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Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

40Invalidity pension for widows

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, this section applies to a woman who—

(a)on her late husband’s death is not entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance or subsequently ceases to be entitled to such an allowance; and

(b)is incapable of work at the time when he dies or when she subsequently ceases to be so entitled; and

(c)either—

(i)would have been entitled to a widow’s pension if she had been over the age of 45 when her husband died or when she ceased to be entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance; or

(ii)is entitled to such a pension with a reduction under section 39(4) above.

(2)This section does not apply to a woman unless—

(a)her husband died after 5th April 1979; or

(b)she ceased to be entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance after that date (whenever her husband died).

(3)Subject to subsection (7) below, a woman to whom this section applies shall be entitled to an invalidity pension under this section for any day of incapacity for work which—

(a)falls in a period of interruption of employment that began before the time when her late husband died or she subsequently ceased to be entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance; and

(b)is after that time and after the first 168 days of incapacity for work in that period.

(4)An invalidity pension under this section shall be payable at the higher of—

(a)the weekly rate which would apply if the pension were payable under section 33 above; or

(b)the weekly rate specified in subsection (5) below.

(5)The weekly rate referred to in subsection (4)(b) above is—

(a)if the woman is not entitled to a widow’s pension, a weekly rate equal to that of the widow’s pension to which she would have been entitled if she had been over the age of 55 when her husband died; and

(b)if she is entitled to a widow’s pension with a reduction under section 39(4) above, a weekly rate equal to the difference between the weekly rate of that pension and what it would have been without the reduction,

but, in calculating the weekly rate of a widow’s pension for the purposes of paragraph (a) above, or the weekly rate of a widow’s pension without reduction, for the purposes of paragraph (b) above, any additional pension by virtue of section 44(3) below as it applies for the purposes of section 39 above shall be determined without reference to any surpluses in her late husband’s earnings factors for tax years after 1990-91.

(6)For the purpose of calculating the rate of an invalidity pension for a woman to whom this section applies by virtue of subsection (1)(c)(ii) above, subsections (4) and (5) above shall have effect with such modifications as are prescribed.

(7)A woman shall not be entitled to an invalidity pension under this section if she is over pensionable age and is entitled to a Category A or Category B retirement pension; but if she has attained pensionable age, and the period of interruption of employment mentioned in subsection (3)(a) above did not terminate earlier than the day before she attained that age—

(a)she shall, if not otherwise entitled to a Category A retirement pension, be entitled to such a pension; and

(b)the weekly rate of the Category A retirement pension to which she is entitled (whether by virtue of paragraph (a) above or otherwise) shall be determined in the prescribed manner.

(8)No invalidity pension shall be payable under section 33 above for any day of incapacity for which an invalidity pension is payable under this section.

(9)In subsection (6) above “modifications” includes additions, omissions and amendments.

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