Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992

244 Meaning of “trade dispute" in Part V.E+W+S

(1)In this Part a “trade dispute” means a dispute between workers and their employer which relates wholly or mainly to one or more of the following—

(a)terms and conditions of employment, or the physical conditions in which any workers are required to work;

(b)engagement or non-engagement, or termination or suspension of employment or the duties of employment, of one or more workers;

(c)allocation of work or the duties of employment between workers or groups of workers;

(d)matters of discipline;

(e)a worker’s membership or non-membership of a trade union;

(f)facilities for officials of trade unions; and

(g)machinery for negotiation or consultation, and other procedures, relating to any of the above matters, including the recognition by employers or employers’ associations of the right of a trade union to represent workers in such negotiation or consultation or in the carrying out of such procedures.

(2)A dispute between a Minister of the Crown and any workers shall, notwithstanding that he is not the employer of those workers, be treated as a dispute between those workers and their employer if the dispute relates to matters which—

(a)have been referred for consideration by a joint body on which, by virtue of provision made by or under any enactment, he is represented, or

(b)cannot be settled without him exercising a power conferred on him by or under an enactment.

(3)There is a trade dispute even though it relates to matters occurring outside the United Kingdom, so long as the person or persons whose actions in the United Kingdom are said to be in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute relating to matters occurring outside the United Kingdom are likely to be affected in respect of one or more of the matters specified in subsection (1) by the outcome of the dispute.

(4)An act, threat or demand done or made by one person or organisation against another which, if resisted, would have led to a trade dispute with that other, shall be treated as being done or made in contemplation of a trade dispute with that other, notwithstanding that because that other submits to the act or threat or accedes to the demand no dispute arises.

(5)In this section—

  • employment” includes any relationship whereby one person personally does work or performs services for another; and

  • worker”, in relation to a dispute with an employer, means—


    a worker employed by that employer; or


    a person who has ceased to be so employed if his employment was terminated in connection with the dispute or if the termination of his employment was one of the circumstances giving rise to the dispute.