9Penalties for contraventions of statutory requirements
(1)This section applies, subject to section 10 below, to any conduct in relation to which any enactment (including an enactment contained in this Act or in any Act passed after this Act) provides for the conduct to attract a penalty under this section.
(2)Any person to whose conduct this section applies shall be liable—
(a)in the case of conduct in relation to which provision is made by subsection (4) below or any other enactment for the penalty attracted to be calculated by reference to an amount of, or an amount payable on account of, any duty of excise, to a penalty of whichever is the greater of 5 per cent. of that amount and £250; and
(b)in any other case, to a penalty of £250.
(3)Subject to section 13(3) and (4) below, in the case of any conduct to which this section applies which is conduct in relation to which provision is made by subsection (4) or (5) below or any other enactment for that conduct to attract daily penalties, the person whose conduct it is—
(a)shall be liable, in addition to an initial penalty under subsection (2) above, to a penalty of £20 for every day, after the first, on which the conduct continues, but
(b)shall not, in respect of the continuation of that conduct, be liable to further penalties under subsection (2) above.
(4)Where any conduct to which this section applies consists in a failure, in contravention of any subordinate legislation, to pay any amount of any duty of excise or an amount payable on account of any such duty, then, in so far as that would not otherwise be the case—
(a)the penalty attracted to that contravention shall be calculated by reference to the amount unpaid; and
(b)the contravention shall also attract daily penalties.
(a)a contravention of any provision made by or under any enactment consists in or involves a failure, before such time as may be specified in or determined in accordance with that provision, to send a return to the Commissioners showing the amount which any person is or may become required to pay by way of, or on account of, any duty of excise, and
(b)that contravention attracts a penalty under this section,
that contravention shall also attract daily penalties.
(6)Where, by reason of any conduct to which this section applies, a person is convicted of an offence, that conduct shall not also give rise to liability to a penalty under this section.
(7)If it appears to the Treasury that there has been a change in the value of money since the passing of this Act or, as the case may be, the last occasion when the power conferred by this subsection was exercised, they may by order substitute for any sum for the time being specified in subsection (2) or (3) above such other sum as appears to them to be justified by the change.
(8)The power to make an order under subsection (7) above—
(a)shall be exercisable by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the House of Commons; but
(b)shall not be exercisable so as to vary the penalty for any conduct occurring before the coming into force of the order.
(9)Schedule 4 to this Act (which provides for the conduct to which this section applies, repeals the summary offences superseded by this section and makes related provision with respect to forfeiture) shall have effect.