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Railways Act 1993

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27 Transfer of franchise assets and shares.E+W+S

(1)It shall be the duty of the [F1appropriate franchising authority] before entering into a franchise agreement to satisfy [F2itself] that if the franchise agreement is entered into—

(a)the initial franchise assets (if any) for that franchise agreement will be vested in the person who is to be the franchise operator; and

(b)if the franchise agreement is to be one under which the franchisee undertakes to secure that a wholly owned subsidiary of his provides the franchised services, that the franchise operator will be a wholly owned subsidiary of the franchisee.

(2)After a franchise agreement has been entered into, it shall be the duty of the [F1appropriate franchising authority] , before any property, rights or liabilities are subsequently designated as franchise assets in accordance with the terms of, or by amendment to, the franchise agreement, to satisfy [F2itself] that, if the property, rights or liabilities in question are so designated, they will be vested in the franchise operator.

(3)Without the consent of the [F1appropriate franchising authority] , the franchise operator shall not—

(a)if and to the extent that the franchise assets are property or rights—

(i)transfer or agree to transfer, or create or agree to create any security over, any franchise assets or any interest in, or right over, any franchise assets; or

(ii)create or extinguish, or agree to create or extinguish, any interest in, or right over, any franchise assets; and

(b)if and to the extent that the franchise assets are liabilities, shall not enter into any agreement under which any such liability is released or discharged, or transferred to some other person.

(4)Where the franchise agreement is one under which the franchisee undertakes to secure that a wholly owned subsidiary of his provides the franchised services, the franchisee shall not, without the consent of the [F1appropriate franchising authority] , take any action which would result in the franchise operator ceasing to be a wholly owned subsidiary of his.

(5)Any transaction which is entered into in contravention of subsection (3) or (4) above shall be void.

(6)In England and Wales, no execution or other legal process may be commenced or continued, and no distress may be levied, against any property which is, or rights which are, franchise assets in the case of any franchise agreement.

(7)In Scotland, no diligence or other legal process may be carried out or continued against any property which is, or rights which are, franchise assets in the case of any franchise agreement.

(8)In any case where—

(a)there are to be initial franchise assets in relation to a franchise agreement,

(b)a franchise agreement is to be one which provides for subsequent designation of property, rights or liabilities as franchise assets, or

(c)property, rights or liabilities are to be designated as franchise assets by an amendment made to a franchise agreement,

the [F1appropriate franchising authority] shall ensure that the franchise agreement includes provision specifying, or providing for the determination of, amounts to be paid in respect of the property, rights and liabilities which, immediately before the end of the franchise period, constitute the franchise assets in relation to that franchise agreement if and to the extent that they are transferred by [F3a scheme under [F4section 12 of the Railways Act 2005]]at or after the end of that period.

(9)Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions that may be included in a franchise agreement with respect to the acquisition, provision, disposal or other transfer of property, rights or liabilities (whether franchise assets or not), the [F1appropriate franchising authority] may undertake in a franchise agreement to exercise [F5its] powers under [F4section 12 of the Railways Act 2005] to transfer franchise assets to [F5itself] or another in such circumstances as may be specified in the franchise agreement.

(10)The [F1appropriate franchising authority] shall ensure that every franchise agreement includes such provision (if any) as [F6it] may consider appropriate in the particular case for the purpose of securing—

(a)that the franchise assets are adequately maintained, protected and preserved; and

(b)that, at the end of the franchise period, possession of such of the franchise assets as may be specified for the purpose in the agreement, or by the Franchising Director in accordance with the agreement, is delivered up to the Franchising Director or such other person as may be so specified.

(11)In this Part, “franchise assets”, in relation to any franchise agreement, means—

(a)any property, rights or liabilities which are designated as franchise assets in the franchise agreement as originally made (in this section referred to as the “initial franchise assets”), and

(b)any property, rights or liabilities which, after the making of the franchise agreement, are designated as franchise assets in accordance with the terms of, or by an amendment made to, the franchise agreement,

but does not include any property, rights or liabilities which, in accordance with the terms of, or by an amendment made to, the franchise agreement, have for the time being ceased to be designated as franchise assets.

(12)No rights or liabilities under contracts of employment shall be designated as franchise assets.

(13)In this section “security” has the meaning given by section 248(b) of the M1Insolvency Act 1986.

F7(14). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F7(15). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 27 substituted (24.7.2005 for certain purposes and 16.10.2005 in so far as not already in force) by Railways Act 2005 (c. 14), ss. 1, 60, Sch. 1 para. 17(1); S.I. 2005/1909, art. 2, Sch.; S.I. 2005/2812, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F2Words in s. 27(1)(2) substituted (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 215, Sch. 16 para. 17(2); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to savings and transitional provisions in Sch. 2 Pt. II)(which S.I. was amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 2(2))

F3Words in s. 27(8) substituted (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 252, Sch. 27 para. 24(2); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to savings and transitional provisions in Sch. 2 Pt. II)

F4Words in s. 27(8)(9) substituted (24.7.2005 for certain purposes and 16.10.2005 in so far as not already in force) by Railways Act 2005 (c. 14), ss. 1, 60, Sch. 1 para. 17(2); S.I. 2005/1909, art. 2, Sch.; S.I. 2005/2812, art. 2(1), Sch. 1

F5Words in s. 27(8) substituted (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 215, Sch. 16 para. 17(4); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to savings and transitional provisions in Sch. 2 Pt. II)(which S.I. was amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 2(2))

F6Words in s. 27(10) substituted (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 215, Sch. 16 para. 17(5); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to savings and transitional provisions in Sch. 2 Pt. II)(which S.I. was amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 2(2))

F7S. 27(14)(15) repealed (1.2.2001) by 2000 c. 38, s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. IV; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(1), Sch. 2 Pt. I (subject to savings and transitional provisions in Sch. 2 Pt. II)

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