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Finance Act 1995

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Part IE+W+S+N.I. Duties of Excise

Alcoholic liquor dutiesE+W+S+N.I.

1 Low-strength wine, made-wine and cider.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The M1Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979 shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 1 (the alcoholic liquors dutiable under the Act) in subsections (4) and (5) (definitions of “wine” and “made-wine”) after the words “any liquor” there shall in both cases be inserted “ which is of a strength exceeding 1.2 per cent and which is ”.

(3)In section 1(6) (definition of “cider”) after the word “strength” there shall be inserted “ exceeding 1.2 per cent but ”.

(4)In section 59(1) (prohibition on rendering wine and made-wine sparkling) for paragraph (b) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(b)is wine or made-wine of a strength exceeding 5.5 per cent..

(5)Subsections (2) and (4) above—

(a)shall apply in relation to liquor imported into, or produced in, the United Kingdom on or after 1st January 1995, and

(b)as regards any provision about liquor removed to the United Kingdom from the Isle of Man, shall also apply in relation to liquor so removed on or after that date.

(6)Subsection (3) above shall apply in relation to liquor imported into, or made in, the United Kingdom on or after 1st January 1995.

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Marginal Citations

2 Wine and made-wine: rates.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the Table of rates of duty in Schedule 1 to the M2Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979 (wine and made-wine) there shall be substituted the Table in Schedule 1 to this Act.

(2)This section shall be deemed to have come into force on 1st January 1995.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 2 in force on 1.1.1995: see s. 2(2).

Marginal Citations

3 Spirits, beer and cider: rates.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 5 of the M3Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979 (spirits) for “£19.81” there shall be substituted “ £20.60 ”.

(2)In section 36(1) of that Act (beer) for “£10.45” there shall be substituted “ £10.82 ”.

(3)In section 62(1) of that Act (cider) for “£22.82” there shall be substituted “ £23.78 ”.

(4)This section shall be deemed to have come into force on 1st January 1995.

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Commencement Information

I2S. 3 in force on 1.1.1995: see s. 3(4).

Marginal Citations

4 Alcoholic ingredients relief.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where any person proves to the satisfaction of the Commissioners that any dutiable alcoholic liquor on which duty has been paid has been—

(a)used as an ingredient in the production or manufacture of a product falling within subsection (2) below, or

(b)converted into vinegar,

he shall be entitled to obtain from the Commissioners the repayment of the duty paid thereon.

(2)The products falling within this subsection are—

(a)any beverage of an alcoholic strength not exceeding 1.2 per cent.,

(b)chocolates for human consumption which contain alcohol such that 100 kilograms of the chocolates would not contain more than 8.5 litres of alcohol, or

(c)any other food for human consumption which contains alcohol such that 100 kilograms of the food would not contain more than 5 litres of alcohol.

(3)A repayment of duty shall not be made under this section in respect of any liquor except to a person who—

(a)is the person who used the liquor as an ingredient in a product falling within subsection (2) above or, as the case may be, who converted it into vinegar;

(b)carries on a business as a wholesale supplier of products of the applicable description falling within that subsection or, as the case may be, of vinegar;

(c)produced or manufactured the product or vinegar for the purposes of that business;

(d)makes a claim for the repayment in accordance with the following provisions of this section; and

(e)satisfies the Commissioners as to the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) above and that the repayment claimed does not relate to any duty which has been repaid or drawn back prior to the making of the claim.

(4)A claim for repayment under this section shall take such form and be made in such manner, and shall contain such particulars, as the Commissioners may direct, either generally or in a particular case.

(5)Except so far as the Commissioners otherwise allow, a person shall not make a claim for a repayment under this section unless—

(a)the claim relates to duty paid on liquor used as an ingredient or, as the case may be, converted into vinegar in the course of a period of three months ending not more than one month before the making of the claim; and

(b)the amount of the repayment which is claimed is not less than £250.

(6)The Commissioners may by order made by statutory instrument increase the amount for the time being specified in subsection (5)(b) above; and a statutory instrument containing an order under this subsection shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons.

(7)There may be remitted by the Commissioners any duty charged either—

(a)on any dutiable alcoholic liquor imported into the United Kingdom at a time when it is contained as an ingredient in any chocolates or food falling within subsection (2)(b) or (c) above; or

(b)on any dutiable alcoholic liquor used as an ingredient in the manufacture or production in an excise warehouse of any such chocolates or food.

(8)This section shall be construed as one with the M4Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979, and references in this section to chocolates or food do not include references to any beverages.

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Marginal Citations

Prospective

5 Denatured alcohol.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The liquors on which duty is charged under the M5Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979 shall not include any denatured alcohol; and any duty so charged on liquor which has become denatured alcohol before the requirement to pay the duty takes effect shall be remitted.

(2)In this section—

  • denatured alcohol” means any dutiable alcoholic liquor which has been subjected to the process of being mixed in the prescribed manner with a prescribed substance; and

  • prescribed” means prescribed by the Commissioners by regulations made by statutory instrument.

(3)The power of the Commissioners to make regulations defining denatured alcohol for the purposes of this section shall include—

(a)power, in prescribing any substance or any manner of mixing a substance with a liquor, to do so by reference to such circumstances or other factors, or to the approval or opinion of such persons (including the authorities of another member State), as they may consider appropriate;

(b)power to make different provision for different cases; and

(c)power to make such supplemental, incidental, consequential and transitional provision as the Commissioners think fit;

and a statutory instrument containing any regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)Sections 14 to 16 of the M6Finance Act 1994 (review and appeals) shall have effect in relation to any decision which—

(a)is made under or for the purposes of any regulations under this section, and

(b)is a decision given to any person as to whether a manner of mixing any substance with any liquor is to be, or to continue to be, approved in his case, or as to the conditions subject to which it is so approved,

as if that decision were a decision specified in Schedule 5 to that Act.

(5)Schedule 2 to this Act (which contains amendments for or in connection with the application to all denatured alcohol of provisions of the Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979 relating to methylated spirits and also makes a consequential amendment of the M7Finance Act 1994) shall have effect.

(6)This section and Schedule 2 to this Act shall come into force on such day as the Commissioners may by order made by statutory instrument appoint, and different days may be appointed under this subsection for different purposes.

(7)An order under subsection (6) above may make such transitional provisions and savings as appear to the Commissioners to be appropriate in connection with the bringing into force by such an order of any provision for any purposes.

(8)This section shall be construed as one with the M8Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979.

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Marginal Citations

Hydrocarbon oil dutiesE+W+S+N.I.

6 Rates of duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 6(1) of the M9Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979 for “£0.3314” (duty on light oil) and “£0.2770” (duty on heavy oil) there shall be substituted “ £0.3526 ” and “ £0.3044 ” respectively.

(2)In section 8 of that Act (duty on road fuel gas) the following subsection shall be substituted for subsections (3) to (5)—

(3)The rate of the duty under this section shall be £0.3314 a kilogram.

(3)In section 11(1) of that Act (rebate on heavy oil) for “£0.0116” (fuel oil) and “£0.0164” (gas oil) there shall be substituted “ £0.0166 ” and “ £0.0214 ” respectively.

(4)In section 14(1) of that Act (rebate on light oil for use as furnace fuel) for “£0.0116” there shall be substituted “ £0.0166 ”.

(5)This section shall be deemed to have come into force at 6 o’clock in the evening of 29th November 1994.

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Commencement Information

I3S. 6 in force at 6 p.m. 29.11.1994: see s. 6(5).

Marginal Citations

7 Rates of duty: further provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 6(1) of the Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979, as amended by section 6 above, for “£0.3526” (duty on light oil) and “£0.3044” (duty on heavy oil) there shall be substituted “ £0.3614 ” and “ £0.3132 ” respectively.

(2)This section shall be deemed to have come into force on 1st January 1995.

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Commencement Information

I4S. 7 in force on 1.1.1995: see s. 7(2).

8 Hydrocarbon oil: “road vehicle”.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In the definition of “road vehicle” in section 27(1) of the Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979 (road vehicle not to include vehicle of a kind specified in Schedule 1) for the words “of a kind specified in Schedule 1 to this Act” there shall be substituted “ which is an excepted vehicle within the meaning given by Schedule 1 to this Act. ”

(2)The following Schedule shall be substituted for Schedule 1 to that Act—

SCHEDULE 1E+W+S+N.I. EXCEPTED VEHICLES
Unlicensed vehicles not used on public roadsE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)A vehicle is an excepted vehicle while—

(a)it is not used on a public road, and

(b)no licence under the M10Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 is in force in respect of it.

(2)A vehicle in respect of which there is current a certificate or document in the form of a licence issued under regulations under section 22(2) of the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 shall be treated for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above as a vehicle in respect of which a licence under that Act is in force.

TractorsE+W+S+N.I.

2(1)A vehicle is an excepted vehicle if it is—

(a)an agricultural tractor, or

(b)an off-road tractor.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “agricultural tractor” means a tractor used on public roads solely for purposes relating to agriculture, horticulture, forestry or activities falling within sub-paragraph (3) below.

(3)The activities falling within this sub-paragraph are—

(a)cutting verges bordering public roads;

(b)cutting hedges or trees bordering public roads or bordering verges which border public roads.

(4)In sub-paragraph (1) above “off-road tractor” means a tractor which is not an agricultural tractor (within the meaning given by sub-paragraph (2) above) and which is—

(a)designed and constructed primarily for use otherwise than on roads, and

(b)incapable by reason of its construction of exceeding a speed of twenty-five miles per hour on the level under its own power.

Light agricultural vehiclesE+W+S+N.I.

3(1)A vehicle is an excepted vehicle if it is a light agricultural vehicle.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “light agricultural vehicle” means a vehicle which—

(a)has a revenue weight not exceeding 1,000 kilograms,

(b)is designed and constructed so as to seat only the driver,

(c)is designed and constructed primarily for use otherwise than on roads, and

(d)is used solely for purposes relating to agriculture, horticulture or forestry.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2)(a) above “revenue weight” has the meaning given by section 60A of the M11Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994.

Agricultural enginesE+W+S+N.I.

4An agricultural engine is an excepted vehicle.

Vehicles used between different parts of landE+W+S+N.I.

5A vehicle is an excepted vehicle if—

(a)it is used only for purposes relating to agriculture, horticulture or forestry,

(b)it is used on public roads only in passing between different areas of land occupied by the same person, and

(c)the distance it travels on public roads in passing between any two such areas does not exceed 1.5 kilometres.

Mowing machinesE+W+S+N.I.

6A mowing machine is an excepted vehicle.

Snow clearing vehiclesE+W+S+N.I.

7A vehicle is an excepted vehicle when it is—

(a)being used, or

(b)going to or from the place where it is to be or has been used,

for the purpose of clearing snow from public roads by means of a snow plough or similar device (whether or not forming part of the vehicle).

GrittersE+W+S+N.I.

8A vehicle is an excepted vehicle if it is constructed or adapted, and used, solely for the conveyance of machinery for spreading material on roads to deal with frost, ice or snow (with or without articles or material used for the purposes of the machinery).

Mobile cranesE+W+S+N.I.

9(1)A mobile crane is an excepted vehicle.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “mobile crane” means a vehicle which is designed and constructed as a mobile crane and which—

(a)is used on public roads only as a crane in connection with work carried on at a site in the immediate vicinity or for the purpose of proceeding to and from a place where it is to be or has been used as a crane, and

(b)when so proceeding does not carry any load except such as is necessary for its propulsion or equipment.

Digging machinesE+W+S+N.I.

10(1)A digging machine is an excepted vehicle.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “digging machine” means a vehicle which is designed, constructed and used for the purpose of trench digging, or any kind of excavating or shovelling work, and which—

(a)is used on public roads only for that purpose or for the purpose of proceeding to and from the place where it is to be or has been used for that purpose, and

(b)when so proceeding does not carry any load except such as is necessary for its propulsion or equipment.

Works trucksE+W+S+N.I.

11(1)A works truck is an excepted vehicle.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “works truck” means a goods vehicle which is designed for use in private premises and is used on public roads only—

(a)for carrying goods between private premises and a vehicle on a road within one kilometre of those premises,

(b)in passing from one part of private premises to another,

(c)in passing between private premises and other private premises in a case where the premises are within one kilometre of each other, or

(d)in connection with road works at the site of the works or within one kilometre of the site of the works.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2) above “goods vehicle” means a vehicle constructed or adapted for use and used for the conveyance of goods or burden of any description, whether in the course of trade or not.

Road construction vehiclesE+W+S+N.I.

12(1)A vehicle is an excepted vehicle if it is—

(a)a road construction vehicle, and

(b)used or kept solely for the conveyance of built-in road construction machinery (with or without articles or material used for the purposes of the machinery).

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “road construction vehicle” means a vehicle—

(a)which is constructed or adapted for use for the conveyance of built-in road construction machinery, and

(b)which is not constructed or adapted for the conveyance of any other load except articles and material used for the purposes of such machinery.

(3)In sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) above “built-in road construction machinery”, in relation to a vehicle, means road construction machinery built in as part of, or permanently attached to, the vehicle.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) above “road construction machinery” means a machine or device suitable for use for the construction or repair of roads and used for no purpose other than the construction or repair of roads.

Road rollersE+W+S+N.I.

13A road roller is an excepted vehicle.

InterpretationE+W+S+N.I.

14In this Schedule “public road” means a road which is repairable at the public expense.

(3)This section shall come into force on 1st July 1995.

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Commencement Information

I5S. 8 in force on 1.7.1995: see s. 8(3).

Marginal Citations

9 Road fuel gas: old stock.E+W+S+N.I.

In section 8 of the M12Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979 (road fuel gas) subsection (7) (no charge on use of gas if delivered or stocked before 3rd July 1972) shall be omitted.

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Marginal Citations

Tobacco products dutyE+W+S+N.I.

10 Rates of duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the Table of rates of duty in Schedule 1 to the M13Tobacco Products Duty Act 1979 there shall be substituted—

TABLE
1. CigarettesAn amount equal to 20 per cent. of the retail price plus £55.58 per thousand cigarettes.
2. Cigars£82.56 per kilogram.
3. Hand-rolling tobacco£85.94 per kilogram.
4. Other smoking tobacco and chewing tobacco£36.30 per kilogram.

(2)This section shall be deemed to have come into force at 6 o’clock in the evening of 29th November 1994.

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Commencement Information

I6S. 10 in force at 6 p.m. 29.11.1994: see s. 10(2).

Marginal Citations

11 Rates of duty: further provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the Table of rates of duty in Schedule 1 to the M14Tobacco Products Duty Act 1979, as substituted by section 10 above, there shall be substituted—

TABLE
1. CigarettesAn amount equal to 20 per cent. of the retail price plus £57.64 per thousand cigarettes.
2. Cigars£85.61 per kilogram.
3. Hand-rolling tobacco£85.94 per kilogram.
4. Other smoking tobacco and chewing tobacco£37.64 per kilogram.

(2)This section shall be deemed to have come into force on 1st January 1995.

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Commencement Information

I7S. 11 in force on 1.1.1995: see s. 11(2).

Marginal Citations

Pool betting dutyE+W+S+N.I.

12 Pool betting duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 7(1) of the M15Betting and Gaming Duties Act 1981 (which specifies 37.50 per cent. as the rate of pool betting duty) for “37.50 per cent.” there shall be substituted “ 32.50 per cent. ”

(2)This section shall apply in relation to any pool betting duty the requirement to pay which takes effect on or after 6th May 1995.

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Marginal Citations

Gaming machine licence dutyE+W+S+N.I.

13 Rates of duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In the M16Betting and Gaming Duties Act 1981 for the Table set out at the end of section 23 (amount of duty) there shall be substituted—

TABLE
(1) Period (in months) for which licence granted(2) Small prize or five-penny machines(3) Other machines
££
160150
2105275
3155400
4205520
5250645
6295755
7340880
83901,005
94351,115
104801,235
115101,305
125351,375

(2)This section shall apply in relation to any gaming machine licence for which an application is made on or after 1st December 1994.

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Marginal Citations

14 Extension of duty to amusement machines.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 3 to this Act (which contains amendments for or in connection with the application of the provisions of the M17Betting and Gaming Duties Act 1981 relating to gaming machine licence duty to amusement machines that are not gaming machines and also makes a consequential amendment of the M18Customs and Excise Management Act 1979) shall have effect.

(2)Schedule 3 to this Act shall have effect (subject to subsection (3) below) in relation only to the provision of a machine at a time on or after 1st November 1995 and to licences for periods beginning on or after that date and the duty on such licences.

(3)Where a gaming machine licence has been granted before 1st November 1995 for a period ending on or after that date, that licence shall have effect on and after that date, for so long as it remains in force, as an amusement machine licence authorising the provision, in accordance with the licence, of the machines the provision of which was authorised by the licence immediately before that date.

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Marginal Citations

Air passenger dutyE+W+S+N.I.

15 Rates of duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 30 of the M19Finance Act 1994 (rate of air passenger duty) shall be deemed to have been enacted with the following modifications.

(2)The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (2) (£5 if journey ends in member State or territory for whose external relations it is responsible)—

(2)The rate is £5 if that place is in the area specified in subsection (3) below and in—

(a)the United Kingdom or another EEA State, or

(b)any territory for whose external relations the United Kingdom or another member State is responsible.

(3)The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (8)—

(9)In this section “EEA State” means a State which is a Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement but until the EEA Agreement comes into force in relation to Liechtenstein does not include the State of Liechtenstein; and “EEA Agreement” here means the Agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992 as adjusted by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993.

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Marginal Citations

16 Assessment of interest on duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Schedule 6 to the M20Finance Act 1994 (air passenger duty: administration and enforcement) after paragraph 11 there shall be inserted—

Assessment of interest

11A(1)Where by virtue of paragraph 7 above duty due from any person for an accounting period carries interest, the Commissioners may assess that person to an amount of interest in accordance with this paragraph.

(2)Notice of the assessment shall be given to the person liable for the interest or a representative of his.

(3)The amount of the interest shall be calculated by reference to a period ending on a date (“the due date”) no later than the date of the notice.

(4)The notice shall specify—

(a)the amount of the duty which carries the interest assessed (“the specified duty”);

(b)the amount of the interest assessed (“the specified interest”);

(c)the due date; and

(d)a date by which that amount is required to be paid (“the payment date”).

(5)Sub-paragraphs (6) and (7) below apply where the specified duty or any part of it is unpaid on the date of the notice.

(6)If the unpaid amount or any part of it is paid by the payment date, the payment shall be treated for the purposes of paragraph 7 above as made on the due date.

(7)To the extent that the unpaid amount is not paid by the payment date, an assessment may be made under this paragraph in respect of any interest on the unpaid amount which accrues after the due date.

(8)For the purposes of sub-paragraphs (6) and (7) above, a payment—

(a)which purports to be a payment of the unpaid amount or any part of it, but

(b)which is insufficient to discharge both the liability to pay the unpaid amount and the liability to pay the specified interest,

shall be treated as made in discharge (or partial discharge) of the liability to pay the specified interest before it is treated as discharging to any extent the liability to pay the unpaid amount.

(9)A notice of interest assessed under this paragraph may be combined in one document with notification of an assessment under section 12 of this Act which relates to the specified duty.

(10)A notice which is so combined must comply with the requirements of this paragraph which relate to a notice which is not so combined.

(11)The specified interest shall be recoverable as if it were duty due from the person assessed to that interest.

(12)For the purposes of this paragraph a person is a representative of another if—

(a)he is that other’s personal representative;

(b)he is that other’s trustee in bankruptcy or is a receiver or liquidator appointed in relation to that other or in relation to any of his property; or

(c)he is a person acting in some other representative capacity in relation to that other.

(2)In Schedule 5 to the 1994 Act (decisions subject to review and appeal) in paragraph 9 (decisions under Chapter IV of Part I of that Act) the word “and” immediately preceding sub-paragraph (d) shall be omitted and after that sub-paragraph there shall be inserted—

(e)any decision with respect to the amount of any interest specified in an assessment under paragraph 11A of Schedule 6;.

(3)In section 16 of the 1994 Act (appeals to a tribunal) at the beginning of subsection (8) (meaning of “ancillary matter” for the purposes of that section) there shall be inserted “ Subject to subsection (9) below ” and after that subsection there shall be inserted—

(9)References in this section to a decision as to an ancillary matter do not include a reference to a decision of a description specified in paragraph 9(e) of Schedule 5 to this Act.

(10)Nothing in this section shall be taken to confer on an appeal tribunal any power to vary an amount of interest specified in an assessment under paragraph 11A of Schedule 6 to this Act except in so far as it is necessary to reduce it to the amount which is appropriate under paragraph 7 of that Schedule.

(4)This section shall apply in relation to accounting periods ending on or after 1st January 1995.

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Marginal Citations

17 Preferential debts.E+W+S+N.I.

In section 386(1) of the M21Insolvency Act 1986 (categories of preferential debts) and in Article 346(1) of the M22Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (equivalent provision for Northern Ireland) after “lottery duty” there shall be inserted “ , air passenger duty ”.

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Marginal Citations

Vehicle excise dutyE+W+S+N.I.

18 Increased rates on 30th November 1994.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 1 to the M23Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994 (annual rates of duty) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In paragraph 1(b) (rate for vehicle constructed after 1946 and for which no other rate is specified) for “£130” there shall be substituted “ £135 ”.

(3)In paragraph 3(1)(a) (rate for hackney carriage with seating capacity under nine) for “£130” there shall be substituted “ £135 ”.

(4)In paragraph 10 (trailer supplement)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (2) for “£130” there shall be substituted “ £135 ”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (3) for “£360” there shall be substituted “ £370 ”.

(5)This section shall apply in relation to licences taken out on or after 30th November 1994.

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Marginal Citations

19 Vehicle excise and registration: other provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 4 to this Act (which contains other provisions relating to vehicle excise and registration) shall have effect.

Recovery of overpaid dutyE+W+S+N.I.

20 Recovery of overpaid excise duty.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Part X of the M24Customs and Excise Management Act 1979, after section 137 (recovery of duties, &c.) insert—

137A Recovery of overpaid excise duty.

(1)Where a person pays to the Commissioners an amount by way of excise duty which is not due to them, the Commissioners are liable to repay that amount.

(2)The Commissioners shall not be required to make any such repayment unless a claim is made to them in such form, and supported by such documentary evidence, as may be prescribed by them by regulations; and regulations under this subsection may make different provision for different cases.

(3)It is a defence to a claim for repayment that the repayment would unjustly enrich the claimant.

(4)No claim for repayment may be made after the expiry of the period of six years beginning with the date of the payment or, if later, the date on which the claimant (or, where the right to repayment has been assigned or otherwise transmitted, any predecessor in title of his) discovered, or could with reasonable diligence have discovered, that the amount was not due.

(5)Except as provided by this section the Commissioners are not liable to repay an amount paid to them by way of excise duty by reason of the fact that it was not due to them..

(2)In section 17(5) of the M25Customs and Excise Management Act 1979, after paragraph (b) (restriction on repayment of sums overpaid in error) insert—

Paragraph (b) above does not apply to a claim for repayment under section 137A below..

(3)Section 29 of the M26Finance Act 1989 (recovery of overpaid excise duty and car tax) shall cease to have effect so far as it relates to excise duty.

(4)In section 14(1) of the M27Finance Act 1994 (decisions subject to review and appeal), after paragraph (b) insert—

(bb)any decision of the Commissioners on a claim under section 137A of the Customs and Excise Management Act 1979 for repayment of excise duty;.

(5)The provisions of this section have effect in relation to payments made on or after such date as the Commissioners of Customs and Excise may appoint by order made by statutory instrument.

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Commencement Information

I8S. 20 in force at Royal Assent but shall have effect in relation to payments made on or after 1.12.1995 by S.I. 1995/2892, art. 2

Marginal Citations

Part IIE+W+S+N.I. Value Added Tax and Insurance Premium Tax

Value added taxE+W+S+N.I.

F121. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 21 repealed (11.5.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 99(7) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 9, s. 110, Sch. 33 Pt. 3(1), Note 2

22 Imported works of art, antiques, etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (1) of section 21 of the M28Value Added Tax Act 1994 (value of imported goods), for “and (3)” there shall be substituted “ to (4) ”; and after subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(4)For the purposes of this Act, the value of any goods falling within subsection (5) below which are imported from a place outside the member States shall be taken to be an amount equal to 14.29 per cent. of the amount which, apart from this subsection, would be their value for those purposes.

(5)The goods which fall within this subsection are—

(a)any work of art which was obtained by any person before 1st April 1973 otherwise than by his producing it himself or by succession on the death of the person who produced it;

(b)any work of art which was—

(i)exported from the United Kingdom before 1st April 1973,

(ii)exported from the United Kingdom on or after that date and before 1st January 1993 by a person who, had he supplied it in the United Kingdom at the date when it was exported, would not have had to account for VAT on the full value of the supply, or

(iii)exported from the United Kingdom on or after 1st January 1993 by such a person to a place which, at the time, was outside the member States,

being, in each case, a work of art which has not been imported between the time when it was exported and the importation in question;

(c)any antique more than one hundred years old, being neither a work of art nor pearls or loose gem stones; and

(d)collectors’ pieces of zoological, botanical, mineralogical, anatomical, historical, archaeological, paleontological or ethnographic interest.

(6)In this section “work of art” means goods falling within any of the following descriptions, that is to say—

(a)paintings, drawings and pastels executed by hand but not comprised in manufactured articles that have been hand-painted or hand-decorated;

(b)original engravings, lithographs and other prints;

(c)original sculptures and statuary, in any material.

(7)An order under section 2(2) may contain provision making such alteration of the percentage for the time being specified in subsection (4) above as the Treasury consider appropriate in consequence of any increase or decrease by that order of the rate of VAT.

(2)This section shall have effect in relation to goods imported at any time on or after the day on which this Act is passed.

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Marginal Citations

23 Agents acting in their own names.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (1) of section 47 of the M29Value Added Tax Act 1994 (agents etc.), for “the goods may” there shall be substituted “ then, if the taxable person acts in relation to the supply in his own name, the goods shall ”.

(2)After subsection (2) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(2A)Where, in the case of any supply of goods to which subsection (1) above does not apply, goods are supplied through an agent who acts in his own name, the supply shall be treated both as a supply to the agent and as a supply by the agent.

(3)In subsection (3) of that section, the words “goods or” shall be omitted.

(4)This section shall have effect—

(a)so far as it amends section 47(1) of that Act, in relation to goods acquired or imported on or after the day on which this Act is passed; and

(b)for other purposes, in relation to any supply taking place on or after that day.

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Marginal Citations

24 Margin schemes.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 50 of the M30Value Added Tax Act 1994 there shall be inserted the following section—

50A Margin schemes.

(1)The Treasury may by order provide, in relation to any such description of supplies to which this section applies as may be specified in the order, for a taxable person to be entitled to opt that, where he makes supplies of that description, VAT is to be charged by reference to the profit margin on the supplies, instead of by reference to their value.

(2)This section applies to the following supplies, that is to say—

(a)supplies of works of art, antiques or collectors’ items;

(b)supplies of motor vehicles;

(c)supplies of second-hand goods; and

(d)any supply of goods through a person who acts as an agent, but in his own name, in relation to the supply.

(3)An option for the purposes of an order under this section shall be exercisable, and may be withdrawn, in such manner as may be required by such an order.

(4)Subject to subsection (7) below, the profit margin on a supply to which this section applies shall be taken, for the purposes of an order under this section, to be equal to the amount (if any) by which the price at which the person making the supply obtained the goods in question is exceeded by the price at which he supplies them.

(5)For the purposes of this section the price at which a person has obtained any goods and the price at which he supplies them shall each be calculated in accordance with the provisions contained in an order under this section; and such an order may, in particular, make provision stipulating the extent to which any VAT charged on a supply, acquisition or importation of any goods is to be treated as included in the price at which those goods have been obtained or are supplied.

(6)An order under this section may provide that the consideration for any services supplied in connection with a supply of goods by a person who acts as an agent, but in his own name, in relation to the supply of the goods is to be treated for the purposes of any such order as an amount to be taken into account in computing the profit margin on the supply of the goods, instead of being separately chargeable to VAT as comprised in the value of the services supplied.

(7)An order under this section may provide for the total profit margin on all the goods of a particular description supplied by a person in any prescribed accounting period to be calculated by—

(a)aggregating all the prices at which that person obtained goods of that description in that period together with any amount carried forward to that period in pursuance of paragraph (d) below;

(b)aggregating all the prices at which he supplies goods of that description in that period;

(c)treating the total profit margin on goods supplied in that period as being equal to the amount (if any) by which, for that period, the aggregate calculated in pursuance of paragraph (a) above is exceeded by the aggregate calculated in pursuance of paragraph (b) above; and

(d)treating any amount by which, for that period, the aggregate calculated in pursuance of paragraph (b) above is exceeded by the aggregate calculated in pursuance of paragraph (a) above as an amount to be carried forward to the following prescribed accounting period so as to be included, for the period to which it is carried forward, in any aggregate falling to be calculated in pursuance of paragraph (a) above.

(8)An order under this section may—

(a)make different provision for different cases; and

(b)make provisions of the order subject to such general or special directions as may, in accordance with the order, be given by the Commissioners with respect to any matter to which the order relates.

(2)Section 32 of that Act (relief on supply of certain second-hand goods) shall cease to have effect on such day as the Commissioners of Customs and Excise may by order made by statutory instrument appoint.

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Marginal Citations

25 Groups of companies.E+W+S+N.I.

(1) Section 43 of the M31Value Added Tax Act 1994 (groups of companies) shall be amended as follows.

(2)[F2After subsection (1) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(1A)Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above shall not apply in relation to any supply of goods or services by one member of a group to another unless both the body making the supply and the body supplied continue to be members of that group until—

(a)in the case of a supply of goods which are to be removed in pursuance of the supply, a time after the removal;

(b)in the case of any other supply of goods, a time after the goods have been made available, in pursuance of the supply, to the body supplied; or

(c)in the case of a supply of services, a time after the services have been performed.;]

and in subsection (1)(b), for “other supply” there shall be substituted “ supply which is a supply to which paragraph (a) above does not apply and is a supply ”.

(3)In subsection (5) (applications to be treated or to cease to be treated as members of a group etc.), for the words after paragraph (d) there shall be substituted—

unless the Commissioners refuse the application under subsection (5A) below.

(4)After subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)If it appears to the Commissioners necessary to do so for the protection of the revenue, they may—

(a)refuse any application made to the effect mentioned in paragraph (a) or (c) of subsection (5) above; or

(b)refuse any application made to the effect mentioned in paragraph (b) or (d) of that subsection in a case that does not appear to them to fall within subsection (6) below.

(5)Subsection (2) above has effect in relation to—

(a)any supply made on or after 1st March 1995, and

(b)any supply made before that date in the case of which both the body making the supply and the body supplied continued to be members of the group in question until at least that date,

and subsections (3) and (4) above have effect in relation to applications made on or after the day on which this Act is passed.

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Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 25(2) repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in s. 31(5) of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. IV(5)

Marginal Citations

Prospective

26 Co-owners etc. of buildings and land.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 51 of the M32Value Added Tax Act 1994 there shall be inserted the following section—

51A Co-owners etc. of buildings and land.

(1)This section applies to a supply consisting in the grant, assignment or surrender of any interest in or right over land in a case where there is more than one person by whom the grant, assignment or surrender is made or treated as made; and for this purpose—

(a)a licence to occupy land, and

(b)in relation to land in Scotland, a personal right to call for or be granted any interest or right in or over land,

shall be taken to be a right over land.

(2)The persons who make or are treated as making a supply to which this section applies (“the grantors”) shall be treated, in relation to that supply and in relation to any other such supply with respect to which the grantors are the same, as a single person (“the property-owner”) who is distinct from each of the grantors individually.

(3)Registration under this Act of the property-owner shall be in the name of the grantors acting together as a property-owner.

(4)The grantors shall be jointly and severally liable in respect of the obligations falling by virtue of this section on the property-owner.

(5)Any notice, whether of assessment or otherwise, which is addressed to the property-owner by the name in which the property-owner is registered and is served on any of the grantors in accordance with this Act shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as served on the property-owner.

(6)Where there is any change in some, but not all, of the persons who are for the time being to be treated as the grantors in relation to any supply to which this section applies—

(a)that change shall be disregarded for the purposes of this section in relation to any prescribed accounting period beginning before the change is notified in the prescribed manner to the Commissioners; and

(b)any notice (whether of assessment or otherwise) which is served, at any time after such a notification, on the property-owner for the time being shall, so far as it relates to, or to any matter arising in, such a period, be treated for the purposes of this Act as served on whoever was the property-owner in that period.

(2)Paragraph 8 of Schedule 10 to that Act (persons to whom the benefit of consideration for the grant of an interest accrues to be treated as person making the grant) shall become sub-paragraph (1) of that paragraph, and after that sub-paragraph there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraphs—

(2)Where the consideration for the grant of an interest in, right over or licence to occupy land is such that its provision is enforceable primarily—

(a)by the person who, as owner of an interest or right in or over that land, actually made the grant, or

(b)by another person in his capacity as the owner for the time being of that interest or right or of any other interest or right in or over that land,

that person, and not any person (other than that person) to whom a benefit accrues by virtue of his being a beneficiary under a trust relating to the land, or the proceeds of sale of any land, shall be taken for the purposes of this paragraph to be the person to whom the benefit of the consideration accrues.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) above shall not apply to the extent that the Commissioners, on an application made in the prescribed manner jointly by—

(a)the person who (apart from this sub-paragraph) would be taken under that sub-paragraph to be the person to whom the benefit of the consideration accrues, and

(b)all the persons for the time being in existence who, as beneficiaries under such a trust as is mentioned in that sub-paragraph, are persons who have or may become entitled to or to a share of the consideration, or for whose benefit any of it is to be or may be applied,

may direct that the benefit of the consideration is to be treated for the purposes of this paragraph as a benefit accruing to the persons falling within paragraph (b) above, and not (unless he also falls within paragraph (b) above) to the person falling within paragraph (a) above.

(3)This section shall come into force on such day as the Commissioners of Customs and Excise may by order made by statutory instrument appoint, and different days may be appointed under this subsection for different purposes.

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Marginal Citations

27 Set-off of credits.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 81 of the M33Value Added Tax Act 1994 (which includes provision as to the setting off of credits) shall be amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (4) there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(4A)Subsection (3) above shall not require any such amount as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection (“the credit”) to be set against any such sum as is mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection (“the debit”) in any case where—

(a)an insolvency procedure has been applied to the person entitled to the credit;

(b)the credit became due after that procedure was so applied; and

(c)the liability to pay the debit either arose before that procedure was so applied or (having arisen afterwards) relates to, or to matters occurring in the course of, the carrying on of any business at times before the procedure was so applied.

(4B)Subject to subsection (4C) below, the following are the times when an insolvency procedure is to be taken, for the purposes of this section, to be applied to any person, that is to say—

(a)when a bankruptcy order, winding-up order, adminis-tration order or award of sequestration is made in relation to that person;

(b)when that person is put into administrative receivership;

(c)when that person, being a corporation, passes a resolution for voluntary winding up;

(d)when any voluntary arrangement approved in accordance with Part I or VIII of the Insolvency Act 1986, or Part II or Chapter II of Part VIII of the M34Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, comes into force in relation to that person;

(e)when a deed of arrangement registered in accordance with the M35Deeds of Arrangement Act 1914 or Chapter I of Part VIII of that Order of 1989 takes effect in relation to that person;

(f)when that person’s estate becomes vested in any other person as that person’s trustee under a trust deed.

(4C)In this section references, in relation to any person, to the application of an insolvency procedure to that person shall not include—

(a)the making of a bankruptcy order, winding-up order, administration order or award of sequestration at a time when any such arrangement or deed as is mentioned in subsection (4B)(d) to (f) above is in force in relation to that person;

(b)the making of a winding-up order at any of the following times, that is to say—

(i)immediately upon the discharge of an administration order made in relation to that person;

(ii)when that person is being wound up voluntarily;

(iii)when that person is in administrative receivership;

or

(c)the making of an administration order in relation to that person at any time when that person is in administrative receivership.

(4D)For the purposes of this section a person shall be regarded as being in administrative receivership throughout any continuous period for which (disregarding any temporary vacancy in the office of receiver) there is an administrative receiver of that person, and the reference in subsection (4B) above to a person being put into administrative receivership shall be construed accordingly.

(3)In subsection (5) (definitions), for “subsection (4) above” there shall be substituted “ this section ”.

(4)This section shall have effect in relation to amounts becoming due from the Commissioners of Customs and Excise at times on or after the day on which this Act is passed.

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Marginal Citations

28 Transactions treated as supplies for purposes of zero-rating etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 30 of the M36Value Added Tax Act 1994 (zero-rated supplies) for subsection (5) (transactions described in Schedule 8 to the Act to be treated as supplies) there shall be substituted—

(5)The export of any goods by a charity to a place outside the member States shall for the purposes of this Act be treated as a supply made by the charity—

(a)in the United Kingdom, and

(b)in the course or furtherance of a business carried on by the charity.

(2)This section shall have effect in relation to transactions occurring on or after the day on which this Act is passed.

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Marginal Citations

29 Goods removed from warehousing regime.E+W+S+N.I.

In section 18 of the M37Value Added Tax Act 1994 (place and time of acquisition or supply of goods subject to warehousing regime) for subsection (5) (regulations about payment of VAT on supply of such goods) there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(5)The Commissioners may by regulations make provision for enabling a taxable person to pay the VAT he is required to pay by virtue of paragraph (b) of subsection (4) above at a time later than that provided for by that paragraph.

(5A)Regulations under subsection (5) above may in particular make provision for either or both of the following—

(a)for the taxable person to pay the VAT together with the VAT chargeable on other supplies by him of goods and services;

(b)for the taxable person to pay the VAT together with any duty of excise deferment of which has been granted to him under section 127A of the M38Customs and Excise Management Act 1979;

and they may make different provision for different descriptions of taxable person and for different descriptions of goods.

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Marginal Citations

30 Fuel supplied for private use.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 57 of the M39Value Added Tax Act 1994 (determination of consideration for fuel supplied for private use) shall be amended as follows.

(2)The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (1)—

(1A)Where the prescribed accounting period is a period of 12 months, the consideration appropriate to any vehicle is that specified in relation to a vehicle of the appropriate description in the second column of Table A below.

(3)In subsection (2) (consideration where prescribed accounting period is period of 3 months) for “second” there shall be substituted “ third ”.

(4)In subsection (3) (consideration where prescribed accounting period is period of one month) for “third” there shall be substituted “ fourth ”.

(5)The following Table shall be substituted for Table A—

TABLE A
Description of vehicle (Type of engine and cylinder capacity in cubic centimetres)12 month period3 month period1 month period
£££
Diesel engine 2000 or less60515150
More than 200078019565
Any other type of engine 1400 or less67016755
More than 1400 but not more than 200085021270
More than 20001260315105

(6)This section shall apply in relation to prescribed accounting periods beginning on or after 6th April 1995.

(7)Nothing in this section shall be taken to prejudice any practice by which the consideration appropriate to a vehicle is arrived at where a prescribed accounting period beginning before 6th April 1995 is a period of 12 months.

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Marginal Citations

31 Appeals: payment of amounts shown in returns.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 84(2) of the M40Value Added Tax Act 1994 (appeal not to be entertained unless amounts shown in returns paid, except in certain cases) the words “, except in the case of an appeal against a decision with respect to the matter mentioned in section 83(l),” shall be omitted.

(2)This section shall apply in relation to appeals brought after the day on which this Act is passed.

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Marginal Citations

32 Penalties for failure to notify etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 67 of the M41Value Added Tax Act 1994 (failure to notify and unauthorised issue of invoices) in subsection (4) (the specified percentage)—

(a)in paragraph (a) for “10 per cent.” there shall be substituted “ 5 per cent. ”;

(b)in paragraph (b) for “20 per cent.” there shall be substituted “ 10 per cent. ”; and

(c)in paragraph (c) for “30 per cent.” there shall be substituted “ 15 per cent. ”

(2)Section 15(3A) of the Finance Act 1985 (provision which is repealed by the M421994 Act and which corresponds to section 67(4)) shall have effect subject to the amendments made by subsection (1) above.

(3)Subject to subsection (4) below, subsections (1) and (2) above shall apply where a penalty is assessed on or after 1st January 1995.

(4)Subsections (1) and (2) above shall not apply in the case of a supplementary assessment if the original assessment was made before 1st January 1995.

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Marginal Citations

33 Correction of consolidation errors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The M43Value Added Tax Act 1994 shall have effect, and be deemed always to have had effect, as if it had been enacted as follows.

[F3(2)Section 35(1) (refund of VAT to persons constructing certain buildings) shall be deemed to have been enacted with the word “building” substituted for the word “ dwelling ” in each place where it occurs.]

(3)Paragraph 5(5) and (6)(b) of Schedule 4 and paragraph 7(b) of Schedule 6 (which contain references to paragraph 5(3) of Schedule 4 which should be references to paragraph 5(4) of that Schedule) shall be deemed to have been enacted—

(a)in the case of paragraph 5(5) and (6)(b), with “sub-paragraph (4) above” substituted for “ sub-paragraph (3) above ”, in each case; and

(b)in the case of paragraph 7(b), with “paragraph 5(4)” substituted for “ paragraph 5(3) ”.

(4)In paragraph 9 of Schedule 13 (which contains transitional provisions relating to bad debt relief), the following sub-paragraph shall be deemed to have been enacted instead of sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph, that is to say—

(2)Claims for refunds of VAT shall not be made in accordance with section 36 of this Act in relation to—

(a)any supply made before 1st April 1989; or

(b)any supply as respects which a claim is or has been made under section 22 of the 1983 Act.

(5)In paragraph 13 of Schedule 14 (consequential amendment of the M44Finance Act 1994), the following sub-paragraph shall be deemed to have been enacted instead of sub-paragraph (a) of that paragraph, that is to say—

(a)in subsection (4) for “25 and 29 of the Finance Act 1985” and “40 of the Value Added Tax Act 1983” there shall be substituted, respectively, “85 and 87 of the Value Added Tax Act 1994” and “83 of that Act”;.

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Amendments (Textual)

F3S. 33(2) repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in s. 30(4) of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. IV(4)

Marginal Citations

Insurance premium taxE+W+S+N.I.

34 Insurance premium tax.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 5 to this Act (which relates to insurance premium tax) shall have effect.

Part IIIE+W+S+N.I. Income Tax, Corporation Tax and Capital Gains Tax

Income tax: charge, rates and reliefsE+W+S+N.I.

35 Charge and rates of income tax for 1995-96.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Income tax shall be charged for the year 1995-96, and for that year—

(a)the lower rate shall be 20 per cent.,

(b)the basic rate shall be 25 per cent., and

(c)the higher rate shall be 40 per cent.

(2)For the year 1995-96 section 1(2) of the Taxes Act 1988 shall apply as if the amount specified in paragraph (aa) were £3,200 (the lower rate limit); and accordingly section 1(4) of that Act (indexation) so far as relating to that paragraph shall not apply for the year 1995-96.

36 Personal allowance.E+W+S+N.I.

Section 257 of the Taxes Act 1988 (personal allowance) shall apply for the year 1995-96 as if—

(a)the amount specified in subsection (2) (persons of 65 or upwards) were £4,630, and

(b)the amount specified in subsection (3) (persons of 75 or upwards) were £4,800;

and accordingly section 257C(1) of that Act (indexation) so far as relating to section 257(2) and (3) shall not apply for the year 1995-96.

Corporation tax: charge and rateE+W+S+N.I.

37 Charge and rate of corporation tax for 1995.E+W+S+N.I.

Corporation tax shall be charged for the financial year 1995 at the rate of 33 per cent.

38 Small companies.E+W+S+N.I.

For the financial year 1995—

(a)the small companies’ rate shall be 25 per cent., and

(b)the fraction mentioned in section 13(2) of the Taxes Act 1988 (marginal relief for small companies) shall be one fiftieth.

Taxation of income from landE+W+S+N.I.

F439 Income chargeable under Schedule A.E+W+S+N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 39 repealed (31.7.1998 with effect as mentioned in s. 38(2)(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165(1), Sch. 27 Pt. III(4) Note

40 Non-residents and their representatives.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The following section shall be inserted after section 42 of the Taxes Act 1988—

42A Non-residents and their representatives.

(1)The Board may by regulations make provision for the charging, assessment, collection and recovery on or from prescribed persons falling within subsection (2) below of prescribed amounts in respect of the tax which is or may become chargeable under Schedule A on the income of any person who has his usual place of abode outside the United Kingdom (“the non-resident”).

(2)A person falls within this subsection if he is—

(a)a person by whom any such sums are payable to the non-resident as fall, or would fall, to be treated as receipts of a Schedule A business carried on by the non-resident; or

(b)a person who acts on behalf of the non-resident in connection with the management or administration of any such business.

(3)A person on whom any obligation to make payments to the Board is imposed by regulations under this section shall be entitled—

(a)to be indemnified by the non-resident for all such payments; and

(b)to retain, out of any sums otherwise due from him to the non-resident, or received by him on behalf of the non-resident, amounts sufficient for meeting any liabilities under the regulations to make payments to the Board which have been discharged by that person or to which he is subject.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of the preceding provisions of this section, regulations under this section may include any or all of the following provisions, that is to say—

(a)provision for the amount of any payment to be made to the Board in respect of the tax on any income to be calculated by reference to such factors as may be prescribed;

(b)provision for the determination in accordance with any such regulations of the period for which, the circumstances in which and the times at which any payments are to be made to the Board;

(c)provision for requiring the payment of interest on amounts which are not paid to the Board at the times required under any such regulations;

(d)provision as to the certificates to be given in prescribed circumstances to the non-resident by a person falling within subsection (2) above, and as to the particulars to be included in any such certificate;

(e)provision for the making of repayments of tax to the non-resident and for such repayments to be made in prescribed cases to persons falling within subsection (2) above;

(f)provision for the payment of interest by the Board on sums repaid under any such regulations;

(g)provision for the rights and obligations arising under any such regulations to depend on the giving of such notices and the making of such claims and determinations as may be prescribed;

(h)provision for the making and determination of applications for requirements of any such regulations not to apply in certain cases, and for the variation or revocation, in prescribed cases, of the determinations made on such applications;

(i)provision for appeals with respect to questions arising under any such regulations;

(j)provision requiring prescribed persons falling within subsection (2)(b) above to register with the Board;

(k)provision requiring persons registered with the Board and other prescribed persons falling within subsection (2) above to make returns and supply prescribed information to the Board and to make available prescribed books, documents and other records for inspection on behalf of the Board;

(l)provision for the partnership, as such, to be treated as the person falling within subsection (2) above in a case where a liability to make any payment under the regulations arises from amounts payable or things done in the course of a business carried on by any persons in partnership;

(m)provision which, in relation to payments to be made by virtue of this section in respect of any tax or to any sums retained in respect of such payments, applies (with or without modifications) any enactment or subordinate legislation having effect apart from this section with respect to cases in which tax is or is treated as deducted from any income.

(5)Interest required to be paid by any regulations under this section shall be paid without deduction of tax and shall not be taken into account in computing any income, profits or losses for any tax purposes.

(6)Regulations under this section may—

(a)make different provision for different cases; and

(b)contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential and transitional provision as appears to the Board to be appropriate;

and the provision that may be made by virtue of paragraph (b) above may include provision which, in connection with any other provision made by any such regulations, modifies the operation in any case of section 59A of the Management Act or Schedule 21 to the Finance Act 1995 (payments on account of income tax).

(7)In this section—

  • prescribed” means prescribed by, or determined by an officer of the Board in accordance with, regulations made by the Board under this section; and

  • subordinate legislation” has the same meaning as in the M45Interpretation Act 1978.

(8)This section shall have effect—

(a)as if references in this section to a Schedule A business included references to any activities which would be comprised in a Schedule A business if they were carried on by an individual, rather than by a company; and

(b)in relation to companies that carry on such activities, as if the reference in subsection (1) above to tax which is or may become chargeable under Schedule A included a reference to tax which is or may become chargeable under Case VI of Schedule D.

(2)In the Table in section 98 of the Management Act (penalties in respect of certain information provisions), after the entry in the first column relating to section 42 of the Taxes Act 1988 and after the entry in the second column relating to section 41(2) of the Taxes Act 1988, there shall, in each case, be inserted the following entry—

regulations under section 42A;.

(3)Section 43 of the Taxes Act 1988 (payments to non-residents of amounts chargeable under Schedule A) shall not have effect in relation to any payment made on or after 6th April 1996.

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Marginal Citations

F541 Income from overseas property.E+W+S+N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F5S. 41 repealed (31.7.1998 with effect as mentioned in s. 38(2)(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165(1), Sch. 27 Pt. III(4) Note

42 Abolition of interest relief for commercially let property.E+W+S+N.I.

F6(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)That Act shall be further amended as follows—

(a)in section 353(1B), in the words after paragraph (b), for “sections 237(5)(b) and 355(4)” there shall be substituted “ section 237(5)(b) ”;

F6(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F6(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F6(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F6(e). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Subject to subsections (4) to (6) below, this section shall have effect in relation to any payment of interest made on or after 6th April 1995.

(4)Where—

(a)the profits or gains of any source of income that ceases in the course of the year 1995-96 are taxed, by virtue of section 39(5) or 41(9) above, without reference to the Schedule A that has effect by virtue of section 39(1) above, and

(b)that source of income includes any land, caravan or house-boat with respect to which the condition specified in section 355(1)(b) of the Taxes Act 1988 would be satisfied in the case of any loan,

this section shall not apply to any payment of interest on that loan which is made before the time in the year 1995-96 when that source of income ceases.

(5)Subject to paragraph 19(3) of Schedule 6 to this Act, no relief in respect of any payment of interest before 6th April 1995 shall be given under section 355(4) of the Taxes Act 1988 (income against which relief available) against any income for the year 1995-96 or any subsequent year of assessment except in a case where the income falls within subsection (4)(a) above.

[F7(6)Schedule 7 to this Act (which makes amendments in relation to corporation tax which are consequential on this section) shall have effect in relation to accounting periods ending after 31st March 1995.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F6S. 42(1)(2)(b)-(e) repealed (27.7.1999 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 20 Pt. III(7) Note 4 of the amending Act) by 1999 c. 16, s. 139, Sch. 20 Pt. III(7) Note 4

F7S. 42(6) repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in ss. 80-105 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. V(3)

Benefits in kindE+W+S+N.I.

43 Cars available for private use.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 157 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted—

157A Cars available for private use: cash alternative, etc.

Where, in any year in the case of a person employed in employment to which this Chapter applies—

(a)a car is made available as mentioned in section 157, and

(b)an alternative to the benefit of the car is offered,

the mere fact that the alternative is offered shall not make the benefit chargeable to tax under section 19(1).

(2)In section 158 of the Taxes Act 1988 (car fuel) in subsection (1) for the words “which is made available as mentioned in section 157,” there shall be substituted “ the benefit of which is chargeable to tax under section 157 as his income, ”.

(3)In section 167 of the Taxes Act 1988 (employments to which Chapter II of Part V of that Act applies) at the beginning of subsection (2) (calculation of emoluments) there shall be inserted “Subject to subsection (2B) below” and after that subsection there shall be inserted—

(2B)Where, in any relevant year—

(a)a car is made available as mentioned in section 157, and

(b)an alternative to the benefit of the car is offered,

subsection (2)(a) above shall have effect as if, in connection with the benefit of the car, the amount produced under subsection (2C) below together with any amounts falling within (2D) below were the amounts to be included in the emoluments.

(2C)The amount produced under this subsection is the higher of—

(a)the amount equal to the aggregate of—

(i)whatever is the cash equivalent (ascertained in accordance with Schedule 6) of the benefit of the car; and

(ii)whatever is the cash equivalent (ascertained in accordance with section 158) of the benefit of any fuel provided, by reason of the employee’s employment, for the car; and

(b)the amount which would be chargeable to tax under section 19(1), if the benefit of the car were chargeable under that section by reference to the alternative offered to that benefit.

(2D)The amounts which fall within this subsection are those which would come into charge under section 141, 142 or 153 if the section in question applied in connection with the car.

(4)This section shall have effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

44 Cars: accessories for the disabled.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)At the end of section 168A(11) of the Taxes Act 1988 (mobile telephones not accessories for purpose of determining price of car) there shall be inserted “ or equipment which falls within section 168AA ”.

(2)After section 168A of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted—

168AA Equipment to enable disabled person to use car.

(1)Equipment falls within this section if it is designed solely for use by a chronically sick or disabled person.

(2)Equipment also falls within this section if—

(a)at the time when the car is first made available to the employee, the employee holds a disabled person’s badge, and

(b)the equipment is made available for use with the car because the equipment enables him to use the car in spite of the disability entitling him to hold the badge.

(3)In subsection (2) above “disabled person’s badge” means a badge—

(a)which is issued to a disabled person under section 21 of the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 or section 14 of the M46M47Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 (or which has effect as if so issued), and

(b)which is not required to be returned to the issuing authority under or by virtue of the section in question.

(4)Subsection (12) of section 168A applies for the purposes of this section as it applies for the purposes of that.

(3)This section shall have effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

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Marginal Citations

45 Beneficial loan arrangements: replacement loans.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Chapter II of Part V of the Taxes Act 1988 (benefits in kind, &c.), section 160 (beneficial loan arrangements) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (5) (interpretation), paragraph (b) (references to loan to include any replacement loan) shall cease to have effect.

(3)After subsection (3) (deemed continuance of employment to which that Chapter applies) insert—

(3A)Where subsection (3) above applies, a loan which—

(a)is applied directly or indirectly to the replacement of any such loan as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection, and

(b)would, if the employment referred to in that subsection had not terminated or, as the case may be, ceased to be employment to which this Chapter applies, have been a loan the benefit of which was obtained by reason of that employment,

shall, unless it is a loan the benefit of which was obtained by reason of other employment, be treated as a loan the benefit of which was obtained by reason of that employment..

(4)In paragraph 4 of Schedule 7 to the Taxes Act 1988 (loans obtained by reason of employment: normal method of calculation of benefit (averaging)), make the present provision sub-paragraph (1) and after it insert—

(2)Where an employment-related loan is replaced, directly or indirectly—

(a)by a further employment-related loan, or

(b)by a non-employment-related loan which in turn is, in the same year of assessment or within 40 days thereafter, replaced, directly or indirectly, by a further employment-related loan,

sub-paragraph (1) above applies as if the replacement loan or, as the case may be, each of the replacement loans were the same loan as the first-mentioned employment-related loan.

(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) above “employment-related loan” means a loan the benefit of which is obtained by reason of a person’s employment (and “non-employment-related loan” shall be construed accordingly).

(4)The references in sub-paragraph (2) above to a further employment-related loan are to an employment-related loan the benefit of which is obtained by reason of—

(a)the same or other employment with the person who is the employer in relation to the first-mentioned employment-related loan, or

(b)employment with a person who is connected (within the meaning of section 839) with that employer..

(5)The above amendments have effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment and apply to loans whether made before or after the passing of this Act.

Chargeable gainsE+W+S+N.I.

46 Relief on re-investment: property companies etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter IA of Part V of the M48Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (roll-over relief on re-investment) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 164A (relief on re-investment for individuals) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (12)—

(13)Where an acquisition is made on or after 29th November 1994 section 164H shall be ignored in deciding whether it is an acquisition of a qualifying investment for the purposes of this section.

(3)In section 164F (failure of conditions of relief) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (2)—

(2A)In deciding for the purposes of subsection (2)(b) above whether a company is a qualifying company at a time falling on or after 29th November 1994 section 164H shall be ignored.

(4)In section 164I (qualifying trades) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (4)—

(4A)In deciding whether a trade complies with this section at a time falling on or after 29th November 1994 paragraphs (g) and (h) of subsection (2) above shall be ignored.

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Marginal Citations

47 Relief on re-investment: amount of relief, etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter IA of Part V of the M49Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (roll-over relief on re-investment) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 164A after subsection (13) (inserted by section 46 above) there shall be inserted—

(14)This section is subject to sections 164FF and 164FG.

(3)In section 164F after subsection (10B) there shall be inserted—

(10C)Subsection (10A) above is subject to sections 164FF and 164FG.

(4)After section 164F there shall be inserted—

164FF Qualifying investment acquired from husband or wife.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a claim is made under subsection (2) of section 164A or subsection (10A) of section 164F; and

(b)the qualifying investment as respects which the claim is made is acquired by a disposal to which section 58 applies.

(2)The amounts by reference to which the reduction is determined shall be treated as including the amount of the consideration which the claimant would under this Act be treated as having given for the qualifying investment if he had, immediately upon acquiring the qualifying investment, disposed of it on a disposal which was not a no gain/no loss disposal.

(3)Where—

(a)the claimant makes a disposal, which is not a no gain/no loss disposal, of the qualifying investment, and

(b)any disposal after 31st March 1982 and before he acquired the qualifying investment was a no gain/no loss disposal,

nothing in paragraph 1 of Schedule 3, section 35 or section 55 shall operate to defeat the reduction falling to be made under section 164A(2)(b) or, as the case may be, section 164F(10A)(b) in the consideration for the acquisition of the qualifying investment.

(4)Where—

(a)the claimant makes a disposal of the qualifying investment and that disposal is a disposal to which section 58 applies, and

(b)any disposal after 31st March 1982 and before the claimant acquired the qualifying investment was a no gain/no loss disposal,

nothing in the application of paragraph 1 of Schedule 3, section 35 or section 55 to the person to whom the claimant makes the disposal of the qualifying investment shall operate to defeat the reduction made under section 164A(2)(b) or, as the case may be, section 164F(10A)(b).

(5)For the purposes of this section a no gain/no loss disposal is one on which by virtue of any of the enactments specified in section 35(3)(d) neither a gain nor a loss accrues.

(5)After section 164FF (inserted by subsection (4) above) there shall be inserted—

164FG Multiple claims.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a reduction is claimed by a person as respects a qualifying investment under subsection (2) of section 164A or subsection (10A) of section 164F; and

(b)any other reduction has been or is being claimed by that person under either subsection as respects that investment.

(2)Subject to subsection (5) below, the reductions shall be treated as claimed separately in such sequence as the claimant elects or an officer of the Board in default of an election determines.

(3)In relation to a later claim as respects the qualifying investment under either subsection, the subsection shall have effect as if each of the relevant amounts were reduced by the aggregate of any reductions made in the amount or value of the consideration for the acquisition of that investment by virtue of any earlier claims as respects that investment.

(4)In subsection (3) above “the relevant amounts” means—

(a)if the claim is under section 164A(2), the amounts referred to in subsection (2)(a)(ii) and (iii) and any amount required to be included by virtue of section 164FF(2); and

(b)if the claim is under section 164F(10A), the amounts referred to in subsection (10A)(a)(i) and (ii) and any amount required to be included by virtue of section 164FF(2).

(5)A claim that has become final shall be treated as made earlier than any claim that has not become final.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5) above, a claim becomes final when—

(a)it may no longer be amended, or

(b)it is finally determined,

whichever occurs first.

(6)Subsection (4) above (and subsections (1) to (3) above so far as relating to subsection (4) above) shall apply to a claim as respects a qualifying investment if—

(a)the qualifying investment is acquired on or after 20th June 1994; or

(b)the claim is under section 164A(2) and relates to a disposal on or after that day; or

(c)the claim is under subsection (10A) of section 164F and relates to a gain which (apart from that subsection) would accrue on or after that day.

(7)Subsection (5) above (and subsections (1) to (3) above so far as relating to subsection (5) above) shall apply to a claim as respects a qualifying investment if—

(a)the qualifying investment is acquired on or after 20th June 1994; or

(b)the claim is under section 164A(2) and relates to a disposal on or after that day; or

(c)the claim is under subsection (10A) of section 164F and relates to a gain which (apart from that subsection) would accrue on or after that day; or

(d)there is another claim as respects that qualifying investment which is under section 164A(2) and which relates to a disposal on or after that day; or

(e)there is another claim as respects that qualifying investment which is under subsection (10A) of section 164F and which relates to a gain which (apart from that subsection) would accrue on or after that day.

(8)Any such adjustment as is appropriate in consequence of this section may be made (whether by discharge or repayment of tax, the making of an assessment or otherwise).

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Marginal Citations

48 Roll-over relief and groups of companies.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 175 of the M50Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (replacement of business assets by members of a group), after subsection (2) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(2A)Section 152 shall apply where—

(a)the disposal is by a company which, at the time of the disposal, is a member of a group of companies,

(b)the acquisition is by another company which, at the time of the acquisition, is a member of the same group, and

(c)the claim is made by both companies,

as if both companies were the same person.

(2B)Section 152 shall apply where a company which is a member of a group of companies but is not carrying on a trade—

(a)disposes of assets (or an interest in assets) used, and used only, for the purposes of the trade which (in accordance with subsection (1) above) is treated as carried on by the members of the group which carry on a trade, or

(b)acquires assets (or an interest in assets) taken into use, and used only, for those purposes,

as if the first company were carrying on that trade.

(2C)Section 152 shall not apply if the acquisition of, or of the interest in, the new assets—

(a)is made by a company which is a member of a group of companies, and

(b)is one to which any of the enactments specified in section 35(3)(d) applies.

(2)In section 247 of the M51Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (roll-over relief on compulsory acquisition of land), after subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)Subsections (2A) and (2C) of section 175 shall apply in relation to this section as they apply in relation to section 152 (but as if the reference in subsection (2C) to the new assets were a reference to the new land).

(3)Subject to subsection (4) below—

(a)the subsection inserted into section 175 of the M52Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 by subsection (1) above as subsection (2A) shall be deemed always to have had effect; and

(b)the earlier enactments corresponding to that section shall be deemed to have contained provision to the same effect as that subsection (2A).

(4)Paragraph (c) of that subsection (2A) shall not apply unless the claim is made on or after 29th November 1994.

(5)The subsection inserted into section 175 of the M53Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 by subsection (1) above as subsection (2B) shall apply where the disposal or the M54acquisition is on or after 29th November 1994; and the subsection so inserted as subsection (2C) shall apply where the acquisition is on or after that date.

(6)The subsection inserted into section 247 of the M55Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 by subsection (2) above shall apply—

(a)so far as it relates to section 175(2A), where the disposal or the acquisition is on or after 29th November 1994; and

(b)so far as it relates to section 175(2C), where the acquisition is on or after that date.

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Marginal Citations

49 De-grouping charges.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 179 of the M56Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (de-grouping charges), after subsection (2) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(2A)Where—

(a)a company that has ceased to be a member of a group of companies (“the first group”) acquired an asset from another company which was a member of that group at the time of the acquisition,

(b)subsection (2) above applies in the case of that company’s ceasing to be a member of the first group so that subsection (1) above does not have effect as respects the acquisition of that asset,

(c)the company that made the acquisition subsequently ceases to be a member of another group of companies (“the second group”), and

(d)there is a connection between the two groups,

subsection (1) above shall have effect in relation to the company’s ceasing to be a member of the second group as if it had been the second group of which both companies had been members at the time of the acquisition.

(2B)For the purposes of subsection (2A) above there is a connection between the first group and the second group if, at the time when the chargeable company ceases to be a member of the second group, the company which is the principal company of that group is under the control of—

(a)the company which is the principal company of the first group or, if that group no longer exists, which was the principal company of that group when the chargeable company ceased to be a member of it;

(b)any company which controls the company mentioned in paragraph (a) above or which has had it under its control at any time in the period since the chargeable company ceased to be a member of the first group; or

(c)any company which has, at any time in that period, had under its control either—

(i)a company which would have fallen within paragraph (b) above if it had continued to exist, or

(ii)a company which would have fallen within this paragraph (whether by reference to a company which would have fallen within that paragraph or to a company or series of companies falling within this sub-paragraph).

(2)After subsection (9) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(9A)Section 416(2) to (6) of the Taxes Act (meaning of control) shall have effect for the purposes of subsection (2B) above as it has effect for the purposes of Part XI of that Act; but a person carrying on a business of banking shall not for the purposes of that subsection be regarded as having control of any company by reason only of having, or of the consequences of having exercised, any rights of that person in respect of loan capital or debt issued or incurred by the company for money lent by that person to the company in the ordinary course of that business.

(3)This section has effect in relation to a company in any case in which the time of the company’s ceasing to be a member of the second group is on or after 29th November 1994.

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Marginal Citations

[F850 Corporate bonds.E+W+S+N.I.

In section 117 of the M57Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (qualifying corporate bonds) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (2)—

(2A)Where it falls to be decided whether at any time on or after 29th November 1994 a security (whenever issued) is a corporate bond for the purposes of this section, a security which falls within paragraph 2(2)(c) of Schedule 11 to the M58Finance Act 1989 (quoted indexed securities) shall be treated as not being a corporate bond within the definition in subsection (1) above.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F8S. 50 repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in ss. 80-105 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. V(3)

Marginal Citations

Insurance companies and friendly societiesE+W+S+N.I.

51 Companies carrying on life assurance business.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 8 to this Act has effect in relation to companies carrying on life assurance business, as follows—

  • Part I contains general amendments,

  • Part II contains amendments of provisions relating to overseas life insurance companies, and

  • Part III contains supplementary provisions.

52 Meaning of “insurance company”.E+W+S+N.I.

F9(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)F10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)F11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)In section 59(3)(b) of the Inheritance Tax Act 1984 (interests of insurance companies acquired before 14th March 1975 to be qualifying interests in possession), for the words from “if” onwards there shall be substituted if the company is an insurance company (within the meaning of Chapter I of Part XII of the M59Taxes Act 1988) and either—

(i)is authorised to carry on long term business under section 3 or 4 of the M60Insurance Companies Act 1982; or

(ii)carries on through a branch or agency in the United Kingdom the whole or any part of any long term business which it is authorised to carry on by an authorisation granted outside the United Kingdom for the purposes of the first long term insurance Directive;

and in paragraph (b) above “long term business” and “the first long term insurance Directive” have the same meanings as in that Act of 1982.

(5)Subsections (1) to (3) above shall have effect in relation to any accounting period ending after 30th June 1994; and subsection (4) above shall have effect for the purposes of the making, on an anniversary or other occasion after that date, of any charge to tax under section 64 or 65 of the M61Inheritance Tax Act 1984.

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Amendments (Textual)

F9S. 52(1) repealed (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3629, art. 109, Sch.

F10S. 52(2) repealed (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 40 Pt. 3(10) Note 2 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s.141, Sch.40 Pt. 3(10) Note 2

F11S. 52(3) repealed (24.7.2002 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 40 Pt. 3 Note 2 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2002 (c. 23), s.141, Sch.40 Pt. 3(13) Note 2

Marginal Citations

53 Transfer of life insurance business.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The amendments specified in Schedule 9 to this Act (which relate to enactments referring to the transfer of the whole or part of the long term business of an insurance company) shall have effect.

(2)This section and that Schedule shall have effect in relation to any transfers sanctioned or authorised after 30th June 1994.

54 Friendly societies.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 10 to this Act (which makes provision about friendly societies) shall have effect.

Insurance policiesE+W+S+N.I.

55 Qualifying life insurance policies.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to subsections (2) and (3) below—

(a)paragraph 21 of Schedule 15 to the Taxes Act 1988 (certification of policies and of standard forms etc.) shall not apply, in relation to any time on or after [F12the appointed date], for determining whether a policy is or would be a qualifying policy at that time; and

(b)no certificate may be issued under that paragraph at any time on or after that date except, in the case of a certificate under sub-paragraph (1)(a) of that paragraph, in relation to a time before that date.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not affect the right of any person to bring or continue with an appeal under paragraph 21(3) of that Schedule against either a refusal before [F12the appointed date] to certify any policy or a refusal on or after that date to certify any policy in relation to times before that date.

(3)A certificate issued—

(a)before [F12the appointed date] in pursuance of paragraph 21(1)(a) of that Schedule, or

(b)in pursuance of a determination on an appeal determined after that date by virtue of subsection (2) above,

shall, in relation to any time on or after that date or, as the case may be, the date on which it is issued, be conclusive evidence that the policy to which it relates is (subject to any variation of the policy) a qualifying policy.

(4)Paragraph 22 of that Schedule (certificates from body issuing policy) shall cease to have effect in relation to any time on or after [F12the appointed date].

(5)Paragraph 24 of that Schedule (policies issued by non-resident companies) shall have effect in relation to times on or after [F12the appointed date]

(a)with the substitution of the following sub-paragraphs for sub-paragraph (2)—

(2)Subject to section 55(3) of the Finance Act 1995 (transitional provision for the certification of certain policies), a new non-resident policy that falls outside sub-paragraph (2A) below shall not be a qualifying policy until such time as the conditions in sub-paragraph (3) are fulfilled with respect to it.

(2A)A policy falls outside this sub-paragraph unless, at the time immediately before [F12the appointed day], it was a qualifying policy by virtue of sub-paragraphs (2)(b) and (4) of this paragraph, as they had effect in relation to that time.; and

(b)with the omission, in sub-paragraph (3), of the word “first” and of sub-paragraph (4).

(6)In paragraph 25 of that Schedule (policies substituted for policies issued by non-resident companies), for sub-paragraph (2) there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—

(2)The modifications are the following—

(a)if, apart from paragraph 24, the old policy or any related policy (within the meaning of paragraph 17(2)(b)) of which account falls to be taken would have been a qualifying policy, that policy shall be assumed to have been a qualifying policy for the purposes of paragraph 17(2); and

(b)if, apart from this paragraph, the new policy would be a qualifying policy, it shall not be such a policy unless the circumstances are as specified in paragraph 17(3); and

(c)in paragraph 17(3)(c) the words “either by a branch or agency of theirs outside the United Kingdom or” shall be omitted;

and references in this sub-paragraph to being a qualifying policy shall have effect, in relation to any time before [F12the appointed date], as including a reference to being capable of being certified as such a policy.

(7)In paragraph 27(1) of that Schedule, except so far as it has effect for the purposes of any case to which paragraph 21 of that Schedule applies by virtue of the preceding provisions of this section, for “paragraphs 21 and” there shall be substituted “ paragraph ”.

(8)In section 553 of the Taxes Act 1988 (which contains provisions referring to paragraph 24(3) or (4) of Schedule 15 to that Act)—

(a)in subsection (2), for the words from “neither” to “fulfilled” there shall be substituted “ the conditions in paragraph 24(3) of Schedule 15 to this Act are not fulfilled ”; and

(b)in subsection (7), for “either sub-paragraph (3) or sub-paragraph (4)” there shall be substituted “ sub-paragraph (3) ”;

but this subsection shall not affect the operation of Chapter II of Part XIII of that Act in relation to any policy in relation to which the conditions in paragraph 24(4) of Schedule 15 to that Act, as it then had effect, were fulfilled at times in accounting periods before those in relation to which section 103 of the Finance Act 1993 (which repealed section 445 of the M62Taxes Act 1988) had effect.

[F13(9)In this section “the appointed date” means such date as may be specified for the purpose in an order made by the Board.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F12Words in s. 55(1)(a)(2)(3)(a)(4)(5)(a)(6) substituted (29.4.1996) by 1996 c. 8, s. 162(1)(a)

F13S. 55(9) inserted (29.4.1996) by 1996 c. 8, s. 162(1)(b)

Marginal Citations

56 Foreign life policies etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 547 of the Taxes Act 1988 (charging of certain gains arising in connection with insurance policies etc.), in subsection (5A), for “subsection (7)” there shall be substituted “ subsection (6A) or (7) ”; and after subsection (6) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(6A)Subsection (6) above shall not apply in relation to a gain treated as arising in connection with a contract for a life annuity in any case where the Board are satisfied, on a claim made for the purpose—

(a)that the company liable to make payments under the contract (“the grantor”) has not, at any time (“a relevant time”) between the date on which it entered into the contract and the date on which the gain is treated as arising, been resident in the United Kingdom;

(b)that at all relevant times the grantor has—

(i)as a body deriving its status as a company from the laws of a territory outside the United Kingdom,

(ii)as a company with its place of management in such a territory, or

(iii)as a company falling, under the laws of such a territory, to be regarded, for any other reason, as resident or domiciled in that territory,

been within a charge to tax under the laws of that territory;

(c)that that territory is a territory within the European Economic Area when the gain is treated as arising;

(d)that the charge to tax mentioned in paragraph (b) above has at all relevant times been such a charge made otherwise than by reference to profits as (by disallowing their deduction in computing the amount chargeable) to require sums payable and other liabilities arising under contracts of the same class as the contract in question to be treated as sums or liabilities falling to be met out of amounts subject to tax in the hands of the grantor;

(e)that the rate of tax fixed for the purposes of that charge in relation to the amounts subject to tax in the hands of the grantor (not being amounts arising or accruing in respect of investments that are of a particular description for which a special relief or exemption is generally available) has at all relevant times been at least 20 per cent.; and

(f)that none of the grantor’s obligations under the contract in question to pay any sum or to meet any other liability arising under that contract is or has been the subject, in whole or in part, of any reinsurance contract relating to anything other than the risk that the annuitant will die or will suffer any sickness or accident;

and subsection (6) above shall also not apply where the case would fall within paragraphs (a) to (f) above if references to a relevant time did not include references to any time when the contract fell to be regarded as forming part of so much of any basic life assurance and general annuity business the income and gains of which were subject to corporation tax as was being carried on through a branch or agency in the United Kingdom.

(2)In section 553 of that Act (non-resident policies and off-shore capital redemption policies), in subsection (6), for “subsection (7)” there shall be substituted “ subsections (6A) and (7) ”; and after that subsection there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(6A)Paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (6) above do not apply to a gain in a case where the Board are satisfied, on a claim made for the purpose—

(a)that the insurer has not, at any time (“a relevant time”) between the making of the insurance and the date on which the gain is treated as arising, been resident in the United Kingdom;

(b)that at all relevant times the insurer has—

(i)as a body deriving its status as a company from the laws of a territory outside the United Kingdom,

(ii)as a company with its place of management in such a territory, or

(iii)as a company falling, under the laws of such a territory, to be regarded, for any other reason, as resident or domiciled in that territory,

been within a charge to tax under the laws of that territory;

(c)that that territory is a territory within the European Economic Area when the gain is treated as arising;

(d)that the charge to tax mentioned in paragraph (b) above has at all relevant times been such a charge made otherwise than by reference to profits as (by disallowing their deduction in computing the amount chargeable) to require sums payable and other liabilities arising under policies of the same class as the policy in question to be treated as sums or liabilities falling to be met out of amounts subject to tax in the hands of the insurer;

(e)that the rate of tax fixed for the purposes of that charge in relation to the amounts subject to tax in the hands of the insurer (not being amounts arising or accruing in respect of investments that are of a particular description for which a special relief or exemption is generally available) has at all relevant times been at least 20 per cent.; and

(f)that none of the insurer’s obligations under the policy in question to pay any sum or to meet any other liability arising under that policy is or has been the subject, in whole or in part, of any reinsurance contract relating to anything other than the risk that the person whose life is insured by the policy will die or will suffer any sickness or accident;

and paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (6) above shall also not apply where the case would fall within paragraphs (a) to (f) above if references to a relevant time did not include references to any time when the conditions required to be fulfilled in relation to that time for the purposes of subsection (7) below were fulfilled.

(3)For the purpose of securing that section 547(5) of the Taxes Act 1988 has effect in other cases (in addition to those specified in sections 547(6A) and 553(6A)) where it appears to the Board appropriate for section 547(6) or 553(6) to be disapplied by reference to tax chargeable under the laws of a territory outside the United Kingdom, the Board may by regulations provide that the cases described in subsection (6A) of each of sections 547 and 553 of that Act are to be treated as including cases, being cases which would not otherwise fall within the subsection, where the conditions specified in the regulations are fulfilled in relation to any time (including one before the making of the regulations).

(4)This section shall apply in relation to any gain arising on or after 29th November 1994 and in relation to any gain arising before that date the income tax on which has not been the subject of an assessment that became final and conclusive before that date. M63M64

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Marginal Citations

57 Duties of insurers in relation to life policies etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 552 of the Taxes Act 1988 (duties of insurers of life policies etc.), the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (2) in relation to times on or after the day on which this Act is passed—

(2A)Where the obligations under any policy or contract of the body that issued, entered into or effected it (“the original insurer”) are at any time the obligations of another body (“the transferee”) to whom there has been a transfer of the whole or any part of a business previously carried on by the original insurer, this section shall have effect in relation to that time, except where the chargeable event—

(a)happened before the transfer, and

(b)in the case of a death or assignment, is an event of which the notification mentioned in subsection (1) above was given before the transfer,

as if the policy or contract had been issued, entered into or effected by the transferee.

(2)In that section, the following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (4)—

(4A)The Board may by regulations—

(a)make provision as to the form which is to be taken by certificates under this section (including provision enabling such a certificate to be delivered otherwise than in the form of a document); and

(b)make such provision as they think fit for securing that they are able to ascertain whether there has been or is likely to be any contravention of the requirements of this section and to verify any such certificate.

(4B)Regulations by virtue of subsection (4A)(b) above may include, in particular, provision requiring persons to whom premiums under any policy are or have at any time been payable to supply information to the Board and to make available books, documents and other records for inspection on behalf of the Board.

(4C)Regulations under subsection (4A) above may—

(a)make different provision for different cases; and

(b)contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential and transitional provision as appears to the Board to be appropriate.

(3)In the second column of the Table in section 98 of the Management Act (penalties in respect of certain information provisions), for the entry relating to section 552 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be substituted the following entries—

section 552(1) to (4);

regulations under section 552(4A);.

PensionsE+W+S+N.I.

58 Personal pensions: income withdrawals.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 11 to this Act has effect for the purpose of enabling income withdrawals to be made under a personal pension scheme where the purchase of an annuity is deferred.

59 Pensions: meaning of insurance company etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Part XIV of the Taxes Act 1988 (pension schemes etc.) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 591 (discretionary approval of retirement benefits schemes) the following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (3)—

(3)In subsection (2)(g) above “insurance company” has the meaning given by section 659B.

(3)In section 599 (charge to tax: commutation of entire pension in special circumstances) the following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (8)—

(8)In subsection (7) above “insurance company” has the meaning given by section 659B.

(4)In section 630 (personal pension schemes: interpretation) the following definition shall be substituted for the definition of “authorised insurance company”—

authorised insurance company” has the meaning given by section 659B.

(5)The following sections shall be inserted after section 659A—

659B Definition of insurance company.

(1)In sections 591(2)(g) and 599(7) “insurance company” means one of the following—

(a)a person authorised under section 3 or 4 of the M65Insurance Companies Act 1982 (or any similar previous enactment) to carry on long term business;

(b)a friendly society carrying on long term business;

(c)an EC company falling within subsection (3) below.

(2)In Chapter IV of this Part “authorised insurance company” means a company that is an insurance company within the meaning given by subsection (1) above.

(3)An EC company falls within this subsection if it—

(a)lawfully carries on long term business, or lawfully provides long term insurance, in the United Kingdom, and

(b)fulfils the requirement under subsection (5) below or that under subsection (6) below or that under subsection (7) below.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) above an EC company—

(a)lawfully carries on long term business in the United Kingdom if it does so through a branch in respect of which such of the requirements of Part I of Schedule 2F to the M66Insurance Companies Act 1982 as are applicable have been complied with;

(b)lawfully provides long term insurance in the United Kingdom if such of those requirements as are applicable have been complied with in respect of the insurance.

(5)The requirement under this subsection is that—

(a)a person who falls within subsection (8) below is for the time being appointed by the company to be responsible for securing the discharge of the duties mentioned in subsection (9) below, and

(b)his identity and the fact of his appointment have been notified to the Board by the company.

(6)The requirement under this subsection is that there are for the time being other arrangements with the Board for a person other than the company to secure the discharge of those duties.

(7)The requirement under this subsection is that there are for the time being other arrangements with the Board designed to secure the discharge of those duties.

(8)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)he is not an individual and has a business establishment in the United Kingdom, or

(b)he is an individual and is resident in the United Kingdom.

(9)The duties are the following duties that fall to be discharged by the company—

(a)any duty to pay by virtue of section 203 and regulations made under it tax charged under section 597(3);

(b)any duty to pay tax charged under section 599(3) and (7);

(c)any duty imposed by regulations made under section 605;

(d)any duty to pay by virtue of section 203 and regulations made under it tax charged under section 648A(1).

(10)For the purposes of this section—

(a)references to an EC company shall be construed in accordance with section 2(6) of the M67Insurance Companies Act 1982;

(b)references to long term business shall be construed in accordance with section 1(1) of that Act;

(c)references to the provision of long term insurance in the United Kingdom shall be construed in accordance with section 96A(3A) of that Act;

(d)a friendly society is a friendly society within the meaning of the M68Friendly Societies Act 1992 (including any society that by virtue of section 96(2) of that Act is to be treated as a registered friendly society within the meaning of that Act).

659C Effect of appointment or arrangements under section 659B.

(1)This section shall have effect where—

(a)in accordance with section 659B(5) a person is for the time being appointed to be responsible for securing the discharge of duties, or

(b)in accordance with section 659B(6) there are for the time being arrangements for a person to secure the discharge of duties.

(2)In such a case the person concerned—

(a)shall be entitled to act on the company’s behalf for any of the purposes of the provisions relating to the duties;

(b)shall secure (where appropriate by acting on the company’s behalf) the company’s compliance with and discharge of the duties;

(c)shall be personally liable in respect of any failure of the company to comply with or discharge any such duty as if the duties imposed on the company were imposed jointly and severally on the company and the person concerned.

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Marginal Citations

60 Application of section 59.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 59(2) above and the new section 659B, so far as relating to section 591(2)(g), shall apply in relation to a scheme not approved by virtue of section 591 before the day on which this Act is passed.

(2)Section 59(3) above and the new section 659B, so far as relating to section 599(7), shall apply where tax is charged under section 599 on or after the day on which this Act is passed.

(3)Section 59(4) above and the new section 659B, so far as relating to Chapter IV of Part XIV, shall apply in relation to a scheme not approved under that Chapter before the day on which this Act is passed.

(4)Subsection (5) below applies where—

(a)a scheme is approved under Chapter IV of Part XIV before the day on which this Act is passed,

(b)on or after that day the person who established the scheme proposes to amend it, and

(c)the scheme as proposed to be amended would make provision such that, if the scheme had not been approved before that day, section 59(4) above and the new section 659B (so far as relating to that Chapter) would allow the Board to approve it.

(5)The Board may at their discretion approve the amendment notwithstanding anything in Chapter IV of Part XIV, and if the amendment is made—

(a)section 59(4) above and the new section 659B, so far as relating to that Chapter, shall apply in relation to the scheme, and

(b)any question as to the validity of the Board’s approval of the scheme shall be determined accordingly.

61 Cessation of approval of certain retirement benefits schemes.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 591B of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted—

591C Cessation of approval: tax on certain schemes.

(1)Where an approval of a scheme to which this section applies ceases to have effect, tax shall be charged in accordance with this section.

(2)The tax shall be charged under Case VI of Schedule D at the rate of 40 per cent. on an amount equal to the value of the assets which immediately before the date of the cessation of the approval of the scheme are held for the purposes of the scheme (taking that value as it stands immediately before that date).

(3)Subject to section 591D(4), the person liable for the tax shall be the administrator of the scheme in his capacity as such.

(4)This section applies to a retirement benefits scheme in respect of which either of the conditions set out below is satisfied.

(5)The first condition is satisfied in respect of a scheme if, immediately before the date of the cessation of the approval of the scheme, the number of individuals who are members of the scheme is less than twelve.

(6)The second condition is satisfied in respect of a scheme if at any time within the period of one year ending with the date of the cessation of the approval of the scheme, a person who is or has been a controlling director of a company which has contributed to the scheme is a member of the scheme.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (6) above a person is a controlling director of a company if he is a director of it and within section 417(5)(b) in relation to it.

591D Section 591C: supplementary.

(1)For the purposes of section 591C(2) the value of an asset is, subject to subsection (2) below, its market value, construing “market value” in accordance with section 272 of the 1992 Act.

(2)Where an asset held for the purposes of a scheme is a right or interest in respect of any money lent (directly or indirectly) to any person mentioned in subsection (3) below, the value of the asset shall be treated as being the amount owing (including any unpaid interest) on the money lent.

(3)The persons are—

(a)any employer who has at any time contributed to the scheme;

(b)any company connected with such an employer;

(c)any member of the scheme;

(d)any person connected with any member of the scheme.

(4)Where the administrator of the scheme is constituted by persons who include a person who is an approved independent trustee in relation to a scheme, that person shall not be liable for tax chargeable by virtue of section 591C.

(5)A person is an approved independent trustee in relation to a scheme only if he is—

(a)approved by the Board to act as a trustee of the scheme; and

(b)not connected with—

(i)a member of the scheme;

(ii)any other trustee of the scheme; or

(iii)an employer who has contributed to the scheme.

(6)For the purposes of section 596A(9) income and gains accruing to a scheme shall not be regarded as brought into charge to tax merely because tax is charged in relation to the scheme in accordance with section 591C.

(7)The reference in section 591C(1) to an approval of a scheme ceasing to have effect is a reference to—

(a)the scheme ceasing to be an approved scheme by virtue of section 591A(2);

(b)the approval of the scheme being withdrawn under section 591B(1); or

(c)the approval of the scheme no longer applying by virtue of section 591B(2);

and any reference in section 591C to the date of the cessation of the approval of the scheme shall be construed accordingly.

(8)For the purposes of section 591C and this section a person is a member of a scheme at a particular time if at that time a benefit—

(a)is being provided under the scheme, or

(b)may be so provided,

in respect of any past or present employment of his.

(9)Section 839 shall apply for the purposes of this section.

(2)After section 239 of the M69Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 there shall be inserted—

Retirement benefits schemesE+W+S+N.I.
239A Cessation of approval of certain schemes.

(1)This section applies where tax is charged in accordance with section 591C of the Taxes Act (tax on certain retirement benefits schemes whose approval ceases to have effect).

(2)For the purposes of this Act the assets which at the relevant time are held for the purposes of the scheme—

(a)shall be deemed to be acquired at that time for a consideration equal to the amount on which tax is charged by virtue of section 591C(2) of the Taxes Act by the person who would be chargeable in respect of a chargeable gain accruing on a disposal of the assets at that time; but

(b)shall not be deemed to be disposed of by any person at that time;

and in this subsection “the relevant time” means the time immediately before the date of the cessation of the approval of the scheme.

(3)Expressions used in subsection (2) above and in section 591C of the Taxes Act have the same meanings in that subsection as in that section.

(3)This section shall apply in relation to any approval of a retirement benefits scheme which ceases to have effect on or after 2nd November 1994 other than an approval ceasing to have effect by virtue of a notice given before that day under section 591B(1) of the Taxes Act 1988.

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Marginal Citations

Saving and investment: generalE+W+S+N.I.

62 Follow-up TESSAs.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Taxes Act 1988 shall be amended as follows.

(2)After section 326B there shall be inserted—

326BB Follow-up TESSAs.

(1)Subsection (2) below applies where—

(a)an individual, within the period of six months from the day on which a tax-exempt special savings account held by him matured, opens another account (“a follow-up account”) which is a tax-exempt special savings account at the time it is opened; and

(b)the total amount deposited in the matured account, before it matured, exceeded £3,000.

(2)In relation to the follow-up account section 326B(2)(a) shall apply as if the reference to £3,000 were a reference to the total amount so deposited.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1) above a tax-exempt special savings account held by an individual matures when a period of five years throughout which the account was a tax-exempt special savings account comes to an end.

(4)An account is not connected with another account for the purposes of section 326A(8) merely because one of them is a follow-up account.

(3)In section 326C(1) (regulations about tax-exempt special savings accounts) after paragraph (c) there shall be inserted—

(cc)providing that subsection (2) of section 326BB does not apply in relation to a follow-up account unless at such time as may be prescribed by the regulations the building society or institution with which the account is held has a document of a prescribed description containing such information as the regulations may prescribe;

(cd)requiring building societies and other institutions operating tax-exempt special savings accounts which mature to give to the individuals who have held them certificates containing such information as the regulations may prescribe;.

(4)In section 326C(1)(e) for “and 326B” there shall be substituted “ 326B and 326BB ”.

(5)In section 326C after subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A)In paragraph (cc) of subsection (1) above “document” includes a record kept by means of a computer; and regulations made by virtue of that paragraph may prescribe different documents for different cases.

(1B)Subsection (3) of section 326BB applies for the purposes of subsection (1) above as it applies for the purposes of subsection (1) of that section.

(6)In section 326C(2) for “section 326B” there shall be substituted “ sections 326B and 326BB ”.

63 TESSAs: European institutions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 326A of the M70Taxes Act 1988 (tax-exempt special savings accounts) shall be amended as mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) below.

(2)In subsection (4) (account must be with building society or institution authorised under Banking Act 1987) after “1987” there shall be inserted “ or a relevant European institution ”.

F14(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)The following section shall be inserted after section 326C of the Taxes Act 1988 (regulations about tax-exempt special savings accounts etc.)—

326D Tax-exempt special savings accounts: tax representatives.

(1)Without prejudice to the generality of section 326C(1), the Board may make regulations providing that an account held with a relevant European institution shall not be a tax-exempt special savings account at the time it is opened, or shall cease to be a tax-exempt special savings account at a given time, unless at the time concerned one of the following three requirements is fulfilled.

(2)The first requirement is that—

(a)a person who falls within subsection (5) below is appointed by the institution to be responsible for securing the discharge of prescribed duties which fall to be discharged by the institution, and

(b)his identity and the fact of his appointment have been notified to the Board by the institution.

(3)The second requirement is that there are other arrangements with the Board for a person other than the institution to secure the discharge of such duties.

(4)The third requirement is that there are other arrangements with the Board designed to secure the discharge of such duties.

(5)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)he is not an individual and has a business establishment in the United Kingdom, or

(b)he is an individual and is resident in the United Kingdom.

(6)Different duties may be prescribed as regards different institutions or different descriptions of institution.

(7)The regulations may provide that—

(a)the first requirement shall not be treated as fulfilled unless the person concerned is of a prescribed description;

(b)the appointment of a person in pursuance of that requirement shall be treated as terminated in prescribed circumstances.

(8)The regulations may provide that—

(a)the second requirement shall not be treated as fulfilled unless the person concerned is of a prescribed description;

(b)arrangements made in pursuance of that requirement shall be treated as terminated in prescribed circumstances.

(9)The regulations may provide as mentioned in subsection (10) below as regards a case where—

(a)in accordance with the first requirement a person is at any time appointed to be responsible for securing the discharge of duties, or

(b)in accordance with the second requirement there are at any time arrangements for a person to secure the discharge of duties.

(10)In such a case the regulations may provide that the person concerned—

(a)shall be entitled to act on the institution’s behalf for any of the purposes of the provisions relating to the duties;

(b)shall secure (where appropriate by acting on the institution’s behalf) the institution’s compliance with and discharge of the duties;

(c)shall be personally liable in respect of any failure of the institution to comply with or discharge any such duty as if the duties imposed on the institution were imposed jointly and severally on the institution and the person concerned.

(11)Regulations under this section may include provision that section 326B(3) shall have effect as if the reference to subsection (1) included a reference to the regulations.

(12)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by the regulations.

(5)Subsection (2) above shall apply in relation to accounts opened after such day as the Board may by order made by statutory instrument appoint.

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Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 63(3) repealed (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3629, art. 109, Sch.

Commencement Information

I9S. 63 in force at Royal Assent but the day appointed for the application of s. 63(2) in relation to tax-exempt special savings accounts opened after that day is 1.1.1996 by S.I. 1995/3236, art. 2

Marginal Citations

64 Personal equity plans: tax representatives.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The following section shall be inserted after section 333 of the Taxes Act 1988 (personal equity plans)—

333A Personal equity plans: tax representatives.

(1)Regulations under section 333 may include provision that a European institution cannot be a plan manager unless one of the following three requirements is fulfilled.

(2)The first requirement is that—

(a)a person who falls within subsection (5) below is for the time being appointed by the institution to be responsible for securing the discharge of prescribed duties which fall to be discharged by the institution, and

(b)his identity and the fact of his appointment have been notified to the Board by the institution.

(3)The second requirement is that there are for the time being other arrangements with the Board for a person other than the institution to secure the discharge of such duties.

(4)The third requirement is that there are for the time being other arrangements with the Board designed to secure the discharge of such duties.

(5)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)he is not an individual and has a business establishment in the United Kingdom, or

(b)he is an individual and is resident in the United Kingdom.

(6)Different duties may be prescribed as regards different institutions or different descriptions of institution.

(7)The regulations may provide that—

(a)the first requirement shall not be treated as fulfilled unless the person concerned is of a prescribed description;

(b)the appointment of a person in pursuance of that requirement shall be treated as terminated in prescribed circumstances.

(8)The regulations may provide that—

(a)the second requirement shall not be treated as fulfilled unless the person concerned is of a prescribed description;

(b)arrangements made in pursuance of that requirement shall be treated as terminated in prescribed circumstances.

(9)The regulations may provide as mentioned in subsection (10) below as regards a case where—

(a)in accordance with the first requirement a person is for the time being appointed to be responsible for securing the discharge of duties, or

(b)in accordance with the second requirement there are for the time being arrangements for a person to secure the discharge of duties.

(10)In such a case the regulations may provide that the person concerned—

(a)shall be entitled to act on the institution’s behalf for any of the purposes of the provisions relating to the duties;

(b)shall secure (where appropriate by acting on the institution’s behalf) the institution’s compliance with and discharge of the duties;

(c)shall be personally liable in respect of any failure of the institution to comply with or discharge any such duty as if the duties imposed on the institution were imposed jointly and severally on the institution and the person concerned.

(11)In this section—

(a)European institution” has the same meaning as in the M71Banking Co-ordination (Second Council Directive) Regulations 1992;

(b)prescribed” means prescribed by the regulations.

(12)The preceding provisions of this section shall apply in the case of a relevant authorised person as they apply in the case of a European institution; and “relevant authorised person” here means a person who is an authorised person for the purposes of the M72Financial Services Act 1986 by virtue of section 31 of that Act.

(2)In section 151 of the M73Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (personal equity plans) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (2)—

(2A)Section 333A of the Taxes Act (personal equity plans: tax representatives) shall apply in relation to regulations under subsection (1) above as it applies in relation to regulations under section 333 of that Act.

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Marginal Citations

65 Contractual savings schemes.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 12 to this Act (which contains provisions about contractual savings schemes) shall have effect.

66 Enterprise investment scheme: ICTA amendments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter III of Part VII of the Taxes Act 1988 as it has effect in relation to shares issued on or after 1st January 1994 (the enterprise investment scheme) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 292 (which denies relief where parallel trades are involved) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (4)—

(5)This section shall not apply where the shares mentioned in subsection (1) above are issued on or after 29th November 1994.

(3)In section 293 (qualifying companies) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (8A) (which defines “the relevant period” for certain purposes)—

(8B)In arriving at the relevant period for the purposes of sections 294 to 296 any time falling on or after 29th November 1994 shall be ignored; and subsection (8A) above shall have effect subject to the preceding provisions of this subsection.

(4)In section 305 (reorganisation of share capital) the following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (4)—

(5)Subsection (2) above shall not apply where the reorganisation occurs on or after 29th November 1994.

(6)Subsection (2) above shall not apply by virtue of subsection (3) above where the rights are disposed of on or after 29th November 1994.

67 Enterprise investment scheme: TCGA amendments.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 13 to this Act (which contains amendments relating to chargeable gains as regards the enterprise investment scheme) shall have effect.

68 Business expansion scheme: ICTA amendmentsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter III of Part VII of the Taxes Act 1988 as it has effect in relation to shares issued before 1st January 1994 (the business expansion scheme) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 289 (the relief) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (12) (which defines “the relevant period” for the purposes of the Chapter)—

(12A)In arriving at the relevant period for the purposes of sections 294 to 296 any time falling on or after 29th November 1994 shall be ignored; and subsection (12) above shall have effect subject to the preceding provisions of this subsection.

(3)In section 305 (reorganisation of share capital) the following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (4)—

(5)Subsection (2) above shall not apply where the reorganisation occurs on or after 29th November 1994.

(6)Subsection (2) above shall not apply by virtue of subsection (3) above where the rights are disposed of on or after 29th November 1994.

69 Business expansion scheme: TCGA amendments.E+W+S+N.I.

In section 150 of the M74Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (business expansion schemes) the following subsections shall be inserted after subsection (8) (which disapplies provisions about exchanges, reconstructions or amalgamations in certain circumstances)—

(8A)Subsection (8) above shall not have effect to disapply section 135 or 136 where—

(a)the new holding consists of new ordinary shares carrying no present or future preferential right to dividends or to a company’s assets on its winding up and no present or future preferential right to be redeemed,

(b)the new shares are issued on or after 29th November 1994 and after the end of the relevant period, and

(c)the condition in subsection (8B) below is fulfilled.

(8B)The condition is that at some time before the issue of the new shares—

(a)the company issuing them issued eligible shares, and

(b)a certificate in relation to those eligible shares was issued by the company for the purposes of subsection (2) of section 306 of the Taxes Act and in accordance with that section.

(8C)In subsection (8A) above—

(a)new holding” shall be construed in accordance with sections 126, 127, 135 and 136;

(b)relevant period” means the period found by applying section 289(12)(a) of the Taxes Act by reference to the company issuing the shares referred to in subsection (8) above and by reference to those shares.

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Marginal Citations

Venture capital trustsE+W+S+N.I.

70 Approval of companies as trusts.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 842 of the Taxes Act 1988 (investment trusts) there shall be inserted the following section—

842AA Venture capital trusts.

(1)In the Tax Acts “venture capital trust” means a company which is not a close company and which is for the time being approved for the purposes of this section by the Board; and an approval for the purposes of this section shall have effect as from such time as may be specified in the approval, being a time which, if it falls before the time when the approval is given, is no earlier than—

(a)in the case of an approval given in the year 1995-96, 6th April 1995; or

(b)in any other case, the time when the application for approval was made.

(2)Subject to the following provisions of this section, the Board shall not approve a company for the purposes of this section unless it is shown to their satisfaction in relation to the most recent complete accounting period of the company—

(a)that the company’s income in that period has been derived wholly or mainly from shares or securities;

(b)that at least 70 per cent. by value of the company’s investments has been represented throughout that period by shares or securities comprised in qualifying holdings of the company;

(c)that at least 30 per cent. by value of the company’s qualifying holdings has been represented throughout that period by holdings of eligible shares;

(d)that no holding in any company, other than a venture capital trust or a company which would qualify as a venture capital trust but for paragraph (e) below, has at any time during that period represented more than 15 per cent. by value of the company’s investments;

(e)that the shares making up the company’s ordinary share capital (or, if there are such shares of more than one class, those of each class) have throughout that period been quoted on the Stock Exchange; and

(f)that the company has not retained more than 15 per cent. of the income it derived in that period from shares and securities.

(3)Where, in the case of any company, the Board are satisfied that the conditions specified in subsection (2) above are fulfilled in relation to the company’s most recent complete accounting period, they shall not approve the company for the purposes of this section unless they are satisfied that the conditions will also be fulfilled in relation to the accounting period of the company which is current when the application for approval is made.

(4)The Board may approve a company for the purposes of this section notwithstanding that conditions specified in subsection (2) above are not fulfilled with respect to that company in relation to its most recent complete accounting period if they are satisfied—

(a)in the case of any of the conditions specified in paragraphs (a), (d), (e) and (f) of that subsection which are not fulfilled, that the conditions will be fulfilled in relation to the accounting period of the company which is current when the application for approval is made or in relation to its next accounting period;

(b)in the case of any of the conditions specified in paragraphs (b) and (c) of that subsection which are not fulfilled, that the conditions will be fulfilled in relation to an accounting period of the company beginning no more than three years after the time when they give their approval or, if earlier, when the approval takes effect; and

(c)in the case of every condition which is not fulfilled but with respect to which the Board are satisfied as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) above, that the condition will continue to be fulfilled in relation to accounting periods following the period in relation to which they are satisfied as so mentioned.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (2)(b) to (d) above the value of any holding of investments of any description shall be taken—

(a)unless—

(i)it is added to by a further holding of investments of the same description, or

(ii)any such payment is made in discharge, in whole or in part, of any obligation attached to the holding as (by discharging the whole or any part of that obligation) increases the value of the holding,

to be its value when acquired, and

(b)where it is so added to or such a payment is made, to be its value immediately after the most recent addition or payment.

(6)The Board may withdraw their approval of a company for the purposes of this section wherever it at any time appears to them that there are reasonable grounds for believing—

(a)that the conditions for the approval of the company were not fulfilled at the time of the approval;

(b)in a case where the Board were satisfied for the purposes of subsection (3) or (4) above that a condition would be fulfilled in relation to any period, that that condition is one which will not be or, as the case may be, has not been fulfilled in relation to that period;

(c)in the case of a company approved in pursuance of subsection (4) above, that the company has not fulfilled such other conditions as may be prescribed by regulations made by the Board in relation to, or to any part of, the period of three years mentioned in subsection (4)(b) above; or

(d)that the company’s most recent complete accounting period or its current one is a period in relation to which there has been or will be a failure of a condition specified in subsection (2) above to be fulfilled, not being a failure which, at the time of the approval, was allowed for in relation to that period by virtue of subsection (4) above.

(7)Subject to subsections (8) and (9) below, the withdrawal of the approval of any company for the purposes of this section shall have effect as from the time when the notice of the withdrawal is given to the company.

(8)If, in the case of a company approved for the purposes of this section in exercise of the power conferred by subsection (4) above, the approval is withdrawn at a time before all the conditions specified in subsection (2) above have been fulfilled with respect to that company in relation either—

(a)to a complete accounting period of twelve months, or

(b)to successive complete accounting periods constituting a continuous period of twelve months or more,

the withdrawal of the approval shall have the effect that the approval shall, for all purposes, be deemed never to have been given.

(9)A notice withdrawing the approval of a company for the purposes of this section may specify a time falling before the time mentioned in subsection (7) above as the time as from which the withdrawal is to be treated as having taken effect for the purposes of section 100 of the 1992 Act; but the time so specified shall be no earlier than the beginning of the accounting period in relation to which it appears to the Board that the condition by reference to which the approval is withdrawn has not been, or will not be, fulfilled.

(10)Notwithstanding any limitation on the time for making assessments, an assessment to any tax chargeable in consequence of the withdrawal of any approval given for the purposes of this section may be made at any time before the end of the period of three years beginning with the time when the notice of withdrawal is given.

(11)The following provisions of section 842 shall apply as follows for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section, that is to say—

(a)subsections (1A) and (2) of that section shall apply in relation to subsection (2)(d) above (but with the omission of subsection (2)(a) of that section) as they apply in relation to subsection (1)(b) of that section;

(b)subsections (2A) to (2C) of that section shall apply in relation to subsection (2)(f) above as they apply in relation to subsection (1)(e) of that section; and

(c)without prejudice to their application in relation to provisions applied by paragraph (a) or (b) above, subsections (3) and (4) of that section shall apply in relation to any reference in this section to a holding or an addition to a holding as they apply in relation to any such reference in that section.

(12)In this section, and in the provisions of section 842 as applied for the purposes of this section, “securities”, in relation to any company—

(a)includes any liability of the company in respect of a loan (whether secured or not) which has been made to the company on terms that do not allow any person to require the loan to be repaid, or any stock or security relating to that loan to be re-purchased or redeemed, within the period of five years from the making of the loan or, as the case may be, the issue of the stock or security; but

(b)does not include any stock or security relating to a loan which has been made to the company on terms which allow any person to require the loan to be repaid, or the stock or security to be re-purchased or redeemed, within that period.

(13)Schedule 28B shall have effect for construing the references in this section to a qualifying holding.

(14)In this section “eligible shares” means shares in a company which are comprised in the ordinary share capital of the company and carry no present or future preferential right to dividends or to the company’s assets on its winding up and no present or future preferential right to be redeemed.

(2)Schedule 14 to this Act (meaning of “qualifying holdings”) shall be inserted, before Schedule 29 to the Taxes Act 1988, as Schedule 28B to that Act, and shall be construed accordingly.

71 Income tax relief.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Chapter IV of Part VII of the Taxes Act 1988 (special provisions), after section 332 there shall be inserted the following section—

332A Venture capital trusts: relief.

Schedule 15B shall have effect for conferring relief from income tax in respect of investments in venture capital trusts and distributions by such trusts.

(2)Schedule 15 to this Act (relief in respect of holdings in a venture capital trust) shall be inserted, before Schedule 16 to the Taxes Act 1988, as Schedule 15B to that Act, and shall be construed accordingly.

(3)In the Table in section 98 of the Management Act (penalties in respect of certain information provisions)—

(a)after the entry in the first column relating to paragraph 14(5) of Schedule 15 to the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following entry—

Schedule 15B, paragraph 5(2);

and

(b)after the entry in the second column relating to paragraph 14(4) of Schedule 15 to the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following entry—

Schedule 15B, paragraph 5(1);.

(4)This section has effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

72 Capital gains.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The M75Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 shall be amended as follows.

(2)In section 100(1) (exemption from charge for gains accruing to authorised unit trusts, investment trusts etc.), after “investment trust” there shall be inserted “ a venture capital trust ”.

(3)In Chapter III of Part IV (miscellaneous provisions relating to securities), after section 151 there shall be inserted the following sections—

151A Venture capital trusts: reliefs.

(1)A gain or loss accruing to an individual on a qualifying disposal of any ordinary shares in a company which—

(a)was a venture capital trust at the time when he acquired the shares, and

(b)is still such a trust at the time of the disposal,

shall not be a chargeable gain or, as the case may be, an allowable loss.

(2)For the purposes of this section a disposal of shares is a qualifying disposal in so far as—

(a)it is made by an individual who has attained the age of eighteen years;

(b)the shares disposed of were not acquired in excess of the permitted maximum for any year of assessment; and

(c)that individual acquired those shares for bona fide commercial purposes and not as part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose of which, or one of the main purposes of which, is the avoidance of tax.

(3)Schedule 5C shall have effect for providing relief in respect of gains invested in venture capital trusts.

(4)In determining for the purposes of this section whether a disposal by any person of shares in a venture capital trust relates to shares acquired in excess of the permitted maximum for any year of assessment, it shall be assumed (subject to subsection (5) below)—

(a)as between shares acquired by the same person on different days, that those acquired on an earlier day are disposed of by that person before those acquired on a later day; and

(b)as between shares acquired by the same person on the same day, that those acquired in excess of the permitted maximum are disposed of by that person before he disposes of any other shares acquired on that day.

(5)It shall be assumed for the purposes of subsection (1) above that a person who disposes of shares in a venture capital trust disposes of shares acquired at a time when it was not such a trust before he disposes of any other shares in that trust.

(6)References in this section to shares in a venture capital trust acquired in excess of the permitted maximum for any year of assessment shall be construed in accordance with the provisions of Part II of Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act; and the provisions of that Part of that Schedule shall apply (with subsections (4) and (5) above) for identifying the shares which are, in any case, to be treated as representing shares acquired in excess of the permitted maximum.

(7)In this section and section 151B “ordinary shares”, in relation to a company, means any shares forming part of the company’s ordinary share capital (within the meaning of the Taxes Act).

151B Venture capital trusts: supplementary.

(1)Sections 104, 105 and 107 shall not apply to any shares in a venture capital trust which are eligible for relief under section 151A(1).

(2)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where—

(a)an individual holds any ordinary shares in a venture capital trust,

(b)some of those shares fall within one of the paragraphs of subsection (3) below, and

(c)others of those shares fall within at least one other of those paragraphs,

then, if there is within the meaning of section 126 a reorganisation affecting those shares, section 127 shall apply separately in relation to the shares (if any) falling within each of the paragraphs of that subsection (so that shares of each kind are treated as a separate holding of original shares and identified with a separate new holding).

(3)The kinds of shares referred to in subsection (2) above are—

(a)any shares in a venture capital trust which are eligible for relief under section 151A(1) and by reference to which any person has been given or is entitled to claim relief under Part I of Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act;

(b)any shares in a venture capital trust which are eligible for relief under section 151A(1) but by reference to which no person has been given, or is entitled to claim, any relief under that Part of that Schedule;

(c)any shares in a venture capital trust by reference to which any person has been given, or is entitled to claim, any relief under that Part of that Schedule but which are not shares that are eligible for relief under section 151A(1); and

(d)any shares in a venture capital trust that do not fall within any of paragraphs (a) to (c) above.

(4)Where—

(a)an individual holds ordinary shares in a company (“the existing holding”),

(b)there is, by virtue of any such allotment for payment as is mentioned in section 126(2)(a), a reorganisation affecting the existing holding, and

(c)immediately following the reorganisation, the shares or the allotted holding are shares falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (3) above,

sections 127 to 130 shall not apply in relation to the existing holding.

(5)Sections 135 and 136 shall not apply where—

(a)the exchanged holding consists of shares falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (3) above; and

(b)that for which the exchanged holding is or is treated as exchanged does not consist of ordinary shares in a venture capital trust.

(6)Where—

(a)the approval of any company as a venture capital trust is withdrawn, and

(b)the withdrawal of the approval is not one to which section 842AA(8) of the Taxes Act applies,

any person who at the time when the withdrawal takes effect is holding shares in that company which (apart from the withdrawal) would be eligible for relief under section 151A(1) shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act, at that time, to have disposed of and immediately re-acquired those shares for a consideration equal to their market value at that time.

(7)The disposal that is deemed to take place by virtue of subsection (6) above shall be deemed for the purposes of section 151A to take place while the company is still a venture capital trust; but, for the purpose of applying sections 104, 105 and 107 to the shares that are deemed to be re-acquired, it shall be assumed that the re-acquisition for which that subsection provides takes place immediately after the company ceases to be such a trust.

(8)For the purposes of this section—

(a)shares are eligible for relief under section 151A(1) at any time when they are held by an individual whose disposal of the shares at that time would (on the assumption, where it is not the case, that the individual attained the age of eighteen years before that time) be a disposal to which section 151A(1) would apply; and

(b)shares shall not, in relation to any time, be treated as shares by reference to which relief has been given under Part I of Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act if that time falls after—

(i)any relief given by reference to those shares has been reduced or withdrawn,

(ii)any chargeable event (within the meaning of Schedule 5C) has occurred in relation to those shares, or

(iii)the death of a person who held those shares immediately before his death;

and

(c)the references, in relation to sections 135 and 136, to the exchanged holding is a reference to the shares in company B or, as the case may be, to the shares or debentures in respect of which shares or debentures are issued under the arrangement in question.

(4)Schedule 16 to this Act (relief on re-investment in venture capital trusts) shall be inserted before Schedule 6, as Schedule 5C, and shall be construed accordingly.

(5)In section 257(1) (gifts to charities etc.), after paragraph (b) there shall be inserted—

and the disposal is not one in relation to which section 151A(1) has effect.

(6)In section 260, after the subsection (6A) inserted by Schedule 13 to this Act (no reduction in the case of a disposal which is a chargeable event for the purposes of Schedule 5B), there shall be inserted—

(6B)Subsection (3) above does not apply, so far as any gain accruing in accordance with paragraphs 4 and 5 of Schedule 5C is concerned, in relation to the disposal which constitutes the chargeable event by virtue of which that gain accrues.

(7)In section 288(1) (interpretation), after the definition of “trading stock” there shall be inserted the following definition—

venture capital trust” has the meaning given by section 842AA of the Taxes Act;.

(8)Subsection (2) above shall have effect in relation to gains accruing on or after 6th April 1995 and the other provisions of this section have effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

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Marginal Citations

73 Regulations.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Treasury may by regulations make such provision as they may consider appropriate for—

(a)giving effect to any relief for which provision is made by Schedule 15B to the Taxes Act 1988 or section 151A of, and Schedule 5C to, the M76Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992; and

(b)preventing such relief from being given except where a claim is made in accordance with the regulations and where such other requirements as may be imposed by the regulations have been complied with.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) above, regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)as to the making of applications for approvals under section 842AA of the Taxes Act 1988 and otherwise as to the procedure in relation to any such applications and the giving of such approvals;

(b)as to the procedure to be followed in connection with the withdrawal of any such approval;

(c)as to the manner in which, and the persons by whom, relief is to be claimed;

(d)as to the obligations of a company which is a venture capital trust if it should appear to the company that the conditions for it to continue to be approved as such a trust are not satisfied;

(e)as to the accounts, records, returns and other information to be kept, and furnished or otherwise made available to the Board, by companies which are or have been venture capital trusts and by persons who hold or have held shares in such companies; and

(f)as to the persons liable to account for any tax becoming due where the approval of a company as a venture capital trust is withdrawn.

(3)Regulations under this section may make provision, in relation to tax credits to which any persons are entitled in respect of distributions of venture capital trusts—

(a)for the credits not to be set against income tax but to be claimed by and paid to the trusts; and

(b)for amounts equal to the credits to be paid by the trusts to the persons who receive or are entitled to receive the distributions;

and any such regulations may provide for sections 234 and 252 of the Taxes Act 1988 (information relating to distributions and rectification of excessive tax credit) to have effect, in relation to the distributions of venture capital trusts or, as the case may be, any provision made by virtue of paragraph (a) or (b) above, with such modifications as may be specified in the regulations.

(4)Regulations under this section may apply the following provisions of the Management Act, as they have effect in the case of repayments in respect of income tax, in relation to cases where amounts are paid to any person in pursuance of regulations made by virtue of subsection (3) above, that is to say—

(a)[F15section 29(1)(c)] (excessive relief);

(b)section 30 (tax repaid in error);

(c)[F16section 86] (interest); and

(d)section 95 (incorrect return or accounts).

[F17and section 86 of that Act may be so applied with such modifications as respects the relevant date as may be specified in the regulations.]

(5)In the Table in section 98 of the Management Act (penalties in respect of certain information provisions), at the end of the entries in the second column there shall be inserted the following entry—

regulations under section 73 of the Finance Act 1995;.

(6)In this section “venture capital trust” has the meaning given by section 842AA of the Taxes Act 1988.

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Amendments (Textual)

F15Words in s. 73(4)(a) substituted (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 18 para. 17 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 132, Sch. 18 para. 16(a)

F16Words in s. 73(4)(c) substituted (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 18 para. 17 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 132, Sch. 18 para. 16(b)

F17Words in s. 73(4) added (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 18 para. 17 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 132, Sch. 18 para. 16(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

Settlements and estatesE+W+S+N.I.

74 Settlements: liability of settlor.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 17 to this Act has effect with respect to settlements and the liability of the settlor, as follows—

  • Part I inserts new provisions in place of sections 660 to 676 and 683 to 685 of the Taxes Act 1988,

  • Part II makes minor and consequential amendments of that Act, and

  • Part III contains consequential amendments of other enactments.

(2)The amendments made by Schedule 17 have effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment and apply to every settlement, wherever and whenever it was made or entered into.

75 Deceased persons’ estates: taxation of beneficiaries.E+W+S+N.I.

Part XVI of the Taxes Act 1988 (deceased persons’ estates) shall have effect with the amendments specified in Schedule 18 to this Act.

76 Untaxed income of a deceased person’s estate.E+W+S+N.I.

[F18(1)In section 246D of the Taxes Act 1988 (foreign income dividends), after subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(3A)Without prejudice to subsection (3) above, a foreign income dividend paid as mentioned in that subsection to personal representatives shall not be treated for the purposes of income tax as income of the personal representatives as such.]

(2)In section 547 of that Act (method of charging certain gains to tax)—

(a)in subsection (1)(c) (case where rights vested in personal representatives), after “gain” there shall be inserted “ (so far as it is not otherwise comprised in that income) ”; and

(b)after subsection (7) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(7A)Where, in the case of any gain—

(a)this section has effect by virtue of subsection (5A) or (7) above with the omission of subsection (5) above, and

(b)the rights conferred by the contract or policy were vested immediately before the happening of the chargeable event in question in personal representatives within the meaning of Part XVI,

the gain shall be deemed for the purposes of income tax to be income of the personal representatives as such.

(3)In section 553 of that Act (non-resident policies), after subsection (7) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(7A)Where, in the case of a gain to which subsection (6)(a) and (b) above applies, the rights conferred by the policy were vested immediately before the happening of the chargeable event in question in personal representatives within the meaning of Part XVI, the gain shall be deemed for the purposes of income tax to be income of the personal representatives as such.

(4)After section 699 of that Act there shall be inserted the following section—

699A Untaxed sums comprised in the income of the estate.

(1)In this section “a relevant amount” means so much of any amount which a person is deemed by virtue of this Part to receive or to have a right to receive as is or would be paid out of sums which—

(a)are included in the aggregate income of the estate of the deceased by virtue of any of sections 246D(3), 249(5), 421(2) and 547(1)(c); and

(b)are sums in respect of which the personal representatives are not directly assessable to United Kingdom income tax.

(2)In determining for the purposes of this Part whether any amount is a relevant amount—

(a)such apportionments of any sums to which subsection (1)(a) and (b) above applies shall be made between different persons with interests in the residue of the estate as are just and reasonable in relation to their different interests; and

(b)subject to paragraph (a) above, the assumption in section 701(3A)(b) shall apply, but (subject to that) it shall be assumed that payments are to be made out of other sums comprised in the aggregate income of the estate before they are made out of any sums to which subsection (1)(a) and (b) above applies.

(3)In the case of a foreign estate, and notwithstanding anything in section 695(4)(b) or 696(6), a relevant amount shall be deemed—

(a)to be income of such amount as would, after deduction of income tax for the year in which it is deemed to be paid, be equal to the relevant amount; and

(b)to be income that has borne tax at the applicable rate.

(4)Sums to which subsection (1)(a) and (b) above applies shall be assumed, for the purpose of determining the applicable rate in relation to any relevant amount, to bear tax—

(a)in the case of sums included by virtue of section 246D(3), 249(5) or 421(2), at the lower rate, and

(b)in the case of sums included by virtue of section 547(1)(c), at the basic rate.

(5)No repayment shall be made of any income tax which by virtue of this Part is treated as having been borne by the income that is represented by a relevant amount.

(6)For the purposes of sections 348 and 349(1) the income represented by a relevant amount shall be treated as not brought into charge to income tax.

(5)In section 701 of that Act (interpretation), after subsection (10), there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(10A)Amounts to which section 699A(1)(a) and (b) applies shall be disregarded in determining whether an estate is a United Kingdom estate or a foreign estate, except that any estate the aggregate income of which comprises only such amounts shall be a United Kingdom estate.

(6)This section has effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

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Amendments (Textual)

F18S. 76(1) repealed (31.7.1997 with effect as mentioned in s. 36 and Sch. 6 of the amending Act) by 1997 c. 58, s. 52, Sch. 8 Pt. II(11) Note (with s. 3(3))

SecuritiesE+W+S+N.I.

F1977 Interest on gilt-edged securities payable without deduction of tax.E+W+S+N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F19S. 77 repealed (31.7.1997 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 8 Pt. II(13) Note of the amending Act) by 1997 c. 58, s. 52, Sch. 8 Pt. II(13) (with s. 3(3))

[F2078 Periodic accounting for tax on interest on gilt-edged securities.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After the section 51A of the Taxes Act 1988 inserted by section 77 above there shall be inserted the following section—

51B Periodic accounting for tax on interest on gilt-edged securities.

(1)The Treasury may by regulations provide for persons to whom payments of interest on relevant gilt-edged securities are made without deduction of tax to be required to make periodic returns to an officer of the Board of—

(a)amounts of any payments of such interest made to that person, and

(b)amounts of tax for which, assuming the payments to bear tax at the basic rate for the relevant year of assessment, that person is to be accountable under the regulations in respect of those payments;

and any such regulations may further provide for the amounts of tax required to be included in any such return to become due, at the time when the return is required to be made, from the person required to make it.

(2)Regulations made by the Treasury for the purposes of this section may—

(a)specify such periods as the Treasury may consider appropriate as the periods for which returns are to be made, and in respect of which any person is to account for tax, under the regulations;

(b)make provision for enabling returns under the regulations to be combined with returns under Schedule 16 and for requiring particulars of claims and calculations made for the purposes of the regulations to be set out in the returns;

(c)provide, in respect of any period for which a return is to be made by any person under the regulations, for that person to be obliged, before the end of the period, to make a payment on account of amounts that may become due from him in respect of that period;

(d)impose a requirement for a special return to be made for the purposes of any obligation imposed by virtue of paragraph (c) above;

(e)provide for the amount which, under the regulations, is to be due from any person in respect of any period to be reduced by reference to amounts which—

(i)are paid by or on behalf of that person under contracts or arrangements relating to transfers of gilt-edged securities; and

(ii)are or fall to be treated as representative of interest on those securities;

(f)authorise amounts in respect of which there is an obligation to account for tax under the regulations to be treated for specified purposes of the Tax Acts as payments on which a person has borne income tax by deduction;

(g)make provision for the assessment of amounts due under the regulations and for the repayment in specified circumstances of amounts paid under the regulations;

(h)make provision for interest to be payable, at such rate as may be determined by or under the regulations, on amounts that have become due under the regulations but have not been paid;

(i)make provision, where payments of interest on any relevant gilt-edged securities would be comprised in the income of a member of Lloyd’s, for obligations that may be imposed by regulations under this section on the person to whom the interest is paid to be imposed, instead, on such other person as may be described in the regulations.

(3)Regulations made by the Treasury for the purposes of this section may—

(a)include provision which for the purposes of the regulations makes any provision corresponding, with or without modifications, to any of the provisions of Schedule 16;

(b)make provision modifying the operation of Schedule 19AB in relation to cases where payments of interest on relevant gilt-edged securities are made without deduction of tax to companies carrying on pension business;

(c)include provision which requires obligations and liabilities under the regulations to be treated as obligations and liabilities to which provisions of Schedule 23 to the Finance Act 1995 (UK representatives) apply; and

(d)include provision which, for any of the purposes of the regulations, applies provisions of sections 126 and 127 of, and Schedule 23 to, that Act in relation to times before those provisions otherwise come into force.

(4)Regulations made by the Treasury for the purposes of this section may—

(a)make different provision for different cases; and

(b)contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential and transitional provision as appears to the Treasury to be appropriate;

and subsection (3) of section 178 of the M77Finance Act 1989 (extent of powers to set rates of interest) shall apply for the purposes of the power conferred by virtue of subsection (2)(h) above as it applies for the purposes of the power to make regulations under that section.

(5)In this section “relevant gilt-edged securities” means securities which are gilt-edged securities within the meaning of section 51A, other than any to which a direction of the Treasury under section 50 relates.

(6)In this section “relevant year of assessment”—

(a)in relation to a manufactured payment, means the year of assessment in which it is received by the person to whom it is paid; and

(b)in relation to any other payment of interest, means the year of assessment in which the payment is made;

and in this subsection “manufactured payment” means any payment which for the purposes of Schedule 23A is a payment of manufactured interest.

(2)In the Table in section 98 of the Management Act (penalties in respect of certain information provisions), immediately before the entry in the second column relating to section 124(3) of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following entry—

regulations under section 51B;.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F20S. 78 repealed (31.7.1998 with effect as mentioned in s. 37(3) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(3) Note

Marginal Citations

79 Sale and repurchase of securities: exclusion from accrued income scheme.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Chapter II of Part XVII of the Taxes Act 1988 (transfers of securities) after section 727 insert—

727A Exception for sale and repurchase of securities.

(1)Where securities are transferred under an agreement to sell them, and under the same or any related agreement the transferor or a person connected with him—

(a)is required to buy back the securities, or

(b)acquires an option, which he subsequently exercises, to buy back the securities,

section 713(2) and (3) and section 716 do not apply to the transfer by the transferor or the transfer back.

(2)For the purposes of this section agreements are related if they are entered into in pursuance of the same arrangement (regardless of the date on which either agreement is entered into).

(3)Section 839 (connected persons) applies for the purposes of this section.

(4)References in this section to buying back securities include buying similar securities.

For this purpose securities are similar if they entitle their holders—

(a)to the same rights against the same persons as to capital and interest, and

(b)to the same remedies for the enforcement of those rights,

notwithstanding any difference in the total nominal amounts of the respective securities or in the form in which they are held or the manner in which they can be transferred.

(5)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a person connected with the transferor who is required to buy securities sold by the transferor shall be treated as being required to buy the securities back, and

(b)a person connected with the transferor who acquires an option to buy securities sold by the transferor shall be treated as acquiring an option to buy the securities back,

notwithstanding that it was not he who sold them..

(2)In section 728 of the Taxes Act 1988 (information) in subsections (1) and (5) for “sections 710 to 727” substitute “ sections 710 to 727A ”.

(3)The above amendments have effect where the agreement to sell the securities is entered into on or after the date on which this Act is passed.

(4)If the appointed day for the purposes of section 737A of the Taxes Act 1988 in relation to any description of securities falls after the date on which this Act is passed, the reference in subsection (3) above to the date on which this Act is passed shall be construed in relation to an agreement relating to securities of that description and to which section 737A would apply if it were in force as a reference to that appointed day.

80 Treatment of price differential on sale and repurchase of securities.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 730 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following sections—

730A Treatment of price differential on sale and repurchase of securities.

(1)Subject to subsection (8) below, this section applies where—

(a)a person (“the original owner”) has transferred any securities to another person (“the interim holder”) under an agreement to sell them;

(b)the original owner or a person connected with him is required to buy them back either—

(i)in pursuance of an obligation to do so imposed by that agreement or by any related agreement, or

(ii)in consequence of the exercise of an option acquired under that agreement or any related agreement;

and

(c)the sale price and the repurchase price are different.

(2)The difference between the sale price and the repurchase price shall be treated for the purposes of the Tax Acts—

(a)where the repurchase price is more than the sale price, as a payment of interest made by the repurchaser on a deemed loan from the interim holder of an amount equal to the sale price; and

(b)where the sale price is more than the repurchase price, as a payment of interest made by the interim holder on a deemed loan from the repurchaser of an amount equal to the repurchase price.

(3)Where any amount is deemed under subsection (2) above to be a payment of interest, that payment shall be deemed for the purposes of the Tax Acts to be one that becomes due at the time when the repurchase price becomes due and, accordingly, is treated as paid when that price is paid.

(4)Where any amount is deemed under subsection (2) above to be a payment of interest, the repurchase price shall be treated for the purposes of the Tax Acts (other than this section and sections 737A and 737C) and (in cases where section 263A of the 1992 Act does not apply) for the purposes of the 1992 Act—

(a)in a case falling within paragraph (a) of that subsection, as reduced by the amount of the deemed payment; and

(b)in a case falling within paragraph (b) of that subsection, as increased by the amount of the deemed payment.

(5)For the purposes of section 209(2)(d) and (da) any amount which is deemed under subsection (2)(a) above to be a payment of interest shall be deemed to be interest in respect of securities issued by the repurchaser and held by the interim holder.

(6)Any amount which—

(a)is deemed under subsection (2) above to be a payment of interest, and

(b)does not fall (apart from this subsection) to be treated as yearly interest,

shall be treated for the purposes of section 338 as if the reference to yearly interest in subsection (3)(a) of that section included a reference to that amount.

(7)The Treasury may by regulations provide for any amount which is deemed under subsection (2) above to be received as a payment of interest to be treated, in such circumstances and to such extent as may be described in the regulations, as comprised in income that is eligible for relief from tax by virtue of section 438, 592(2), 608(2)(a), 613(4), 614(2), (3) or (4), 620(6) or 643(2).

(8)Except where regulations under section 737E otherwise provide, this section does not apply if—

(a)the agreement or agreements under which provision is made for the sale and repurchase are not such as would be entered into by persons dealing with each other at arm’s length; or

(b)all of the benefits or risks arising from fluctuations, before the repurchase takes place, in the market value of the securities sold accrue to, or fall on, the interim holder.

(9)In this section references to the repurchase price are to be construed—

(a)in cases where section 737A applies, and

(b)in cases where section 737A would apply if it were in force in relation to the securities in question,

as references to the repurchase price which is or, as the case may be, would be applicable by virtue of section 737C(3)(b), (9) or (11)(c).

730B Interpretation of section 730A.

(1)For the purposes of section 730A agreements are related if they are entered into in pursuance of the same arrangement (regardless of the date on which either agreement is entered into).

(2)References in section 730A to buying back securities—

(a)shall include references to buying similar securities; and

(b)in relation to a person connected with the original owner, shall include references to buying securities sold by the original owner or similar securities,

notwithstanding (in each case) that the securities bought have not previously been held by the purchaser; and references in that section to repurchase or to a repurchaser shall be construed accordingly.

(3)In section 730A and this section “securities” has the same meaning as in section 737A.

(4)For the purposes of this section securities are similar if they entitle their holders—

(a)to the same rights against the same persons as to capital, interest and dividends, and

(b)to the same remedies for the enforcement of those rights,

notwithstanding any difference in the total nominal amounts of the respective securities or in the form in which they are held or the manner in which they can be transferred.

(5)Section 839 (connected persons) applies for the purposes of section 730A.

[F21(2)In section 729 of that Act (sale and repurchase of securities), after subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)This section shall not apply where section 737A applies; and this section shall be disregarded in determining whether the condition in subsection (2)(b) of that section is fulfilled in any case.]

(3)In subsections (3)(b), (9) and (11)(c) of section 737C of that Act (adjustment of repurchase price), for “the Tax Acts other than section 737A and of the 1992 Act” there shall be substituted, in each case, “ section 730A ”; and after subsection (11) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(11A)The deemed increase of the repurchase price which is made for the purposes of section 730A by subsection (3)(b), (9) or (11)(c) above shall also have effect—

(a)for all the purposes of the Tax Acts, other than section 737A, and

(b)in cases where section 263A of the 1992 Act does not apply, for the purposes of the 1992 Act,

wherever in consequence of that increase there is for the purposes of section 730A no difference between the sale price and the repurchase price.

(4)After section 263 of the M78Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 there shall be inserted the following section—

263A Agreements for sale and repurchase of securities.

(1)Subject to subsections (2) to (4) below, in any case falling within subsection (1) of section 730A of the Taxes Act (treatment of price differential on sale and repurchase of securities) and in any case which would fall within that subsection if the sale price and the repurchase price were different—

(a)the acquisition of the securities in question by the interim holder and the disposal of those securities by him to the repurchaser, and

(b)except where the repurchaser is or may be different from the original owner, the disposal of those securities by the original owner and any acquisition of those securities by the original owner as the repurchaser,

shall be disregarded for the purposes of capital gains tax.

(2)Subsection (1) above does not apply in any case where the repurchase price of the securities in question falls to be calculated for the purposes of section 730A of the Taxes Act by reference to provisions of section 737C of that Act that are not in force in relation to those securities when the repurchase price becomes due.

(3)Subsection (1) above does not apply if—

(a)the agreement or agreements under which provision is made for the sale and repurchase are not such as would be entered into by persons dealing with each other at arm’s length; or

(b)any of the benefits or risks arising from fluctuations, before the repurchase takes place, in the market value of the securities sold accrues to, or falls on, the interim holder.

(4)Subsection (1) above does not apply in relation to any disposal or acquisition of qualifying corporate bonds in a case where the securities disposed of by the original owner or those acquired by him, or by any other person, as the repurchaser are not such bonds.

(5)Expressions used in this section and in section 730A of the Taxes Act have the same meanings in this section as in that section.

(5)This section shall have effect where the agreement to sell the securities is entered into on or after the date on which this Act is passed.

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Amendments (Textual)

F21S. 80(2) repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in s. 159(1) of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. V(21) Note 1

Marginal Citations

81 Manufactured interest payments: exclusion from bond-washing provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 731 of the Taxes Act 1988 (application of sections 732 to 734) is amended as follows.

(2)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)The relevant provisions do not apply where the first buyer is required under the arrangements for the purchase of the securities to make to the person from whom he purchased the securities, not later than the date on which he subsequently sells the securities, a payment of an amount representative of the interest, or is treated by virtue of section 737A(5) as required to make such a payment..

(3)In consequence of the above amendment—

(a)in subsection (2) for “Subject to subsections (3) to (10) below” substitute “ Subject to subsections (2A) to (10) ” below, and for “relate” substitute “ apply ”;

(b)in subsection (3) for “relate to cases” substitute “ apply ”.

(4)The above amendments have effect where the date on which the payment referred to in the inserted subsection (2A) is required to be made, or treated as required to be made, is after the passing of this Act.

F2282. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F22S. 82 repealed (19.3.1997 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 10 para. 7(1) of the amending Act) by 1997 c. 16, ss. 76, 113, Sch. 18 Pt. VI(10) Note 1; S.I. 1997/991, art. 2

83 Power to make special provision for special cases.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Immediately before section 738 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following sections—

737D Power to provide for manufactured payments to be eligible for relief.

(1)The Treasury may by regulations provide for any manufactured payment made to any person to be treated, in such circumstances and to such extent as may be described in the regulations, as comprised in income of that person that is eligible for relief from tax by virtue of section 438, 592(2), 608(2)(a), 613(4), 614(2), (3) or (4), 620(6) or 643(2).

(2)In this section “manufactured payment” means any manufactured dividend, manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividend, within the meaning of Schedule 23A.

737E Power to modify sections 727A, 730A and 737A to 737C.

(1)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for all or any of sections 727A, 730A and 737A to 737C to have effect with modifications in relation to cases involving any arrangement for the sale and repurchase of securities where—

(a)the obligation to make the repurchase is not performed or the option to repurchase is not exercised;

(b)provision is made by or under any agreement for different or additional securities to be treated as, or as included with, securities which, for the purposes of the repurchase, are to represent securities transferred in pursuance of the original sale;

(c)provision is made by or under any agreement for any securities to be treated as not included with securities which, for the purposes of the repurchase, are to represent securities transferred in pursuance of the original sale;

(d)provision is made by or under any agreement for the sale price or repurchase price to be determined or varied wholly or partly by reference to fluctuations, occurring in the period after the making of the agreement for the original sale, in the value of securities transferred in pursuance of that sale, or in the value of securities treated as representing those securities; or

(e)provision is made by or under any agreement for any person to be required, in a case where there are any such fluctuations, to make any payment in the course of that period and before the repurchase price becomes due.

(2)The Treasury may by regulations make provision for all or any of sections 727A, 730A and 737A to 737C to have effect with modifications in relation to cases where—

(a)arrangements, corresponding to those made in cases involving an arrangement for the sale and repurchase of securities, are made by any agreement, or by one or more related agreements, in relation to securities that are to be redeemed in the period after their sale; and

(b)those arrangements are such that the person making the sale or a person connected with him (instead of being required to repurchase the securities or acquiring an option to do so) is granted rights in respect of the benefits that will accrue from their redemption.

(3)The Treasury may by regulations provide that section 730A is to have effect with modifications in relation to cases involving any arrangement for the sale and repurchase of securities where there is an agreement relating to the sale or repurchase which is not such as would be entered into by persons dealing with each other at arm’s length.

(4)The powers conferred by subsections (1) and (2) above shall be exercisable in relation to section 263A of the 1992 Act as they are exercisable in relation to section 730A of this Act.

(5)Regulations made for the purposes of this section may—

(a)make different provision for different cases; and

(b)contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential and transitional provision as appears to the Treasury to be appropriate.

(6)The supplementary, incidental and consequential provision that may be made by regulations under this section shall include—

(a)in the case of regulations relating to section 730A, provision modifying subsections (3)(b), (9), (11)(c) and (11A) of section 737C; and

(b)in the case of regulations relating to section 263A of the 1992 Act, provision modifying the operation of that Act in relation to cases where by virtue of the regulations any acquisition or disposal is excluded from those which are to be disregarded for the purposes of capital gains tax.

(7)In this section “modifications” includes exceptions and omissions; and any power under this section to provide for an enactment to have effect with modifications in any case shall include power to provide for it not to apply (if it otherwise would do) in that case.

(8)References in this section to a case involving an arrangement for the sale and repurchase of securities are references to any case where—

(a)a person makes a sale of any securities under any agreement (“the original sale”); and

(b)that person or a person connected with him either—

(i)is required under that agreement or any related agreement to buy them back; or

(ii)acquires, under that agreement or any related agreement, an option to buy them back.

(9)Section 730B shall apply for the purposes of this section as it applies for the purposes of section 730A.

(2)In section 182(1) of the M79Finance Act 1993 and section 229 of the M80Finance Act 1994 (powers to modify provisions relating to Lloyd’s), the following paragraph shall be inserted, in each case, after paragraph (c)—

(ca)for modifying the application of this Chapter in relation to cases where assets forming part of a premiums trust fund are the subject of—

(i)any such arrangement as is mentioned in section 129(1), (2) or (2A) of the Taxes Act 1988 (stock lending etc.); or

(ii)any such arrangements or agreements as are mentioned in section 737E(2) and (8) of the Taxes Act 1988 (sale and repurchase of securities etc.);.

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Marginal Citations

F2384. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F23S. 84 repealed (19.3.1997 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 10 para. 7(1) of the amending Act) by 1997 c. 16, ss. 76, 113, Sch. 18 Pt. VI(10) Note 1; S.I. 1997/991, art. 2

F2485. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F24S. 85 repealed (19.3.1997 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 10 para. 7(1) of the amending Act) by 1997 c. 16, ss. 76, 113, Sch. 18 Pt. VI(10) Note 1; S.I. 1997/991, art. 2

InterestE+W+S+N.I.

86 Deduction of tax from interest on deposits.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 481(4) of the Taxes Act 1988 (meaning of “relevant deposit” for the purposes of provisions relating to the deduction of tax), after paragraph (c) there shall be inserted or

(d)any interest in respect of the deposit is income arising to the trustees of a discretionary or accumulation trust in their capacity as such;

and for “subsection (5)” there shall be substituted “ any of subsections (5) to (5B) ”.

(2)After subsection (4) of section 481 of that Act there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(4A)For the purposes of the relevant provisions a trust is a discretionary or accumulation trust if it is such that some or all of any income arising to the trustees would fall (unless treated as income of the settlor or applied in defraying expenses of the trustees) to be comprised for the year of assessment in which it arises in income to which section 686 applies.

(3)In section 481(5)(k) of that Act (declaration by virtue of which deposit is not a relevant deposit)—

(a)the word “that” before sub-paragraph (i) shall be omitted;

(b)in sub-paragraph (i), at the beginning there shall be inserted “ in a case falling within subsection (4)(a) or (b) above, that ”;

(c)in sub-paragraph (ii), after “above” there shall be inserted “ , that ”; and

(d)after sub-paragraph (ii) there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraph—

(iii)in a case falling within subsection (4)(d) above, that, at the time when the declaration is made, the trustees are not resident in the United Kingdom and do not have any reasonable grounds for believing that any of the beneficiaries of the trust is an individual who is ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom or a company which is resident in the United Kingdom.

(4)After subsection (5A) of section 481 of that Act there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5B)In a case falling within subsection (4)(d) above, a deposit shall not be taken to be a relevant deposit in relation to a payment of interest in respect of that deposit if—

(a)the deposit was made before 6th April 1995; and

(b)the deposit-taker has not, at any time since that date but before the making of the payment, been given a notification by the Board or any of the trustees in question that interest in respect of that deposit is income arising to the trustees of a discretionary or accumulation trust.

(5)In section 482(2) of that Act (contents of declaration under section 481(5)(k)), for paragraph (a) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(a)if made under sub-paragraph (i) or (iii), contain an undertaking by the person making it that where—

(i)the individual or any of the individuals in respect of whom it is made becomes ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom,

(ii)the trustees or any company in respect of whom it is made become or becomes resident in the United Kingdom, or

(iii)an individual who is ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom or a company which is resident in the United Kingdom becomes or is found to be a beneficiary of a trust to which the declaration relates,

the person giving the undertaking will notify the deposit-taker accordingly; and.

(6)After subsection (5) of section 482 of that Act there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)The persons who are to be taken for the purposes of section 481(5)(k)(iii) and subsection (2) above to be the beneficiaries of a discretionary or accumulation trust shall be every person who, as a person falling wholly or partly within any description of actual or potential beneficiaries, is either—

(a)a person who is, or will or may become, entitled under the trust to receive the whole or any part of any income under the trust; or

(b)a person to or for the benefit of whom the whole or any part of any such income may be paid or applied in exercise of any discretion conferred by the trust;

and for the purposes of this subsection references, in relation to a trust, to income under the trust shall include references to so much (if any) of any property falling to be treated as capital under the trust as represents amounts originally received by the trustees as income.

(7)In section 482(6) of that Act (definitions for the purposes of section 481(5)), in the definition of “appropriate person”, for “as a personal representative in his capacity as such” there shall be substituted “ in his capacity as a personal representative or as a trustee of a discretionary or accumulation trust ”.

(8)In section 482(11) of that Act (power to make regulations), after paragraph (aa) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(ab)with respect to—

(i)the manner and form in which a notification for the purposes of section 481(5B) is to be given or may be withdrawn, and

(ii)the circumstances in which the deposit-taker is to be entitled to delay acting on such a notification,

and.

(9)In section 482A(1) of that Act (power to make regulations excluding audit requirements in certain cases), after “United Kingdom” there shall be inserted “ , or investments of trustees who are not resident in the United Kingdom, ”.

(10)The preceding provisions of this section apply in relation to any payments made on or after 6th April 1996.

(11)Notwithstanding the repeal of section 67 of the Taxes Act 1988 by the M81Finance Act 1994 or anything contained in the transitional provisions relating to that repeal, where—

(a)this section has effect so as to require any deposit made before 6th April 1996 to be treated in relation to payments made after a time falling before 6th April 1998 as a relevant deposit for the purposes of section 480A(1) of the Taxes Act 1988, and

(b)section 67(2) of that Act does not otherwise apply in relation to the liability to deduction of tax that begins at that time,

section 67(1) of the Taxes Act 1988 shall apply in respect of payments made before that time as if the deposit were a source of income that the trustees in question ceased to possess at that time.

(12)An officer of the Board may, by notice to any of the trustees of a trust, require the trustees to provide the Board with the following, that is to say—

(a)information about any notification given by any of the trustees for the purposes of subsection (5B) of section 481 of the Taxes Act 1988; and

(b)such information as the Board may reasonably require for the purposes of themselves giving a notification under that subsection with respect to any income arising to the trustees;

and section 98 of the Management Act (penalties in respect of special returns) shall have effect with a reference to this subsection inserted at the end of the first column of the Table.

(13)Where a notice given by the Board before the passing of this Act requires any such information as is mentioned in subsection (12) above to be provided to the Board, and the period within which that information was required to be so provided does not expire until at least one month after the passing of this Act, that notice shall have effect as if given after the passing of this Act in accordance with that subsection.

(14)Without prejudice to section 20(2) of the Interpretation Act 1978 (references to other enactments) and subject to any provision to the contrary made in exercise of any power to make, revoke or amend any subordinate legislation, the enactments and subordinate legislation having effect, apart from this section, in relation to any provisions of the M82Taxes Act 1988 amended by this section shall be assumed, in cases where this section applies, to have the corresponding effect in relation to those provisions as so amended.

(15)In this section “subordinate legislation” has the same meaning as in the M83Interpretation Act 1978.

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Marginal Citations

87 Interest payments deemed to be distributions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (2) of section 209 of the Taxes Act 1988 (meaning of “distribution” for the purposes of the Corporation Tax Acts), after paragraph (d) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(da)any interest or other distribution out of assets of the company (“the issuing company”) in respect of securities issued by that company which are held by another company where—

(i)the issuing company is a 75 per cent. subsidiary of the other company or both are 75 per cent. subsidiaries of a third company, and

(ii)the whole or any part of the distribution represents an amount which would not have fallen to be paid to the other company if the companies had been companies between whom there was (apart from in respect of the securities in question) no relationship, arrangements or other connection (whether formal or informal),

except so much, if any, of any such distribution as does not represent such an amount or as is a distribution by virtue of paragraph (d) above or an amount representing the principal secured by the securities;.

(2)In paragraph (e) of that subsection—

(a)for “paragraph (d)” there shall be substituted “ paragraph (d) or (da) ”; and

(b)sub-paragraphs (iv) and (v) (distribution in respect of securities of subsidiaries of non-resident companies etc.) shall be omitted;

and, in subsection (3) of that section, for “subsection (2)(d)” there shall be substituted “ subsection (2)(d), (da) ”.

(3)After subsection (8) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(8A)For the purposes of paragraph (da) of subsection (2) above subsections (2) to (4) of section 808A shall apply as they apply for the purposes of a special relationship provision such as is mentioned in that section but as if—

(a)the references in those subsections to the relationship in question were references to any relationship, arrangements or other connection between the issuing company and the other company mentioned in sub-paragraph (ii) of that paragraph; and

(b)the provision in question required no account to be taken, in the determination of any of the matters mentioned in subsection (8B) below, of (or of any inference capable of being drawn from) any other relationship, arrangements or connection (whether formal or informal) between the issuing company and any person, except where that person—

(i)has no relevant connection with the issuing company, or

(ii)is a company that is a member of the same UK grouping as the issuing company.

(8B)The matters mentioned in subsection (8A)(b) above are the following—

(a)the appropriate level or extent of the issuing company’s overall indebtedness;

(b)whether it might be expected that the issuing company and a particular person would have become parties to a transaction involving the issue of a security by the issuing company or the making of a loan, or a loan of a particular amount, to that company; and

(c)the rate of interest and other terms that might be expected to be applicable in any particular case to such a transaction.

(8C)For the purposes of subsection (8A) above a person has a relevant connection with the issuing company if he is connected with it within the terms of section 839 or that person (without being so connected to the issuing company) is—

(a)an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary of the issuing company; or

(b)a company of which the issuing company is an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary.

(8D)For the purposes of subsection (8A) above any question as to what constitutes the UK grouping of which the issuing company is a member or as to the other members of that grouping shall be determined as follows—

(a)where the issuing company has no effective 51 per cent. subsidiaries and is not an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary of a company resident in the United Kingdom, the issuing company shall be taken to be a member of a UK grouping of which it is itself the only member;

(b)where the issuing company has one or more effective 51 per cent. subsidiaries and is not an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary of a company resident in the United Kingdom, the issuing company shall be taken to be a member of a UK grouping of which the only members are the issuing company and its effective 51 per cent. subsidiaries; and

(c)where the issuing company is an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary of a company resident in the United Kingdom (“the UK holding company”), the issuing company shall be taken to be a member of a UK grouping of which the only members are—

(i)the UK holding company or, if there is more than one company resident in the United Kingdom of which the issuing company is an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary, such one of them as is not itself an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary of any of the others, and

(ii)the effective 51 per cent. subsidiaries of the company which is a member of that grouping by virtue of sub-paragraph (i) above.

(8E)For the purposes of subsections (8C) and (8D) above section 170(7) of the 1992 Act shall apply for determining whether a company is an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary of another company but shall so apply as if the question whether the effective 51 per cent. subsidiaries of a company resident in the United Kingdom (“the putative holding company”) include either—

(a)the issuing company, or

(b)a company of which the issuing company is an effective 51 per cent. subsidiary,

were to be determined without regard to any beneficial entitlement of the putative holding company to any profits or assets of any company resident outside the United Kingdom.

(8F)References in subsections (8D) and (8E) above to a company that is resident in the United Kingdom shall not include references to a company which is a dual resident company for the purposes of section 404.

(4)In section 212 of that Act (exceptions from the definition of a “distribution” for certain interest and other payments)—

(a)in subsection (1), in paragraph (b), after “within” there shall be inserted “ paragraph (da) of section 209(2) or ”;

(b)in subsection (3)—

(i)at the beginning there shall be inserted “ Without prejudice to subsection (4) below, ”; and

(ii)at the end there shall be inserted “ and does not apply in relation to any interest or distribution falling within section 209(2)(da) if that interest or distribution is otherwise outside the matters in respect of which that company is within the charge to corporation tax. ”; and

(c)after subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(4)Where any interest or other distribution is paid to a charity (within the meaning of section 506) or to any of the bodies mentioned in section 507, the interest or distribution so paid shall not be a distribution for the purposes of the Corporation Tax Acts if it would otherwise fall to be treated as such a distribution by virtue only of paragraph (da) of section 209(2).

(5)In section 710(3)(a) of that Act (meaning of securities), for “section 209(2)(e)(iv) or (v)” there shall be substituted “ section 209(2)(da) ”.

[F25(6)In paragraph 5(5) of Schedule 4 to that Act (deep discount securities), for “section 209(2)(d)” there shall be substituted “ section 209(2)(d), (da) ”.]

(7)This section has effect, subject to subsection (8) below, in relation to any interest or other distribution paid on or after 29th November 1994.

(8)This section shall not have effect in relation to any interest or other distribution paid before 1st April 1995 in respect of any security if the security is one in the case of which a notice given before 29th November 1994 under Regulation 2(2) of the M84Double Taxation Relief (Taxes on Income) (General) Regulations 1970 was in force immediately before 29th November 1994 as regards payments of interest or other distributions made in respect of that security.

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Amendments (Textual)

F25S. 87(6) repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in ss. 80-105) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. V(3)

Marginal Citations

DebtsE+W+S+N.I.

[F2688 Generalisation of ss.63 to 66 of Finance Act 1993.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In sections 63 to 66 of the M85Finance Act 1993 (deemed periodic disposal of certain debts), for “the resident company”, wherever occurring, substitute “ the creditor company ”.

(2)After section 62 of that Act insert—

62A Application of sections 63 to 66: supplementary.

In sections 63 to 66 below as they apply by virtue of section 61 above—

(a)the creditor company” means the company identified in subsection (1) of that section as the person entitled to the debt (referred to there as “the resident company”); and

(b)the commencement date” means 1st April 1993..

(3)In section 63 of that Act, omit subsection (12) (meaning of “commencement date”).

(4)The above amendments shall be deemed always to have had effect.

(5)Anything done before the passing of this Act under or by reference to the provisions of sections 63 to 66 of the Finance Act 1993 as originally enacted shall have effect as if done under or by reference to those provisions as amended by this section.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F26S. 88 repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in ss. 80-105 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. V(3) Note

Marginal Citations

[F2789 Application of ss.63 to 66 to debts held by associates of banks.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A debt is a qualifying debt for the purposes of sections 63 to 66 of the M86Finance Act 1993 (deemed periodic disposal of certain debts) at any time if, at that time, the person entitled to the debt is a company which—

(a)is resident in the United Kingdom, and

(b)is an associated company of a company (whether or not itself resident in the United Kingdom) which carries on a banking business in the United Kingdom,

and the debt is not an exempted debt as defined by the following provisions.

(2)A debt is an exempted debt for those purposes at any time if at that time it is held by the company entitled to it for the purposes of long term insurance business.

(3)A debt is an exempted debt for those purposes at any time if each of the first, second and third conditions mentioned below—

(a)is fulfilled at that time,

(b)has been fulfilled throughout so much of the period of the debt as falls before that time, and

(c)is likely to be fulfilled throughout so much of that period as falls after that time.

(4)The first condition is that the terms of the debt provide that any interest carried by it shall be at a rate which falls into one, and one only, of the following categories—

(a)a fixed rate which is the same throughout the period of the debt,

(b)a rate which bears to a standard published rate the same fixed relationship throughout that period, and

(c)a rate which bears to a published index of prices the same fixed relationship throughout that period.

(5)The second condition is that those terms provide for any such interest to be payable as it accrues at intervals of 12 months or less.

(6)The third condition is that the terms of the debt are not such—

(a)in the case of a debt on a security, that the security is a deep discount or deep gain security, or

(b)in any other case, that if the debt were a debt on a security it would be a deep discount or deep gain security.

In this subsection “deep discount security” has the same meaning as in Schedule 4 to the Taxes Act 1988 and “deep gain security” has the same meaning as in Schedule 11 to the M87Finance Act 1989, disregarding paragraph 1(4)(c) of that Schedule.

(7)In this section—

  • associated company” shall be construed in accordance with section 416 of the Taxes Act 1988;

  • long term insurance business” means insurance business of any of the classes specified in Schedule 1 to the M88Insurance Companies Act 1982; and

  • published index of prices” means the retail prices index or any similar general index of prices which is published by, or by an agent of, the government of any territory outside the United Kingdom.

(8)In sections 63 to 66 of the M89Finance Act 1993 as they apply by virtue of this section “the creditor company” means the company identified in subsection (1) above as the person entitled to the debt.

(9)In sections 63 to 66 of the M90Finance Act 1993 as they apply by virtue of this section “the commencement date” means—

(a)in relation to a debt not falling within subsection (10) below, 29th November 1994; and

(b)in relation to a debt falling within that subsection, 1st April 1996.

(10)A debt falls within this subsection if the person liable for it is—

(a)an institution which is a higher education institution for the purposes of section 65 of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 or Article 30 of the M91Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1993,

(b)an institution which is an institution within the higher education sector for the purposes of the M92Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992, or

(c)a registered housing association within the meaning of the Housing Associations Act 1985 or Part II of the M93Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1992,

and that person was so liable at the end of 28th November 1994.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F27S. 89 repealed (29.4.1996 with effect as mentioned in ss. 80-105 of the amending Act) by 1996 c. 8, s. 205, Sch. 41 Pt. V(3) Note

Marginal Citations

ReliefsE+W+S+N.I.

90 Relief for post-cessation expenditure.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Chapter VI of Part IV of the Taxes Act 1988 (provisions relating to the Schedule D charge: discontinuance, &c.), after section 109 insert—

Relief for post-cessation expenditureE+W+S+N.I.
109A Relief for post-cessation expenditure.

(1)Where in connection with a trade, profession or vocation formerly carried on by him which has been permanently discontinued a person makes, within seven years of the discontinuance, a payment to which this section applies, he may, by notice given within twelve months from the 31st January next following the year of assessment in which the payment is made, claim relief from income tax on an amount of his income for that year equal to the amount of the payment.

(2)This section applies to payments made wholly and exclusively—

(a)in remedying defective work done, goods supplied or services rendered in the course of the former trade, profession or vocation or by way of damages (whether awarded or agreed) in respect of any such defective work, goods or services; or

(b)in defraying the expenses of legal or other professional services in connection with any claim that work done, goods supplied or services rendered in the course of the former trade, profession or vocation was or were defective;

(c)in insuring against any liabilities arising out of any such claim or against the incurring of such expenses; or

(d)for the purpose of collecting a debt taken into account in computing the profits or gains of the former trade, profession or vocation.

(3)Where a payment of any of the above descriptions is made in circumstances such that relief under this section is available, the following shall be treated as sums to which section 103 applies (whether or not they would be so treated apart from this subsection)—

(a)in the case of a payment within paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (2) above, any sum received, by way of the proceeds of insurance or otherwise, for the purpose of enabling the payment to be made or by means of which it is reimbursed,

(b)in the case of a payment within paragraph (c) of that subsection, any sum (not falling within paragraph (a) above) received by way of refund of premium or otherwise in connection with the insurance, and

(c)in the case of a payment within paragraph (d) of that subsection, any sum received to meet the costs of collecting the debt;

and no deduction shall be made under section 105 in respect of any such sums.

Where such a sum is received in a year of assessment earlier than that in which the related payment is made, it shall be treated as having been received in that later year and not in the earlier year; and any such adjustment shall be made, by way of modification of any assessment or discharge or repayment of tax, as is required to give effect to this subsection.

(4)Where a trade, profession or vocation carried on by a person has been permanently discontinued and subsequently an unpaid debt which was taken into account in computing the profits or gains of that trade, profession or vocation and to the benefit of which he is entitled—

(a)is proved to be bad, or

(b)is released, in whole or in part, as part of a relevant arrangement or compromise (within the meaning of section 74),

he shall be treated as making a payment to which this section applies of an amount equal to the amount of the debt or, as the case may be, the amount released or, if he was entitled to only part of the benefit of the debt, to an appropriate proportion of that amount.

If any sum is subsequently received by him in payment of a debt for which relief has been given by virtue of this subsection, the sum shall be treated as one to which section 103 applies; and no deduction shall be made under section 105 in respect of any such sum.

(5)Where in the case of a trade, profession or vocation which has subsequently been permanently discontinued a deduction was made in computing the profits or losses of the trade, profession or vocation in respect of an expense not actually paid (an “unpaid expense”), then—

(a)if relief under this section in connection with that trade, profession or vocation is claimed in respect of any year of assessment, the amount of the relief shall be reduced by the amount of any unpaid expenses at the end of that year;

(b)for the purposes of the application of paragraph (a) above in relation to a subsequent year of assessment, any amount by which relief under this section has been reduced by virtue of that paragraph shall be treated as having been paid in respect of the expense in question; and

(c)if subsequently any amount is in fact paid in respect of an expense in respect of which a reduction has been made under paragraph (a), that amount (or, if less, the amount of the reduction) shall be treated as a payment to which this section applies.

(6)Relief shall not be given under this section in respect of an amount for which relief has been given or is available under any other provision of the Income Tax Acts.

In applying this subsection relief available under section 105 shall be treated as given in respect of other amounts before any amount in respect of which relief is available under this section.

(7)This section does not apply for the purposes of corporation tax..

(2)Section 109A(1) of the Taxes Act 1988 (inserted by subsection (1) above) has effect as respects the years 1994-95 and 1995-96 with the substitution for the words “twelve months from the 31st January next following” of the words “ two years after ”.

(3)In section 110(1) of the Taxes Act 1988 (interpretation, &c.) for “sections 103 to 109” substitute “ sections 103 to 109A ”.

(4)Where under section 109A of the Taxes Act 1988 (inserted by subsection (1) above) a person makes a claim for relief for a year of assessment in respect of an amount which is available for relief under that section, he may in the notice by which the claim is made make a claim to have so much of that amount as cannot be set off against his income for the year (the “excess relief”) treated for the purposes of capital gains tax as an allowable loss accruing to him in that year.

(5)No relief shall be available by virtue of subsection (4) above in respect of so much of the excess relief as exceeds the amount on which the claimant would be chargeable to capital gains tax for that year if the following (and the effect of that subsection) were disregarded—

(a)any allowable losses falling to be carried forward to that year from a previous year for the purposes of section 2(2) of the M94Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992;

(b)section 3(1) of that Act (the annual exempt amount); and

(c)any relief against capital gains tax under section 72 of the M95Finance Act 1991 (deduction of trading losses).

(6)In section 105(2) of the Taxes Act 1988 (deductions allowed against post-cessation receipts: exclusion of amounts allowed elsewhere), after “any other provision of the Tax Acts” insert “ or by virtue of section 90(4) of the Finance Act 1995 ”.

(7)This section has effect in relation to payments made or treated as made (see subsection (4) of section 109A of the Taxes Act 1988 inserted by subsection (1) above) on or after 29th November 1994.

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Marginal Citations

91 Employee liabilities and indemnity insurance.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 201 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following section—

201AA Employee liabilities and indemnity insurance.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, the following may be deducted from the emoluments of any office or employment to be assessed to tax, if defrayed out of those emoluments, that is to say—

(a)any amount paid in or towards the discharge of a qualifying liability of the person who is the holder of the office or employment;

(b)costs or expenses incurred in connection with any claim that that person is subject to such a liability or with any proceedings relating to or arising out of such a claim; and

(c)so much (if any) of any premium paid under a qualifying contract of insurance as relates to the indemnification of that person against a qualifying liability or to the payment of any such costs or expenses.

(2)For the purposes of this section a liability is a qualifying liability, in relation to any office or employment, if it is imposed either—

(a)in respect of any acts or omissions of a person in his capacity as the holder of that office or employment or in any other capacity in which he acts in the performance of the duties of that office or employment; or

(b)in connection with any proceedings relating to or arising out of a claim that a person is subject to a liability imposed in respect of any such acts or omissions.

(3)For the purposes of this section a qualifying contract of insurance is a contract of insurance which—

(a)so far as the risks insured against are concerned, relates exclusively to one or more of the matters mentioned in subsection (4) below;

(b)is not connected with any other contract;

(c)does not contain provision entitling the insured, in addition to cover for the risks insured against and any right to renew the policy, to receive any payment or other benefit the entitlement to which is something to which a significant part of the premium under the contract is reasonably attributable; and

(d)is a contract the period of insurance under which does not exceed two years (except by virtue of one or more renewals each for a period of two years or less) and is not a contract which the insured is required to renew for any period.

(4)The matters referred to in subsection (3)(a) above in relation to any contract of insurance are the following, that is to say—

(a)the indemnification of any person holding any office or employment against any qualifying liability;

(b)the indemnification of any person against any vicarious liability in respect of acts or omissions giving rise, in the case of another, to such a qualifying liability;

(c)the payment of some or all of the costs or expenses incurred by or on behalf of that or any other person in connection with any claim that a person is subject to a liability to which the insurance relates or with any proceedings relating to or arising out of such a claim; and

(d)the indemnification of any person against any loss from the payment by him (whether or not in discharge of any liability) to a person holding an office or employment under him of any amount in respect of a qualifying liability or of any such costs or expenses.

(5)For the purposes of this section a contract of insurance is connected with another contract at any time at or after the time when they have both been entered into if—

(a)either of them was entered into by reference to the other or with a view to enabling the other to be entered into on particular terms or to facilitating the other being entered into on particular terms; and

(b)the terms on which either of them was entered into would have been significantly different if it had not been entered into in anticipation of the other being entered into or if the other had not also been entered into.

(6)Two or more contracts of insurance shall not be prevented by virtue of paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above from being qualifying contracts if—

(a)they each satisfy the requirements of paragraphs (a), (c) and (d) of that subsection; and

(b)the only respects in which there is a significant difference between the terms on which any of those contracts is entered into and what would have been those terms if the other contract or contracts had not been entered into consist in such reductions of premium as are reasonably attributable to—

(i)the fact that, where different contracts have been entered into as part of a single transaction, the premium under each of the contracts has been fixed by reference to the appropriate proportion of what would have been the premium under a single contract relating to all the risks covered by the different contracts; or

(ii)the fact that the contract in question contains a right to renew or is entered into by way of renewal or in pursuance of such a right.

(7)For the purpose of determining the different parts of any premium under any contract of insurance which are to be treated for the purposes of this section as paid in respect of the different risks, different persons and different offices and employments to which the contract relates, such apportionment of that premium shall be made as may be reasonable.

(8)Where it would be unlawful for a person under whom any other person holds any office or employment to enter into a contract of insurance in respect of liabilities of any description or in respect of costs or expenses of any description, no deduction may be made under this section in respect of—

(a)the discharge of any liability of that other person which is a liability of that description; or

(b)any costs or expenses incurred by or on behalf of that other person which are costs or expenses of that description.

(9)References in this section to a premium, in relation to a contract of insurance, are references to any amount payable under the contract to the insurer.

(2)In sections 141(3), 142(2), 153(2) and 156(8) of that Act (which make provision, in relation to non-cash vouchers, credit-tokens, expenses and benefits in kind, about amounts which would have been deductible under certain provisions if paid out of a person’s emoluments), after “201”, in each case, there shall be inserted “ 201AA ”.

(3)This section has effect for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

92 Post-employment deductions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where any individual who has held any office or employment (“the former employee”) defrays any amount to which this section applies, he shall be entitled, on making a claim for the purpose, to a deduction of that amount in computing, for income tax purposes, his total income for the year of assessment in which that amount is defrayed.

(2)This section applies to any amount defrayed by the former employee where that amount—

(a)is defrayed by him in the period beginning when he ceased to hold the relevant office or employment and ending with the sixth year of assessment after that in which he ceased to hold it; and

(b)is not deductible in pursuance of section 201AA of the Taxes Act 1988 from the emoluments of that office or employment to be assessed for tax but would be so deductible if—

(i)the former employee had continued to hold that office or employment, and

(ii)that amount had been defrayed out of the emoluments of that office or employment for the year of assessment in which it is in fact defrayed.

(3)In determining for the purposes of subsection (2) above whether any amount would be deductible as mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection, the assumption in sub-paragraph (i) of that paragraph shall be disregarded when identifying the liabilities which are to be regarded as qualifying liabilities within the meaning of section 201AA of the Taxes Act 1988.

(4)This section shall not apply to any amount defrayed by the former employee in so far as the cost of defraying that amount, without being met out of his relevant retirement benefits or post-employment emoluments, is borne—

(a)by the person under whom he held the relevant office or employment;

(b)by a person for the time being carrying on the whole or any part of the business or other undertaking for the purposes of which the former employee held that office or employment;

(c)by a person who is for the time being subject to any of the liabilities with respect to that business or other undertaking of the person mentioned in paragraph (a) above;

(d)by a person who within the terms of section 839 of the Taxes Act 1988 is connected with a person falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (c) above; or

(e)out of the proceeds of any contract of insurance relating to the matters in respect of which the amount is defrayed.

(5)In so far as the amount of any expenditure which is either—

(a)defrayed by any person mentioned in subsection (4)(a) to (d) above, or

(b)borne as mentioned in subsection (4)(a) to (e) above,

is an amount which falls to be treated as a relevant retirement benefit or post-employment emolument of the former employee, that amount shall be deemed for the purposes of this section to be an amount defrayed by the former employee out of that benefit or emolument.

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below, if an amount to which this section applies exceeds by any amount (“the excess relief”) the amount from which it is deductible in accordance with subsection (1) above, the former employee shall be entitled, on making a claim for the purpose, to have the amount of the excess relief treated for the purposes of capital gains tax as an allowable loss accruing to that person for that year of assessment.

(7)No relief shall be available by virtue of this section in respect of so much of the excess relief for any year of assessment as exceeds the maximum amount.

(8)For the purposes of subsection (7) above the maximum amount, in relation to the excess relief for any year of assessment, is the amount on which the claimant would be chargeable to capital gains tax for that year if the following (together with any relief available under this section) were disregarded, that is to say—

(a)any allowable losses falling to be carried forward to that year from a previous year for the purposes of section 2(2) of the M96Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992;

(b)section 3(1) of that Act (the annual exempt amount); and

(c)any relief against capital gains tax under section 72 of the M97Finance Act 1991 (deduction of trading losses) or under section 90(4) of this Act.

(9)In this section—

  • post-employment emolument”, in relation to the former employee, means so much of any amount as, having been received when the relevant office or employment is no longer held by the former employee, is treated for the purposes of the Income Tax Acts as an emolument of that office or employment;

  • the relevant office or employment”, in relation to the former employee, means the office or employment in respect of which he is the former employee; and

  • relevant retirement benefit”, in relation to the former employee, means so much of any amount as, in accordance with section 596A of the Taxes Act 1988, is chargeable to tax as a benefit received by him under a retirement benefits scheme of which he is a member in respect of the relevant office or employment.

[F28(10)Tax shall not be charged under section 148 of the Taxes Act 1988 (payments and other benefits in connection with termination of employment etc) in respect of a payment or other benefit received by an individual, or an individual’s executors or administrators, in so far as—

(a)in the case of a cash benefit, it is provided for meeting the cost of an amount to which this subsection applies, or

(b)in the case of a non-cash benefit, it is or represents a benefit equivalent to the cost of defraying such an amount.

This subsection applies to an amount which, without being an amount to which this section applies, would fall to be treated as such an amount if subsection (4) of this section were omitted and, where the individual has died, he had not died but had himself defrayed any amounts defrayed by his executors or administrators.]

(11)This section applies for the year 1995-96 and subsequent years of assessment.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F28S. 92(10) substituted (31.7.1998 with effect as mentioned in s. 58(4) of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 58(3)(4), Sch. 9 Pt. II para. 5

Marginal Citations

93 Incidental overnight expenses etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 141 of the Taxes Act 1988 (non-cash vouchers), after subsection (6B) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(6C)Subsection (1) above shall not apply in relation to a non-cash voucher to the extent that it is used by the employee to obtain goods, services or money where—

(a)obtaining the goods or services is incidental to his being away from his usual place of abode during a qualifying absence from home or, as the case may be, the money is obtained for the purpose of being used to obtain goods or services which would be so incidental;

(b)the authorised maximum is not exceeded in relation to that qualifying absence; and

(c)the cost of obtaining the goods or services would not be deductible as mentioned in subsection (3) above if incurred by the employee out of his emoluments.

(6D)Subsections (3) to (5) of section 200A shall apply as they apply for the purposes of that section for construing the references in subsection (6C) above to a qualifying absence from home and for determining, for the purposes of that subsection, whether the authorised maximum is exceeded.

(2)In section 142 of that Act (credit-tokens), after subsection (3B) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(3C)Subsection (1) above shall not apply in relation to a credit-token to the extent that it is used by the employee to obtain goods, services or money where—

(a)obtaining the goods or services is incidental to his being away from his usual place of abode during a qualifying absence from home or, as the case may be, the money is obtained for the purpose of being used to obtain goods or services which would be so incidental;

(b)the authorised maximum is not exceeded in relation to that qualifying absence; and

(c)the cost of obtaining the goods or services would not be deductible as mentioned in subsection (2) above if incurred by the employee out of his emoluments.

(3D)Subsections (3) to (5) of section 200A shall apply as they apply for the purposes of that section for construing the references in subsection (3C) above to a qualifying absence from home and for determining, for the purposes of that subsection, whether the authorised maximum is exceeded.

(3)In section 155 of that Act (exceptions from general charge on benefits in kind for persons in director’s or higher-paid employment), after subsection (1A) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(1B)Section 154 does not apply in the case of a benefit provided for the employee himself where—

(a)the provision of the benefit is incidental to the employee’s being away from his usual place of abode during a qualifying absence from home;

(b)the authorised maximum is not exceeded in relation to that qualifying absence; and

(c)the cost of the benefit would not be deductible as mentioned in section 156(8) if incurred by the employee out of his emoluments.

(1C)Subsections (3) to (5) of section 200A shall apply as they apply for the purposes of that section for construing the references in subsection (1B) above to a qualifying absence from home and for determining, for the purposes of that subsection, whether the authorised maximum is exceeded.

(4)After section 200 of that Act there shall be inserted the following section—

200A Incidental overnight expenses.

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, sums paid to or on behalf of any person holding an office or employment, to the extent that they are paid wholly and exclusively for the purpose of defraying, or of being used for defraying, any expenses which—

(a)are incidental to that person’s being away from his usual place of abode during a qualifying absence from home, but

(b)would not be deductible under section 193, 194, 195, 198 or 332 if incurred out of that person’s emoluments,

shall not be regarded as emoluments of the office or employment for any purpose of Schedule E.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply in the case of any qualifying absence in relation to which the authorised maximum is exceeded.

(3)For the purposes of this section a qualifying absence from home, in relation to a person holding an office or employment, is any continuous period throughout which that person is obliged to stay away from his usual place of abode and during which he—

(a)has at least one overnight stay away from that place; but

(b)does not on any occasion stay overnight at a place other than a place the expenses of travelling to which are either—

(i)expenses incurred out of his emoluments and deductible, otherwise than by virtue of section 193(4), 194(2) or 195(6), under any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above, or

(ii)expenses which would be so deductible if so incurred.

(4)In this section “the authorised maximum”, in relation to each qualifying absence from home by any person, means the aggregate amount equal to the sum of the following amounts—

(a)£5 for every night (if any) during that absence which is a night the whole of which is spent by that person in the United Kingdom; and

(b)£10 for every night (if any) during that absence which is a night the whole or any part of which is spent by that person outside the United Kingdom.

(5)For the purposes of this section the authorised maximum is exceeded in relation to a qualifying absence from home by any person if that maximum is exceeded by the amount which, in the absence of subsection (2) above and of the other requirements of this Act that that maximum is not exceeded, would fall by virtue of this section and sections 141(6C), 142(3C) and 155(1B) to be disregarded, in relation to that qualifying absence, in determining the amount of that person’s emoluments.

(6)The Treasury may by order increase either or both of the sums for the time being specified in subsection (4)(a) and (b) above; and such an order shall have effect for determining what emoluments are received by any person on or after the date when the order comes into force.

(5)This section shall have effect for determining what emoluments are received by any person on or after 6th April 1995.

Capital allowances: shipsE+W+S+N.I.

F2994. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F29S. 94 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

F3095. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F30S. 95 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

F3196. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F31S. 96 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

F3297. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F32S. 97 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

F3398. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F33S. 98 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

Capital allowances: other provisionsE+W+S+N.I.

F3499. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F34S. 99 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

F35100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F35S. 98 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

F36101. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F36S. 98 repealed (22.3.2001 with effect as mentioned in s. 579(1) of the amending Act) by 2001 c. 2, ss. 579(1), 580, Sch. 4

102 Commencement of certain provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Chapter IV of Part IV of the M98Finance Act 1994 (changes for facilitating self-assessment) shall be deemed to have been enacted with the following modification.

(2)In section 218 (commencement etc. of Chapter IV, sections 213(4) and (8) and 214(4) and (6) of which relate to capital allowances) the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (1)—

(1A)In a case where—

(a)a trade is set up and commenced by a company, and

(b)it is not set up and commenced before 6th April 1994,

sections 213(4) and (8) and 214(4) and (6) have effect only if it is set up and commenced on or after 6th April 1995.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Management: self-assessment etc.E+W+S+N.I.

103 Liability of trustees.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (2) of section 7 of the Management Act (notice of liability)—

(a)for the words “a person who is” there shall be substituted the words “ persons who are ”; and

(b)for the words “a trustee” there shall be substituted the words “ the relevant trustees ”.

(2)After subsection (8) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(9)For the purposes of this Act the relevant trustees of a settlement are—

(a)in relation to income, the persons who are trustees when the income arises and any persons who subsequently become trustees; and

(b)in relation to chargeable gains, the persons who are trustees in the year of assessment in which the chargeable gains accrue and any persons who subsequently become trustees.

(3)In subsection (1) of section 8A of that Act (trustee’s return)—

(a)for the words “a trustee” there shall be substituted the words “ the relevant trustees ”; and

(b)for the words “the trustee”, in the first place where they occur, there shall be substituted the words “ any relevant trustee ”.

(4)After subsection (4) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5)The following references, namely—

(a)references in section 9 or 28C of this Act to a person to whom a notice has been given under this section being chargeable to tax; and

(b)references in section 29 of this Act to such a person being assessed to tax,

shall be construed as references to the relevant trustees of the settlement being so chargeable or, as the case may be, being so assessed.

(5)At the beginning of Part XI of that Act (miscellaneous and supplemental) there shall be inserted the following section—

SettlementsE+W+S+N.I.
107A Relevant trustees.

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, anything which for the purposes of this Act is done at any time by or in relation to any one or more of the relevant trustees of a settlement shall be treated for those purposes as done at that time by or in relation to the other or others of those trustees.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, where the relevant trustees of a settlement are liable—

(a)to a penalty under section 7, 12B, 93, 95 or 97AA of this Act or paragraph 2A of Schedule 1A to this Act, or to interest under section 103A of this Act on such a penalty;

(b)to make a payment in accordance with an assessment under section 30 of this Act, or to make a payment under section 59A or 59B of this Act;

(c)to a surcharge under section 59C of this Act, or to interest under that section on such a surcharge; or

(d)to interest under section 86 of this Act,

the penalty, interest, payment or surcharge may be recovered (but only once) from any one or more of those trustees.

(3)No amount may be recovered by virtue of subsection (2)(a) or (c) above from a person who did not become a relevant trustee until after the relevant time, that is to say—

(a)in relation to so much of a penalty under section 93(3) or 97AA(1)(b) of this Act as is payable in respect of any day, or to interest under section 103A of this Act on so much of such a penalty as is so payable, the beginning of that day;

(b)in relation to a penalty under any other provision of this Act mentioned in subsection (2)(a) above, or to interest under section 103A of this Act on such a penalty, the time when the relevant act or omission occurred; and

(c)in relation to a surcharge under subsection (2) or (3) of section 59C of this Act, or to interest under that section on such a surcharge, the beginning of the day mentioned in that subsection;

and in paragraph (b) above “the relevant act or omission” means the act or omission which caused the penalty to become payable.

(4)In a case where—

(a)subsection (2)(a) above applies in relation to a penalty under section 93 of this Act, or

(b)subsection (2)(c) above applies in relation to a surcharge under section 59C of this Act,

subsection (8) of section 93 or, as the case may be, subsection (9) of section 59C of this Act shall have effect as if the reference to the taxpayer were a reference to each of the relevant trustees.

(6)In section 118 of that Act (interpretation), after the definition of “the principal Act” there shall be inserted the following definition—

the relevant trustees”, in relation to a settlement, shall be construed in accordance with section 7(9) of this Act.

(7)Unless the contrary intention appears, this section, sections 104 to 115 below and Schedule 20 to this Act—

(a)so far as they relate to income tax and capital gains tax, have effect as respects the year 1996-97 and subsequent years of assessment, and

(b)so far as they relate to corporation tax, have effect as respects accounting periods ending on or after the appointed day for the purposes of Chapter III of Part IV of the M99Finance Act 1994.

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Marginal Citations

104 Returns and self-assessments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In each of the following, namely—

(a)subsection (1A) of section 8 of the Management Act (personal return); and

(b)subsection (1A) of section 8A of that Act (trustee’s return),

there shall be inserted at the end the words “ and the amounts referred to in that subsection are net amounts, that is to say, amounts which take into account any relief, allowance or repayment of tax for which a claim is made and give credit for any income tax deducted at source and any tax credit to which section 231 of the principal Act applies ”.

(2)In subsection (1B) of section 8 of that Act, for the word “loss” there shall be substituted the words “ loss, tax, credit ”.

(3)After subsection (4) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5)In this section and sections 8A, 9 and 12AA of this Act, any reference to income tax deducted at source is a reference to income tax deducted or treated as deducted from any income or treated as paid on any income.

(4)In subsection (1) of section 9 of that Act (returns to include self-assessment), for the words “on the basis of the information contained in the return” there shall be substituted the following paragraphs—

(a)on the basis of the information contained in the return; and

(b)taking into account any relief, allowance or repayment of tax a claim for which is included in the return and giving credit for any income tax deducted at source and any tax credit to which section 231 of the principal Act applies,.

[F37(5)In subsection (1) of section 11AA of that Act (return of profits to include self-assessment), for the words “on the basis of the information contained in the return” there shall be substituted the following paragraphs—

(a)on the basis of the information contained in the return; and

(b)taking into account any relief, allowance or repayment of tax a claim for which is included in the return,.]

(6)For subsection (1) of section 12AA of that Act (partnership return) there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(1)Where a trade, profession or business is carried on by two or more persons in partnership, for the purpose of facilitating the establishment of the following amounts, namely—

(a)the amount in which each partner chargeable to income tax for any year of assessment is so chargeable, and

(b)the amount in which each partner chargeable to corporation tax for any period is so chargeable,

an officer of the Board may act under subsection (2) or (3) below (or both).

(1A)The amounts referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) above are net amounts, that is to say, amounts which—

(a)take into account any relief, allowance or repayment of tax for which a claim is made; and

(b)in the case of the amount referred to in paragraph (a) of that subsection, give credit for any income tax deducted at source and any tax credit to which section 231 of the principal Act applies.

(7)For subsection (1) of section 12AB of that Act (partnership return to include partnership statement) there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(1)Every return under section 12AA of this Act shall include a statement (a partnership statement) of the following amounts, namely—

(a)in the case of each period of account ending within the period in respect of which the return is made—

(i)the amount of income or loss from each source which, on the basis of the information contained in the return and taking into account any relief or allowance a section 42(7) claim for which is included in the return, has accrued to or has been sustained by the partnership for that period,

(ii)each amount of income tax which, on that basis, has been deducted or treated as deducted from any income of the partnership, or treated as paid on any such income, for that period,

(iii)the amount of each tax credit which, on that basis, has accrued to the partnership for that period, and

(iv)the amount of each charge which, on that basis, was a charge on the income of the partnership for that period; and

(b)in the case of each such period and each of the partners, the amount which, on that basis and (where applicable) taking into account any such relief or allowance, is equal to his share of that income, loss, tax, credit or charge.

(8)In subsection (5) of that section, after the definition of “period of account” there shall be inserted the following definitions—

section 42(7) claim” means a claim under any of the provisions mentioned in section 42(7) of this Act;

tax credit” means a tax credit to which section 231 of the principal Act applies.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F37S. 104(5) repealed (31.7.1998 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 27 Pt. III(28) Note of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(28) Note; S.I. 1998/3173, art. 2

105 Records for purposes of returns.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (1) of section 12B of the Management Act (records to be kept for purposes of returns), for paragraph (b) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(b)preserve those records until the end of the relevant day, that is to say, the day mentioned in subsection (2) below or, where a return is required by a notice given on or before that day, whichever of that day and the following is the latest, namely—

(i)where enquiries into the return or any amendment of the return are made by an officer of the Board, the day on which, by virtue of section 28A(5) or 28B(5) of this Act, those enquiries are treated as completed; and

(ii)where no enquiries into the return or any amendment of the return are so made, the day on which such an officer no longer has power to make such enquiries.

(2)In subsection (2) of that section, the words from “or, where a return” to the end shall cease to have effect.

(3)After that subsection there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(2A)Any person who—

(a)is required, by such a notice as is mentioned in subsection (1) above given at any time after the end of the day mentioned in subsection (2) above, to make and deliver a return for a year of assessment or other period; and

(b)has in his possession at that time any records which may be requisite for the purpose of enabling him to make and deliver a correct and complete return for the year or period,

shall preserve those records until the end of the relevant day, that is to say, the day which, if the notice had been given on or before the day mentioned in subsection (2) above, would have been the relevant day for the purposes of subsection (1) above.

(4)In subsection (3) of that section—

(a)in paragraph (a), after the words “subsection (1)” there shall be inserted the words “ or (2A) ”; and

(b)in paragraph (b), for the words “the day mentioned in subsection (2) above” there shall be substituted the words “ the end of the relevant day ”.

(5)In subsection (4) of that section, after the words “subsection (1)” there shall be inserted the words “ or (2A) ”.

(6)In subsection (5) of that section—

(a)at the beginning there shall be inserted the words “ Subject to subsection (5A) below, ”; and

(b)after the words “subsection (1)” there shall be inserted the words “ or (2A) ”.

(7)After that subsection there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)Subsection (5) above does not apply where the records which the person fails to keep or preserve are records which might have been requisite only for the purposes of claims, elections or notices which are not included in the return.

106 Return of employees’ emoluments etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For section 15 of the Management Act there shall be substituted the following section—

15 Return of employees’ emoluments etc.

(1)Every employer, when required to do so by notice from an officer of the Board, shall, within the time limited by the notice, prepare and deliver to the officer a return relating to persons who are or have been employees of his, containing the information required under the following provisions of this section.

(2)An employer shall not be required to include in his return information relating to any year of assessment if the notice is given more than five years after the 31st January next following that year.

(3)A notice under subsection (1) above—

(a)shall specify the employees for whom a return is to be made and may, in particular, specify individuals (by name or otherwise) or all employees of an employer or all his employees who are or have been in employment to which Chapter II of Part V of the principal Act applies; and

(b)shall specify the years of assessment or other periods with respect to which the information is to be provided.

(4)A notice under subsection (1) above may require the return to state the name and place of residence of an employee to whom it relates.

(5)A notice under subsection (1) above may require the return to contain, in respect of an employee to whom it relates, the following particulars—

(a)in the case of relevant payments made by the employer, particulars of the payments;

(b)in the case of relevant payments not falling within paragraph (a) above the making of which by another person has been arranged by the employer—

(i)particulars of the payments; and

(ii)the name and business address of the other person; and

(c)in the case of relevant payments not falling within either of the preceding paragraphs, the name and business address of any person who has, to the employer’s knowledge, made the payments.

(6)Any payments made to an employee in respect of his employment are relevant payments for the purposes of this section, including—

(a)payments to him in respect of expenses (including sums put at his disposal and paid away by him);

(b)payments made on his behalf and not repaid; and

(c)payments to him for services rendered in connection with a trade or business, whether the services were rendered in the course of his employment or not.

(7)Where, for the purposes of his return, an employer apportions expenses incurred partly in or in connection with a particular matter and partly in or in connection with other matters—

(a)the return shall contain a statement that the sum included in the return is the result of such an apportionment; and

(b)if required to do so by notice from an officer of the Board, the employer shall prepare and deliver to the officer, within the time limited by the notice, a return containing full particulars as to the amount apportioned and the manner in which, and the grounds on which, the apportionment has been made.

(8)A notice under subsection (1) above may require the return—

(a)to state in respect of an employee to whom it relates whether any benefits are or have been provided for him (or for any other person) by reason of his employment, such as may give rise to charges to tax under the relevant sections, that is to say, sections 141, 142, 143, 144A, 145, 146 and 154 to 165 of the principal Act (miscellaneous benefits in cash or in kind); and

(b)if such benefits are or have been provided, to contain such particulars of those benefits as may be specified in the notice.

(9)Where such benefits are provided the notice may, without prejudice to subsection (8)(b) above, require the return to contain the following particulars—

(a)in the case of benefits which are or have been provided by the employer, particulars of the amounts which may be chargeable to tax by virtue of the relevant sections;

(b)in the case of benefits not falling within paragraph (a) above the provision of which by another person is or has been arranged by the employer—

(i)particulars of the amounts which may be so chargeable; and

(ii)the name and business address of the other person; and

(c)in the case of benefits not falling within either of the preceding paragraphs, the name and business address of any person who has, to the employer’s knowledge, provided the benefits.

(10)Where it appears to an officer of the Board that a person has, in any year of assessment, been concerned in making relevant payments to, or providing benefits to or in respect of, employees of another, the officer may at any time up to five years after the 31st January next following that year by notice require that person—

(a)to deliver to the officer, within the time limited by the notice, such particulars of those payments or benefits, or of the amounts which may be chargeable to tax in respect of the benefits, as may be specified in the notice (so far as known to him); and

(b)to include with those particulars the names and addresses (so far as known to him) of the employees concerned.

(11)In determining, in pursuance of a notice under subsection (1) or (10) above, amounts which may be chargeable to tax by virtue of the relevant sections, a person—

(a)shall not make—

(i)any deduction or other adjustment which he is unable to show, by reference to information in his possession or otherwise available to him, is authorised or required by the relevant sections; or

(ii)any deduction authorised by section 141(3), 142(2), 145(3) or 156(8) of the principal Act; but

(b)subject to that, shall make all such deductions and other adjustments as may be authorised or required by the relevant sections.

(12)Where the employer is a body of persons, the secretary of the body or other officer (by whatever name called) performing the duties of secretary shall be treated as the employer for the purposes of this section.

Where the employer is a body corporate, that body corporate, as well as the secretary or other officer, shall be liable to a penalty for failure to comply with this section.

(13)In this section—

  • arranged” includes guaranteed and in any way facilitated;

  • employee” means an office holder or employee whose emoluments fall to be assessed under Schedule E, and related expressions are to be construed accordingly;

  • relevant payments” has the meaning given by subsection (6) above; and

  • the relevant sections” has the meaning given by subsection (8)(a) above.

(2)This section has effect as respects payments made or benefits provided on or after 6th April 1996.

107 Procedure for making claims etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After subsection (1) of section 42 of the Management Act (procedure for making claims etc.) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(1A)Subject to subsection (3) below, a claim for a relief, an allowance or a repayment of tax shall be for an amount which is quantified at the time when the claim is made.

(2)In subsection (2) of that section, for the words “subsection (3)” there shall be substituted the words “ subsections (3) and (3A) ”.

(3)In subsection (3) of that section, for the words “Subsection (2)” there shall be substituted the words “ Subsections (1A) and (2) ”.

(4)After subsection (3) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(3A)Where a person makes a claim requiring relief for a loss incurred or treated as incurred, or a payment made, in one year of assessment (“the later year”) to be given in an earlier year of assessment (“the earlier year”)—

(a)subsection (2) above shall not apply in relation to the claim;

(b)the claim shall be made in relation to the later year;

(c)the claim shall be for an amount equal to the difference between—

(i)the amount in which he has been assessed to tax under section 9 of this Act for the earlier year; and

(ii)the amount in which he would have been so assessed if the claim could have been, and had been, included in a return made under section 8 or 8A of this Act for that year; and

(d)effect shall be given to the claim in relation to the later year, whether by repayment or set-off, or by an addition to the aggregate amount given by section 59B(1)(b) of this Act, or otherwise.

(3B)Where no notice under section 8 or 8A of this Act has been given to the person for the earlier year, subsection (3A)(c) above shall have effect as if—

(a)sub-paragraph (i) referred to the amount in which he would have been assessed to tax under section 9 of this Act for that year if such a notice had been so given; and

(b)sub-paragraph (ii) referred to the amount in which he would have been so assessed if such a notice had been so given and the claim could have been, and had been, included in a return made under section 8 or 8A of this Act for that year.

[F38(5)In subsection (4) of that section, there shall be inserted at the beginning the words “ Subject to subsection (4A) below, ”.]

[F38(6)After subsection (4) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(4A)Subsection (4) above shall not apply where—

(a)the company is wholly exempt from corporation tax or is only not so exempt in respect of trading income; and

(b)the tax credit is not one in respect of which a payment on account may be claimed by the company under Schedule 19AB to the principal Act.]

(7)In subsection (5) of that section, for the words “subsections (2) and (4) above” there shall be substituted the words “ this section ”.

(8)In subsection (7)(a) of that section, for the words “sections 84” there shall be substituted the words “ sections 62A, 84 ”.

(9)In subsection (10) of that section, after the words “This section” there shall be inserted the words “ (except subsection (1A) above) ”.

(10)In subsection (11) of that section, paragraph (b) and the word “and” immediately preceding that paragraph shall cease to have effect.

(11)Schedule 1A to that Act (claims etc. not included in returns) shall have effect subject to the amendments specified in Schedule 20 to this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F38S. 107(5)(6) repealed (31.7.1997 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 4 paras. 2, 3 of the amending Act) by 1997 c. 58, s. 52, Sch. 8 Pt. II(9) Note 1 (with s. 3(3)); S. 107(5)(6) expressed to be repealed (31.7.1998 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 27 Pt. III(28) Note of the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt. III(28) Note; S.I. 1998/3173, art. 2

108 Payments on account of income tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (1) of section 59A of the Management Act (payments on account of income tax)—

(a)there shall be inserted at the beginning the words “ Subject to subsection (9) below, ”; and

(b)in paragraph (a), for the words “has been assessed” there shall be substituted the words “ is assessed ”.

(2)In subsection (2) of that section, for the words “subsection (4)” there shall be substituted the words “ subsections (4) and (4A) ”.

(3)After subsection (4) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(4A)If as regards the year immediately preceding the year of assessment—

(a)the taxpayer is assessed to income tax under section 9 of this Act after the date on or before which either payment on account is required to be made, or

(b)his assessment to income tax under that section is amended after that date,

then, subject to subsections (3) and (4) above and to any subsequent application of this subsection, the amount of the payment on account shall be, and shall be deemed always to have been, equal to 50 per cent. of the relevant amount as determined on the basis of the assessment or, as the case may be, the assessment as amended.

(4)In subsection (5) of that section—

(a)after the words “the taxpayer makes a claim under subsection (3) or (4) above” there shall be inserted the words “ or subsection (4A) above applies ”; and

(b)after the words “whether by the repayment of amounts paid on account” there shall be inserted the words “ , by the making of payments or further payments on account ”.

(5)For subsection (8) of that section there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(8)In this section, in relation to a year of assessment, any reference to the amount of any income tax deducted at source is a reference to the amount by which the aggregate of the following, namely—

(a)any income tax deducted or treated as deducted from any income, or treated as paid on any income, in respect of the year, and

(b)any amounts which, in respect of the year, are to be deducted at source under section 203 of the principal Act in subsequent years, or are tax credits to which section 231 of that Act applies,

exceeds the aggregate of any amounts which, in the year, are deducted at source under the said section 203 in respect of previous years.

(9)If, at any time before the 31st January next following a year of assessment, an officer of the Board so directs—

(a)this section shall not apply, and shall be deemed never to have applied, as regards that year to any person specified in the direction; and

(b)there shall be made all such adjustments, whether by the repayment of amounts paid on account or otherwise, as may be required to give effect to the direction.

109 Surcharges on unpaid tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 59C of the Management Act (surcharges on unpaid income tax and capital gains tax), in subsection (4) (exceptions to surcharge), for the words “or 95” there shall be substituted the words “ , 95 or 95A ”.

(2)That section of that Act shall apply in relation to any income tax or capital gains tax which—

(a)is charged by an assessment made on or after 6th April 1998; and

(b)is for the year 1995-96 or an earlier year of assessment,

as it applies in relation to any income tax or capital gains tax which becomes payable in accordance with section 55 or 59B of that Act and is for the year 1996-97 or a subsequent year of assessment.

110 Interest on overdue tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For section 86 of the Management Act there shall be substituted the following section—

86 Interest on overdue income tax and capital gains tax.

(1)The following, namely—

(a)any amount on account of income tax which becomes due and payable in accordance with section 59A(2) of this Act, and

(b)any income tax or capital gains tax which becomes due and payable in accordance with section 55 or 59B of this Act,

shall carry interest at the rate applicable under section 178 of the M100Finance Act 1989 from the relevant date until payment.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)(a) above the relevant date is whichever of the dates mentioned in section 59A(2) of this Act is applicable; and for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) above the relevant date is—

(a)in any such case as is mentioned in subsection (3) of section 59B of this Act, the last day of the period of three months mentioned in that subsection; and

(b)in any other case, the date mentioned in subsection (4) of that section.

(3)Subsection (1) above applies even if the relevant date is a non-business day within the meaning of section 93 of the M101Bills of Exchange Act 1882.

(4)Subsection (5) below applies where as regards a year of assessment—

(a)any person makes a claim under subsection (3) or (4) of section 59A of this Act in respect of the amounts (the section 59A amounts) payable by him in accordance with subsection (2) of that section, and

(b)an amount (the section 59B amount) becomes payable by him in accordance with section 59B(3), (4) or (5) of this Act.

(5)Interest shall be payable under this section as if each of the section 59A amounts had been equal to—

(a)the aggregate of that amount and 50 per cent. of the section 59B amount, or

(b)the amount which would have been payable in accordance with subsection (2) of section 59A of this Act if the claim under subsection (3) or (4) of that section had not been made,

whichever is the less.

(6)In determining for the purposes of subsections (4) and (5) above what amount (if any) is payable by any person in accordance with section 59B(3), (4) or (5) of this Act—

(a)it shall be assumed that both of the section 59A amounts have been paid, and

(b)no account shall be taken of any amount which has been paid on account otherwise than under section 59A(2) of this Act or is payable by way of capital gains tax.

(7)Subsection (8) below applies where as regards any person and a year of assessment—

(a)amounts (the section 59A amounts) become payable by him in accordance with section 59A(2) of this Act, and

(b)an amount (the section 59B amount) becomes repayable to him in accordance with section 59B (3), (4) or (5) of this Act.

(8)So much of any interest payable under this section on either of the section 59A amounts as is not attributable to the amount by which that amount exceeds 50 per cent. of the section 59B amount shall be remitted.

(9)In determining for the purposes of subsections (7) and (8) above what amount (if any) is repayable to any person in accordance with section 59B(3), (4) or (5) of this Act, no account shall be taken of any amount which has been paid on account otherwise than under section 59A(2) of this Act or is payable by way of capital gains tax.

(2)That section of that Act shall apply in relation to any income tax or capital gains tax which—

(a)is charged by an assessment made on or after 6th April 1998; and

(b)is for the year 1995-96 or an earlier year of assessment,

as it applies in relation to any income tax or capital gains tax which becomes due and payable in accordance with section 55 or 59B of that Act and is for the year 1996-97 or a subsequent year of assessment.

(3)In that section of that Act as it so applies, “the relevant date” means the 31st January next following the year of assessment.

[F39(4)So far as it relates to partnerships whose trades, professions or businesses were set up and commenced before 6th April 1994, subsection (1) above has effect as respects the year 1997-98 and subsequent years of assessment.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F39S. 110(4) inserted (retrospectively) by 1996 c. 8, s. 131(1)

Marginal Citations

110 Interest on overdue tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For section 86 of the Management Act there shall be substituted the following section—

86 Interest on overdue income tax and capital gains tax.

(1)The following, namely—

(a)any amount on account of income tax which becomes due and payable in accordance with section 59A(2) of this Act, and

(b)any income tax or capital gains tax which becomes due and payable in accordance with section 55 or 59B of this Act,

shall carry interest at the rate applicable under section 178 of the M172Finance Act 1989 from the relevant date until payment.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)(a) above the relevant date is whichever of the dates mentioned in section 59A(2) of this Act is applicable; and for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) above the relevant date is—

(a)in any such case as is mentioned in subsection (3) of section 59B of this Act, the last day of the period of three months mentioned in that subsection; and

(b)in any other case, the date mentioned in subsection (4) of that section.

(3)Subsection (1) above applies even if the relevant date is a non-business day within the meaning of section 93 of the M173Bills of Exchange Act 1882.

(4)Subsection (5) below applies where as regards a year of assessment—

(a)any person makes a claim under subsection (3) or (4) of section 59A of this Act in respect of the amounts (the section 59A amounts) payable by him in accordance with subsection (2) of that section, and

(b)an amount (the section 59B amount) becomes payable by him in accordance with section 59B(3), (4) or (5) of this Act.

(5)Interest shall be payable under this section as if each of the section 59A amounts had been equal to—

(a)the aggregate of that amount and 50 per cent. of the section 59B amount, or

(b)the amount which would have been payable in accordance with subsection (2) of section 59A of this Act if the claim under subsection (3) or (4) of that section had not been made,

whichever is the less.

(6)In determining for the purposes of subsections (4) and (5) above what amount (if any) is payable by any person in accordance with section 59B(3), (4) or (5) of this Act—

(a)it shall be assumed that both of the section 59A amounts have been paid, and

(b)no account shall be taken of any amount which has been paid on account otherwise than under section 59A(2) of this Act or is payable by way of capital gains tax.

(7)Subsection (8) below applies where as regards any person and a year of assessment—

(a)amounts (the section 59A amounts) become payable by him in accordance with section 59A(2) of this Act, and

(b)an amount (the section 59B amount) becomes repayable to him in accordance with section 59B (3), (4) or (5) of this Act.

(8)So much of any interest payable under this section on either of the section 59A amounts as is not attributable to the amount by which that amount exceeds 50 per cent. of the section 59B amount shall be remitted.

(9)In determining for the purposes of subsections (7) and (8) above what amount (if any) is repayable to any person in accordance with section 59B(3), (4) or (5) of this Act, no account shall be taken of any amount which has been paid on account otherwise than under section 59A(2) of this Act or is payable by way of capital gains tax.

(2)That section of that Act shall apply in relation to any income tax or capital gains tax which—

(a)is charged by an assessment made on or after 6th April 1998; and

(b)is for the year 1995-96 or an earlier year of assessment,

as it applies in relation to any income tax or capital gains tax which becomes due and payable in accordance with section 55 or 59B of that Act and is for the year 1996-97 or a subsequent year of assessment.

(3)In that section of that Act as it so applies, “the relevant date” means the 31st January next following the year of assessment.

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Marginal Citations

111 Assessments in respect of income taken into account under PAYE.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For section 205 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be substituted the following section—

205 Assessments unnecessary in certain circumstances.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, no assessment need be made in respect of income assessable to income tax for any year of assessment if the income has been taken into account in the making of deductions or repayments of income tax by virtue of regulations made under section 203.

(2)Subsection (1) above does not apply if the total net tax deducted in the year in question from the income is not the same as it would have been if—

(a)all the relevant circumstances had been known to all parties throughout the year;

(b)deductions and repayments had throughout the year been made accordingly; and

(c)the deductions and repayments had been so made by reference to cumulative tax tables.

(3)Nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing an assessment (whether under section 9 of the Management Act or otherwise) being made in respect of income assessable to income tax for any year of assessment.

(4)A person as regards whose income for a year of assessment deductions or repayments have been made may by notice, given not later than five years after the 31st October next following that year, require an officer of the Board to give him notice under section 8 of that Act in respect of that year.

(5)In this section—

(a)cumulative tax tables” means tax tables prepared under section 203 which are so framed as to require the tax which is to be deducted or repaid on the occasion of each payment made in the year to be ascertained by reference to a total of emoluments paid in the year up to the time of making that payment; and

(b)any reference to the total net tax deducted shall be construed as a reference to the total income tax deducted during the year by virtue of regulations made under section 203, less any income tax repaid by virtue of any such regulations.

(2)In section 206 of that Act (additional provision for certain assessments) the words “under Schedule E” shall cease to have effect.

112 Recovery of certain amounts deducted or paid under MIRAS.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 374 of the Taxes Act 1988 there shall be inserted the following section—

374A Interest which never has been relevant loan interest etc.

(1)This section applies where, in the case of any loan, interest on the loan never has been relevant loan interest or the borrower never has been a qualifying borrower.

(2)Without prejudice to subsection (3) below, in relation to a payment of interest—

(a)as respects which either of the conditions mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) of section 374(1) is fulfilled, and

(b)from which a deduction was made as mentioned in section 369(1),

section 369 shall have effect as if the payment of interest were a payment of relevant loan interest made by a qualifying borrower.

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) above shall be taken as regards the borrower as entitling him to make any deduction or to retain any amount deducted and, accordingly, where any amount has been deducted, he shall be liable to make good that amount and an officer of the Board may make such assessments as may in his judgment be required for recovering that amount.

(4)The Management Act shall apply to an assessment under subsection (3) above as if it were an assessment to income tax for the year of assessment in which the deduction was made and as if—

(a)the assessment were among those specified in section 55(1) of that Act (recovery of tax not postponed);

(b)the assessment were made for the purpose of making good to the Crown a loss of tax wholly attributable to such a failure or error as is mentioned in subsection (1) of section 88 of that Act (interest on tax recovered to make good loss due to taxpayer’s fault); and

(c)for the purposes of that section the date when the tax ought to have been paid were the 1st December following the year of assessment.

(5)If the borrower fraudulently or negligently makes any false statement or representation in connection with the making of any deduction, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding the amount deducted.

(2)In subsection (2) of section 375 of that Act (interest ceasing to be relevant loan interest etc.), after paragraph (a) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(aa)as respects which any of the conditions mentioned in section 374(1) is fulfilled, and.

(3)For subsection (4) of that section there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(4)The Management Act shall apply to an assessment under subsection (3) above as it applies, by virtue of subsection (4) of section 374A, to an assessment under subsection (3) of that section.

(4A)If there is any unreasonable delay in the giving of a notice under subsection (1) above, the borrower shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding so much of the aggregate amount that he is liable to make good under subsection (3) above as is attributable to that delay.

(4)After subsection (8) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(8A)In any case where an amount to which a person is not entitled is paid to him by the Board in pursuance of regulations made by virtue of subsection (8) above, regulations may—

(a)provide for an officer of the Board to make such assessments as may in his judgment be required for recovering that amount from that person; and

(b)make provision corresponding to that made by subsection (4A) above and subsections (4) and (5) of section 374A.

(5)This section applies in relation to deductions made by borrowers, and payments made by the Board, after the passing of this Act.

113 Allowable losses: capital gains tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After subsection (2) of section 16 of the M102Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (computation of losses) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(2A)A loss accruing to a person in a year of assessment shall not be an allowable loss for the purposes of this Act unless, in relation to that year, he gives a notice to an officer of the Board quantifying the amount of that loss; and sections 42 and 43 of the Management Act shall apply in relation to such a notice as if it were a claim for relief.

(2)Deductions under that Act in respect of allowable losses shall be given preference as follows—

(a)a deduction in respect of a loss accruing to a person in the year 1996-97 or a subsequent year of assessment shall be preferred to a deduction in respect of a loss accruing to him in an earlier year of assessment; and

(b)a deduction in respect of a loss accruing to a company in an accounting period ending on or after the appointed day for the purposes of Chapter III of Part IV of the M103Finance Act 1994 shall be preferred to a deduction in respect of a loss accruing to the company in an accounting period ending before that day.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 113(2) excluded (27.7.1999) by 1992 c. 12, s. 71(2C) (as substituted (27.7.1999) by 1999 c. 16, s. 75(1))

Marginal Citations

114 Liability of trustees and personal representatives: capital gains tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For subsection (1) of section 65 of the M104Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (liability for tax of trustees and personal representatives) there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, capital gains tax chargeable in respect of chargeable gains accruing to the trustees of a settlement or capital gains tax due from the personal representatives of a deceased person may be assessed and charged on and in the name of any one or more of the relevant trustees or the relevant personal representatives.

(2)After subsection (2) of that section there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(3)Where section 80 applies as regards the trustees of a settlement (“the migrating trustees”), nothing in subsection (1) above shall enable any person—

(a)who ceased to be a trustee of the settlement before the end of the relevant period, and

(b)who shows that, when he ceased to be a trustee of the settlement, there was no proposal that the trustees might become neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom,

to be assessed and charged to any capital gains tax which is payable by the migrating trustees by virtue of section 80(2).

(4)In this section—

  • the relevant period” has the same meaning as in section 82;

  • the relevant trustees”, in relation to any chargeable gains, means the trustees in the year of assessment in which the chargeable gains accrue and any subsequent trustees of the settlement, and “the relevant personal representatives” has a corresponding meaning.

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Marginal Citations

115 Minor amendments and repeals.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (7) of section 7 of the Management Act (notice of liability), for the words “income from which” there shall be substituted the words “ income on which ”.

(2)In subsection (3) of section 9 of that Act (returns to include self-assessment), the words “the following provisions of” shall cease to have effect.

(3)Section 11A of that Act (notice of liability to capital gains tax) shall cease to have effect.

(4)In subsection (2) of section 12AA of that Act (partnership return), for the words “such accounts and statements” there shall be substituted the words “ such accounts, statements and documents, relating to information contained in the return, ”.

(5)In subsection (1)(c) of section 30B of that Act (amendment of partnership statement where loss of tax discovered), after the word “relief” there shall be inserted the words “ or allowance ”.

(6)In subsection (6) of section 59B of that Act (payment of income tax and capital gains tax), for the words “under