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Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994

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Changes over time for: Cross Heading: Disruptive trespassers

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Disruptive trespassersE+W+S+N.I.

68 Offence of aggravated trespass.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person commits the offence of aggravated trespass if he trespasses on land [F1in the open air] and, in relation to any lawful activity which persons are engaging in or are about to engage in on that or adjoining land [F2in the open air] , does there anything which is intended by him to have the effect—

(a)of intimidating those persons or any of them so as to deter them or any of them from engaging in that activity,

(b)of obstructing that activity, or

(c)of disrupting that activity.

[F3(1A)The reference in subsection (1) above to trespassing includes, in Scotland, the exercise of access rights (within the meaning of the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 2)) up to the point when they cease to be exercisable by virtue of the commission of the offence under that subsection.]

(2)Activity on any occasion on the part of a person or persons on land is “lawful” for the purposes of this section if he or they may engage in the activity on the land on that occasion without committing an offence or trespassing on the land.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding [F451 weeks ] or a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale, or both.

(4)

[F5A constable in uniform who reasonably suspects that a person is committing an offence under this section may arrest him without a warrant.]

(5)In this section “land” does not include—

(a)the highways and roads excluded from the application of section 61 by paragraph (b) of the definition of “land” in subsection (9) of that section; or

(b)a road within the meaning of the M1Roads (Northern Ireland) Order 1993.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 68(1) repealed (E.W.) (20.1.2004) by Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 (c. 38), ss. 59(2), 92, 93, Sch. 3; S.I. 2003/3300, art. 2(g)(ii)(d)

F2Words in s. 68(1) repealed (E.W.) (20.1.2004) by Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 (c. 38), ss. 59(2), 92, 93, Sch. 3; S.I. 2003/3300, art. 2(g)(ii)(d)

Marginal Citations

69 Powers to remove persons committing or participating in aggravated trespass.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If the senior police officer present at the scene reasonably believes—

(a)that a person is committing, has committed or intends to commit the offence of aggravated trespass on land [F6in the open air] ; or

(b)that two or more persons are trespassing on land [F7in the open air] and are present there with the common purpose of intimidating persons so as to deter them from engaging in a lawful activity or of obstructing or disrupting a lawful activity,

he may direct that person or (as the case may be) those persons (or any of them) to leave the land.

(2)A direction under subsection (1) above, if not communicated to the persons referred to in subsection (1) by the police officer giving the direction, may be communicated to them by any constable at the scene.

(3)If a person knowing that a direction under subsection (1) above has been given which applies to him—

(a)fails to leave the land as soon as practicable, or

(b)having left again enters the land as a trespasser within the period of three months beginning with the day on which the direction was given,

he commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding [F851 weeks ] or a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale, or both.

(4)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (3) it is a defence for the accused to show—

(a)that he was not trespassing on the land, or

(b)that he had a reasonable excuse for failing to leave the land as soon as practicable or, as the case may be, for again entering the land as a trespasser.

(5)

[F9A constable in uniform who reasonably suspects that a person is committing an offence under this section may arrest him without a warrant.]

(6)In this section “lawful activity” and “land” have the same meaning as in section 68.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F6Words in s. 69(1) repealed (E.W.) (20.1.2004) by Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 (c. 38), ss. 59(3), 92, 93, Sch. 3; S.I. 2003/3300, art. 2(g)(ii)(d)

F7Words in s. 69(1) repealed (E.W.) (20.1.2004) by Anti-social Behaviour Act 2003 (c. 38), ss. 59(3), 92, 93, Sch. 3; S.I. 2003/3300, art. 2(g)(ii)(d)

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