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Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995

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Changes over time for: Cross Heading: Compensation

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Version Superseded: 01/04/2016

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Point in time view as at 30/06/2014.

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Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, Cross Heading: Compensation is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 18 September 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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CompensationU.K.

249 Compensation order against convicted person.S

(1)[F1Where] a person is convicted of an offence the court, instead of or in addition to dealing with him in any other way, may make an order (in this Part of this Act referred to as “a compensation order”) requiring him to pay compensation [F2in favour of the victim] for [F3 any—

(a)personal injury, loss or damage caused directly or indirectly; or

(b)alarm or distress caused directly,

to the victim.]

[F4(1A) For the purposes of subsection (1) above, “ victim ” means—

(a)a person against whom; or

(b)a person against whose property,

the acts which constituted the offence were directed.]

[F5(1B)Where a person is convicted of an offence, the court may (instead of or in addition to dealing with the person in any other way), in accordance with subsections (3A) to (3C), make a compensation order requiring the convicted person to pay compensation in favour of—

(a)the victim, or

(b)a person who is liable for funeral expenses in respect of which subsection (3C)(b) allows a compensation order to be made.

(1C) For the purposes of subsection (1B)(a), “ victim ” means—

(a)a person who has suffered personal injury, loss or damage in respect of which a compensation order may be made by virtue of subsection (3A), or

(b)a relative (as defined in Schedule 1 to the Damages (Scotland) Act 1976 (c.13)) who has suffered bereavement in respect of which subsection (3C)(a) allows a compensation order to be made.]

(2)It shall not be competent for a court to make a compensation order—

(a)where, under section 246(2) of this Act, it makes an order discharging him absolutely;

[F6(ab)where, under section 227A of this Act, it imposes a community payback order;]

(c)at the same time as, under section 202 of this Act, it defers sentence.

(3)Where, in the case of an offence involving dishonest appropriation, or the unlawful taking and using of property or a contravention of section 178(1) of the M1Road Traffic Act 1988 (taking motor vehicle without authority etc.) the property is recovered, but has been damaged while out of the owner’s possession, that damage, however and by whomsoever it was in fact caused, shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (1) above as having been caused by the acts which constituted the offence.

[F7(3A)A compensation order may be made in respect of personal injury, loss or damage (apart from loss suffered by a person's dependents in consequence of a person's death) that was caused directly or indirectly by an accident arising out of the presence of a motor vehicle on a road if—

(a)it was being used in contravention of section 143(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1988 (c.52), and

(b)no compensation is payable under arrangements to which the Secretary of State is a party.

(3B)Where a compensation order is made by virtue of subsection (3) or (3A), the order may include an amount representing the whole or part of any loss of (including reduction in) preferential rates of insurance if the loss is attributable to the accident.

(3C)A compensation order may be made—

(a)for bereavement in connection with a person's death resulting from the acts which constituted the offence,

(b)for funeral expenses in connection with such a death,

except where the death was due to an accident arising out of the presence of a motor vehicle on a road.]

(4)[F8Unless (and to the extent that) subsections (3) to (3C) allow a compensation order to be made, no] compensation order shall be made in respect of—

(a)loss suffered in consequence of the death of any person; or

(b)injury, loss or damage due to an accident arising out of the presence of a motor vehicle on a road F9....

(5)In determining whether to make a compensation order against any person, and in determining the amount to be paid by any person under such order, the court shall take into consideration his means so far as known to the court.

F10(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)In solemn proceedings there shall be no limit on the amount which may be awarded under a compensation order.

(8)In summary proceedings—

(a)a sheriff, or a stipendiary magistrate F11. . . , shall have power to make a compensation order awarding in respect of each offence an amount not exceeding the prescribed sum;

(b)a judge of a [F12JP court] (other than [F13a] stipendiary magistrate) shall have power to make a compensation order awarding in respect of each offence an amount not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

[F14(8A)In summary proceedings before the sheriff, where the fine or maximum fine to which a person is liable on summary conviction of an offence exceeds the prescribed sum, the sheriff may make a compensation order awarding in respect of the offence an amount not exceeding the amount of the fine to which the person is so liable.]

(9)Payment of any amount under a compensation order shall be made to the clerk of the court who shall account for the amount to the person entitled thereto.

(10)Only the court shall have power to enforce a compensation order.

[F15(11)This section is subject to section 34 of the Regulatory Reform (Scotland) Act 2014.]

Textual Amendments

F11Words in s. 249(8)(a) repealed(10.3.2008, 2.6.2008, 8.12.2008, 23.2.2009, 14.12.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 22.2.2010) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 22(a); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/192, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/329, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/362, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2009/432, art. 3, Schs. 1, 2

F12Words in s. 249(8)(b) substituted (10.3.2008, 2.6.2008, 8.12.2008, 23.2.2009 and 14.12.2009, otherwise 22.2.2010) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 26(p); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/192, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/329, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/362, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2009/432, art. 3, Schs. 1, 2

F13Word in s. 249(8)(b) substituted (10.3.2008, 2.6.2008, 8.12.2008, 23.2.2009 and 14.12.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 22.2.2010) by Criminal Proceedings etc. (Reform) (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 6), ss. 80, 84, Sch. para. 22(b); S.S.I. 2008/42, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/192, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/329, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2008/362, art. 3, Sch.; S.S.I. 2009/432, art. 3, Schs. 1, 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

250 Compensation orders: supplementary provisions.S

(1)Where a court considers that in respect of an offence it would be appropriate to impose a fine and to make a compensation order but the convicted person has insufficient means to pay both an appropriate fine and an appropriate amount in compensation the court should prefer a compensation order.

(2)Where a convicted person has both been fined and had a compensation order made against him in respect of the same offence or different offences in the same proceedings, a payment by the convicted person shall first be applied in satisfaction of the compensation order.

(3)For the purposes of any appeal or review, a compensation order is a sentence.

(4)Where a compensation order has been made against a person, a payment made to the court in respect of the order shall be retained until the determination of any appeal in relation to the order.

251 Review of compensation order.S

(1)Without prejudice to the power contained in section 213 of this Act, (as applied by section 252 of this Act), at any time before a compensation order has been complied with or fully complied with, the court, on the application of the person against whom the compensation order was made, may discharge the compensation order or reduce the amount that remains to be paid if it appears to the court that—

F16(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)that property the loss of which is reflected in the compensation order has been recovered.

[F17(1A)On the application of the prosecutor at any time before a compensation order has been complied with (or fully complied with), the court may increase the amount payable under the compensation order if it is satisfied that the person against whom it was made—

(a)because of the availability of materially different information about financial circumstances, has more means than were made known to the court when the order was made, or

(b)because of a material change of financial circumstances, has more means than the person had then.]

(2)In subsection (1) above “the court” means—

(a)in a case where, as respects the compensation order, a transfer of fine order under section 222 of this Act (as applied by the said section 252) is effective and the court by which the compensation order is enforceable is in terms of the transfer of fine order a court of summary jurisdiction in Scotland, that court; or

(b)in any other case, the court which made the compensation order or, where that court was the High Court, by which the order was first enforceable.

252 Enforcement of compensation orders: application of provisions relating to fines.U.K.

(1)The provisions of this Act specified in subsection (2) below shall, subject to any necessary modifications and to the qualifications mentioned in that subsection, apply in relation to compensation orders as they apply in relation to fines; and section 91 of the M2Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 and article 96 of the M3Magistrates’ Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 shall be construed accordingly.

(2)The provisions mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

  • section 211(3), (4) and (7) to (9) (enforcement of fines);

  • section 212 (fines in summary proceedings);

  • section 213 (power to remit fines), with the omission of the words “or (4)” in subsection (2) of that section;

  • section 214 (time for payment) with the omission of—

  • (a) the words from “unless” to “its decision” in subsection (4); and

  • (b) subsection (5);

  • section 215 (further time for payment);

  • section 216 (reasons for default);

  • section 217 (supervision pending payment of fine);

  • section 218 (supplementary provisions), except that subsection (1) of that section shall not apply in relation to compensation orders made in solemn proceedings;

  • subject to subsection (3) below, section 219(1)(b), (2), (3), (5), (6) and (8) (maximum period of imprisonment for non-payment of fine);

  • section 220 (payment of fine in part by prisoner);

  • section 221 (recovery by civil diligence);

  • section 222 (transfer of fine orders);

  • section 223 (action of clerk of court on transfer of fine order); [F18and]

  • section 224 (discharge from imprisonment to be specified) [F19; and.

  • section 248B (driving disqualification for fine defaulters) so far as it relates to the power conferred by section 219(1)(b).]

(3)In the application of the provisions of section 219 of this Act mentioned in subsection (2) above for the purposes of subsection (1) above—

(a)a court may impose imprisonment in respect of a fine and decline to impose imprisonment in respect of a compensation order but not vice versa; and

(b)where a court imposes imprisonment both in respect of a fine and of a compensation order the amounts in respect of which imprisonment is imposed shall, for the purposes of subsection (2) of the said section 219, be aggregated.

Extent Information

E1S. 252 extends to UK for certain construction purposes, see. s. 252(1).

Textual Amendments

F18S. 252(2): by 1997 c. 48, ss. 15(2)(a), 62(2), Sch. 3; S.I. 1997/2323, art. 4, Sch. 2 (subject to art. 7) it is provided (1.1.1998) that the word “and” in the third place where it occurs is repealed

F19Entry in s. 252(2) and preceding word “; and” inserted (1.1.1998) by 1997 c. 48, s. 15(2)(b); S.I. 1997/2323, art. 4, Sch. 2 (subject to art. 7)

Marginal Citations

M31981/1675 (N.I. 26.)

253 Effect of compensation order on subsequent award of damages in civil proceedings.S

(1)This section shall have effect where a compensation order or a service compensation order or award has been made in favour of any person in respect of any injury, loss [F20, damage, alarm or distress] and a claim by him in civil proceedings for damages in respect thereof subsequently falls to be determined.

(2)The damages in the civil proceedings shall be assessed without regard to the order or award; but where the whole or part of the amount awarded by the order or award has been paid, the damages awarded in the civil proceedings shall be restricted to the amount (if any) by which, as so assessed, they exceed the amount paid under the order or award.

(3)Where the whole or part of the amount awarded by the order or award remains unpaid and damages are awarded in a judgment in the civil proceedings, then, unless the person against whom the order or award was made has ceased to be liable to pay the amount unpaid (whether in consequence of an appeal, or of his imprisonment for default or otherwise), the court shall direct that the judgment—

(a)if it is for an amount not exceeding the amount unpaid under the order or award, shall not be enforced; or

(b)if it is for an amount exceeding the amount unpaid under the order or award, shall not be enforced except to the extent that it exceeds the amount unpaid,

without the leave of the court.

(4)In this section a “service compensation order or award” means—

(a)an order requiring the payment of compensation under paragraph 11 of—

(i)Schedule 5A to the M4Army Act 1955;

(ii)Schedule 5A to the M5Air Force Act 1955; or

(iii)Schedule 4A to the M6Naval Discipline Act 1957; or

(b)an award of stoppages payable by way of compensation under any of those Acts.

Textual Amendments

Marginal Citations

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