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Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990

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Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990

1990 CHAPTER 9

An Act to consolidate certain enactments relating to special controls in respect of buildings and areas of special architectural or historic interest with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Law Commission.

[24th May 1990]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1A Table showing the derivation of the provisions of this consolidation Act will be found at the end of the Act. The Table has no official status.

Part IE+W Listed Buildings

Chapter 1E+W Listing of special buildings

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

1 Listing of buildings of special architectural or historic interest.E+W

(1)For the purposes of this Act and with a view to the guidance of local planning authorities in the performance of their functions under this Act and the principal Act in relation to buildings of special architectural or historic interest, the Secretary of State shall compile lists of such buildings, or approve, with or without modifications, such lists compiled by the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England (in this Act referred to as “the Commission”) or by other persons or bodies of persons, and may amend any list so compiled or approved.

(2)The Secretary of State shall not approve any list compiled by the Commission if the list contains any building situated outside England.

(3)In considering whether to include a building in a list compiled or approved under this section, the Secretary of State may take into account not only the building itself but also—

(a)any respect in which its exterior contributes to the architectural or historic interest of any group of buildings of which it forms part; and

(b)the desirability of preserving, on the ground of its architectural or historic interest, any feature of the building consisting of a man-made object or structure fixed to the building or forming part of the land and comprised within the curtilage of the building.

(4)Before compiling, approving (with or without modifications) or amending any list under this section the Secretary of State shall consult—

(a)in relation to buildings which are situated in England, with the Commission; and

(b)with such other persons or bodies of persons as appear to him appropriate as having special knowledge of, or interest in, buildings of architectural or historic interest.

(5)In this Act “listed building” means a building which is for the time being included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under this section; and for the purposes of this Act—

(a)any object or structure fixed to the building;

(b)any object or structure within the curtilage of the building which, although not fixed to the building, forms part of the land and has done so since before lst July 1948,

shall be treated as part of the building.

(6)Schedule 1 shall have effect for the purpose of making provision as to the treatment as listed buildings of certain buildings formerly subject to building preservation orders.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

2 Publication of lists.E+W

(1)As soon as possible after any list has been compiled or approved under section 1 or any amendments of such a list have been made, a copy of so much of the list as relates to any district or London borough or, as the case may be, of so much of the amendments as so relates, certified by or on behalf of the Secretary of State to be a true copy, shall be deposited—

(a)in the case of a London borough, with the council of the borough and with the chief officer of the Commission; and

(b)in the case of a district—

(i)with the district council;

(ii)with the county planning authority whose area or any part of whose area includes the district, or any part of it; and

(iii)where the district council are not the district planning authority, with that authority.

(2)Any copy deposited under subsection (1) shall be a local land charge, and the council with whom a copy is deposited shall be treated for the purposes of the M1Local Land Charges Act 1975 as the originating authority as respects the charge constituted by the deposit.

(3)As soon as possible after the inclusion of any building in a list under section 1 (whether it is included when the list is compiled, approved or amended) or as soon as possible after any such list has been amended by the exclusion of any building from it—

(a)the Secretary of State shall inform the council of the district or London borough in whose area the building is situated of the inclusion or exclusion; and

(b)the council shall serve a notice in the prescribed form on every owner and occupier of the building, stating that the building has been included in or excluded from the list.

(4)The Secretary of State shall keep available for public inspection free of charge at reasonable hours and at a convenient place, copies of all lists and amendments of lists, compiled, approved or made by him under section 1.

(5)Every authority with whom copies of any list or amendments are deposited under this section shall similarly keep available copies of so much of any such list or amendment as relates to buildings within their area.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5) the Commission shall be taken to be an authority whose area is Greater London.

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Marginal Citations

3 Temporary listing: building preservation notices. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)If it appears to a local planning authority, other than a county planning authority, that a building in their area which is not a listed building—

(a)is of special architectural or historic interest; and

(b)is in danger of demolition or of alteration in such a way as to affect its character as a building of such interest,

they may serve on the owner and occupier of the building a notice (in this Act referred to as a “building preservation notice”).

(2)A building preservation notice served by a local planning authority shall—

(a)state that the building appears to them to be of special architectural or historic interest and that they have requested the Secretary of State to consider including it in a list compiled or approved under section 1; and

(b)explain the effect of subsections (3) to (5) and Schedule 2.

(3)A building preservation notice—

(a)shall come into force as soon as it has been served on both the owner and occupier of the building to which it relates; and

(b)subject to subsection (4), shall remain in force for six months from the date when it is served or, as the case may be, last served.

(4)A building preservation notice shall cease to be in force if the Secretary of State—

(a)includes the building in a list compiled or approved under section 1, or

(b)notifies the local planning authority in writing that he does not intend to do so.

(5)While a building preservation notice is in force with respect to a building, the provisions of this Act (other than section 59) and the principal Act shall have effect in relation to the building as if it were a listed building.

(6)If, following the service of a building preservation notice, the Secretary of State notifies the local planning authority that he does not propose to include the building in a list compiled or approved under section 1, the authority shall immediately give notice of that decision to the owner and occupier of the building.

(7)Following such a notification by the Secretary of State no further building preservation notice in respect of the building shall be served by the local planning authority within the period of 12 months beginning with the date of the notification.

(8)The Commission shall, as respects any London borough, have concurrently with the council of that borough the functions of a local planning authority under this section; and references to the local planning authority shall be construed accordingly.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

4 Temporary listing in urgent cases. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)If it appears to the local planning authority to be urgent that a building preservation notice should come into force, they may, instead of serving the notice on the owner and occupier of the building, affix the notice conspicuously to some object on the building.

(2)The affixing of a notice under subsection (1) shall be treated for all the purposes of section 3, this section, sections 5 and 10 to 26 and Schedule 2 as service of the notice.

(3)A notice which is so affixed must explain that by virtue of being so affixed it is treated as being served for those purposes.

(4)The Commission shall, as respects any London borough, have concurrently with the council of that borough the functions of a local planning authority under this section; and references to the local planning authority shall be construed accordingly.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13S. 4(1): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A23

5 Provisions applicable on lapse of building preservation notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Schedule 2 to this Act shall have effect as respects the lapse of building preservation notices.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

6 Issue of certificate that building not intended to be listed.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)application has been made for planning permission for any development involving the alteration, extension or demolition of a building; or

(b)any such planning permission has been granted;

the Secretary of State may, on the application of any person, issue a certificate stating that he does not intend to list the building.

(2)The issue of such a certificate in respect of a building shall—

(a)preclude the Secretary of State for a period of 5 years from the date of issue from exercising in relation to that building any of the powers conferred on him by section 1; and

(b)preclude the local planning authority for that period from serving a building preservation notice in relation to it.

(3)Notice of an application under subsection (1) shall be given to the local planning authority within whose area the building is situated at the same time as the application is submitted to the Secretary of State.

(4)In this section “local planning authority”, in relation to a building in Greater London, includes the Commission.

Chapter IIE+W Authorisation of works affecting listed buildings

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Control of works in respect of listed buildingsE+W

7 Restriction on works affecting listed buildings. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C16Ss. 7, 8 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Subject to the following provisions of this Act, no person shall execute or cause to be executed any works for the demolition of a listed building or for its alteration or extension in any manner which would affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest, unless the works are authorised.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C16Ss. 7, 8 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C17S. 7 excluded (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 12, Sch. 7 paras. 1(1)(3), 2(1)(a)

S. 7 applied (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 12, Sch. 8 paras. 1(5), 2(5)

S. 7 restricted (1.10.1994) by S.I. 1994/1771, art. 5(5)

8 Authorisation of works: listed building consent. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18Ss. 7, 8 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Works for the alteration or extension of a listed building are authorised if—

(a)written consent for their execution has been granted by the local planning authority or the Secretary of State; and

(b)they are executed in accordance with the terms of the consent and of any conditions attached to it.

(2)Works for the demolition of a listed building are authorised if—

(a)such consent has been granted for their execution;

(b)notice of the proposal to execute the works has been given to the Royal Commission;

(c)after such notice has been given either—

(i)for a period of at least one month following the grant of such consent, and before the commencement of the works, reasonable access to the building has been made available to members or officers of the Royal Commission for the purpose of recording it; or

(ii)the Secretary of the Royal Commission, or another officer of theirs with authority to act on their behalf for the purposes of this section, has stated in writing that they have completed their recording of the building or that they do not wish to record it; and

(d)the works are executed in accordance with the terms of the consent and of any conditions attached to it.

(3)Where—

(a)works for the demolition of a listed building or for its alteration or extension are executed without such consent; and

(b)written consent is granted by the local planning authority or the Secretary of State for the retention of the works,

the works are authorised from the grant of that consent.

(4)In this section “the Royal Commission” means—

(a)in relation to England, the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England; and

(b)in relation to Wales, the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order provide that subsection (2) shall have effect with the substitution for the references to the Royal Commission of references to such other body as may be so specified.

(6)Such an order—

(a)shall apply in the case of works executed or to be executed on or after such date as may be specified in the order; and

(b)may apply in relation to either England or Wales, or both.

(7)Consent under subsection (1), (2) or (3) is referred to in this Act as “listed building consent”.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18Ss. 7, 8 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C19S. 8 restricted (1.10.1994) by S.I. 1994/1771, art. 5(5)

C20S. 8(2) amended (E.) (19.2.2001) by S.I. 2001/24, art. 2

9 Offences. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C21Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If a person contravenes section 7 he shall be guilty of an offence.

(2)Without prejudice to subsection (1), if a person executing or causing to be executed any works in relation to a listed building under a listed building consent fails to comply with any condition attached to the consent, he shall be guilty of an offence.

(3)In proceedings for an offence under this section it shall be a defence to prove the following matters—

(a)that works to the building were urgently necessary in the interests of safety or health or for the preservation of the building;

(b)that it was not practicable to secure safety or health or, as the case may be, the preservation of the building by works of repair or works for affording temporary support or shelter;

(c)that the works carried out were limited to the minimum measures immediately necessary; and

(d)that notice in writing justifying in detail the carrying out of the works was given to the local planning authority as soon as reasonably practicable.

(4)A person who is guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or both; or

(b)on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or a fine, or both.

(5)In determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on a person convicted on indictment of an offence under this section, the court shall in particular have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to him in consequence of the offence.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C21Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Applications for listed building consentE+W

10 Making of applications for listed building consent. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Except as provided in sections 12 to 15, an application for listed building consent shall be made to and dealt with by the local planning authority.

(2)Such an application shall be made in such form as the authority may require and shall contain—

(a)sufficient particulars to identify the building to which it relates, including a plan;

(b)such other plans and drawings as are necessary to describe the works which are the subject of the application; and

(c)such other particulars as may be required by the authority.

(3)Provision may be made by regulations under this Act with respect to—

(a)the manner in which such applications are to be made;

(b)the manner in which they are to be advertised; and

(c)the time within which they are to be dealt with by local planning authorities or, as the case may be, by the Secretary of State.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C23S. 10 modified (1.1.1993) by S.I. 1992/3138, reg. 3(2), Sch. 1para. 1

11 Certificates as to applicant’s status etc. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Regulations under this Act may provide that an application for listed building consent shall not be entertained unless it is accompanied by one of the following certificates in the prescribed form and signed by or on behalf of the applicant—

(a)a certificate stating that, at the beginning of the period of 21 days ending with the date of the application, no person (other than the applicant) was the owner of any of the building to which the application relates;

(b)a certificate stating that the applicant has given the requisite notice of the application to all the persons (other than himself) who at the beginning of that period were owners of any of the building to which the application relates;

(c)a certificate stating—

(i)that the applicant is unable to issue a certificate in accordance with paragraph (a) or (b);

(ii)that he has given the requisite notice of the application to such one or more of the persons mentioned in paragraph (b) as are specified in the certificate; and

(iii)that he has taken such steps as are reasonably open to him (specifying them) to ascertain the names and addresses of the remainder of those persons but has been unable to do so;

(d)a certificate stating—

(i)that the applicant is unable to issue a certificate in accordance with paragraph (a); and

(ii)that he has taken such steps as are reasonably open to him (specifying them) to ascertain the names and addresses of the persons mentioned in paragraph (b) but has been unable to do so.

(2)Where such provision is made any such certificate as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b) or (c) must set out—

(a)the names of the persons to whom the applicant has given the requisite notice of the application;

(b)the addresses at which notice was given to them; and

(c)the date of service of each such notice.

(3)Such regulations may require that any such certificate as is mentioned in subsection (1)(c) or (d) shall also contain a statement that the requisite notice of the application, as set out in the certificate, has on a date specified in the certificate (which must not be earlier than the beginning of the period mentioned in subsection (1)(a)) been published in a local newspaper circulating in the locality in which the building is situated.

(4)Such regulations may also require that where an application is accompanied by such a certificate as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b),(c) or (d), the local planning authority—

(a)shall not determine the application before the end of the period of 21 days beginning with the date appearing from the certificate to be the latest of the dates of service of notices as mentioned in the certificate, or, if later, the date of publication of a notice as so mentioned;

(b)shall in determining the application take into account any representations relating to it which are made to them before the end of that period by any person who satisfies them that he is an owner of any of the building to which the application relates; and

(c)shall give notice of their decision to every person who has made representations which they were required to take into account in accordance with paragraph (b).

(5)Such regulations may also make provision as to who, in the case of any building, is to be treated as the owner for the purposes of any provision made by virtue of this section.

(6)If any person—

(a)issues a certificate which purports to comply with the requirements of regulations made by virtue of this section and contains a statement which he knows to be false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b)recklessly issues a certificate which purports to comply with those requirements and contains a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular,

he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(7)Subject to subsection (5), in this section “owner” means a person who is for the time being the estate owner in respect of the fee simple or is entitled to a tenancy granted or extended for a term of years certain of which not less than seven years remain unexpired.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

12 Reference of certain applications to Secretary of State. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)The Secretary of State may give directions requiring applications for listed building consent to be referred to him instead of being dealt with by the local planning authority.

(2)A direction under this section may relate either to a particular application, or to applications in respect of such buildings as may be specified in the direction.

(3)An application in respect of which a direction under this section has effect shall be referred to the Secretary of State accordingly.

(4)Before determining an application referred to him under this section, the Secretary of State shall, if either the applicant or the authority so wish, give each of them an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, a person appointed by the Secretary of State.

(5)The decision of the Secretary of State on any application referred to him under this section shall be final.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25Ss. 9–12 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

13 Duty to notify Secretary of State of applications. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)If a local planning authority (other than a London borough council) to whom application is made for listed building consent, or a London borough council to whom such an application is made by the Commission, intend to grant listed building consent they shall first notify the Secretary of State of the application, giving particulars of the works for which the consent is required.

(2)The Secretary of State may within the period of 28 days beginning with the date of such a notification—

(a)direct the reference of the application to him under section 12; or

(b)give notice to the authority that he requires further time in which to consider whether to require such a reference.

(3)The local planning authority shall not grant listed building consent until—

(a)the period mentioned in subsection (2) has expired without the Secretary of State directing the reference of the application to him or giving them notice under paragraph (b) of that subsection; or

(b)the Secretary of State has notified them that he does not intend to require the reference of the application.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C27S. 13(1): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A22

14 Duty of London borough councils to notify Commission. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28Ss. 14, 15, 16 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where an application for listed building consent is made to a local planning authority which is a London borough council—

(a)unless the authority have determined to refuse it, they shall notify the Commission of the application, giving particulars of the works for which the consent is required; and

(b)the authority shall not grant the consent unless they are authorised or directed to do so under subsection (2)(a).

(2)On receipt of such a notification the Commission may—

(a)subject to subsection (6), give the local planning authority directions as to the granting of the application or authorise them to determine the application as they think fit; or

(b)direct them to refuse the application.

(3)If the Commission intend to exercise either of their powers under subsection (2)(a), they shall notify the Secretary of State of the application giving particulars of the works for which the consent is required.

(4)Where the Commission direct the local planning authority under subsection (2)(b) to refuse listed building consent, the authority may, within 28 days from the date of the direction, notify the Secretary of State of the application giving particulars of the works for which the consent is required.

(5)The Secretary of State may within the period of 28 days beginning with the date of a notification under subsection (3) or (4)—

(a)direct the reference of the application to him; or

(b)give notice to the authority who notified him or, as the case may be, the Commission that he requires further time in which to consider whether to require such a reference.

(6)The Commission shall not direct the local planning authority under subsection (2)(a) to grant the application or authorise them to determine it as they think fit unless—

(a)the period mentioned in subsection (5) has expired without the Secretary of State directing the reference of the application to him or giving them notice under paragraph (b) of that subsection; or

(b)he has notified them that he does not intend to require the reference of the application.

(7)Where the local planning authority notify the Secretary of State as mentioned in subsection (4), they shall not refuse the application unless—

(a)a period of 28 days beginning with the date of the notification has expired without the Secretary of State directing the reference of the application to him or giving them notice under subsection (5)(b); or

(b)he has notified the authority that he does not intend to require the reference of the application.

(8)Where, after receiving notification under subsection (4), the Secretary of State directs the reference of the application to him, before determining the application he shall, if either the applicant or the authority or, as the case may be, the Commission so desire, give each of them an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, a person appointed by the Secretary of State.

(9)Subsection (1) shall not apply where the application for listed building consent is made by the Commission.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28Ss. 14, 15, 16 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C29S. 14(1)(4): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A22

15 Directions concerning notification of applications etc. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C30Ss. 14, 15, 16 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)The Secretary of State may direct that, in the case of such descriptions of applications for listed building consent as he may specify, sections 13 and 14 shall not apply.

(2)Where a direction is in force under subsection (1) in respect of any description of application, local planning authorities may determine applications of that description in any manner they think fit, without notifying the Secretary of State or, as the case may be, the Commission.

(3)Before giving a direction under subsection (1) in respect of any description of application for consent to the demolition of a building in England, the Secretary of State shall consult the Commission.

(4)Where a direction is in force under subsection (1), the Secretary of State may direct a local planning authority that section 13 or, as the case may be, section 14 shall nevertheless apply—

(a)to a particular application for listed building consent; or

(b)to such descriptions of application for listed building consent as are specified in the direction;

and such a direction has effect in relation to any such application which has not been disposed of by the authority by their granting or refusing consent.

(5)Without prejudice to sections 10 to 14, the Secretary of State may give directions to local planning authorities requiring them, in such cases or classes of case as may be specified in the directions, to notify him and such other persons as may be so specified—

(a)of any applications made to the authorities for listed building consent; and

(b)of the decisions taken by the authorities on those applications.

(6)Directions under subsection (1) or (5) may be given to authorities generally or to particular authorities or descriptions of authority.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C30Ss. 14, 15, 16 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

16 Decision on application. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C31Ss. 14, 15, 16 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Subject to the previous provisions of this Part, the local planning authority or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State may grant or refuse an application for listed building consent and, if they grant consent, may grant it subject to conditions.

(2)In considering whether to grant listed building consent for any works the local planning authority or the Secretary of State shall have special regard to the desirability of preserving the building or its setting or any features of special architectural or historic interest which it possesses.

(3)Any listed building consent shall (except in so far as it otherwise provides) enure for the benefit of the building and of all persons for the time being interested in it.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C31Ss. 14, 15, 16 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C32S. 16(1): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A21

C33S. 16(1)(2): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A20

Grant of consent subject to conditionsE+W

17 Power to impose conditions on grant of listed building consent. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C34Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Without prejudice to the generality of section 16(1), the conditions subject to which listed building consent may be granted may include conditions with respect to—

(a)the preservation of particular features of the building, either as part of it or after severance from it;

(b)the making good, after the works are completed, of any damage caused to the building by the works;

(c)the reconstruction of the building or any part of it following the execution of any works, with the use of original materials so far as practicable and with such alterations of the interior of the building as may be specified in the conditions.

(2)A condition may also be imposed requiring specified details of the works (whether or not set out in the application) to be approved subsequently by the local planning authority or, in the case of consent granted by the Secretary of State, specifying whether such details are to be approved by the local planning authority or by him.

(3)Listed building consent for the demolition of a listed building may be granted subject to a condition that the building shall not be demolished before—

(a)a contract for the carrying out of works of redevelopment of the site has been made; and

(b)planning permission has been granted for the redevelopment for which the contract provides.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C34Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C35S. 17: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A20

18 Limit of duration of listed building consent. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C36Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, every listed building consent shall be granted subject to the condition that the works to which it relates must be begun not later than the expiration of—

(a)five years beginning with the date on which the consent is granted; or

(b)such other period (whether longer or shorter) beginning with that date as the authority granting the consent may direct, being a period which the authority considers appropriate having regard to any material considerations.

(2)If listed building consent is granted without the condition required by subsection (1), it shall be deemed to have been granted subject to the condition that the works to which it relates must be begun not later than the expiration of five years beginning with the date of the grant.

(3)Nothing in this section applies to any consent to the retention of works granted under section 8(3).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C36Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

19 Application for variation or discharge of conditions. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Any person interested in a listed building with respect to which listed building consent has been granted subject to conditions may apply to the local planning authority for the variation or discharge of the conditions.

(2)The application shall indicate what variation or discharge of conditions is applied for.

(3)Sections 10 to 15 apply to such an application as they apply to an application for listed building consent.

(4)On such an application the local planning authority or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State may vary or discharge the conditions attached to the consent, and may add new conditions consequential upon the variation or discharge, as they or he thinks fit.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

AppealsE+W

20 Right to appeal against decision or failure to take decision. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C38Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where a local planning authority—

(a)refuse an application for listed building consent or grant it subject to conditions;

(b)refuse an application for the variation or discharge of conditions subject to which such consent has been granted or grant it and add new conditions; or

(c)refuse an application for approval required by a condition imposed on the granting of listed building consent with respect to details of works or grant it subject to conditions,

the applicant, if aggrieved by the decision, may appeal to the Secretary of State.

(2)A person who has made such an application may also appeal to the Secretary of State if the local planning authority have neither—

(a)given notice to the applicant of their decision on the application; nor

(b)in the case of such an application as is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1), given notice to the applicant that the application has been referred to the Secretary of State in accordance with directions given under section 12,

within the relevant period from the date of the receipt of the application, or within such extended period as may at any time be agreed upon in writing between the applicant and the authority.

(3)In this section “the relevant period” means—

(a)in the case of such an application as is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1), such period as may be prescribed; and

(b)in the case of such an application for approval as is mentioned in paragraph (c) of subsection (1), the period of eight weeks from the date of the receipt of the application.

(4)For the purposes of the application of sections 22(1) and 63(7)(b) in relation to an appeal under subsection (2) it shall be assumed that the authority decided to refuse the application in question.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C38Ss. 17–20 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

21 Appeals: supplementary provisions. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C39Ss. 21, 22 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)An appeal under section 20 must be made by notice served in the prescribed manner within such period as may be prescribed.

(2)The period which may be prescribed under subsection (1) must not be less than—

(a)in the case of an appeal under subsection (1) of section 20, 28 days from the receipt by the applicant of notification of the decision; or

(b)in the case of an appeal under subsection (2) of that section, 28 days from the end of the relevant period (within the meaning of that section) or, as the case may be, the extended period there mentioned.

(3)The notice of appeal may include as the ground or one of the grounds of the appeal a claim that the building is not of special architectural or historic interest and ought to be removed from any list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under section 1.

(4)In the case of a building with respect to which a listed building preservation notice is in force, the notice may include a claim that the building should not be included in such a list.

(5)Regulations under this Act may provide that an appeal in respect of an application for listed building consent or for the variation or discharge of conditions subject to which such consent has been granted shall not be entertained unless it is accompanied by a certificate in the prescribed form and corresponding to one of those described in subsection (1) of section 11.

(6)Any such regulations may also include provisions corresponding to those which may be included in the regulations which may be made by virtue of section 11.

(7)If any person—

(a)issues a certificate which purports to comply with the requirements of regulations made by virtue of subsection (5) or (6) and contains a statement which he knows to be false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b)recklessly issues a certificate which purports to comply with those requirements and contains a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular,

he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C39Ss. 21, 22 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

22 Determination of appeals. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C40Ss. 21, 22 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)The Secretary of State may allow or dismiss an appeal under section 20 or may reverse or vary any part of the authority’s decision (whether or not the appeal relates to that part), and—

(a)may deal with the application as if it had been made to him in the first instance; and

(b)may exercise his power under section 1 to amend any list compiled or approved under that section by removing from it the building to which the appeal relates.

(2)Before determining the appeal, the Secretary of State shall, if either the applicant or the local planning authority so wish, give each of them an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose.

(3)The decision of the Secretary of State on the appeal shall be final.

(4)Schedule 3 applies to appeals under section 20.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C40Ss. 21, 22 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Revocation and modification of consentE+W

23 Revocation and modification of listed building consent by local planning authority. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C41Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If it appears to the local planning authority that it is expedient to revoke or modify any listed building consent granted on an application under this Act, the authority may by order revoke or modify the consent to such extent as they consider expedient.

(2)In performing their functions under subsection (1) the local planning authority shall have regard to the development plan and to any other material considerations.

(3)The power conferred by this section to revoke or modify listed building consent in respect of any works may be exercised at any time before those works have been completed, but the revocation or modification shall not affect so much of those works as has been previously carried out.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C41Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

24 Procedure for s. 23 orders: opposed cases. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C42Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Except as provided in section 25, an order made by a local planning authority under section 23 shall not take effect unless it is confirmed by the Secretary of State.

(2)Where a local planning authority submit such an order to the Secretary of State for confirmation they shall serve notice on—

(a)the owner of the building affected;

(b)the occupier of that building; and

(c)any other person who in their opinion will be affected by the order.

(3)The notice shall specify the period (which must not be less than 28 days after its service) within which any person on whom it is served may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose.

(4)If within that period a person on whom the notice is served so requires, the Secretary of State shall give such an opportunity both to that person and to the local planning authority before he confirms the order.

(5)The Secretary of State may confirm an order submitted to him under this section either without modification or subject to such modifications as he considers expedient.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C42Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

25 Procedure for s. 23 orders: unopposed cases. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C43Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)This section shall have effect where—

(a)the local planning authority have made an order under section 23 revoking or modifying a listed building consent granted by them; and

(b)the owner and occupier of the land and all persons who in the authority’s opinion will be affected by the order have notified the authority in writing that they do not object to the order.

(2)Where this section applies, instead of submitting the order to the Secretary of State for confirmation the authority shall—

(a)advertise in the prescribed manner the fact that the order has been made, specifying in the advertisement—

(i)the period within which persons affected by the order may give notice to the Secretary of State that they wish for an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by him for the purpose; and

(ii)the period at the end of which, if no such notice is given to the Secretary of State, the order may take effect by virtue of this section without being confirmed by him;

(b)serve notice to the same effect on the persons mentioned in subsection (l)(b);

(c)send a copy of any such advertisement to the Secretary of State not more than three days after its publication.

(3)If—

(a)no person claiming to be affected by the order has given notice to the Secretary of State as mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(i) within the period referred to in that subsection; and

(b)the Secretary of State has not directed within that period that the order be submitted to him for confirmation,

the order shall take effect at the end of the period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(ii) without being confirmed by the Secretary of State as required by section 24(1).

(4)The period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(i) must not be less than 28 days from the date on which the advertisement first appears.

(5)The period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(ii) must not be less than 14 days from the end of the period referred to in subsection (2)(a)(i).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C43Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

26 Revocation and modification of listed building consent by the Secretary of State. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C44Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that it is expedient that an order should be made under section 23 revoking or modifying any listed building consent granted on an application under this Act, he may himself make such an order revoking or modifying the consent to such extent as he considers expedient.

(2)In performing his functions under subsection (1) the Secretary of State shall have regard to the development plan and to any other material considerations.

(3)The Secretary of State shall not make an order under that subsection without consulting the local planning authority.

(4)Where the Secretary of State proposes to make such an order he shall serve notice on—

(a)the owner of the building affected;

(b)the occupier of that building; and

(c)any other person who in his opinion will be affected by the order.

(5)The notice shall specify the period (which must not be less than 28 days after its service) within which any person on whom it is served may require an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose.

(6)If within that period a person on whom it is served so requires, before the Secretary of State makes the order he shall give such an opportunity both to him and to the local planning authority.

(7)The power conferred by this section to revoke or modify listed building consent in respect of any works may be exercised at any time before those works have been completed, but the revocation or modification shall not affect so much of those works as has been previously carried out.

(8)An order under this section shall have the same effect as if it had been made by the local planning authority under section 23 and confirmed by the Secretary of State under section 24.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C44Ss. 23–26 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Chapter IIIE+W Rights of Owners etc.

CompensationE+W

27 Compensation for refusal of consent to alteration, etc. of listed building. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)This section shall have effect where—

(a)an application is made for listed building consent for the alteration or extension of a listed building;

(b)the works do not constitute development or they do so but the development is such that planning permission for it is granted by a development order; and

(c)the Secretary of State, either on appeal or on the reference of the application to him, refuses such consent or grants it subject to conditions.

(2)If, on a claim made to the local planning authority within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, it is shown that the value of the interest of any person in the land is less than it would have been if listed building consent had been granted or, as the case may be, had been granted unconditionally, the local planning authority shall pay that person compensation of an amount equal to the difference.

(3)In determining for the purposes of subsection (2) whether or to what extent the value of an interest in land is less than it would have been if listed building consent had been granted, or had been granted unconditionally—

(a)it shall be assumed that any subsequent application for listed building consent for the alteration or extension in question would be determined in the same way; but

(b)in the case of a refusal of listed building consent, regard shall be had to any undertaking given by the Secretary of State on that refusal to grant such consent for some other works to the building if an application were made for it.

(4)No compensation shall be payable under this section in respect of an interest in land in respect of which a notice is served under section 32 of this Act or under section 137 of the principal Act (circumstances in which purchase notices may be served) by virtue of subsection (1)(a) or (b) of that section, being a notice which takes effect.

(5)The local planning authority need not pay compensation under this section in respect of a building in respect of which a building preservation notice is in force unless and until the building is included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under section 1, but a claim for such compensation may be made before the building is so included.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

28 Compensation where listed building consent revoked or modified. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C46S. 28 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)This section shall have effect where listed building consent is revoked or modified by an order under section 23 (other than an order which takes effect by virtue of section 25).

(2)If on a claim made to the local planning authority within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, it is shown that a person interested in the building—

(a)has incurred expenditure in carrying out works which are rendered abortive by the revocation or modification; or

(b)has otherwise sustained loss or damage which is directly attributable to the revocation or modification,

the authority shall pay that person compensation in respect of that expenditure, loss or damage.

(3)Subject to subsection (4), no compensation shall be paid under this section in respect of—

(a)any works carried out before the grant of the listed building consent which is revoked or modified; or

(b)any other loss or damage (not being loss or damage consisting of depreciation of the value of an interest in land) arising out of anything done or omitted to be done before the grant of that consent.

(4)For the purposes of this section, expenditure incurred in the preparation of plans for the purposes of any works, or upon other similar matters preparatory to any works, shall be taken to be included in the expenditure incurred in carrying out those works.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C46S. 28 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

29 Compensation for loss or damage caused by service of building preservation notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)This section applies where a building preservation notice ceases to have effect without the building having been included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under section 1.

(2)Any person who at the time when the notice was served had an interest in the building shall, on making a claim to the authority within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, be entitled to be paid compensation by the local planning authority in respect of any loss or damage directly attributable to the effect of the notice.

(3)The loss or damage in respect of which compensation is payable under subsection (2) shall include a sum payable in respect of any breach of contract caused by the necessity of discontinuing or countermanding any works to the building on account of the building preservation notice being in force with respect to it.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

30 Local planning authorities for compensation purposes.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2)—

(a)claims under section 27 shall be made to and paid by the local planning authority to whom the application for listed building consent was made;

(b)claims under section 28 shall be made to and paid by the local planning authority who made the order in question or, where it was made by the Secretary of State under section 26, the local planning authority who are treated as having made it under that section;

(c)claims under section 29 shall be made to and paid by the local planning authority who served the building preservation notice,

and references in those sections to a local planning authority shall be construed accordingly.

(2)The Secretary of State may after consultation with all the authorities concerned direct that where a local planning authority is liable to pay compensation under section 27, 28 or 29 in any particular case or class of case they shall be entitled to be reimbursed the whole of the compensation or such proportion of it as he may direct from one or more authorities specified in the direction.

(3)This section does not apply in Greater London.

31 General provisions as to compensation for depreciation under this Part.E+W

(1)For the purpose of assessing any compensation to which this section applies, the rules set out in section 5 of the M2Land Compensation Act 1961 shall, so far as applicable and subject to any necessary modifications, have effect as they have effect for the purpose of assessing compensation for the compulsory acquisition of an interest in land.

(2)This section applies to any compensation which is payable under sections 27 to 29 in respect of depreciation of the value of an interest in land.

(3)Where an interest in land is subject to a mortgage—

(a)any compensation to which this section applies, which is payable in respect of depreciation of the value of that interest, shall be assessed as if the interest were not subject to the mortgage;

(b)a claim for any such compensation may be made by any mortgagee of the interest, but without prejudice to the making of a claim by the person entitled to the interest;

(c)no compensation to which this section applies shall be payable in respect of the interest of the mortgagee (as distinct from the interest which is subject to the mortgage); and

(d)any compensation to which this section applies which is payable in respect of the interest which is subject to the mortgage shall be paid to the mortgagee, or, if there is more than one mortgagee, to the first mortgagee, and shall in either case be applied by him as if it were proceeds of sale.

(4)Except in so far as may be otherwise provided by any regulations made under this Act, any question of disputed compensation under sections 27 to 29 shall be referred to and determined by the Lands Tribunal.

(5)In relation to the determination of any such question, the provisions of sections 2 and 4 of the M3Land Compensation Act 1961 shall apply subject to any necessary modifications and to the provisions of any regulations made under this Act.

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Marginal Citations

Listed building purchase noticesE+W

32 Purchase notice on refusal or conditional grant of listed building consent. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C48S. 32 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where—

(a)listed building consent in respect of a building is refused, or granted subject to conditions, or is revoked or modified by an order under section 23 or 26; and

(b)any owner of the building claims—

(i)that the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) are satisfied with respect to it and any land comprising the building, or contiguous or adjacent to it, and owned with it; and

(ii)that the conditions mentioned in subsection (3) are satisfied with respect to that land,

he may, within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, serve on the council of the district or London borough in which the building and land are situated a notice (in this Act referred to as a “listed building purchase notice”) requiring that council to purchase his interest in the building and land in accordance with sections 33 to 37.

(2)The conditions mentioned in subsection (1)(b)(i) are—

(a)that the building and land in respect of which the notice is served have become incapable of reasonably beneficial use in their existing state;

(b)in a case where listed building consent has been granted subject to conditions with respect to the execution of the works or has been modified by the imposition of such conditions, that the land cannot be rendered capable of such use by the carrying out of the works in accordance with those conditions; and

(c)in any case, that the land cannot be rendered capable of such use by the carrying out of any other works for which listed building consent has been granted or for which the local planning authority or the Secretary of State has undertaken to grant such consent.

(3)The conditions mentioned in subsection (1)(b)(ii) are that the use of the land is substantially inseparable from that of the building and that it ought to be treated, together with the building, as a single holding.

(4)In determining for the purpose of subsection (2) what is or would in any particular circumstances be a reasonably beneficial use of land, no account shall be taken of any prospective use which would involve the carrying out of new development or any works requiring listed building consent which might be executed to the building, other than works for which the local planning authority or the Secretary of State have undertaken to grant such consent.

(5)References in sections 33 to 37 to the land are to the building and the land in respect of which the notice under subsection (1) is served.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C48S. 32 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

33 Action by council on whom listed building purchase notice served. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C49S. 33: power to apply (with modifications) conferred by Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980 (c. 65, SIF 123:1), s. 149(3)(b), Sch. 29 Pt. II para. 10 as inserted by Planning (Consequential Provisions) Act 1990 (c. 11, SIF 123:1, 2), s. 4, Sch. 2 para. 44(13); modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

S. 33 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1993/1075, art.4.

S. 33: power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(3)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

(1)The council on whom a listed building purchase notice is served by an owner shall serve on him a notice stating either—

(a)that the council are willing to comply with the purchase notice; or

(b)that another local authority or statutory undertakers specified in the notice under this subsection have agreed to comply with it in their place; or

(c)that for reasons so specified the council are not willing to comply with the purchase notice and have not found any other local authority or statutory undertakers who will agree to comply with it in their place and that they have transmitted to the Secretary of State a copy of the purchase notice and of the notice under this subsection.

(2)A notice under subsection (1) must be served before the end of the period of three months beginning with the date of service of the listed building purchase notice.

(3)Where such a notice as is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) has been duly served, the council or, as the case may be, the other local authority or statutory undertakers specified in the notice shall be deemed—

(a)to be authorised to acquire the interest of the owner compulsorily in accordance with the provisions of section 47; and

(b)to have served a notice to treat in respect of it on the date of service of the notice under that subsection.

(4)Where the council propose to serve such a notice as is mentioned in subsection (l)(c), they shall first send to the Secretary of State a copy of—

(a)the proposed notice; and

(b)the listed building purchase notice which was served on them.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C49S. 33: power to apply (with modifications) conferred by Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980 (c. 65, SIF 123:1), s. 149(3)(b), Sch. 29 Pt. II para. 10 as inserted by Planning (Consequential Provisions) Act 1990 (c. 11, SIF 123:1, 2), s. 4, Sch. 2 para. 44(13); modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

S. 33 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1993/1075, art.4.

S. 33: power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(3)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

C50S. 33(1): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A20

34 Procedure on reference of listed building purchase notice to Secretary of State. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C51S. 34 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where a copy of a listed building purchase notice is sent to the Secretary of State under section 33(4), he shall consider whether to confirm the notice or to take other action under section 35 in respect of it.

(2)Before confirming such a notice or taking such other action, the Secretary of State shall give notice of his proposed action—

(a)to the person who served the notice;

(b)to the council on whom it was served;

(c)outside Greater London—

(i)to the county planning authority and also, where that authority is a joint planning board, to the county council; and

(ii)if the district council on whom the purchase notice in question was served is a constituent member of a joint planning board, to that board; and

(d)if the Secretary of State proposes to substitute any other local authority or statutory undertakers for the council on whom the notice was served, to them.

(3)A notice under subsection (2) shall specify the period (which must not be less than 28 days from its service) within which any of the persons on whom it is served may require the Secretary of State to give him an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by him for the purpose.

(4)If any of those persons so require, before the Secretary of State confirms the listed building purchase notice or takes any other action under section 35 in respect of it, he shall give such an opportunity to each of them.

(5)If after any of those persons have appeared before and been heard by the appointed person, it appears to the Secretary of State to be expedient to take action under section 35 otherwise than in accordance with the notice given by him, the Secretary of State may take that action accordingly.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C51S. 34 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C52S. 34: power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(3)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

35 Action by Secretary of State in relation to listed building purchase notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C54S. 35 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, if the Secretary of State is satisfied that the conditions specified in section 32(2)(a) to (c) are satisfied in the case of any listed building purchase notice, he shall confirm the notice.

(2)If the Secretary of State is satisfied that those conditions are fulfilled only in respect of part of the land, he shall confirm the notice only in respect of that part and the notice shall have effect accordingly.

(3)The Secretary of State shall not confirm the notice unless he is satisfied that the land comprises such land contiguous or adjacent to the building as is in his opinion required—

(a)for preserving the building or its amenities, or

(b)for affording access to it, or

(c)for its proper control or management.

(4)If it appears to the Secretary of State to be expedient to do so he may, instead of confirming the notice—

(a)in the case of a notice served on account of the refusal of listed building consent for any works, grant such consent for those works;

(b)in the case of a notice served on account of such consent being granted subject to conditions, revoke or amend those conditions so far as it appears to him to be required in order to enable the land to be rendered capable of reasonably beneficial use by the carrying out of those works;

(c)in the case of a notice served on account of such consent being revoked by an order under section 23 or 26, cancel the order revoking the consent; or

(d)in the case of a notice served on account of such consent being modified by such an order by the imposition of conditions, revoke or amend those conditions so far as appears to him to be required in order to enable the land to be rendered capable of reasonably beneficial use by the carrying out of the works in respect of which the consent was granted.

(5)If it appears to the Secretary of State that the land (or any part of it) could be rendered capable of reasonably beneficial use within a reasonable time by the carrying out—

(a)of any other works for which listed building consent ought to be granted, or

(b)of any development for which planning permission ought to be granted,

he may, instead of confirming the listed building purchase notice (or confirming it so far as it relates to that part), direct that if an application is made for such consent for those works or, as the case may be, for planning permission for that development, it shall be granted.

(6)If it appears to the Secretary of State, having regard to the probable ultimate use of the building or its site, that it is expedient to do so, he may, if he confirms the notice, modify it either in relation to the whole or any part of the land, by substituting another local authority or statutory undertakers for the council on whom the notice was served.

(7)Any reference in section 34 to the taking of action by the Secretary of State under this section includes a reference to the taking by him of a decision not to confirm the notice on the grounds that any of the conditions referred to in subsection (1) are not satisfied.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C54S. 35 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C55S. 35: power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(3)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

36 Effect of Secretary of State’s action in relation to listed building purchase notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C57S. 36 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where the Secretary of State confirms a listed building purchase notice, the council on whom the notice was served shall be deemed—

(a)to be authorised to acquire the owner’s interest in the land compulsorily in accordance with the provisions of section 47; and

(b)to have served a notice to treat in respect of it on such date as the Secretary of State may direct.

(2)If before the end of the relevant period the Secretary of State has neither—

(a)confirmed the listed building purchase notice; nor

(b)notified the owner by whom it was served that he does not propose to confirm it; nor

(c)taken any such action in respect of it as is mentioned in subsection (4) or (5) of section 35,

the notice shall be deemed to be confirmed at the end of that period and the council on whom it was served shall be deemed to have been authorised as mentioned in subsection (1)(a) and to have served a notice to treat in respect of the owner’s interest at the end of that period.

(3)Where a listed building purchase notice is confirmed in respect of only part of the land, references in this section to the owner’s interest in the land are references to the owner’s interest in that part.

(4)Where a listed building purchase notice is modified under section 35(6) by the substitution of another local authority or statutory undertakers for the council on whom the notice was served, the reference in subsection (1) to that council is to that other local authority or those statutory undertakers.

(5)In this section “the relevant period” means, subject to subsection (6) below—

(a)the period of nine months beginning with the date of the service of the listed building purchase notice; or

(b)if it ends earlier, the period of six months beginning with the date on which a copy of the notice was sent to the Secretary of State.

(6)The relevant period does not run if the Secretary of State has before him at the same time both—

(a)a copy of the listed building purchase notice sent to him under section 33(4); and

(b)a notice of appeal under section 20 or section 39 relating to any of the land to which the listed building purchase notice relates.

(7)Where any decision by the Secretary of State to confirm or not to confirm a listed building purchase notice (including any decision to confirm the notice only in respect of part of the land, or to give any direction as to the granting of listed building consent or planning permission) is quashed under section 63, the notice shall be treated as cancelled but the owner may serve a further notice in its place.

(8)For the purposes of determining whether such a further notice has been served within the period prescribed for the service of listed building purchase notices, the decision concerning listed building consent on account of which the notice has been served shall be treated as having been made on the date on which the Secretary of State’s decision was quashed.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C57S. 36 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C58S. 36: power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(3)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

37 Reduction of compensation on acquisition where s. 28 compensation payable. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C60S. 37 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Where compensation is payable under section 28 in respect of expenditure incurred in carrying out any works to a building, any compensation which then becomes payable in respect of the acquisition of an interest in the land in pursuance of a listed building purchase notice shall be reduced by an amount equal to the value of those works.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C60S. 37 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C61S. 37: power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(3)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Chapter IVE+W Enforcement

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C62Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

38 Power to issue listed building enforcement notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C63S. 38 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where it appears to the local planning authority—

(a)that any works have been or are being executed to a listed building in their area; and

(b)that the works are such as to involve a contravention of section 9(1) or (2),

they may, if they consider it expedient to do so having regard to the effect of the works on the character of the building as one of special architectural or historic interest, issue a notice under this section (in this Act referred to as a “listed building enforcement notice”).

(2)A listed building enforcement notice shall specify the alleged contravention and require such steps as may be specified in the notice to be taken within such period as may be so specified—

(a)for restoring the building to its former state; or

(b)if the authority consider that such restoration would not be reasonably practicable or would be undesirable, for executing such further works specified in the notice as they consider necessary to alleviate the effect of the works which were carried out without listed building consent; or

(c)for bringing the building to the state in which it would have been if the terms and conditions of any listed building consent which has been granted for the works had been complied with.

(3)A listed building enforcement notice shall specify the date on which it is to take effect (in this section referred to as “the specified date”).

(4)A copy of a listed building enforcement notice shall be served, not later than 28 days after the date of its issue and not later than 28 days before the specified date—

(a)on the owner and on the occupier of the building to which it relates; and

(b)on any other person having an interest in that building which in the opinion of the authority is materially affected by the notice.

(5)The local planning authority may withdraw a listed building enforcement notice (without prejudice to their power to issue another) at any time before it takes effect.

(6)If they do so, they shall immediately give notice of the withdrawal to every person who was served with a copy of the notice.

(7)Where a listed building enforcement notice imposes any such requirement as is mentioned in subsection (2)(b), listed building consent shall be deemed to be granted for any works of demolition, alteration or extension of the building executed as a result of compliance with the notice.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C63S. 38 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

39 Appeal against listed building enforcement notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C64S. 39 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)A person having an interest in the building to which a listed building enforcement notice relates or a relevant occupier may appeal to the Secretary of State against the notice on any of the following grounds—

(a)that the building is not of special architectural or historic interest;

(b)that the matters alleged to constitute a contravention of section 9(1) or (2) do not involve such a contravention;

(c)that the contravention of that section alleged in the notice has not taken place;

(d)that works to the building were urgently necessary in the interests of safety or health or for the preservation of the building, that it was not practicable to secure safety or health or, as the case may be, the preservation of the building by works of repair or works for affording temporary support or shelter, and that the works carried out were limited to the minimum measures immediately necessary;

(e)that listed building consent ought to be granted for the works, or that any relevant condition of such consent which has been granted ought to be discharged, or different conditions substituted;

(f)that copies of the notice were not served as required by section 38(4);

(g)except in relation to such a requirement as is mentioned in section 38(2)(b) or (c), that the requirements of the notice exceed what is necessary for restoring the building to its condition before the works were carried out;

(h)that the period specified in the notice as the period within which any step required by the notice is to be taken falls short of what should reasonably be allowed;

(i)that the steps required by the notice for the purpose of restoring the character of the building to its former state would not serve that purpose;

(j)that steps required to be taken by virtue of section 38(2)(b) exceed what is necessary to alleviate the effect of the works executed to the building;

(k)that steps required to be taken by virtue of section 38(2)(c) exceed what is necessary to bring the building to the state in which it would have been if the terms and conditions of the listed building consent had been complied with.

(2)An appeal under this section must be made by notice in writing to the Secretary of State before the date specified in the listed building enforcement notice as that on which it is to take effect.

(3)Where such an appeal is brought the listed building enforcement notice shall be of no effect pending the final determination or the withdrawal of the appeal.

(4)A person who gives notice of appeal under this section shall submit to the Secretary of State, either when giving the notice or within such time as may be prescribed, a statement in writing—

(a)specifying the grounds on which he is appealing against the listed building enforcement notice; and

(b)giving such further information as may be prescribed.

(5)If, where more than one ground is specified in the statement, the appellant does not give information required under subsection (4)(b) in relation to each of those grounds within the prescribed time, the Secretary of State may determine the appeal without considering any ground as to which the appellant has failed to give such information within that time.

(6)Where any person has appealed to the Secretary of State under this section against a notice, no person shall be entitled, in any other proceedings instituted after the making of the appeal, to claim that the notice was not duly served on the person who appealed.

(7)In this section “relevant occupier” means a person who—

(a)on the date on which the listed building enforcement notice is issued occupies the building to which the notice relates by virtue of a licence in writing; and

(b)continues so to occupy the building when the appeal is brought.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C64S. 39 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

40 Appeals: supplementary provisions. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C66S. 40 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations prescribe the procedure which is to be followed on appeals under section 39, and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of this subsection may—

(a)require the local planning authority to submit, within such time as may be prescribed, a statement indicating the submissions which they propose to put forward on the appeal;

(b)specify the matters to be included in such a statement;

(c)require the authority or the appellant to give such notice of such an appeal as may be prescribed, being notice which in the opinion of the Secretary of State is likely to bring the appeal to the attention of persons in the locality in which the building in question is situated;

(d)require the authority to send to the Secretary of State, within such period from the date of the bringing of the appeal as may be prescribed, a copy of the enforcement notice and a list of the persons served with copies of it.

(2)Subject to section 41(4), the Secretary of State shall, if either the appellant or the local planning authority so wish, give each of them an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose.

(3)Schedule 3 applies to appeals under section 39.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C66S. 40 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

41 Determination of appeals under s. 39. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C67S. 41 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)On the determination of an appeal under section 39, the Secretary of State shall give directions for giving effect to the determination, including where appropriate directions for quashing the listed building enforcement notice or for varying its terms.

(2)On such an appeal if the Secretary of State is satisfied that to do so will not cause injustice to the appellant or to the local planning authority, he may—

(a)correct any informality, defect or error in the listed building enforcement notice, or

(b)give directions for varying its terms.

(3)The Secretary of State—

(a)may dismiss such an appeal if the appellant fails to comply with section 39(4) within the prescribed time; and

(b)may allow such an appeal and quash the listed building enforcement notice if the local planning authority fail to comply within the prescribed period with any requirement imposed by regulations made by virtue of section 40(1)(a),(b) or (d).

(4)If the Secretary of State proposes to dismiss an appeal under paragraph (a) of subsection (3) or to allow an appeal and quash the listed building enforcement notice under paragraph (b) of that subsection he need not comply with section 40(2).

(5)Where it would otherwise be a ground for determining an appeal in favour of the appellant that a person required to be served with a copy of the listed building enforcement notice was not served, the Secretary of State may disregard that fact if neither the appellant nor that person has been substantially prejudiced by the failure to serve him.

(6)On the determination of an appeal the Secretary of State may—

(a)grant listed building consent for the works to which the listed building enforcement notice relates or for part only of those works;

(b)discharge any condition or limitation subject to which listed building consent was granted and substitute any other condition, whether more or less onerous;

(c)if he thinks fit, exercise his power under section 1 to amend any list compiled or approved under that section by removing from it the building to which the appeal relates.

(7)Any listed building consent granted by the Secretary of State under subsection (6) shall be treated as granted on an application for the same consent under section 10 and the Secretary of State’s decision in relation to the grant shall be final.

[F1(8)Subsection (5) of section 250 of the Local Government Act 1972 (which authorises a Minister holding an inquiry under that section to make orders with respect to the costs of the parties) shall apply in relation to any proceedings before the Secretary of State on an appeal under section 39 as if those proceedings were an inquiry held by the Secretary of State under section 250.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C67S. 41 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

42 Execution of works required by listed building enforcement notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C68S. 42 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If any of the steps specified in the listed building enforcement notice have not been taken within the compliance period, the authority may—

(a)enter the land and take those steps, and

(b)recover from the person who is then the owner of the land any expenses reasonably incurred by them in doing so.

(2)Where a listed building enforcement notice has been served in respect of a building—

(a)any expenses incurred by the owner or occupier of the building for the purpose of complying with it, and

(b)any sums paid by the owner of the building under subsection (1) in respect of expenses incurred by the local planning authority in taking steps required by it,

shall be deemed to be incurred or paid for the use and at the request of the person who carried out the works to which the notice relates.

(3)Regulations under this Act may provide that all or any of the following sections of the M4Public Health Act 1936, namely—

(a)section 276 (power of local authorities to sell materials removed in executing works under that Act subject to accounting for the proceeds of sale);

(b)section 289 (power to require the occupier of any premises to permit works to be executed by the owner of the premises);

(c)section 294 (limit on liability of persons holding premises as agents or trustees in respect of the expenses recoverable under that Act),

shall apply, subject to such adaptations and modifications as may be specified in the regulations, in relation to any steps required to be taken by a listed building enforcement notice.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) applying all or any of section 289 of that Act may include adaptations and modifications for the purpose of giving the owner of land to which such a notice relates the right, as against all other persons interested in the land, to comply with the requirements of the notice.

(5)Regulations under subsection (3) may also provide for the charging on the land on which the building stands of any expenses recoverable by a local planning authority under subsection (1).

(6)Where any expenses are recoverable by a local planning authority by virtue of this section, those expenses shall be recoverable as a simple contract debt in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(7)In this section and in section 43 references to “the compliance period”, in relation to a listed building enforcement notice, are references to the period specified in the notice as that within which the steps specified in it are to be taken, or such extended period as the local planning authority may allow for the taking of those steps.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C68S. 42 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C69S. 42 (1)–(5), (7) modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1)

Marginal Citations

43 Penalties for non-compliance with listed building enforcement notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C70Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where a listed building enforcement notice has been served on the person who at the time when the notice was served was the owner of the building to which it relates, and any steps required by the notice have not been taken within the compliance period, then subject to the provisions of this section, that person shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(2)Where proceedings have been brought under subsection (1) against a person (“the original owner”) who ceased to be the owner of the building before the end of the compliance period, if he—

(a)duly lays information to that effect; and

(b)gives the prosecution not less than three clear days’ notice of his intention,

he shall be entitled to have the person who then became the owner of the building (“the subsequent owner”) brought before the court in the proceedings.

(3)Where in such proceedings—

(a)it is proved that any steps required by the notice have not been taken within the compliance period; and

(b)the original owner proves that the failure to take those steps was attributable, in whole or in part, to the default of the subsequent owner,

then—

(i)the subsequent owner may be convicted of the offence; and

(ii)if the original owner also proves that he took all reasonable steps to secure compliance with the notice, he shall be acquitted of the offence.

(4)If, after a person has been convicted under the previous provisions of this section, he does not as soon as practicable do everything in his power to secure compliance with the notice, he shall be guilty of a further offence and liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £200 for each day following his first conviction on which any of the requirements of the notice remain unfulfilled; or

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C70Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

44 Effect of listed building consent on listed building enforcement notice. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C71Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If, after the issue of a listed building enforcement notice, consent is granted under section 8(3)—

(a)for the retention of any work to which the notice relates; or

(b)permitting the retention of works without compliance with some condition subject to which a previous listed building consent was granted,

the notice shall cease to have effect in so far as it requires steps to be taken involving the works not being retained or, as the case may be, for complying with that condition.

(2)The fact that such a notice has wholly or partly ceased to have effect under subsection (1) shall not affect the liability of any person for an offence in respect of a previous failure to comply with that notice.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C71Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Prospective

[44AF2Injunctions.E+W

(1)Where a local planning authority consider it necessary or expedient for any actual or apprehended contravention of section 9(1) or (2) to be restrained by injunction, they may apply to the court for an injunction, whether or not they have exercised or are proposing to exercise any of their other powers under this Part.

(2)On an application under subsection (1) the court may grant such an injunction as the court thinks appropriate for the purpose of restraining the contravention.

(3)Rules of court may, in particular, provide for such an injunction to be issued against a person whose identity is unknown.

(4)The references in subsection (1) to a local planning authority include, as respects England, the Commission.

(5)In this section “the court” means the High Court or the county court.]

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Amendments (Textual)

45 Commission to have concurrent enforcement functions in London. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C72Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

The Commission shall, as respects any London borough, have concurrently with the council of that borough the functions of a local planning authority under sections 38 to 43; and references to the local planning authority in those provisions shall be construed accordingly.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C72Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

46 Enforcement by the Secretary of State. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C73Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State to be expedient that a listed building enforcement notice should be issued in respect of any land, he may issue such a notice.

(2)Before the Secretary of State serves a notice under subsection (1) he shall consult—

(a)the local planning authority; and

(b)if the land is situated in England, the Commission.

(3)A listed building enforcement notice issued by the Secretary of State shall have the same effect as a notice issued by the local planning authority.

(4)In relation to a listed building enforcement notice issued by the Secretary of State, sections 42 and 43 shall apply as if for any reference in those sections to the local planning authority there were substituted a reference to the Secretary of State.

(5)References in this section to the local planning authority shall in the case of an authority for an area outside Greater London be construed as references to the district planning authority.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C73Ss. 43–46 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Chapter VE+W Prevention of Deterioration and Damage

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Compulsory acquisition of listed building in need of repairE+W

47 Compulsory acquisition of listed building in need of repair. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that reasonable steps are not being taken for properly preserving a listed building he—

(a)may authorise the appropriate authority to acquire compulsorily under this section the building and any relevant land; or

(b)may himself compulsorily acquire them under this section.

(2)The M5Acquisition of Land Act 1981 shall apply to compulsory acquisition under this section.

(3)The Secretary of State shall not make or confirm a compulsory purchase order for the acquisition of any building by virtue of this section unless—

(a)in the case of the acquisition of a building situated in England otherwise than by the Commission, he has consulted with the Commission; and

(b)in any case, he is satisfied that it is expedient to make provision for the preservation of the building and to authorise its compulsory acquisition for that purpose.

(4)Any person having an interest in a building which it is proposed to acquire compulsorily under this section may, within 28 days after the service of the notice required by section 12 of that Act of 1981 or, as the case may be, paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 to that Act, apply to a magistrates’ court acting for the petty sessions area within which the building is situated for an order staying further proceedings on the compulsory purchase order.

(5)If on an application under subsection (4) the court is satisfied that reasonable steps have been taken for properly preserving the building, the court shall make an order accordingly.

(6)Any person aggrieved by the decision of a magistrates’ court on an application under subsection (4) may appeal against the decision to the Crown Court.

(7)In this section—

  • the appropriate authority” means—

(a)the council of the county or district in which the building is situated, or

(b)in the case of a building situated in Greater London, the Commission or the council of the London borough in which the building is situated, or

(c)in the case of a building situated outside Greater London, the joint planning board for the area in which the building is situated; or

(d)in the case of a building situated within the Broads, the Broads Authority;

  • relevant land”, in relation to any building, means the land comprising or contiguous or adjacent to it which appears to the Secretary of State to be required for preserving the building or its amenities, or for affording access to it, or for its proper control or management.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

48 Repairs notice as preliminary to acquisition under s. 47. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)The compulsory purchase of a building under section 47 shall not be started by the appropriate authority or by the Secretary of State unless at least two months previously the authority or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State has served on the owner of the building a notice under this section (in this section referred to as a “repairs notice”)—

(a)specifying the works which the appropriate authority or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State considers reasonably necessary for the proper preservation of the building; and

(b)explaining the effect of sections 47 to 50,

and the repairs notice has not been withdrawn.

(2)Where—

(a)a building is demolished after a repairs notice has been served in respect of it by an appropriate authority or the Secretary of State, but

(b)the Secretary of State is satisfied that he would have confirmed or, as the case may be, would have made a compulsory purchase order in respect of the building had it not been demolished,

the demolition of the building shall not prevent the authority or the Secretary of State from being authorised under section 47 to acquire compulsorily the site of the building.

(3)An appropriate authority or the Secretary of State may at any time withdraw a repairs notice served by them on any person; and if they do so, they shall immediately give him notice of the withdrawal.

(4)The Secretary of State shall consult with the Commission before he serves or withdraws a repairs notice in relation to a building situated in England.

(5)Where a repairs notice has been served on a person in respect of a building, he shall not be entitled to serve a listed building purchase notice in respect of it—

(a)until the expiration of three months beginning with the date of the service of the repairs notice; or

(b)if during that period the compulsory acquisition of the building is begun under section 47, unless and until the compulsory acquisition is discontinued.

(6)For the purposes of this section a compulsory acquisition—

(a)is started when the notice required by section 12 of the M6Acquisition of Land Act 1981 or, as the case may be, paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 to that Act is served; and

(b)is discontinued—

(i)in the case of acquisition by the Secretary of State, when he decides not to make the compulsory purchase order; and

(ii)in any other case, when the order is withdrawn or the Secretary of State decides not to confirm it.

(7)In this section “appropriate authority” has the same meaning as in section 47.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C77S. 48: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A25

Marginal Citations

49 Compensation on compulsory acquisition of listed building. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Subject to section 50, for the purpose of assessing compensation in respect of any compulsory acquisition of land including a building which immediately before the date of the compulsory purchase order was listed, it shall be assumed that listed building consent would be granted for any works—

(a)for the alteration or extension of the building; or

(b)for the demolition of the building for the purpose of development of any class specified in Schedule 3 to the principal Act (development not constituting new development),

other than works in respect of which such consent has been applied for before the date of the order and refused by the Secretary of State, or granted by him subject to conditions, the circumstances having been such that on that refusal or grant compensation became payable under section 27.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

50 Minimum compensation in case of listed building deliberately left derelict. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)Where the appropriate authority within the meaning of section 47—

(a)propose to acquire a building compulsorily under that section; and

(b)are satisfied that the building has been deliberately allowed to fall into disrepair for the purpose of justifying its demolition and the development or redevelopment of the site or any adjoining site,

they may include in the compulsory purchase order as submitted to the Secretary of State for confirmation a direction for minimum compensation.

(2)Subject to the provisions of this section, where the Secretary of State acquires a building compulsorily under section 47, he may, if he is satisfied as mentioned in subsection (1)(b), include a direction for minimum compensation in the compulsory purchase order.

(3)Without prejudice to so much of section 12 of the M7Acquisition of Land Act 1981 or, as the case may be, paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 1 to that Act (notices stating effect of compulsory purchase order or, as the case may be, draft order) as requires the notice to state the effect of the order, the notice required to be served in accordance with that provision shall—

(a)include a statement that a direction for minimum compensation has been included in the order or, as the case may be, in the draft order prepared by the Secretary of State in accordance with Schedule 1 to that Act; and

(b)explain the meaning of the expression “direction for minimum compensation”.

(4)A direction for minimum compensation, in relation to a building compulsorily acquired, is a direction that for the purpose of assessing compensation it is to be assumed, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the M8Land Compensation Act 1961, the principal Act, or this Act —

(a)that planning permission would not be granted for any development or re-development of the site of the building; and

(b)that listed building consent would not be granted for any works for the demolition, alteration or extension of the building other than development or works necessary for restoring it to and maintaining it in a proper state of repair.

(5)If a compulsory purchase order is confirmed or made with the inclusion of a direction for minimum compensation, the compensation in respect of the compulsory acquisition shall be assessed in accordance with the direction.

(6)Where such a direction is included in a compulsory purchase order or, as the case may be, in a draft order prepared by the Secretary of State, any person having an interest in the building may, within 28 days after the service of the notice mentioned in subsection (3), apply to a magistrates’ court acting for the petty sessions area in which the building is situated for an order that no such direction be included in the compulsory purchase order as confirmed or made by the Secretary of State.

(7)If the court to which an application is made under subsection (6) is satisfied that the building in respect of which the application is made has not been deliberately allowed to fall into disrepair for the purpose mentioned in subsection (1)(b) the court shall make the order applied for.

(8)A person aggrieved by the decision of a magistrates’ court on an application under subsection (6) may appeal against the decision to the Crown Court.

(9)The rights conferred by subsections (6) and (8) shall not prejudice those conferred by section 47(4) and (6).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

51 Ending of rights over land compulsorily acquired.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, upon the completion of a compulsory acquisition of land under section 47—

(a)all private rights of way and rights of laying down, erecting, continuing or maintaining any apparatus on, under or over the land shall be extinguished, and

(b)any such apparatus shall vest in the acquiring authority.

(2)Subsection (1) shall not apply—

(a)to any right vested in, or apparatus belonging to, statutory undertakers for the purpose of the carrying on of their undertaking, or

(b)to any right conferred by or in accordance with the telecommunications code on the operator of a telecommunications code system, or

(c)to any telecommunication apparatus kept installed for the purposes of any such system.

(3)In respect of any right or apparatus not falling within subsection (2), subsection (1) shall have effect subject—

(a)to any direction given by the acquiring authority before the completion of the acquisition that subsection (1) shall not apply to any right or apparatus specified in the direction; and

(b)to any agreement which may be made (whether before or after the completion of the acquisition) between the acquiring authority and the person in or to whom the right or apparatus in question is vested or belongs.

(4)Any person who suffers loss by the extinguishment of a right or the vesting of any apparatus under this section shall be entitled to compensation from the acquiring authority.

(5)Any compensation payable under this section shall be determined in accordance with the M9Land Compensation Act 1961.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

Acquisition by agreementE+W

52 Acquisition of land by agreement.E+W

(1)The council of any county, district or London borough or a joint planning board for an area outside Greater London may acquire by agreement—

(a)any building appearing to them to be of special architectural or historic interest; and

(b)any land comprising or contiguous or adjacent to such a building which appears to the Secretary of State to be required—

(i)for preserving the building or its amenities, or

(ii)for affording access to it, or

(iii)for its proper control or management.

(2)The provisions of Part I of the M10Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 (so far as applicable), other than sections 4 to 8, 10 and 31, shall apply in relation to the acquisition of land under subsection (1), but references in that Part to the execution of the works shall be construed as including references to—

(a)any erection, construction or carrying out of buildings or works authorised by section 237 of the principal Act; and

(b)any erection, construction or carrying out of buildings or works on behalf of a Minister or statutory undertakers on land acquired by that Minister or those undertakers, where the buildings or works are erected, constructed or carried out for the purposes for which the land was acquired.

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Marginal Citations

Management of acquired buildingsE+W

53 Management of listed buildings acquired under this Act.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)a local authority or joint planning board acquire any building or other land under section 47(1) or 52(1)(a) or (b); or

(b)the Commission acquire any building or other land under section 47(1),

they may make such arrangements as to its management, use or disposal as they consider appropriate for the purpose of its preservation.

(2)Where the Secretary of State acquires any building or other land under section 47(1), he may—

(a)make such arrangements as he thinks fit as to the management, custody or use of the building or land; and

(b)dispose of or otherwise deal with any such building or land as he may from time to time determine.

(3)The Commission may be a party to such arrangements as are mentioned in subsection (2) if they relate to property situated in England.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Urgent preservationE+W

54 Urgent works to preserve unoccupied listed buildings.E+W

(1)A local authority may execute any works which appear to them to be urgently necessary for the preservation of a listed building in their area.

(2)If it appears to the Secretary of State that any works are urgently necessary for the preservation of a listed building—

(a)if the building is in England, he shall authorise the Commission to execute any works specified in the authorisation which appear to him to be urgently necessary for its preservation; or

(b)if the building is in Wales, he may himself execute any works which appear to him to be urgently necessary for its preservation.

(3)The works which may be executed under this section may consist of or include works for affording temporary support or shelter for the building.

(4)If the building is occupied works may be carried out only to those parts which are not in use.

(5)The owner of the building must be given not less than seven days notice in writing of the intention to carry out the works and, in the case of works authorised under subsection (2)(a), the Commission shall give that notice.

(6)A notice under subsection (5) shall describe the works proposed to be carried out.

(7)As respects buildings in Greater London, the functions of a local authority under this section are exercisable concurrently by the Commission and the relevant London borough council.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C82Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

S. 54: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 Table A27

S. 54 extended (with modifications)(19.9.1995) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 70, 125(2), Sch. 9 para. 13(4)(a) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117, Sch. 8 para. 7)

55 Recovery of expenses of works under s. 54.E+W

(1)This section has effect for enabling the expenses of works executed under section 54 to be recovered by the authority who carried out the works, that is to say the local authority, the Commission or the Secretary of State or, in the case of works carried out by the Commission on behalf of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of State.

(2)That authority may give notice to the owner of the building requiring him to pay the expenses of the works.

(3)Where the works consist of or include works for affording temporary support or shelter for the building—

(a)the expenses which may be recovered include any continuing expenses involved in making available the apparatus or materials used; and

(b)notices under subsection (2) in respect of any such continuing expenses may be given from time to time.

(4)The owner may within 28 days of the service of the notice represent to the Secretary of State—

(a)that some or all of the works were unnecessary for the preservation of the building; or

(b)in the case of works for affording temporary support or shelter, that the temporary arrangements have continued for an unreasonable length of time; or

(c)that the amount specified in the notice is unreasonable; or

(d)that the recovery of that amount would cause him hardship,

and the Secretary of State shall determine to what extent the representations are justified.

(5)The Secretary of State shall give notice of his determination, the reasons for it and the amount recoverable—

(a)to the owner of the building; and

(b)if the authority who gave notice under subsection (2) is a local authority or the Commission, to them.

(6)Any expenses recoverable by virtue of this section shall be recoverable as a simple contract debt in any court of competent jurisdiction.

56 Dangerous structure orders in respect of listed buildings. E+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C83S. 56 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Before taking any steps with a view to—

(a)the making of an order in respect of a listed building under section 77(1)(a) of the M11Building Act 1984 or section 65 or 69(1) of the London Building Acts (Amendment) Act 1939; or

(b)the M12service of a notice under section 79(1) of that Act of 1984 or section 62(2) of that Act of 1939,

a local planning authority shall consider whether they should instead exercise their powers under sections 47 and 48 or section 54.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C83S. 56 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C84Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Marginal Citations

Grants for repair and maintenanceE+W

57 Power of local authority to contribute to preservation of listed buildings etc.E+W

(1)A local authority may contribute towards the expenses incurred or to be incurred in the repair or maintenance—

(a)of a listed building which is situate in or in the vicinity of their area; or

(b)of a building in their area which is not listed but appears to them to be of architectural or historic interest.

(2)At the time of making such a contribution the local authority may also contribute towards the expenses incurred, or to be incurred, in the upkeep of any garden occupied with the building and contiguous or adjacent to it.

(3)A contribution under this section may be made by grant or loan.

(4)A contribution by way of loan may be made upon such terms and conditions as the local authority may determine including (but without prejudice to the foregoing) a term that the loan shall be free of interest.

(5)A local authority—

(a)may renounce their right to repayment of such a loan or any interest for the time being outstanding, and

(b)by agreement with the borrower may otherwise vary any of the terms and conditions on which such a loan is made.

(6)A local authority may require as a condition of the making by them of a contribution under this section by way of grant towards the expenses of the repair or maintenance or upkeep of any property that the person to whom the grant is made shall enter into an agreement with them for the purpose of enabling the public to have access to the property or part of it during such period and at such times as the agreement may provide.

(7)In this section and in section 58 “local authority” means—

(a)the council of a county, borough or district,

(b)a joint planning board constituted under section 2 of the principal Act, and

(c)in relation to a building or land in the Broads, the Broads Authority.

58 Recovery of grants under s. 57.E+W

(1)If, during the period of three years beginning with the day on which a grant is made under section 57 towards the repair or maintenance or upkeep of any property (“the grant property”), the grantee disposes of the interest held by him in the property on that day or any part of that interest, by way of sale or exchange or lease for a term of not less than 21 years, the local authority may recover the amount of the grant, or such part of it as they think fit, from the grantee in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(2)If the grantee gives the whole of that interest to any person (whether directly or indirectly, but otherwise than by will) subsection (1) shall have effect as if the donee were the grantee.

(3)If the grantee gives part of that interest to any person (whether directly or indirectly, but otherwise than by will) subsection (1) shall have effect as if any disposal or part disposal of that interest by the donee were a disposal by the grantee.

(4)If any condition imposed on the making of a grant to which this section applies is contravened or not complied with, the grantor may recover the amount of the grant, or such part of it as he thinks fit, from the grantee.

(5)Nothing in this section entitles a grantor to recover amounts in the aggregate exceeding the amount of the grant (for example by virtue of a breach of more than one condition or disposals of several parts of an interest in the grant property).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C85S. 58 extended (with modifications) (19.9.1995) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 70, 125(2), Sch. 9 para. 13(4)(b) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117, Sch. 8 para. 7)

Damage to listed buildingsE+W

59 Acts causing or likely to result in damage to listed buildings.E+W

(1)If, with the intention of causing damage to a listed building, any relevant person does or permits the doing of any act which causes or is likely to result in damage to the building, he shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(2)A person is a relevant person for the purpose of subsection (1) if apart from that subsection he would be entitled to do or permit the act in question.

(3)Subsection (1) does not apply to an act for the execution—

(a)of works authorised by planning permission granted or deemed to be granted in pursuance of an application under the principal Act; or

(b)of works for which listed building consent has been given under this Act.

(4)If a person convicted of an offence under this section fails to take such reasonable steps as may be necessary to prevent any damage or further damage resulting from the offence, he shall be guilty of a further offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £40 for each day on which the failure continues.

Chapter VIE+W Miscellaneous and Supplemental

Exceptions for church buildings and ancient monumentsE+W

60 Exceptions for ecclesiastical buildings and redundant churches.E+W

(1)The provisions mentioned in subsection (2) shall not apply to any ecclesiastical building which is for the time being used for ecclesiastical purposes.

(2)Those provisions are sections 3, 4, 7 to 9, 47, 54 and 59.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1), a building used or available for use by a minister of religion wholly or mainly as a residence from which to perform the duties of his office shall be treated as not being an ecclesiastical building.

(4)For the purposes of sections 7 to 9 a building shall be taken to be used for the time being for ecclesiastical purposes if it would be so used but for the works in question.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order provide for restricting or excluding the operation of subsections (1) to (3) in such cases as may be specified in the order.

(6)An order under this section may—

(a)make provision for buildings generally, for descriptions of building or for particular buildings;

(b)make different provision for buildings in different areas, for buildings of different religious faiths or denominations or according to the use made of the building;

(c)make such provision in relation to a part of a building (including, in particular, an object or structure falling to be treated as part of the building by virtue of section 1(5)) as may be made in relation to a building and make different provision for different parts of the same building;

(d)make different provision with respect to works of different descriptions or according to the extent of the works;

(e)make such consequential adaptations or modifications of the operation of any other provision of this Act or the principal Act, or of any instrument made under either of those Acts, as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(7)Sections 7 to 9 shall not apply to the execution of works for the demolition, in pursuance of a pastoral or redundancy scheme (within the meaning of the M13Pastoral Measure 1983), of a redundant building (within the meaning of that Measure) or a part of such a building.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C87Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Marginal Citations

61 Exceptions for ancient monuments etc.E+W

(1)The provisions mentioned in subsection (2) shall not apply to any building for the time being included in the schedule of monuments compiled and maintained under section 1 of the M14Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

(2)Those provisions are sections 3, 4, 7 to 9, 47, 54 and 59.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C89Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Marginal Citations

Validity of instruments, decisions and proceedingsE+W

62 Validity of certain orders and decisions. E+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C90Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Except as provided by section 63, the validity of—

(a)any order under section 23 or 26 (whether before or after it has been confirmed); or

(b)any such decision by the Secretary of State as is mentioned in subsection (2),

shall not be questioned in any legal proceedings whatsoever.

(2)Those decisions are—

(a)any decision on an application referred to the Secretary of State under section 12 or on an appeal under section 20;

(b)any decision to confirm or not to confirm a listed building purchase notice including—

(i)any decision not to confirm such a notice in respect of part of the land to which it relates, and

(ii)any decision to grant any consent, or give any direction, in lieu of confirming such a notice, either wholly or in part;

(c)any decision to grant listed building consent under paragraph (a) of section 41(6) or to discharge a condition or limitation under paragraph (b) of that section.

(3)Nothing in this section shall affect the exercise of any jurisdiction of any court in respect of any refusal or failure on the part of the Secretary of State to take any such decision as is mentioned in subsection (2).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C90Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

63 Proceedings for questioning validity of other orders, decisions and directions. E+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C91Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)If any person is aggrieved by any such order or decision as is mentioned in section 62(1) and wishes to question its validity on the grounds—

(a)that it is not within the powers of this Act, or

(b)that any of the relevant requirements have not been complied with in relation to it,

he may make an application to the High Court under this section.

(2)Without prejudice to subsection (1), if the authority directly concerned with any such order or decision wish to question its validity on any of those grounds, the authority may make an application to the High Court under this section.

(3)An application under this section must be made within six weeks from the date on which the order is confirmed (or, in the case of an order under section 23 which takes effect under section 25 without confirmation, the date on which it takes effect) or, as the case may be, the date on which the action is taken.

(4)On any application under this section the High Court—

(a)may by interim order suspend the operation of the order or decision, the validity of which is questioned by the application, until the final determination of the proceedings; and

(b)if satisfied—

(i)that the order or decision is not within the powers of this Act, or

(ii)that the interests of the applicant have been substantially prejudiced by a failure to comply with any of the relevant requirements in relation to it,

may quash that order or decision.

(5)References in this section to the confirmation of an order include the confirmation of an order subject to modifications.

(6)In this section “the relevant requirements”, in relation to any order or decision, means any requirements of this Act or of the M15Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971 or of any order, regulations or rules made under either of those Acts which are applicable to that order or decision.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (2) the authority directly concerned with an order or decision is—

(a)in relation to any such decision as is mentioned in section 62(2)(b)—

(i)the council on whom the listed building purchase notice was served, and

(ii)in a case where the Secretary of State has modified the notice wholly or in part by substituting another local authority or statutory undertakers for that council, also that authority or those statutory undertakers; and

(b)otherwise, the authority who—

(i)made the order or decision to which the proceedings in question relate, or

(ii)referred the matter to the Secretary of State, or

(iii)if the order was made by him, are the authority named in it.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C91Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Marginal Citations

64 Validity of listed building enforcement notices. E+W
Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C92Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

The validity of a listed building enforcement notice shall not, except by way of an appeal under section 39, be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever on any of the grounds on which such an appeal may be brought.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C92Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

65 Appeals to High Court relating to listed building enforcement notices. E+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C93Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

(1)Where the Secretary of State gives a decision in proceedings on an appeal under section 39 against a listed building enforcement notice, the appellant or the local planning authority or any other person having an interest in the land to which the notice relates may, according as rules of court may provide, either appeal to the High Court against the decision on a point of law or require the Secretary of State to state and sign a case for the opinion of the High Court.

(2)At any stage of the proceedings on any such appeal, the Secretary of State may state any question of law arising in the course of the proceedings in the form of a special case for the decision of the High Court.

(3)A decision of the High Court on a case stated by virtue of subsection (2) shall be deemed to be a judgment of the court within the meaning of section 16 of the M16Supreme Court Act 1981 (jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal to hear and determine appeals from any judgment of the High Court).

(4)In relation to any proceedings in the High Court or the Court of Appeal brought by virtue of this section the power to make rules of court shall include power to make rules—

(a)prescribing the powers of the High Court or the Court of Appeal with respect to the remitting of the matter with the opinion or direction of the court for re-hearing and determination by the Secretary of State; and

(b)providing for the Secretary of State, either generally or in such circumstances as may be prescribed by the rules, to be treated as a party to any such proceedings and to be entitled to appear and to be heard accordingly.

(5)No appeal to the Court of Appeal shall be brought by virtue of this section except with the leave of the High Court or the Court of Appeal.

(6)In this section “decision” includes a direction or order, and references to the giving of a decision shall be construed accordingly.

(7)In the case of a listed building enforcement notice issued by the Commission subsection (1) shall apply as if the reference to the local planning authority were a reference to the Commission.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C93Ss. 62–65 modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1); applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Marginal Citations

Special considerations affecting planning functionsE+W

66 General duty as respects listed buildings in exercise of planning functions.E+W

(1)In considering whether to grant planning permission for development which affects a listed building or its setting, the local planning authority or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State shall have special regard to the desirability of preserving the building or its setting or any features of special architectural or historic interest which it possesses.

(2)Without prejudice to section 72, in the exercise of the powers of appropriation, disposal and development (including redevelopment) conferred by the provisions of sections 232, 233 and 235(1) of the principal Act, a local authority shall have regard to the desirability of preserving features of special architectural or historic interest, and in particular, listed buildings.

(3)The reference in subsection (2) to a local authority includes a reference to a joint planning board and a board reconstituted in pursuance of Schedule 17 to the M17Local Government Act 1972.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C94Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Marginal Citations

67 Publicity for applications affecting setting of listed buildings.E+W

(1)This section applies where an application for planning permission for any development of land is made to a local planning authority and the development would, in the opinion of the authority, affect the setting of a listed building.

(2)The local planning authority shall—

(a)publish in a local newspaper circulating in the locality in which the land is situated; and

(b)for not less than seven days display on or near the land,

a notice indicating the nature of the development in question and naming a place within the locality where a copy of the application, and of all plans and other documents submitted with it, will be open to inspection by the public at all reasonable hours during the period of 21 days beginning with the date of publication of the notice under paragraph (a).

(3)In a case where the land is situated in England, the local planning authority shall send a copy of the notice to the Commission.

(4)Where the Secretary of State, after consulting with the Commission, notifies a local planning authority in writing that subsection (3) shall not affect the authority as regards any notice relating to any kind of application specified in the notification, then that subsection shall not affect the authority as regards any such notice.

(5)The Secretary of State shall send the Commission a copy of any notification made under subsection (4).

(6)The application shall not be determined by the local planning authority before—

(a)the expiry of the period of 21 days referred to in subsection (2); or

(b)if later, the expiry of the period of 21 days beginning with the date on which the notice required by that subsection to be displayed was first displayed.

(7)In determining any application for planning permission to which this section applies, the local planning authority shall take into account any representations relating to the application which are received by them before the periods mentioned in subsection (6) have elapsed.

(8)Subsection (3) of section 63 of the principal Act (references to applications for planning permission to include applications for permission to retain existing works and uses) does not apply to the construction of this section.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C97S. 67(2)(b), (6)(7), 73(1) modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1)

68 Reference to Commission of planning applications involving listed buildings in Greater London.E+W

(1)Without prejudice to his powers by virtue of section 74(1) of the principal Act, the Secretary of State may by regulations provide for any application for planning permission to which this section applies to be referred to the Commission before it is dealt with by the local planning authority.

(2)This section applies to an application for planning permission for any development in Greater London which would, in the opinion of the local planning authority to which the application is made, involve the demolition, in whole or in part, or a material alteration, of a listed building.

(3)Regulations under this section may—

(a)provide for the Commission to give the referring authority directions as to the manner in which an application is to be dealt with; and

(b)provide that an application which satisfies such conditions as may be specified in the regulations need not be referred to the Commission.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C98Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Part IIE+W Conservation Areas

DesignationE+W

69 Designation of conservation areas.E+W

(1)Every local planning authority—

(a)shall from time to time determine which parts of their area are areas of special architectural or historic interest the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance, and

(b)shall designate those areas as conservation areas.

(2)It shall be the duty of a local planning authority from time to time to review the past exercise of functions under this section and to determine whether any parts or any further parts of their area should be designated as conservation areas; and, if they so determine, they shall designate those parts accordingly.

(3)The Secretary of State may from time to time determine that any part of a local planning authority’s area which is not for the time being designated as a conservation area is an area of special architectural or historic interest the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance; and, if he so determines, he may designate that part as a conservation area.

(4)The designation of any area as a conservation area shall be a local land charge.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C99Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

70 Designation of conservation areas: supplementary provisions.E+W

(1)The functions of a local planning authority under section 69 and this section shall also be exercisable in Greater London by the Commission.

(2)Before making a determination under section 69 the Commission shall consult the council of each London borough of which any part is included in the area to which the proposed determination relates.

(3)Before making a determination under section 69(3) the Secretary of State shall consult the local planning authority.

(4)Before designating any area in Greater London as a conservation area the Commission shall obtain the consent of the Secretary of State.

(5)A local planning authority shall give notice of the designation of any part of their area as a conservation area under section 69(1) or (2) and of any variation or cancellation of any such designation—

(a)to the Secretary of State; and

(b)if it affects an area in England and the designation or, as the case may be, the variation or cancellation was not made by the Commission, to the Commission.

(6)The Secretary of State shall give notice of the designation of any part of the area of a local planning authority as a conservation area under section 69(3) and of any variation or cancellation of any such designation—

(a)to the authority; and

(b)if it affects an area in England, to the Commission.

(7)A notice under subsection (5) or (6) shall contain sufficient particulars to identify the area affected.

(8)Notice of any such designation, variation or cancellation as is mentioned in subsection (5) or (6), with particulars of its effect, shall be published in the London Gazette and in at least one newspaper circulating in the area of the local planning authority, by that authority or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C100Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

General duties of planning authoritiesE+W

71 Formulation and publication of proposals for preservation and enhancement of conservation areas.E+W

(1)It shall be the duty of a local planning authority from time to time to formulate and publish proposals for the preservation and enhancement of any parts of their area which are conservation areas.

(2)Proposals under this section shall be submitted for consideration to a public meeting in the area to which they relate.

(3)The local planning authority shall have regard to any views concerning the proposals expressed by persons attending the meeting.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C101Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

72 General duty as respects conservation areas in exercise of planning functions.E+W

(1)In the exercise, with respect to any buildings or other land in a conservation area, of any powers under any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (2), special attention shall be paid to the desirability of preserving or enhancing the character or appearance of that area.

(2)The provisions referred to in subsection (1) are the planning Acts and Part I of the M18Historic Buildings and Ancient Monuments Act 1953.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

73 Publicity for applications affecting conservation areas.E+W

(1)Where an application for planning permission for any development of land is made to a local planning authority and the development would, in the opinion of the authority, affect the character or appearance of a conservation area, subsections (2) to (7) of section 67 shall apply as they apply in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.

(2)Subsection (3) of section 63 of the principal Act (references to applications for planning permission to include applications for permission to retain existing works and uses) does not apply to the construction of this section.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C102S. 67(2)(b), (6)(7), 73(1) modified by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 13(1)

Control of demolitionE+W

74 Control of demolition in conservation areas.E+W

(1)A building in a conservation area shall not be demolished without the consent of the appropriate authority (in this Act referred to as “conservation area consent”).

(2)The appropriate authority for the purposes of this section is—

(a)in relation to applications for consent made by local planning authorities, the Secretary of State; and

(b)in relation to other applications for consent, the local planning authority or the Secretary of State.

(3)Sections 7 to 26, 28, 32 to 46, 56, 62 to 65, 66(1), 82(2) to (4), 83(1)(b),(3) and (4) and 90(2) to (4) have effect in relation to buildings in conservation areas as they have effect in relation to listed buildings subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be prescribed by regulations.

(4)Any such regulations may make different provision—

(a)in relation to applications made by local planning authorities, and

(b)in relation to other applications.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C103Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

S. 74 restricted (1.10.1994) by S.I. 1994/1771, art. 5(5)

S. 74 excluded (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 12, Sch. 7 para. 1(4)

S. 74 applied (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 13, Sch. 8 para. 1(5)

75 Cases in which s. 74 does not apply.E+W

(1)Section 74 does not apply to—

(a)listed buildings;

(b)ecclesiastical buildings which are for the time being used for ecclesiastical purposes;

(c)buildings for the time being included in the schedule of monuments compiled and maintained under section 1 of the M19Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979; or

(d)buildings in relation to which a direction under subsection (2) is for the time being in force.

(2)The Secretary of State may direct that section 74 shall not apply to any description of buildings specified in the direction.

(3)A direction under subsection (2) may be given either to an individual local planning authority exercising functions under that section or to local planning authorities generally.

(4)The Secretary of State may vary or revoke a direction under subsection (2) by a further direction under that subsection.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), a building used or available for use by a minister of religion wholly or mainly as a residence from which to perform the duties of his office shall be treated as not being an ecclesiastical building.

(6)For the purposes of sections 7 to 9 as they apply by virtue of section 74(3) a building shall be taken to be used for the time being for ecclesiastical purposes if it would be so used but for the works in question.

(7)The Secretary of State may by order provide for restricting or excluding the operation of subsection (1)(b) in such cases as may be specified in the order.

(8)An order under subsection (7) may—

(a)make provision for buildings generally, for descriptions of building or for particular buildings;

(b)make different provision for buildings in different areas, for buildings of different religious faiths or denominations or according to the use made of the building;

(c)make such provision in relation to a part of a building (including, in particular, an object or structure falling to be treated as part of the building by virtue of section 1(5)) as may be made in relation to a building and make different provision for different parts of the same building;

(d)make different provision with respect to works of different descriptions or according to the extent of the works;

(e)make such consequential adaptations or modifications of the operation of any other provision of this Act or the principal Act, or of any instrument made under either of those Acts, as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(9)Regulations under this Act may provide that subsections (5) to (8) shall have effect subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be prescribed, and any such regulations may make different provision—

(a)in relation to applications made by local planning authorities, and

(b)in relation to other applications.

(10)Any proceedings on or arising out of an application for conservation area consent made while section 74 applies to a building shall lapse if it ceases to apply to it, and any such consent granted with respect to the building shall also lapse.

(11)The fact that that section has ceased to apply to a building shall not affect the liability of any person to be prosecuted and punished for an offence under section 9 or 43 committed with respect to the building while that section did apply to it.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C104Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

Marginal Citations

76 Urgent works to preserve unoccupied buildings in conservation areas.E+W

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State that the preservation of a building in a conservation area is important for maintaining the character or appearance of that area, he may direct that section 54 shall apply to it as it applies to listed buildings.

(2)The Secretary of State shall consult the Commission before giving a direction under subsection (1) in respect of a building in England.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C105Chs. I, II (ss. 1-26) and IV (ss. 38-44) of Pt. I, ss. 54-56, 59-61, 66, 68-72, 74-76 and 88: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(b); S.I. 1993/2762, art.3.

GrantsE+W

77 Grants and loans for preservation or enhancement of conservation areas.E+W

(1)If in the opinion of the Commission any relevant expenditure has made or will make a significant contribution towards the preservation or enhancement of the character or appearance of any conservation area situated in England or any part of such an area, they may make grants or loans for the purposes of defraying the whole or part of that expenditure.

(2)If in the opinion of the Secretary of State any relevant expenditure has made or will make a significant contribution towards the preservation or enhancement of the character or appearance of any conservation area situated in Wales or any part of such an area, he may make grants or loans for the purposes of defraying the whole or part of that expenditure.

(3)Expenditure is relevant for the purposes of subsection (1) or (2) if it has been or is to be incurred in or in connection with, or with a view to the promotion of, such preservation or enhancement as is mentioned in that subsection.

(4)A grant or loan under this section may be made subject to such conditions as the Commission or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State may think fit to impose.

(5)Any loan under subsection (1) shall be made on such terms as to repayment, payment of interest and otherwise as the Commission may determine.

(6)Any loan under subsection (2) shall be made on such terms as to repayment, payment of interest and otherwise as the Secretary of State may with the approval of the Treasury determine.

(7)Unless the making of a grant or loan under this section appears to the Secretary of State to be a matter of immediate urgency, before making the grant or loan, the Secretary of State shall consult the Historic Buildings Council for Wales as to its making and the conditions subject to which it should be made.

(8)The Secretary of State may pay such remuneration and allowances as he may with the approval of the Treasury determine to any member of the Historic Buildings Council for Wales by whom services are rendered in connection with any question as to the exercise of his powers under this section.

(9)If any such member is also a member of the House of Commons, those payments shall extend only to allowances in respect of travelling and subsistence expenses, and any other expenses necessarily incurred by him in connection with those services.

78 Recovery of grants under s. 77.E+W

(1)This section applies to any grant under section 77 made on terms that it shall be recoverable under this section.

(2)A grant shall only be regarded as made on those terms if before or on making the grant the grantor gives the grantee notice in writing—

(a)summarising the effect of this section; and

(b)if the grant is made for the purpose of defraying the whole or part of expenditure in relation to any particular property (“the grant property”), specifying the recovery period.

(3)In this section “the recovery period” means the period, beginning with the day on which the grant is made and ending not more than ten years after that day, during which the grant is to be recoverable in accordance with subsection (4).

(4)If during the recovery period the grantee disposes of the interest which was held by him in the grant property on the day on which the grant was made or any part of that interest by way of sale or exchange or lease for a term of not less than 21 years, the grantor may recover the amount of the grant, or such part of it as the grantor thinks fit, from the grantee.

(5)If the grantee gives the whole of that interest to any person (whether directly or indirectly, but otherwise than by will) subsection (4) shall have effect as if the donee were the grantee.

(6)If the grantee gives part of that interest to any person (whether directly or indirectly, but otherwise than by will) subsection (4) shall have effect as if any disposal or part disposal of that interest by the donee were a disposal by the grantee.

(7)If any condition imposed on the making of a grant to which this section applies is contravened or not complied with, the grantor may recover the amount of the grant, or such part of it as he thinks fit, from the grantee.

(8)Nothing in this section entitles a grantor to recover amounts in the aggregate exceeding the amount of the grant (for example by virtue of a breach of more than one condition or disposals of several parts of an interest in the grant property).

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Town schemesE+W

79 Town scheme agreements.E+W

(1)The Commission and one or more local authorities in England, or the Secretary of State and one or more local authorities in Wales, may enter an agreement (in this Act referred to as a “town scheme agreement”) that a specified sum of money shall be set aside for a specified period of years for the purpose of making grants for the repair of buildings which are—

(a)included in a list compiled for the purposes of such an agreement by the parties to the agreement, or by them and other such authorities, or

(b)shown on a map prepared for those purposes by the parties, or by them and such other authorities.

(2)Before such a list is compiled or such a map is prepared by the Secretary of State and any local authorities as respects any buildings in Wales they shall consult the Historic Buildings Council for Wales.

(3)In this section “local authority” means—

(a)a county council;

(b)a district council;

(c)in relation to any building situated within the Broads, the Broads Authority;

(d)a London borough council or the Common Council of the City of London;

(e)the Council of the Isles of Scilly.

80 Grants for repairing of buildings in town schemes.E+W

(1)The Commission may make grants for the purpose of defraying the whole or part of any expenditure incurred or to be incurred in the repair of any building which—

(a)is the subject of a town scheme agreement;

(b)is situated in a conservation area in England; and

(c)appears to the Commission to be of architectural or historic interest.

(2)The Secretary of State may make grants for the purpose of defraying the whole or part of any expenditure incurred or to be incurred in the repair of any building which—

(a)is the subject of a town scheme agreement;

(b)is situated in a conservation area in Wales; and

(c)appears to him to be of architectural or historic interest.

(3)A grant under this section may be made subject to conditions imposed by the Commission or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State for such purposes as the Commission or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State thinks fit.

(4)Unless the making of a grant under this section appears to the Secretary of State to be a matter of immediate urgency, before he makes such a grant he may consult with the Historic Buildings Council for Wales as to the making of the grant and as to the conditions subject to which it should be made.

(5)The Commission or the Secretary of State may—

(a)pay any grant under this section to any authority which is a party to a town scheme agreement; and

(b)make arrangements with any such authority for the way in which the agreement is to be carried out.

(6)Those arrangements may include such arrangements for the offer and payment of grants under this section as the parties may agree.

(7)Section 78(4) to (8) shall apply to a grant under this section as it applies to a grant under that section, but taking the recovery period to be three years beginning with the day on which the grant is made.

Part IIIE+W General

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C107Part III modified and extended (17.7.1992) by S.I. 1992/1732, art.2

Authorities exercising functions under ActE+W

81 Authorities exercising functions under Act.E+W

In this Act “local planning authority” shall be construed in accordance with Part I of the principal Act and Schedule 4 to this Act (which makes further provision as to the exercise of functions under this Act).

Special casesE+W

82 Application of Act to land and works of local planning authorities.E+W

(1)In relation to land of a local planning authority, section 1(1), (2) and (4) and sections 2, 39(6) [F341(8)], 42(6) and 55(6) shall have effect subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be prescribed.

(2)The provisions mentioned in subsection (3) shall have effect for the purpose of applications by local planning authorities relating to the execution of works for the demolition, alteration or extension of listed buildings, subject to such exceptions and modifications as may be prescribed.

(3)Those provisions are sections 1(3), (5) and (6), 3 to 5, 7 to 29, 32 to 50 (except sections 39(6) and 42(6)), 60(1) to (4) (as it applies as respects the provisions mentioned in this subsection), 62 to 65, 67(2)(b), (6) and (7), 73(1), Schedules 1 and 2, paragraph 2 of Schedule 4 (as it applies to Schedule 1) and paragraph 4(1) of Schedule 4 (as it applies as respects the provisions mentioned in this subsection).

(4)Regulations under this section may in particular provide—

(a)for the making of applications for listed building consent to the Secretary of State; and

(b)for the issue or service by him of notices under section 2(3) and the provisions mentioned in subsection (3).

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C108S. 82(2)–(4) applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

83 Exercise of powers in relation to Crown land.E+W

(1)Notwithstanding any interest of the Crown in Crown land, but subject to the following provisions of this section—

(a)a building which for the time being is Crown land may be included in a list compiled or approved by the Secretary of State under section 1;

(b)any restrictions imposed or powers conferred by sections 1 to 26, 32 to 46, 54 to 56, 59 to 61, 66(1), 67, 68, 73 or 76 or Schedule 1, 2 or 3 shall apply and be exercisable in relation to Crown land to the extent of any interest in it for the time being held otherwise than by or on behalf of the Crown;

(c)any power to acquire land compulsorily under section 47 may be exercised in relation to any interest in the land which is for the time being held otherwise than by or on behalf of the Crown.

(2)Except with the consent of the appropriate authority—

(a)no notice shall be issued or served under section 38 in relation to land which for the time being is Crown land;

(b)no interest in land which for the time being is Crown land shall be acquired compulsorily under section 47.

(3)No listed building enforcement notice shall be issued in respect of works executed by or on behalf of the Crown in respect of a building which was Crown land at the time when the works were executed.

(4)No listed building purchase notice shall be served in relation to any interest in Crown land unless—

(a)an offer has been previously made by the owner of that interest to dispose of it to the appropriate authority on terms that the price payable for it—

(i)shall be equal to the compensation which would be payable in respect of it if it were acquired in pursuance of such a notice, or

(ii)in default of agreement, shall be determined in a similar manner to that in which that compensation would be determined; and

(b)that offer has been refused by the appropriate authority.

(5)In this section—

  • Crown land” means land in which there is a Crown interest or a Duchy interest;

  • Crown interest” means an interest belonging to Her Majesty in right of the Crown, or belonging to a government department, or held in trust for Her Majesty for the purposes of a government department;

  • Duchy interest” means an interest belonging to Her Majesty in right of the Duchy of Lancaster or belonging to the Duchy of Cornwall.

(6)A person who is entitled to occupy Crown land by virtue of a licence in writing shall be treated as having an interest in land for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) so far as applicable to sections 1 to 26, 38 to 46, 54 to 56, 59 to 61, 66(1), 67, 68, 73 and 76 and Schedule 1, 2 or 3.

(7)For the purposes of this section “the appropriate authority”, in relation to any land—

(a)in relation to land belonging to Her Majesty in right of the Crown and forming part of the Crown Estate, means the Crown Estate Commissioners;

(b)in relation to any other land belonging to Her Majesty in right of the Crown, means the government department having the management of that land;

(c)in relation to land belonging to Her Majesty in right of the Duchy of Lancaster, means the Chancellor of the Duchy;

(d)in relation to land belonging to the Duchy of Cornwall, means such person as the Duke of Cornwall or the possessor for the time being of the Duchy of Cornwall appoints;

(e)in the case of land belonging to a government department or held in trust for Her Majesty for the purposes of a government department, means that department.

(8)If any question arises as to what authority is the appropriate authority in relation to any land, that question shall be referred to the Treasury, whose decision shall be final.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C109S. 83(1)(b), (3)(4) applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

C110S. 83(5) extended (23.6.1999) by S.I. 1999/1736, art. 11(1)

C111S. 83(7)(b) modified (17.7.1992) by S.I. 1992/1732, art. 2(4)(b)

84 Application for listed building or conservation area consent in anticipation of disposal of Crown land.E+W

(1)This section has effect for the purpose of enabling Crown land, or an interest in Crown land, to be disposed of with the benefit of listed building consent or conservation area consent.

(2)Notwithstanding the interest of the Crown in the land in question, an application for any such consent may be made—

(a)by the appropriate authority; or

(b)by any person authorised by that authority in writing;

and, subject to subsections (3) and (4), all the statutory provisions relating to the making and determination of any such application shall accordingly apply as if the land were not Crown land.

(3)Any listed building consent or conservation area consent granted by virtue of this section shall apply only—

(a)to works carried out after the land in question has ceased to be Crown land; and

(b)so long as that land continues to be Crown land, to works carried out by virtue of a private interest in the land.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)modify or exclude any of the statutory provisions referred to in subsection (2) in their application by virtue of that subsection and any other statutory provisions in their application to consents granted or made by virtue of this section;

(b)make provision for requiring a local planning authority to be notified of any disposal of, or of an interest in, any Crown land in respect of which an application has been made by virtue of this section; and

(c)make such other provision in relation to the making and determination of applications by virtue of this section as he thinks necessary or expedient.

(5)This section shall not be construed as affecting any right to apply for any listed building consent or conservation area consent in respect of Crown land in a case in which such an application can be made by virtue of a private interest in the land.

(6)In this section—

  • statutory provisions” means provisions contained in or having effect under any enactment;

  • private interest” means an interest which is neither a Crown interest nor a Duchy interest;

and references to the disposal of an interest in Crown land include references to the grant of an interest in such land.

(7)Subsections (5), (7) and (8) of section 83 apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section.

(8)A person who is entitled to occupy Crown land by virtue of a licence in writing shall be treated for the purposes of this section as having an interest in land and references to the disposal or grant of an interest in Crown land and to a private interest in such land shall be construed accordingly.

85 British Coal.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State for the Environment and the Secretary of State for Energy with the consent of the Treasury may by regulations direct that any of the provisions of sections 1(1) to (5), 2(1) to (3) [F441(8)], 51, 52, 83, 88 (except subsection (3)) and 90(1) to (6) relating to statutory undertakers and land of such undertakers and any of the other provisions of this Act as they have effect for the purposes of any of those provisions shall apply to the British Coal Corporation as if it were a statutory undertaker.

(2)Such regulations may apply those provisions subject to such adaptations, modifications and exceptions as may be specified in the regulations.

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Amendments (Textual)

86 Ecclesiastical property.E+W

(1)Without prejudice to the provisions of the M20Acquisition of Land Act 1981 with respect to notices served under that Act, where under any of the provisions of this Act a notice or copy of a notice is required to be served on an owner of land, and the land is ecclesiastical property, a similar notice or copy of a notice shall be served on the Church Commissioners.

(2)Where the fee simple of any ecclesiastical property is in abeyance—

(a)if the property is situated in England, then for the purposes of section 11, this subsection (other than paragraph (b)) and sections 62, 63 and 83(1) and any other provisions of this Act so far as they apply or have effect for the purposes of any of those provisions, the fee simple shall be treated as being vested in the Church Commissioners;

(b)in any case, the fee simple shall, for the purposes of a compulsory acquisition of the property under section 47, be treated as being vested in the Church Commissioners, and any notice to treat shall be served, or be deemed to have been served, accordingly.

(3)Any compensation payable under section 29 in respect of land which is ecclesiastical property—

(a)shall be paid to the Church Commissioners, and

(b)shall be applied by them for the purposes for which the proceeds of a sale by agreement of the land would be applicable under any enactment or Measure authorising or disposing of the proceeds of such a sale.

(4)In this section “ecclesiastical property” means land belonging to an ecclesiastical benefice, or being or forming part of a church subject to the jurisdiction of a bishop of any diocese or the site of such a church, or being or forming part of a burial ground subject to such jurisdiction.

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Marginal Citations

87 Settled land.E+W

The classes of works specified in Part II of Schedule 3 to the M21Settled Land Act 1925 (which specifies improvements which may be paid for out of capital money, subject to provisions under which repayment out of income may be required to be made) shall include works specified by the Secretary of State as being required for properly maintaining a listed building which is settled land within the meaning of that Act.

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Marginal Citations

Miscellaneous provisionsE+W

88 Rights of entry.E+W

(1)Any person duly authorised in writing by the Secretary of State may at any reasonable time enter any land for the purpose of surveying any building on it in connection with a proposal to include the building in, or exclude it from, a list compiled or approved under section 1.

(2)Any person duly authorised in writing by the Secretary of State, a local planning authority or, where the authorisation relates to a building situated in Greater London, the Commission may at any reasonable time enter any land for any of the following purposes—

(a)surveying it in connection with any proposal by the authority or the Secretary of State to make, issue or serve any order or notice under any of the provisions of sections 1 to 26, 38, 40, 46, 54, 55, 60, 68, 75 or 76 or under any order or regulations made under any of them, or any notice under section 48;

(b)ascertaining whether any such order or notice has been complied with;

(c)ascertaining whether an offence has been, or is being, committed with respect to any building on the land, under section 9, 11 or 43;

(d)ascertaining whether any such building is being maintained in a proper state of repair.

(3)Any person duly authorised in writing by the Secretary of State, a local authority or, where the authorisation relates to a building situated in Greater London, the Commission may at any reasonable time enter any land for any of the following purposes—

(a)ascertaining whether an offence has been or is being committed under section 59;

(b)ascertaining whether any of the functions conferred by section 54 should or may be exercised in connection with the land; or

(c)exercising any of those functions in connection with the land.

(4)Any person who is an officer of the Valuation Office or is duly authorised in writing by a local planning authority may at any reasonable time enter any land for the purpose of surveying it, or estimating its value, in connection with a claim for compensation payable by the authority under section 27, 28 or 29 in respect of any land.

(5)Any person who is an officer of the Valuation Office or is duly authorised in writing by a local authority having power to acquire land under sections 47 to 52 may at any reasonable time enter any land for the purpose of surveying it, or estimating its value, in connection with any proposal to acquire that land or any other land or in connection with any claim for compensation in respect of any such acquisition.

(6)Subject to subsection (7), any power conferred by this section to survey land shall be construed as including power to search and bore for the purpose of ascertaining the nature of the subsoil or the presence of minerals in it.

(7)Section 325 of the principal Act (supplementary provisions as to rights of entry) applies in relation to this section as it applies in relation to section 324 of that Act taking the reference in section 325(8) to section 324(8) as a reference to subsection (6) of this section.

Prospective

[88AF5Warrants to enter land.E+W

(1)If it is shown to the satisfaction of a justice of the peace on sworn information in writing—

(a)that there are reasonable grounds for entering any land for any of the purposes mentioned in section 88; and

(b)that—

(i)admission to the land has been refused, or a refusal is reasonably apprehended; or

(ii)the case is one of urgency,

the justice may issue a warrant authorising any person duly authorised in writing by the appropriate authority to enter the land.

(2)In subsection (1) “the appropriate authority” means the person who may authorise entry on the land under section 88 for the purpose in question.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b)(i) admission to land shall be regarded as having been refused if no reply is received to a request for admission within a reasonable period.

(4)A warrant authorises entry on one occasion only and that entry must be—

(a)within one month from the date of the issue of the warrant; and

(b)at a reasonable hour, unless the case is one of urgency.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Prospective

F688B Rights of entry: supplementary provisions.E+W

(1)A person authorised under section 88 to enter any land shall not demand admission as of right to any land which is occupied unless twenty-four hours notice of the intended entry has been given to the occupier.

(2)A person authorised to enter land in pursuance of a right of entry conferred under or by virtue of section 88 or 88A (referred to in this section as “a right of entry”)—

(a)shall, if so required, produce evidence of his authority and state the purpose of his entry before so entering;

(b)may take with him such other persons as may be necessary; and

(c)on leaving the land shall, if the owner or occupier is not then present, leave it as effectively secured against trespassers as he found it.

(3)Any person who wilfully obstructs a person acting in the exercise of a right of entry shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(4)If any person who enters any land, in exercise of a right of entry, discloses to any person any information obtained by him while on the land as to any manufacturing process or trade secret, he shall be guilty of an offence.

(5)Subsection (4) does not apply if the disclosure is made by a person in the course of performing his duty in connection with the purpose for which he was authorised to enter the land.

(6)A person who is guilty of an offence under subsection (4) shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or

(b)on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or a fine or both.

(7)If any damage is caused to land or chattels in the exercise of—

(a)a right of entry; or

(b)a power conferred by virtue of section 88(6) in connection with such a right,

compensation may be recovered by any person suffering the damage from the authority who gave the written authority for the entry or, as the case may be, the Secretary of State; and section 118 of the principal Act shall apply in relation to compensation under this subsection as it applies in relation to compensation under Part IV of that Act.

(8)No person shall carry out any works in exercise of a power conferred under section 88 unless notice of his intention to do so was included in the notice required by subsection (1).

(9)The authority of the appropriate Minister shall be required for the carrying out of works in exercise of a power conferred under section 88 if—

(a)the land in question is held by statutory undertakers; and

(b)they object to the proposed works on the ground that the execution of the works would be seriously detrimental to the carrying on of their undertaking.

(10)Section 265(1) and (3) of the principal Act (meaning of “appropriate Minister”) applies for the purposes of subsection (9) as it applies for the purposes of section 325(9) of the principal Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

89 Application of certain general provisions of principal Act.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2), the following provisions of the principal Act shall apply for the purposes of this Act as they apply for the purposes of that Act, namely—

  • section 320 (local inquiries),

  • [F7section 322 (orders as to costs of parties where no inquiry held)],

  • section 323 (procedure on certain appeals and applications),

  • section 329 (service of notices),

  • section 330 (power to require information as to interests in land),

  • section 331 (offences by corporations).

(2)Section 331 of that Act shall not apply to offences under section 59 of this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F7Words from “section 322” to “held)” omitted (temp.) by virtue of Planning (Consequential Provisions) Act 1990 (c. 11, SIF 123:1, 2), s. 6, Sch. 4 paras. 1, 11

90 Financial provisions.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)compensation is payable by a local authority under this Act in consequence of any decision or order given or made under Chapters I, II or IV of Part I or sections 32 to 37, 60 or Schedule 3; and

(b)the decision or order in consequence of which it is payable was given or made wholly or partly in the interest of a service which is provided by a government department and the cost of which is defrayed out of money provided by Parliament,

the Minister responsible for the administration of that service may pay that authority a contribution of such amount as he may with the consent of the Treasury determine.

(2)Any local authority and any statutory undertakers may contribute towards any expenses incurred by a local planning authority in or in connection with the performance of any of their functions under the provisions of Chapters I to V of Part I (other than sections 27 to 31, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58) and sections 66 and 68 and Schedule 1.

(3)Where any expenses are incurred by a local authority in the payment of compensation payable in consequence of anything done under Chapters I, II or IV of Part I or sections 32 to 37, 56, 59, 60, 66(1), 67, 68 or 73, the Secretary of State may, if it appears to him to be expedient to do so, require any other local authority to contribute towards those expenses such sum as appears to him to be reasonable, having regard to any benefit accruing to that authority by reason of the proceeding giving rise to the compensation.

(4)For the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), contributions made by a local planning authority towards the expenditure of a joint advisory committee shall be deemed to be expenses incurred by that authority for the purposes for which that expenditure is incurred by the committee.

(5)The council of a county may direct that any expenses incurred by them under the provisions specified in subsection (6) shall be treated as special expenses of a county council chargeable upon such part of the county as may be specified in the directions.

(6)Those provisions are—

(a)sections 1(1) to (5), 2(1) to (3) [F841(8)], 51, 52, 64, 65, 66(2), 82(1) and (4)(b), 83, 86 (except subsection (2)(a)), 87, 88 (except subsection (3)) and subsections (1) to (4) of this section and any other provisions of the planning Acts in so far as they apply, or have effect for the purposes of, any of those provisions; and

(b)sections 1(6), 3, 4, 5, 7 to 29, 32 to 50 (except 39(6) and 42(6)), 60(1) to (4), 61, 66(1), 67(2)(b),(6) and (7), 73(1) (so far as it applies to section 67(2)(b), (6) and (7)), 82(2), (3) and (4)(a) and Schedules 1, 2 and 3.

(7)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a)any sums necessary to enable the Secretary of State to make any payments becoming payable by him under sections 27 to 29;

(b)any expenses incurred by any government department (including the Secretary of State) in the acquisition of land under sections 47 to 52 or in the payment of compensation under section 51(4) or 88(7) or under subsection (1);

(c)any administrative expenses incurred by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this Act.

(8)Any sums received by the Secretary of State under this Act shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C112S. 90(2)–(4) applied (with modifications) by S.I. 1990/1519, reg. 12, Sch. 3

Part IVE+W Supplemental

91 Interpretation.E+W

(1)In this Act, except in so far as the context otherwise requires—

  • building preservation notice” has the meaning given in section 3(1);

  • the Commission” means the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England;

  • conservation area” means an area for the time being designated under section 69;

  • conservation area consent” has the meaning given in section 74(1);

  • listed building” has the meaning given in section 1(5);

  • listed building consent” has the meaning given in section 8(7);

  • listed building enforcement notice” has the meaning given in section 38(1);

  • listed building purchase notice” has the meaning given in section 32(1);

  • local planning authority” shall be construed in accordance with section 81;

  • prescribed”, except in relation to matters expressly required or authorised by this Act to be prescribed in some other way, means prescribed by regulations under this Act;

  • the principal Act” means the M22Town and Country Planning Act 1990;

  • town scheme agreement” has the meaning given in section 79.

(2)Subject to subsections (6) and (7) and except in so far as the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the same meaning as in the principal Act—

  • “the 1962 Act”

  • “acquiring authority”

  • “the Broads”

  • “building”

  • “compulsory acquisition”

  • “development”

  • “development order”

  • “development plan”

  • “disposal”

  • “enactment”

  • “functions”

  • “government department”

  • “joint planning board”

  • “land”

  • “lease”

  • “local authority”

  • “London borough”

  • “minerals”

  • “Minister”

  • “new development”

  • “owner”

  • “the planning Acts”

  • “planning permission”

  • “public gas supplier”

  • “use”

  • “Valuation Office”,

but this subsection does not affect the meaning of “owner” in section 11.

(3)In this Act “statutory undertakers” has the same meaning as in the principal Act except that—

(a)in sections 33 to 36 it shall be deemed to include references to a public telecommunications operator;

(b)in sections 33 to 36, 51(2)(a) and 90(2) it shall be deemed to include the Post Office, the Civil Aviation Authority, a public gas supplier, a holder of a licence under section 6 of the M23Electricity Act 1989, the National Rivers Authority and every water or sewerage undertaker.

(4)References in the planning Acts to any of the provisions mentioned in section 82 include, except where the context otherwise requires, references to those provisions as modified under that section.

(5)Words in this Act importing a reference to service of a notice to treat shall be construed as including a reference to the constructive service of such a notice which, by virtue of any enactment, is to be deemed to be served.

(6)In sections 33 to 36, 53(1) 54, 55 and 88(3) “local authority”, in relation to a building or land in the Broads, includes the Broads Authority.

(7)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b) of section 57 and subsection (2) of that section as it applies for the purposes of that subsection the definition of “building” in the principal Act shall apply with the omission of the words “but does not include any plant or machinery comprised in a building”.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

92 Application of Act to Isles of Scilly.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State shall, after consultation with the Council of the Isles of Scilly, by order provide for the application to those Isles of the provisions of this Act specified in subsection (2) as if those Isles were a separate county.

(2)The provisions referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)sections 1(1) to (5), 2(1) to (3) [F941(8)], 51, 52, 64, 65, 66(2), 82(1) and (4)(b), 83, 84, 86 (except subsection (2)(a)), 87, 88 (except subsection (3)), 90(1) to (4) and any other provisions of the planning Acts in so far as they apply, or have effect for the purposes of, any of those provisions; and

(b)sections 1(6), 3, 4, 5, 7 to 29, 32 to 50 (except 39(6) and 42(6)), 60(1) to (4), 61, 66(1), 67(2)(b),(6) and (7), 73(1) (so far as it applies to section 67(2)(b), (6) and (7)), 75(1), (5) and (6), 82(2), (3) and (4)(a) and Schedules 1, 2 and 3.

(3)The Secretary of State, may, after consultation with the Council of the Isles of Scilly, by order provide for the application to those Isles of sections 2(4) and (5), 53 to 55, 59, 67(1) to (6), 69 to 72, 73(1), 74 to 76 and 88(3) and paragraph 4 of Schedule 4 as if those Isles were a separate county or district.

(4)Any order under this section may provide for the application of provisions to the Isles subject to such modifications as may be specified in the order.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

93 Regulations and orders.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations under this Act—

(a)for prescribing the form of any notice, order or other document authorised or required by any of the provisions of this Act to be served, made or issued by any local authority [F10or National Park authority];

(b)for any purpose for which regulations are authorised or required to be made under this Act.

(2)Any power conferred by this Act to make regulations shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

(3)Any statutory instrument containing regulations made under this Act shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)The power to make orders under sections 8(5), 60, 75(7) and 92 shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

(5)Any statutory instrument which contains an order under section 60 or 75(7) shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(6)Any order under section 60 or 75(7) may contain such supplementary and incidental provisions as may appear to the Secretary of State appropriate.

(7)Without prejudice to section 14 of the M24Interpretation Act 1978, any power conferred by this Act to make an order shall include power to vary or revoke any such order by a subsequent order.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

94 Short title, commencement and extent.E+W

(1)This Act may be cited as the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.

(2)Except as provided in Schedule 4 to the M25Planning (Consequential Provisions) Act 1990, this Act shall come into force at the end of the period of three months beginning with the day on which it is passed.

(3)This Act extends to England and Wales only.

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Marginal Citations

SCHEDULES

Section 1(6).

SCHEDULE 1E+W Buildings Formerly Subject to Building Preservation Orders

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

1Subject to paragraph 2, every building which immediately before lst January 1969 was subject to a building preservation order under Part III of the 1962 Act, but was not then included in a list compiled or approved under section 32 of that Act, shall be deemed to be a listed building.E+W

2(1)The Secretary of State may at any time direct, in the case of any building, that paragraph 1 shall no longer apply to it.E+W

(2)The local planning authority in whose area a building in respect of which such a direction is given is situated shall, on being notified of the direction, give notice of it to the owner and occupier of the building.

(3)Before giving such a direction in relation to a building situated in England, the Secretary of State shall consult with the Commission who shall in turn consult with the local planning authority and the owner and occupier of the building.

(4)Before giving such a direction in relation to a building not situated in England, the Secretary of State shall consult with the local planning authority and the owner and occupier of the building.

3In the case of a building to which paragraph 1 applies—E+W

(a)a notice of appeal under section 20 may include a claim that the Secretary of State should give a direction under paragraph 2 with respect to the building and on such an appeal the Secretary of State may give such a direction; and

(b)such a direction may also be given on an appeal under section 39.

Section 5.

SCHEDULE 2E+W Lapse of Building Preservation Notices

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

1This Schedule applies where a building preservation notice ceases to be in force by virtue of—E+W

(a)the expiry of the six month period mentioned in subsection (3)(b) of section 3; or

(b)the service of a notification by the Secretary of State under subsection (4)(b) of that section.

2The fact that the notice has ceased to be in force shall not affect the liability of any person to be prosecuted and punished for an offence under section 9 or 43 committed with respect to the building while it was in force.E+W

3Any proceedings on or arising out of an application for listed building consent with respect to the building made while the notice was in force and any such consent granted while it was in force shall lapse.E+W

4(1)Any listed building enforcement notice served by the local planning authority while the building preservation notice was in force shall cease to have effect.

(2)Any proceedings on it under sections 38 to 40 shall lapse.

(3)Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (1), section 42(1) and (2) shall continue to have effect as respects any expenses incurred by the local authority, owner or occupier as mentioned in that section and with respect to any sums paid on account of such expenses.

Sections 22 and 40.

SCHEDULE 3E+W Determination of Certain Appeals by Person Appointed by Secretary of State

Determination of appeals by appointed personE+W

1(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations prescribe the classes of appeals under sections 20 and 39 which are to be determined by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose instead of by the Secretary of State.E+W

(2)Appeals of a prescribed class shall be so determined except in such classes of case as may for the time being be prescribed or as may be specified in directions given by the Secretary of State.

(3)Regulations made for the purpose of this paragraph may provide for the giving of publicity to any directions given by the Secretary of State under this paragraph.

(4)This paragraph shall not affect any provision in this Act or any instrument made under it that an appeal shall lie to, or a notice of appeal shall be served on, the Secretary of State.

(5)A person appointed under this paragraph is referred to in this Schedule as “an appointed person”.

Powers and duties of appointed personE+W

2(1)An appointed person shall have the same powers and duties—

(a)in relation to an appeal under section 20, as the Secretary of State has under subsection (1) of section 22 and paragraph 2 of Schedule 1; and

(b)in relation to an appeal under section 39, as he has under section 41(1), (2), (5) or (6) and paragraph 2 of Schedule 1.

(2)Sections 22(2) and 40(2) shall not apply to an appeal which falls to be determined by an appointed person, but before it is determined the Secretary of State shall ask the appellant and the local planning authority whether they wish to appear before and be heard by the appointed person.

(3)If both the parties express a wish not to appear and be heard the appeal may be determined without their being heard.

(4)If either of the parties expresses a wish to appear and be heard, the appointed person shall give them both an opportunity of doing so.

(5)Where an appeal has been determined by an appointed person, his decision shall be treated as that of the Secretary of State.

(6)Except as provided by sections 62 to 65, the validity of that decision shall not be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever.

(7)It shall not be a ground of application to the High Court under section 63, or of appeal to the High Court under section 65, that an appeal ought to have been determined by the Secretary of State and not by an appointed person, unless the appellant or the local planning authority challenge the appointed person’s power to determine the appeal before his decision on the appeal is given.

(8)Where in any enactment (including this Act) there is a reference to the Secretary of State in a context relating or capable of relating—

(a)to an appeal under section 20 or 39, or

(b)to anything done or authorised or required to be done by, to or before the Secretary of State on or in connection with any such appeal,

then so far as the context permits it shall be construed, in relation to an appeal determined or falling to be determined by an appointed person, as a reference to him.

Determination of appeals by Secretary of StateE+W

3(1)The Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, direct that an appeal which would otherwise fall to be determined by an appointed person shall instead be determined by the Secretary of State.E+W

(2)Such a direction shall state the reasons for which it is given and shall be served on the appellant, the local planning authority, any person who made representations relating to the subject matter of the appeal which the authority were required to take into account by regulations made under section 11(4) and, if any person has been appointed under paragraph 1, on him.

(3)Where in consequence of such a direction an appeal under section 20 or 39 falls to be determined by the Secretary of State himself, the provisions of this Act which are relevant to the appeal shall, subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, apply to the appeal as if this Schedule had never applied to it.

(4)The Secretary of State shall give the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who has made such representations as are referred to in sub-paragraph (2) an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for that purpose if—

(a)the reasons for the direction raise matters with respect to which any of those persons have not made representations; or

(b)in the case of the appellant and the local planning authority, either of them was not asked in pursuance of paragraph 2(2) whether they wished to appear before and be heard by the appointed person, or expressed no wish in answer to that question, or expressed a wish to appear and be heard but was not given an opportunity of doing so.

(5)Except as provided by sub-paragraph (4), the Secretary of State need not give any person an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed for the purpose, or of making fresh representations or making or withdrawing any representations already made.

(6)In determining the appeal the Secretary of State may take into account any report made to him by any person previously appointed to determine it.

4(1)The Secretary of State may by a further direction revoke a direction under paragraph 3 at any time before the determination of the appeal.E+W

(2)Such a further direction shall state the reasons for which it is given and shall be served on the person, if any, previously appointed to determine the appeal, the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who made representations relating to the subject matter of the appeal which the authority were required to take into account by regulations made under section 11(4).

(3)Where such a further direction has been given the provisions of this Schedule relevant to the appeal shall apply, subject to sub-paragraph (4), as if no direction under paragraph 3 had been given.

(4)Anything done by or on behalf of the Secretary of State in connection with the appeal which might have been done by the appointed person (including any arrangements made for the holding of a hearing or local inquiry) shall unless that person directs otherwise, be treated as having been done by him.

Appointment of another person to determine appealE+W

5(1)At any time before the appointed person has determined the appeal the Secretary of State may—E+W

(a)revoke his appointment; and

(b)appoint another person under paragraph 1 to determine the appeal instead.

(2)Where such a new appointment is made the consideration of the appeal or any inquiry or other hearing in connection with it shall be begun afresh.

(3)Nothing in sub-paragraph (2) shall require—

(a)the question referred to in paragraph 2(2) to be asked again with reference to the new appointed person if before his appointment it was asked with reference to the previous appointed person (any answers being treated as given with reference to the new appointed person); or

(b)any person to be given an opportunity of making fresh representations or modifying or withdrawing any representations already made.

Local inquiries and hearingsE+W

6(1)Whether or not the parties to an appeal have asked for an opportunity to appear and be heard, an appointed person—

(a)may hold a local inquiry in connection with the appeal; and

(b)shall do so if the Secretary of State so directs.

(2)Where an appointed person—

(a)holds a hearing by virtue of paragraph 2(4); or

(b)holds an inquiry by virtue of this paragraph,

an assessor may be appointed by the Secretary of State to sit with the appointed person at the hearing or inquiry to advise him on any matters arising, notwithstanding that the appointed person is to determine the appeal.

(3)Subject to sub-paragraph (4), the costs of any such hearing or inquiry shall be paid by the Secretary of State.

(4)Section 250(2) to (5) of the M26Local Government Act 1972 (local inquiries: evidence and costs) applies to an inquiry held by virtue of this paragraph with the following adaptations—

(a)for the references in subsection (4) (recovery of costs of holding the inquiry) to the Minister causing the inquiry to be held, there shall be substituted references to the Secretary of State; and

(b)for the reference in subsection (5) (orders as to the costs of the parties) to the Minister causing the inquiry to be held, there shall be substituted a reference to the appointed person or the Secretary of State.

(5)Subject to sub-paragraph (6), at any such inquiry oral evidence shall be heard in public and documentary evidence shall be open to public inspection.

(6)If the Secretary of State is satisfied in the case of any such inquiry—

(a)that giving evidence of a particular description or, as the case may be, making it available for inspection would be likely to result in the disclosure of information as to any of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (7); and

(b)that the public disclosure of that information would be contrary to the national interest,

he may direct that evidence of the description indicated in the direction shall only be heard or, as the case may be, open to inspection at that inquiry by such persons or persons of such descriptions as he may specify in that direction.

(7)The matters referred to in sub-paragraph (6)(a) are—

(a)national security; and

(b)the measures taken or to be taken to ensure the security of any premises or property.

[F11(8)The appointed person or the Secretary of State has the same power to make orders under section 250(5) of the M27Local Government Act 1972 (orders with respect to costs of the parties) in relation to proceedings under this Schedule which do not give rise to an inquiry as he has in relation to such an inquiry.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

Supplementary provisionsE+W

7(1)The M28Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971 shall apply to a local inquiry or other hearing held in pursuance of this Schedule as it applies to a statutory inquiry held by the Secretary of State, but as if in section 12(1) of that Act (statement of reasons for decisions) the reference to any decision taken by the Secretary of State were a reference to a decision taken by an appointed person.

(2)Where an appointed person is an officer of the Department of the Environment or the Welsh Office the functions of determining an appeal and doing anything in connection with it conferred on him by this Schedule shall be treated for the purposes of the M29Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967—

(a)if he was appointed by the Secretary of State for the time being having general responsibility in planning matters in relation to England, as functions of that Department; and

(b)if he was appointed by the Secretary of State for the time being having general responsibility in planning matters in relation to Wales, as functions of the Welsh Office.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Section 81.

SCHEDULE 4E+W Further Provisions as to exercise of functions by different authorities

1Subsection (3) of section 1 of the principal Act (which provides that outside London, the metropolitan counties and the Isles of Scilly planning functions are exercisable by both county and district planning authorities) shall have effect subject to paragraphs 2, 4 and 5, and that section and section 2 of the principal Act (joint planning boards) shall have effect subject to paragraph 3.

2Subject to sections 4, 6, 7 and 8 of the principal Act (which make provision as to the exercise of planning functions in National Parks, enterprise zones, urban development areas and housing action areas) and to the following provisions, outside Greater London the functions of a local planning authority under sections 7 to 26, 38, 42, paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 1 and Schedule 2 shall be exercised by the district planning authority.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

3(1)Any application for listed building consent under section 10 shall, if relating to land in a National Park, be made to the district planning authority who shall, unless it falls to be determined by them, send it on to the county planning authority.

(2)Where any such application relating to land in a National Park falls to be determined by a county planning authority, that authority shall before determining it consult with the district planning authority for the area in which the land to which the application relates is situated.

4(1)Subject to sections 4(3) and (4), 6, 7 and 8 of the principal Act, the functions of a local planning authority under sections 67(2) and (3), 69, 70 and 74 and paragraph 2(3) and (4) of Schedule 1 shall be exercisable—

(a)in Greater London or a metropolitan county, by the local planning authority;

(b)in any part of a National Park outside a metropolitan county, by the county planning authority; and

(c)elsewhere, by the district planning authority;

but outside a National Park a county planning authority shall also have power to make determinations and designations under section 69.

(2)Before making a determination under section 69 a county planning authority shall consult the council of each district of which any part is included in the area to which the proposed determination relates.

(3)Where it is the duty of the district planning authority to take the steps required by section 67(2) in relation to an application which falls to be determined by the county planning authority, the district planning authority shall as soon as possible after taking those steps notify the county planning authority of the steps which they have taken and the date on which they took them.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

5For the purposes of sections 3 and 4, 7 to 26, 38, 42, 56, 66(1), 67, 69 to 75, 82, 84 and 88(2)(c) and (d) and the provisions of this Schedule so far as they relate to those provisions, the Broads Authority shall be the sole district planning authority in respect of the Broads, and in relation to a building or land within the Broads—

(a)the references to the district planning authority in section 2(1)(b)(iii) and in paragraph 4(1)(c) of this Schedule, so far as that paragraph relates to paragraph 2(3) and (4) of Schedule 1, include that Authority; and

(b)for the purposes of sections 6 and 88(2)(a) and (b) “local planning authority” includes that Authority.

6The validity of any consent or determination granted or made or purported to be granted or made by a local planning authority in respect of an application for listed building consent or conservation area consent shall not be called in question in any legal proceedings, or in any proceedings under this Act which are not legal proceedings, on the ground that the consent or determination should have been granted or made by some other local planning authority.E+W

7(1)The Secretary of State may from time to time direct a district planning authority to submit to him for his approval within a period specified in the direction the arrangements which the authority propose to make to obtain specialist advice in connection with their functions under sections 3, 4, 8, 10 to 26, 38, 42, 66(1), 69 to 72, 74 and 75.E+W

(2)If the Secretary of State is not satisfied about any such arrangements he may direct the district planning authority and another local planning authority specified in the direction—

(a)to enter into an agreement under section 113 of the M30Local Government Act 1972 for the placing at the disposal of the district planning authority, for the purpose of giving them any such specialist advice, of the services of officers employed by that other authority who are qualified to give such advice; or

(b)to enter into arrangements, containing terms specified in the direction or terms on lines laid down by him, for the discharge by that other authority of any of those functions.

(3)Before giving a direction under sub-paragraph (2) the Secretary of State shall consult with the district planning authority and the other authority concerned.

Table of Derivations

Notes:

1. The following abbreviations are used in this Table:—

1953 c. 49 =The Historic Buildings and Ancient Monuments Act 1953
1962 c. 36 =The Local Authorities (Historic Buildings) Act 1962
1969 c. 22 =The Redundant Churches and Other Religious Buildings Act 1969
1969 c. 48 =The Post Office Act 1969
1971 c. 78 =The Town and Country Planning Act 1971
1972 c. 42 =The Town and Country Planning (Amendment) Act 1972
1972 c. 70 =The Local Government Act 1972
1974 c. 7 =The Local Government Act 1974
1974 c. 32 =The Town and Country Amenities Act 1974
1975 c. 10 =The Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1975
1975 c. 76 =The Local Land Charges Act 1975
1977 c. 38 =The Administration of Justice Act 1977
1978 c. 30 =The Interpretation Act 1978
1979 c. 46 =The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979
1980 c. 43 =The Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980
1980 c. 65 =The Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980
1981 c. 41 =The Local Government and Planning (Amendment) Act 1981
1981 c. 54 =The Supreme Court Act 1981
1981 c. 67 =The Acquisition of Land Act 1981
1982 c. 16 =The Civil Aviation Act 1982.
1982 c. 21 =The Planning Inquiries (Attendance of Public) Act 1982
1982 c. 30 =The Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1982
1982 c. 48 =The Criminal Justice Act 1982
1983 c. 47 =The National Heritage Act 1983
1984 c. 10 =The Town and Country Planning Act 1984
1984 c. 12 =The Telecommunications Act 1984
1985 c. 51 =The Local Government Act 1985
1986 c. 44 =The Gas Act 1986
1986 c. 63 =The Housing and Planning Act 1986
1987 c. 3 =The Coal Industry Act 1987
1988 c. 4 =The Norfolk and Suffolk Broads Act 1988
1989 c. 15 =The Water Act 1989
1989 c. 29 =The Electricity Act 1989

2. The Table does not show the effect of Transfer of Function orders.

3. The letter R followed by a number indicates that the provision gives effect to the Recommendation bearing that number in the Law Commission’s Report on the Consolidation of Certain Enactments relating to Town and Country Planning (Cmnd. 958).

4. The entry “drafting” indicates a provision of a mechanical or editorial nature only affecting the arrangement of the consolidation.

ProvisionDerivation
1 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 54(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 16(2).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 54(1)(part); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 16(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 54(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 54(3); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 16(3).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 54(9); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 1(1).
(6)Drafting.
2 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 54(4),(5); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3), Sch. 16 para. 28, Sch. 30; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(3); R 34.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 54(6); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 30; 1975 c. 76 Sch. 1.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 54(7); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3), Sch. 30.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 54(8).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 54(8); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(3); R 34.
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 54(8);1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(3).
3 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 58(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 12; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 58(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 12; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 58(3); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 12; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 58(3); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 12; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 58(4)(part).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 58(5)(a); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 12; 1985 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 58(5)(b); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 12; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(8)1971 c. 78 s. 58(7); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5)(c).
4 (1) to (3)1971 c. 78 s. 58(6); 1972 c. 42 s. 7(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 58(7); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(5)(c).
5Drafting
6 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 54A(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 5.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 54A(2); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 5; R 35.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 54A(3); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 5.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 54A(4); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 5; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(4).
71971 c. 78 s. 55(1)(part); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 6(1).
8(1), (2)1971 c. 78 s. 55(2);1980 c. 65 Sch. 34,Pt X; R 36.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 55(2A); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 6(2).
(4) to (6)1971 c. 78 s. 55(3).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 55(3A); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 6(3).
9 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 55(1)(part).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 55(4); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 19.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 55(6); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 2(1).
(4), (5)1971 c. 78 s. 55(5); 1980 c. 43 s. 32(2); 1982 c. 48 s. 74(1).
10 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 56(6) (part), Sch. 11 para. 1(1A) (part); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 9.
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 1(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 9.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 1(1A); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 9.
11 (1) to (5)1971 c. 78 ss. 27(1) (except (cc)), (2),(4), 29(3), Sch. 11 para. 2(1).
(6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 2(2); 1982 c. 48 ss. 38, 46.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 27(7), Sch. 11 para. 2(1).
12 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 4(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 4(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 4(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 4(4).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 4(5).
13 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 5(1), (3); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 5(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 5(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 10(1).
14 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(2); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(3); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(5); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(4),(6); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1 (17)(b); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 10.
(6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(3),(4); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 10.
(7)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(5); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
(8)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(7); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
(9)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 6(8); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(b).
15 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 7(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 11(2).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 7(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(17)(c).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 7(1A); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 11(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 7(1B); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 11(3).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 7(2).
(6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 7(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 11(4).
16 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 56(3)(part),(4); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 9.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 56(3) (part); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 8.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 1(2).
17 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 56(4A); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 9.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 56(4B); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 3(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 56(5); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 10.
18 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 56A(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 11.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 56A(2); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 11.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 56A(5); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 11.
19 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 56B(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 4.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 56B(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 4.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 56B(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 4.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 56B(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 4.
20 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 56B(2)(part), Sch. 11 para. 8(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 3(2), para. 4.
(2), (3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 9; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 3(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 9(1) (part); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 3(3); R 8(a).
21 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(1), 9; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 3(2),(3).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(1),9; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 3(2),(3).
(3), (4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(2) (part).
(5), (6)1971 c. 78 s. 56B(2)(part), Sch. 11 para. 2(part); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 4.
(7)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 2(2); 1982 c. 48 ss. 38, 46.
22 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(3).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(4).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(5).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 8(6).
23 (1), (2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 10(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 10(4).
24 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 10(2) (part).
(2) to (4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 10(3).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 10(2) (part).
25 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 12(1), (6); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 25.
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 12(2),(3),(4); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 34 Pt. X.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 12(5).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 12(2)(a).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 12(2)(b).
261971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 11; 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(14).
27 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 171(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 171(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 171(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 171(4).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 173(1) (part),(2).
28 (1),(2)1971 c. 78 s. 172(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 172(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 172(2).
29 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 173(1),(3).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 173(3).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 173(4).
30 (1)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 34(1),(2); R 37.
(2)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 34(3).
(3)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 52.
31 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 178(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 178(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 178(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 179(1).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 179(2).
32 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 190(1),(3),(5); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3); 1975 c. 10 Sch. Pt. XII.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 190(1); 1975 c. 10 Sch. Pt. XII.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 190(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 190(2).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 190(3),drafting.
33 (1),(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 1(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 5(2)(a).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 1(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 1(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 5(2)(b).
34 (1)1971 c. 78, s. 182(1), Sch. 19 para. 1(3).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 182(2), Sch. 19 para. 1(3); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 paras. 37, 52.
(3),(4)1971 c. 78 s. 182(3), Sch. 19 para. 1(3).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 182(4), Sch. 19 para. 1(3).
35 (1),(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 2(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 2(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 2(3),(4).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 2(5),(6).
(6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 2(7).
(7)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 2(8).
36 (1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(3)(a).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(1).
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(3)(b); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 7(2).
(6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(3A); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 7(2).
(7)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(4); R 38.
(8)1971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 3(5); R 39.
371971 c. 78 Sch. 19 para. 4.
38 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 96(1),(2); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 96(1); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 96(3),(4); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 96(3); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(5) to (7)1971 c. 78 s. 96(5) to (7); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
39 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 97(1); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9; 1984 c. 10 s. 4(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 2(2).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 97(1),(2); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 97(9); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 97(3); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 97(8); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 110(2)(part).
(7)1984 c. 10 s. 4(2).
40 (1)1971 c. 78 ss. 88(5), 97(4); 1981 c. 41 Sch. paras. 1, 9.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 97(6); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 97(10); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
41 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 97A(1); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 97A(2); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 97(5); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 97(7); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 97A(3); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 97A(4); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 97A(5); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
42 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 99(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 99(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 ss. 91(3),(4), 99(3); 1974 c. 7 Sch. 8.
(4)1971 c. 78 ss. 91(3), 99(3).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 99(3).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 111.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 99(1).
43 (1)1971 c. 78 s. 98(1); 1980 c. 43 s. 32(2),(9); 1982 c. 48 s. 74(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 98(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 98(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 98(4); 1980 c. 43 s. 32(2),(9); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 10; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 13.
44(1)1971 c. 78 s. 99A(1), (2); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 17.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 99A(3); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 17.
451971 c. 78 s. 99B; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(7).
46(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 100(1), 276(5A); 1981 c. 41 Sch. paras. 11, 24; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 17.
(2)1971 c. 78 ss. 100(1), 276(5A); 1981 c. 41 Sch. paras. 11, 24; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 17; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 17.
(3)1971 c. 78 ss. 100(1), 276(5A); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 11; 1983 c. 47 Sch.4 para. 17; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 17.
(4)1971 c. 78 ss. 100(2), 276(5B); 1981 c. 41 Sch. paras. 11, 24; R 40.
(5)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 paras. 47(2), 52.
47(1)1971 c. 78 s. 114(1) to (3); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 30; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(9); 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 para. 15.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 114(5); 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 1, Sch. 6 Pt. I.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 114(3A), (4); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 19; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(9).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 114(6); 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 21(1),(2); R 41.
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 114(6); 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 21(1),(2).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 114(7).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 114(1), (1A); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3),Sch. 16 paras. 31, 52; 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 para. 16.
48(1)1971 c. 78 s. 115(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(10)(a).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 115(2); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(10)(b).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 115(3); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(10)(b).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 115(3A); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 20; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(10)(c).
(5)1971 c. 78 ss. 180(5), 190(4); R 12.
(6)1971 c. 78 ss. 115(4), 180(6), 190(4); 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 21(3); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(10)(d); R 12, R 41.
(7)1971 c. 78 ss. 114(1), 115(5); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3), Sch. 16 paras. 31, 52; 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 para. 16.
491971 c. 78 s. 116; 1974 c. 32 s. 6.
50(1)1971 c. 78 s. 117(1), (8); 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(8); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(11)(a); 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 para. 17; R 42.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 117(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 117(3); 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(8); 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 21(4)(b); R 41.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 117(4).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 117(4).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 117(5); 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(8), Sch. 8; 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 21(5)(b); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(11)(b).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 117(5).
(8)1971 c. 78 s. 117(6).
(9)1971 c. 78 s. 117(7).
51(1)1971 c. 78 s. 118(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 118(2); 1984 c. 12 Sch. 4 para. 53(3).
(3) to (5)1971 c. 78 s. 118(3) to (5).
52(1)1971 c. 78 s. 119(1); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3), Sch. 16 paras. 31, 52, Sch. 30.
(2)1971 c. 78 ss. 119(3), 132(4)(a),(c).
53(1)1971 c. 78 s. 126(1); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 paras. 31, 52; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(12); R 43.
(2)1953 c. 49 s. 5(3); 1971 c. 78 s. 126(2).
(3)1953 c. 49 s. 5(3A); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 6(2).
54(1)1971 c. 78 s. 101(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 101(1),(5)(c); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 101(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 101(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(5),(6)1971 c. 78 s. 101(4); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 101(5)(a); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
55(1) to (5)1971 c. 78 s. 101A(1) to (5); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 111; R 40.
561971 c. 78 s. 56C(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 6(1).
57(1) to (3)1962 c. 36 s. 1(1).
(4),(5)1962 c. 36 s. 1(2).
(6)1962 c. 36 s. 1(3).
(7)1962 c. 36 s. 1(4),(5); 1988 c. 4. Sch. 3 para. 4.
58(1)1962 c. 36 s. 2(1).
(2),(3)1962 c. 36 s. 2(2).
(4)1962 c. 36 s. 2(2); R 44.
(5)1962 c. 36 s. 2(3); R 45.
59(1)1971 c. 78 s. 57(1)(part); 1982 c. 48 ss. 38, 46.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 57(1)(part).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 57(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 57(3); 1982 c. 48 ss. 38, 46; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 13.
60(1) to (3)1971 c. 78 ss. 56(1), 57(1), 58(2), 101(3), 114(3); 1979 c. 46 Sch. 4 para. 11; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 56(1)(a).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 58AA(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(1).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 58AA(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(1).
(7)1969 c. 22 s. 2; 1971 c. 78 Sch. 23 Pt II; 1978 c. 30 ss. 17(2)(a), 22(3).
611971 c. 78 ss. 56(1)(part), 57(1), 58(2), 101(3), 114(3); 1979 c. 46 Sch. 4 para. 11; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
62(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 242(1)(d)(e),(2)(e).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 242(3)(h) to (k); 1982 c. 30 Sch. 6 para. 7(b).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 242(4).
63(1)1971 c. 78 s. 245(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 245(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 245(1), (2); R 25(b).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 245(4).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 245(6).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 245(7); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 46.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 245(3),(7); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 46; R 26.
641971 c. 78 s. 243(1)(b); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 18(1).
65(1)1971 c. 78 s. 246(1); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 19.
(2), (3)1971 c. 78 s. 246(2); 1981 c. 54 Sch. 5.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 246(3).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 246(4); 1977 c. 38 Sch. 5 Pt. IV.
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 246(5).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 246(6); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(13).
66(1)1971 c. 78 s. 56(3); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 8.
(2)1971 c. 78 ss. 125(1),(3),(4); 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(10).
(3)1980 c. 65 s. 119(3).
67(1)1971 c. 78 s. 28(1); 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(1); 1974 c. 32 s. 4(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 28(2); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 21(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 28(2A); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 15(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 28(2B); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 15(2).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 28(2C); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 15(2).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 28(3); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 15(3).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 29(4).
(8)1971 c. 78 s. 32(2) proviso.
68(1)1971 c. 78 s. 58A(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(6).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 58A(2); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(6).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 58A(3); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(6).
69(1)1971 c. 78 s. 277(1); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 277(2); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 26(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 277(4); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 277(9); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1975 c. 76 Sch. 1.
70(1)1971 c. 78 s. 277(10)(a); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(14)(b).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 277(5); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(14)(a).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 277(4)(part); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 277(5); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(14)(a).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 277(6), (6A); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 21.
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 277(6), (6A); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 21.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 277(6); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(8)1971 c. 78 s. 277(7); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
71(1)1971 c. 78 s. 277B(1); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 26(3).
(2), (3)1971 c. 78 s. 277B(2); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
721971 c. 78 s. 277(8); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
73(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 28(1) to (3), 29(4); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 21; 1974 c. 7 Sch. 6 para. 25(1); 1974 c. 32 s. 4(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 15(2), (3); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(2).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 32(2) proviso.
74(1)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(1),(2); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(7); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(8); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1984 c. 10 s. 4(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 8(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(9); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
75(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 58(2),277A(1); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1979 c. 46 Sch. 4 para. 11.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(4); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 26(2)(b).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(5); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(6); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(5)1971 c. 78 ss. 58(2),277A(1); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 56(1).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 58AA(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(1).
(8)1971 c. 78 s. 58AA(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(1).
(9)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(8),(9); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 8(2).
(10), (11)1971 c. 78 s. 277A(10); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1).
76(1)1971 c. 78 s. 101(1)(b), (2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 101(5)(b); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 7.
77(1)1972 c. 42 s. 10(1AA); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 22.
(2)1972 c. 42 s. 10(1); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 27; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 22.
(3)1972 c. 42 s. 10(1), (1AA); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 27; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 22.
(4)1972 c. 42 s. 10(2); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 22.
(5)1972 c. 42 s. 10(3A); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 22.
(6)1972 c. 42 s. 10(3); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 22.
(7)1972 c. 42 s. 10(4); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 6.
(8)1972 c. 42 s. 10(5).
(9)1972 c. 42 s. 10(5).
78(1)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(1); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 23(2).
(2)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(1),(4); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 23(2).
(3)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(2); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1).
(4)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(5); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 23(2), (3).
(5)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(7); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1).
(6)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(6); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1).
(7)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(3); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 23(2),(3).
(8)1972 c. 42 s. 10A(8); 1979 c. 46 s. 48(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 23(2); R 45.
79(1)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(3),(4); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(4),(5).
(2)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(3); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(4).
(3)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(11); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(11); 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 para. 27.
80(1)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(1A),(2); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(3).
(2)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(1),(2); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(2).
(3)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(5); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(6).
(4)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(6),(7); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(7).
(5)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(8); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(8).
(6)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(9); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(9).
(7)1972 c. 42 s. 10B(10)(part); 1980 c. 65 Sch. 15 para. 28; 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 24(10); R 44.
81Drafting
82(1)1971 c. 78 s. 270(1), Sch. 21 Pt. V.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 271; 1974 c. 32 s. 7(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 271, Sch. 21 Pt. VI; 1974 c. 32 s. 7(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 12; R 47, R 48.
(4)1971 c. 78 ss. 270(2)(b), 271; 1974 c. 32 s. 7(1); 1981 c. 41 Sch. paras. 21, 22.
83(1)1971 c. 78 s. 266(1)(part).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 266(2)(part); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 20.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 266(4); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 20.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 266(5).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 266(7).
(6)1984 c. 10 s. 4(1).
(7), (8)1971 c. 78 s. 266(7)
84(1)1984 c. 10 s. 1(1)(a).
(2)1984 c. 10 s. 1(2)
(3)1984 c. 10 s. 1(3).
(4)1984 c. 10 s. 1(5).
(5)1984 c. 10 s. 1(7).
(6)1984 c. 10 ss. 1(6), 6(1).
(7)1984 c. 10 s. 6(1).
(8)1984 c. 10 s. 4(1).
851971 c. 78 s. 273; 1987 c. 3 Sch. 1 para. 19; R 48.
86(1)1971 c. 78 s. 274(1); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 23; 1981 c. 67 Sch. 4 para. 1.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 274(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 274(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 274(5).
871971 c. 78 s. 275(2).
88(1)1971 c. 78 s. 280(2).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 280(1)(c),(3),(8),(10); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 25; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(16).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 280(4),(10); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(16); R 49.
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 280(6).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 280(7).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 280(9).
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 281.
89(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 282, 282A, 282B, 283, 284, 285; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 paras. 9, 10.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 285(1).
90(1)1971 c. 78 s. 254; R 50.
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 255(2).
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 255(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 255(5).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 263(1); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 29 Pt. I para. 3(b).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 263(1); R 47, R 48.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 260(1)(b)(f), (2).
(8)1971 c. 78 s. 262.
91(1)1971 c. 78 s. 290(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 290(1); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 30; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 17; 1986 c. 63 Sch. 12 Pt III; 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 para. 25.
(3)1969 c. 48 Sch. 4 para. 93(1)(xxxiii); 1971 c. 78 s. 191A; 1982 c. 16 Sch. 2 para. 4; 1984 c. 12 Sch. 4 para. 53(5); 1986 c. 44 Sch. 7 para. 2; 1989 c. 15 Sch. 25 para. 1(1),(2); 1989 c. 29 Sch. 16 para. 1(1)(xxii).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 290(8).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 290(3).
(6)1971 c. 78 ss. 101(6), 126(3), 280(10), Sch. 19 para. 1(4); 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 paras. 14, 18, 23, 26.
(7)1962 c. 36 s. 1.
92(1)1971 c. 78 s. 269(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 269(1); 1984 c. 10 s. 6(3); R 47, R 48.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 269(3); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 269(4).
93(1)1971 c. 78 s. 287(1).
(2),(3)1971 c. 78 s. 287(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 287(4); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(2).
(5)1971 c. 78 s. 287(5)(b); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(2).
(6)1971 c. 78 s. 287(9); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 5(2); R 51.
(7)1971 c. 78 s. 287(3).
94Drafting.
Sch. 1 para. 11971 c. 78 s. 54(10).
para. 2(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 54(10).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 54(10); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3), Sch. 30.
(3)1971 c. 78 s. 54(12); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 16(5).
(4)1971 c. 78 s. 54(11); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 28(2); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 16(4); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(3).
para. 31971 c. 78 s. 97A(4)(c)(ii), Sch. 11 paras. 8(2)(a), (3)(b); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 9.
Sch. 2 para. 11971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 13.
para. 21971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 14.
para. 31971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 15.
para. 41971 c. 78 Sch. 11 para. 16.
Sch. 3 para. 1(1), (2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 1(1).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 1(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 1(3).
(5)Drafting.
para. 2(1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(1)(d), (f); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 27.
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(2); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 27.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(2)(a); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 27.
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(2)(b); 1981 c. 41 Sch. para. 27.
(5)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(3).
(6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(3)(a).
(7)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(3)(b).
(8)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 2(4).
para. 3(1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3(2); R 52.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3(3).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3(4); R 52.
(5), (6)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3(5).
para. 4(1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3A(1); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 11.
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3A(2); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 11; R 52.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3A(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 11.
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 3A(4); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 11.
para. 5(1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 4(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 4(2)(a).
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 4(2).
para. 6(1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 5(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 5(1A); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 12.
(3)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 5(2).
(4)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 5(3); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 8(2).
(5)1982 c. 21 s. 1(1).
(6)1982 c. 21 s. 1(2), (3).
(7)1982 c. 21 s. 1(4).
(8)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 5(4); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 11 para. 9(2).
para. 7(1)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 7(1).
(2)1971 c. 78 Sch. 9 para. 7(2).
Sch. 4 para. 1Drafting.
para. 21971 c. 78 s. 54(10); 1972 c. 70 s. 179(3), Sch. 16 paras. 25(1), 52; R 46.
para. 3(1)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 paras. 16(1), 52.
(2)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 paras. 16(2), 52.
para. 4(1)1971 c. 78 ss. 28(2), (2A), 54(11), (12), 277(10), 277A(11); 1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 paras. 21(1), 28; 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1983 c. 47 Sch. 4 para. 15; 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(2), (3), (14), (15); 1986 c. 63 Sch. 9 para. 8(3).
(2)1971 c. 78 s. 277(5); 1974 c. 32 s. 1(1); 1985 c. 51 Sch. 2 para. 1(14).
(3)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 21(2).
para. 51971 c. 78 ss. 54(13), 54A(4), 273A, 280(10); 1984 c. 10 s. 6(5),(6); 1985 c.51 Sch. 2 para. 1(16); 1988 c. 4 Sch. 3 paras. 7, 8, 12, 13, 23, 32.
para. 61972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 51(1); R 53.
para. 7(1)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 58.
(2)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 59; 1978 c. 30 s. 17(2)(a).
(3)1972 c. 70 Sch. 16 para. 59(part).
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