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Chiropractors Act 1994

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

The General Council and its committeesE+W+S+N.I.

1 The General Chiropractic Council and its committees.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)There shall be a body corporate to be known as the General Chiropractic Council (referred to in this Act as “the General Council”).

(2)It shall be the duty of the General Council to develop, promote and regulate the profession of chiropractic.

(3)The General Council shall have such other functions as are conferred on it by this Act.

(4)Part I of Schedule 1 shall have effect with respect to the constitution of the General Council.

(5)There shall be four committees of the General Council, to be known as—

(a)the Education Committee;

(b)the Investigating Committee;

(c)the Professional Conduct Committee; and

(d)the Health Committee.

(6)The four committees are referred to in this Act as “the statutory committees”.

(7)Each of the statutory committees shall have the functions conferred on it by or under this Act.

(8)The General Council may establish such other committees as it considers appropriate in connection with the discharge of its functions.

(9)Part II of Schedule 1 shall have effect with respect to the statutory committees.

(10)At the request of the General Council, Her Majesty may by Order in Council make such provision with respect to the matters dealt with by Schedule 1 as Her Majesty considers appropriate in consultation with the General Council.

(11)Any such Order in Council shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(12)Any provision under subsection (10) may be made either in substitution for, or as an addition to, that made by any provision of Schedule 1.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 1 partly in force; s. 1 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3)(5)(6); s. 1(1)(8)(10)(11)(12) wholly in force and s. 1(2)-(4) in force for specified purposes at 14.8.1998 by S.I. 1998/2031, art. 2, Sch.; s. 1(2)-(7)(9) partly in force at 13.5.1999 by S.I. 1999/1309, art. 2, Sch.; s. 1(2)(3) in force for certain purposes at 15.6.1999 by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.; s. 1(2)(3) in force for certain purposes and s. 1(5)(6)(7)(9) in force insofar as not already in force at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.; s. 1(4) in force for certain purposes at 1.2.2002, 16.6.2002, 15.2.2003, 16.6.2003 and 16.6.2004 by S.I. 2002/312, art. 2(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)

Registration of chiropractorsE+W+S+N.I.

2 The Registrar of Chiropractors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall appoint a person to be the registrar for the purposes of this Act.

(2)The person appointed shall be known as the Registrar of Chiropractors (referred to in this Act as “the Registrar”) and shall hold office for such period and on such terms as the General Council may determine.

(3)It shall be the duty of the Registrar to establish and maintain a register of chiropractors in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(4)The Registrar shall have such other functions as the General Council may direct.

(5)Where the terms on which the Registrar holds office include provision for the payment to him of any allowances or expenses, the rate at which those allowances or expenses are paid shall be determined by the General Council.

(6)The terms on which the Registrar holds office may, in addition to providing for his remuneration, include provision for the payment of such pensions, allowances or gratuities to or in respect of him, or such contributions or payments towards provision for such pensions, allowances or gratuities, as may be determined by the General Council.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I2S. 2 wholly in force at 15.6.1999; s. 2(1)(2)(4)-(6) in force at 14.8.1998 by S.I. 1998/2031, art. 2, Sch.; s. 2 in force at 15.6.1999 insofar as not already in force by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.

3 Full registration.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this Act, any person who satisfies the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) shall be entitled to be registered as a fully registered chiropractor.

(2)The conditions are that the application is made in the prescribed form and manner and that the applicant—

(a)has paid the prescribed fee;

(b)satisfies the Registrar that he is of good character;

(c)satisfies the Registrar that he is in good health, both physically and mentally; and

(d)has a recognised qualification.

(3)Where an application for registration is made during the transitional period by a person who was in practice as a chiropractor at any time before the opening of the register, he shall be treated as having a recognised qualification if he satisfies the Registrar that for a period of at least five years (which need not be continuous) he has spent a substantial part of his working time in the lawful, safe and competent practice of chiropractic.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3), no account shall be taken of any work done by the applicant before the beginning of the period of seven years ending with the opening of the register.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (3), the question whether the applicant has spent any part of his working time in the lawful, safe and competent practice of chiropractic shall be determined in accordance with such rules (if any) as may be made by the General Council.

(6)The General Council may by rules provide for treating a person who—

(a)has obtained a qualification in chiropractic outside the United Kingdom,

(b)does not hold a recognised qualification, but

(c)satisfies the Registrar that he has reached the required standard of proficiency,

as holding a recognised qualification for the purposes of this Act.

(7)In this section “transitional period” means the period of two years beginning with the opening of the register.

4 Conditional registration.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this Act, any person who satisfies the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) shall be entitled to be registered as a conditionally registered chiropractor.

(2)The conditions are that the application is made in the prescribed form and manner during the transitional period and that the applicant—

(a)has paid the prescribed fee;

(b)satisfies the Registrar that he is of good character;

(c)satisfies the Registrar that he is in good health, both physically and mentally;

(d)satisfies the Registrar that for a period of at least four years (which need not be continuous) he has spent a substantial part of his working time in the lawful, safe and competent practice of chiropractic;

(e)if required to do so by the Registrar in accordance with rules made by the General Council, passes—

(i)the prescribed test of competence; or

(ii)such part of that test as the Registrar may specify; and

(f)gives the required undertaking.

(3)In the application of subsection (2)(d), in relation to any person, no account shall be taken of any work done by him before the beginning of the period of six years ending with the opening of the register.

(4)The General Council may by rules provide for the conversion, in prescribed circumstances and subject to the chiropractor concerned complying with such conditions (if any) as may be prescribed, of conditional registration into full registration.

(5)Unless it is converted into full registration in accordance with the rules, any conditional registration shall cease to have effect—

(a)at the end of the period of five years beginning with the opening of the register; or

(b)where a shorter period has been specified by the Registrar in accordance with subsection (10) in relation to the chiropractor in question, at the end of that shorter period.

(6)In dealing with an application for registration made during the transitional period by a person who—

(a)cannot meet the requirement of subsection (2)(d), but

(b)has a qualification in chiropractic which, while not being a recognised qualification, has not been refused recognition by the General Council,

the Registrar shall refer the matter to the Education Committee.

(7)Where a reference is made to the Education Committee under subsection (6), it shall be the duty of the Committee to advise the General Council.

(8)If, after considering the advice of the Education Committee, the General Council is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so, it shall direct the Registrar to disregard subsection (2)(d) in relation to the application in question.

(9)For the purposes of subsection (2)(d), the question whether the applicant has spent any part of his working time in the lawful, safe and competent practice of chiropractic shall be determined in accordance with such rules (if any) as may be made by the General Council.

(10)In this section—

  • required undertaking” means an undertaking that the person giving it will, before the end of the period of five years beginning with the opening of the register or such shorter period as the Registrar may specify in relation to the applicant—

    (a)

    complete such additional training and acquire such experience as may be specified by the Registrar in accordance with rules made by the General Council; and

    (b)

    comply with such other conditions (if any) as may be imposed on him by the Registrar in accordance with such rules; and

  • transitional period” means the period of two years beginning with the opening of the register.

(11)Rules made by virtue of paragraph (b) in the definition of “required undertaking” in subsection (10) may, in particular, provide for the Registrar to be able to impose, as a condition, the passing of a test of competence specified by the Registrar.

Prospective

5 Provisional registration.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council may make rules providing for all applicants for registration who are entitled to be registered with full registration, or all such applicants falling within a prescribed class, to be registered initially with provisional registration.

(2)Before making any rules under subsection (1), the General Council shall take such steps as are reasonably practicable to consult those who are registered chiropractors.

(3)The General Council may by rules provide for the conversion, in prescribed circumstances and subject to the chiropractor concerned complying with such conditions (if any) as may be prescribed, of provisional registration into full registration.

(4)Unless it is converted into full registration in accordance with the rules, any provisional registration shall cease to have effect at the end of the period of one year beginning with the date on which it is entered in the register.

(5)A provisionally registered chiropractor shall not practise chiropractic except under the supervision of a fully registered chiropractor who is approved by the General Council for the purposes of this subsection.

(6)The General Council shall maintain a list of those fully registered chiropractors who are for the time being approved by the Council for the purposes of subsection (5).

6 Registration: supplemental provision.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The register shall show, in relation to each registered chiropractor—

(a)whether he is registered with full, conditional or provisional registration; and

(b)the address at which he has his practice or principal practice or, if he is not practising, such address as may be prescribed.

(2)The General Council may make rules in connection with registration and the register and as to the payment of fees.

(3)The rules may, in particular, make provision as to—

(a)the form and keeping of the register;

(b)the form and manner in which applications for registration are to be made;

(c)the documentary and other evidence which is to accompany applications for registration;

(d)the manner in which the Registrar is to satisfy himself as to the good character and competence of any person applying for registration and the procedure for so doing;

(e)the manner in which the Registrar is to satisfy himself as to the physical and mental health of any person applying for registration and the procedure for so doing;

(f)the description of persons from whom references are to be provided for persons applying for registration;

(g)in the case of an application for conditional registration, the conditions or kinds of condition which may be imposed on the chiropractor concerned;

(h)the making, periodic renewal and removal of entries in the register;

(i)the giving of reasons for any removal of, or refusal to renew, an entry in the register;

(j)any failure on the part of a registered chiropractor to comply with any conditions subject to which his registration has effect, including provision for the Registrar to refuse to renew his registration or for the removal of his name from the register;

(k)the issue and form of certificates;

(l)the content, assessment and conduct of any test of competence imposed under section 4;

(m)the meaning of “principal practice” for the purposes of subsection (1).

(4)The rules may, in particular, also make provision—

(a)prescribing the fee to be charged for making an entry in the register or restoring such an entry;

(b)prescribing the fee to be charged in respect of the retention in the register of any entry in any year following the year in which the entry was first made;

(c)providing for the entry in the register of qualifications (whether or not they are recognised qualifications) possessed by registered chiropractors and the removal of such an entry;

(d)prescribing the fee to be charged in respect of the making or removal of any entry of a kind mentioned in paragraph (c);

(e)authorising the Registrar—

(i)to refuse to make an entry in the register, or restore such an entry, until the prescribed fee has been paid;

(ii)to remove from the register any entry relating to a person who, after the prescribed notice has been given, fails to pay the fee prescribed in respect of the retention of the entry.

(5)A person who has failed to renew his registration as a chiropractor shall be entitled to have his entry restored to the register on payment of the prescribed fee.

7 Suspension of registration.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where the Registrar suspends the registration of a chiropractor in accordance with any provision of this Act, the Registrar shall enter in the register a note of—

(a)the suspension;

(b)the period of the suspension; and

(c)the provision under which the suspension was made.

(2)Where the period of the suspension is extended, the Registrar shall note the extension in the register.

(3)Any chiropractor whose registration has been suspended shall, for the period of his suspension, cease to be a registered chiropractor for the purposes of section 32(1).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I3S. 7 partly in force; s. 7 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3); s. 7(1)(2) in force at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

8 Restoration to the register of chiropractors who have been struck off.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where a person who has had his entry as a fully registered chiropractor removed from the register as the result of an order under section 22(4)(d) wishes to have his entry restored to the register he shall make an application for registration to the Registrar.

(2)No such application may be made before the end of the period of ten months beginning with the date on which the order under section 22(4)(d) was made.

(3)Any application for registration in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1) (an “application for restoration”) shall be referred by the Registrar to the Professional Conduct Committee for determination by that Committee.

(4)For the purposes of determining an application for restoration—

(a)the Committee shall exercise the Registrar’s functions under section 3; and

(b)subsection (2) of that section shall have effect as if paragraph (d) were omitted.

(5)The Committee shall not grant an application for restoration unless it is satisfied that the applicant not only satisfies the requirements of section 3 (as modified) but, having regard in particular to the circumstances which led to the making of the order under section 22(4)(d), is also a fit and proper person to practise the profession of chiropractic.

(6)On granting an application for restoration, the Committee—

(a)shall direct the Registrar to register the applicant as a fully registered chiropractor; and

(b)may make a conditions of practice order with respect to him.

(7)The provisions of section 22 shall have effect in relation to a conditions of practice order made by virtue of subsection (6) as they have effect in relation to one made by virtue of subsection (4)(b) of that section.

(8)The General Council may by rules make provision in relation to the restoration to the register of conditionally registered chiropractors or provisionally registered chiropractors, and any such rules may provide for restoration, in prescribed circumstances, as a fully registered chiropractor.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I4S. 8 partly in force; s. 8 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3); s. 8(1)-(7) in force and s. 8(8) in force for certain purposes at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

9 Access to the register etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall make the register available for inspection by members of the public at all reasonable times.

(2)The General Council shall—

(a)before the end of the period of twelve months which begins on the date on which the register is opened, and

(b)at least once in every subsequent period of twelve months which begins on the anniversary of that date,

publish a list (referred to in this section as the “published register”), giving the names and registered addresses of those who, at the date of publication, are registered chiropractors.

(3)The published register shall also contain, in respect of each registered chiropractor, such other information, derived from the register, as may, by rules made by the General Council, be determined to be appropriate for publication.

(4)Any chiropractor whose registration has been suspended shall, for the period of his suspension, cease to be a registered chiropractor for the purposes of subsections (2) and (3).

(5)Any person who asks the General Council for a copy of the most recently published register shall be entitled to have one on payment of such reasonable fee as the Council may determine.

(6)Subsection (5) shall not be taken as preventing the General Council from providing copies of the published register free of charge whenever it considers it appropriate.

(7)Any copy of, or extract from, the published register shall be evidence (and in Scotland sufficient evidence) of the matters mentioned in it.

(8)A certificate purporting to be signed by the Registrar, certifying that a person—

(a)is registered in a specified category,

(b)is not registered,

(c)was registered in a specified category at a specified date or during a specified period,

(d)was not registered in a specified category, or in any category, at a specified date or during a specified period, or

(e)has never been registered,

shall be evidence (and in Scotland sufficient evidence) of the matters certified.

10 Fraud or error in relation to registration.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Registrar shall investigate any allegation that an entry in the register has been fraudulently procured or incorrectly made and report on the result of his investigation to the General Council.

(2)An entry which has been restored to the register under section 6(5) or section 8, or under rules made by virtue of section 8(8), may be treated for the purposes of this section as having been fraudulently procured or incorrectly made if any previous entry from which the restored entry is derived was fraudulently procured or incorrectly made.

(3)The Registrar may, at any time during his investigation, suspend the registration in question if he is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to protect members of the public.

(4)The General Council shall by rules make provision, in relation to any case where the Registrar proposes to suspend a chiropractor’s registration under subsection (3)—

(a)giving the chiropractor concerned an opportunity to appear before the Investigating Committee and argue his case against suspension;

(b)allowing him to be legally represented; and

(c)for the Registrar to be made a party to the proceedings.

(5)If, having considered any report of the Registrar, the General Council is satisfied that the entry in question has been fraudulently procured or incorrectly made it may order the Registrar to remove the entry.

(6)Where such an order is made, the Registrar shall without delay notify the person whose entry is to be removed—

(a)of the order; and

(b)of the right of appeal given by subsection (7).

(7)Where such an order is made, the person whose entry is to be removed may appeal to Her Majesty in Council.

(8)Any such appeal—

(a)must be brought before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which the order is made; and

(b)shall be dealt with in accordance with rules made by Her Majesty by Order in Council for the purposes of this section.

(9)On an appeal under this section, the General Council shall be the respondent.

(10)The M1Judicial Committee Act 1833 shall apply in relation to the General Council as it applies in relation to any court from which an appeal lies to Her Majesty in Council.

(11)Without prejudice to the application of that Act, on an appeal under this section to Her Majesty in Council the Judicial Committee may, in their report, recommend to Her Majesty in Council—

(a)that the appeal be dismissed; or

(b)that it be allowed and the order appealed against quashed.

(12)The General Council may by rules make such further provision as it considers appropriate with respect to suspensions under subsection (3), including in particular provision as to their duration.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I5S. 10 wholly in force at 7.9.2000; s. 10 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3)(5)(6); s. 10(1) in force at 15.6.1999 by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.; s. 10 in force insofar as not already in force at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

Marginal Citations

Professional educationE+W+S+N.I.

11 The Education Committee.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Education Committee shall have the general duty of promoting high standards of education and training in chiropractic and keeping the provision made for that education and training under review.

(2)Where it considers it to be necessary in connection with the discharge of its general duty, the Education Committee may itself provide, or arrange for the provision of, education or training.

(3)The General Council shall consult the Education Committee on matters relating to education, training, examinations or tests of competence.

(4)It shall be the duty of the Education Committee to give advice to the General Council on the matters mentioned in subsection (3), either on being consulted by the Council or where it considers it appropriate to do so.

12 Visitors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The Education Committee may appoint persons to visit any place at which or institution by which or under whose direction—

(a)any relevant course of study is, or is proposed to be, given;

(b)any examination is, or is proposed to be, held in connection with any such course;

(c)any test of competence is, or is proposed to be, conducted in connection with any such course or for any other purpose connected with this Act.

(2)In subsection (1) “relevant course of study” means any course of study which forms, or is intended to form, part of—

(a)the complete course of study required in order to obtain a recognised qualification or a qualification for which recognition is being sought; or

(b)any training which a registered chiropractor may be required to undergo after registration.

(3)No person appointed as a visitor may exercise his functions under this section in relation to—

(a)any place at which he regularly gives instruction in any subject; or

(b)any institution with which he has a significant connection.

(4)A person shall not be prevented from being appointed as a visitor merely because he is a member of—

(a)the General Council; or

(b)any of its committees.

(5)Where a visitor visits any place or institution, in the exercise of his functions under this section, he shall report to the Education Committee—

(a)on the nature and quality of the instruction given, or to be given, and the facilities provided or to be provided, at that place or by that institution; and

(b)on such other matters (if any) as he was required to report on by the Committee.

(6)Requirements of the kind mentioned in subsection (5)(b) may be imposed by the Education Committee—

(a)generally in relation to all visits;

(b)generally in relation to all visits made to a specified kind of place or institution; or

(c)specifically in relation to a particular visit.

(7)Where a visitor reports to the Education Committee under subsection (5), the Committee shall on receipt of the report—

(a)send a copy of it to the institution concerned; and

(b)notify that institution of the period within which it may make observations on, or raise objections to, the report.

(8)The period specified by the Committee in a notice given under subsection (7)(b) shall not be less than one month beginning with the date on which a copy of the report is sent to the institution under subsection (7)(a).

(9)The Education Committee shall not take any steps in the light of any report made under subsection (5) before the end of the specified period.

(10)The General Council may—

(a)pay fees, allowances and expenses to persons appointed as visitors; or

(b)treat any such person, for the purposes of paragraph 15(2)(c) to (e) of Schedule 1, as a member of its staff.

(11)In the case of a visitor who is also such a member as is mentioned in subsection (4), any payment made to him in his capacity as a visitor shall be in addition to any to which he is entitled as such a member.

13 The standard of proficiency.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall from time to time determine the standard of proficiency which, in its opinion, is required for the competent and safe practice of chiropractic.

(2)The Council shall publish a statement of the standard of proficiency determined by it under this section.

(3)If the Council at any time varies the standard so determined it shall publish a statement of the revised standard, accompanied by a statement of the differences between that standard and the standard as it was immediately before the revision.

(4)No variation of the standard shall have effect before the end of the period of one year beginning with the date on which the Council publishes the statements required by subsection (3) in connection with that variation.

14 Recognition of qualifications.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Act, a qualification is a “recognised qualification” if it is recognised by the General Council under this section.

(2)Where the General Council is satisfied that—

(a)a qualification granted by an institution in the United Kingdom is evidence of having reached the required standard of proficiency, or

(b)a qualification which such an institution proposes to grant will be evidence of having reached that standard,

it may, with the approval of the Privy Council, recognise that qualification for the purposes of this Act.

(3)Where the General Council is satisfied that a qualification granted by an institution outside the United Kingdom is evidence of having reached the required standard of proficiency, or of reaching a comparable standard, it may, with the approval of the Privy Council, recognise that qualification for the purposes of this Act.

(4)The General Council may by rules—

(a)impose additional conditions for registration, or

(b)provide for any provision made by this Act in relation to conditions for registration to have effect subject to prescribed modifications,

in the case of any application for registration based on a person’s holding a qualification which is recognised under subsection (3).

(5)The General Council shall maintain and publish a list of the qualifications which are for the time being recognised under this section.

(6)Before deciding whether or not to recognise a qualification under this section, the General Council shall consult the Education Committee.

(7)When requesting the approval of the Privy Council for the purposes of subsection (2) or (3), the General Council shall make available to the Privy Council—

(a)the information provided to it by the Education Committee; or

(b)where the Privy Council considers it appropriate, a summary of that information.

(8)The Privy Council shall have regard to the information made available to it under subsection (7) before deciding whether or not to give its approval.

(9)The General Council may by rules make provision requiring the Education Committee to publish a statement indicating—

(a)matters on which the Committee will wish to be satisfied before advising the General Council to recognise a qualification under subsection (2); and

(b)matters which may cause the Committee to advise the General Council not to recognise a qualification under subsection (2).

(10)Where, by virtue of Community law a person (“the chiropractor”) is to be authorised to practise the profession of chiropractic on the same conditions as a person who holds a recognised qualification—

(a)the chiropractor shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as having a recognised qualification; but

(b)the General Council may, subject to Community law, require him to satisfy specified additional conditions before being registered.

(11)In subsection (10) “Community law” means any enforceable Community right or any enactment giving effect to a Community obligation.

15 Recognition of qualifications: supplemental.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A qualification may be recognised by the General Council under section 14—

(a)only in respect of awards of that qualification made after a specified date;

(b)only in respect of awards made before a specified date; or

(c)only in respect of awards made after a specified date but before a specified date.

(2)Any date specified under subsection (1) may be earlier than the date on which this Act is passed.

(3)Where the General Council recognises a qualification in one or other of the limited ways allowed for by subsection (1), the limitation shall be specified in the list issued by the Council under section 14(5).

(4)The General Council may, in recognising a qualification under section 14, direct that the qualification is to remain a recognised qualification only so long as such conditions as the General Council sees fit to impose are complied with in relation to the qualification.

(5)Any such condition may at any time be removed by the General Council.

(6)The General Council shall not exercise any of its functions under subsection (4) or (5) without the approval of the Privy Council.

(7)Any institution which is, or is likely to be, affected by a direction given by the General Council under subsection (4) shall be notified by the Council of the direction as soon as is reasonably practicable.

(8)Where an application is made by any institution for the recognition of a qualification under section 14, the General Council shall notify the institution of the result of its application as soon as is reasonably practicable after the Council determines the application.

(9)Where the General Council refuses such an application it shall, when notifying the institution concerned, give reasons for its refusal.

16 Withdrawal of recognition.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where, as a result of any visitor’s report or other information acquired by the Education Committee, the Committee is of the opinion—

(a)that a recognised qualification is no longer, or will no longer be, evidence of having reached the required standard of proficiency,

(b)that a proposed qualification which has yet to be granted, but which was recognised by virtue of section 14(2)(b), will not be evidence of having reached that standard, or

(c)that a condition for the continued recognition of a qualification (imposed under section 15(4)) has not been complied with,

it shall refer the matter to the General Council.

(2)If the General Council is satisfied that the circumstances of the case are as mentioned in subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) it may, with the approval of the Privy Council, direct that the qualification is no longer to be a recognised qualification for the purposes of this Act.

(3)A direction under subsection (2) shall have effect from the date of the direction or from such later date as may be specified in the direction.

(4)In considering any matter referred to it under subsection (1), the General Council shall have regard to the information on which the Education Committee formed its opinion together with any other relevant information which the Council may have.

(5)When requesting the approval of the Privy Council for the purposes of subsection (2), the General Council shall make available to the Privy Council the information to which it had regard under subsection (4).

(6)The Privy Council shall have regard to the information made available to it under subsection (5) before deciding whether or not to give its approval.

(7)Where the recognition of any qualification is withdrawn under this section, the General Council shall use its best endeavours to secure that any person who is studying for that qualification at any place, at the time when recognition is withdrawn, is given the opportunity to study at that or any other place for a qualification which is recognised.

(8)The withdrawal under this section of recognition from any qualification shall not affect the entitlement of any person to be registered by reference to an award of that qualification made to him before the date on which the direction withdrawing recognition had effect.

Prospective

17 Post registration training.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council may make rules requiring registered chiropractors to undertake further courses of training.

(2)The rules may, in particular, make provision with respect to registered chiropractors who fail to comply with any requirements of the rules, including provision for their registration to cease to have effect.

(3)Before making, or varying, any rules under this section the General Council shall take such steps as are reasonably practicable to consult those who are registered chiropractors and such other persons as the Council considers appropriate.

18 Information to be given by institutions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies to any institution by which, or under whose direction—

(a)any relevant course of study is, or is proposed to be, given;

(b)any examination is, or is proposed to be, held in connection with any such course; or

(c)any test of competence is, or is proposed to be, conducted in connection with any such course or for any other purpose connected with this Act.

(2)In subsection (1) “relevant course of study” has the same meaning as in section 12.

(3)Whenever required to do so by the Education Committee, any such institution shall give to the Committee such information as the Committee may reasonably require in connection with the exercise of its functions under this Act.

(4)The matters with respect to which the Education Committee may require information under subsection (3) include—

(a)the requirements which must be met by any person pursuing the course of study, undergoing the course of training or taking the examination or test in question;

(b)the financial position of the institution;

(c)the efficiency of the institution’s management.

(5)Where an institution refuses any reasonable request for information made by the Education Committee under this section, the Committee may recommend to the General Council that recognition of the qualification in question be either—

(a)refused, or

(b)withdrawn.

(6)Where a recommendation is made to the General Council under subsection (5), the Council may—

(a)in a case to which subsection (5)(a) applies, refuse to recognise the qualification under section 14; or

(b)in a case to which subsection (5)(b) applies, give a direction under section 16(2) (with the required approval of the Privy Council) in respect of the qualification.

Professional conduct and fitness to practiseE+W+S+N.I.

19 The Code of Practice.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall prepare and from time to time publish a Code of Practice—

(a)laying down standards of conduct and practice expected of registered chiropractors; and

(b)giving advice in relation to the practice of chiropractic.

(2)It shall be the duty of the General Council to keep the Code under review and to vary its provisions whenever the Council considers it appropriate to do so.

(3)Before issuing the Code or varying it, the General Council shall consult such representatives of practising chiropractors as it considers appropriate.

(4)Where any person is alleged to have failed to comply with any provision of the Code, that failure—

(a)shall not be taken, of itself, to constitute unacceptable professional conduct on his part; but

(b)shall be taken into account in any proceedings against him under this Act.

(5)Any person who asks the General Council for a copy of the Code shall be entitled to have one on payment of such reasonable fee as the Council may determine.

(6)Subsection (5) is not to be taken as preventing the General Council from providing copies of the Code free of charge whenever it considers it appropriate.

20 Professional conduct and fitness to practise.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where any allegation is made against a registered chiropractor to the effect that—

(a)he has been guilty of conduct which falls short of the standard required of a registered chiropractor;

(b)he has been guilty of professional incompetence;

(c)he has been convicted (at any time) in the United Kingdom of a criminal offence; or

(d)his ability to practise as a chiropractor is seriously impaired because of his physical or mental condition.

(2)In this Act conduct which falls short of the standard required of a registered chiropractor is referred to as “unacceptable professional conduct”.

(3)Where an allegation is made to the General Council, or to any of its committees (other than the Investigating Committee), it shall be the duty of the Council or committee to refer the allegation to the Investigating Committee.

(4)The General Council may make rules requiring any allegation which is made or referred to the Investigating Committee to be referred for preliminary consideration to a person appointed by the Council in accordance with the rules.

(5)Any rules made under subsection (4)—

(a)may allow for the appointment of persons who are members of the General Council; but

(b)may not allow for the appointment of the Registrar.

(6)Any person to whom an allegation is referred by the Investigating Committee in accordance with rules made under subsection (4) shall—

(a)consider the allegation with a view to establishing whether, in his opinion, power is given by this Act to deal with it if it proves to be well founded; and

(b)if he considers that such power is given, give the Investigating Committee a report of the result of his consideration.

(7)Where there are rules in force under subsection (4), the Investigating Committee shall investigate any allegation with respect to which it is given a report by a person appointed under the rules.

(8)Where there are no such rules in force, the Investigating Committee shall investigate any allegation which is made or referred to it.

(9)Where the Investigating Committee is required to investigate any allegation, it shall—

(a)notify the registered chiropractor concerned of the allegation and invite him to give it his observations before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which notice of the allegation is sent to him;

(b)take such steps as are reasonably practicable to obtain as much information as possible about the case; and

(c)consider, in the light of the information which it has been able to obtain and any observations duly made to it by the registered chiropractor concerned, whether in its opinion there is a case to answer.

(10)The General Council shall by rules make provision as to the procedure to be followed by the Investigating Committee in any investigation carried out by it under this section.

(11)In the case of an allegation of a kind mentioned in subsection (1)(c), the Investigating Committee may conclude that there is no case to answer if it considers that the criminal offence in question has no material relevance to the fitness of the chiropractor concerned to practise chiropractic.

(12)Where the Investigating Committee concludes that there is a case to answer, it shall—

(a)notify both the chiropractor concerned and the person making the allegation of its conclusion; and

(b)refer the allegation, as formulated by the Investigating Committee—

(i)to the Health Committee, in the case of an allegation of a kind mentioned in subsection (1)(d); or

(ii)to the Professional Conduct Committee, in the case of an allegation of any other kind.

(13)Where the Investigating Committee concludes that there is no case to answer, it shall notify both the chiropractor concerned and the person making the allegation.

(14)In this section “allegation” means an allegation of a kind mentioned in subsection (1).

21 Interim suspension powers of the Investigating Committee.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where, under section 20, the Investigating Committee is investigating an allegation against a registered chiropractor.

(2)If the Committee is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to protect members of the public, it may order the Registrar to suspend the chiropractor’s registration.

(3)The order shall specify the period of the suspension, which shall not exceed two months beginning with the date on which the order is made.

(4)The Committee shall not—

(a)make an order in any case after it has referred the allegation in question to the Professional Conduct Committee or the Health Committee; or

(b)make more than one order in respect of the same allegation.

(5)Before making an order, the Investigating Committee shall give the chiropractor concerned an opportunity to appear before it and to argue his case against the making of the proposed order.

(6)At any such hearing the chiropractor shall be entitled to be legally represented.

22 Consideration of allegations by the Professional Conduct Committee.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an allegation has been referred to the Professional Conduct Committee under section 20 or by virtue of any rule made under section 26(2)(a), it shall be the duty of the Committee to consider the allegation.

(2)If, having considered it, the Committee is satisfied that the allegation is well founded it shall proceed as follows.

(3)If the allegation is of a kind mentioned in section 20(1)(c), the Committee may take no further action if it considers that the criminal offence in question has no material relevance to the fitness of the chiropractor concerned to practise chiropractic.

(4)Otherwise, the Committee shall take one of the following steps—

(a)admonish the chiropractor;

(b)make an order imposing conditions with which he must comply while practising as a chiropractor (a “conditions of practice order”);

(c)order the Registrar to suspend the chiropractor’s registration for such period as may be specified in the order (a “suspension order”); or

(d)order the Registrar to remove the chiropractor’s name from the register.

(5)A conditions of practice order must specify one or both of the following—

(a)the period for which the order is to have effect;

(b)a test of competence which must be taken by the chiropractor.

(6)A conditions of practice order shall cease to have effect—

(a)if a period is specified in the order, when that period ends;

(b)if no such period is specified but a test of competence is so specified, when the chiropractor concerned passes the test; or

(c)if both a period and a test are so specified, when the period ends or when the chiropractor concerned passes the test, whichever is the later to occur.

(7)At any time while a conditions of practice order is in force under this section or by virtue of a recommendation under section 31(8)(c), the Committee may (whether or not of its own motion)—

(a)extend, or further extend, the period for which the order has effect;

(b)revoke or vary any of the conditions;

(c)require the chiropractor concerned to pass a test of competence specified by the Committee;

(d)reduce the period for which the order has effect; or

(e)revoke the order.

(8)Where the period for which a conditions of practice order has effect is extended or reduced under subsection (7), or a test of competence is specified under that subsection, subsection (6) shall have effect as if—

(a)the period specified in the conditions of practice order was the extended or reduced period; and

(b)the test of competence was specified in that order.

(9)At any time while a suspension order is in force with respect to a chiropractor under this section or by virtue of a recommendation under section 31(8)(c), the Committee may (whether or not of its own motion)—

(a)extend, or further extend, the period of suspension; and

(b)make a conditions of practice order with which the chiropractor must comply if he resumes the practice of chiropractic after the end of his period of suspension.

(10)The period specified in a conditions of practice order or in a suspension order under this section, and any extension of a specified period under subsection (7) or (9), shall not in each case exceed three years.

(11)Before exercising its powers under subsection (4), (7) or (9), the Committee shall give the chiropractor concerned an opportunity to appear before it and to argue his case.

(12)At any such hearing the chiropractor shall be entitled to be legally represented.

(13)In exercising its powers under subsection (7) or (9), the Committee shall ensure that the conditions imposed on the chiropractor concerned are, or the period of suspension imposed on him is, the minimum which it considers necessary for the protection of members of the public.

(14)The Committee shall, before the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the commencement of this section, and at least once in every succeeding period of twelve months, publish a report setting out—

(a)the names of those chiropractors in respect of whom it has investigated allegations under this section and found the allegations to be well founded;

(b)the nature of those allegations; and

(c)the steps (if any) taken by the Committee in respect of the chiropractors so named.

(15)Where the Committee has investigated any allegation against a chiropractor under this section and has not been satisfied that the allegation was well founded, it shall include in its report for the year in question a statement of that fact if the chiropractor so requests.

23 Consideration of allegations by the Health Committee.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where an allegation has been referred to the Health Committee under section 20 or by virtue of any rule made under section 26(2)(a), it shall be the duty of the Committee to consider the allegation.

(2)If, having considered it, the Committee is satisfied that the allegation is well founded, it shall—

(a)make an order imposing conditions with which the chiropractor concerned must comply while practising as a chiropractor (a “conditions of practice order”); or

(b)order the Registrar to suspend the chiropractor’s registration for such period as may be specified in the order (a “suspension order”).

(3)Any condition in a conditions of practice order under this section shall be imposed so as to have effect for a period specified in the order.

(4)At any time while a conditions of practice order is in force under this section or under section 30 or by virtue of a recommendation under section 31(8)(c), the Committee may (whether or not of its own motion)—

(a)extend, or further extend, the period for which the order has effect; or

(b)make a suspension order with respect to the chiropractor concerned.

(5)At any time while a suspension order is in force with respect to a chiropractor under this section or under section 30 or by virtue of a recommendation under section 31(8)(c), the Committee may (whether or not of its own motion)—

(a)extend, or further extend, the period of suspension;

(b)replace the order with a conditions of practice order having effect for the remainder of the period of suspension; or

(c)make a conditions of practice order with which the chiropractor must comply if he resumes the practice of chiropractic after the end of his period of suspension.

(6)On the application of the chiropractor with respect to whom a conditions of practice order or a suspension order is in force under this section or under section 30 or by virtue of a recommendation under section 31(8)(c), the Committee may—

(a)revoke the order;

(b)vary the order by reducing the period for which it has effect; or

(c)in the case of a conditions of practice order, vary the order by removing or altering any of the conditions.

(7)Where a chiropractor has made an application under subsection (6) which has been refused (“the previous application”), the Committee shall not entertain a further such application unless it is made after the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the date on which the previous application was received by the Committee.

(8)The period specified in a conditions of practice order or in a suspension order under this section, and any extension of a specified period under subsection (4) or (5), shall not in each case exceed three years.

(9)Before exercising its powers under subsection (2), (4), (5) or (6), the Committee shall give the chiropractor concerned an opportunity to appear before it and to argue his case.

(10)At any such hearing the chiropractor shall be entitled to be legally represented.

(11)In exercising any of its powers under this section, the Committee shall ensure that any conditions imposed on the chiropractor concerned are, or any period of suspension imposed on him is, the minimum which it considers necessary for the protection of members of the public.

24 Interim suspension powers of the Professional Conduct Committee and the Health Committee.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)an allegation against a registered chiropractor has been referred under section 20, or by virtue of any rule made under section 26(2)(a), to the Professional Conduct Committee or the Health Committee and the Committee has not reached a decision on the matter; or

(b)the Professional Conduct Committee or the Health Committee reaches a relevant decision on any such allegation.

(2)The Committee concerned may, if it is satisfied that it is necessary to do so in order to protect members of the public, order the Registrar to suspend the registration of the chiropractor concerned.

(3)An order under subsection (2) (an “interim suspension order”) shall cease to have effect—

(a)in a case falling within subsection (1)(a), when the Committee reaches a decision in respect of the allegation in question; and

(b)in a case falling within subsection (1)(b)—

(i)if there is no appeal against the decision, when the period for appealing expires; or

(ii)if there is an appeal against the decision, when the appeal is withdrawn or otherwise disposed of.

(4)Before making an interim suspension order, the Committee shall give the chiropractor in question an opportunity to appear before it and to argue his case against the making of the proposed order.

(5)At any such hearing the chiropractor shall be entitled to be legally represented.

(6)Where an interim suspension order has been made, the chiropractor concerned may appeal against it to the appropriate court.

(7)Any such appeal must be brought before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which the order appealed against is made.

(8)On an appeal under subsection (6) the court may terminate the suspension.

(9)On such an appeal the decision of the court shall be final.

(10)In this section—

  • the appropriate court” means—

    (a)

    in the case of a chiropractor whose registered address is in Scotland, the Court of Session;

    (b)

    in the case of a chiropractor whose registered address is in Northern Ireland, the High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland; and

    (c)

    in any other case, the High Court of Justice in England and Wales;

  • relevant decision” means an order under section 22(4)(c) or (d), or an order under section 23(2)(b).

25 Revocation of interim suspension orders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)On an application made by the chiropractor concerned, in a case falling within section 24(1)(a), an interim suspension order may be revoked by the Committee which made it on the ground that a change in the circumstances of the case has made the order unnecessary.

(2)Where a chiropractor has made an application under subsection (1) which has been refused, he may appeal to the appropriate court against the refusal.

(3)Where, in relation to an interim suspension order—

(a)an appeal has been made under section 24(6) against the making of the order, or

(b)a further application for the order to be revoked has been made after an unsuccessful appeal under this section against the refusal of an earlier application,

leave of the appropriate court shall be required for any appeal under subsection (2) in relation to that order.

(4)Except in a case falling within subsection (5), no application under subsection (1) shall be entertained by the Committee concerned if it is made before the end of the period of six months beginning—

(a)with the date on which the order was imposed; or

(b)where an unsuccessful appeal against the order has been made under section 24(6), the date on which the appeal was dismissed.

(5)Where a previous application has been made under subsection (1) in relation to an interim suspension order, no further such application shall be entertained by the Committee concerned if it is made before the end of the period of six months beginning with the date on which the previous application was finally disposed of.

(6)Any appeal under subsection (2) must be brought before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which notice of the refusal is sent to the chiropractor.

(7)On an appeal under subsection (2) the court may terminate the suspension.

(8)On such an appeal the decision of the court shall be final.

(9)In this section “the appropriate court” has the same meaning as in section 24.

26 Investigation of allegations: procedural rules.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall make rules as to the procedure to be followed by the Professional Conduct Committee or the Health Committee in considering any allegation under section 22 or 23.

(2)The rules shall, in particular, include provision—

(a)empowering each Committee to refer to the other any allegation which it considers would be better dealt with by that other Committee;

(b)requiring the chiropractor to whom the allegation relates to be given notice of the allegation;

(c)giving the chiropractor an opportunity to put his case at a hearing if—

(i)before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which notice of the allegation is sent to him, he asks for a hearing; or

(ii)the Committee considers that a hearing is desirable;

(d)entitling the chiropractor to be legally represented at any hearing in respect of the allegation;

(e)securing that—

(i)any hearing before the Professional Conduct Committee is held in public unless the Committee decides that it is in the interests of the person making the allegation, or of any person giving evidence or of any patient, to hold the hearing or any part of it in private; and

(ii)any hearing before the Health Committee is held in private unless the Committee considers that it is appropriate to hold the hearing or any part of it in public;

(f)requiring the chiropractor to be notified by the Committee of its decision, its reasons for reaching that decision and of his right of appeal;

(g)requiring the person by whom the allegation was made to be notified by the Committee of its decision and of its reasons for reaching that decision;

(h)empowering the Committee to require persons to attend and give evidence or to produce documents;

(i)about the admissibility of evidence;

(j)enabling the Committee to administer oaths.

(3)No person shall be required by any rules made under this section to give any evidence or produce any document or other material at a hearing held by either Committee which he could not be compelled to give or produce in civil proceedings in any court in that part of the United Kingdom in which the hearing takes place.

27 Legal assessors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall appoint persons to be legal assessors.

(2)They shall have the general function of giving advice to—

(a)any person appointed in accordance with rules made under section 20(4),

(b)the Investigating Committee,

(c)the Professional Conduct Committee,

(d)the Health Committee, or

(e)the Registrar,

on questions of law arising in connection with any matter which he or (as the case may be) the committee is considering.

(3)They shall also have such other functions as may be conferred on them by rules made by the General Council.

(4)To be qualified for appointment as a legal assessor under this section, a person must—

(a)have a 10 year general qualification (within the meaning of section 71 of the M2Courts and Legal Services Act 1990);

(b)be an advocate or solicitor in Scotland of at least 10 years’ standing; or

(c)be a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland or solicitor of the Supreme Court of Northern Ireland of at least 10 years’ standing.

(5)The General Council may pay such fees, allowances and expenses to persons appointed as legal assessors as it may determine.

(6)In the case of a legal assessor who is also a member of the General Council or of any of its committees, any such payment made to him in his capacity as a legal assessor shall be in addition to any to which he is entitled as such a member.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

28 Medical assessors.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council may appoint registered medical practitioners to be medical assessors.

(2)They shall have the general function of giving advice to—

(a)any person appointed in accordance with rules made under section 20(4),

(b)the Investigating Committee,

(c)the Professional Conduct Committee,

(d)the Health Committee, or

(e)the Registrar,

on matters within their professional competence arising in connection with any matter which he or (as the case may be) the committee is considering.

(3)They shall also have such other functions as may be conferred on them by rules made by the General Council.

(4)The General Council may pay such fees, allowances and expenses to persons appointed as medical assessors as it may determine.

(5)In the case of a medical assessor who is also a member of the General Council or of any of its committees, any such payment made to him in his capacity as a medical assessor shall be in addition to any to which he is entitled as such a member.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 28(2) extended (12.10.2000) by S.I. 2000/2866, Sch. para. 2

AppealsE+W+S+N.I.

29 Appeals against decisions of the Registrar.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where the Registrar—

(a)refuses to register an applicant for registration under this Act,

(b)registers such an applicant with provisional or conditional registration,

(c)refuses to renew any registration,

(d)removes the name of a registered chiropractor from the register on the ground that he has breached one or more of the conditions subject to which his registration had effect (otherwise than under an order of the Professional Conduct Committee), or

(e)refuses to grant an application for the conversion of a conditional, or provisional, registration into full registration,

the person aggrieved may appeal to the General Council.

(2)Any such appeal shall be subject to such rules as the General Council may make for the purpose of regulating appeals under this section.

(3)An appeal to the General Council must be made before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which notice of the Registrar’s decision is sent to the person concerned.

(4)Any person aggrieved by the decision of the General Council on an appeal under this section may appeal, on a point of law, to the appropriate court.

(5)Any right of appeal given by this section shall be in addition to any right which the person concerned may otherwise have to appeal to a county court or, in Scotland, to the sheriff; but only one such right of appeal may be exercised in relation to the same decision.

(6)In this section “the appropriate court” means—

(a)in the case of a person whose registered address is (or if he were registered would be) in Scotland, the Court of Session;

(b)in the case of a person whose registered address is (or if he were registered would be) in Northern Ireland, the High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland; and

(c)in any other case, the High Court of Justice in England and Wales.

30 Appeals against decisions of the Health Committee.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any person with respect to whom a decision of the Health Committee is made under section 23 may, before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which notification of the decision is sent to him, appeal against it in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2)An appeal under subsection (1) shall lie to an appeal tribunal, consisting of a chairman and two other members, established for the purposes of the appeal in accordance with rules made by the General Council for the purposes of this section.

(3)The General Council shall make rules as to the procedure to be followed by an appeal tribunal hearing an appeal under this section.

(4)The rules may, in particular, make similar provision to that made by virtue of section 26(2)(d), (f), (g), (h), (i) or (j).

(5)No decision against which an appeal may be made under this section shall have effect before—

(a)the expiry of the period within which such an appeal may be made; or

(b)the appeal is withdrawn or otherwise disposed of.

(6)The chairman of an appeal tribunal—

(a)shall be selected in accordance with rules made by the General Council; and

(b)shall be qualified as mentioned in section 27(4).

(7)Each of the other two members of an appeal tribunal shall be selected in accordance with rules made by the General Council—

(a)one of them being a fully registered chiropractor, and

(b)the other being a registered medical practitioner.

(8)The rules may not provide for the selection of any member of an appeal tribunal to be by the General Council.

(9)The chairman of an appeal tribunal shall appoint a person approved by the members of the tribunal to act as clerk of the tribunal.

(10)Subject to any provision made by the rules, an appeal tribunal shall sit in public and shall sit—

(a)in Northern Ireland, in the case of a chiropractor whose registered address is in Northern Ireland;

(b)in Scotland, in the case of a chiropractor whose registered address is in Scotland; and

(c)in England and Wales, in any other case.

(11)On any appeal under this section—

(a)the appeal shall be by way of a rehearing of the case;

(b)the General Council shall be the respondent; and

(c)the tribunal hearing the appeal shall have power to make any decision which the Health Committee had power to make under section 23.

(12)An appeal tribunal shall have the same powers of interim suspension as the Health Committee has by virtue of section 24(1)(b) and that section shall have effect in relation to suspension orders made by appeal tribunals with the necessary modifications.

(13)No person shall be required by any rules made under this section to give any evidence or produce any document or other material at a hearing held by an appeal tribunal which he could not be compelled to give or produce in civil proceedings in any court in that part of the United Kingdom in which the hearing takes place.

(14)An appeal tribunal shall have power to award costs.

(15)Any expenses reasonably incurred by a tribunal, including any incurred in connection with the appointment of a clerk, shall be met by the General Council.

31 Appeals against decisions of the Professional Conduct Committee and appeal tribunals.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Any person with respect to whom—

(a)a decision of the Professional Conduct Committee is made under section 8 or 22, or

(b)a decision is made by an appeal tribunal hearing an appeal under section 30,

may, before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which notification of the decision is sent to him, appeal against it in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2)No such decision shall have effect—

(a)before the expiry of the period within which an appeal against the decision may be made; or

(b)where an appeal against the decision has been duly made, before the appeal is withdrawn or otherwise disposed of.

(3)An appeal under this section shall lie to Her Majesty in Council.

(4)An appeal under subsection (1)(b) may only be on a point of law.

(5)Any such appeal shall be dealt with in accordance with rules made by Her Majesty by Order in Council for the purposes of this section.

(6)On an appeal under this section, the General Council shall be the respondent.

(7)The M3Judicial Committee Act 1833 shall apply in relation to the Professional Conduct Committee, an appeal tribunal and the General Council as it applies in relation to any court from which an appeal lies to Her Majesty in Council.

(8)Without prejudice to the application of that Act, on an appeal under this section to Her Majesty in Council, the Judicial Committee may in their report recommend to Her Majesty in Council—

(a)that the appeal be dismissed;

(b)that the appeal be allowed and the decision questioned by the appeal quashed;

(c)that such other decision as the Professional Conduct Committee or (as the case may be) Health Committee could have made be substituted for the decision questioned by the appeal; or

(d)that the case be remitted to the Committee or appeal tribunal concerned to be disposed of in accordance with the directions of the Judicial Committee.

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Marginal Citations

OffencesE+W+S+N.I.

32 Offences.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person who (whether expressly or by implication) describes himself as a chiropractor, chiropractic practitioner, chiropractitioner, chiropractic physician, or any other kind of chiropractor, is guilty of an offence unless he is a registered chiropractor.

(2)A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with any requirement imposed by—

(a)the Professional Conduct Committee,

(b)the Health Committee, or

(c)an appeal tribunal hearing an appeal under section 30,

under rules made by virtue of section 26(2)(h) or under any corresponding rules made by virtue of section 30(4) is guilty of an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level five on the standard scale.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 32(1) restricted (7.5.2001) by S.I. 2001/2028, art. 3(2)(3)

Commencement Information

I6S. 32 partly in force; s. 32 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3); s. 32(2) in force and s. 32(3) in force for certain purposes at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

Monopolies and competitionE+W+S+N.I.

33 Competition and anti-competitive practices.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section “regulatory provision” means—

(a)any rule made by the General Council;

(b)any provision of the Code of Practice issued by the Council under section 19; and

(c)any other advice or guidance given by the Council, any of its committees or any sub-committee of such a committee.

(2)Schedule 8 to the M4Fair Trading Act 1973 (powers exercisable when making certain orders) shall, for the purposes of a competition order, have effect in relation to a regulatory provision as it has effect in relation to an agreement, but with the necessary modifications.

(3)A competition order may be made so as to have effect in relation to a regulatory provision even though that provision was properly made in exercise of functions conferred by this Act.

(4)In this section “a competition order” means—

(a)an order under section 56 of the Act of 1973 (orders following reports on monopoly references); F1. . .

F1(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)For the purposes of any order under section 56 of the Act of 1973 F2. . ., section 90(4) of the Act of 1973 (power to apply orders to existing agreements) shall have effect in relation to a regulatory provision as it has effect in relation to an agreement.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 33(4)(b) and the “or” preceding it repealed (1.3.2000) by 1998 c. 41, s. 74(1)(3), Sch. 12 para. 17(a), Sch. 14 Pt. I; S.I. 2000/344, art. 2, Sch.

Marginal Citations

MiscellaneousE+W+S+N.I.

34 Default powers of Privy Council.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)If it appears to the Privy Council that the General Council has failed to perform any functions which, in the opinion of the Privy Council, should have been performed, the Privy Council may give the General Council such direction as the Privy Council considers appropriate.

(2)If the General Council fails to comply with any direction given under this section, the Privy Council may itself give effect to the direction.

(3)For the purpose of enabling it to give effect to a direction under subsection (1), the Privy Council may—

(a)exercise any power of the General Council or do any act or other thing authorised to be done by the General Council; and

(b)do, of its own motion, any act or other thing which it is otherwise authorised to do under this Act on the instigation of the General Council.

35 Rules.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The approval of the Privy Council shall be required for any exercise by the General Council of a power to make rules under this Act.

(2)Any rules made by the General Council or by Order in Council under this Act may make different provision with respect to different cases or classes of case and, in particular, different provision with respect to different categories of chiropractor or registered chiropractor.

(3)Any Order in Council made under section 10(8)(b) or 31(5) shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)Nothing in any rules made under this Act shall be taken to oblige or entitle any person to act in breach of the law relating to confidentiality.

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Commencement Information

I7S. 35 wholly in force at 7.9.2000; s. 35 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3)(5)(6); s. 35(1)(2)(4) in force at 14.8.1998 by S.I. 1998/2031, art. 2, Sch.; s. 35 in force insofar as not already in force at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

36 Exercise of powers of Privy Council.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Where the approval of the Privy Council is required by this Act in respect of the making of any rules by the General Council, it shall be given by an order made by the Privy Council.

(2)Any power of the Privy Council under this Act to make an order shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

(3)Any order approving rules made under section 5, 8(8), 17 or 30 shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)For the purposes of exercising any powers conferred by this Act (other than the power of hearing appeals) the quorum of the Privy Council shall be two.

(5)Any act of the Privy Council under this Act shall be sufficiently signified by an instrument signed by the Clerk of the Council.

(6)Any document purporting to be—

(a)an instrument made by the Privy Council under this Act, and

(b)signed by the Clerk of the Privy Council,

shall be evidence (and in Scotland sufficient evidence) of the fact that the instrument was so made and of its terms.

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Commencement Information

I8S. 36 partly in force; s. 36 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3)(5)(6); s. 36(3) in force at 15.6.1999, insofar as not already in force, by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.

37 Professional indemnity insurance.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council may by rules make provision requiring—

(a)registered chiropractors who are practising as chiropractors, or

(b)prescribed categories of registered chiropractors who are practising as chiropractors,

to secure that they are properly insured against liability to, or in relation to, their patients.

(2)The rules may, in particular—

(a)prescribe risks, or descriptions of risk, with respect to which insurance is required;

(b)prescribe the amount of insurance that is required either generally or with respect to prescribed risks;

(c)make such provision as the General Council considers appropriate for the purpose of securing, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the requirements of the rules are complied with;

(d)make provision with respect to failure to comply with their requirements (including provision for treating any failure as constituting unacceptable professional conduct).

F338. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

39 Supply of video recordings for use in training to be exempted supply.E+W+S+N.I.

In subsection (11) of section 3 of the M5Video Recordings Act 1984 (exempted supplies), for “or the M6Medical Act 1983” substitute “ the Medical Act 1983, the M7 Osteopaths Act 1993 or the Chiropractors Act 1994 ”.

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Marginal Citations

[F440Exemption from provisions about rehabilitation of offenders.E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 40 repealed (prosp.) by 1997 c. 50, ss. 133(e), 134(2), 135, Sch. 10

(1)In this section—

  • the 1975 Order” means the M8Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975 (professions etc. with respect to which provisions of the Act of 1974 are excluded); and

  • the 1979 Order” means the M9Rehabilitation of Offenders (Exceptions) Order (Northern Ireland) 1979 (professions etc. with respect to which provisions of the M10Rehabilitation of Offenders (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 are excluded).

(2)In Part I of Schedule 1 to the 1975 Order, there shall be inserted at the end—

12Registered chiropractor.

(3)In Part I of Schedule 1 to the 1979 Order, there shall be inserted at the end—

11Registered chiropractor.

(4)In both the 1975 Order and the 1979 Order, in each case in Part IV of Schedule 1, there shall be inserted in the appropriate place— registered chiropractor” has the meaning given by section 43 of the Chiropractors Act 1994. ”

(5)The amendment of the 1975 Order and the 1979 Order by this section shall not be taken to prejudice the power to make further orders varying or revoking the amended provisions.]

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Marginal Citations

40 Exemption from provisions about rehabilitation of offenders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this section—

  • the 1975 Order” means the M14Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975 (professions etc. with respect to which provisions of the Act of 1974 are excluded); and

  • the 1979 Order” means the M15Rehabilitation of Offenders (Exceptions) Order (Northern Ireland) 1979 (professions etc. with respect to which provisions of the M16Rehabilitation of Offenders (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 are excluded).

(2)In Part I of Schedule 1 to the 1975 Order, there shall be inserted at the end—

12Registered chiropractor.

(3)In Part I of Schedule 1 to the 1979 Order, there shall be inserted at the end—

11Registered chiropractor.

(4)In both the 1975 Order and the 1979 Order, in each case in Part IV of Schedule 1, there shall be inserted in the appropriate place— registered chiropractor” has the meaning given by section 43 of the Chiropractors Act 1994. ”

(5)The amendment of the 1975 Order and the 1979 Order by this section shall not be taken to prejudice the power to make further orders varying or revoking the amended provisions.

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Marginal Citations

41 Financial provisions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The General Council shall keep proper accounts of all sums received or paid by it and proper records in relation to those accounts.

(2)The accounts for each financial year of the General Council shall be audited by persons appointed by the Council.

(3)No person may be appointed as an auditor under subsection (2) unless he is eligible for appointment as a company auditor under section 25 of the M11Companies Act 1989 or Article 28 of the M12Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1990.

(4)As soon as is reasonably practicable after the accounts of the General Council have been audited, the Council shall—

(a)cause them to be published, together with any report on them made by the auditors; and

(b)send a copy of the accounts and of any such report to the Privy Council.

(5)The Privy Council shall lay any copy sent to it under subsection (4) before each House of Parliament.

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Marginal Citations

Osteopaths Act 1993E+W+S+N.I.

42 Amendments of the Osteopaths Act 1993.E+W+S+N.I.

The amendments of the M13Osteopaths Act 1993 set out in Schedule 2 shall have effect.

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Marginal Citations

SupplementalE+W+S+N.I.

43 Interpretation.E+W+S+N.I.

In this Act—

  • conditionally registered chiropractor” means a person who is registered with conditional registration;

  • fully registered chiropractor” means a person who is registered with full registration;

  • the General Council” means the General Chiropractic Council;

  • interim suspension order” has the meaning given in section 24(3);

  • opening of the register” means the date on which section 3 comes into force;

  • prescribed” means prescribed by rules made by the General Council;

  • provisionally registered chiropractor” means a person who is registered with provisional registration;

  • recognised qualification” has the meaning given by section 14(1);

  • the register” means the register of chiropractors maintained by the Registrar under section 2;

  • registered” means registered in the register;

  • registered address” means the address which is entered in the register, in relation to the chiropractor in question, in accordance with the requirements of section 6(1) and does not include any other address which may be entered in the register, in relation to him, by virtue of rules made under section 6(2);

  • registered chiropractor” means a person who is registered as a fully registered chiropractor, as a conditionally registered chiropractor or as a provisionally registered chiropractor;

  • the Registrar” has the meaning given in section 2(2);

  • the required standard of proficiency” means the standard determined by the General Council under section 13;

  • the statutory committees” has the meaning given by section 1(6);

  • unacceptable professional conduct” has the meaning given by section 20(2);

  • visitor” means a person appointed under section 12.

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Commencement Information

I9S. 43 partly in force; s. 43 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 44(3)(5)(6); s. 43 in force for specified purposes at 14.8.1998 by S.I. 1998/2031, art. 2, Sch.; s. 43 in force for specified purposes at 13.5.1999 by S.I. 1999/1309, art. 2, Sch.; s. 43 in force for specified purposes at 15.6.1999 by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.; s. 43 in force for certain purposes at 7.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

44 Short title, commencement, transitional provisions and extent.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Chiropractors Act 1994.

(2)Section 42 and Schedule 2 shall come into force on the passing of this Act.

(3)The other provisions of this Act shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint.

(4)The power conferred by subsection (3) shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

(5)Different days may be appointed by an order under subsection (3) for different purposes and different provisions.

(6)Any order under subsection (3) may make such transitional provision as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(7)The transitional provisions of Part III of Schedule 1 shall have effect.

(8)This Act extends to the United Kingdom except that—

(a)section 38(1) and section 40(2) extend only to Great Britain;

(b)section 38(2) and section 40(3) extend only to Northern Ireland;

(c)section 38(3)(b) and (d) extends only to England and Wales; and

(d)section 38(3)(c) and (e) extends only to Scotland.

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Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 44(3)(5)(6) power partly exercised (13.8.1998): 14.8.1998 appointed for specified provisions by S.I. 1998/2031, art. 2, Sch.

S. 44(3) power partly exercised (6.5.1999): 13.5.1999 appointed for specified provisions by S.I. 1999/1309, art. 2, Sch.

S. 44(3) power partly exercised (26.5.1999): 15.6.1999 appointed for specified provisions by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.

S. 44(3): power partly exercised (2.9.2000): 7.9.2000 appointed for specified provisions by S.I. 2000/2388, art. 2, Sch.

S. 44(3) power partly exercised: different dates appointed for specified provisions by S.I. 2002/312, art. 2(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)

Commencement Information

I10S. 44 wholly in force at 15.6.1999: s. 44 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 44(3); s. 44(1)-(7) wholly in force and s. 44(8) in force for specified purposes at 14.8.1998 by S.I. 1998/2031, art. 2, Sch.; s. 44(8) in force for specified purposes at 13.5.1999 by S.I. 1999/1309, art. 2, Sch.; s. 44 in force at 15.6.1999 insofar as not already in force by S.I. 1999/1496, art. 2, Sch.

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