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Finance Act 1995

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Settlements and estates

74Settlements: liability of settlor

(1)Schedule 17 to this Act has effect with respect to settlements and the liability of the settlor, as follows—

  • Part I inserts new provisions in place of sections 660 to 676 and 683 to 685 of the Taxes Act 1988,

  • Part II makes minor and consequential amendments of that Act, and

  • Part III contains consequential amendments of other enactments.

(2)The amendments made by Schedule 17 have effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment and apply to every settlement, wherever and whenever it was made or entered into.

75Deceased persons' estates: taxation of beneficiaries

Part XVI of the Taxes Act 1988 (deceased persons' estates) shall have effect with the amendments specified in Schedule 18 to this Act.

76Untaxed income of a deceased person’s estate

(1)In section 246D of the Taxes Act 1988 (foreign income dividends), after subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(3A)Without prejudice to subsection (3) above, a foreign income dividend paid as mentioned in that subsection to personal representatives shall not be treated for the purposes of income tax as income of the personal representatives as such.

(2)In section 547 of that Act (method of charging certain gains to tax)—

(a)in subsection (1)(c) (case where rights vested in personal representatives), after “gain” there shall be inserted “(so far as it is not otherwise comprised in that income)”; and

(b)after subsection (7) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(7A)Where, in the case of any gain—

(a)this section has effect by virtue of subsection (5A) or (7) above with the omission of subsection (5) above, and

(b)the rights conferred by the contract or policy were vested immediately before the happening of the chargeable event in question in personal representatives within the meaning of Part XVI,

the gain shall be deemed for the purposes of income tax to be income of the personal representatives as such.

(3)In section 553 of that Act (non-resident policies), after subsection (7) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(7A)Where, in the case of a gain to which subsection (6)(a) and (b) above applies, the rights conferred by the policy were vested immediately before the happening of the chargeable event in question in personal representatives within the meaning of Part XVI, the gain shall be deemed for the purposes of income tax to be income of the personal representatives as such.

(4)After section 699 of that Act there shall be inserted the following section—

699AUntaxed sums comprised in the income of the estate

(1)In this section “a relevant amount” means so much of any amount which a person is deemed by virtue of this Part to receive or to have a right to receive as is or would be paid out of sums which—

(a)are included in the aggregate income of the estate of the deceased by virtue of any of sections 246D(3), 249(5), 421(2) and 547(1)(c); and

(b)are sums in respect of which the personal representatives are not directly assessable to United Kingdom income tax.

(2)In determining for the purposes of this Part whether any amount is a relevant amount—

(a)such apportionments of any sums to which subsection (1)(a) and (b) above applies shall be made between different persons with interests in the residue of the estate as are just and reasonable in relation to their different interests; and

(b)subject to paragraph (a) above, the assumption in section 701(3A)(b) shall apply, but (subject to that) it shall be assumed that payments are to be made out of other sums comprised in the aggregate income of the estate before they are made out of any sums to which subsection (1)(a) and (b) above applies.

(3)In the case of a foreign estate, and notwithstanding anything in section 695(4)(b) or 696(6), a relevant amount shall be deemed—

(a)to be income of such amount as would, after deduction of income tax for the year in which it is deemed to be paid, be equal to the relevant amount; and

(b)to be income that has borne tax at the applicable rate.

(4)Sums to which subsection (1)(a) and (b) above applies shall be assumed, for the purpose of determining the applicable rate in relation to any relevant amount, to bear tax—

(a)in the case of sums included by virtue of section 246D(3), 249(5) or 421(2), at the lower rate, and

(b)in the case of sums included by virtue of section 547(1)(c), at the basic rate.

(5)No repayment shall be made of any income tax which by virtue of this Part is treated as having been borne by the income that is represented by a relevant amount.

(6)For the purposes of sections 348 and 349(1) the income represented by a relevant amount shall be treated as not brought into charge to income tax.

(5)In section 701 of that Act (interpretation), after subsection (10), there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(10A)Amounts to which section 699A(1)(a) and (b) applies shall be disregarded in determining whether an estate is a United Kingdom estate or a foreign estate, except that any estate the aggregate income of which comprises only such amounts shall be a United Kingdom estate.

(6)This section has effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

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