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Environment Act 1995

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Commencement Orders

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Contracts of employmentE+W+S

3(1)The rights and liabilities that may be transferred by and in accordance with a transfer scheme include (subject to the following provisions of this paragraph) any rights or liabilities of the employer under the contract of employment of any person—E+W+S

(a)who is employed—

(i)in the civil service of the State;

(ii)by a body which is a waste regulation authority in England or Wales; or

(iii)by a local authority in Scotland;

(b)who appears to the appropriate authority to be employed for the purposes of, or otherwise in connection with, functions which are by virtue of this Act to become functions of a new Agency; and

(c)whom the appropriate authority considers it necessary or expedient to transfer into the employment of that new Agency;

and in the following provisions of this paragraph any reference to a “qualifying employee” is a reference to such a person.

(2)A transfer scheme which provides for the transfer of rights or liabilities under the contracts of employment of qualifying employees must identify those employees—

(a)by specifying them;

(b)by referring to persons of a description specified in the scheme (with or without exceptions); or

(c)partly in the one way and partly in the other.

(3)A transfer scheme shall not operate to transfer rights or liabilities under so much of a contract of employment as relates to an occupational pension scheme, other than any provisions of such a pension scheme which do not relate to benefits for old age, invalidity or survivors.

(4)Where a transfer scheme provides for the transfer of rights or liabilities under the contract of employment of a qualifying employee—

(a)all the employer’s rights, powers, duties and liabilities under or in connection with the contract of employment shall be transferred to the relevant new Agency on the transfer date by and in accordance with the scheme, and

(b)anything done by or in relation to the employer in respect of the qualifying employee before the transfer date shall be treated on and after that date as done by or in relation to the relevant new Agency,

except in a case where objection is made by the qualifying employee as mentioned in sub-paragraph (8)(b) below.

(5)Sub-paragraphs (6) and (7) below shall have effect in any case where rights or liabilities under the contract of employment of a qualifying employee are transferred by and in accordance with a transfer scheme.

(6)In a case falling within sub-paragraph (5) above—

(a)the transfer shall be regarded for the purposes of [F1section 138 of the Employment Rights Act 1996] (renewal of contract or re-engagement) as a renewal of the qualifying employee’s contract of employment, or a re-engagement of the qualifying employee, falling within subsection (1) of that section; and

(b)the qualifying employee shall accordingly not be regarded as having been dismissed by virtue of the transfer.

(7)In a case falling within sub-paragraph (5) above, for the purposes of [F2Chapter I of Part XIV of the Employment Rights Act 1996] (ascertainment of the length of an employee’s period of employment and whether that employment is continuous)—

(a)so much of the qualifying employee’s period of continuous employment as ends with the day preceding the transfer date shall be treated on and after that date as a period of employment with the relevant new Agency; and

(b)the continuity of the period of employment of the qualifying employee shall be treated as not having been broken by the transfer.

(8)Sub-paragraph (9) below shall have effect in any case where—

(a)a transfer scheme contains provision for the transfer of rights or liabilities under the contract of employment of a qualifying employee, but

(b)the qualifying employee informs the appropriate authority or the relevant new Agency that he objects to becoming employed by that new Agency.

(9)In a case falling within sub-paragraph (8) above—

(a)the transfer scheme—

(i)shall not operate to transfer any rights, powers, duties or liabilities under or in connection with the contract of employment; but

(ii)shall operate so as to terminate that contract on the day preceding the transfer date; and

(b)the qualifying employee shall not, by virtue of that termination, be treated for any purpose as having been dismissed.

(10)In this paragraph—

  • the appropriate authority” means—

    (a)

    in the case of a person employed in the civil service of the State, the Secretary of State;

    (b)

    in the case of a transfer scheme under section 3 of this Act and a person employed by a body which is a waste regulation authority, that body;

    (c)

    in the case of a transfer scheme under section 22 of this Act and a person employed by a local authority, that authority;

  • occupational pension scheme” has the meaning given by section 1 of the M1Pension Schemes Act 1993.

(11)This paragraph shall apply in relation to any qualifying employee as if, as respects any time before the transfer date,—

(a)any reference to a person’s contract of employment included a reference to his employment in the civil service of the State or to the terms of that employment, as the case may require; and

(b)any reference to the dismissal of a person included a reference to the termination of his employment in that service.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in Sch. 2 para. 3(6) substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 18, ss. 240, 243, Sch. 1 para. 68(a) (with ss. 191-195, 202)

F2Words in Sch. 2 para. 3(7) substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 18, ss. 240, 243, Sch. 1 para. 68(b) (with ss. 191-195, 202)

Commencement Information

I1Sch. 2 wholly in force at 12.10.1995; Sch. 2 not in force at Royal Asent see s. 125(3); Sch. 2 in force for specified purposes at 28.7.1995 by S.I. 1995/1983, art. 2; Sch. 2 in force for further specified purposes at 12.10.1995 by S.I. 1995/2649, art. 2(c)

Marginal Citations

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