Antarctic Act 1994

Part IE+W+S+N.I. Preliminary

1 Meaning of “Antarctica”.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Act “Antarctica” means—

(a)the continent of Antarctica (including all its ice-shelves),

(b)all islands south of 60° South latitude (including all their ice-shelves),

(c)all areas of continental shelf which are adjacent to that continent or those islands and which are south of 60° South latitude, and

(d)all sea and airspace south of 60° South latitude.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) “continental shelf” shall be construed in accordance with the rules of international law.

2 The Antarctic Treaty, the Protocol and the Convention.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In this Act—

  • the Antarctic Treaty” means the Antarctic Treaty signed at Washington on 1st December 1959,

  • the Protocol” means the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty done at Madrid on 4th October 1991, and

  • the Convention” means the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources drawn up at Canberra on 20th May 1980.

(2)In this Act “another Contracting Party” means any State other than the United Kingdom that is a party to the Protocol.