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Finance Act 1996

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87 Accounting method where parties have a connection.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies in the case of a loan relationship of a company where for any accounting period there is a connection between the company and—

(a)in the case of a debtor relationship of the company, a person standing in the position of a creditor as respects the debt in question; or

(b)in the case of a creditor relationship of the company, a person standing in the position of a debtor as respects that debt.

(2)The only accounting method authorised for the purposes of this Chapter for use by the company as respects the loan relationship shall be an authorised accruals basis of accounting.

(3)For the purposes of this section there is a connection between a company and another person for an accounting period if (subject to subsection (4) and section 88 below)—

(a)the other person is a company and there is a time in that period F1. . . when one of the companies has had control of the other; [F2or]

(b)the other person is a company and there is a time in that period F3. . . when both the companies have been under the control of the same person; or

(c)F4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Two companies which have at any time been under the control of the same person shall not, by virtue of that fact, be taken for the purposes of this section to be companies between whom there is a connection if the person was the Crown, a Minister of the Crown, a government department, a Northern Ireland department, a foreign sovereign power or an international organisation.

(5)The references in subsection (1) above to a person who stands in the position of a creditor or debtor as respects a loan relationship include references to a person who indirectly stands in that position by reference to a series of loan relationships [F5or money debts which would be loan relationships if a company directly stood in the position of creditor or debtor] .

[F6(5A)Where a trade, profession or business is carried on by two or more persons in partnership (“the firm”) and the firm stands in the position of a creditor or debtor as respects a money debt, any question—

(a)whether there is for the purposes of this Chapter a connection, within the meaning of this section, between any two companies for an accounting period in the case of a loan relationship, or

(b)to what extent any amount is to be treated under this Chapter in any particular way as a result of there being, or not being, such a connection,

shall be determined as if to the extent of his appropriate share each of the partners separately, instead of the firm, stood in the position of a creditor or, as the case may be, debtor as respects the money debt.

The reference in the words following paragraph (b) above to partners does not include a reference to the general partner of a limited partnership which is a collective investment scheme within the meaning of section 235 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.

(5B)For the purposes of subsection (5A) above, a partner’s “appropriate share” is the share that would be apportioned to him if an apportionment were made in the shares in which any profit or loss computed in accordance with subsection (1) of section 114 of the Taxes Act 1988 for the accounting period in question would be apportioned between the partners under subsection (2) of that section.]

(6)F7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)F7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)F7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 87(3)(a) repealed (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the repealing Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), ss. 82(1), 141, Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(2)(a), Sch. 40 Pt. 3(12)

F2Word in s. 87(3)(a) inserted (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 82(1), Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(2)(b)

F3Words in s. 87(3)(b) repealed (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the repealing Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), ss. 82(1), 141, Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(3), Sch. 40 Pt. 3(12)

F4S. 87(3)(c) repealed (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the repealing Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), ss. 82(1), 141, Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(4), Sch. 40 Pt. 3(12)

F5Words in s. 87(5) inserted (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 82(1), Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(5)

F6S. 87(5A)(5B) inserted (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 82(1), Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(6)

F7S. 87(6)-(8) repealed (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 82(2) of the repealing Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), ss. 82(1), 141, Sch. 25 Pt. 1 para. 7(7), Sch. 40 Pt. 3(12)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 87(3) applied (24.7.2002) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 73(8)

C2S. 87(3)(4) applied (with modifications) (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 83(3)(4) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 83(1), Sch. 26 Pt. 2 paras. 6(9), 7(8) (with Sch. 26 Pt. 2 para. 10(2))

S. 87(3)(4) applied (with modifications) (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in s. 83(3)(4) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s. 83(1), Sch. 26 Pt. 6 para. 26(6)

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