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Value Added Tax Act 1994

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Sections 8 and 31.

SCHEDULE 9Exemptions

Part IIndex to exempt supplies of goods and services

Betting, gaming and lotteriesGroup 4
Burial and cremationGroup 8
EducationGroup 6
FinanceGroup 5
Fund raising events by charities and other qualifying bodiesGroup 12
Health and welfareGroup 7
InsuranceGroup 2
LandGroup 1
Postal servicesGroup 3
Sport, sports competitions and physical educationGroup 10
Trade unions and professional bodiesGroup 9
Works of art etcGroup 11

Part IIThe Groups

Group 1— Land

Item No

1The grant of any interest in or right over land or of any licence to occupy land, or, in relation to land in Scotland, any personal right to call for or be granted any such interest or right, other than—

(a)the grant of the fee simple in—

(i)a building which has not been completed and which is neither designed as a dwelling or number of dwellings nor intended for use solely for a relevant residential purpose or a relevant charitable purpose;

(ii)a new building which is neither designed as a dwelling or number of dwellings nor intended for use solely for a relevant residential purpose or a relevant charitable purpose after the grant;

(iii)a civil engineering work which has not been completed;

(iv)a new civil engineering work;

(b)a supply made pursuant to a developmental tenancy, developmental lease or developmental licence;

(c)the grant of any interest, right or licence consisting of a right to take game or fish unless at the time of the grant the grantor grants to the grantee the fee simple of the land over which the right to take game or fish is exercisable;

(d)the provision in an hotel, inn, boarding house or similar establishment of sleeping accommodation or of accommodation in rooms which are provided in conjunction with sleeping accommodation or for the purpose of a supply of catering;

(e)the grant of any interest in, right over or licence to occupy holiday accommodation;

(f)the provision of seasonal pitches for caravans, and the grant of facilities at caravan parks to persons for whom such pitches are provided;

(g)the provision of pitches for tents or of camping facilities;

(h)the grant of facilities for parking a vehicle;

(j)the grant of any right to fell and remove standing timber;

(k)the grant of facilities for housing, or storage of, an aircraft or for mooring, or storage of, a ship, boat or other vessel;

(l)the grant of any right to occupy a box, seat or other accommodation at a sports ground, theatre, concert hall or other place of entertainment;

(m)the grant of facilities for playing any sport or participating in any physical recreation; and

(n)the grant of any right, including—

(i)an equitable right,

(ii)a right under an option or right of pre-emption, or

(iii)in relation to land in Scotland, a personal right,

to call for or be granted an interest or right which would fall within any of paragraphs (a) or (c) to (m) above.

Notes:

(1)“Grant” includes an assignment, other than an assignment of an interest made to the person to whom a surrender of the interest could be made.

(2)A building shall be taken to be completed when an architect issues a certificate of practical completion in relation to it or it is first fully occupied, whichever happens first; and a civil engineering work shall be taken to be completed when an engineer issues a certificate of completion in relation to it or it is first fully used, whichever happens first.

(3)Notes (2) to (6) to Group 5 of Schedule 8 apply in relation to this Group as they apply in relation to that Group.

(4)A building or civil engineering work is new if it was completed less than three years before the grant.

(5)Subject to Note (6), the grant of the fee simple in a building or work completed before 1st April 1989 is not excluded from this Group by paragraph (a)(ii) or (iv).

(6)Note (5) does not apply where the grant is the first grant of the fee simple made on or after 1st April 1989 and the building was not fully occupied, or the work not fully used, before that date.

(7)A tenancy of, lease of or licence to occupy a building or work is treated as becoming a developmental tenancy, developmental lease or developmental licence (as the case may be) when a tenancy of, lease of or licence to occupy a building or work, whose construction, reconstruction, enlargement or extension commenced on or after 1st January 1992, is treated as being supplied to and by the developer under paragraph 6(1) of Schedule 10.

(8)Where a grant of an interest in, right over or licence to occupy land includes a valuable right to take game or fish, an apportionment shall be made to determine the supply falling outside this Group by virtue of paragraph (c).

(9)“Similar establishment” includes premises in which there is provided furnished sleeping accommodation, whether with or without the provision of board or facilities for the preparation of food, which are used by or held out as being suitable for use by visitors or travellers.

(10)“Houseboat” includes a houseboat within the meaning of Group 9 of Schedule 8.

(11)Paragraph (e) includes—

(a)any grant excluded from item 1 of Group 5 of Schedule 8 by Note (7) in that Group;

(b)any supply made pursuant to a tenancy, lease or licence under which the grantee is or has been permitted to erect and occupy holiday accommodation.

(12)Paragraph (e) does not include a grant in respect of a building or part which is not a new building of—

(a)the fee simple, or

(b)a tenancy, lease or licence to the extent that the grant is made for a consideration in the form of a premium.

(13)“Holiday accommodation” includes any accommodation in a building, hut (including a beach hut or chalet), caravan, houseboat or tent which is advertised or held out as holiday accommodation or as suitable for holiday or leisure use, but excludes any accommodation within paragraph (d).

(14)A seasonal pitch is a pitch—

(a)which is provided for a period of less than a year, or

(b)which is provided for a year or a period longer than a year but which the person to whom it is provided is prevented by the terms of any covenant, statutory planning consent or similar permission from occupying by living in a caravan at all times throughout the period for which the pitch is provided.

(15)“Mooring” includes anchoring or berthing.

(16)Paragraph (m) shall not apply where the grant of the facilities is for—

(a)a continuous period of use exceeding 24 hours; or

(b)a series of 10 or more periods, whether or not exceeding 24 hours in total, where the following conditions are satisfied—

(i)each period is in respect of the same activity carried on at the same place;

(ii)the interval between each period is not less than one day and not more than 14 days;

(iii)consideration is payable by reference to the whole series and is evidenced by written agreement;

(iv)the grantee has exclusive use of the facilities; and

(v)the grantee is a school, a club, an association or an organisation representing affiliated clubs or constituent associations.

Group 2— Insurance

Item No

1The provision of insurance and reinsurance by—

(a)a person permitted in accordance with section 2 of the [1982 c. 50.] Insurance Companies Act 1982 to carry on insurance business; or

(b)an insurer who belongs outside the United Kingdom against any risks or other things described in Schedules 1 and 2 to the Insurance Companies Act 1982.

2The provision of insurance and reinsurance by the Export Credits Guarantee Department.

3The making of arrangements for the provision of any insurance or reinsurance in items 1 and 2.

4The handling of insurance claims by insurance brokers, insurance agents and persons permitted to carry on insurance business as described in item 1.

Note:

Item 4 does not include supplies by loss adjusters, average adjusters, motor assessors, surveyors and other experts, and legal services, in connection with the assessment of any claim.

Group 3— Postal services

Item No

1The conveyance of postal packets by the Post Office.

2The supply by the Post Office of any services in connection with the conveyance of postal packets.

Notes:

(1)“Postal packet” has the same meaning as in the [1953 c. 36.] Post Office Act 1953, except that it does not include a telegram.

(2)Item 2 does not include the letting on hire of goods.

Group 4— Betting, gaming and lotteries

Item No

1The provision of any facilities for the placing of bets or the playing of any games of chance.

2The granting of a right to take part in a lottery.

Notes:

(1)Item 1 does not include—

(a)admission to any premises; or

(b)the granting of a right to take part in a game in respect of which a charge may be made by virtue of regulations under section 14 of the [1968 c. 65.] Gaming Act 1968 or regulations under Article 76 of the [S.I.1985/1204 (N.I.11).] Betting , Gaming, Lotteries and Amusements (Northern Ireland) Order 1985; or

(c)the provision by a club of such facilities to its members as are available to them on payment of their subscription but without further charge; or

(d)the provision of a gaming machine.

(2)“Game of chance” has the same meaning as in the Gaming Act 1968 or in the Betting, Gaming, Lotteries and Amusements (Northern Ireland) Order 1985.

(3)“Gaming machine” means a machine in respect of which the following conditions are satisfied, namely—

(a)it is constructed or adapted for playing a game of chance by means of it; and

(b)a player pays to play the machine (except where he has an opportunity to play payment free as the result of having previously played successfully) either by inserting a coin or token into the machine or in some other way; and

(c)the element of chance in the game is provided by means of the machine.

Group 5— Finance

Item No

1The issue, transfer or receipt of, or any dealing with, money, any security for money or any note or order for the payment of money.

2The making of any advance or the granting of any credit.

3The provision of the facility of instalment credit finance in a hire-purchase, conditional sale or credit sale agreement for which facility a separate charge is made and disclosed to the recipient of the supply of goods.

4The provision of administrative arrangements and documentation and the transfer of title to the goods in connection with the supply described in item 3 if the total consideration therefor is specified in the agreement and does not exceed £10.

5The making of arrangements for any transaction comprised in item 1, 2, 3 or 4 or the underwriting of an issue within item 1.

6The issue, transfer or receipt of, or any dealing with, any security or secondary security being—

(a)shares, stocks, bonds, notes (other than promissory notes), debentures, debenture stock or shares in an oil royalty; or

(b)any document relating to money, in any currency, which has been deposited with the issuer or some other person, being a document which recognises an obligation to pay a stated amount to bearer or to order, with or without interest, and being a document by the delivery of which, with or without endorsement, the right to receive that stated amount, with or without interest, is transferable; or

(c)any bill, note or other obligation of the Treasury or of a Government in any part of the world, being a document by the delivery of which, with or without endorsement, title is transferable, and not being an obligation which is or has been legal tender in any part of the world; or

(d)any letter of allotment or rights, any warrant conferring an option to acquire a security included in this item, any renounceable or scrip certificates, rights coupons, coupons representing dividends or interest on such a security, bond mandates or other documents conferring or containing evidence of title to or rights in respect of such a security; or

(e)units or other documents conferring rights under any trust established for the purpose, or having the effect of providing, for persons having funds available for investment, facilities for the participation by them as beneficiaries under the trust, in any profits or income arising from the acquisition, holding, management or disposal of any property whatsoever.

7The making of arrangements for, or the underwriting of, any transaction within item 6.

8The operation of any current, deposit or savings account.

9The management of an authorised unit trust scheme or of a trust based scheme by the operator of the scheme.

Notes:

(1)Item 1 does not include anything included in item 6.

(2)This Group does not include the supply of a coin or a banknote as a collectors' piece or as an investment article.

(3)Item 2 includes the supply of credit by a person, in connection with a supply of goods or services by him, for which a separate charge is made and disclosed to the recipient of the supply of goods or services.

(4)This Group includes any supply by a person carrying on a credit card, charge card or similar payment card operation made in connection with that operation to a person who accepts the card used in the operation when presented to him in payment for goods or services.

(5)Item 7 includes the introduction to a person effecting transactions in securities or secondary securities within item 6 of a person seeking to acquire or dispose of such securities.

(6)In item 9—

(a)“authorised unit trust scheme” and “operator” have the same meanings as in section 207(1) of the [1986 c. 60.] Financial Services Act 1986;

(b)“trust based scheme” has the same meaning as in regulation 2(1)(b) of the [S.I.1989/28.] Financial Services Act 1986 (Single Property Schemes) (Exemption) Regulations 1989.

Group 6— Education

Item No

1The provision by an eligible body of—

(a)education;

(b)research, where supplied to an eligible body; or

(c)vocational training.

2The supply of private tuition, in a subject ordinarily taught in a school or university, by an individual teacher acting independently of an employer.

3The provision of examination services—

(a)by or to an eligible body; or

(b)to a person receiving education or vocational training which is—

(i)exempt by virtue of items 1, 2 or 5; or

(ii)provided otherwise than in the course or furtherance of a business.

4The supply of any goods or services (other than examination services) which are closely related to a supply of a description falling within item 1 (the principal supply) by or to the eligible body making the principal supply provided—

(a)the goods or services are for the direct use of the pupil, student or trainee (as the case may be) receiving the principal supply; and

(b)where the supply is to the eligible body making the principal supply, it is made by another eligible body.

5The provision of vocational training, and the supply of any goods or services essential thereto by the person providing the vocational training, to the extent that the consideration payable is ultimately a charge to funds provided pursuant to arrangements made under section 2 of the [1973 c. 50.] Employment and Training Act 1973, section 1A of the [1950 c. 29 (N.I).] Employment and Training Act (Northern Ireland) 1950 or section 2 of the [1990 c. 35.] Enterprise and New Towns (Scotland) Act 1990.

6The provision of facilities by—

(a)a youth club or an association of youth clubs to its members; or

(b)an association of youth clubs to members of a youth club which is a member of that association.

Notes:

(1)For the purposes of this Group an “eligible body” is—

(a)a school within the meaning of the Education Acts 1944 to 1993, the [1980 c. 44.] Education (Scotland) Act 1980, the [S.I.1986/594 (N.I.3).] Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 or the [S.I.1989/2406 (N.I.20).] Education Reform (Northern Ireland) Order 1989, which is—

(i)provisionally or finally registered or deemed to be registered as a school within the meaning of the aforesaid legislation in a register of independent schools; or

(ii)a school in respect of which of which grants are made by the Secretary of State to the proprietor or managers; or

(iii)a maintained school within the meaning of the [1993 c. 35.] Education Act 1993 or the [S.I.1986/594 (N.I.3).] Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986; or

(iv)a public school within the meaning of section 135(1) of the [1980 c. 44.] Education (Scotland) Act 1980; or

(v)a grant-maintained school within the meaning of section 22 of the [1993 c. 35.] Education Act 1993; or

(vi)a self-governing school within the meaning of section 1(3) of the [1989 c. 39.] Self-Governing Schools (Scotland) Act 1989; or

(vii)a grant-maintained special school within the meaning of section 182(3) of the [1993 c. 35.] Education Act 1993; or

(viii)a grant-maintained integrated school within the meaning of Article 65 of the [S.I.1989/2406 (N.I.20).] Education Reform (Northern Ireland) Order 1989;

(b)a United Kingdom university, and any college, institution, school or hall of such a university;

(c)an institution—

(i)falling within section 91(3)(a) or (b) or section 91(5)(b) or (c) of the [1992 c. 13.] Further and Higher Education Act 1992; or

(ii)which is a designated institution as defined in section 44(2) of the [1992 c. 37.] Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992; or

(iii)managed by a board of management as defined in section 36(1) of the Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act 1992; or

(iv)to which grants are paid by the Department of Education for Northern Ireland under Article 66(2) of the [S.I.1986/594 (N.I.3).] Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986;

(d)a public body of a description in Note (5) to Group 7 below;

(e)a body recognised under the British Council Recognition Scheme for the teaching of English as a foreign language;

(f)a body not falling within paragraphs (a) to (e) above which—

(i)is precluded from distributing and does not distribute any profit it makes; and

(ii)applies any profits made from supplies of a description within this Group to the continuance or improvement of such supplies.

(2)A supply by a body, which is an eligible body only by virtue of falling within Note (l)(e), shall not fall within this Group insofar as it consists of the provision of anything other than the teaching of English as a foreign language.

(3)“Vocational training” means training or re-training for—

(a)any trade, profession or employment; or

(b)any voluntary work connected with—

(i)education, health, safety, or welfare; or

(ii)the carrying out of activities of a charitable nature;

and for the purposes of item 5, includes the provision of work experience.

(4)“Examination services” include the setting and marking of examinations, the setting of educational or training standards, the making of assessments and other services provided with a view to ensuring educational and training standards are maintained.

(5)For the purposes of item 5 a supply of any goods or services shall not be taken to be essential to the provision of vocational training unless the goods or services in question are provided directly to the trainee.

(6)For the purposes of item 6 a club is a “youth club” if—

(a)it is established to promote the social, physical, educational or spiritual development of its members;

(b)its members are mainly under 21 years of age; and

(c)it satisfies the requirements of Note (l)(f)(i) and (ii).

Group 7— Health and welfare

Item No

1The supply of services by a person registered or enrolled in any of the following—

(a)the register of medical practitioners or the register of medical practitioners with limited registration;

(b)either of the registers of ophthalmic opticians or the register of dispensing opticians kept under the [1989 c. 44.] Opticians Act 1989 or either of the lists kept under section 9 of that Act of bodies corporate carrying on business as ophthalmic opticians or as dispensing opticians;

(c)any register kept under the [1960 c. 66.] Professions Supplementary to Medicine Act 1960;

(d)the register of qualified nurses, midwives and health visitors kept under section 10 of the [1979 c. 36.] Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors Act 1979;

(e)the register of dispensers of hearing aids or the register of persons employing such dispensers maintained under section 2 of the [1968 c. 50.] Hearing Aid Council Act 1968.

2The supply of any services or dental prostheses by—

(a)a person registered in the dentists' register;

(b)a person enrolled in any roll of dental auxiliaries having effect under section 45 of the [1984 c. 24.] Dentists Act 1984; or

(c)a dental technician.

3The supply of any services by a person registered in the register of pharmaceutical chemists kept under the [1954 c. 61.] Pharmacy Act 1954 or the [S.I.1976/1213 (N.I. 22).] Pharmacy (Northern Ireland) Order 1976.

4The provision of care or medical or surgical treatment and, in connection with it, the supply of any goods, in any hospital or other institution approved, licensed, registered or exempted from registration by any Minister or other authority pursuant to a provision of a public general Act of Parliament or of the Northern Ireland Parliament or of a public general Measure of the Northern Ireland Assembly or Order in Council under Schedule 1 to the [1974 c. 28.] Northern Ireland Act 1974, not being a provision which is capable of being brought into effect at different times in relation to different local authority areas.

5The provision of a deputy for a person registered in the register of medical practitioners or the register of medical practitioners with limited registration.

6Human blood.

7Products for therapeutic purposes, derived from human blood.

8Human (including foetal) organs or tissue for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes or medical research.

9The supply, otherwise than for profit, by a charity or public body of welfare services and of goods supplied in connection therewith.

10The supply, otherwise than for profit, of goods and services incidental to the provision of spiritual welfare by a religious community to a resident member of that community in return for a subscription or other consideration paid as a condition of membership.

11The supply of transport services for sick or injured persons in vehicles specially designed for that purpose.

Notes:

(1)Item 1 does not include the letting on hire of goods except where the letting is in connection with a supply of other services comprised in the item.

(2)Paragraphs (a) to (d) of item 1 and paragraphs (a) and (b) of item 2 include supplies of services made by a person who is not registered or enrolled in any of the registers or rolls specified in those paragraphs where the services are wholly performed or directly supervised by a person who is so registered or enrolled.

(3)Item 3 does not include the letting on hire of goods.

(4)For the purposes of this Group a person who is not registered in the visiting EEC practitioners list in the register of medical practitioners at the time he performs services in an urgent case as mentioned in subsection (3) of section 18 of the [1983 c. 54.] Medical Act 1983 is to be treated as being registered in that list where he is entitled to be registered in accordance with that section.

(5)In item 9 “public body” means—

(a)a Government department within the meaning of section 41(6);

(b)a local authority;

(c)a body which acts under any enactment or instrument for public purposes and not for its own profit and which performs functions similar to those of a Government department or local authority.

(6)In item 9 “welfare services” means services which are directly connected with—

(a)the provision of care, treatment or instruction designed to promote the physical or mental welfare of elderly, sick, distressed or disabled persons;

(b)the protection of children and young persons; or

(c)the provision of spiritual welfare by a religious institution as part of a course of instruction or a retreat, not being a course or a retreat designed primarily to provide recreation or a holiday.

(7)Item 9 does not include the supply of accommodation or catering except where it is ancillary to the provision of care, treatment or instruction.

Group 8— Burial and cremation

Item No

1The disposal of the remains of the dead.

2The making of arrangements for or in connection with the disposal of the remains of the dead.

Group 9— Trade Unions and professional bodies

Item No

1The supply to its members of such services and, in connection with those services, of such goods as are both referable only to its aims and available without payment other than a membership subscription by any of the following non-profit-making organisations—

(a)a trade union or other organisation of persons having as its main object the negotiation on behalf of its members of the terms and conditions of their employment;

(b)a professional association, membership of which is wholly or mainly restricted to individuals who have or are seeking a qualification appropriate to the practice of the profession concerned;

(c)an association, the primary purpose of which is the advancement of a particular branch of knowledge, or the fostering of professional expertise, connected with the past or present professions or employments of its members;

(d)an association, the primary purpose of which is to make representations to the Government on legislation and other public matters which affect the business or professional interests of its members.

Note:

(1)Item 1 does not include any right of admission to any premises, event or performance, to which non-members are admitted for a consideration.

(2)“Trade union” has the meaning assigned to it by section 1 of the [1992 c. 52.] Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992.

(3)Item 1 shall include organisations and associations the membership of which consists wholly or mainly of constituent or affiliated associations which as individual associations would be comprised in the item; and “member” shall be construed as including such an association and “membership subscription” shall include an affiliation fee or similar levy.

(4)Paragraph (c) does not apply unless the association restricts its membership wholly or mainly to individuals whose present or previous professions or employments are directly connected with the purposes of the association.

(5)Paragraph (d) does not apply unless the association restricts its membership wholly or mainly to individuals or corporate bodies whose business or professional interests are directly connected with the purposes of the association.

Group 10— Sport, sports competitions and physical education

Item No

1The grant of a right to enter a competition in sport or physical recreation where the consideration for the grant consists in money which is to be allocated wholly towards the provision of a prize or prizes awarded in that competition.

2The grant, by a non-profit-making body established for the purposes of sport or physical recreation, of a right to enter a competition in such an activity.

3The supply by a non-profit making body to an individual, except, where the body operates a membership scheme, an individual who is not a member, of services closely linked with and essential to sport or physical education in which the individual is taking part.

Notes:

(1)Item 3 does not include the supply of any services by a non-profit making body of residential accommodation, catering or transport.

(2)An individual shall only be considered to be a member of a non-profit making body for the purpose of Item 3 where he is granted membership for a period of three months or more.

(3)In Item 3 a “non-profit making body” does not include—

(a)a local authority;

(b)a Government department within the meaning of section 41(6); or

(c)a non-departmental public body which is listed in the 1993 edition of the publication prepared by the Office of Public Service and Science and known as Public Bodies.

Group 11— Works of art etc

Item No

1The disposal of an object with respect to which estate duty is not chargeable by virtue of section 30(3) of the [1953 c. 34.] Finance Act 1953, section 34(1) of the [1956 c. 54.] Finance Act 1956 or the proviso to section 40(2) of the [1930 c. 28.] Finance Act 1930.

2The disposal of an object with respect to which inheritance tax is not chargeable by virtue of paragraph 1(3)(a) or (4), paragraph 3(4)(a), or the words following paragraph 3(4), of Schedule 5 to the [1984 c. 51.] Inheritance Tax Act 1984.

3The disposal of property with respect to which inheritance tax is not chargeable by virtue of section 32(4) or 32A(5) or (7) of the [1984 c. 51.] Inheritance Tax Act 1984.

4The disposal of an asset in a case in which any gain accruing on that disposal is not a chargeable gain by virtue of section 258(2) of the [1992 c. 12.] Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992.

Group 12— Fund-raising events by charities and other qualifying bodies

Item No

1The supply of goods and services by a charity in connection with a fund-raising event organised for charitable purposes by a charity or jointly by more than one charity.

2The supply of goods and services by a qualifying body in connection with a fundraising event organised exclusively for its own benefit.

Notes:

(1)For the purposes of items 1 and 2 “fund-raising event” means a fejte, ball, bazaar, gala show, performance or similar event, which is separate from and not forming any part of a series or regular run of like or similar events.

(2)For the purposes of item 1 “charity” includes a body corporate which is wholly owned by a charity and whose profits (from whatever source) are payable to a charity by virtue of a deed of covenant or trust or otherwise.

(3)For the purposes of item 2 “qualifying body” means any non-profit making body which is—

(a)mentioned in either section 94(3) or Item 1 in Group 9; or

(b)established for the principal purpose of providing facilities for participating in sport or physical education.

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