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Planning and Compensation Act 1991

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Part IIIE+W Land Compensation, etc: England and Wales

Acquisition of landE+W

62 Powers to acquire land which will be affected by public works.E+W

(1)After section 26(2) of the M1Land Compensation Act 1973 (responsible authority may acquire land by agreement where enjoyment of land affected by public works) there is inserted—

(2A)Where the responsible authority—

(a)propose to carry out works on blighted land for the construction or alteration of any public works, and

(b)are, in relation to the land, the appropriate authority,

they may, subject to the provisions of this section, acquire by agreement land the enjoyment of which will in their opinion be seriously affected by the carrying out of the works or the use of the public works if the interest of the vendor is a qualifying interest.

(2B)In this section—

  • qualifying interest” has the meaning given in section 149(2) of the M2Town and Country Planning Act 1990, taking references to the relevant date as references to the date on which the purchase agreement is made, and

  • appropriate authority” and “blighted land” have the meanings given respectively in sections 169(1) and 149(1) of that Act.

(2)After section 246(2) of the M3Highways Act 1980 (acquisition of land by agreement where enjoyment of land affected by works) there is inserted—

(2A)Where the highway authority propose to carry out works on blighted land for the construction or improvement of a highway, they may acquire by agreement land the enjoyment of which will in their opinion be seriously affected by the carrying out of the works or the use of the highway if the interest of the vendor is a qualifying interest.

(2B)In this section—

  • qualifying interest” has the meaning given in section 149(2) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, taking references to the relevant date as references to the date on which the purchase agreement is made, and

  • blighted land” has the meaning given in section 149(1) of that Act.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 62 wholly in force at 25.09.1991 see s. 84(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3.

Marginal Citations

63 Advance payments of compensation and interest.E+W

(1)In section 52 of the M4Land Compensation Act 1973 (right to advance payment of compensation) for subsection (5) there is substituted—

(4A)Where, at any time after an advance payment has been made on the basis of the acquiring authority’s estimate of the compensation, it appears to the acquiring authority that their estimate was too low, they shall, if a request in that behalf is made in accordance with subsection (2) above, pay to the claimant the balance of the amount of the advance payment calculated as at that time.

(5)Where the amount, or aggregate amount, of any payment under this section made on the basis of the acquiring authority’s estimate of the compensation exceeds the compensation as finally determined or agreed, the excess shall be repaid; and if after any payment under this section has been made to any person it is discovered that he was not entitled to it, the amount of the payment shall be recoverable by the acquiring authority.

(2)After that section there is inserted—

52A Right to interest where advance payment made.

(1)This section applies where the compensation to be paid by the acquiring authority for the compulsory acquisition of any interest in land would (apart from this section) carry interest under section 11(1) of the M5Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 or any bond under Schedule 3 to that Act or section 85 of the M6Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845.

(2)If the authority make a payment under section 52(1) above to any person on account of the compensation—

(a)they shall at the same time make a payment to that person of accrued interest, for the period beginning with the date of entry, on the amount by reference to which the payment under section 52(1) above was calculated; and

(b)the difference between the amount of the payment under section 52(1) above and the amount by reference to which it was calculated is an unpaid balance for the purposes of this section.

(3)If the authority make a payment under section 52(4A) above to any person on account of the compensation, they shall at the same time make a payment to him of accrued interest, for the period beginning with the date of entry, on—

(a)the amount by reference to which the payment under section 52(4A) above was calculated; less

(b)the amount by reference to which the preceding payment under section 52(1) or (4A) above was calculated.

(4)Where the authority make a payment under section 52(4A) above on account of the compensation, the difference between—

(a)the amount of the payment; and

(b)the amount by reference to which it was calculated less the amount by reference to which the preceding payment under section 52(1) or (4A) above was calculated,

is an unpaid balance for the purposes of this section.

(5)If, on an anniversary of the date on which the authority made a payment to any person under section 52(1) above on account of the compensation—

(a)the amount of accrued interest on the unpaid balance under subsection (2) above or, as the case may be,

(b)the aggregate amount of the accrued interest on any unpaid balances,

exceeds £1,000, the authority shall make a payment to the claimant of the amount or aggregate amount.

(6)The acquiring authority shall, on paying the outstanding compensation, pay the amount of the accrued interest on the unpaid balance under subsection (2) above or, as the case may be, the aggregate amount of the accrued interest on any unpaid balances.

(7)For the purposes of subsections (5) and (6) above, interest accrues on any unpaid balance for the period beginning with—

(a)the making of the payment under section 52(1) or, as the case may be, 52(4A) above; or

(b)if any payment has already been made in respect of that balance under subsection (5) above, the date of the preceding payment under that subsection.

(8)For the purposes of this section—

(a)interest accrues at the rate prescribed under section 32 of the M7Land Compensation Act 1961 or, in the case of a bond under section 85 of the M8Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845, at the rate specified in section 85; and

(b)the amount by reference to which a payment under section 52(1) or (4A) was calculated is the amount referred to in section 52(3)(a) or (b) for the purposes of that calculation.

(9)Where any payment has been made under section 52(1) above on account of any compensation, the acquiring authority is not required to pay interest under section 11(1) of the M9Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 or any bond under Schedule 3 to that Act or under section 85 of the Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845.

(10)Where the amount, or aggregate amount, of any payment under section 52 above made on the basis of the acquiring authority’s estimate of the compensation is greater than the compensation as finally determined or agreed and, accordingly, the interest paid under this section is excessive, the excess shall be repaid.

(11)If after any interest has been paid to any person under this section on any amount it is discovered that he was not entitled to the amount, the interest shall be recoverable by the acquiring authority.

(12)The Secretary of State may from time to time by order substitute another sum for the sum specified in subsection (5) above; and the power to make orders under this subsection shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 63 restricted (9.9.1991) by S.I. 1991/2067, art. 4, Sch. 2 Pt. I para. 1

Commencement Information

I2S. 63 wholly in force at 25.09.1991 see s. 84(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3

Marginal Citations

F164 Planning assumptions in connection with highway schemes.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 65 repealed (6.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2), Sch. 25 Pt. 34; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(e) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F165 Certification of appropriate alternative development.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 65 repealed (6.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2), Sch. 25 Pt. 34; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(e) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F266 Compensation where permission for additional development granted after acquisition.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

67 Time limit on validity of notice to treat.E+W

In section 5 of the M10Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 (notice to treat) after subsection (2) there is inserted—

(2A)A notice to treat shall cease to have effect at the end of the period of three years beginning with the date on which it is served unless—

(a)the compensation has been agreed or awarded or has been paid or paid into court,

(b)a general vesting declaration has been executed under section 4 of the M11Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981,

(c)the acquiring authority have entered on and taken possession of the land specified in the notice, or

(d)the question of compensation has been referred to the Lands Tribunal.

(2B)If the person interested in the land, or having power to sell and convey or release it, and the acquiring authority agree to extend the period referred to in subsection (2A) of this section, the notice to treat shall cease to have effect at the end of the period as extended unless—

(a)any of the events referred to in that subsection have then taken place, or

(b)the parties have agreed to a further extension of the period (in which case this subsection shall apply again at the end of the period as further extended, and so on).

(2C)Where a notice to treat ceases to have effect by virtue of subsection (2A) or (2B) of this section, the acquiring authority—

(a)shall immediately give notice of that fact to the person on whom the notice was served and any other person who, since it was served, could have made an agreement under subsection (2B) of this section, and

(b)shall be liable to pay compensation to any person entitled to such a notice for any loss or expenses occasioned to him by the giving of the notice and its ceasing to have effect.

(2D)The amount of any compensation payable under subsection (2C) shall, in default of agreement, be determined by the Lands Tribunal.

(2E)Compensation payable to any person under subsection (2C) shall carry interest at the rate prescribed under section 32 of the M12Land Compensation Act 1961 from the date on which he was entitled to to be given notice under that subsection until payment.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 67 restricted (9.9.1991) by S.I. 1991/2067, art. 4, Sch. 2 Pt. I para. 3.

Commencement Information

I3S. 67 wholly in force at 25.09.1991 see s. 84(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3

Marginal Citations

Home loss paymentsE+W

68 Home loss payments.E+W

(1)For section 29(2) of the M13Land Compensation Act 1973 (home loss payment where person displaced from dwelling: period and nature of occupation) there is substituted—

(2)A person shall not be entitled to a home loss payment unless the following conditions have been satisfied throughout the period of one year ending with the date of displacement—

(a)he has been in occupation of the dwelling, or a substantial part of it, as his only or main residence; and

(b)he has been in such occupation by virtue of an interest or right to which this section applies,

but, if those conditions are satisfied on the date of displacement, a payment (referred to in this section and sections 32 and 33 below as a “discretionary payment”) may be made to him of an amount not exceeding the amount to which he would have been entitled if he had satisfied those conditions throughout that period.

(2)Subsection (5) of that section (no payments where acquisition is in pursuance of blight notice) is omitted.

(3)For section 30 of that Act (amount of home loss payment in England and Wales) there is substituted—

30 Amount of home loss payment in England and Wales.

(1)In the case of a person who on the date of displacement is occupying, or is treated for the purposes of section 29 above as occupying, the dwelling by virtue of an interest in it which is an owner’s interest, the amount of the home loss payment shall be 10 per cent. of the market value of his interest in the dwelling or, as the case may be, the interest in the dwelling vested in trustees, subject to a maximum of £15,000 and a minimum of £1,500.

(2)In any other case, the amount of the home loss payment shall be £1,500.

(3)For the purposes of this section and section 32 below the market value of an interest in a dwelling—

(a)in a case where the interest is compulsorily acquired, is the amount assessed for the purposes of the acquisition as the value of the interest; and

(b)in any other case, is the amount which, if the interest were being compulsorily acquired in pursuance of a notice to treat served on the date of displacement, would be assessed for the purposes of the acquisition as the value of the interest,

and any dispute as to the amount referred to in paragraph (b) above shall be determined by the Lands Tribunal.

(4)In determining for the purposes of this section and section 32 below the market value of an interest in a dwelling, the dwelling shall be taken to include any garden, yard, outhouses and appurtenances belonging to or usually enjoyed with that dwelling.

(5)The Secretary of State may from time to time by regulations prescribe a different maximum or minimum for the purposes of subsection (1) above and a different amount for the purposes of subsection (2) above.

(6)The power to make regulations under subsection (5) above shall be exercisable by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(7)In this section “owner’s interest” means the interest of a person who is an owner as defined in section 7 of the M14Acquisition of Land Act 1981.

(4)For section 32(1) to (3) of that Act (supplementary provisions about home loss payments) there is substituted—

(1)No home loss payment or discretionary payment shall be made except on a claim in writing made by the claimant giving such particulars as the authority responsible for making the payment may reasonably require for the purpose of determining whether the payment should be made and, if so, its amount.

(2)Where a person is entitled to a home loss payment, the payment shall be made on or before the latest of the following dates—

(a)the date of displacement;

(b)the last day of the period of three months beginning with the making of the claim; and

(c)where the amount of the payment is to be determined in accordance with section 30(1) above, the day on which the market value of the interest in question is agreed or finally determined.

(2A)Where the amount of the payment is to be determined in accordance with section 30(1) above—

(a)the acquiring authority may at any time make a payment in advance; and

(b)if, on the later of the dates referred to in subsection (2)(a) and (b) above, the market value of the interest in question has not been agreed or finally determined, the acquiring authority shall make a payment in advance (where they have not already done so).

(2B)The amount of the payment in advance shall be the lesser of—

(a)the maximum amount for the purposes of section 30(1) above,

(b)10 per cent. of the amount agreed to be the market value of the interest in question or, if there is no such agreement, 10 per cent. of the acquiring authority’s estimate of that amount.

(2C)Where the amount of a payment in advance differs from the amount of the home loss payment, the shortfall or excess shall be paid by or, as the case may be, repaid to the acquiring authority when the market value of the interest in question is agreed or finally determined.

(3)Where the claimant has satisfied, throughout any period, the conditions mentioned in section 29(2) above, that period shall be treated for the purposes of that subsection as including any immediately preceding period throughout which—

(a)he has resided in the dwelling as his only or main residence but without satisfying those conditions, and

(b)another person or other persons have satisfied those conditions,

and references in this subsection and subsection (3A) below to a dwelling include a reference to a substantial part of it.

(3A)Where the claimant has satisfied, throughout any period, the conditions mentioned in section 29(2) above, that period (or that period as extended under subsection (3) above) shall be treated for the purposes of section 29(2) above as including any immediately preceding period, or successive periods, throughout which he satisfied the conditions mentioned in section 29(2) above in relation to another dwelling or, as the case may be, other dwellings (applying subsection (3) above to determine the length of any period or periods).

(5)In section 32(4) of that Act for “five years” there is substituted “ one year ”.

(6)In section 32(5) of that Act, for “(3) and (4)” there is substituted “ (3) to (4) ”.

(7)In section 32(7) and (7B) of that Act, after “home loss payment” (in both places) there is inserted “ or discretionary payment ” and after “required” (in both places) there is inserted “ or authorised ”.

(8)In section 33 of that Act (caravan dwellers)—

(a)in subsection (2) after “home loss payment” there is inserted “ or discretionary payment ”,

(b)in subsection (3), for the words following “substituted” (in the second place) there is substituted—

(a)he has been in occupation of the caravan site by using a caravan stationed on it as his only or main residence; and

(b)he has been in such occupation of the site by virtue of an interest or right to which this section applies.

(c)for subsection (4) there is substituted—

(4)Section 30 above shall have effect as if the references to a person occupying a dwelling by virtue of an interest in it and to his interest in the dwelling were to a person occupying a caravan site by virtue of an interest in it and to that interest.,

(d)in subsection (5), for paragraph (a) there is substituted—

(a)as if in subsections (3) and (3A) the references to a dwelling were to a caravan site;,and in paragraph (c) for “(3) and (4)” there is substituted “ (3) to (4) ”.

(9)This section shall have effect in relation to displacements occurring on or after 16th November 1990 but, in the case of claims made before the date on which this section comes into force, no amount is required or authorised to be paid by virtue only of this section before the expiry of the period of one month beginning with the date on which this section comes into force.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Commencement Information

I4S. 68 wholly in force at 25.09.1991 see s. 84(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3.

Marginal Citations

69 Home loss payments: spouses having statutory rights of occupation.E+W

After section 29 of the M15Land Compensation Act 1973 there is inserted—

29A Spouses having statutory rights of occupation.

(1)This section applies where, by reason of the entitlement of one spouse (“A”) to occupy a dwelling by virtue of an interest or right to which section 29 above applies, the other spouse (“B”) acquires rights of occupation (within the meaning of the M16Matrimonial Homes Act 1983).

(2)So long as—

(a)those rights of occupation continue,

(b)B is in occupation of the dwelling and A is not, and

(c)B is not, apart from this section, treated as occupying the dwelling by virtue of an interest or right to which that section applies,

B shall be treated for the purposes of that section as occupying the dwelling by virtue of such an interest (but not an owner’s interest within the meaning of section 30 below).

(3)References in this section to a dwelling include a reference to a substantial part of it.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 69 restricted (9.9.1991) by S.I. 1991/2067, art. 4, Sch. 2 Pt. II para. 4

Commencement Information

I5S. 69 wholly in force at 25.09.1991 see s. 84(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3

Marginal Citations

GeneralE+W

70 Further amendments relating to land compensation.E+W

Schedule 15 to this Act, of which—

(a)Part I contains miscellaneous amendments, and

(b)Part II contains minor and consequential amendments,

relating to land compensation, shall have effect.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I6S. 70 wholly in force: s. 70 in force for certain purposes at 25.9.1991 see s. 84(2)(3) and S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3; s. 70 wholly in force at 2.1.1992 so far as not already in force by S.I. 1991/2728, art. 3

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