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Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995

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Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, Section 210A is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 25 August 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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[F1210A Extended sentences for [F2sex, violent and terrorist offenders].S

(1)Where a person is convicted on indictment of a sexual [F3, violent or terrorism] offence, the court may, if it—

(a)intends, in relation to—

(i)a sexual offence, to pass a determinate sentence of imprisonment; or

(ii)a violent [F4or terrorism] offence, to pass such a sentence for a term of four years or more; and

(b)considers that the period (if any) for which the offender would, apart from this section, be subject to a licence would not be adequate for the purpose of protecting the public from serious harm from the offender,

pass an extended sentence on the offender.

(2)An extended sentence is a sentence of imprisonment which is the aggregate of—

(a) the term of imprisonment (“ the custodial term ”) which the court would have passed on the offender otherwise than by virtue of this section; and

(b) a further period (“ the extension period ”) for which the offender is to be subject to a licence and which is, subject to the provisions of this section, of such length as the court considers necessary for the purpose mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above.

(3)The extension period shall not exceed, in the case of—

(a)a sexual offence, ten years; F5...

(b)a violent offence, [F6ten] years[F7, and

(c)a terrorism offence, ten years.]

(4)A court shall, before passing an extended sentence, consider a report by a relevant officer of a local authority about the offender and his circumstances and, if the court thinks it necessary, hear that officer.

(5)The term of an extended sentence passed for a statutory offence shall not exceed the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in the statute in respect of that offence.

(6)Subject to subsection (5) above, a sheriff may pass an extended sentence which is the aggregate of a custodial term not exceeding the maximum term of imprisonment which he may impose and an extension period not exceeding [F8five years].

(7)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)amend paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above by substituting a different period, not exceeding ten years, for the period for the time being specified in that paragraph; and

(b)make such transitional provision as appears to him to be necessary or expedient in connection with the amendment.

(8)The power to make an order under subsection (7) above shall be exercisable by statutory instrument; but no such order shall be made unless a draft of the order has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

(9)An extended sentence shall not be imposed where the sexual or violent offence was committed before the commencement of section 86 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.

(10)For the purposes of this section—

  • licence ” and “ relevant officer ” have the same meaning as in Part I of the M1 Prisoners and Criminal Proceedings (Scotland) Act 1993;

  • sexual offence ” means—

    (i)

    rape [F9at common law];

    (ii)

    clandestine injury to women;

    (iii)

    abduction of a woman or girl with intent to rape or ravish;

    (iiia)

    [F10abduction with intent to commit the statutory offence of rape;]

    (iv)

    assault with intent to rape or ravish;

    (iva)

    [F11assault with intent to commit the statutory offence of rape;]

    (v)

    indecent assault;

    (vi)

    lewd, indecent or libidinous behaviour or practices;

    (vii)

    F12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    (viii)

    sodomy;

    (ix)

    an offence under section 170 of the M2Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 in relation to goods prohibited to be imported under section 42 of the M3Customs Consolidation Act 1876, but only where the prohibited goods include indecent photographs of persons;

    (x)

    an offence under section 52 of the M4Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (taking and distribution of indecent images of children);

    (xi)

    an offence under section 52A of that Act (possession of indecent images of children);

    (xii)

    an offence under section 1 of the M5Criminal Law (Consolidation) (Scotland) Act 1995 (incest);

    (xiii)

    an offence under section 2 of that Act (intercourse with a stepchild);

    (xiv)

    an offence under section 3 of that Act (intercourse with child under 16 by person in position of trust);

    (xv)

    an offence under section 5 of that Act (unlawful intercourse with girl under 16);

    (xvi)

    an offence under section 6 of that Act (indecent behaviour towards girl between 12 and 16);

    (xvii)

    an offence under section 8 of that Act (abduction of girl under 18 for purposes of unlawful intercourse);

    (xviii)

    an offence under section 10 of that Act (person having parental responsibilities causing or encouraging sexual activity in relation to a girl under 16); F13. . .

    (xix)

    an offence under subsection (5) of section 13 of that Act (homosexual offences); F14[F15. . .

    (xx)

    an offence under section 3 of the Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000 (abuse of position of trust)]F16[F17. . .

    (xxi)

    an offence under section 311(1) of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment)(Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13)(non-consensual sexual acts).]

    (xxii)

    [F18an offence under section 1 of the Protection of Children and Prevention of Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 9) (meeting a child following certain preliminary conduct);

    (xxiii)

    an offence under section 9 of that Act (paying for sexual services of a child);

    (xxiv)

    an offence under section 10 of that Act (causing or inciting provision by child of sexual services or child pornography);

    (xxv)

    an offence under section 11 of that Act (controlling a child providing sexual services or involved in pornography);

    (xxvi)

    an offence under section 12 of that Act (arranging or facilitating provision by child of sexual services or child pornography).][F19 and

    (xxvii)

    an offence which consists of a contravention of any of the following provisions of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009 (asp 9)—

    (A)

    section 1 (rape),

    (B)

    section 2 (sexual assault by penetration),

    (C)

    section 3 (sexual assault),

    (D)

    section 4 (sexual coercion),

    (E)

    section 5 (coercing a person into being present during a sexual activity),

    (F)

    section 6 (coercing a person into looking at a sexual image),

    (G)

    section 7(1) (communicating indecently),

    (H)

    section 7(2) (causing a person to see or hear an indecent communication),

    (I)

    section 8 (sexual exposure),

    (J)

    section 9 (voyeurism),

    (K)

    section 11 (administering a substance for sexual purposes),

    (L)

    section 18 (rape of a young child),

    (M)

    section 19 (sexual assault on a young child by penetration),

    (N)

    section 20 (sexual assault on a young child),

    (O)

    section 21 (causing a young child to participate in a sexual activity),

    (P)

    section 22 (causing a young child to be present during a sexual activity)

    (Q)

    section 23 (causing a young child to look at a sexual image),

    (R)

    section 24(1) (communicating indecently with a young child),

    (S)

    section 24(2) (causing a young child to see or hear an indecent communication),

    (T)

    section 25 (sexual exposure to a young child),

    (U)

    section 26 (voyeurism towards a young child),

    (V)

    section 28 (having intercourse with an older child),

    (W)

    section 29 (engaging in penetrative sexual activity with or towards an older child),

    (X)

    section 30 (engaging in sexual activity with or towards an older child),

    (Y)

    section 31 (causing an older child to participate in a sexual activity),

    (Z)

    section 32 (causing an older child to be present during a sexual activity),

    (ZA)

    section 33 (causing an older child to look at a sexual image),

    (ZB)

    section 34(1) (communicating indecently with an older child),

    (ZC)

    section 34(2) (causing an older child to see or hear an indecent communication),

    (ZD)

    section 35 (sexual exposure to an older child),

    (ZE)

    section 36 (voyeurism towards an older child),

    (ZF)

    section 37(1) (engaging while an older child in sexual conduct with or towards another older child),

    (ZG)

    section 37(4) (engaging while an older child in consensual sexual conduct with another older child),

    (ZH)

    section 42 (sexual abuse of trust),

    (ZI)

    section 46 (sexual abuse of trust of a mentally disordered person);

    (xxviii)

    [F20an offence (other than one mentioned in the preceding paragraphs) where the court determines for the purposes of this paragraph that there was a significant sexual aspect to the offender's behaviour in committing the offence;]]

  • imprisonment ” includes—

    (i)

    detention under section 207 of this Act; and

    (ii)

    detention under section 208 of this Act; F21...

  • [F22terrorism offence” means—

    (a)

    an offence under any of the following provisions of the Terrorism Act 2000—

    (i)

    section 11 (membership of a proscribed organisation),

    (ii)

    section 12 (inviting support for a proscribed organisation),

    (iii)

    section 54 (weapons training),

    (iv)

    section 56 (directing a terrorist organisation),

    (v)

    section 57 (possession of article for terrorist purposes),

    (vi)

    section 58 (collection of information likely to be of use to a terrorist),

    (vii)

    section 58A (publishing information about members of the armed forces etc),

    (viii)

    section 58B (entering or remaining in a designated area), or

    (ix)

    section 59 (inciting terrorism overseas),

    (b)

    an offence under any of the following provisions of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001—

    (i)

    section 47 (use etc of nuclear weapons),

    (ii)

    section 50 (assisting or inducing certain weapons-related acts overseas), or

    (iii)

    section 113 (use of noxious substance or thing to cause harm or intimidate),

    (c)

    an offence under any of the following provisions of the Terrorism Act 2006—

    (i)

    section 1 (encouragement of terrorism),

    (ii)

    section 2 (dissemination of terrorist publications),

    (iii)

    section 5 (preparation of terrorist acts),

    (iv)

    section 6 (training for terrorism),

    (v)

    section 8 (attendance at a place used for terrorist training),

    (vi)

    section 9 (making or possession of radioactive device or material),

    (vii)

    section 10 (misuse of radioactive device or material for terrorist purposes etc), or

    (viii)

    section 11 (terrorist threats relating to radioactive devices etc),

    (d)

    an offence of aiding, abetting, counselling, procuring or inciting the commission of an offence specified in paragraphs (a) to (c),

    (e)

    an offence of attempting to commit such an offence,

    (f)

    an offence of conspiring to commit such an offence; and]

  • violent offence ” means any offence (other than an offence which is a sexual offence within the meaning of this section) inferring personal violence.

[F23(11)In subsection (10)

(a) any reference to a “ sexual offence ” includes?

(i)a reference to any attempt, conspiracy or incitement to commit that offence; and

(ii)except in the case of an offence under paragraphs (i) to (viii) of the definition of “sexual offence” in that subsection, a reference to aiding and abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of that offence;

(b)the references to “rape” in paragraphs (iii) and (iv) of the definition of “sexual offence” are to the offence of rape at common law; and

(c)the references to “the statutory offence of rape” in paragraphs (iiia) and (iva) of that definition are (as the case may be) to?

(i)the offence of rape under section 1 of the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009, or

(ii)the offence of rape of a young child under section 18 of that Act.]

[F24(12)An extended sentence may be passed by reference to paragraph (xxviii) only if the offender is or is to become, by virtue of Schedule 3 to the Sexual Offences Act 2003 (c.42), subject to the notification requirements of Part 2 of that Act.]]

Textual Amendments

F1S. 210A inserted (30.9.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 86(1); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(s) (subject to arts. 5-8)

F2Words in s. 210A heading substituted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(2), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F3Words in s. 210A(1) substituted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(3)(a), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F4Words in s. 210A(1)(a)(ii) inserted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(3)(b), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F5Word in s. 210A(3)(a) omitted (12.4.2019) by virtue of Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(4)(a), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F7S. 210A(3)(c) and word inserted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(4)(b), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F8Words in s. 210A(6) substituted (4.10.2004) by Criminal Procedure (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 5), ss. 21, 27(1); S.S.I. 2004/405, art. 2, Sch. 1 (subject to savings in arts. 3-5)

F13S. 210A: word “and”immediately preceding s. 210A(10) para. (xix) omitted (8.1.2001) by virtue of 2000 c. 44, s. 6(2); S.S.I. 2000/452, art. 2(f)

F14Word in s. 210A(10) in definition of "sexual offence" omitted (5.10.2005) by virtue of Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13), ss. 312(a), 333(2)-(4); S.S.I. 2005/161, art. 3

F15S. 210A(xx) and the preceding “and”inserted (8.1.2001) by 2000 c. 44, s. 6(2); S.S.I. 2000/452, art. 2(f)

F17Words in s. 210A(10) in definition of "sexual offence" added (5.10.2005) by Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 13), ss. 312(b), 333(2)-(4); S.S.I. 2005/161, art. 3

F20S. 210A(10): words in the definition of "sexual offence" added (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 23(a), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

F21Word in s. 210A(10) omitted (12.4.2019) by virtue of Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(5)(a), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F22Words in s. 210A(10) inserted (12.4.2019) by Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act 2019 (c. 3), ss. 10(5)(b), 27(3) (with s. 25(3))

F24S. 210A(12) added (13.12.2010 for all purposes in respect of offences committed on or after this date) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), ss. 23(b), 206(1); S.S.I. 2010/413, art. 2, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

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