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War Crimes Act 1991

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

1 Jurisdiction over certain war crimes.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, proceedings for murder, manslaughter or culpable homicide may be brought against a person in the United Kingdom irrespective of his nationality at the time of the alleged offence if that offence—

(a)was committed during the period beginning with 1st September 1939 and ending with 5th June 1945 in a place which at the time was part of Germany or under German occupation; and

(b)constituted a violation of the laws and customs of war.

(2)No proceedings shall by virtue of this section be brought against any person unless he was on 8th March 1990, or has subsequently become, a British citizen or resident in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or any of the Channel Islands.

(3)No proceedings shall by virtue of this section be brought in England and Wales or in Northern Ireland except by or with the consent of the Attorney General or, as the case may be, the Attorney General for Northern Ireland.

[F1(4)The Schedule to this Act provides a procedure for use instead of committal proceedings where a person is charged in [F2England, Wales or] Northern Ireland with an offence to which this section applies.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 1(4) repealed (N.I.) (4.7.1996) by 1996 c. 25, ss. 46(1), 80, Sch. 5 (as substituted by 1996 c. 25, s. 79(4), Sch. 4 paras. 19(1), 36) (with s. 78(1))

F2Words in s. 1(4) repealed (E.W.) (4.7.1996) by 1996 c. 25, ss. 44, 46(1)(a), 80, Sch. 5 para. 2 (with s. 78(1))

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 partly in force; s. 1(1)-(3) in force at 9.5.1991, s. 1(4) not in force at Royal Assent see s. 3(4)

2 Expenses.E+W+S+N.I.

There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a)such sums as the Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury determine in respect of expenditure by the [F3Metropolitan Police Authority] on the investigation by officers of the Metropolitan Police (with or without other officers) of offences to which section 1 above applies; and

(b)any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable out of such money under any other Act.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

3 Short title, consequential amendments, commencement and extent.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the War Crimes Act 1991.

[F4(2)In section 20(4) of the M1Legal Aid Act 1988 (power of magistrates’ court to grant legal aid for Crown Court proceedings) the word “or” at the end of paragraph (b) shall be omitted and after that paragraph there shall be inserted—

(bb)which has been given a notice of transfer under Part I of the Schedule to the War Crimes Act 1991, or.]

[F5(3)In Article 29(2) of the M2Legal Aid, Advice and Assistance (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (free legal aid in Crown Court) after sub-paragraph (c) there shall be inserted or

(d)where a notice of transfer is given under Part II of the Schedule to the War Crimes Act 1991, by the magistrates’ court before which the person to whom the notice relates is brought.]

(4)Section 1(4) above and the Schedule to this Act shall not come into force until a day appointed by the Secretary of State by an order made by statutory instrument.

(5)This Act extends to Northern Ireland.

(6)Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that the provisions of this Act shall extend, with such exceptions and modifications as appear to Her Majesty to be appropriate, to the Isle of Man, any of the Channel Islands or any colony.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 3(2) repealed (E.W.N.I.) (4.7.1996) by 1996 c. 25, s. 80, Sch. 5 para. 2 (with s. 78(1))

F5S. 3(3) repealed (N.I.) (4.7.1996) by 1996 c. 25, s. 80, Sch. 5 (as substituted by 1996 c. 25, s. 79, Sch. 4 para. 36) (with s. 78(1))

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