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Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Interpretation

122Interpretation of Parts I to VI and supplementary provisions

(1)In Parts I to V above and this Part of this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • “beneficiary”, in relation to any benefit, means the person entitled to that benefit;

  • “benefit” means—

    (a)

    benefit under Parts II to V of this Act other than Old Cases payments;

    (b)

    as respects any period before 1st July 1992 but not before 6th April 1975, benefit under Part II of the 1975 Act; or

    (c)

    as respects any period before 6th April 1975, benefit under—

    (d)

    the [1946 c. 67.] National Insurance Act 1946 or [1965 c. 51.] 1965; or

    (ii)

    the [1946 c. 62.] National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act 1946 or [1965 c. 52.] 1965;

  • “child” means a person under the age of 19 who would be treated as a child for the purposes of Part IX of this Act or such other person under that age as may be prescribed;

  • “claim” is to be construed in accordance with “claimant”;

  • “claimant”, in relation to benefit other than industrial injuries benefit, means a person who has claimed benefit;

  • “claimant”, in relation to industrial injuries benefit, means a person who has claimed industrial injuries benefit;

  • “contract of service” means any contract of service or apprenticeship whether written or oral and whether express or implied;

  • “current”, in relation to the lower and upper earnings limits under section 5(1) above, means for the time being in force;

  • “day of incapacity for work” and “day of interruption of employment” have the meanings assigned to them by section 57 above;

  • “deferred” and “period of deferment” have the meanings assigned to them by section 55 above;

  • “earner” and “earnings” are to be construed in accordance with sections 3, 4 and 112 above;

  • “employed earner” has the meaning assigned to it by section 2 above;

  • “employment” includes any trade, business, profession, office or vocation and “employed” has a corresponding meaning;

  • “entitled”, in relation to any benefit, is to be construed in accordance with—

    (a)

    the provisions specifically relating to that benefit;

    (b)

    in the case of a benefit specified in section 20(1) above, section 21 above; and

    (c)

    sections 1 to 3 and 68 of the Administration Act;

  • “industrial injuries benefit” means benefit under Part V of this Act, other than under Schedule 8;

  • “initial primary percentage” is to be construed in accordance with section 8(1) and (2) above and as referring to the percentage rate from time to time specified in section 8(2)(a) above as the initial primary percentage;

  • “the Inland Revenue” means the Commissioners of Inland Revenue;

  • “late husband”, in relation to a woman who has been more than once married, means her last husband;

  • “long-term benefit” has the meaning assigned to it by section 20(2) above;

  • “loss of physical faculty” includes disfigurement whether or not accompanied by any loss of physical faculty;

  • “lower earnings limit” and “upper earnings limit” are to be construed in accordance with section 5(1) above and references to the lower or upper earnings limit of a tax year are to whatever is (or was) for that year the limit in force under that subsection;

  • “main primary percentage” is to be construed in accordance with section 8(1) and (2) above and as referring to the percentage rate from time to time specified in section 8(2)(b) above as the main primary percentage;

  • “medical examination” includes bacteriological and radiographical tests and similar investigations, and “medically examined” has a corresponding meaning;

  • “medical treatment” means medical, surgical or rehabilitative treatment (including any course or diet or other regimen), and references to a person receiving or submitting himself to medical treatment are to be construed accordingly;

  • “the Northern Ireland Department” means the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland;

  • “Old Cases payments” means payments under Part I or II of Schedule 8 to this Act;

  • “payments by way of occupational or personal pension” means, in relation to a person, periodical payments which, in connection with the coming to an end of an employment of his, fall to be made to him-

    (a)

    out of money provided wholly or partly by the employer or under arrangements made by the employer; or

    (b)

    out of money provided under an enactment or instrument having the force of law in any part of the United Kingdom or elsewhere; or

    (c)

    under a personal pension scheme as defined in section 84(1) of the 1986 Act; or

    (d)

    under a contract or trust scheme approved under Chapter III of Part XIV of the [1988 c. 1.] Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988; or

    (e)

    under a personal pension scheme approved under Chapter IV of that Part of that Act,

    and such other payments as are prescribed;

  • “pensionable age” means—

    (a)

    the age of 65, in the case of a man; and

    (b)

    the age of 60, in the case of a woman;

  • “pneumoconiosis” means fibrosis of the lungs due to silica dust, asbestos dust, or other dust, and includes the condition of the lungs known as dust-reticulation;

  • “prescribe” means prescribe by regulations;

  • “primary percentage” is to be construed in accordance with section 8(1) and (2) above;

  • “qualifying earnings factor” means an earnings factor equal to the lower earnings limit for the tax year in question multiplied by 52;

  • “relative” includes a person who is a relative by marriage;

  • “relevant accident” means the accident in respect of which industrial injuries benefit is claimed or payable;

  • “relevant injury” means the injury in respect of which industrial injuries benefit is claimed or payable;

  • “relevant loss of faculty” means—

    (a)

    in relation to severe disablement allowance, the loss of faculty which results in the disablement; or

    (b)

    in relation to industrial injuries benefit, the loss of faculty resulting from the relevant injury;

  • “self-employed earner” has the meaning assigned to it by section 2 above;

  • “short-term benefit” has the meaning assigned to it by section 20(2) above;

  • “tax week” means one of the successive periods in a tax year beginning with the first day of that year and every seventh day thereafter, the last day of a tax year (or, in the case of a tax year ending in a leap year, the last two days) to be treated accordingly as a separate tax week;

  • “tax year” means the 12 months beginning with 6th April in any year, the expression “1978-79” meaning the tax year beginning with 6th April 1978, and any correspondingly framed reference to a pair of successive years being construed as a reference to the tax year beginning with 6th April in the earlier of them;

  • “trade or business” includes, in relation to a public or local authority, the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of that authority;

  • “trade union” means an association of employed earners;

  • “week”, except in relation to disability working allowance, means a period of 7 days beginning with Sunday.

(2)Regulations may make provision modifying the meaning of “employment” for the purposes of any provision of Parts I to V and this Part of this Act.

(3)Provision may be made by regulations as to the circumstances in which a person is to be treated as residing or not residing with another person for any of the purposes of Parts I to V and this Part of this Act and as to the circumstances in which persons are to be treated for any of those purposes as residing or not residing together.

(4)A person who is residing with his spouse shall be treated for the purposes of Parts I to V and this Part of this Act as entitled to any child benefit to which his spouse is entitled.

(5)Regulations may, for the purposes of any provision of those Parts under which the right to any benefit or increase of benefit depends on a person being or having been entitled to child benefit, make provision whereby a person is to be treated as if he were or had been so entitled or as if he were not or had not been so entitled.

(6)For the purposes of Parts I to V and this Part of this Act a person is “permanently incapable of self-support” if (but only if) he is incapable of supporting himself by reason of physical or mental infirmity and is likely to remain so incapable for the remainder of his life.

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