xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"

Part IIE+W+S+N.I.[F1THE EMPLOYMENT FIELD][F2 AND DISTRICT COUNCILS] [F3and members of locally-electable authorities]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1Pt. 2: heading "THE EMPLOYMENT FIELD" substituted (E.W.S.) for "EMPLOYMENT" (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), {4(1)} and same heading substituted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by S.R. 2004/55, regs. 1(2)(3), 4(1)

F2Pt. II heading: words inserted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), {Sch. 1 para. 4}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

F3Pt 2 heading: words inserted (E.W.S.) (5.12.2005) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. 19(1), 20(3)-(6), Sch. 1 para. 4; S.I 2005/2774, {art. 3(j)}

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F4Meaning of “discrimination” and “harassment”E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F4Ss. 3A, 3B and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), {4(2)} and said sections and cross-heading inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {4(2)}

3AMeaning of “discrimination”E+W+S+N.I.

[F5

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a person discriminates against a disabled person if—

(a)for a reason which relates to the disabled person’s disability, he treats him less favourably than he treats or would treat others to whom that reason does not or would not apply, and

(b)he cannot show that the treatment in question is justified.

(2)For the purposes of this Part, a person also discriminates against a disabled person if he fails to comply with a duty to make reasonable adjustments imposed on him in relation to the disabled person.

(3)Treatment is justified for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) if, but only if, the reason for it is both material to the circumstances of the particular case and substantial.

(4)But treatment of a disabled person cannot be justified under subsection (3) if it amounts to direct discrimination falling within subsection (5).

(5)A person directly discriminates against a disabled person if, on the ground of the disabled person’s disability, he treats the disabled person less favourably than he treats or would treat a person not having that particular disability whose relevant circumstances, including his abilities, are the same as, or not materially different from, those of the disabled person.

(6)If, in a case falling within subsection (1), a person is under a duty to make reasonable adjustments in relation to a disabled person but fails to comply with that duty, his treatment of that person cannot be justified under subsection (3) unless it would have been justified even if he had complied with that duty.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F5Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

3BMeaning of “harassment”E+W+S+N.I.

[F6

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a person subjects a disabled person to harassment where, for a reason which relates to the disabled person’s disability, he engages in unwanted conduct which has the purpose or effect of—

(a)violating the disabled person’s dignity, or

(b)creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for him.

(2)Conduct shall be regarded as having the effect referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) only if, having regard to all the circumstances, including in particular the perception of the disabled person, it should reasonably be considered as having that effect.]]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F6Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F7Employment]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F7Ss. 4-4F and cross-headings substituted for ss. 4-6 and preceding cross-heading (E.W.S) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 5

[F84 Discrimination against applicants and employees.E+W+S+N.I.

[F9(1)It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which he makes for the purpose of determining to whom he should offer employment;

(b)in the terms on which he offers that person employment; or

(c)by refusing to offer, or deliberately not offering, him employment.

(2)It is unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a disabled person whom he employs –

(a)in the terms of employment which he affords him;

(b)in the opportunities which he affords him for promotion, a transfer, training or receiving any other benefit;

(c)by refusing to afford him, or deliberately not affording him, any such opportunity; or

(d)by dismissing him, or subjecting him to any other detriment.

(3)It is also unlawful for an employer, in relation to employment by him, to subject to harassment –

(a)a disabled person whom he employs; or

(b)a disabled person who has applied to him for employment.

(4)Subsection (2) does not apply to benefits of any description if the employer is concerned with the provision (whether or not for payment) of benefits of that description to the public, or to a section of the public which includes the employee in question, unless –

(a)that provision differs in a material respect from the provision of the benefits by the employer to his employees;

(b)the provision of the benefits to the employee in question is regulated by his contract of employment; or

(c)the benefits relate to training.

(5)The reference in subsection (2)(d) to the dismissal of a person includes a reference –

(a)to the termination of that person’s employment by the expiration of any period (including a period expiring by reference to an event or circumstance), not being a termination immediately after which the employment is renewed on the same terms; and

(b)to the termination of that person’s employment by any act of his (including the giving of notice) in circumstances such that he is entitled to terminate it without notice by reason of the conduct of the employer.

(6)This section applies only in relation to employment at an establishment in Northern Ireland.]]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E1Following the repeal of this Act for E.W.S. by the Equality Act 2010, this section now extends to N.I. only. Prior to that repeal, different versions of this section had been created for N.I. and E.W.S. respectively to reflect the different amendment history for each jurisdiction. This version is based on the N.I. version as it stood at the date of the repeal. It does not reflect the history of E.W.S. effects prior to the 2010 repeal, which can be found in earlier versions.

Amendments (Textual)

F8Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5

F9Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F104AEmployers: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E2This section extends to England and Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010; a separate s. 4A exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004 .

Amendments (Textual)

F10Ss. 4-4F and cross-headings substituted for ss. 4-6 (E.W.S) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 5

F11Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F1034AEmployers: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of an employer, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by the employer,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the employer to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for him to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In subsection (1), “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining to whom employment should be offered, any disabled person who is, or has notified the employer that he may be, an applicant for that employment;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person who is –

(i)an applicant for the employment concerned, or

(ii)an employee of the employer concerned.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes any duty on an employer in relation to a disabled person if the employer does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of an applicant or potential applicant, that the disabled person concerned is, or may be, an applicant for the employment; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E36This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4A exists for England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010.

Amendments (Textual)

F103Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004, regs. 1(2)(3), {5(1)}

F125 Meaning of “discrimination”E+W+S+N.I.

F13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F12Ss. 4-4F and cross-headings substituted for ss. 4-6 (E.W.S) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(2)

F146 Duty of employer to make adjustments.E+W+S+N.I.

F15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F14Ss. 4-4F and cross-headings substituted for ss. 4-6 (E.W.S) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(2)

7 Exemption for small businesses.E+W+S+N.I.

F16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F16S. 7 omitted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by virtue of The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), {7} and s. 7 repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {7}

F17[F18Contract workers]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F17Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 and preceding cross-heading (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

F18Ss. 4-4F and cross-headings substituted for ss. 4-6 and preceding cross-heading (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

[F194BContract workersE+W+S

F20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E3This section extends to England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010; a separate s. 4B exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004.

Amendments (Textual)

F19Ss. 4-4F and cross-headings substituted (E.W.S.) for ss. 4-6 and preceding cross-heading (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

F20Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F1044BContract workersN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a principal, in relation to contract work, to discriminate against a disabled person who is a contract worker (a “disabled contract worker”) –

(a)in the terms on which he allows him to do that work;

(b)by not allowing him to do it or continue to do it;

(c)in the way he affords him access to any benefits or by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford him access to them; or

(d)by subjecting him to any other detriment.

(2)It is also unlawful for a principal, in relation to contract work, to subject a disabled contract worker to harassment.

(3)Subsection (1) does not apply to benefits of any description if the principal is concerned with the provision (whether or not for payment) of benefits of that description to the public, or to a section of the public which includes the contract worker in question, unless that provision differs in a material respect from the provision of the benefits by the principal to contract workers.

(4)This subsection applies to a disabled contract worker where, by virtue of –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of all or most of the principals to whom he is or might be supplied, or

(b)a physical feature of premises occupied by such persons,

he is likely, on each occasion when he is supplied to a principal to do contract work, to be placed at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled which is the same or similar in each case.

(5)Where subsection (4) applies to a disabled contract worker, his employer must take such steps as he would have to take under section 4A if the provision, criterion or practice were applied by him or on his behalf or (as the case may be) if the premises were occupied by him.

(6)Section 4A applies to any principal, in relation to contract work, as if he were, or would be, the employer of the disabled contract worker and as if any contract worker supplied to do work for him were an employee of his.

(7)However, for the purposes of section 4A as applied by subsection (6), a principal is not required to take a step in relation to a disabled contract worker if under that section the disabled contract worker’s employer is required to take the step in relation to him.

(8)This section applies only in relation to contract work done at an establishment in Northern Ireland (the provisions of section 68 about the meaning of “employment at an establishment in Northern Ireland” applying for the purposes of this subsection with the appropriate modifications).

(9)In this section –

Annotations:

Extent Information

E37This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4B exists for England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010.

Amendments (Textual)

F104Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

F17[F18Office-holders]E+W+S+N.I.

[F184COffice-holders: introductoryE+W+S

F21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E4This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010 ; a separate s. 4C exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004

Amendments (Textual)

F21Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F1054COffice-holders: introductoryN.I.

(1)Subject to subsection (5), sections 4D and 4E apply to an office or post if –

(a)no relevant provision of this Part applies in relation to an appointment to the office or post; and

(b)one or more of the conditions specified in subsection (3) is satisfied.

(2)The following are relevant provisions of this Part for the purposes of subsection (1)(a): section 4, section 4B, section 6A, section 7A [F106, section 14C and section 15B(3)(b)].

(3)The conditions specified in this subsection are that –

(a)the office or post is one to which persons are appointed to discharge functions personally under the direction of another person, and in respect of which they are entitled to remuneration;

(b)the office or post is one to which appointments are made by a Minister of the Crown, a Northern Ireland Minister or a government department;

(c)the office or post is one to which appointments are made on the recommendation of, or subject to the approval of, a body or person referred to in paragraph (b) or the Assembly.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3)(a) the holder of an office or post –

(a)is to be regarded as discharging his functions under the direction of another person if that other person is entitled to direct him as to when and where he discharges those functions;

(b)is not to be regarded as entitled to remuneration merely because he is entitled to payments –

(i)in respect of expenses incurred by him in carrying out the functions of the office or post, or

(ii)by way of compensation for the loss of income or benefits he would or might have received from any person had he not been carrying out the functions of the office or post.

(5)Sections 4D and 4E do not apply to –

(a)any office of the House of Commons held by a member of it;

(b)a life peerage within the meaning of the Life Peerages Act 1958 F107, or any office of the House of Lords held by a member of it;

(c)any office mentioned in Schedule 2 (Ministerial offices) to the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975;

(d)any office of the Assembly held by a member of it;

(e)any office of a district council held by a member of it; or

(f)any office of a political party.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E38This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4C existed for England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010.

Amendments (Textual)

F105Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 and preceding cross-heading (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

F106Words in s. 4C(2) substituted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), {Sch. 1 para. 5}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

[F184DOffice-holders: discrimination and harassmentE+W+S

F22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E5This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010 ; a separate s. 4D exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004

Amendments (Textual)

F22Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F1054DOffice-holders: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a relevant person, in relation to an appointment to an office or post to which this section applies, to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which he makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered the appointment;

(b)in the terms on which he offers him the appointment; or

(c)by refusing to offer him the appointment.

(2)It is unlawful for a relevant person, in relation to an appointment to an office or post to which this section applies and which satisfies the condition set out in section 4C(3)(c), to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which he makes for the purpose of determining who should be recommended or approved in relation to the appointment; or

(b)in making or refusing to make a recommendation, or giving or refusing to give an approval, in relation to the appointment.

(3)It is unlawful for a relevant person, in relation to a disabled person who has been appointed to an office or post to which this section applies, to discriminate against him –

(a)in the terms of the appointment;

(b)in the opportunities which he affords him for promotion, a transfer, training or receiving any other benefit, or by refusing to afford him any such opportunity;

(c)by terminating the appointment; or

(d)by subjecting him to any other detriment in relation to the appointment.

(4)It is also unlawful for a relevant person, in relation to an office or post to which this section applies, to subject to harassment a disabled person –

(a)who has been appointed to the office or post;

(b)who is seeking or being considered for appointment to the office or post; or

(c)who is seeking or being considered for a recommendation or approval in relation to an appointment to an office or post satisfying the condition set out in section 4C(3)(c).

(5)Subsection (3) does not apply to benefits of any description if the relevant person is concerned with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits of that description to the public, or a section of the public to which the disabled person belongs, unless –

(a)that provision differs in a material respect from the provision of the benefits to persons appointed to offices or posts which are the same as, or not materially different from, that to which the disabled person has been appointed;

(b)the provision of the benefits to the person appointed is regulated by the terms and conditions of his appointment; or

(c)the benefits relate to training.

(6)In subsection (3)(c) the reference to the termination of the appointment includes a reference –

(a)to the termination of the appointment by the expiration of any period (including a period expiring by reference to an event or circumstance), not being a termination immediately after which the appointment is renewed on the same terms and conditions; and

(b)to the termination of the appointment by any act of the person appointed (including the giving of notice) in circumstances such that he is entitled to terminate the appointment by reason of the conduct of the relevant person.

(7)In this section –

(a)references to making a recommendation include references to making a negative recommendation; and

(b)references to refusal include references to deliberate omission.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E39This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4D existed for England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010.

Amendments (Textual)

F105Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 and preceding cross-heading (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

[F184EOffice-holders: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E6This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010 ; a separate s. 4E exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004

Amendments (Textual)

F23Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F1054EOffice-holders: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of a relevant person, or

(b)any physical feature of premises –

(i)under the control of a relevant person, and

(ii)at or from which the functions of an office or post to which this section applies are performed,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the relevant person to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for him to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In this section, “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining who should be appointed to, or recommended or approved in relation to, an office or post to which this section applies, any disabled person who –

(i)is, or has notified the relevant person that he may be, seeking appointment to, or (as the case may be) seeking a recommendation or approval in relation to, that office or post, or

(ii)is being considered for appointment to, or (as the case may be) for a recommendation or approval in relation to, that office or post;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person –

(i)who is seeking or being considered for appointment to, or a recommendation or approval in relation to, the office or post concerned, or

(ii)who has been appointed to the office or post concerned.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes any duty on the relevant person in relation to a disabled person if the relevant person does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of a person who is being considered for, or is or may be seeking, appointment to, or a recommendation or approval in relation to, an office or post, that the disabled person concerned –

(i)is, or may be, seeking appointment to, or (as the case may be) seeking a recommendation or approval in relation to, that office or post, or

(ii)is being considered for appointment to, or (as the case may be) for a recommendation or approval in relation to, that office or post; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E40This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4E existed for England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010.

Amendments (Textual)

F105Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 and preceding cross-heading (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

[F184FOffice-holders: supplementaryE+W+S

F24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E7This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010 ; a separate s. 4F exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004

Amendments (Textual)

F24Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F1054FOffice-holders: supplementaryN.I.

(1)In sections 4C to 4E, appointment to an office or post does not include election to an office or post.

(2)In sections 4D and 4E, “relevant person” means –

(a)in a case relating to an appointment to an office or post, the person with power to make that appointment;

(b)in a case relating to the making of a recommendation or the giving of an approval in relation to an appointment, a person or body referred to in section 4C(3)(b) with power to make that recommendation or (as the case may be) to give that approval;

(c)in a case relating to a term of an appointment, the person with power to determine that term;

(d)in a case relating to a working condition afforded in relation to an appointment –

(i)the person with power to determine that working condition; or

(ii)where there is no such person, the person with power to make the appointment;

(e)in a case relating to the termination of an appointment, the person with power to terminate the appointment;

(f)in a case relating to the subjection of a disabled person to any other detriment or to harassment, any person or body falling within one or more of paragraphs (a) to (e) in relation to such cases as are there mentioned.

(3)In subsection (2)(d), “working condition” includes –

(a)any opportunity for promotion, a transfer, training or receiving any other benefit; and

(b)any physical feature of premises at or from which the functions of an office or post are performed.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E41This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4F existed for England, Wales and Scotland only until 1.10.2010.

Amendments (Textual)

F105Ss. 4-4K and cross-headings substituted for s. 4 and preceding cross-heading (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)

F17[F18Occupational pension schemes]E+W+S+N.I.

[F254GOccupational pension schemes: non-discrimination ruleE+W+S

F26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E8This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 4G exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F25Ss. 4G-4K and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes, otherwise 1.10.2004) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3){3}

F26Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F174GOccupational pension schemes: non-discrimination ruleN.I.

(1)Every occupational pension scheme shall be taken to include a provision (“the non-discrimination rule”) containing the following requirements –

(a)a requirement that the trustees or managers of the scheme refrain from discriminating against a relevant disabled person in carrying out any of their functions in relation to the scheme (including in particular their functions relating to the admission of members to the scheme and the treatment of members of the scheme);

(b)a requirement that the trustees or managers of the scheme do not subject a relevant disabled person to harassment in relation to the scheme.

(2)The other provisions of the scheme are to have effect subject to the non-discrimination rule.

(3)It is unlawful for the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme –

(a)to discriminate against a relevant disabled person contrary to requirement (a) of the non-discrimination rule; or

(b)to subject a relevant disabled person to harassment contrary to requirement (b) of the non-discrimination rule.

(4)The non-discrimination rule does not apply in relation to rights accrued, or benefits payable, in respect of periods of service prior to the coming into operation of this section (but it does apply to communications with members or prospective members of the scheme in relation to such rights or benefits).

(5)The trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme may, if –

(a)they do not (apart from this subsection) have power to make such alterations to the scheme as may be required to secure conformity with the non-discrimination rule, or

(b)they have such power but the procedure for doing so –

(i)is liable to be unduly complex or protracted, or

(ii)involves the obtaining of consents which cannot be obtained, or can only be obtained with undue delay or difficulty,

by resolution make such alterations to the scheme.

(6)The alterations referred to in subsection (5) may have effect in relation to a period before the alterations are made (but may not have effect in relation to a period before the coming into operation of this section).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E42This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4G for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F254H Occupational pension schemes: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E9This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 4H exists for Northern Ireland only

Amendments (Textual)

F25Ss. 4G-4K and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes, otherwise 1.10.2004) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3){3}

F27Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F174HOccupational pension schemes: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice (including a scheme rule) applied by or on behalf of the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by the trustees or managers,

places a relevant disabled person at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the trustees or managers to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for them to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)The making of alterations to scheme rules is (in addition to the examples set out in section 18B(2)) an example of a step which trustees or managers may have to take in order to comply with the duty set out in subsection (1).

(3)Nothing in subsection (1) imposes any duty on trustees or managers in relation to a disabled person if they do not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)that the disabled person is a relevant disabled person; or

(b)that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E43This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4H for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F254I Occupational pension schemes: procedureE+W+S

F28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E10This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 4I exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F25Ss. 4G-4K and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes, otherwise 1.10.2004) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3){3}

F28Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F174IOccupational pension schemes: procedureN.I.

(1)Where under section 17A a relevant disabled person presents a complaint to an industrial tribunal that the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme have acted in relation to him in a way which is unlawful under this Part, the employer in relation to that scheme shall, for the purposes of the rules governing procedure, be treated as a party and be entitled to appear and be heard in accordance with those rules.

(2)In this section, “employer”, in relation to an occupational pension scheme, has the meaning given by Article 121(1) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 F108 as at the date of coming into operation of this section.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E44This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4I for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

[F254J Occupational pension schemes: remediesE+W+S

F29. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E11This version of this provision extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate version exists for Northern Ireland only .

Amendments (Textual)

F25Ss. 4G-4K and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes, otherwise 1.10.2004) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3){3}

F29Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F174JOccupational pension schemes: remediesN.I.

(1)This section applies where –

(a)under section 17A a relevant disabled person presents to an industrial tribunal a complaint that –

(i)the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme have acted in relation to him in a way which is unlawful under this Part; or

(ii)an employer has so acted in relation to him;

(b)the complaint relates to –

(i)the terms on which persons become members of an occupational pension scheme, or

(ii)the terms on which members of the scheme are treated;

(c)the disabled person is not a pensioner member of the scheme; and

(d)the tribunal finds that the complaint is well-founded.

(2)The tribunal may, without prejudice to the generality of its power under section 17A(2)(a), make a declaration that the complainant has a right –

(a)(where subsection (1)(b)(i) applies) to be admitted to the scheme in question; or

(b)(where subsection (1)(b)(ii) applies) to membership of the scheme without discrimination.

(3)A declaration under subsection (2) –

(a)may be made in respect of such period as the declaration may specify (but may not be made in respect of any period before the coming into operation of this section);

(b)may make such provision as the tribunal considers appropriate as to the terms upon which, or the capacity in which, the disabled person is to enjoy such admission or membership.

(4)The tribunal may not award the disabled person any compensation under section 17A(2)(b) (whether in relation to arrears of benefits or otherwise) other than –

(a)compensation for injury to feelings;

(b)compensation pursuant to section 17A(5).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E45This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4J for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F254K Occupational pension schemes: supplementaryE+W+S

F30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E12This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 4K exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F25Ss. 4G-4K and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes, otherwise 1.10.2004) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3){3}

F30Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F174KOccupational pension schemes: supplementaryN.I.

(1)In their application to communications, sections 4G to 4J apply in relation to a disabled person who is –

(a)entitled to the present payment of dependants' or survivors' benefits under an occupational pension scheme; or

(b)a pension credit member of such a scheme,

as they apply in relation to a disabled person who is a pensioner member of the scheme.

(2)In sections 4G to 4J and in this section –

Annotations:

Extent Information

E46This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 4K for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

F31[F32Partnerships]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F31Ss. 6A-6C and cross-heading inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 6

F32Ss. 6A-6C and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003

(S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), {6}

[F326APartnerships: discrimination and harassmentE+W+S

F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E13This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 6A exists for Northern Ireland.

Amendments (Textual)

F33Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F316APartnerships: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a firm, in relation to a position as partner in the firm, to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which they make for the purpose of determining who should be offered that position;

(b)in the terms on which they offer him that position;

(c)by refusing or deliberately omitting to offer him that position; or

(d)in a case where the person already holds that position –

(i)in the way they afford him access to any benefits or by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford him access to them; or

(ii)by expelling him from that position, or subjecting him to any other detriment.

(2)It is also unlawful for a firm, in relation to a position as partner in the firm, to subject to harassment a disabled person who holds or has applied for that position.

(3)Subsection (1) does not apply to benefits of any description if the firm are concerned with the provision (whether or not for payment) of benefits of that description to the public, or to a section of the public which includes the partner in question, unless that provision differs in a material respect from the provision of the benefits to other partners.

(4)The reference in subsection (1)(d)(ii) to the expulsion of a person from a position as partner includes a reference –

(a)to the termination of that person’s partnership by the expiration of any period (including a period expiring by reference to an event or circumstance), not being a termination immediately after which the partnership is renewed on the same terms; and

(b)to the termination of that person’s partnership by any act of his (including the giving of notice) in circumstances such that he is entitled to terminate it without notice by reason of the conduct of the other partners.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E47This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 6A for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F326BPartnerships: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E14This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 6B exists for Northern Ireland only

Amendments (Textual)

F34Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F316BPartnerships: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of a firm, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by the firm,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the firm to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for them to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In this section, “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining to whom the position of partner should be offered, any disabled person who is, or has notified the firm that he may be, a candidate for that position;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person who is –

(i)a partner, or

(ii)a candidate for the position of partner.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes any duty on a firm in relation to a disabled person if the firm do not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of a candidate or potential candidate, that the disabled person concerned is, or may be, a candidate for the position of partner; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).

(4)Where a firm are required by this section to take any steps in relation to the disabled person concerned, the cost of taking those steps shall be treated as an expense of the firm; and the extent to which such cost should be borne by that person, where he is or becomes a partner in the firm, shall not exceed such amount as is reasonable, having regard in particular to the proportion in which he is entitled to share in the firm’s profits.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E48This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 6B for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F326CPartnerships: supplementaryE+W+S

F35. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E15This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 6C exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F35Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F316CPartnerships: supplementaryN.I.

(1)Sections 6A(1)(a) to (c) and (2) and section 6B apply in relation to persons proposing to form themselves into a partnership as they apply in relation to a firm.

(2)Sections 6A and 6B apply to a limited liability partnership as they apply to a firm; and, in the application of those sections to a limited liability partnership, references to a partner in a firm are references to a member of the limited liability partnership.

(3)In the case of a limited partnership, references in sections 6A and 6B to a partner shall be construed as references to a general partner as defined in section 3 of the Limited Partnerships Act 1907 F109.

(4)In sections 6A and 6B and in this section, “firm” has the meaning given by section 4 of the Partnership Act 1890 F110.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E49This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 6C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

[F36Barristers and advocates][F37Barristers]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F36Ss. 7A-7D and cross-heading inserted (E.W. for ss. 7A, 7B, S. for ss. 7C, 7D) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 8 - see also s. 70(5A)(5B) of this Act.

F37Ss. 7A, 7B and cross-heading inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 8

[F367ABarristers: discrimination and harassmentE+W

F38. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E16This section extended to England and Wales only; a separate s. 7A exists for Northern Ireland from 21.2.2004.

Amendments (Textual)

F38Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F377ABarristers: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a barrister, in relation to taking any person as his pupil, to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which he makes for the purpose of determining whom he will take as his pupil;

(b)in respect of any terms on which he offers to take the disabled person as his pupil; or

(c)by refusing, or deliberately omitting, to take the disabled person as his pupil.

(2)It is unlawful for a barrister, in relation to a disabled person who is a pupil, to discriminate against him –

(a)in respect of any terms applicable to him as a pupil;

(b)in the opportunities for training, or gaining experience, which are afforded or denied to him;

(c)in the benefits which are afforded or denied to him;

(d)by terminating the relationship or by subjecting him to any pressure to leave; or

(e)by subjecting him to any other detriment.

(3)It is unlawful for a barrister, in relation to taking any person as his pupil, to subject to harassment a disabled person who is, or has applied to be taken as, his pupil.

(4)It is also unlawful for any person, in relation to the giving, withholding or acceptance of instructions to a barrister, to discriminate against a disabled person or to subject him to harassment.

(5)In this section and section 7B “pupil” has the meaning commonly associated with its use in the context of a person training as a barrister.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E50This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 7A for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F367BBarristers: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E17This section extended to England and Wales only; a separate s. 7B exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004 .

Amendments (Textual)

F39Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F377BBarristers: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of a barrister, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by, and under the control of, a barrister,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the barrister to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for him to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In this section, “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining whom he will take as his pupil, any disabled person who has applied, or has notified the barrister that he may apply, to be taken as a pupil;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person who is –

(i)an applicant to be taken as the barrister’s pupil, or

(ii)a pupil.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes any duty on a barrister in relation to a disabled person if he does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of an applicant or potential applicant, that the disabled person concerned is, or may be, applying to be taken as his pupil; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E51This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 7B for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F367CAdvocates: discrimination and harassmentS

F40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F40Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F367DAdvocates: duty to make adjustmentsS

F41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F41Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

Enforcement etc.E+W+S+N.I.

8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F1118 Enforcement, remedies and procedure.N.I.

Annotations:

Extent Information

E52This version of this provision extends to Northern Ireland only; in its application to Northern Ireland, this section has effect subject to the modifications set out in Sch. 8; see s. 70(6).

Amendments (Textual)

F111S. 8 moved and renumbered (as s. 17A) (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 9(1) and s. 8 moved and renumbered (as s. 17A) (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by S.R. 2004/55, regs. 1(2)(3), 9(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 8: transfer of certain functions (N.I.) (1.12.1999) by S.R. 1999/481, art. 4(b), Sch. 2 Pt. II

Commencement Information

I4S. 8 wholly in force at 2.12.1996; s. 8 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3); s. 8(6)(7) in force at 11.7.1996 by S.R. 1996/280, art. 2(1), Sch. Pt. I; s. 8(1)-(5)(8) in force at 2.12.1996 by S.R. 1996/280, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. II

9 Validity of certain agreements.E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F47S. 9 omitted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.10.2004 ) by virtue of The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 10 and s. 9 repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 10

10 F48 Charities and support for particular groups of persons.E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F48S. 10 moved and renumbered (as s. 18C) (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 11

11 Advertisements suggesting that employers will discriminate against disabled personsE+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F50S. 11 omitted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 12 and s. 11 repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 12

Discrimination by other personsE+W+S+N.I.

12 Discrimination against contract workers.E+W+S+N.I.

F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F51S. 12 omitted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 insofar as not yet in force) by virtue of The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1, {12} and said section repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 insofar as not yet in force) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1, {12}

15 Appeal against refusal of exemption certificate.E+W+S+N.I.

F52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F52Ss. 13-14D and cross-headings substituted for ss. 13-15 (3.7.2003 for certain purposes for E.W.S. and 21.2.2004 for certain purposes for N.I. and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 13; The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 13

F53[F54Trade and professional bodies]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F53Ss. 13-14D and cross-headings substituted for ss. 13-15 (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.I. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 13

F54Ss. 13-14D and cross-headings substituted for ss. 13-15 (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 13

[F54X113Trade organisations: discrimination and harassmentE+W+S

F55. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E19This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 13 exists for Northern Ireland only.

Editorial Information

X1S. 13: to view versions of this E.W.S. section before 3.7.2003 it is recommended that users search from cross-heading "Discrimination by other persons"

Amendments (Textual)

F55Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F53X313Trade organisations: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a trade organisation to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which it makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered membership of the organisation;

(b)in the terms on which it is prepared to admit him to membership of the organisation; or

(c)by refusing to accept, or deliberately not accepting, his application for membership.

(2)It is unlawful for a trade organisation, in the case of a disabled person who is a member of the organisation, to discriminate against him –

(a)in the way it affords him access to any benefits or by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford him access to them;

(b)by depriving him of membership, or varying the terms on which he is a member; or

(c)by subjecting him to any other detriment.

(3)It is also unlawful for a trade organisation, in relation to membership of that organisation, to subject to harassment a disabled person who –

(a)is a member of the organisation; or

(b)has applied for membership of the organisation.

(4)In this section and section 14 “trade organisation” means –

(a)an organisation of workers;

(b)an organisation of employers; or

(c)any other organisation whose members carry on a particular profession or trade for the purposes of which the organisation exists.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E53This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 13 for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Editorial Information

X3S. 13: to view versions of this N.I. section before 21.2.2004 it is recommended that users search from cross-heading "Discrimination by other persons"

[F54X214Trade organisations: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E20This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 14 exists for Northern Ireland only.

Editorial Information

X2S. 14: to view versions of this E.W.S. section before 21.2.2004 it is recommended that users search from cross-heading "Discrimination by other persons"

Amendments (Textual)

F56Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F53X414Trade organisations: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of a trade organisation, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by the organisation,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the organisation to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for it to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In this section “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining to whom membership should be offered, any disabled person who is, or has notified the organisation that he may be, an applicant for membership;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person who is –

(i)a member of the organisation; or

(ii)an applicant for membership of the organisation.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes any duty on an organisation in relation to a disabled person if the organisation does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of an applicant or potential applicant, that the disabled person concerned is, or may be, an applicant for membership of the organisation; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E54This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 14 for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Editorial Information

X4S. 14: to view versions of this N.I. section before 21.2.2004 it is recommended that users search from cross-heading "Discrimination by other persons"

[F5414AQualifications bodies: discrimination and harassmentE+W+S

F57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E21This section extends to England and Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 14A exists for Northern Ireland only from 21.2.2004.

Amendments (Textual)

F57Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F5314AQualifications bodies: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a qualifications body to discriminate against a disabled person –

(a)in the arrangements which it makes for the purpose of determining upon whom to confer a professional or trade qualification;

(b)in the terms on which it is prepared to confer a professional or trade qualification on him;

(c)by refusing or deliberately omitting to grant any application by him for such a qualification; or

(d)by withdrawing such a qualification from him or varying the terms on which he holds it.

(2)It is also unlawful for a qualifications body, in relation to a professional or trade qualification conferred by it, to subject to harassment a disabled person who holds or applies for such a qualification.

(3)In determining for the purposes of subsection (1) whether the application by a qualifications body of a competence standard to a disabled person constitutes discrimination within the meaning of section 3A, the application of the standard is justified for the purposes of section 3A(1)(b) if, but only if, the qualifications body can show that –

(a)the standard is, or would be, applied equally to persons who do not have his particular disability; and

(b)its application is a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) –

(a)section 3A(2) (and (6)) does not apply; and

(b)section 3A(4) has effect as if the reference to section 3A(3) were a reference to subsection (3) of this section.

(5)In this section and section 14B –

(6)Words and expressions used in the definition of “qualifications body”in subsection (5) to which a meaning is assigned by Article 2(2) of the Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 F112 have the same meaning as in that Order.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E55This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 14A for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F112Relevant amending Orders are S.I. 1989/2406 (N.I. 20), S.I. 1993/2810 (N.I. 12), S.I. 1996/274 (N.I. 1) and S.I. 1997/1772 (N.I. 15)

[F5414BQualifications bodies: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E22This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 14B exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F58Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F5314BQualifications bodies: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice, other than a competence standard, applied by or on behalf of a qualifications body; or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by a qualifications body,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the qualifications body to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for it to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In this section “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining on whom a professional or trade qualification is to be conferred, any disabled person who is, or has notified the qualifications body that he may be, an applicant for the conferment of that qualification;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person who –

(i)holds a professional or trade qualification conferred by the qualifications body, or

(ii)applies for a professional or trade qualification which it confers.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes a duty on a qualifications body in relation to a disabled person if the body does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of an applicant or potential applicant, that the disabled person concerned is, or may be, an applicant for the conferment of a professional or trade qualification; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E56This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 14B for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

F53[F54Practical work experience]E+W+S+N.I.

[F5414CPractical work experience: discrimination and harassmentE+W+S

F59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E23This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 14C exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F59Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F5314CPractical work experience: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful, in the case of a disabled person seeking or undertaking a work placement, for a placement provider to discriminate against him –

(a)in the arrangements which he makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered a work placement;

(b)in the terms on which he affords him access to any work placement or any facilities concerned with such a placement;

(c)by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford him such access;

(d)by terminating the placement; or

(e)by subjecting him to any other detriment in relation to the placement.

(2)It is also unlawful for a placement provider, in relation to a work placement, to subject to harassment –

(a)a disabled person to whom he is providing a placement; or

(b)a disabled person who has applied to him for a placement.

[F113(3)This section and section 14D do not apply—

(a)to anything which is unlawful under any provision of section 4, sections 19 to 21A, sections 21F to 21J or Part 4; or

(b)to anything which would be unlawful under any such provision but for the operation of any provision in or made under this Act.]

(4)In this section and section 14D –

(5)This section and section 14D do not apply to a work placement undertaken in any of the naval, military and air forces of the Crown.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E57This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 14C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F113S. 14C(3) substituted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), {Sch. 1 para. 6}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

[F5414DPractical work experience: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F60. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E24This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 14D exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F60Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F5314DPractical work experience: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of a placement provider, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by the placement provider,

places the disabled person concerned at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, it is the duty of the placement provider to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for him to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(2)In this section, “the disabled person concerned” means –

(a)in the case of a provision, criterion or practice for determining to whom a work placement should be offered, any disabled person who is, or has notified the placement provider that he may be, an applicant for that work placement;

(b)in any other case, a disabled person who is –

(i)an applicant for the work placement concerned, or

(ii)undertaking a work placement with the placement provider.

(3)Nothing in this section imposes any duty on a placement provider in relation to the disabled person concerned if he does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know –

(a)in the case of an applicant or potential applicant, that the disabled person concerned is, or may be, an applicant for the work placement; or

(b)in any case, that that person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E58This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 14D for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F61Relationships between locally-electable authorities and their members][F62Relationships between district councils and their members]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F61Ss. 15A-15C and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (5.12. 2005 so far as the amending provision inserts s. 15A to the extent that it relates to s. 15B, and s. 15B, and 4.12.2006 so far as the amending provision is not already in force) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. 1, 20(3)-(6); S.I. 2005/2774, arts. 3(a), 4(a)

F62Ss. 15A-15C and cross-heading inserted (N.I.) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1), ss. 1(2), 3; S.R. 2007/466, art. {2(2)(a)}

[F6115AInterpretation of sections 15B and 15CE+W+S

F63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E25This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 15A exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F63Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F6215AInterpretation of sections 15B and 15CN.I.

(1)In sections 15B and 15C “council” means a district council.

(2)In relation to a member of a council, a reference in those sections to his carrying-out of official business is to his doing of anything—

(a)as member of the council;

(b)as member of any body to which he is appointed by, or is appointed following nomination by, the council or a group of bodies that includes the council; or

(c)as member of any other body if it is a public body.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E59This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 15A for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F6115BAuthorities and their members: discrimination and harassmentE+W+S

F64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E26This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 15B exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F64Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F6215BCouncils and their members: discrimination and harassmentN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a council to discriminate against a disabled person who is a member of the council—

(a)in the opportunities which it affords the disabled person to receive training, or any other facility, for his carrying-out of official business;

(b)by refusing to afford, or deliberately not affording, the disabled person any such opportunities; or

(c)by subjecting the disabled person to any other detriment in connection with his carrying-out of official business.

(2)It is unlawful for a council to subject a disabled person who is a member of the council to harassment in connection with his carrying-out of official business.

(3)A member of a council is not subjected to a detriment for the purposes of subsection (1)(c) by reason of—

(a)his not being appointed or elected to an office of the council;

(b)his not being appointed or elected to, or to an office of, a committee or sub-committee of the council; or

(c)his not being appointed or nominated in exercise of any power of the council, or of a group of bodies that includes the council, to appoint, or nominate for appointment, to any body.

(4)Regulations may make provision as to the circumstances in which treatment is to be taken to be justified, or is to be taken not to be justified, for the purposes of section 3A(1)(b) as it has effect for the interpretation of “discriminate” in subsection (1).

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) may (in particular) provide for section 3A(3) to apply with prescribed modifications, or not to apply, for those purposes; but treatment of a disabled person cannot be justified under subsection (4) if it amounts to direct discrimination falling within section 3A(5).

(6)If, in a case falling within section 3A(1) as it has effect for the interpretation of “discriminate” in subsection (1), a council is under a duty imposed by section 15C in relation to a disabled person but fails to comply with that duty, its treatment of that person cannot be justified under subsection (4) unless it would have been justified even if it had complied with that duty.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E60This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 15B for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

[F6115CAuthorities and their members: duty to make adjustmentsE+W+S

F65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E27This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 15C exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F65Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F6215CCouncils and their members: duty to make adjustmentsN.I.

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by or on behalf of a council, or

(b)any physical feature of premises occupied by, or under the control of, a council,

places a disabled person who is a member of the council at a substantial disadvantage, in comparison with members of the council who are not disabled persons, in connection with his carrying-out of official business.

(2)It is the duty of the council to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for it to have to take in order to prevent the provision, criterion or practice, or feature, having that effect.

(3)Subsection (2) does not impose any duty on a council in relation to a member of the council who is a disabled person if the council does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know, that the member—

(a)has a disability; and

(b)is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in subsection (1).

(4)Regulations may make provision, for purposes of this section—

(a)as to circumstances in which a provision, criterion or practice, or physical feature, is to be taken to have the effect mentioned in subsection (1);

(b)as to circumstances in which a provision, criterion or practice, or physical feature, is to be taken not to have the effect mentioned in subsection (1);

(c)as to circumstances in which it is, or as to circumstances in which it is not, reasonable for a council to have to take steps of a prescribed description;

(d)as to steps which it is always, or as to steps which it is never, reasonable for a council to have to take;

(e)as to things which are, or as to things which are not, to be treated as physical features.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E61This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 15C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

F66. . . E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F66Cross-heading preceding s. 16 omitted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by virtue of The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 14(1) and said cross-heading repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3). {14(1)}

16 Alterations to premises occupied under leases.E+W+S+N.I.

F67. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F67S. 16 moved and renumbered (as s. 18A) (3.7.2003 for E.W.S. for certain purposes and 21.2.2004 for N.I. for certain purposes, and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 14(2); S.R. 2004/55, regs. 1(2)(3), 14(2)

F68[F69Other unlawful acts]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F68Ss. 16A-16C and cross-heading inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 15

F69Ss. 16A-16C and cross-heading inserted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 15(1)

[F6916ARelationships which have come to an endE+W+S

F70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E28This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 16A exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F70Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F6816ARelationships which have come to an endN.I.

(1)This section applies where –

(a)there has been a relevant relationship between a disabled person and another person (“the relevant person”), and

(b)the relationship has come to an end.

(2)In this section a “relevant relationship”is –

(a)a relationship during the course of which an act of discrimination against, or harassment of, one party to the relationship by the other party to it is unlawful under any preceding provision of this Part [F114, other than sections 15B and 15C]; or

(b)a relationship between a person providing employment services F115. . . and a person receiving such services.

(3)It is unlawful for the relevant person –

(a)to discriminate against the disabled person by subjecting him to a detriment, or

(b)to subject the disabled person to harassment,

where the discrimination or harassment arises out of and is closely connected to the relevant relationship.

(4)This subsection applies where –

(a)a provision, criterion or practice applied by the relevant person to the disabled person in relation to any matter arising out of the relevant relationship, or

(b)a physical feature of premises which are occupied by the relevant person,

places the disabled person at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with persons who are not disabled, but are in the same position as the disabled person in relation to the relevant person.

(5)Where subsection (4) applies, it is the duty of the relevant person to take such steps as it is reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for him to have to take in order to prevent the provision, practice or criterion, or feature, having that effect.

(6)Nothing in subsection (5) imposes any duty on the relevant person if he does not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know, that the disabled person has a disability and is likely to be affected in the way mentioned in that subsection.

(7)In subsection (2), reference to an act of discrimination or harassment which is unlawful includes, in the case of a relationship which has come to an end before the commencement of this section, reference to such an act which would, after the commencement of this section, be unlawful.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E62This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 16A for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F114Words in s. 16(2)(a) inserted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), {Sch. 1 para. 7(a)}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

F115Words in s. 16(2)(b) repealed (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19, Sch. 1 para. 7(b), {Sch. 2}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(n)

[F6916BDiscriminatory advertisementsE+W+S

F71. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E29This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 16B exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F71Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F6816BDiscriminatory advertisementsN.I.

[F116(1)It is unlawful for a person to publish or cause to be published an advertisement which—

(a)invites applications for a relevant appointment or benefit; and

(b)indicates, or might reasonably be understood to indicate, that an application will or may be determined to any extent by reference to—

(i)the applicant not having any disability, or any particular disability,

(ii)the applicant not having had any disability, or any particular disability, or

(iii)any reluctance of the person determining the application to comply with a duty to make reasonable adjustments or (in relation to employment services) with the duty imposed by section 21(1) as modified by section 21A(6).]

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply where it would not in fact be unlawful under this Part or, to the extent that it relates to the provision of employment services, Part III for an application to be determined in the manner indicated (or understood to be indicated) in the advertisement.

[F117(2A)A person who publishes an advertisement of the kind described in subsection (1) shall not be subject to any liability under subsection (1) in respect of the publication of the advertisement if he proves—

(a)that the advertisement was published in reliance on a statement made to him by the person who caused it to be published to the effect that, by reason of the operation of subsection (2), the publication would not be unlawful; and

(b)that it was reasonable for him to rely on the statement.

(2B)A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement such as is mentioned in subsection (2A)(a) which in a material respect is false or misleading commits an offence, and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.]

[F118(2C)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to an advertisement so far as it invites persons to apply in their capacity as members of a district council, for a relevant appointment or benefit which the council is intending to make or confer.]

(3)In [F119this section], “relevant appointment or benefit” means –

(a)any employment, promotion or transfer of employment;

(b)membership of, or a benefit under, an occupational pension scheme;

(c)an appointment to any office or post to which section 4D applies;

(d)any partnership in a firm (within the meaning of section 6A);

(e)any pupillage (within the meaning of section 7A);

(f)any membership of a trade organisation (within the meaning of section 13);

(g)any professional or trade qualification (within the meaning of section 14A);

(h)any work placement (within the meaning of section 14C);

(i)any employment services F120. . . .

(4)In this section, “advertisement” includes every form of advertisement or notice, whether to the public or not.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E63This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 16B for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F116S. 16B(1) substituted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, {11(1)}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(e)

F117S. 16B(2A)(2B) inserted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, {11(2)}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(e)

F118S. 16B(2C) inserted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), {Sch. 1 para. 8(2)}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

F119Words in s. 16B(3) substituted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, {11(3)}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

F120Words in s. 16B(3)(i) repealed (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19, Sch. 1 para. 8(3), {Sch. 2}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)(n)

[F6916CInstructions and pressure to discriminateE+W+S

F72. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E30This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 16C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F72Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F6816CInstructions and pressure to discriminateN.I.

(1)It is unlawful for a person –

(a)who has authority over another person, or

(b)in accordance with whose wishes that other person is accustomed to act,

to instruct him to do any act which is unlawful under this Part or, to the extent that it relates to the provision of employment services, Part III, or to procure or attempt to procure the doing by him of any such act.

(2)It is also unlawful to induce, or attempt to induce, a person to do any act which contravenes this Part or, to the extent that it relates to the provision of employment services, Part III by –

(a)providing or offering to provide him with any benefit, or

(b)subjecting or threatening to subject him to any detriment.

(3)An attempted inducement is not prevented from falling within subsection (2) because it is not made directly to the person in question, if it is made in such a way that he is likely to hear of it.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E64This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 16C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

F73. . . E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F73Cross-heading preceding s. 17 repealed (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3), {4(1)} and said cross-heading repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {5(2)}

17 Occupational pension schemes.E+W+S+N.I.

F74. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F74S. 17 repealed (E.W.S.) (1.12.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Pensions) Regulations (S.I. 2003/2770), regs. 1(2)(3), {4(1)} and said provision repealed (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {5(2)}

[F75 Enforcement etc.]E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

[F7617A Enforcement, remedies and procedure.E+W+S+N.I.

[F77(1)A complaint by any person that another person—

(a)has discriminated against him [F78, or subjected him to harassment,] in a way which is unlawful under this Part, or

(b)is, by virtue of section 57 or 58, to be treated as having [F79done so],

may be presented to an industrial tribunal.

[F80(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply to a complaint under section 14A(1) or (2) about an act in respect of which an appeal, or proceedings in the nature of an appeal, may be brought under any enactment.

(1B)Where, on the hearing of a complaint under subsection (1), the complainant proves facts from which the tribunal could, apart from this subsection, conclude in the absence of an adequate explanation that the respondent has acted in a way which is unlawful under this Part, the tribunal shall uphold the complaint unless the respondent proves that he did not so act.]

(2)Where an industrial tribunal finds that a complaint presented to it under this section is well-founded, it shall take such of the following steps as it considers just and equitable—

(a)making a declaration as to the rights of the complainant and the respondent in relation to the matters to which the complaint relates;

(b)ordering the respondent to pay compensation to the complainant;

(c)recommending that the respondent take, within a specified period, action appearing to the tribunal to be reasonable, in all the circumstances of the case, for the purpose of obviating or reducing the adverse effect on the complainant of any matter to which the complaint relates.

[F81(3)Where a tribunal orders compensation under subsection (2)(b), the amount of the compensation shall be calculated by applying the principles applicable to the calculation of damages in claims in tort for breach of statutory duty.]

(4)For the avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that compensation in respect of discrimination in a way which is unlawful under this Part may include compensation for injury to feelings whether or not it includes compensation under any other head.

(5)If the respondent to a complaint fails, without reasonable justification, to comply with a recommendation made by an industrial tribunal under subsection (2)(c) the tribunal may, if it thinks it just and equitable to do so—

(a)increase the amount of compensation required to be paid to the complainant in respect of the complaint, where an order was made under subsection (2)(b); or

(b)make an order under subsection (2)(b).

(6)Regulations may make provision—

(a)for enabling a tribunal, where an amount of compensation falls to be awarded under subsection (2)(b), to include in the award interest on that amount; and

(b)specifying, for cases where a tribunal decides that an award is to include an amount in respect of interest, the manner in which and the periods and rate by reference to which the interest is to be determined.

[F82(7)Regulations may modify the operation of any order made under Article 16 of the Industrial Tribunals (Northern Ireland) Order 1996 F83 (power to make provision as to interest on sums payable in pursuance of industrial tribunal decisions) to the extent that it relates to an award of compensation under subsection (2)(b).]

(8)Part I of Schedule 3 makes further provision about the enforcement of this Part and about procedure.]]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E31E Note: Following the repeal of this Act for E.W.S. by the Equality Act 2010, this section now extends to N.I. only. Prior to that repeal, different versions of this section had been created for N.I. and E.W.S. respectively to reflect the different amendment history for each jurisdiction. This version is based on the N.I. version as it stood at the date of the repeal. It does not reflect the history of E.W.S. effects prior to the 2010 repeal, which can be found in earlier versions.

Amendments (Textual)

F76S. 8 moved and renumbered (as s. 17A) (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by S.R. 2004/55, regs. 1(2)(3), 9(1)

F77Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

F78Words in s. 17A(1)(a) inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 9(2)(a)

F79Words in s. 17A(1)(b) substituted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for specified purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 9(2)(b)

F81S. 17A(3) substituted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 9(2)(d)

F82S. 17A(7) substituted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 9(2)(e)

Commencement Information

I2S. 8 (now s. 17A) wholly in force at 2.12.1996; s. 8 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3); s. 8(6)(7) in force at 6.6.1996 by S.I. 1996/1474, art. 2(1), Sch. Pt. I; s. 8(1)-(5)(8) in force at 2.12.1996 by S.I. 1996/1474, art. 2(1), Sch. Pt. III

[F8417BEnforcement of sections [F8516B(1)] and 16CE+W+S

F86. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F84Ss. 17B, 17C inserted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 16(1)

[F12117BEnforcement of sections [F12216B(1)] and 16CN.I.

(1)Only the Commission may bring proceedings in respect of a contravention of section [F12216B(1) ](discriminatory advertisements) or section 16C (instructions and pressure to discriminate).

(2)The Commission shall bring any such proceedings in accordance with subsection (3) or (4).

(3)The Commission may present to an industrial tribunal a complaint that a person has done an act which is unlawful under section [F12216B(1)] or 16C; and if the tribunal finds that the complaint is well-founded it shall make a declaration to that effect.

(4)Where –

(a)a tribunal has made a finding pursuant to subsection (3) that a person has done an act which is unlawful under section [F12216B(1)] or 16C,

(b)that finding has become final, and

(c)it appears to the Commission that, unless restrained, he is likely to do a further act which is unlawful under [F123section 16B(1) or (as the case may be) section 16C],

the Commission may apply to a county court for an injunction restraining him from doing such an act; and the court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may grant the injunction in the terms applied for or in more limited terms.

(5)A finding of a tribunal under subsection (3) in respect of any act shall, if it has become final, be treated as conclusive by a county court upon an application under subsection (4).

(6)A finding of a tribunal becomes final for the purposes of this section when an appeal against it is dismissed, withdrawn or abandoned or when the time for appealing expires without an appeal having been brought.

(7)An industrial tribunal shall not consider a complaint under subsection (3) unless it is presented before the end of the period of six months beginning when the act to which it relates was done; and a county court shall not consider an application under subsection (4) unless it is made before the end of the period of five years so beginning.

(8)A court or tribunal may consider any such complaint or application which is out of time if, in all the circumstances of the case, it considers that it is just and equitable to do so.

(9)The provisions of paragraph 3(3) and (4) of Schedule 3 apply for the purposes of subsection (7) as they apply for the purposes of paragraph 3(1) of that Schedule.

(10)In this section “the Commission” means the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E65This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 17B for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F121Ss. 17B, 17C inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 16(1)

F122Word in s. 17B(1)(3)(4)(a) and heading substituted (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), {Sch. 1 para. 9(2)}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

[F8417CValidity of contracts, collective agreements and rules of undertakingsE+W+S

F87. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E32This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 17C exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F84Ss. 17B, 17C inserted (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 16(1)

F87Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F12117CValidity of contracts, collective agreements and rules of undertakingsN.I.

Schedule 3A shall have effect.]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E66This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 17C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F121Ss. 17B, 17C inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by the Disability Discrimination Act (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004 (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), 16(1)

[F88Supplementary and generalE+W+S+N.I.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F88Cross-heading "Supplementary and General" inserted (3.7.2003 for E.W.S. for certain purposes and 21.2.2004 for N.I. for certain purposes, and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 17(1); The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004

(S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {17(1)}

18 Insurance services.E+W+S+N.I.

F89. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F89S. 18 repealed (E.W.S.) (5.12 2005) by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 (c. 13), ss. 11, 19(2), 20(3)-(6), Sch. 2; S.I. 2005/2774, art. 3(f)(k)(i) and S. 18 repealed (N.I) (31.12.2007) by The Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order ( S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 12(1), 19(2), {Sch. 2}; S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(f)(n)

[F9018A Alterations to premises occupied under leases.E+W+S+N.I.

[F91(1)This section applies where—

(a)[F92a person to whom a duty to make reasonable adjustments applies](“the occupier”) occupies premises under a lease;

(b)but for this section, the occupier would not be entitled to make a particular alteration to the premises; and

(c)the alteration is one which the occupier proposes to make in order to comply with [F93that duty].

(2)Except to the extent to which it expressly so provides, the lease shall have effect by virtue of this subsection as if it provided—

(a)for the occupier to be entitled to make the alteration with the written consent of the lessor;

(b)for the occupier to have to make a written application to the lessor for consent if he wishes to make the alteration;

(c)if such an application is made, for the lessor not to withhold his consent unreasonably; and

(d)for the lessor to be entitled to make his consent subject to reasonable conditions.

[F94(2A)Except to the extent to which it expressly so provides, any superior lease under which the premises are held shall have effect in relation to the lessor and lessee who are parties to that lease as if it provided—

(i)for the lessee to have to make a written application to the lessor for consent to the alteration;

(ii)if such an application is made, for the lessor not to withhold his consent unreasonably; and

(iii)for the lessor to be entitled to make his consent subject to reasonable conditions.]]

(3)In this section—

(4)If the terms and conditions of a lease—

(a)impose conditions which are to apply if the occupier alters the premises, or

(b)entitle the lessor to impose conditions when consenting to the occupier’s altering the premises,

the occupier is to be treated for the purposes of subsection (1) as not being entitled to make the alteration.

(5)Part I of Schedule 4 supplements the provisions of this section.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F90S. 16 moved and renumbered (as s. 18A) (3.7.2003 for E.W.S. for certain purposes and 21.2.2004 for N.I. for certain purposes, and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 14(2); S.R. 2004/55, regs. 1(2)(3), 14(2)

F91Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

F92Words in s. 18A(1)(a) substituted (3.7.2003 for E.W.S. for certain purposes and 21.2.2004 for N.I. for certain purposes, and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 14(3)(a); The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {14(3)(a)}

F93Words in s. 18A(1)(c) substituted (3.7.2003 for E.W.S. for certain purposes and 21.2.2004 for N.I. for certain purposes, and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 14(3)(b); The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {14(3)(b)}

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 18A modified (N.I.) (1.10.2004) by The Disability Discrimination (Employment Field) (Leasehold Premises) Regulations (Northern Ireland) (S.R. 2004/374, regs. 4-9

Commencement Information

I3S. 16 wholly in force at 2.12.1996; s. 16 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 70(3); s. 16(3)(5) in force for certain purposes (E.W.S.) at 17.5.1996 by S.I. 1996/1336, art. 3(d); s. 16(3)(5) in force for certain purposes (N.I.) at 30.5.1996 by S.R. 1996/219, art. 3(d); s. 16(5) in force insofar as not already in force (E.W.S.) at 6.6.1996 by S.I. 1996/1474, art. 2(1), Sch. Pt. I; s. 16(5) in force (N.I.) insofar as not already in force at 1.7.1996 by S.R. 1996/280, art. 2(1), Sch. Pt. I; s. 16(3) in force (E.W.S.) insofar as not already in force at 2.12.1996 by S.I. 1996/3003, art. 3; s. 16(3) in force insofar as not already in force (N.I.) at 2.12.1996 by S.R. 1996/280, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. II; s. 16(1)(2)(4) in force (E.W.S.) at 2.12.1996 by S.I. 1996/1474, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. III; s. 16(1)(2)(4) in force (N.I.) at 2.12.1996 by S.R. 1996/280, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. II

[F9518BReasonable adjustments: supplementaryE+W+S+N.I.

[F96

(1)In determining whether it is reasonable for a person to have to take a particular step in order to comply with a duty to make reasonable adjustments, regard shall be had, in particular, to—

(a)the extent to which taking the step would prevent the effect in relation to which the duty is imposed;

(b)the extent to which it is practicable for him to take the step;

(c)the financial and other costs which would be incurred by him in taking the step and the extent to which taking it would disrupt any of his activities;

(d)the extent of his financial and other resources;

(e)the availability to him of financial or other assistance with respect to taking the step;

(f)the nature of his activities and the size of his undertaking;

(g)where the step would be taken in relation to a private household, the extent to which taking it would—

(i)disrupt that household, or

(ii)disturb any person residing there.

(2)The following are examples of steps which a person may need to take in relation to a disabled person in order to comply with a duty to make reasonable adjustments—

(a)making adjustments to premises;

(b)allocating some of the disabled person’s duties to another person;

(c)transferring him to fill an existing vacancy;

(d)altering his hours of working or training;

(e)assigning him to a different place of work or training;

(f)allowing him to be absent during working or training hours for rehabilitation, assessment or treatment;

(g)giving, or arranging for, training or mentoring (whether for the disabled person or any other person);

(h)acquiring or modifying equipment;

(i)modifying instructions or reference manuals;

(j)modifying procedures for testing or assessment;

(k)providing a reader or interpreter;

(l)providing supervision or other support.

(3)For the purposes of a duty to make reasonable adjustments, where under any binding obligation a person is required to obtain the consent of another person to any alteration of the premises occupied by him—

(a)it is always reasonable for him to have to take steps to obtain that consent; and

(b)it is never reasonable for him to have to make that alteration before that consent is obtained.

(4)The steps referred to in subsection (3)(a) shall not be taken to include an application to a court or tribunal.

(5)In subsection (3), “binding obligation” means a legally binding obligation (not contained in a lease (within the meaning of section 18A(3)) in relation to the premises, whether arising from an agreement or otherwise.

(6)A provision of this Part imposing a duty to make reasonable adjustments applies only for the purpose of determining whether a person has discriminated against a disabled person; and accordingly a breach of any such duty is not actionable as such.]]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E33Following the repeal of this Act for E.W.S. by the Equality Act 2010, this section now extends to N.I. only.

Amendments (Textual)

F96Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F9718C Charities and support for particular groups of persons.E+W+S

F98. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E34This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 18C exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F97S. 10 moved and renumbered (as s. 18C) (E.W.S.) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), arts. 1(2)(3), 11

F98Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F88[F12418CCharities and support for particular groups of personsN.I.

(1)Nothing in this Part –

(a)affects any charitable instrument which provides for conferring benefits on one or more categories of person determined by reference to any physical or mental capacity; or

(b)makes unlawful any act done by a charity in pursuance of any of its charitable purposes, so far as those purposes are connected with persons so determined.

(2)Nothing in this Part prevents –

(a)a person who provides supported employment from treating members of a particular group of disabled persons more favourably than other persons in providing such employment; or

(b)the [F125Department for Communities] from agreeing to arrangements for the provision of supported employment which will, or may, have that effect.

(3)In this section –

Annotations:

Extent Information

E67This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 18C for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F124S. 18C inserted (N.I.) (21.2.2004 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004

(S.R. 2004/55), regs. 1(2)(3), {17(2)}

[F9918DInterpretation of Part 2E+W+S

F100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Annotations:

Extent Information

E35This section extended to England, Wales and Scotland only; a separate s. 18D exists for Northern Ireland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F99S. 18D inserted (E.W.S) (3.7.2003 for certain purposes and 1.10.2004 otherwise) by The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1673), regs. 1(2)(3), 18

F100Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)

[F88[F12818DInterpretation of Part IIN.I.

(1)Subject to any duty to make reasonable adjustments, nothing in this Part is to be taken to require a person to treat a disabled person more favourably than he treats or would treat others.

(2)In this Part –

Annotations:

Extent Information

E68This section extends to Northern Ireland only; a separate s. 18D for England, Wales and Scotland only repealed (1.10.2010).

Amendments (Textual)

F12918D(2): word in definition of "duty to make reasonable adjustments" inserted (31.12.2007) by Disability Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/312 (N.I. 1)), arts. 1, 19(1), Sch. 1 para. 10(a); S.R. 2007/466, art. 2(2)(l)

[F10118EPremises provided otherwise than in course of a Part 2 relationshipE+W+S+N.I.

[F102(1)This Part does not apply in relation to the provision, otherwise than in the course of a Part 2 relationship, of premises by the regulated party to the other party.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)“Part 2 relationship” means a relationship during the course of which an act of discrimination against, or harassment of, one party to the relationship by the other party to it is unlawful under sections 4 to 15C; and

(b)in relation to a Part 2 relationship, “regulated party” means the party whose acts of discrimination, or harassment, are made unlawful by sections 4 to 15C.]]]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F102Act repealed (E.W.S.) (1.10.2010 (except for the repeal of ss. 49A-49D) and 5.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by Equality Act 2010 (c. 15), 216(3), Sch. 27 Pt. 1 (as substituted (1.10.2010) by S.I. 2010/2279, Sch. 2) (with ss. 6(4), 205, and with amendments and savings in the said S.I. 2010/2279, art. 16); S.I. 2010/2317, art. 2(15)(f) (with arts. 4-25, Schs. 1-16); S.I. 2011/1066, art. 2(h)