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Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994

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84 Indecent pseudo-photographs of children.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The M1Protection of Children Act 1978 shall be amended as provided in subsections (2) and (3) below.

(2)In section 1 (which penalises the taking and distribution of indecent photographs of children and related acts)—

(a)in paragraph (a) of subsection (1)—

(i)after the word “taken” there shall be inserted the words “ or to make ”, and the words following “child” shall be omitted;

(ii)after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”;

(b)in paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of subsection (1), after the word “photographs” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photographs ”;

(c)in subsection (2), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”; and

(d)in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (4), after the word “photographs” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photographs ”.

(3)In section 7 (interpretation)—

(a)in subsection (3), at the end, there shall be inserted the words “ and so as respects pseudo-photographs ”; and

(b)for subsection (4) there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(4)References to a photograph include—

(a)the negative as well as the positive version; and

(b)data stored on a computer disc or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a photograph..

(c)after subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(6)“Child”, subject to subsection (8), means a person under the age of 16.

(7)Pseudo-photograph” means an image, whether made by computer-graphics or otherwise howsoever, which appears to be a photograph.

(8)If the impression conveyed by a pseudo-photograph is that the person shown is a child, the pseudo-photograph shall be treated for all purposes of this Act as showing a child and so shall a pseudo-photograph where the predominant impression conveyed is that the person shown is a child notwithstanding that some of the physical characteristics shown are those of an adult.

(9)References to an indecent pseudo-photograph include—

(a)a copy of an indecent pseudo-photograph; and

(b)data stored on a computer disc or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a pseudo-photograph..

(4)Section 160 of the M2Criminal Justice Act 1988 (which penalises the possession of indecent photographs of children) shall be amended as follows—

(a)in subsection (1), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ” and the words from “(meaning” to “16)” shall be omitted; and

(b)in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of subsection (2), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”; and

(c)in subsection (5), the reference to the coming into force of that section shall be construed, for the purposes of the amendments made by this subsection, as a reference to the coming into force of this subsection.

(5)The M3Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 shall be amended as provided in subsections (6) and (7) below.

(6)In section 52 (which, for Scotland, penalises the taking and distribution of indecent photographs of children and related acts)—

(a)in paragraph (a) of subsection (1)—

(i)after the word “taken” there shall be inserted the words “ or makes ”; and

(ii)for the words from “of a” to the end there shall be substituted the words “ or pseudo-photograph of a child ”;

(b)in paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of subsection (1), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”; and

(c)in subsection (2), at the beginning there shall be inserted “ In subsection (1) above “child” means, subject to subsection (2B) below, a person under the age of 16; and ”;

(d)after subsection (2), there shall be added—

(2A)In this section, “pseudo-photograph” means an image, whether produced by computer-graphics or otherwise howsoever, which appears to be a photograph.

(2B)If the impression conveyed by a pseudo-photograph is that the person shown is a child, the pseudo-photograph shall be treated for all purposes of this Act as showing a child and so shall a pseudo-photograph where the predominant impression conveyed is that the person shown is a child notwithstanding that some of the physical characteristics shown are those of an adult.

(2C)In this section, references to an indecent pseudo-photograph include—

(a)a copy of an indecent pseudo-photograph;

(b)data stored on a computer disc or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a pseudo-photograph..

(e)in subsection (3)—

(i)in paragraph (a), for the words “3 months” there shall be substituted the words “ 6 months ”; and

(ii)in paragraph (b), for the words “two years” there shall be substituted the words “ 3 years ”;

(f)in subsection (4), and in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (5), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”; and

(g)for subsection (8)(c) there shall be substituted—

(c)references to a photograph include—

(i)the negative as well as the positive version; and

(ii)data stored on a computer disc or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a photograph..

(7)In section 52A (which, for Scotland, penalises the possession of indecent photographs of children)—

(a)in subsection (1), for the words from “of a” to “16)” there shall be substituted the words “ or pseudo-photograph of a child ”;

(b)in subsection (2), in each of paragraphs (a) to (c), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”;

(c)in subsection (3)—

(i)after the word “to” there shall be inserted the words “ imprisonment for a period not exceeding 6 months or to ”; and

(ii)at the end there shall be added the words “or to both.”;

(d)in subsection (4), after the word “(2)” there shall be inserted the words “ to (2C) ”.

(8)The M4Protection of Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 shall be amended as provided in subsections (9) and (10) below.

(9)In Article 2 (interpretation)—

(a)in paragraph (2)—

(i)in the definition of “child”, after “child” there shall be inserted the words “ subject to paragraph (3)(c) ”;

(ii)for the definition of “photograph” there shall be substituted the following definitions—

indecent pseudo-photograph” includes—

(a)a copy of an indecent pseudo-photograph; and

(b)data stored on a computer disc or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a pseudo-photograph;

photograph” includes—

(a)the negative as well as the positive version; and

(b)data stored on a computer disc or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a photograph;

pseudo-photograph” means an image, whether made by computer-graphics or otherwise howsoever, which appears to be a photograph;;

(b)in paragraph (3)—

(i)in sub-paragraph (a), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “or pseudo-photograph”;

(ii)in sub-paragraph (b), at the end, there shall be inserted the words “and so as respects pseudo-photographs; and”;

(iii)after sub-paragraph (b) there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraph—

(c)if the impression conveyed by a pseudo-photograph is that the person shown is a child, the pseudo-photograph shall be treated as showing a child and so shall a pseudo-photograph where the predominant impression conveyed is that the person shown is a child notwithstanding that some of the physical characteristics shown are those of an adult..

(10)In Article 3 (which, for Northern Ireland, penalises the taking and distribution of indecent photographs of children and related acts)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph (1)—

(i)after the word “taken” there shall be inserted the words “ or to make ”;

(ii)after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”;

(b)in sub-paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of paragraph (1), after the word “photographs” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photographs ”;

(c)in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (3), after the word “photographs” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photographs ”.

(11)Article 15 of the M5Criminal Justice (Evidence, etc.) (Northern Ireland) Order 1988 (which, for Northern Ireland, penalises the possession of indecent photographs of children) shall be amended as follows—

(a)in paragraph (1), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ” and the words from “(meaning” to “16)” shall be omitted;

(b)in sub-paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of paragraph (2), after the word “photograph” there shall be inserted the words “ or pseudo-photograph ”; and

(c)in paragraph (6), the reference to the coming into operation of that Article shall be construed, for the purposes of the amendments made by this subsection, as a reference to the coming into force of this subsection.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E1S. 84(1) to (4) extends to England and Wales only; s. 84(5) to (7) extends to Scotland only; s. 84(8) to (11) extends to Northern Ireland only see s. 172(7)(13)(15).

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