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New Roads and Street Works Act 1991

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 168(1).

SCHEDULE 8Minor and consequential amendments

Part IAmendments of the Highways Act 1980

1In section 139 of the [1980 c. 66.] Highways Act 1980 (control of builders' skips), in subsection (11) (definition of “builder’s skip” and “owner”) for “and section 140” substitute “, section 140 and section 140A”.

2After section 140 of the Highways Act 1980, insert—

140A“Builders” skips: charge for occupation of highway

(1)The Minister may make provision by regulations requiring the owner of a builder’s skip deposited on a highway maintainable at the public expense to pay a charge to the highway authority where—

(a)the period for which the skip remains in the highway exceeds such period as may be prescribed, and

(b)the skip is not removed within a reasonable period.

(2)For this purpose “a reasonable period” means such period as is agreed by the authority and the owner of the skip to be reasonable or, in default of such agreement, is determined by arbitration to be reasonable in the circumstances.

In default of agreement, the authority’s view as to what is a reasonable period shall be acted upon pending the decision of the arbitrator.

(3)The regulations may provide that if a person applying to the highway authority for permission under section 139 above submits together with his application an estimate of the likely duration of the occupation of the highway, the period stated in the estimate shall be taken to be agreed by the authority to be reasonable unless they give notice, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, objecting to the estimate.

(4)The regulations may also provide that if it appears to the owner of the skip that by reason of matters not previously foreseen or reasonably foreseeable the duration of the occupation of the highway—

(a)is likely to exceed the prescribed period,

(b)is likely to exceed the period stated in his previous estimate, or

(c)is likely to exceed the period previously agreed or determined to be a reasonable period,

he may submit an estimate or revised estimate accordingly, and that if he does so any previous estimate, agreement or determination shall cease to have effect and the period stated in the new estimate shall be taken to be agreed by the authority to be reasonable unless they give notice, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, objecting to the estimate.

(5)The amount of the charge shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by reference to the period for which the highway is occupied by the skip and the extent of the occupation.

Different rates of charge may be prescribed according to the place and time of the occupation and such other factors as appear to the Minister to be relevant.

(6)The regulations may make provision as to the time and manner of making payment of any charge.

(7)The regulations shall provide that a highway authority may reduce the amount, or waive payment, of a charge in any particular case, in such classes of case as they may decide or as may be prescribed, or generally.

(8)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by the Minister by regulations..

3In section 144 of the [1980 c. 66.] Highways Act 1980 (power to erect flagpoles, &c. on highways), in subsection (6), in the definition of “statutory undertakers” for the words from “any person entitled” to “section 181 below” substitute “any licensee under a street works licence”.

4In section 169 of the Highways Act 1980 (control of scaffolding on highways), in the closing words of subsection (4) (which relate to the meaning of “statutory undertakers”) for the words from “any person entitled” to “section 181 below” substitute “any licensee under a street works licence”.

5In section 170 of the [1980 c. 66.] Highways Act 1980 (control of mixing mortar, &c. on highways), in subsection (2)(e) for the words from “a person entitled” to “section 181 below” substitute “any licensee under a street works licence”.

6After section 171 of the Highways Act 1980 (control of deposit of building materials, &c.) insert—

171AWorks under s. 169 or s. 171: charge for occupation of the highway

(1)The Minister may make provision by regulations requiring a person carrying out any of the following works in a highway maintainable at the public expense—

(a)erecting or retaining a relevant structure within the meaning of section 169(1) above, or

(b)depositing building materials, rubbish or other things, or making a temporary excavation, as mentioned in section 171(1) above,

to pay a charge to the highway authority if the duration of the works exceeds such period as may be prescribed and the works are not completed within a reasonable period.

(2)For this purpose “a reasonable period” means such period as is agreed by the authority and the person executing the works to be reasonable or, in default of such agreement, is determined by arbitration to be reasonable in the circumstances.

In default of agreement, the authority’s view as to what is a reasonable period shall be acted upon pending the decision of the arbitrator.

(3)The regulations may provide that if a person applying to the highway authority for a licence under section 169 or consent under section 171 submits together with his application an estimate of the likely duration of the works, the period stated in the estimate shall be taken to be agreed by the authority to be reasonable unless they give notice, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, objecting to the estimate.

(4)The regulations may also provide that if it appears to the person carrying out the works that by reason of matters not previously foreseen or reasonably foreseeable the duration of the works—

(a)is likely to exceed the prescribed period,

(b)is likely to exceed the period stated in his previous estimate, or

(c)is likely to exceed the period previously agreed or determined to be a reasonable period,

he may submit an estimate or revised estimate accordingly, and that if he does so any previous estimate, agreement or determination shall cease to have effect and the period stated in the new estimate shall be taken to be agreed by the authority to be reasonable unless they give notice, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, objecting to the estimate.

(5)The amount of the charge shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by reference to the time taken to complete the works and the extent to which the surface of the highway is affected by the works.

Different rates of charge may be prescribed according to the description of works, the place and time at which they are executed and such other factors as appear to the Minister to be relevant.

(6)The regulations may make provision as to the time and manner of making payment of any charge.

(7)The regulations shall provide that a highway authority may reduce the amount, or waive payment, of a charge in any particular case, in such classes of case as they may decide or as may be prescribed, or generally.

(8)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by the Minister by regulations..

7In section 174 of the [1980 c. 66.] Highways Act 1980 (precautions to be taken by persons executing works in streets), in subsection (1) for the words from the beginning to “executing works in any street he” substitute— Where a person is executing works of any description in a street (other than street works within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991), he

8In section 179 of the Highways Act 1980 (control of construction of cellars, &c. under the street), in subsection (7) for the words from “code-regulated works” to the end substitute “street works within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

9In section 184 of the Highways Act 1980 (vehicle crossings over footways and verges), omit—

(a)in subsection (9), the words from “In relation to works” to the end, and

(b)subsection (14);and in subsection (15) (supplementary provision as to costs recoverable by highway authority), for “the cost of any works which are required by the said Act of 1950 to be executed” substitute “the cost of any measures needing to be taken in relation to undertaker’s apparatus, in accordance with section 84 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991,”.

10In section 285 of the Highways Act 1980 (power of Minister to execute certain road improvements), in subsection (6) (provisions for purposes of which Minister to be treated as acting as agent of local highway authority) for “the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

11In section 290 of the Highways Act 1980 (supplementary provisions as to entry for purposes of survey), for subsection (8) substitute—

(8)Where in the exercise of a power conferred by section 289 above works authorised by subsection (3) of that section are to be executed in a street—

(a)section 55 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (notice of starting date of works), so far as it requires notice to be given to a person having apparatus in the street which is likely to be affected by the works,

(b)section 69 of that Act (requirements to be complied with where works likely to affect another person’s apparatus in the street), and

(c)section 82 of that Act (liability for damage or loss caused),

have effect in relation to the works as if they were street works within the meaning of Part III of that Act..

12In section 292 of the [1980 c. 66.] Highways Act 1980 (compensation for damage resulting from exercise of powers of entry, &c.), in subsection (2) (avoidance of double compensation) for “section 26 of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “section 82 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

13In section 314 of the Highways Act 1980 (offences by bodies corporate), in subsection (3) for “177 and 181” substitute “and 177”.

14In section 325 of the Highways Act 1980 (provisions as to regulations, schemes and orders), in subsection (2)(a) (regulations subject to annulment) after “section 257(4) above” insert “or such regulations as are mentioned in subsection (2A) below”; and after that subsection insert—

(2A)A statutory instrument containing—

(a)the first regulations for the purposes of section 140A,

(b)the first regulations for the purposes of section 171A as it applies in relation to erecting or retaining a relevant structure within the meaning of section 169(1) above, or

(c)the first regulations for the purposes of section 171A as it applies in relation to depositing building materials, rubbish or other things, or making a temporary excavation, as mentioned in section 171(1) above,shall not be made unless a draft of them has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament..

15(1)Section 329(1) of the Highways Act 1980 (interpretation) is amended as follows.

(2)For the definition of “street” substitute—

“street” has the same meaning as in Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991;.

(3)At the appropriate place insert—

“street works licence” means a licence under section 50 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, and “licensee” in relation to such a licence, has the meaning given by subsection (3) of that section;.

16(1)Section 334 of the Highways Act 1980 (savings for British Telecommunications) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (6) for “authority’s works as defined in Part II of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “major highway works, major bridge works or major transport works within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(3)In subsection (9) for the words from “the code” to “thereby affected)” substitute “the provisions of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 relating to major highway works, major bridge works or major transport works”.

Part IIAmendments of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984

Traffic regulation orders outside Greater London

17(1)Section 1 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for the words from the beginning to “London” substitute “The traffic authority for a road outside Greater London may make an order under this section (referred to in this Act as a “traffic regulation order”) in respect of the road”

(3)Omit subsection (2) (authorities having power to make orders).

(4)For subsection (3) substitute—

(3)A traffic regulation order made by a local traffic authority may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, extend to a road in relation to which he is the traffic authority if the order forms part of a scheme of general traffic control relating to roads of which at least one has a junction with the length of road in question..

(5)Omit subsections (4) and (5) (which provide that the power is not exercisable in relation to a special road).

18(1)Section 2 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (what a traffic regulation order may provide) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for the words from the beginning to “of this Act)” substitute “A traffic regulation order may make”.

(3)In subsection (2) for the words from the beginning to “that subsection” substitute “The provision that may be made by a traffic regulation order”.

(4)In subsection (4) for the words from the beginning to “may include” substitute “A local traffic authority may include”.

19In section 3(1) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (restrictions on traffic regulation orders) omit the words from the beginning to “of this Act”.

20In section 5 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (contravention of traffic regulation order), omit subsection (2).

Orders as to traffic regulation in Greater London

21(1)Section 6 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (orders as to traffic regulation in Greater London) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for the words from the beginning to “foregoing words)” substitute— The traffic authority for a road in Greater London may make an order under this section for controlling or regulating vehicular and other traffic (including pedestrians).Provision may, in particular, be made—

(3)For subsection (2) substitute—

(2)In the case of a road for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority, the power to make an order under this section is also exercisable, with his consent, by the local traffic authority..

(4)Omit subsection (4) (which provides that the power is not exercisable in relation to a special road).

(5)In subsection (6) omit the words from “and in subsection (4)” to the end.

22In section 8 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (contravention of order under s.6), omit subsection (2).

Experimental traffic schemes

23(1)Section 9 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (experimental traffic orders) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) substitute—

(1)The traffic authority for a road may, for the purposes of carrying out an experimental scheme of traffic control, make an order under this section (referred to in this Act as an “experimental traffic order”) making any such provision—

(a)as respects a road outside Greater London, as may be made by a traffic regulation order;

(b)as respects a road in Greater London, as may be made by an order under section 6, 45, 46, 49, 83(2) or 84 of this Act..

(3)For subsection (2) substitute—

(2)An experimental traffic order made by a local traffic authority outside Greater London may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, extend to a road in relation to which he is the traffic authority if the order forms part of a scheme of general traffic control relating to roads of which at least one has a junction with the length of road in question.

(2A)In the case of a road in Greater London for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority, the power to make an order under this section is also exercisable, with his consent, by the local traffic authority..

(4)After subsection (5) insert—

(5A)So much of section 4(1) or 7(1) of this Act as provides for a presumption that a traffic sign is lawfully placed shall apply for the purposes of an order under this section making any such provision as is referred to in that subsection..

24(1)Section 10 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (supplementary provisions as to experimental traffic orders) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (2) substitute—

(2)An experimental traffic order may include provision empowering a specified officer of the authority who made the order, or a person authorised by such a specified officer, to modify or suspend the operation of the order or any provision of it if it appears to him essential—

(a)in the interests of the expeditious, convenient and safe movement of traffic,

(b)in the interests of providing suitable and adequate on-street parking facilities, or

(c)for preserving or improving the amenities of the area through which any road affected by the order runs.

The power conferred by such a provision shall be exercised only after consulting the appropriate chief officer of police and giving such public notice as the Secretary of State may direct..

(3)For subsection (3) substitute—

(3)Any such power to modify an experimental traffic order as is mentioned in subsection (2) above does not extend to making additions to the order or to designating additional on-street parking places for which charges are made; but subject to that the modifications may be of any description..

25In section 12 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (experimental traffic schemes in Greater London), for subsection (2) substitute—

(1A)The local authority shall not give their consent to any such scheme affecting a road for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority except with his agreement.

(2)The Secretary of State may in the case of any scheme, after consultation with the local authority, direct them to consent to the scheme within a specified period or to withhold their consent..

Temporary prohibition or restriction of traffic

26(1)Section 14 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (temporary prohibition or restriction of traffic on roads) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsections (1) and (2) (power to make orders) substitute—

(1)If the traffic authority for a road are satisfied that traffic on the road should be restricted or prohibited—

(a)by reason that works are being or are proposed to be executed on or near the road, or

(b)by reason of the likelihood of danger to the public or of serious damage to the road,

the authority may by order restrict or prohibit temporarily the use of the road, or any part of it, by vehicles, or by vehicles of any class, or by pedestrians, to such extent and subject to such conditions or exceptions as they may consider necessary.

(2)A traffic authority when considering the question of the making of an order under subsection (1) shall have regard to the existence of alternative routes suitable for the traffic which will be affected by the order..

(3)For subsection (3) (power to issue notice) substitute—

(3)The traffic authority for a road may at any time by notice restrict or prohibit temporarily the use of the road, or any part of it, by vehicles, or by vehicles of any class, or by pedestrians, where, owing to the likelihood of danger to the public or of serious damage to the road, it appears to them necessary that such a restriction or prohibition should come into force without delay..

(4)In subsection (3A) (power to make order or issue notice for purposes of clearing litter or cleaning)—

(a)for “highway or roads authority” substitute “traffic authority”, and

(b)for “highway or road” substitute “road”.

(5)For subsection (5) substitute—

(5)Where a traffic authority (“the initiating authority”) make an order under subsection (1) or issue a notice under subsection (3), any such provision as is described in any of paragraphs (a) to (c) of section 2(2) or in section 2(3) of this Act may be made as respects any alternative road by an order made—

(a)in a case where the initiating authority are the traffic authority for the alternative road, by that authority;

(b)in any other case—

(i)where the traffic authority for the alternative road is a local traffic authority, by the initiating authority with the consent of that authority;

(ii)where the traffic authority for the alternative road is the Secretary of State, by him on the application of the initiating authority..

27In section 16 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (supplementary provisions as to orders and notices under s.14), omit subsections (3) and (4).

Traffic regulation on special roads

28(1)Section 17 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (traffic regulation on special roads) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) (traffic authorised to use special road) substitute—

(1)A special road shall not be used except by traffic of a class authorised to do so—

(a)in England and Wales, by a scheme made, or having effect as if made, under section 16 of the Highways Act 1980 or by virtue of paragraph 3 of Schedule 23 to that Act, or

(b)in Scotland, by a scheme made, or having effect as if made, under section 7 of the [1984 c. 54.] Roads (Scotland) Act 1984..

(3)In subsection (2) (regulations as to use of special roads), for the words from “and such regulations” to the end of paragraph (a) substitute— Such regulations may, in particular—

(a)regulate the manner in which and the conditions subject to which special roads may be used by traffic authorised to do so;.

(4)For subsection (5) (provisions as to date of opening of special road) substitute—

(5)The provisions of this section and of any regulations under subsection (2) above do not apply in relation to a road, or part of a road, until the date declared by the traffic authority, by notice published in the prescribed manner, to be the date on which the road or part is open for use as a special road.

This does not prevent the making of regulations under subsection (2) above before that date, so as to come into force in relation to that road or part on that date..

(5)In subsection (6) omit the words from “and “the date of opening”” to the end.

29After section 17 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 insert—

17AFurther provisions as to special roads

(1)On the date declared by the traffic authority, by notice published in the prescribed manner, to be the date on which a special road, or a part of a special road, is open for use as a special road, any existing order under section 1, 6, 9 or 84 of this Act relating to that road or part shall cease to have effect.

(2)This is without prejudice to any power to make orders under those provisions in relation to the road or part as a special road; and any such power may be exercised before the date referred to above, so as to take effect on that date.

(3)The procedure for making an order applies in such a case with such modifications as may be prescribed..

Traffic regulation in other special cases

30In section 18 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (one-way traffic on trunk roads), in subsection (1) for the words from “an order” to “directing” substitute “an order under section 10 of the Highways Act 1980 or section 5 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 directing”.

31(1)Section 19 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (regulation of use of highways by public service vehicles) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) (making of orders by local authority), for the words from the beginning to the end of paragraph (b) substitute—

(1)A local traffic authority outside Greater London may make orders—

(a)for determining the highways or, in Scotland, roads in their area which may or may not be used by public service vehicles;

(b)for fixing stands for public service vehicles on such highways or roads;.

(3)Omit subsection (3).

32In section 20 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (prohibition or restriction on use of vehicles on roads of certain classes), for subsection (3) (exclusion of provisions in relation to special roads) substitute—

(3)No order under this section shall be made or apply in relation to a special road on or after the date declared by the traffic authority, by notice published in the prescribed manner, to be the date on which the special road, or the relevant part of the special road, is open for use as a special road..

33In section 21 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (permit for trailer to carry excess weight), for subsection (3) (definition of “appropriate authority”) substitute—

(3)The appropriate authority for the purposes of this section is—

(a)in relation to a bridge for the maintenance of which a bridge authority is responsible, or a road passing over such a bridge, the bridge authority;

(b)in relation to any other road, the traffic authority and any other person responsible for the maintenance of the road..

34(1)Section 22 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (traffic regulation for special areas in the countryside) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsections (3) and (4) (powers of Secretary of State as to making of orders) substitute—

(3)The Countryside Commission, the Countryside Council for Wales and the Countryside Commission for Scotland may each make submissions to the Secretary of State as to the desirability of a traffic regulation order being made in relation to a road to which this section applies, whether or not it is a road for which he is the traffic authority.

(4)Where such a submission is made as respects a road for which he is not the traffic authority, and the traffic authority for the road notify him that they do not intend to make an order, the Secretary of State may by order under this subsection make any such provision as he might have made by a traffic regulation order if he had been the traffic authority.

This Act applies to such an order as to an order made by him in relation to a road for which he is the traffic authority..

(3)On the coming into force of Part I of the [1991 c. 28.] Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991, for the reference in subsection (3) as amended by this paragraph to the Countryside Commission for Scotland there shall be substituted a reference to Scottish Natural Heritage.

Pedestrian crossings

35(1)Section 23 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) (power to establish pedestrian crossings) substitute—

(1)A local traffic authority may establish crossings for pedestrians on roads for which they are the traffic authority, and may alter or remove any such crossings.

The crossings shall be indicated in the manner prescribed by regulations under section 25 of this Act..

(3)In subsections (2) and (3) for “local authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

(4)Omit subsection (5).

36In section 24 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (pedestrian crossings on trunk roads), for the words from the beginning to “such crossings” substitute “The Secretary of State shall establish on roads for which he is the traffic authority such crossings”, and for “and to execute” substitute “and execute”.

Street playgrounds

37For sections 29 and 30 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (street playgrounds) substitute—

29Power to prohibit traffic on roads to be used as playgrounds

(1)For the purpose of enabling a road for which they are the traffic authority to be used as a playground for children, a local traffic authority may make an order prohibiting or restricting the use of the road by vehicles, or by vehicles of any specified class, either generally or on particular days or during particular hours.

The prohibition or restriction may be subject to such exceptions and conditions as to occasional use or otherwise as may be specified in the order.

(2)An order under this section shall make provision for permitting reasonable access to premises situated on or adjacent to the road.

(3)A person who uses a vehicle or causes or permits a vehicle to be used, in contravention of an order in force under this section shall be guilty of an offence..

38In section 31 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (byelaws with respect to roads used as playgrounds), in subsection (1), for the words from “by a local authority” to “have power to” substitute “under section 29 of this Act, the local traffic authority may”.

Parking places

39In section 32 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (power of local authorities to provide parking places), in subsection (4)(a) (meaning of “local authority”) for “the local roads authority” substitute “a regional or islands council”.

40In section 34 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (provision of access to premises through off-street parking place), in subsection (1)—

(a)in the opening words omit the words “in England or Wales”, and

(b)for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)that it would relieve or prevent congestion of traffic on a highway or, in Scotland, a road if use were made of the parking place to provide a means of access from the highway or road to premises adjoining, or abutting on, the parking place, and.

41(1)Section 37 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (extension of powers for purposes of general scheme of traffic control) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) substitute—

(1)This section applies to an order made under both section 1 and section 32 of this Act by—

(a)the council of a county or metropolitan district in England and Wales, or

(b)by a regional or islands council in Scotland,

where the order is, and is stated to be, made by virtue of this section and for the purposes of a general scheme of traffic control in a stated area..

(3)In subsection (3) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority”.

42In section 38 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (parking place to be used as bus or coach station), in subsection (3) for “street” substitute “road”.

43In section 43 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (control of off-street parking in Greater London) in subsection (14), in the definition of “public off-street parking place”, for “parking space for motor vehicles off the highway” substitute “off-street parking accommodation” and for “space” substitute “accommodation”.

44(1)Section 45 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (designation of paying parking places on highways) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) (power to make orders) substitute—

(1)A local authority may by order designate parking places on highways or, in Scotland, roads in their area for vehicles or vehicles of any class specified in the order; and the authority may make charges (of such amount as may be prescribed under section 46 below) for vehicles left in a parking place so designated.

The exercise of this power by a local authority outside Greater London in relation to a highway or road for which they are not the traffic authority is subject to obtaining the consent of the traffic authority..

(3)In subsection (3)(c) (matters to be taken into account in making orders), for the words from “parking accommodation” to “highways” or, in Scotland, “roads” substitute “off-street parking accommodation, whether in the open or under cover,”.

(4)In subsection (7) (meaning of “local authority”), in paragraph (c) for “local roads authority” substitute “regional or islands council”.

45In section 53(1) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, for “highways” or, in Scotland, “roads” substitute “highways or, in Scotland, roads”.

46(1)Section 55 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (financial provisions relating to designation orders) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (4)(b) and (c) for the words from “parking accommodation” to the end substitute “off-street parking accommodation, whether in the open or under cover;”.

(3)For subsection (4)(d) substitute—

(d)if it appears to the local authority that the provision in their area of further off-street parking accommodation is unnecessary or undesirable, the following purposes—

(i)meeting costs incurred, whether by the local authority or by some other person, in the provision or operation of, or of facilities for, public passenger transport services, and

(ii)the purposes of a highway or road improvement project in the local authority’s area..

(4)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)For the purposes of subsection (4)(d)(ii)—

(a)a highway improvement project means a project connected with the carrying out by the appropriate highway authority (whether the local authority or not) of any operation which constitutes the improvement (within the meaning of the Highways Act 1980) of a highway in the area of a local authority in England or Wales; and

(b)a road improvement project means a project connected with the carrying out by the appropriate roads authority (whether the local authority or not) of any operation which constitutes the improvement (within the meaning of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984) of a road in the area of a local authority in Scotland..

(5)Omit subsection (5).

Traffic signs

47In section 64 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (general provisions as to traffic signs), in subsection (4)(c)(i) and (ii) for “highway” substitute “road”.

48(1)Section 65 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (powers and duties of highway authorities as to placing of traffic signs) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) (power to cause or permit placing of traffic signs) substitute—

(1)The traffic authority may cause or permit traffic signs to be placed on or near a road, subject to and in conformity with such general directions as may be given by the Ministers acting jointly or such other directions as may be given by the Secretary of State..

(2)In subsection (2) (direction by Secretary of State), for the opening words substitute—

(2)The Secretary of State may give directions to a local traffic authority—.

49In section 66(1) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (traffic signs for giving effect to local traffic regulations), for “highway” (twice) substitute “road”.

50In section 67 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (emergencies and temporary obstructions), in subsection (1) for “highway” (twice) substitute “road”.

51(1)Section 68 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (placing of traffic signs in connection with exercise of other powers) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1)(a), omit the reference to section 30.

(3)In subsections (2) and (3), for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “roads authority”, wherever occurring, substitute “traffic authority”.

52(1)Section 69 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (placing of traffic signs in connection with exercise of other powers) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1)—

(a)for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “roads authority” substitute “traffic authority”; and

(b)for “the roads” or, in Scotland, “a road” substitute “the road”.

(3)In subsection (2) for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “roads authority” substitute “traffic authority”.

(4)In subsection (3) for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “local roads authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

53In section 70 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (default powers of Secretary of State), in subsection (1) for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “local roads authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

54In section 71 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (power to enter land in connection with traffic signs), in subsection (1) for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “local roads authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

55In section 73 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (powers of local traffic authorities in London), in subsection (1) for “which is not a trunk road” substitute “for which they are the traffic authority”.

56In section 77 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (modifications as respects trunk roads), for the opening words substitute “In relation to a road for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority”.

57In section 79 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (advances by Secretary of State towards expenses of traffic signs), in subsection (5) for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “local roads authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

58In section 80 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (exercise of traffic sign functions by person other than traffic authority), in subsection (1), for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “roads authority” in both places where those expressions occur substitute “traffic authority”.

59(1)Section 82 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (what roads are restricted roads) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for the words from “if” to the end substitute— if—

(a)in England and Wales, there is provided on it a system of street lighting furnished by means of lamps placed not more than 200 yards apart;

(b)in Scotland, there is provided on it a system of carriageway lighting furnished by means of lamps placed not more than 185 metres apart and the road is of a classification or type specified for the purposes of this subsection in regulations made by the Secretary of State..

(3)In subsection (2) for “A direction may be given” substitute “The traffic authority for a road may direct”, and in paragraphs (a) and (b) for “a specified road” substitute “the road”.

(4)For subsection (3) substitute—

(3)A special road is not a restricted road for the purposes of section 81 on or after the date declared by the traffic authority, by notice published in the prescribed manner, to be the date on which the special road, or the relevant part of the special road, is open for use as a special road..

60(1)Section 83 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (provisions as to directions under section 82) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for the words from the beginning to “shall be given” substitute “A direction under section 82(2) by the Secretary of State shall be given”.

(3)For subsection (2) substitute—

(2)A direction under section 82(2) by a local traffic authority shall be given by means of an order made by the authority..

61In section 84 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (speed limits on roads other than restricted roads), for subsection (2) (authority having power to make order) substitute—

(2)The power to make an order under subsection (1) is exercisable by the traffic authority, who shall before exercising it in any case give public notice of their intention to do so..

62(1)Section 85 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (traffic signs for indicating speed restrictions) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) (duty of Secretary of State), for the words from “in the case of” to “to” substitute “in the case of a road for which he is the traffic authority, to”.

(3)In subsection (2) (duties of local traffic authorities), for the opening words substitute— In the case of any other road, it is the duty of the local traffic authority—

(4)In subsection (3) for “local authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

(5)In subsection (4), for the words from the beginning to “on a road” substitute “Where no such system of street or carriageway lighting as is mentioned in section 82(1) is provided on a road,”.

(6)In subsection (5) for the words from “such a system” to “subsection (4) above” substitute “such a system of street or carriageway lighting”.

63In section 86 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (speed limits for particular classes of vehicles), omit subsection (4) (which relates to special roads).

64Omit section 91 (definition of “local authority” for the purposes of Part VI).

65(1)Section 92 of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (bollards and other obstructions outside Greater London) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for “the highway authority or, in Scotland, the local roads authority” substitute “the traffic authority”.

(3)For subsection (4) substitute—

(4)The bollards or other obstructions authorised by an order under subsection (1) shall be placed on the road by the traffic authority, except as mentioned in section 93 below..

66(1)Section 93 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (powers of Secretary of State in relation to functions under section 92) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) substitute—

(1)Where by virtue of an order under section 92(1) the Secretary of State has power to place bollards or other obstructions at a point on a road, he may authorise or require the traffic authority for any other road leading into or crossing that road at that point to place the bollards or other obstructions on that other road..

(3)In subsection (2) for “any authority” and in subsection (3) for “an authority” substitute “a local traffic authority”.

67(1)Section 94 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (bollards and other obstructions in Greater London) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) (powers of Secretary of State), for “which is not a trunk road” substitute “for which he is not the traffic authority”.

(3)In subsection (2) (powers of London borough council), for “which is not a trunk road and for which they are not the highway authority” substitute “for which neither they nor the Secretary of State are the traffic authority”.

(4)In subsection (4)—

(a)in paragraph (a) for “any trunk road” substitute “any road for which he is the traffic authority”; and

(b)in paragraph (b) for “which is not a trunk road and for which they are the highway authority” substitute “for which they are the traffic authority” and for “highway authority”, in the second place where it occurs, substitute “traffic authority”.

68In section 100(5) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (definition of “local authority” for purposes of provisions about removal of abandoned vehicles, &c.), for paragraph (c) substitute—

(c)in relation to Scotland, means a regional or islands council..

69In section 106 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (initial experimental period for immobilisation of vehicles)—

(a)in subsection (7) (consent required for initial order), for “the authority responsible for traffic regulation in that area” substitute “the local traffic authority”; and

(b)omit subsection (8).

70In the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, at the beginning of Part X (general and supplementary provisions) insert—

121ATraffic authorities

(1)The Secretary of State is the traffic authority—

(a)for every highway in England and Wales for which he is the highway authority within the meaning of the Highways Act 1980, and

(b)for every road in Scotland for which he is the roads authority within the meaning of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984.

(2)In Greater London, the council of the London borough or the Common Council of the City of London are the traffic authority for all roads in the borough or, as the case may be, in the City for which the Secretary of State is not the traffic authority.

(3)In England and Wales outside Greater London, the council of the county or metropolitan district are the traffic authority for all roads in the county or, as the case may be, the district for which the Secretary of State is not the traffic authority.

(4)In Scotland, the regional or islands council are the traffic authority in relation to all roads within their area for which the Secretary of State is not the traffic authority.

(5)In this Act “local traffic authority” means a traffic authority other than the Secretary of State..

71In section 122 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (exercise of functions by local authorities), in subsection (1) for “the highway” or, in Scotland, “the road” substitute “the highway or, in Scotland, the road”.

72In section 124(2) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (orders exercisable by statutory instrument), omit the reference to section 30.

73In section 125(3) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (exercise of powers in relation to boundary roads), omit the reference to section 30(1).

74In section 130 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (application of Act to Crown), in subsection (2)(a) for “76 to 91” substitute “76 to 90”.

75(1)Section 131 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (application of road traffic enactments to Crown roads) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2)(a) (twice), and in subsection (2)(b), for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “roads authority” substitute “local traffic authority”.

(3)In subsection (7)(b) for “a highway” or, in Scotland, “a public road” substitute “a highway or, in Scotland, a public road”.

76(1)Section 132 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (special provisions as to certain Crown roads) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (5)—

(a)for “the local authority concerned” substitute “the traffic authority”;

(b)for “the local authority may” substitute “the traffic authority may”; and

(c)for the words from “and any other power” to “as respects the Crown road” substitute “and any other power conferred by section 65 to give directions to a local traffic authority includes power to give the like directions to them as respects the Crown road”.

(3)Omit subsection (6) (definition of “local authority concerned”).

77In section 134(2) of the [1984 c. 27.] Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (regulations excepted from obligation to consult), for “82(1),” substitute “82(1)(b),”.

78(1)Section 142(1) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (general interpretation provisions) is amended as follows.

(2)Omit the definitions of “highway authority”, “local highway authority”, “local roads authority” and “roads authority”.

(3)At the appropriate place insert—

“off-street parking accommodation” means parking accommodation for motor vehicles off the highway or, in Scotland, off the road;.

(4)For the definition of “road” substitute—

“road”—

(a)in England and Wales, means any length of highway or of any other road to which the public has access, and includes bridges over which a road passes, and

(b)in Scotland, has the same meaning as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;.

(5)For the definition of “special road” substitute—

“special road”, in England and Wales, has the same meaning as in the Highways Act 1980, and in Scotland has the same meaning as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;.

(6)At the appropriate place insert—

“traffic authority” and “local traffic authority” have the meaning given by section 121A of this Act;.

79In Schedule 3 to the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (notification of temporary traffic restrictions), in paragraph 1(1) and (3), and in paragraph 3(2), for “the highway authority” substitute “the traffic authority”.

80(1)Schedule 9 to the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (special provisions as to certain orders) is amended as follows.

(2)In paragraph 13(1) (orders requiring consent of Secretary of State), in paragraph (b) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority”.

(3)In paragraph 20(1) (consultation before orders are made), omit the reference to section 30.

(4)In paragraphs 21 and 23(1)(a) (procedure regulations), omit the words “other than section 30 of this Act”.

(5)In paragraph 24(b) (procedure regulations for certain orders) for “trunk roads” substitute “roads for which he is the traffic authority”.

(6)In paragraph 25 (power to make different provision in each case and as to posting notices)—

(a)for “highway authority” or, in Scotland, “roads authority” substitute “traffic authority”, and

(b)for the word “highway” in the two other places where it appears substitute the word “road”.

(7)In paragraph 27(1) (variation or revocation of orders), omit the reference to section 30.

Part IIIAmendments of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984

81In section 35(2)(a) of the [1984 c. 54.] Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (provision of lighting by roads authorities) for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

82In section 39(4) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (status of road humps)—

(a)for the words from “Part II” to “those roads)” substitute “section 117 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (restricting road works following substantial works for roads purposes)”,

(b)for the words “section 21(1)(a) of that Act” substitute “subsection (3) of that section”, and

(c)for the word “Part” substitute “section”.

83In section 56(3) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (control of works and excavations) for the words from “street works code” to “applies” substitute “provisions of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 apply”.

84In section 57(5) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (dangerous works) for the words from “street works code” to “applies” substitute “provisions of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 apply”.

85In section 59(6) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (control of obstructions in roads) for the words from “street works code” to “applies” substitute “provisions of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 apply”.

86In section 60 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (fencing and lighting of obstructions and excavations)—

(a)in subsection (1), omit the words from “section 8” to “or to”;

(b)after subsection (5) insert the following subsection—

(6)This section shall not apply to an undertaker executing road works, within the meaning of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991.

87In section 61 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (granting of permission to place and maintain etc. apparatus under a road)—

(a)at the end of subsection (1) insert “; and such permission shall be in writing”,

(b)in subsection (4) for the words from “undertakers”' to the end substitute “road works within the meaning of section 107 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”, and

(c)at the end of subsection (5) insert “nor does it apply to apparatus in respect of which permission has been granted under section 109 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 to execute road works”.

88After section 61 of the [1984 c. 54.] Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 there shall be inserted the following section—

61ACharge for occupation of road

(1)The Secretary of State may make provision by regulations requiring a person who occupies a public road by doing anything to which this section applies to pay a charge to the roads authority if the duration of the occupation exceeds the longer of the following periods—

(a)such period as may be prescribed; or

(b)such period as is agreed by the authority and the person to be reasonable or, in default of such agreement, is determined by arbitration to be reasonable in the circumstances.

(2)This section applies to the occupation of a public road by doing anything which would require the consent or permission of a roads authority under any of the following provisions of this Act—

  • section 56 (works executed in or excavations under a public road);

  • section 58 (occupation of road for deposit of building materials and erection of scaffolding);

  • section 59 (placing or depositing anything in a road);

  • section 61 (placing, leaving, retaining, maintaining, repairing and reinstating apparatus in or under a public road); or

  • section 85 (depositing a builder’s skip).

(3)For the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above, in default of agreement, the roads authority’s view as to what is a reasonable period shall be acted upon pending the decision of the arbiter.

(4)The regulations may provide that if a person applying to the roads authority for consent or permission under any of the provisions of this Act specified in subsection (2) above submits together with his application an estimate of the likely duration of the occupation, the period stated in the estimate shall be taken to be agreed by the authority to be reasonable unless they give notice, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, objecting to the estimate.

(5)The regulations may provide that if it appears to the person occupying the road that by reason of matters not previously foreseen or reasonably foreseeable the duration of the occupation—

(a)is likely to exceed the prescribed period,

(b)is likely to exceed the period stated in the previous estimate, or

(c)is likely to exceed the period previously agreed or determined to be a reasonable period,

he may submit an estimate or revised estimate accordingly, and that if he does so any previous estimate, agreement or determination shall cease to have effect and the period stated in the new estimate shall be taken to be agreed by the roads authority to be reasonable unless they give notice, in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed, objecting to the estimate.

(6)The amount of the charge shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by reference to the duration and extent of the occupation and different rates of charge may be prescribed according to the purpose of the occupation and such other factors as appear to the Secretary of State to be relevant.

(7)The regulations may make provision as to the time and manner of making payment of any charge.

(8)The regulations shall provide that a roads authority may reduce the amount, or waive payment, of a charge in any particular case, in such classes of case as they may decide or as may be prescribed, or generally.

(9)In this section “prescribed” means prescribed by the Secretary of State by regulations..

89In section 85 of the [1984 c. 54.] Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (control of builders' skips on road), in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) after the word “the” where it first occurs insert “written”.

90In section 121(2) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (power to obtain road-making materials) for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

91In section 132(3) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (saving for operators of telecommunications code systems) for the words from “Part II” to the end of that subsection substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

92In section 135(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (restriction of power of local authority in whom a sewer is vested) for the words “Sections 133 and 134” substitute “Section 134”.

93In subsection (2) of section 143 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (provisions as to regulations and orders)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (ii) of paragraph (a) (orders subject to negative resolution) after the word “section” insert “8 or”,

(b)in sub-paragraph (i) of paragraph (b) (orders subject to affirmative resolution) after the word “Act” insert “or regulations made for the first time under section 61A of this Act”, and

(c)in sub-paragraph (ii) of paragraph (b), omit the words “8 or”.

94In section 151(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (interpretation)—

(a)in the definition of “proposed public road” for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”, and

(b)in the definition of “road” after the words “whatever means” insert “and whether subject to a toll or not”.

95In section 155(d) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (general adaptation of subordinate legislation) for the words from “Schedule 2” to the end of that paragraph substitute “section 146 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

96(1)In Schedule 1 to the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (procedures for making or confirming certain orders or schemes), after paragraph 14 there shall be inserted the following Part—

Part IIAToll Orders Under Section 27 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991

14A(1)Where the Secretary of State proposes to make a toll order under section 27 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, he shall prepare a draft of the order and shall publish in at least one newspaper circulating in the area in which the proposed special road is to be situated, and in the Edinburgh Gazette, a notice—

(a)stating the general effect of the proposed order;

(b)naming a place in that area where a copy of the draft order may be inspected by any person free of charge at all reasonable hours during a period specified in the notice, being a period of not less than six weeks from the date of the publication of the notice; and

(c)stating that, within that period, any person may by notice to the Secretary of State object to the making of the order.

(2)Where a toll order is submitted to the Secretary of State by a local roads authority, the authority shall publish in at least one newspaper circulating in the area in which the proposed special road is to be situated, and in the Edinburgh Gazette, a notice—

(a)stating the general effect of the order as submitted to the Secretary of State;

(b)naming a place in that area where a copy of the order may be inspected by any person free of charge at all reasonable hours during a period specified in the notice, being a period of not less than six weeks from the date of the publication of the notice; and

(c)stating that, within that period, any person may by notice to the Secretary of State object to the confirmation of the order.

(3)Where it is intended that the proposed toll order shall authorise the special road authority to assign their rights to charge and collect tolls, the Secretary of State or, as the case may be, the local roads authority shall make a statement containing such information as may be prescribed with respect to that assignation and the person to whom the rights are intended to be assigned and—

(a)the statement shall be made available for inspection with the copy of the order to which the notice under subparagraph (1) or (2) relates; and

(b)the notice shall state that such a statement will be so available.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) “prescribed” means prescribed by the Secretary of State by regulations made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

14B. The Secretary of State may, if he is satisfied that in the circumstances of the case the holding of an inquiry is unnecessary, dispense with such an inquiry.

14C(1)Subject to paragraph 19 below, after considering objections (if any) to the proposed order which are not withdrawn and, where a local inquiry is held, the report of the person who held the inquiry, the Secretary of State may make or confirm the order either without modification or subject to such modifications as he thinks fit.

(2)The power under this paragraph to make or confirm the order includes power to make or confirm it so far as relating to part of the proposals contained in it (either without modification or subject to such modifications as the Secretary of State thinks fit) while deferring consideration of the remaining part.

14D(1)A toll order shall be subject to special parliamentary procedure where—

(a)the relevant special road scheme provides for the appropriation by or transfer to the special road authority of an existing public road comprised in the route prescribed by the scheme, and

(b)the toll order authorises the charging of tolls for the use of that existing road or any part of it,

unless the Secretary of State is satisfied as regards all classes of traffic entitled to use the existing road that another reasonably convenient route free of toll is available, or will be provided before the date on which the appropriation or transfer takes effect, and certifies accordingly.

(2)Where the Secretary of State proposes to give such a certificate, he shall—

(a)give public notice of his intention to do so,

(b)afford an opportunity to all persons interested to make representations and objections, and

(c)cause a public local inquiry to be held if it appears to him to be expedient to do so, having regard to representations or objections made,

and before deciding whether to give the certificate he shall consider any representations and objections made and, if an inquiry has been held, the report of the person who held the inquiry.

(3)As soon as may be after giving a certificate, the Secretary of State shall publish in the Edinburgh Gazette, and in such other manner as he thinks best for informing persons affected, a notice stating that the certificate has been given.

14E. In this Part of this Schedule “proposed order” includes an order made by a local roads authority and submitted to the Secretary of State..

(2)In paragraph 18 of that Schedule, for the words “5 or 11” there shall be substituted the words “5, 11 or 14B”.

(3)In paragraph 19 of that Schedule—

(a)in sub-paragraph (a), after “1” insert “or 14A”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (b), after “above” there shall be inserted the words “or held under paragraph 14B above”; and

(c)in sub-paragraph (c), for the words “and 13” there shall be substituted the words “, 13 and 14C”.

97At the end of Schedule 2 to the [1984 c. 54.] Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (validity and date of operation of certain orders and schemes), the following paragraph shall be inserted—

6.The provisions of paragraphs 2 to 4 above apply in relation to a certificate under paragraph 14D(1) of Schedule 1 to this Act as in relation to a scheme or order to which this Schedule applies, subject to the following modifications—

(a)the reference in paragraph 2 above to the notice required by paragraph 1 above shall be construed as a reference to the notice required by paragraph 14D(3) of that Schedule, and

(b)in paragraph 4 above for the words “made or confirmed” there shall be substituted the word “given” and the words from “and shall become operative” to the end shall be omitted..

Part IVAmendments of other enactments

Roads Act 1920 (c. 72)

98In section 10 of the Roads Act 1920 (powers of Secretary of State in relation to charges for use of vehicles on roads), at the end insert— Nothing in this section applies to any sum payable by virtue of Part I or II of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991.

Fire Services Act 1947 (c. 41)

99(1)The Fire Services Act 1947 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 3(2) (supplementary powers of fire authorities; provisions as to exercise of power to place fire alarms in public places), for the words from the beginning to “maintaining the road;” or, in Scotland, “of the roads authority;” substitute—

(2)Before exercising the powers conferred by subsection (1)(c) above in relation to a highway for which they are not the highway authority or, in Scotland, a public road for which they are not the roads authority, a fire authority shall obtain the consent of the highway or roads authority;.

(3)In section 38(1) (interpretation)—

(a)at the appropriate place insert—

“highway authority” has the same meaning as in the Highways Act 1980;; and

(b)in the definition of “road” for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Land Powers (Defence) Act 1958 (c. 30)

100In the Land Powers (Defence) Act 1958, after section 18 insert—

18AModification of street works or road works provisions

(1)In relation to works in exercise of the powers under a wayleave order, or the powers conferred by section 12 of the Requisitioned Land and War Works Act 1948, the provisions of Part III or IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (street works in England and Wales or road works in Scotland) have effect subject to the provisions of this section.

(2)The provisions of Schedule 4 or 6 of that Act (settlement of plan and section for works in streets or roads with special engineering difficulties) have effect subject as follows—

(a)an objection to a plan and section in form shall be disregarded if a Minister certifies that in his opinion it would be against the national interest to submit a plan and section on a larger scale or giving further particulars;

(b)no modification of a plan and section shall be made which would involve an unacceptable diversion or change; and

(c)a plan and section shall not be disapproved on the ground that there should be such a diversion or change.

(3)An arbitrator or arbiter appointed in pursuance of—

(a)paragraph 8(3) of Schedule 4 or 6 of that Act (settlement of plan and section in case of works in street or road with special engineering difficulties), or

(b)section 84(3) or 143(3) of that Act (settlement of necessary measures in case of apparatus affected by certain major works),

shall not provide for an unacceptable diversion or change.

(4)In subsections (2) and (3) above an “unacceptable diversion or change” means—

(a)a lateral diversion of a government oil pipe-line to which the Minister on whose behalf the works are to be executed does not consent, or

(b)a change of the site of accessory works which would necessitate such a diversion..

Pipelines Act 1962 (c. 58)

101(1)The Pipelines Act 1962 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 15 (power to place pipe-lines in streets), in subsections (1) to (9)—

(a)for “street” or, in Scotland, “road” substitute “street or, in Scotland, road”, and

(b)for “protected street” or, in Scotland, “protected road”, wherever occurring, substitute “main road”.

(3)For section 15(10) substitute—

(10)In this section—

  • “appropriate authority” means—

    (a)

    in England and Wales, the street authority within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, and

    (b)

    in Scotland, the road works authority within the meaning of Part IV of that Act;

  • “carriageway” has the same meaning—

    (a)

    in England and Wales, as in the Highways Act 1980, and

    (b)

    in Scotland, as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;

  • “main road” means a special road, trunk road or a road classified as a principal road within the meaning of the Highways Act 1980 or the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;

  • “road”, in Scotland, has the same meaning as in Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991; and

  • “street”, in England, has the same meaning as in Part III of that Act..

(3)For sections 16 and 17 substitute—

16Modification of street works or road works provisions

(1)In relation to undertakers' works in exercise of a power conferred by section 15(1) of this Act, the provisions of Part III or IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (street works in England and Wales or road works in Scotland) have effect subject to the provisions of this section.

(2)The provisions of Schedule 4 or 6 of that Act (settlement of plan and section for works in streets or roads with special engineering difficulties) have effect subject as follows—

(a)the period under paragraph 7(2)(b) (period for responding to plan and section as submitted) shall be two months instead of one month;

(b)no modification of a plan and section shall be made which would involve an unacceptable diversion; and

(c)a plan and section shall not be disapproved on the ground that there should be such a diversion.

(3)An arbitrator or arbiter appointed in pursuance of—

(a)paragraph 8(2) of Schedule 4 or 6 of that Act (settlement of plan and section in case of works in street or road with special engineering difficulties), or

(b)section 84(3) or 143(3) of that Act (settlement of necessary measures in case of apparatus affected by certain major works),

shall not provide for an unacceptable diversion.

(4)In subsections (2) and (3) above an “unacceptable diversion” means a lateral diversion of a pipe-line beyond the limits of lateral diversion permissible in relation to it.

(5)No person shall be entitled to payment under section 85 or 144 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (sharing of costs in case of apparatus affected by certain major works) in respect of measures of his taken in connection with a pipe-line..

(4)In section 31(1) (power of Minister to remove materials deposited above pipe-line), for “code-regulated works within the meaning of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “street works within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 or, in Scotland, road works within the meaning of Part IV of that Act”.

(5)In section 66(1) (general interpretation provisions), for the definition of “emergency works” substitute—

“emergency works” has the same meaning as in Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 or, in Scotland, as in Part IV of that Act;.

New Towns (Scotland) Act 1968 (c. 16)

102In section 8 of the New Towns (Scotland) Act 1968 (acquisition of land for roads in connection with new towns), in subsection (2) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which he is the roads authority”.

Sewerage (Scotland) Act 1968 (c. 47)

103(1)The Sewerage (Scotland) Act 1968 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 41 (breaking open of roads) for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(3)In section 59(1) (interpretation) in the definition of “road” for the words “the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1972 (c. 52)

104In section 209(2) of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1972 (provisions as to telegraphic lines)—

(a)for the words “road, other than a trunk road” substitute “a road for which the Secretary of State is not the roads authority”; and

(b)for the words from “as defined” to the end of that subsection substitute “within the meaning of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Control of Pollution Act 1974 (c. 40)

105In section 105(1) of the Control of Pollution Act 1974 (interpretation) in the definition of “road” for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 (c. 57)

106In section 15 of the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 (power of local authorities to survey land), for subsection (4) substitute—

(4)Where it is proposed to search or bore in pursuance of this section in a street within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991—

(a)section 55 of that Act (notice of starting date of works), so far as it requires notice to be given to a person having apparatus in the street which is likely to be affected by the works,

(b)section 69 of that Act (requirements to be complied with where works likely to affect another person’s apparatus in the street), and

(c)section 82 of that Act (liability for damage or loss caused),

have effect in relation to the searching or boring as if they were street works within the meaning of that Part..

Development of Rural Wales Act 1976 (c. 75)

107In Schedule 3 to the Development of Rural Wales Act 1976 (the new towns code)—

(a)in paragraph 1(4)(c) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which the Secretary of State is the highway authority”, and

(b)in paragraph 2(2) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which he is the highway authority”.

Water (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 45)

108(1)The Water (Scotland) Act 1980 is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (5) of section 10 (compensation for damage)—

(a)in paragraph (c), for the words from “or managers” to the end of that paragraph substitute “as defined in section 147 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991;”, and

(b)for paragraph (d) substitute the following—

(d)road works authority as defined in section 108 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991;.

(3)In section 13(5) (bulk supplies of water), for the words “the street works code in the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “the provisions of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(4)In section 23 (power to lay mains), at end insert—

(4)In the case of works in respect of which notice is required to be given under section 114 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (notice of starting date of road works), notice duly given to a person in accordance with that section and section 156 of that Act (service of notice) shall be treated as reasonable notice for the purposes of subsection (1) above..

(5)In section 103 (requirement for all notices to be in writing), after “shall” insert “, subject to section 23(4) of and paragraph 4(1) of Schedule 3 to this Act,”

(6)In section 109(1) (interpretation), in the definition of “road”, for the words “Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(7)In Schedule 3 (provisions as to breaking open streets and laying communication and supply pipes)—

(a)in paragraph 2(2), for the words “section 6 of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “section 114 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”;

(b)in paragraph 4(1) for the words “not less than 72 hours”' substitute the word “such” and at the end of that sub-paragraph add the words “as would require to be given by an undertaker under section 114 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (notice of starting date of works) in accordance with that section and with section 156 of that Act (service of notice)”.

(8)In Schedule 4 (provisions in orders relating to water undertakings)—

(a)in paragraph 5(2), for the words from “or in controlled land” to the end substitute “for the purposes of major road works, major bridge works or major transport works within the meaning of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”; and

(b)in paragraph 36(b), for the words from “the code” to the end of that paragraph, substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980 (c. 65)

109In section 167 of the Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980 (power to survey land), for subsection (7) substitute—

(7)Where it is proposed to search or bore in pursuance of this section in a street within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 or, in Scotland, a road within the meaning of Part IV of that Act—

(a)section 55 or 114 of that Act (notice of starting date of works), so far as it requires notice to be given to a person having apparatus in the street or road which is likely to be affected by the works,

(b)section 69 or 128 of that Act (requirements to be complied with where works likely to affect another person’s apparatus in the street or road), and

(c)section 82 or 141 of that Act (liability for damage or loss caused),

have effect in relation to the searching or boring as if they were street works within the meaning of the said Part III or, in Scotland, road works within the meaning of the said Part IV..

Water Act 1981 (c. 12)

110In section 6 of the Water Act 1981 (liability of statutory water undertakers for escapes of water), in subsection (7)(c) (meaning of “excepted undertakers”), for sub-paragraphs (iii) and (iv) substitute—

(iii)any person on whom a right to compensation is conferred by section 82 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991;.

British Telecommunications Act 1981 (c. 38)

111In Schedule 3 to the British Telecommunications Act 1981, in paragraph 74(2) for “177 and 181(7)” substitute “and 177”.

New Towns Act 1981 (c. 64)

112In section 11 of the New Towns Act 1981 (acquisition of land for highways), in subsection (2)(a) (powers of Secretary of State) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which he is the highway authority”.

Telecommunications Act 1984 (c. 12)

113(1)In Schedule 2 to the Telecommunications Act 1984 (the telecommunications code), paragraph 1 (interpretation) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)in the definition of “maintainable highway”, in paragraph (a), for the words from the beginning to “1950” substitute “in England and Wales, means a maintainable highway within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”;

(b)in the definition of “public road”, for “the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”;

(c)in the definition of “road”, for “the meaning given by section 1(3) of the said Act of 1950” substitute “the same meaning as in Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”;

(d)in the definition of “street” for “the meaning given by section 1(3) of the said Act of 1950” substitute “the same meaning as in Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(3)Omit sub-paragraph (4) (which relates to the meaning of the expression “street”).

(4)In sub-paragraph (5), for “the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

114In the same Schedule, in paragraph 2(8)(a) (construction of references to occupier of land)—

(a)for “street” or, in Scotland, “road” in each place where it occurs substitute “street or, in Scotland, road”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (ii), for the words from “as references” to the end substitute— as references—

  • in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, to the street managers within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (which for this purpose shall be deemed to extend to Northern Ireland), and

  • in Scotland, to the road managers within the meaning of Part IV of that Act; and.

115(1)In the same Schedule, paragraph 9 (street works) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), after “over,” insert “in, on,”, and for “a street” or, in Scotland, “a road” substitute “a street or, in Scotland, a road”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2), for “in a street which is not a maintainable highway” or, in Scotland, “in a road which is not a public road” substitute “in a street which is not a maintainable highway or, in Scotland, a road which is not a public road”.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3), for the words from “a special road” to the end substitute “a special road within the meaning of the Roads (Northern Ireland) Order 1980”.

Local Government Act 1985 (c. 51)

116(1)In Schedule 5 to the Local Government Act 1985, paragraph 6 (guidance as to exercise of traffic powers in London and metropolitan counties) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) for “other than trunk roads” substitute “other than those for which he is the traffic authority”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (3)—

(a)in paragraph (b)(i) for “trunk road” substitute “road for which the Secretary of State is the traffic authority”, and

(b)in paragraph (c) for the words “trunk road” substitute the words “road for which he is the traffic authority”.

Transport Act 1985 (c. 67)

117(1)The Transport Act 1985 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 7(12) (application of traffic regulation conditions to local bus services; requirement of consent of Secretary of State) for “a trunk road” substitute “a road for which the Secretary of State is the highway or roads authority”.

(3)In section 137(1) (interpretation), omit the definition of “trunk road”.

Airports Act 1986 (c. 31)

118(1)Section 62 of the Airports Act 1986 (provisions as to telecommunications apparatus) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2) (cases in which highway authority or owner of subsoil may require alteration of apparatus), for paragraph (b) substitute—

(b)for the improvement of the highway where the Secretary of State is not the highway authority,.

(3)In subsection (4) (limit on effect of subsection (2)(b), for “authority’s works as defined in Part II of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “major highway works, major bridge works or major transport works within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 or, in Scotland, major works for roads purposes, major bridge works or major transport works within the meaning of Part IV of that Act”.

Gas Act 1986 (c. 44)

119(1)Schedule 4 to the Gas Act 1986 (power of public gas suppliers to break up streets, &c.) is amended as follows.

(2)In paragraphs 1(1), (2) (three times) and 4(1) and (2) for “street or bridge” substitute “street”.

(3)In paragraph 2(1) for “highway authority” substitute “street authority”.

(4)In paragraph 3(2) for “for the purpose of” substitute “only for the purpose of”.

(5)Omit paragraph 5(1).

(6)In paragraph 6, omit the definition of “highway authority” and for the definition of “street” substitute—

“street” and “street authority” have the same meaning as in Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991..

(7)In paragraph 7 (adaptations for Scotland)—

(a)for sub-paragraph (b) substitute—

(b)in paragraph 2(1) for the words “street authority” there shall be substituted the words “road works authority”;

(b)omit sub-paragraph (e); and

(c)for sub-paragraph (f) substitute—

(f)in paragraph 6, for “street” and “street authority” substitute “road” and “road works authority” and for “Part III” substitute “Part IV”..

120(1)In Schedule 7 to the Gas Act 1986, paragraph 5 (which relates to the operation of certain provisions of the Pipe-lines Act 1962) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (5), in the definition of “street” for “the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(3)For sub-paragraph (6) substitute—

(6)In its application to Scotland this paragraph shall have effect with the substitution for any reference to a street of a reference to a road within the meaning of Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991..

Road Traffic Act 1988 (c. 52)

121(1)The Road Traffic Act 1988 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 22A(3)(c)(i), omit the words “section 8 of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950”.

(3)In section 39 (provisions with respect to road safety)—

(a)in subsection (3)(a) (duty of local authority as to study of road accidents), for “trunk roads” substitute “roads for which the Secretary of State is the highway authority (in Scotland, roads authority)”;

(b)in subsection (3)(b) (duties as to taking of measures in light of studies), for “roads for which they are the highway authority (in Scotland, local roads authority)” substitute “roads for the maintenance of which they are responsible”.

(4)In section 192(1) (general interpretation), for the definition of “highway authority” substitute—

“highway authority”, in England and Wales, means—

(a)in relation to a road for which he is the highway authority within the meaning of the Highways Act 1980, the Secretary of State, and

(b)in relation to any other road, the council of the county, metropolitan district or London borough, or the Common Council of the City of London, as the case may be;.

Water Act 1989 (c. 15)

122(1)The Water Act 1989 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 132(8) (certain works to be treated as emergency works), for “section 39(1) of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “section 52 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

(3)In section 189(1) (general interpretation provisions), for the definition of “street” substitute—

“street” has the same meaning as in Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991;.

(4)In Schedule 19 (provisions as to laying and maintenance of pipes), in paragraphs 3(2) and 10(5)(a) (which relate to emergency works) for “within the meaning of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “as defined in section 52 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Electricity Act 1989 (c. 29)

123(1)In Schedule 4 to the Electricity Act 1989 (powers of licence-holders), paragraph 1 (street works in England and Wales) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (2) (consent required for placing of certain structures in the street), for the words from “exercisable only” to the end substitute “exercisable only with the consent of the street authority; but such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (4) (consent required in certain cases for breaking up or opening street)—

(a)for “a street falling within paragraph (b) or (c) of sub-paragraph (2) above” substitute “a street which is not a maintainable highway”, and

(b)for “the person mentioned in that paragraph” substitute “the street authority”.

(4)For sub-paragraph (8) (savings) substitute—

(8)Nothing in sub-paragraph (1) above shall affect the application to any operation of sections 34 to 36 of the Coast Protection Act 1949..

(5)For sub-paragraph (9) (interpretation) substitute—

(9)In this paragraph “maintainable highway”, “street” and “street authority” have the same meaning as in Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991..

124(1)In the same Schedule, paragraph 2 (road works in Scotland) is amended as follows.

(2)In sub-paragraph (2) (consent required for placing of certain structures in the road), for the words from “exercisable only” to the end substitute “exercisable only with the consent of the road works authority; but such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld”.

(3)In sub-paragraph (4) (consent required in certain cases for breaking up or opening road)—

(a)for “a road or bridge falling within paragraph (b) or (c) of sub-paragraph (2) above” substitute “a road which is not a public road”, and

(b)for “the person mentioned in that paragraph” substitute “the road works authority”.

(4)For sub-paragraph (8) (savings) substitute—

(8)Nothing in sub-paragraph (1) above shall affect the application to any operation of sections 34 to 36 of the Coast Protection Act 1949..

(5)For sub-paragraph (9) (interpretation) substitute—

(9)In this paragraph “public road”, “road” and “road works authority” have the same meaning as in Part IV of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991..

125In the same Schedule, in paragraph 12 (interpretation), omit the definitions of “navigation authority” and “railway authority”.

Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (c. 8)

126(1)Section 256 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (provisions as to telecommunications apparatus) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (3) (power of local highway authority to require alteration of apparatus) for “highway, other than a trunk road” substitute “highway for which the Secretary of State is not the highway authority”.

(3)In subsection (4) (limitation of power under subsection (3)) for “authority’s works as defined in Part II of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “major highway works, major bridge works or major transport works within the meaning of Part III of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991 (c. 28.)

127In paragraph 5(4) of Schedule 7 to the Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991 (works under drought orders), for “section 39(1) of the Public Utilities Street Works Act 1950” substitute “section 111 of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991”.

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