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Part IE+W Council Tax: England and Wales

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. I (ss. 1-69) modified (6.3.1992) by Local Government Act 1992 (c. 19), s. 18(1)(a)(b).

C2Pt. I (ss. 1-69) modified (31.3.1992) by S.I. 1992/549, art.3.

C3Pt. I (ss. 1-69) modified (31.3.1992) by S.I. 1992/550, arts.3,4.

Pt. I (ss. 1-69) modified (28.11.1994) by S.I. 1994/2825, reg. 3

Chapter IE+W Main provisions

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Pt. I Chapter I amended (28.11.1994) by S.I. 1994/2825, regs. 44, 49

PreliminaryE+W

1 Council tax in respect of dwellings.E+W

(1)As regards the financial year beginning in 1993 and subsequent financial years, each billing authority shall, in accordance with this Part, levy and collect a tax, to be called council tax, which shall be payable in respect of dwellings situated in its area.

[F1(2)In this Part “billing authority” means—

(a)in relation to England, a district council or London borough council, the Common Council or the Council of the Isles of Scilly, and

(b)in relation to Wales, a county council or county borough council.]

(3)For the purposes of this Part the Secretary of State may make regulations containing rules for treating a dwelling as situated in a billing authority’s area if part only of the dwelling falls within the area.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 1(2) substituted (3.4.1995 subject to art. 6(2) of the commencing S.I.) by 1994 c. 19, s. 35(5) (with ss. 54(5)(7), 55(5), Sch. 17 paras. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1995/852, arts. 6(1)(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 1(3) modified (W.) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 5, Sch. 2

2 Liability to tax determined on a daily basis.E+W

(1)Liability to pay council tax shall be determined on a daily basis.

(2)For the purposes of determining for any day—

(a)whether any property is a chargeable dwelling;

(b)which valuation band is shown in the billing authority’s valuation list as applicable to any chargeable dwelling;

(c)the person liable to pay council tax in respect of any such dwelling; or

(d)whether any amount of council tax is subject to a discount and (if so) the amount of the discount,

it shall be assumed that any state of affairs subsisting at the end of the day had subsisted throughout the day.

Chargeable dwellingsE+W

3 Meaning of “dwelling".E+W

(1)This section has effect for determining what is a dwelling for the purposes of this Part.

(2)Subject to the following provisions of this section, a dwelling is any property which—

(a)by virtue of the definition of hereditament in section 115(1) of the M1General Rate Act 1967, would have been a hereditament for the purposes of that Act if that Act remained in force; and

(b)is not for the time being shown or required to be shown in a local or a central non-domestic rating list in force at that time; and

(c)is not for the time being exempt from local non-domestic rating for the purposes of Part III of the M2Local Government Finance Act 1988 (“the 1988 Act”);

and in applying paragraphs (b) and (c) above no account shall be taken of any rules as to Crown exemption.

(3)A hereditament which—

(a)is a composite hereditament for the purposes of Part III of the 1988 Act; and

(b)would still be such a hereditament if paragraphs (b) to (d) of section 66(1) of that Act (domestic property) were omitted,

is also, subject to subsection (6) below, a dwelling for the purposes of this Part.

(4)Subject to subsection (6) below, none of the following property, namely—

(a)a yard, garden, outhouse or other appurtenance belonging to or enjoyed with property used wholly for the purposes of living accommodation; or

(b)a private garage which either has a floor area of not more than 25 square metres or is used wholly or mainly for the accommodation of a private motor vehicle; or

(c)private storage premises used wholly or mainly for the storage of articles of domestic use,

is a dwelling except in so far as it forms part of a larger property which is itself a dwelling by virtue of subsection (2) above.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order provide that in such cases as may be prescribed by or determined under the order—

(a)anything which would (apart from the order) be one dwelling shall be treated as two or more dwellings; and

(b)anything which would (apart from the order) be two or more dwellings shall be treated as one dwelling.

(6)The Secretary of State may by order amend any definition of “dwelling" which is for the time being effective for the purposes of this Part.

Annotations:

Marginal Citations

4 Dwellings chargeable to council tax.E+W

(1)Council tax shall be payable in respect of any dwelling which is not an exempt dwelling.

(2)In this Chapter—

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above, a class of dwellings may be prescribed by reference to such factors as the Secretary of State sees fit.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3) above, a class of dwellings may be prescribed by reference to one or more of the following factors—

(a)the physical characteristics of dwellings;

(b)the fact that dwellings are unoccupied or are occupied for prescribed purposes or are occupied or owned by persons of prescribed descriptions.

5 Different amounts for dwellings in different valuation bands.E+W

(1)The amounts of council tax payable in respect of dwellings situated in the same billing authority’s area (or the same part of such an area) and listed in different valuation bands shall be in the proportion—

6: 7: 8: 9: 11: 13: 15: 18

where 6 is for dwellings listed in valuation band A, 7 is for dwellings listed in valuation band B, and so on.

[F2(1A)For the purposes of the application of subsection (1) to dwellings situated in Wales, for the purposes of financial years beginning on or after 1st April 2005, for the proportion specified in that subsection there is substituted the following proportion:

6: 7: 8: 9: 11: 13: 15: 18: 21]

(2)The valuation bands for dwellings in England are set out in the following Table—

Range of valuesValuation band
Values not exceeding £40,000A
Values exceeding £40,000 but not exceeding £52,000B
Values exceeding £52,000 but not exceeding £68,000C
Values exceeding £68,000 but not exceeding £88,000D
Values exceeding £88,000 but not exceeding £120,000E
Values exceeding £120,000 but not exceeding £160,000F
Values exceeding £160,000 but not exceeding £320,000G
Values exceeding £320,000H

(3)The valuation bands for dwellings in Wales are set out in the following Table—

[F3Range of valuesValuation band
Values not exceeding £44,000A
Values exceeding £44,000 but not exceeding £65,000B
Values exceeding £65,000 but not exceeding £91,000C
Values exceeding £91,000 but not exceeding £123,000D
Values exceeding £123,000 but not exceeding £162,000E
Values exceeding £162,000 but not exceeding £223,000F
Values exceeding £223,000 but not exceeding £324,000G
Values exceeding £324,000 but not exceeding £424,000H
Values exceeding £424,000I]

(4)The Secretary of State may by order, as regards financial years beginning on or after such date as is specified in the order—

(a)substitute another proportion for that which is for the time being effective for the purposes of subsection (1) above;

(b)substitute other valuation bands for those which are for the time being effective for the purposes of subsection (2) or (3) above.

[F4(4A)The power under subsection (4)(b) above includes power to make provision for a different number of valuation bands from those which are for the time being effective for the purposes of subsection (2) or (3) above.]

(5)No order under subsection (4) above shall be made unless a draft of the order has been laid before and approved by resolution of the House of Commons.

(6)Any reference in this Part to dwellings listed in a particular valuation band shall be construed as a reference to dwellings to which that valuation band is shown as applicable in the billing authority’s valuation list.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F3S. 5(3): table substituted (W.) (30.11.2003 as regards financial years beginning on or after 1.4.2005) by The Council Tax (Valuation Bands) (Wales) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/3046), art. 2(3)

Liability to taxE+W

6 Persons liable to pay council tax.E+W

(1)The person who is liable to pay council tax in respect of any chargeable dwelling and any day is the person who falls within the first paragraph of subsection (2) below to apply, taking paragraph (a) of that subsection first, paragraph (b) next, and so on.

(2)A person falls within this subsection in relation to any chargeable dwelling and any day if, on that day—

(a)he is a resident of the dwelling and has a freehold interest in the whole or any part of it;

(b)he is such a resident and has a leasehold interest in the whole or any part of the dwelling which is not inferior to another such interest held by another such resident;

(c)he is both such a resident and a statutory [F5, secure or introductory tenant]of the whole or any part of the dwelling;

(d)he is such a resident and has a contractual licence to occupy the whole or any part of the dwelling;

(e)he is such a resident; or

(f)he is the owner of the dwelling.

(3)Where, in relation to any chargeable dwelling and any day, two or more persons fall within the first paragraph of subsection (2) above to apply, they shall each be jointly and severally liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(4)Subsection (3) above shall not apply as respects any day on which one or more of the persons there mentioned fall to be disregarded for the purposes of discount by virtue of [F6paragraph 2 (severely mentally impaired) or 4 (students etc.) of Schedule 1 to this Act] and one or more of them do not; and liability to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day shall be determined as follows—

(a)if only one of those persons does not fall to be so disregarded, he shall be solely liable;

(b)if two or more of those persons do not fall to be so disregarded, they shall each be jointly and severally liable.

(5)In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires—

(a)he has a material interest in the whole or any part of the dwelling; and

(b)at least part of the dwelling or, as the case may be, of the part concerned is not subject to a material interest inferior to his interest;

resident”, in relation to any dwelling, means an individual who has attained the age of 18 years and has his sole or main residence in the dwelling.

(6)In this section—

[F7“introductory tenant" means a tenant under an introductory tenancy within the meaning of Chapter I of Part V of the Housing Act 1996;]

  • material interest” means a freehold interest or a leasehold interest which was granted for a term of six months or more;

  • secure tenant” means a tenant under a secure tenancy within the meaning of Part IV of the M3Housing Act 1985;

  • statutory tenant” means a statutory tenant within the meaning of the M4Rent Act 1977 or the M5Rent (Agriculture) Act 1976.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F5Words in s. 6(2)(c) substituted (12.7.1997) by S.I. 1997/74, art. 2, Sch. para. 8(a)

F6Words in s. 6(4) substituted (18.11.2003) by Local Government Act 2003 (c. 26), ss. 74(1), 128 (with effect as mentioned in s. 74(3))

F7Definition of “introductory tenant" inserted in s. 6(6) (12.7.1997) by S.I. 1997/74, art. 2, Sch. para. 8(b)

Marginal Citations

7 Liability in respect of caravans and boats.E+W

(1)Subsections (2) to (4) below shall have effect in substitution for section 6 above in relation to any chargeable dwelling which consists of a pitch occupied by a caravan, or a mooring occupied by a boat.

(2)Where on any day the owner of the caravan or boat is not, but some other person is, a resident of the dwelling, that other person shall be liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(3)Where on any day subsection (2) above does not apply, the owner of the caravan or boat shall be liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(4)Where on any day two or more persons fall within subsection (2) or (3) above, they shall each be jointly and severally liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(5)Subsection (4) of section 6 above shall apply for the purposes of subsection (4) above as it applies for the purposes of subsection (3) of that section.

(6)In this section “caravan” shall be construed in accordance with Part I of the M6Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960.

(7)Any reference in this section to the owner of a caravan or boat shall be construed—

(a)in relation to a caravan or boat which is subject to an agreement for hire-purchase or conditional sale, as a reference to the person in possession under the agreement;

(b)in relation to a caravan or boat which is subject to a bill of sale or mortgage, as a reference to the person entitled to the property in it apart from the bill or mortgage.

Annotations:

Marginal Citations

8 Liability in prescribed cases.E+W

(1)Subsections (3) and (4) below shall have effect in substitution for section 6 or (as the case may be) section 7 above in relation to any chargeable dwelling of a class prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

(2)Subsections (3) and (4) below shall have effect in substitution for section 6 or (as the case may be) section 7 above in relation to any chargeable dwelling of a class prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, if the billing authority so determines in relation to all dwellings of that class which are situated in its area.

(3)Where on any day this subsection has effect in relation to a dwelling, the owner of the dwelling shall be liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(4)Where on any day two or more persons fall within subsection (3) above, they shall each be jointly and severally liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(5)Subsection (4) of section 6 above shall apply for the purposes of subsection (4) above as it applies for the purposes of subsection (3) of that section.

(6)Regulations prescribing a class of chargeable dwellings for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2) above may provide that, in relation to any dwelling of that class, subsection (3) above shall have effect as if for the reference to the owner of the dwelling there were substituted a reference to the person falling within such description as may be prescribed.

(7)Subsections (3) and (4) of section 4 above shall apply for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (2) of that section.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6S. 8(3) modified (31.3.1992) by S.I. 1992/551, art.3.

9 Liability of spouses.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)a person who is liable to pay council tax in respect of any chargeable dwelling of which he is a resident and any day is married to [F8, or is the civil partner of,] another person; and

(b)that other person is also a resident of the dwelling on that day but would not, apart from this section, be so liable,

those persons shall each be jointly and severally liable to pay the council tax in respect of the dwelling and that day.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply as respects any day on which the other person there mentioned falls to be disregarded for the purposes of discount by virtue of [F9paragraph 2 (the severely mentally impaired) or 4 (students etc.) of Schedule 1 to this Act] .

(3)For the purposes of this section two persons are married to each other if they are a man and a woman—

(a)who are married to each other; or

(b)who are not married to each other but are living together as husband and wife.

[F10(4)For the purposes of this section two persons are civil partners of each other if they are of the same sex and either—

(a)they are civil partners of each other; or

(b)they are not civil partners of each other but are living together as if they were civil partners.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F9Words in s. 9(2) substituted (18.11.2003) by Local Government Act 2003 (c. 26), ss. 74(2), 128 (with effect as mentioned in s. 74(3))

Amounts of tax payableE+W

10 Basic amounts payable.E+W

(1)Subject to sections 11 to 13 below, a person who is liable to pay council tax in respect of any chargeable dwelling and any day shall, as respects the dwelling and the day, pay to the billing authority for the area in which the dwelling is situated an amount calculated in accordance with the formula—

where—

A is the amount which, for the financial year in which the day falls and for dwellings in the valuation band listed for the dwelling, has been set by the authority for its area or (as the case may be) the part of its area in which the dwelling is situated;

D is the number of days in the financial year.

(2)For the purposes of this Part the Secretary of State may make regulations containing rules for ascertaining in what part of a billing authority’s area a dwelling is situated (whether situated in the area in fact or by virtue of regulations made under section 1(3) above).

11 Discounts.E+W

(1)The amount of council tax payable in respect of any chargeable dwelling and any day shall be subject to a discount equal to the appropriate percentage of that amount if on that day—

(a)there is only one resident of the dwelling and he does not fall to be disregarded for the purposes of discount; or

(b)there are two or more residents of the dwelling and each of them except one falls to be disregarded for those purposes.

(2)Subject to [F11sections 11A and 12] below, the amount of council tax payable in respect of any chargeable dwelling and any day shall be subject to a discount equal to twice the appropriate percentage of that amount if on that day—

(a)there is no resident of the dwelling; or

(b)there are one or more residents of the dwelling and each of them falls to be disregarded for the purposes of discount.

(3)In this section F12. . . “the appropriate percentage” means 25 per cent. or, if the Secretary of State by order so provides in relation to the financial year in which the day falls, such other percentage as is specified in the order.

(4)No order under subsection (3) above shall be made unless a draft of the order has been laid before and approved by resolution of the House of Commons.

(5)Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect for determining who shall be disregarded for the purposes of discount.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F12Words in s. 11(3) repealed (18.11.2003 for E. and 27.11.2003 for W.) by Local Government Act 2003 (c. 26), ss. 127(2), 128, Sch. 8 Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/2938, art. 3 (subject to art. 8); S.I. 2003/3034, art. 2(1)(4), Sch. 1 Pt. 1

[F1311ADiscounts: special provision for EnglandE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may for any financial year by regulations prescribe one or more classes of dwelling in England for the purposes of subsection (3) or (4) below.

(2)A class of dwellings may be prescribed under subsection (1) above by reference to such factors as the Secretary of State sees fit and may, in particular, be prescribed by reference to—

(a)the physical characteristics of dwellings, or

(b)the fact that dwellings are unoccupied.

(3)For any financial year for which a class of dwellings is prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, a billing authority in England may by determination provide in relation to all dwellings of that class in its area, or in such part of its area as it may specify in the determination, that the discount under section 11(2)(a) shall be such lesser percentage of at least 10 as it may so specify.

(4)For any financial year for which a class of dwellings is prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, a billing authority in England may by determination provide in relation to all dwellings of that class in its area, or in such part of its area as it may specify in the determination—

(a)that the discount under section 11(2)(a) above shall not apply, or

(b)that the discount under that provision shall be such lesser percentage as it may so specify.

(5)A billing authority may make a determination varying or revoking a determination under subsection (3) or (4) for a financial year, but only before the beginning of the year.

(6)A billing authority which makes a determination under this section shall publish a notice of it in at least one newspaper circulating in its area and do so before the end of the period of 21 days beginning with the date of the determination.

(7)Failure to comply with subsection (6) above shall not affect the validity of a determination.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

12 Discounts: special provision for Wales.E+W

[F14(1)The National Assembly for Wales may for any financial year by regulations prescribe one or more classes of dwelling in Wales for the purposes of subsection (3) or (4) below.

(2)A class of dwellings may be prescribed under subsection (1) above by reference to such factors as the Assembly sees fit and may, in particular, be prescribed by reference to—

(a)the physical characteristics of dwellings, or

(b)the fact that dwellings are unoccupied.

(3)For any financial year for which a class of dwellings is prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, a billing authority in Wales may by determination provide in relation to all dwellings of that class in its area, or in such part of its area as it may specify in the determination, that the discount under section 11(2)(a) shall be such lesser percentage of at least 10 as it may so specify.

(4)For any financial year for which a class of dwellings is prescribed for the purposes of this subsection, a billing authority in Wales may by determination provide in relation to all dwellings of that class in its area, or in such part of its area as it may specify in the determination—

(a)that the discount under section 11(2)(a) above shall not apply, or

(b)that the discount under that provision shall be such lesser percentage as it may so specify.

(5)A billing authority may make a determination varying or revoking a determination under subsection (3) or (4) for a financial year, but only before the beginning of the year.

(6)A billing authority which makes a determination under this section shall publish a notice of it in at least one newspaper circulating in its area and do so before the end of the period of 21 days beginning with the date of the determination.

(7)Failure to comply with subsection (6) above shall not affect the validity of a determination.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

13 Reduced amounts.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations as regards any case where—

(a)a person is liable to pay an amount to a billing authority in respect of council tax for any financial year which is prescribed; and

(b)prescribed conditions are fulfilled.

(2)The regulations may provide that the amount he is liable to pay shall be an amount which—

(a)is less than the amount it would be apart from the regulations; and

(b)is determined in accordance with prescribed rules.

(3)This section applies whether the amount mentioned in subsection (1) above is determined under section 10 above or under that section read with section 11 [F15, 11A] or 12 above.

(4)The conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above may be prescribed by reference to such factors as the Secretary of State thinks fit; and in particular such factors may include the making of an application by the person concerned and all or any of—

(a)the factors mentioned in subsection (5) below; or

(b)the factors mentioned in subsection (6) below.

(5)The factors referred to in subsection (4)(a) above are—

(a)community charges for a period before 1st April 1993;

(b)the circumstances of, or other matters relating to, the person concerned;

(c)an amount relating to the authority concerned and specified, or to be specified, for the purposes of the regulations in a report laid, or to be laid, before the House of Commons;

(d)such other amounts as may be prescribed or arrived at in a prescribed manner.

(6)The factors referred to in subsection (4)(b) above are—

(a)a disabled person having his sole or main residence in the dwelling concerned;

(b)the circumstances of, or other matters relating to, that person;

(c)the physical characteristics of, or other matters relating to, that dwelling.

(7)The rules mentioned in subsection (2) above may be prescribed by reference to such factors as the Secretary of State thinks fit; and in particular such factors may include all or any of the factors mentioned in subsection (5) or subsection (6)(b) or (c) above.

(8)Without prejudice to the generality of section 113(2) below, regulations under this section may include—

(a)provision requiring the Secretary of State to specify in a report, for the purposes of the regulations, an amount in relation to each billing authority;

(b)provision requiring him to lay the report before the House of Commons;

(c)provision for the review of any prescribed decision of a billing authority relating to the application or operation of the regulations;

(d)provision that no appeal may be made to a valuation tribunal in respect of such a decision, notwithstanding section 16(1) below.

(9)To the extent that he would not have power to do so apart from this subsection, the Secretary of State may—

(a)include in regulations under this section such amendments of any social security instrument as he thinks expedient in consequence of the regulations under this section;

(b)include in any social security instrument such provision as he thinks expedient in consequence of regulations under this section.

(10)In subsection (9) above “social security instrument” means an order or regulations made, or falling to be made, by the Secretary of State under the Social Security Acts, that is to say, the M7Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 and the M8Social Security Administration Act 1992.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 13(5) modified (W.) (7.2.1996) by S.I.1996/56, art, 2(1)

S. 13(5) modified (E.) (22.2.1996) by S.I. 1996/176, reg. 4 (as modified by S.I. 1998/214, reg. 11, Sch. 4)

S. 13(5) modified (E.) (25.2.1997) by S.I. 1997/215, reg. 4 (as modified by S.I. 1998/214, reg. 11, Sch. 5)

S. 13(5) modified (E.) (27.2.1998) by S.I. 1998/214, reg. 4

S. 13(5) modified (26.2.1999) by S.I. 1999/259, reg. 4

Marginal Citations

[F1613ABilling authority’s power to reduce amount of tax payableE+W

(1)Where a person is liable to pay council tax in respect of any chargeable dwelling and any day, the billing authority for the area in which the dwelling is situated may reduce the amount which he is liable to pay as respects the dwelling and the day to such extent as it thinks fit.

(2)The power under subsection (1) above includes power to reduce an amount to nil.

(3)The power under subsection (1) may be exercised in relation to particular cases or by determining a class of case in which liability is to be reduced to an extent provided by the determination.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

[F1713BTransitional arrangementsE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for the purpose of smoothing changes in council tax liability resulting from the coming into force in relation to a billing authority in England of—

(a)an order under section 5 above, or

(b)a list under section 22B below.

(2)The National Assembly for Wales may by regulations make provision for the purpose of smoothing changes in council tax liability resulting from the coming into force in relation to a billing authority in Wales of—

(a)an order under section 5 above, or

(b)a list under section 22B below.

(3)Regulations under this section may, in particular—

(a)make provision about the circumstances in which changes are to be smoothed;

(b)make provision for changes to be smoothed over such one or more financial years as may be specified in the regulations;

(c)make provision for liability for any financial year to be determined in accordance with such rules as may be so specified, which may result in liability being the same as or different from what it would otherwise be.

(4)Without prejudice to section 113(1) below, regulations under this section may make different provision for different financial years.

(5)To the extent that he would not have power to do so apart from this subsection, the Secretary of State may—

(a)include in regulations made by him under this section such amendments of any social security instrument as he thinks expedient in consequence of the regulations;

(b)include in any social security instrument such provision as he thinks expedient in consequence of regulations under this section.

(6)In subsection (5) above, “social security instrument” has the meaning given by section 13(10) above.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

Administration and appealsE+W

14 Administration, penalties and enforcement.E+W

(1)Schedule 2 to this Act (which contains provisions about administration, including collection) shall have effect.

(2)Schedule 3 to this Act (which contains provisions about civil penalties) shall have effect.

(3)Schedule 4 to this Act (which contains provisions about the recovery of sums due, including sums due as penalties) shall have effect.

15 Valuation tribunals.E+W

(1)Valuation and community charge tribunals established under Schedule 11 to the 1988 Act shall be known as valuation tribunals.

(2)Such tribunals shall exercise, in addition to the jurisdiction conferred on them by or under the 1988 Act, the jurisdiction conferred on them by—

(a)section 16 below;

(b)regulations made under section 24 below; and

(c)paragraph 3 of Schedule 3 to this Act.

16 Appeals: general.E+W

(1)A person may appeal to a valuation tribunal if he is aggrieved by—

(a)any decision of a billing authority that a dwelling is a chargeable dwelling, or that he is liable to pay council tax in respect of such a dwelling; or

(b)any calculation made by such an authority of an amount which he is liable to pay to the authority in respect of council tax.

(2)In subsection (1) above the reference to any calculation of an amount includes a reference to any estimate of the amount.

(3)Subsection (1) above shall not apply where the grounds on which the person concerned is aggrieved fall within such category or categories as may be prescribed.

(4)No appeal may be made under subsection (1) above unless—

(a)the aggrieved person serves a written notice under this subsection; and

(b)one of the conditions mentioned in subsection (7) below is fulfilled.

(5)A notice under subsection (4) above must be served on the billing authority concerned.

(6)A notice under subsection (4) above must state the matter by which and the grounds on which the person is aggrieved.

(7)The conditions are that—

(a)the aggrieved person is notified in writing, by the authority on which he served the notice, that the authority believes the grievance is not well founded, but the person is still aggrieved;

(b)the aggrieved person is notified in writing, by the authority on which he served the notice, that steps have been taken to deal with the grievance, but the person is still aggrieved;

(c)the period of two months, beginning with the date of service of the aggrieved person’s notice, has ended without his being notified under paragraph (a) or (b) above.

(8)Where a notice under subsection (4) above is served on an authority, the authority shall—

(a)consider the matter to which the notice relates;

(b)include in any notification under subsection (7)(a) above the reasons for the belief concerned;

(c)include in any notification under subsection (7)(b) above a statement of the steps taken.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8S. 16(1) restricted (1.4.1992) by S.I. 1992/613, reg.30.

MiscellaneousE+W

17 Completion of new dwellings.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, Schedule 4A to the M9 1988 Act (which makes provision with respect to the determination of a day as the completion day in relation to a new building) shall, with the exception of paragraph 6, apply for the purposes of this Part as it applies for the purposes of Part III of that Act.

(2)Any reference in this section to the Schedule is a reference to Schedule 4A to the 1988 Act as it applies for the purposes of this Part.

(3)Where—

(a)a completion notice is served under the Schedule; and

(b)the building to which the notice relates is not completed on or before the relevant day,

any dwelling in which the building or any part of it will be comprised shall be deemed for the purposes of this Part to have come into existence on that day.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) above the relevant day in relation to a completion notice is—

(a)where [F18no appeal] against the notice is brought under paragraph 4 of the Schedule, the day stated in the notice; and

(b)where [F19an appeal] against the notice is brought under that paragraph, the day determined under the Schedule as the completion day in relation to the building to which the notice relates.

(5)Where—

(a)a day is determined under the Schedule as the completion day in relation to a new building; and

(b)the building is one produced by the structural alteration of a building which is comprised in one or more existing dwellings,

the existing dwelling or dwellings shall be deemed for the purposes of this Part to have ceased to exist on that day.

(6)Any reference in this section or the Schedule to a new building includes a reference to a building produced by the structural alteration of an existing building where—

(a)the existing building or any part of it is comprised in a dwelling which, by virtue of the alteration, becomes, or becomes part of, a different dwelling or different dwellings; or

(b)neither the existing building nor any part of it is, except by virtue of the alteration, comprised in any dwelling.

(7)Any reference in this section to a building includes a reference to a part of a building; and any reference in the Schedule to the valuation officer shall be construed as a reference to the listing officer.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F18Words in s. 17(4)(a) substituted (18.11.2003) by Local Government Act 2003 (c. 26), s. 127(1), Sch. 7 para. 43(1)(a) (with effect as mentioned in Sch. 7 para. 43(2))

F19Words in s. 17(4)(b) substituted (18.11.2003) by Local Government Act 2003 (c. 26), s. 127(1), Sch. 7 para. 43(1)(b) (with effect as mentioned in Sch. 7 para. 43(2))

Marginal Citations

18 Death of persons liable.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make such regulations as he thinks fit to deal with any case where a person dies and at any time before his death—

(a)he was (or is alleged to have been) liable to pay council tax under section 6, 7 or 8 above;

(b)he was (or is alleged to have been) so liable, as spouse [F20or civil partner] , under section 9 above; or

(c)a penalty was imposed on him under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to this Act.

(2)Nothing in the following provisions of this section shall prejudice the generality of subsection (1) above.

(3)The regulations may provide that where before his death a sum has become payable by the deceased but has not been paid his executor or administrator shall be liable to pay the sum and may deduct out of the assets and effects of the deceased any payments made (or to be made).

(4)The regulations may provide that where before his death a sum in excess of his liability has been paid (whether the excess arises because of his death or otherwise) and has not been repaid or credited his executor or administrator shall be entitled to the sum.

(5)The regulations may provide for the recovery of any sum which is payable under the regulations and is not paid.

(6)The regulations may provide that proceedings (whether by way of appeal or otherwise) may be instituted, continued or withdrawn by the deceased’s executor or administrator.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F20Words in s. 18(1)(b) inserted (15.4.2005 for specified purposes and otherwise 5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 261(1), 263, Sch. 27 para. 140(3); S.I. 2005/1112, art. 2, Sch. 1; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 2

F2119 Exclusion of Crown exemption in certain cases.E+W

(1)Subsection (2) below applies in the case of a dwelling provided and maintained by an authority mentioned in subsection (3) below for purposes connected with the administration of justice, police purposes or other Crown purposes.

(2)Any rules as to Crown exemption which would have applied apart from this subsection shall not prevent—

(a)the dwelling being a chargeable dwelling; or

(b)any person being liable to pay council tax in respect of the dwelling.

(3)The authorities are—

(a)a billing authority other than the Council of the Isles of Scilly;

(b)a county council;

[F22(bb)the Greater London Authority;

(bc)any functional body, within the meaning of the Greater London Authority Act 1999;]

[F23(c)a police authority established under [F24section 3 of the Police Act 1996]]

(ca)F25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(cb)F25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F26(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)the Receiver for the Metropolitan Police District; F27. . .

F28(f). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F29(g)The Residuary Body for Wales (Corff Gweddilliol Cymru).]

(4)The Secretary of State may by order provide that subsection (2) above shall also apply in relation to any dwelling of a class prescribed by the order.

(5)Subsections (3) and (4) of section 4 above shall apply for the purposes of subsection (4) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (2) of that section.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F21S. 19: by 1999 c. 22, ss. 83, Sch. 12 para. 8 (with Sch. 14 para. 7(2)) it is provided (1.4.2001) that, in s. 19(2) after paragraph (e) there is inserted "(ea) the Greater London Magistrates' Courts Authority"; S.I. 2001/916, arts. 2(a)(i), 4 (with Sch. 2 para. 2) and said insertion repealed (1.4.2005) by the Courts Act (c. 39), s. 109(1)(3), Sch. 8 para. 356, {Sch. 10}; S.I. 2005/910, art. 3

F23S. 19(3)(c) substituted (1.10.1994 for certain purposes and 1.4.1995 otherwise) by 1994 c. 29, s. 43, Sch. 4 para. 45; S.I. 1994/2025, art. 6(1)(2)(e)(g) (subject to art. 6(6)); S.I. 1994/3262, art. 4(1), Sch. (subject to art. 5)

F24Words in s. 19(3)(c) substituted (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, s. 103, Sch. 7. Pt. I para. 1(2)(zf)

F25S. 19(3)(ca)(cb) repealed (1.4.2002) by 2001 c. 16, ss. 128, 137, Sch. 6 Pt. 3 para. 76, Sch. 7 Pt. 5; S.I. 2002/344, art. 3(j)(k)(m) (with transitional provisions in art. 4)

F26S. 19(3)(d) repealed (1.4.1995) by 1994 c. 29, s. 93, Sch. 9 Pt. I; S.I. 1994/3262, art. 4(1), Sch.(subject to art. 5)

F27Word “and" in s. 19(3)(e) repealed (1.4.1995) by 1994 c. 29, s. 93, Sch. 9 Pt. I; S.I. 1994/3262, art. 4(1), Sch (subject to art, 5)