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Town and Country Planning Act 1990

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Changes over time for: Part III

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Town and Country Planning Act 1990, Part III is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 02 July 2020. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Part IIIE+W Control over development

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. III (ss. 55-106) except ss. 76, 90(2)(5) applied (with modifications) (17.7.1992) by S.I. 1992/1492, regs. 2(1)(b), 3-11

Pt. III (ss. 55-106): power to modify conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(1)(a); S.I. 1993/2762, art. 3

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) applied (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 42, s. 24(1) (with ss. 2, 30(1), Sch. 2 para.9)

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) extended (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 25, s. 96(2) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/2765, art. 2

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 20(3), Sch. 5 Pt. III paras. 15(1), 20 (with ss. 54(5)(7), 55(5), Sch. 17 paras. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1995/3198, art. 4, Sch. 2

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 9(1)(2)

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 51

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (2.4.2004) by The Docklands Light Railway (Woolwich Arsenal Extension) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/757), art. 20(1)

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (31.10.2005) by The London Thames Gateway Development Corporation (Planning Functions) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/2721), art. 4

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (25.11.2005) by The Docklands Light Railway (Capacity Enhancement) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/3105), art. 21(1) (with arts. 3(5), 15(3))

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) applied (7.6.2006) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 89, 121, Sch. 4 para. 3(2) (with s. 111); S.I. 2006/1281, art. 2

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (22.11.2006) by The Docklands Light Railway (Stratford International Extension) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2905), art. 17(1) (with art. 43)

Pt. III (ss. 55-106) modified (13.12.2006) by The Luton Dunstable Translink Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3118), art. 18(1)

C4Pt. III modified (22.7.2008) by Crossrail Act 2008 (c. 18), s. 10(1)

Meaning of developmentE+W

55 Meaning of “development” and “new development”.E+W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, in this Act, except where the context otherwise requires, “development,” means the carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land, or the making of any material change in the use of any buildings or other land.

F1[(1A) For the purposes of this Act “ building operations ” includes—

(a)demolition of buildings;

(b)rebuilding;

(c)structural alterations of or additions to buildings; and

(d)other operations normally undertaken by a person carrying on business as a builder.]

(2)The following operations or uses of land shall not be taken for the purposes of this Act to involve development of the land—

(a)the carrying out for the maintenance, improvement or other alteration of any building of works which—

(i)affect only the interior of the building, or

(ii)do not materially affect the external appearance of the building,

and are not works for making good war damage or works begun after 5th December 1968 for the alteration of a building by providing additional space in it underground;

(b)the carrying out on land within the boundaries of a road by a F2. . . highway authority of any works required for the maintenance or improvement of the road [F3but, in the case of any such works which are not exclusively for the maintenance of the road, not including any works which may have significant adverse effects on the environment];

(c)the carrying out by a local authority or statutory undertakers of any works for the purpose of inspecting, repairing or renewing any sewers, mains, pipes, cables or other apparatus, including the breaking open of any street or other land for that purpose;

(d)the use of any buildings or other land within the curtilage of a dwellinghouse for any purpose incidental to the enjoyment of the dwellinghouse as such;

(e)the use of any land for the purposes of agriculture or forestry (including afforestation) and the use for any of those purposes of any building occupied together with land so used;

(f)in the case of buildings or other land which are used for a purpose of any class specified in an order made by the Secretary of State under this section, the use of the buildings or other land or, subject to the provisions of the order, of any part of the buildings or the other land, for any other purpose of the same class.

F4[(g)the demolition of any description of building specified in a direction given by the Secretary of State to local planning authorities generally or to a particular local planning authority.]

[F5(2A) The Secretary of State may in a development order specify any circumstances or description of circumstances in which subsection (2) does not apply to operations mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection which have the effect of increasing the gross floor space of the building by such amount or percentage amount as is so specified.

(2B)The development order may make different provision for different purposes.]

(3)For the avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that for the purposes of this section—

(a)the use as two or more separate dwellinghouses of any building previously used as a single dwellinghouse involves a material change in the use of the building and of each part of it which is so used;

(b)the deposit of refuse or waste materials on land involves a material change in its use, notwithstanding that the land is comprised in a site already used for that purpose, if—

(i)the superficial area of the deposit is extended, or

(ii)the height of the deposit is extended and exceeds the level of the land adjoining the site.

(4)For the purposes of this Act mining operations include—

(a)the removal of material of any description—

(i)from a mineral-working deposit;

(ii)from a deposit of pulverised fuel ash or other furnace ash or clinker; or

(iii)from a deposit of iron, steel or other metallic slags; and

(b)the extraction of minerals from a disused railway embankment.

F6[(4A)Where the placing or assembly of any tank in any part of any inland waters for the purpose of fish farming there would not, apart from this subsection, involve development of the land below, this Act shall have effect as if the tank resulted from carrying out engineering operations over that land; and in this subsection—

  • fish farming ” means the breeding, rearing or keeping of fish or shellfish (which includes any kind of crustacean and mollusc);

  • inland waters ” means waters which do not form part of the sea or of any creek, bay or estuary or of any river as far as the tide flows; and

  • tank ” includes any cage and any other structure for use in fish farming. ]

(5)Without prejudice to any regulations made under the provisions of this Act relating to the control of advertisements, the use for the display of advertisements of any external part of a building which is not normally used for that purpose shall be treated for the purposes of this section as involving a material change in the use of that part of the building.

F7(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 55(2)(f); s. 55(2)(f) (with s. 333(7)) power exercised (5.7.1991) by S.I. 1991/1567

Textual Amendments

F2Word in s. 55(2)(b) repealed (7.6.2006) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 118, 120, 121, Sch. 6 para. 1, Sch. 9{with s. 111}; S.I. 2006/1281, art. 2

F3Words in s. 55(2)(b) inserted (14.3.1999) by S.I. 1999/293, reg. 35(1)7

F4S. 55(2)(g) inserted (25.11.1991 for certain purposes and otherwise 27.7.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 13(2) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2728, art. 2; S.I. 1992/1279, art. 2 (with art. 3)

F5S. 55(2A)(2B) inserted (6.8.2004 for specified purposes, 10.5.2006 for E. so far as not already in force, 22.6.2015 for W. so far as not already in force) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 49(1), 121(1)-(3) (with ss. 49(4), 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2006/1061, art. 2(b); S.I. 2015/340, art. 2(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 55(2) excluded by S.I. 2012/801, art. 2A (as inserted (W.) (22.6.2015) by The Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure) (Wales) (Amendment) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/1330), arts. 1(1), 4 (with art. 12))

56 Time when development begun.E+W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, for the purposes of this Act development of land shall be taken to be initiated—

(a)if the development consists of the carrying out of operations, at the time when those operations are begun;

(b)if the development consists of a change in use, at the time when the new use is instituted;

(c)if the development consists both of the carrying out of operations and of a change in use, at the earlier of the times mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b).

(2)For the purposes of the provisions of this Part mentioned in subsection (3) development shall be taken to be begun on the earliest date on which any material operation comprised in the development begins to be carried out.

(3)The provisions referred to in subsection (2) are sections [F861L(5) and (7),] 85(2), 86(6), 87(4), [F989] 91, 92 [F10, 94 and 108(3E)(c)(i)].

(4)In subsection (2) “material operation” means—

(a)any work of construction in the course of the erection of a building;

F11[(aa)any work of demolition of a building;]

(b)the digging of a trench which is to contain the foundations, or part of the foundations, of a building;

(c)the laying of any underground main or pipe to the foundations, or part of the foundations, of a building or to any such trench as is mentioned in paragraph (b);

(d)any operation in the course of laying out or constructing a road or part of a road;

(e)any change in the use of any land which constitutes material development.

(5)In subsection (4)(e) “material development” means any development other than—

(a)development for which planning permission is granted by a general development order [F12or a local development order] for the time being in force and which is carried out so as to comply with any condition or limitation subject to which planning permission is so granted;

[F13(b)development of a class specified in paragraph 1 or 2 of Schedule 3;] and

(c)development of any class prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

(6)In subsection (5) “general development order” means a development order (within the meaning of section 59) made as a general order applicable (subject to such exceptions as may be specified in it) to all land in England and Wales.

Textual Amendments

F8Words in s. 56(3) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 2(a); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4); S.I. 2013/797, arts. 1(2), 2

F10Words in s. 56(3) substituted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 2(b); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4); S.I. 2013/797, arts. 1(2), 2

F12Words in s. 56(5)(a) inserted (6.8.2004 for specified purposes, 10.5.2006 for E. so far as not already in force, 30.4.2012 for W. so far as not already in force) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), s. 40(2)(a) (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2006/1061, art. 2(a); S.I. 2012/1100, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13S. 56 applied (with modifications) (3.11.1995) by S.I. 1995/2863, reg. 3, Sch.

Requirement for planning permissionE+W

57 Planning permission required for development.E+W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, planning permission is required for the carrying out of any development of land.

[F14(1A)Subsection (1) is subject to section 33(1) of the Planning Act 2008 (exclusion of requirement for planning permission etc. for development for which development consent required).]

(2)Where planning permission to develop land has been granted for a limited period, planning permission is not required for the resumption, at the end of that period, of its use for the purpose for which it was normally used before the permission was granted.

(3)Where by a development order [F15, a local development order or a neighbourhood development order] planning permission to develop land has been granted subject to limitations, planning permission is not required for the use of that land which (apart from its use in accordance with that permission) is its normal use.

(4)Where an enforcement notice has been issued in respect of any development of land, planning permission is not required for its use for the purpose for which (in accordance with the provisions of this Part of this Act) it could lawfully have been used if that development had not been carried out.

(5)In determining for the purposes of subsections (2) and (3) what is or was the normal use of land, no account shall be taken of any use begun in contravention of this Part or of previous planning control.

(6)For the purposes of this section a use of land shall be taken to have been begun in contravention of previous planning control if it was begun in contravention of Part III of the 1947 Act, Part III of the 1962 Act or Part III of the 1971 Act.

(7)Subsection (1) has effect subject to Schedule 4 (which makes special provision about use of land on 1st July 1948).

Textual Amendments

F14S. 57(1A) inserted (1.3.2010) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 36, 241, Sch. 2 para. 35 (with s. 226); S.I. 2010/101, art. 2 (with art. 6)

F15Words in s. 57(3) substituted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 3; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C14S. 57(2) applied (with modifications) (9.4.2013) by The Hinkley Point C (Nuclear Generating Station) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/648), arts. 1, 10(2) (with arts. 48, 68, 79)

C15S. 57(2) applied (with modifications) (9.2.2016) by The National Grid (Hinkley Point C Connection Project) Order 2016 (S.I. 2016/49), arts. 1, 8 (with art. 32)

58 Granting of planning permission: general.E+W

(1)Planning permission may be granted—

(a)by a development order [F16, a local development order or a neighbourhood development order];

(b)by the local planning authority (or, in the cases provided in this Part, by the Secretary of State [F17or the Welsh Ministers]) on application to the authority [F18(or, in the cases provided in this Part, on application to the Secretary of State [F19or the Welsh Ministers])] in accordance with a development order;

(c)on the adoption or approval of a simplified planning zone scheme or alterations to such a scheme in accordance with section 82 or, as the case may be, section 86; or

(d)on the designation of an enterprise zone or the approval of a modified scheme under Schedule 32 to the M1Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980 in accordance with section 88 of this Act.

(2)Planning permission may also be deemed to be granted under section 90 (development with government authorisation).

(3)This section is without prejudice to any other provisions of this Act providing for the granting of permission.

Textual Amendments

F16Words in s. 58(1)(a) substituted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 4; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4); S.I. 2013/797, arts. 1(2), 2

F17Words in s. 58(1)(b) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 2(a); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

F18Words in s. 58(1)(b) inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 3; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

F19Words in s. 58(1)(b) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 2(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C17S. 58(1)(b) excluded (17.12.1996) by 1996 c. ix, s. 10(d)

Marginal Citations

[F20Permission in principleE+W

Textual Amendments

F20S. 58A and cross-heading inserted (12.7.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 150(1), 216(2)(c)

58APermission in principle: generalE+W

(1)Permission in principle may be granted for housing-led development of land in England as provided in section 59A.

(2)Permission in principle may not be granted for development consisting of the winning and working of minerals.

(3)For the effect of permission in principle, see section 70(2ZZA) to (2ZZC) (application for technical details consent must be determined in accordance with permission in principle, except after a prescribed period).

(4)A reference to permission in principle in any provision of this Act in its application to land in Wales, or in its application to functions of the Welsh Ministers or other authorities in Wales, is to be ignored.]

Development ordersE+W

59 Development orders: general.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State shall by order (in this Act referred to as a “development order”) provide for the granting of planning permission.

(2)A development order may either—

(a)itself grant planning permission for development specified in the order or for development of any class specified; or

(b)in respect of development for which planning permission is not granted by the order itself, provide for the granting of planning permission by the local planning authority (or, in the cases provided in the following provisions, by the Secretary of State [F21or the Welsh Ministers]) on application to the authority [F22(or, in the cases provided in the following provisions, on application to the Secretary of State [F23or the Welsh Ministers])] in accordance with the provisions of the order.

(3)A development order may be made either—

(a)as a general order applicable, except so far as the order otherwise provides, to all land, or

(b)as a special order applicable only to such land or descriptions of land as may be specified in the order.

[F24(4)In this Act, references to a development order are—

(a)in relation to England, references to a development order made by the Secretary of State;

(b)in relation to Wales, references to a development order made by the Welsh Ministers.]

Subordinate Legislation Made

P2S. 59: power previously exercised by S.I. 1990/2032

P3S. 59: s. 59 (with ss. 60(1), 61(1) and 333(7)) power exercised by S.I. 1991/1536

Textual Amendments

F21Words in s. 59(2)(b) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 3(a); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

F22Words in s. 59(2)(b) inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 4; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

F23Words in s. 59(2)(b) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 3(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

[F2559ADevelopment orders: permission in principleE+W

(1)A development order may either—

(a)itself grant permission in principle, in relation to land in England that is allocated for development in a qualifying document (whether or not in existence when the order is made) for development of a prescribed description; or

(b)provide for the granting by a local planning authority in England, on application to the authority in accordance with the provisions of the order, of permission in principle for development of a prescribed description.

(2)In this section—

  • prescribed” means prescribed in a development order;

  • qualifying document” means a document, as it has effect from time to time, which—

    (a)

    falls within subsection (3),

    (b)

    indicates that the land in question is allocated for development for the purposes of this section, and

    (c)

    contains prescribed particulars in relation to the land allocated and the kind of development for which it is allocated.

(3)The following documents fall within this subsection—

(a)a register maintained in pursuance of regulations under section 14A of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (“the 2004 Act”);

(b)a development plan document within the meaning of Part 2 of the 2004 Act (see section 37 of that Act);

(c)a neighbourhood development plan within the meaning given by section 38A of the 2004 Act.

(4)Permission in principle granted by a development order takes effect—

(a)when the qualifying document takes effect, if the land in question is allocated for development in the document at that time;

(b)otherwise, when the qualifying document is revised so that the land in question is allocated for development.

But a development order may provide that, if the local planning authority so directs, permission in principle does not take effect until the date specified by the local planning authority in the direction.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4)(a)—

(a)a register maintained in pursuance of regulations under section 14A of the 2004 Act takes effect when it is first published;

(b)a development plan document takes effect when it is adopted or approved under Part 2 of the 2004 Act;

(c)a neighbourhood development plan takes effect when it is made by the local planning authority.

(6)Permission in principle granted by a development order is not brought to an end by the qualifying document ceasing to have effect or being revised.

(7)Permission in principle granted by a development order ceases to have effect on the expiration of—

(a)five years beginning with the date on which it takes effect; or

(b)such other period (whether longer or shorter) beginning with that date as the local planning authority may direct.

(8)Permission in principle granted by a local planning authority ceases to have effect on the expiration of—

(a)three years beginning with the date on which it takes effect; or

(b)such other period (whether longer or shorter) beginning with that date as the local planning authority may direct.

(9)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend subsection (7)(a) or (8)(a) by substituting a shorter period for the period for the time being specified there.

(10)A development order—

(a)may make provision in relation to an application for planning permission for development of land in respect of which permission in principle has been granted;

(b)may require the local planning authority to prepare, maintain and publish a register containing prescribed information as to permissions in principle granted by a development order.

(11)In exercising a power of direction conferred by virtue of subsection (4), or conferred by subsection (7)(b) or (8)(b), a local planning authority must have regard to the provisions of the development plan and any other material considerations.

(12)In exercising any other function exercisable by virtue of this section, or in exercising any function in relation to an application for planning permission for development of land in respect of which permission in principle has been granted, a local planning authority must have regard to any guidance issued by the Secretary of State.

(13)In relation to an application for permission in principle which under any provision of this Part is made to, or determined by, the Secretary of State instead of the local planning authority, a reference in subsection (1) or (8) to a local planning authority has effect (as necessary) as a reference to the Secretary of State.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

60 Permission granted by development order.E+W

(1)Planning permission granted by a development order may be granted either unconditionally or subject to such conditions or limitations as may be specified in the order.

[F26(1A)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), where planning permission is granted by a development order for building operations in England, the order may require the approval of the local planning authority, or the Secretary of State, to be obtained—

(a)for those operations, or

(b)with respect to any matters that relate to those operations, or to the use of the land in question following those operations, and are specified in the order.]

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), where planning permission is granted by a development order for the erection, extension or alteration of any buildings [F27in Wales], the order may require the approval of the local planning authority to be obtained with respect to the design or external appearance of the buildings.

[F28(2A)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), where planning permission is granted by a development order for development consisting of a change in the use of land in England, the order may require the approval of the local planning authority, or of the Secretary of State, to be obtained—

(a)for the use of the land for the new use;

(b)with respect to matters that relate to the new use and are specified in the order.

(2B)Without prejudice to the generality of [F29subsections (1) and (1A)], a development order may include provision for ensuring—

(a)that, before a person in reliance on planning permission granted by the order carries out development of land in England that is a dwelling house or is within the curtilage of a dwelling house—

(i)a written description, and a plan, of the proposed development are given to the local planning authority,

(ii)notice of the proposed development, and of the period during which representations about it may be made to the local planning authority, is served by the local planning authority on the owner or occupier of any adjoining premises, and

(iii)that period has ended, and

(b)that, where within that period an owner or occupier of any adjoining premises objects to the proposed development, it may be carried out in reliance on the permission only if the local planning authority consider that it would not have an unacceptable impact on the amenity of adjoining premises.

(2C)In subsection (2B) “adjoining premises” includes any land adjoining—

(a)the dwelling house concerned, or

(b)the boundary of its curtilage.]

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), where planning permission is granted by a development order for development of a specified class, the order may enable the Secretary of State or the local planning authority to direct that the permission shall not apply either—

(a)in relation to development in a particular area, or

(b)in relation to any particular development.

(4)Any provision of a development order by which permission is granted for the use of land for any purpose on a limited number of days in a period specified in that provision shall (without prejudice to the generality of references in this Act to limitations) be taken to be a provision granting permission for the use of land for any purpose subject to the limitation that the land shall not be used for any one purpose in pursuance of that provision on more than that number of days in that period.

Subordinate Legislation Made

P4S. 60 power previously exercised by S.I. 1990/2032

P5S. 60(1): s. 59 (with ss. 60(1), 61(1) and 333(7)) power exercised by S.I. 1991/1536

Textual Amendments

F28S. 60(2A)-(2C) inserted (25.4.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 4(1), 35(2)

61 Development orders: supplementary provisions.E+W

(1)A general development order may make different provision with respect to different descriptions of land.

(2)For the purpose of enabling development to be carried out in accordance with planning permission, or otherwise for the purpose of promoting proper development in accordance with the development plan, a development order may direct that any pre 1947 Act enactment, or any regulations, orders or byelaws made at any time under any such enactment—

(a)shall not apply to any development specified in the order, or

(b)shall apply to it subject to such modifications as may be so specified.

(3)In subsection (2) “pre 1947 Act enactment” means—

(a)any enactment passed before 6th August 1947 (the date of the passing of the 1947 Act), and

(b)any enactment contained in the M2Highways Act 1980 which—

(i)is an enactment derived from the M3Highways Act 1959, and

(ii)re-enacts (with or without modifications) any such enactment as is mentioned in paragraph (a).

Subordinate Legislation Made

P6S. 61(1): s. 59 (with ss. 60(1), 61(1) and 333(7)) power exercised by S.I. 1991/1536

Marginal Citations

[F30Local development ordersE+W

Textual Amendments

F30Ss. 61A-61C and preceding cross-heading inserted (6.8.2004 for certain purposes, 10.5.2006 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 40(1), 121 (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2006/ 1061, {art. 2}

61ALocal development ordersE+W

(1)[F31A local planning authority may by order (a local development order) make provision to implement policies—

(a)in one or more development plan documents (within the meaning of Part 2 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004);

(b)in a local development plan (within the meaning of Part 6 of that Act).]

(2)[F32A local planning authority may by order (a local development order)] grant planning permission—

(a)for development specified in the order;

(b)for development of any class so specified.

(3)A local development order may relate to—

(a)all land in the area of the relevant authority;

(b)any part of that land;

(c)a site specified in the order.

(4)A local development order may make different provision for different descriptions of land.

(5)But a development order may specify any area or class of development in respect of which a local development order must not be made.

(6)A local planning authority may revoke a local development order at any time.

(7)Schedule 4A makes provision in connection with local development orders.

Textual Amendments

F31S. 61A(1) repealed (23.6.2009 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 188(2), 238, 241, Sch. 13 (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/1303, art. 2, Sch.

F32Words in s. 61A(2) substituted (23.6.2009 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 188(3), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/1303, art. 2

61BIntervention by Secretary of State or National AssemblyE+W

(1)At any time before a local development order is adopted by a local planning authority [F33in Wales,] the appropriate authority may direct that the order (or any part of it) is submitted to it for its approval.

(2)If the appropriate authority gives a direction under subsection (1)—

(a)the authority must not take any step in connection with the adoption of the order until the appropriate authority gives its decision;

(b)the order has no effect unless it (or, if the direction relates to only part of an order, the part) has been approved by the appropriate authority.

(3)In considering an order or part of an order submitted under subsection (1) the appropriate authority may take account of any matter which it thinks is relevant.

(4)It is immaterial whether any such matter was taken account of by the local planning authority.

(5)The appropriate authority—

(a)may approve or reject an order or part of an order submitted to it under subsection (1);

(b)must give reasons for its decision under paragraph (a).

(6)If the appropriate authority thinks that a local development order [F34being prepared by a local planning authority in Wales] is unsatisfactory—

(a)it may at any time before the order is adopted by the local planning authority direct them to modify it in accordance with the direction;

(b)if it gives such a direction it must state its reasons for doing so.

(7)The local planning authority—

(a)must comply with the direction;

(b)must not adopt the order unless the appropriate authority gives notice that it is satisfied that they have complied with the direction.

[F35(7A)Where a local development order is adopted by a local planning authority in England, that authority must submit a copy of the order to the appropriate authority as soon after the order's adoption as is reasonably practicable.]

(8)The appropriate authority—

(a)may at any time by order revoke a local development order if it thinks it is expedient to do so;

(b)must, if it revokes a local development order, state its reasons for doing so.

(9)Subsections (3) to (6) of section 100 apply to an order under subsection (8) above as they apply to an order under subsection (1) of that section and for that purpose references to the Secretary of State must be construed as references to the appropriate authority.

(10)The appropriate authority is—

(a)the Secretary of State in relation to England;

(b)the National Assembly for Wales in relation to Wales.

Textual Amendments

F33Words in s. 61B(1) inserted (9.12.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 5(3)(a), 35(1); S.I. 2013/2878, art. 2 (with art. 3)

F34Words in s. 61B(6) inserted (9.12.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 5(3)(b), 35(1); S.I. 2013/2878, art. 2 (with art. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C19Ss. 61B(1)-(7) excluded (E.) (9.12.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 5(2), 35(1); S.I. 2013/2878, art. 2 (with art. 3)

61CPermission granted by local development orderE+W

(1)Planning permission granted by a local development order may be granted—

(a)unconditionally, or

(b)subject to such conditions or limitations as are specified in the order.

(2)If the permission is granted for development of a specified description the order may enable the local planning authority to direct that the permission does not apply in relation to—

(a)development in a particular area, or

(b)any particular development.]

[F3661DEffect of revision or revocation of development order on incomplete developmentE+W

(1)A development order or local development order may include provision permitting the completion of development if —

(a)planning permission is granted by the order in respect of the development, and

(b)the planning permission is withdrawn at a time after the development is started but before it is completed.

(2)Planning permission granted by a development order is withdrawn—

(a)if the order is revoked;

(b)if the order is amended so that it ceases to grant planning permission in respect of the development or materially changes any condition or limitation to which the grant of permission is subject;

(c)by the issue of a direction under powers conferred by the order.

(3)Planning permission granted by a local development order is withdrawn—

(a)if the order is revoked under section 61A(6) or 61B(8);

(b)if the order is revised in pursuance of paragraph 2 of Schedule 4A so that it ceases to grant planning permission in respect of the development or materially changes any condition or limitation to which the grant of permission is subject;

(c)by the issue of a direction under powers conferred by the order.

(4)The power under this section to include provision in a development order or a local development order may be exercised differently for different purposes.]

Textual Amendments

F36S. 61D inserted (6.8.2004 for specified purposes, 10.5.2006 for E. so far as not already in force, 30.4.2012 for W. so far as not already in force) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), s. 41 (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2006/1061, art. 2(a); S.I. 2012/1100, art. 2

[F37Mayoral development ordersE+W

Textual Amendments

F37Ss. 61DA-61DE inserted (12.2.2015 for specified purposes) by Infrastructure Act 2015 (c. 7), s. 57(5)(d), Sch. 4 para. 1

61DAMayoral development ordersE+W

(1)The Mayor of London may by order (a Mayoral development order) grant planning permission for development specified in the order on one or more sites specified in the order.

(2)The site or sites must fall within—

(a)the area of a local planning authority in Greater London, or

(b)the areas of two or more local planning authorities in Greater London.

(3)The Secretary of State may by development order specify an area or class of development in respect of which a Mayoral development order must not be made.

61DBPermission granted by Mayoral development orderE+W

(1)Planning permission granted by a Mayoral development order may be granted—

(a)unconditionally, or

(b)subject to such conditions or limitations as are specified in the order.

(2)A condition imposed by a Mayoral development order may provide for the consent, agreement or approval to a matter specified in the condition to be given by one or more persons specified in the condition.

(3)A person specified in a condition must be the Mayor of London or a relevant local planning authority.

(4)The Secretary of State may by development order provide that, if the consent, agreement or approval of a person required by a condition imposed by a Mayoral development order is not given within a specified period, that consent, agreement or approval may be sought from a specified person.

(5)In subsection (4) “specified” means specified, or of a description specified, in the development order.

(6)The Secretary of State may by development order make provision for a person to apply for planning permission for the development of land without complying with a condition imposed on the grant of planning permission by a Mayoral development order.

(7)A development order under subsection (6) may, in particular make provision similar to that made by section 73, subject to such modifications as the Secretary of State thinks appropriate.

(8)So far as the context requires, in relation to—

(a)an application for the consent, agreement or approval of the Mayor of London to a matter specified in a condition imposed by a Mayoral development order, or

(b)the determination of such an application,

any reference in an enactment to a local planning authority (however expressed) includes a reference to the Mayor.

(9)For the purposes of this Act a local planning authority is a relevant local planning authority in relation to a Mayoral development order or proposed Mayoral development order if a site or part of a site to which the order or proposed order relates is within the authority's area.

61DCPreparation and making of Mayoral development orderE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by development order make provision about the procedure for the preparation and making of a Mayoral development order.

(2)A development order under subsection (1) may in particular make provision about—

(a)notice, publicity and inspection by the public;

(b)consultation with and consideration of views of such persons and for such purposes as are specified in the order;

(c)the making and consideration of representations.

(3)A Mayoral development order may be made only in response to an application to the Mayor of London by each relevant local planning authority.

(4)A proposed Mayoral development order may be consulted on only with the consent of each relevant local planning authority.

(5)A Mayoral development order may not be made unless the order has been approved, in the form in which it is made, by each relevant local planning authority.

(6)If the Mayor of London makes a Mayoral development order, the Mayor must send a copy to the Secretary of State as soon as is reasonably practicable after the order is made.

61DDRevision or revocation of Mayoral development orderE+W

(1)The Mayor of London may at any time revise or revoke a Mayoral development order with the approval of each relevant local planning authority.

(2)The Mayor of London must revise a Mayoral development order if the Secretary of State directs the Mayor to do so (and the requirement for the approval of each relevant local planning authority does not apply in those circumstances).

(3)The Secretary of State may at any time revoke a Mayoral development order if the Secretary of State thinks it is expedient to do so.

(4)The power under subsection (3) is to be exercised by order made by the Secretary of State.

(5)If the Secretary of State revokes a Mayoral development order the Secretary of State must state the reasons for doing so.

(6)The Secretary of State may by development order make provision about—

(a)the steps to be taken by the Secretary of State before giving a direction or making an order under this section;

(b)the procedure for the revision or revocation of a Mayoral development order.

(7)A development order under subsection (6) may in particular make provision about—

(a)notice, publicity and inspection by the public;

(b)consultation with and consideration of views of such persons and for such purposes as are specified in the order;

(c)the making and consideration of representations.

61DEEffect of revision or revocation on incomplete developmentE+W

(1)This section applies if planning permission for development granted by a Mayoral development order is withdrawn at a time when the development has been started but not completed.

(2)For this purpose planning permission for development granted by a Mayoral development order is withdrawn—

(a)if the order is revoked under section 61DD, or

(b)if the order is revised under that section so that it ceases to grant planning permission for the development or materially changes any condition or limitation to which the grant of permission is subject.

(3)The development may, despite the withdrawal of the permission, be completed, subject as follows.

(4)If the permission is withdrawn because the Mayoral development order is revoked by the Mayor of London, the Mayor may make a determination that subsection (3) is not to apply in relation to development specified in the determination.

(5)A determination under subsection (4) must be published in such manner as the Mayor of London thinks appropriate.

(6)If the permission is withdrawn because the Mayoral development order is revoked by an order made by the Secretary of State under section 61DD, the order under that section may provide that subsection (3) is not to apply in relation to development specified in that order.

(7)If the permission is withdrawn because the order is revised as mentioned in subsection (2)(b), the revised order may provide that subsection (3) is not to apply in relation to development specified in the order.

(8)The power under this section to include provision in an order under section 61DD or a Mayoral development order may be exercised differently for different purposes.]

[F38Neighbourhood development ordersE+W

Textual Amendments

F38Ss. 61E-61Q and cross-heading inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 2; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

61ENeighbourhood development ordersE+W

(1)Any qualifying body is entitled to initiate a process for the purpose of requiring a local planning authority in England to make a neighbourhood development order.

(2)A “neighbourhood development order” is an order which grants planning permission in relation to a particular neighbourhood area specified in the order—

(a)for development specified in the order, or

(b)for development of any class specified in the order.

(3)Schedule 4B makes provision about the process for the making of neighbourhood development orders, including—

(a)provision for independent examination of orders proposed by qualifying bodies, and

(b)provision for the holding of referendums on orders proposed by those bodies.

(4)A local planning authority to whom a proposal for the making of a neighbourhood development order has been made—

(a)must make a neighbourhood development order to which the proposal relates if in each applicable referendum under that Schedule more than half of those voting have voted in favour of the order, and

(b)if paragraph (a) applies, must make the order as soon as reasonably practicable after the referendum is held [F39and, in any event, by such date as may be prescribed].

(5)If—

(a)there are two applicable referendums under that Schedule (because the order relates to a neighbourhood area designated as a business area under section 61H), and

(b)in one of those referendums (but not the other) more than half of those voting have voted in favour of the order,

the authority may (but need not) make a neighbourhood development order to which the proposal relates.

(6)A “qualifying body” means a parish council, or an organisation or body designated as a neighbourhood forum, authorised for the purposes of a neighbourhood development order to act in relation to a neighbourhood area as a result of section 61F.

(7)For the meaning of “neighbourhood area”, see sections 61G and 61I(1).

(8)The authority are not to be subject to the duty under subsection (4)(a) if they consider that the making of the order would breach, or would otherwise be incompatible with, any EU obligation or any of the Convention rights (within the meaning of the Human Rights Act 1998).

(9)Regulations may make provision as to the procedure to be followed by local planning authorities in cases where they act under subsection (8).

(10)The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a)for the holding of an examination,

(b)as to the payment by a local planning authority of remuneration and expenses of the examiner,

(c)as to the award of costs by the examiner,

(d)as to the giving of notice and publicity,

(e)as to the information and documents that are to be made available to the public,

(f)as to the making of reasonable charges for anything provided as a result of the regulations,

(g)as to consultation with and participation by the public, and

(h)as to the making and consideration of representations (including the time by which representations must be made).

(11)The authority must publish in such manner as may be prescribed—

(a)their decision to act under subsection (4) or (8),

(b)their reasons for making that decision, and

(c)such other matters relating to that decision as may be prescribed.

(12)The authority must send a copy of the matters required to be published to—

(a)the qualifying body that initiated the process for the making of the order, and

(b)such other persons as may be prescribed.

(13)A local planning authority must publish each neighbourhood development order that they make in such manner as may be prescribed.

Textual Amendments

F39Words in s. 61E(4)(b) inserted (12.5.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 140(2), 216(1)(d)

61FAuthorisation to act in relation to neighbourhood areasE+W

(1)For the purposes of a neighbourhood development order, a parish council are authorised to act in relation to a neighbourhood area if that area consists of or includes the whole or any part of the area of the council.

(2)If that neighbourhood area also includes the whole or any part of the area of another parish council, the parish council is authorised for those purposes to act in relation to that neighbourhood area only if the other parish council have given their consent.

(3)For the purposes of a neighbourhood development order, an organisation or body is authorised to act in relation to a neighbourhood area if it is designated by a local planning authority as a neighbourhood forum for that area.

(4)An organisation or body may be designated for a neighbourhood area only if that area does not consist of or include the whole or any part of the area of a parish council.

(5)A local planning authority may designate an organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum if the authority are satisfied that it meets the following conditions—

(a)it is established for the express purpose of promoting or improving the social, economic and environmental well-being of an area that consists of or includes the neighbourhood area concerned (whether or not it is also established for the express purpose of promoting the carrying on of trades, professions or other businesses in such an area),

(b)its membership is open to—

(i)individuals who live in the neighbourhood area concerned,

(ii)individuals who work there (whether for businesses carried on there or otherwise), and

(iii)individuals who are elected members of a county council, district council or London borough council any of whose area falls within the neighbourhood area concerned,

(c)its membership includes a minimum of 21 individuals each of whom—

(i)lives in the neighbourhood area concerned,

(ii)works there (whether for a business carried on there or otherwise), or

(iii)is an elected member of a county council, district council or London borough council any of whose area falls within the neighbourhood area concerned,

(d)it has a written constitution, and

(e)such other conditions as may be prescribed.

(6)A local planning authority may also designate an organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum if they are satisfied that the organisation or body meets prescribed conditions.

(7)A local planning authority—

(a)must, in determining under subsection (5) whether to designate an organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum for a neighbourhood area, have regard to the desirability of designating an organisation or body—

(i)which has secured (or taken reasonable steps to attempt to secure) that its membership includes at least one individual falling within each of sub-paragraphs (i) to (iii) of subsection (5)(b),

(ii)whose membership is drawn from different places in the neighbourhood area concerned and from different sections of the community in that area, and

(iii)whose purpose reflects (in general terms) the character of that area,

(b)may designate only one organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum for each neighbourhood area,

(c)may designate an organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum only if the organisation or body has made an application to be designated, and

(d)must give reasons to an organisation or body applying to be designated as a neighbourhood forum where the authority refuse the application.

(8)A designation—

(a)ceases to have effect at the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the day on which it is made but without affecting the validity of any proposal for a neighbourhood development order made before the end of that period, and

(b)in the case of the designation of an unincorporated association, is not to be affected merely because of a change in the membership of the association.

[F40(8A)A designation ceases to have effect if—

(a)a new parish council is created or there is a change in the area of a parish council, and

(b)as a result, the neighbourhood area for which the neighbourhood forum is designated consists of or includes the whole or any part of the area of the parish council.

(8B)The operation of subsection (8A) does not affect the validity of any proposal for a neighbourhood development order made before the event mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection took place.]

(9)A local planning authority may withdraw an organisation or body's designation as a neighbourhood forum if they consider that the organisation or body is no longer meeting—

(a)the conditions by reference to which it was designated, or

(b)any other criteria to which the authority were required to have regard in making the designation;

and, where an organisation or body's designation is withdrawn, the authority must give reasons to the organisation or body.

(10)A proposal for a neighbourhood development order by a parish council or neighbourhood forum may not be made at any time in relation to a neighbourhood area if there is at that time another proposal by the council or forum in relation to that area that is outstanding.

(11)Each local planning authority must make such arrangements as they consider appropriate for making people aware as to the times when organisations or bodies could make applications to be designated as neighbourhood forums for neighbourhood areas.

(12)Regulations—

(a)may make provision in connection with proposals made by qualifying bodies for neighbourhood development orders, and

(b)may make provision in connection with designations (or withdrawals of designations) of organisations or bodies as neighbourhood forums (including provision of a kind mentioned in section 61G(11)(a) to (g)).

(13)The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a)as to the consequences of the creation of a new parish council, or a change in the area of a parish council, on any proposal made for a neighbourhood development order,

(b)as to the consequences of the dissolution of a neighbourhood forum on any proposal for a neighbourhood development order made by it,

(c)suspending the operation of any duty of a local planning authority under paragraph 6 or 7 of Schedule 4B in cases where they are considering the withdrawal of the designation of an organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum,

(d)for determining when a proposal for a neighbourhood development order is to be regarded as outstanding, and

(e)requiring a local planning authority to have regard (in addition, where relevant, to the matters set out in subsection (7)(a)) to prescribed matters in determining whether to designate an organisation or body as a neighbourhood forum.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20S. 61F applied by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2)(a) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4))

C21S. 61F applied (with modifications) by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2A) (as inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 4(7), 46(3); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(b))

61GMeaning of “neighbourhood area”E+W

(1)A “neighbourhood area” means an area within the area of a local planning authority in England which has been designated by the authority as a neighbourhood area; but that power to designate is exercisable only where—

(a)a relevant body has applied to the authority for an area specified in the application to be designated by the authority as a neighbourhood area, and

(b)the authority are determining the application (but see subsection (5)).

(2)A “relevant body” means—

(a)a parish council, or

(b)an organisation or body which is, or is capable of being, designated as a neighbourhood forum (on the assumption that, for this purpose, the specified area is designated as a neighbourhood area).

(3)The specified area—

(a)in the case of an application by a parish council, must be one that consists of or includes the whole or any part of the area of the council, and

(b)in the case of an application by an organisation or body, must not be one that consists of or includes the whole or any part of the area of a parish council.

(4)In determining an application the authority must have regard to—

(a)the desirability of designating the whole of the area of a parish council as a neighbourhood area, and

(b)the desirability of maintaining the existing boundaries of areas already designated as neighbourhood areas.

(5)If—

(a)a valid application is made to the authority,

(b)some or all of the specified area has not been designated as a neighbourhood area, and

(c)the authority refuse the application because they consider that the specified area is not an appropriate area to be designated as a neighbourhood area,

the authority must exercise their power of designation so as to secure that some or all of the specified area forms part of one or more areas designated (or to be designated) as neighbourhood areas.

(6)The authority may, in determining any application, modify designations already made; but if a modification relates to any extent to the area of a parish council, the modification may be made only with the council's consent.

[F41(6A)The power in subsection (6) to modify designations already made includes power—

(a)to change the boundary of an existing neighbourhood area,

(b)to replace an existing neighbourhood area with two or more separate neighbourhood areas, and

(c)to replace two or more existing neighbourhood areas with a single neighbourhood area.

(6B)A neighbourhood area created by virtue of subsection (6A)(b) may have the boundary created by splitting it from the existing area or a different boundary.

(6C)A neighbourhood area created by virtue of subsection (6A)(c) may have the boundary created by combining the existing areas or a different boundary.

(6D)A modification under subsection (6) of a designation already made does not affect the continuation in force of a neighbourhood development order even though as a result of the modification—

(a)it no longer relates to a neighbourhood area, or

(b)it relates to more than one neighbourhood area.]

(7)The areas designated as neighbourhood areas must not overlap with each other.

(8)A local planning authority must publish a map setting out the areas that are for the time being designated as neighbourhood areas.

(9)If the authority refuse an application, they must give reasons to the applicant for refusing the application.

(10)In this section “specified”, in relation to an application, means specified in the application.

(11)Regulations may make provision in connection with the designation of areas as neighbourhood areas; and the regulations may in particular make provision—

(a)as to the procedure to be followed in relation to designations,

(b)as to the giving of notice and publicity in connection with designations,

(c)as to consultation with and participation by the public in relation to designations,

(d)as to the making and consideration of representations about designations (including the time by which representations must be made),

(e)as to the form and content of applications for designations,

(f)requiring an application for a designation to be determined by a prescribed date,

(g)entitling or requiring a local planning authority in prescribed circumstances to decline to consider an application for a designation, and

(h)about the modification of designations (including provision about the consequences of modification on proposals for neighbourhood development orders, or on neighbourhood development orders, that have already been made).

[F42(12)Regulations under subsection (11) may provide that where an application under this section—

(a)meets prescribed criteria, or

(b)has not been determined within a prescribed period,

the local planning authority must, except in prescribed cases or circumstances, exercise their powers under this section to designate the specified area as a neighbourhood area.

(13)The reference in subsection (12) to the designation of an area as a neighbourhood area includes the modification under subsection (6) of a designation already made.]

Textual Amendments

F42S. 61G(12)(13) inserted (12.5.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 139, 216(1)(d)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22S. 61G(6D) applied (with modifications) by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(5A) (as inserted (31.1.2018) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 5(8), 46(1); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(c))

61HNeighbourhood areas designated as business areasE+W

(1)Whenever a local planning authority exercise their powers under section 61G to designate an area as a neighbourhood area, they must consider whether they should designate the area concerned as a business area.

(2)The reference here to the designation of an area as a neighbourhood area includes the modification under section 61G(6) of a designation already made.

(3)The power of a local planning authority to designate a neighbourhood area as a business area is exercisable by the authority only if, having regard to such matters as may be prescribed, they consider that the area is wholly or predominantly business in nature.

(4)The map published by a local planning authority under section 61G(8) must state which neighbourhood areas (if any) are for the time being designated as business areas.

61INeighbourhood areas in areas of two or more local planning authoritiesE+W

(1)The power to designate an area as a neighbourhood area under section 61G is exercisable by two or more local planning authorities in England if the area falls within the areas of those authorities.

(2)Regulations may make provision in connection with—

(a)the operation of subsection (1), and

(b)the operation of other provisions relating to neighbourhood development orders (including sections 61F to 61H) in cases where an area is designated as a neighbourhood area as a result of that subsection.

(3)The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a)modifying or supplementing the application of, or disapplying, any of the provisions mentioned in subsection (2)(b),

(b)applying (with or without modifications) any provision of Part 6 of the Local Government Act 1972 (discharge of functions) in cases where the provision would not otherwise apply,

(c)requiring local planning authorities to exercise, or not to exercise, any power conferred by any provision of that Part (including as applied by virtue of paragraph (b)), and

(d)conferring powers or imposing duties on local planning authorities.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C23S. 61I(2)(3) applied by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2)(b) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss., 240(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4); S.I. 2013/797, arts. 1(2), 2)

61JProvision that may be made by neighbourhood development orderE+W

(1)A neighbourhood development order may make provision in relation to—

(a)all land in the neighbourhood area specified in the order,

(b)any part of that land, or

(c)a site in that area specified in the order.

(2)A neighbourhood development order may not provide for the granting of planning permission for any development that is excluded development.

(3)For the meaning of “excluded development”, see section 61K.

(4)A neighbourhood development order may not grant planning permission for any development in any particular case where planning permission is already granted for that development in that case.

(5)A neighbourhood development order may not relate to more than one neighbourhood area.

[F43(5A)Subsection (5) is subject to section 61G(6D) (effect of modification of existing neighbourhood area).]

(6)A neighbourhood development order may make different provision for different cases or circumstances.

61KMeaning of “excluded development”E+W

The following development is excluded development for the purposes of section 61J—

(a)development that consists of a county matter within paragraph 1(1)(a) to (h) of Schedule 1,

(b)development that consists of the carrying out of any operation, or class of operation, prescribed under paragraph 1(j) of that Schedule (waste development) but that does not consist of development of a prescribed description,

(c)development that falls within Annex 1 to Council Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (as amended from time to time),

(d)development that consists (whether wholly or partly) of a nationally significant infrastructure project (within the meaning of the Planning Act 2008),

(e)prescribed development or development of a prescribed description, and

(f)development in a prescribed area or an area of a prescribed description.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24S. 61K applied by 2004 c. 5, s. 38B(6) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4))

61LPermission granted by neighbourhood development ordersE+W

(1)Planning permission granted by a neighbourhood development order may be granted—

(a)unconditionally, or

(b)subject to such conditions or limitations as are specified in the order.

(2)The conditions that may be specified include—

(a)obtaining the approval of the local planning authority who made the order but not of anyone else, and

(b)provision specifying the period within which applications must be made to a local planning authority for the approval of the authority of any matter specified in the order.

(3)Regulations may make provision entitling a parish council in prescribed circumstances to require any application for approval under subsection (2) of a prescribed description to be determined by them instead of by a local planning authority.

(4)The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a)as to the procedure to be followed by parish councils in deciding whether to determine applications for approvals (including the time by which the decisions must be made),

(b)requiring parish councils in prescribed circumstances to cease determining applications for approvals,

(c)conferring powers or imposing duties on local planning authorities,

(d)treating parish councils as local planning authorities (instead of, or in addition to, the authorities) for the purposes of the determination of applications for approvals (subject to such exceptions or modifications in the application of any enactment as may be prescribed),

(e)applying any enactment relating to principal councils within the meaning of section 270 of the Local Government Act 1972 for those purposes (with or without modifications), and

(f)disapplying, or modifying the application of, any enactment relating to parish councils for those purposes.

(5)A neighbourhood development order may provide for the granting of planning permission to be subject to the condition that the development begins before the end of the period specified in the order.

(6)Regulations may make provision as to the periods that may be specified in neighbourhood development orders under subsection (5).

(7)If—

(a)planning permission granted by a neighbourhood development order for any development is withdrawn by the revocation of the order under section 61M, and

(b)the revocation is made after the development has begun but before it has been completed,

the development may, despite the withdrawal of the permission, be completed.

(8)But an order under section 61M revoking a neighbourhood development order may provide that subsection (7) is not to apply in relation to development specified in the order under that section.

61MRevocation or modification of neighbourhood development ordersE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order revoke a neighbourhood development order.

(2)A local planning authority may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, by order revoke a neighbourhood development order that they have made.

(3)If a neighbourhood development order is revoked, the person revoking the order must state the reasons for the revocation.

(4)A local planning authority may at any time by order modify a neighbourhood development order that they have made for the purpose of correcting errors.

[F44(4A)A local planning authority may at any time by order modify a neighbourhood development order they have made if they consider that the modification does not materially affect any planning permission granted by the order.]

(5)If the qualifying body that initiated the process for the making of [F45the neighbourhood development order mentioned in subsection (4) or (4A)] is still authorised at that time to act for the purposes of a neighbourhood development order in relation to the neighbourhood area concerned, the power under subsection (4) [F46or (4A)] is exercisable only with that body's consent.

(6)A modification of a neighbourhood development order is to be done by replacing the order with a new one containing the modification.

(7)Regulations may make provision in connection with the revocation or modification of a neighbourhood development order.

(8)The regulations may in particular make provision—

(a)for the holding of an examination in relation to a revocation proposed to be made by the authority,

(b)as to the payment by a local planning authority of remuneration and expenses of the examiner,

(c)as to the award of costs by the examiner,

(d)as to the giving of notice and publicity in connection with a revocation or modification,

(e)as to the information and documents relating to a revocation or modification that are to be made available to the public,

(f)as to the making of reasonable charges for anything provided as a result of the regulations,

(g)as to consultation with and participation by the public in relation to a revocation, and

(h)as to the making and consideration of representations about a revocation (including the time by which representations must be made).

Textual Amendments

F44S. 61M(4A) inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 4(2), 46(3); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(b)

F45Words in s. 61M(5) substituted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 4(3)(a), 46(3); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(b)

F46Words in s. 61M(5) inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 4(3)(b), 46(3); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25S. 61M applied (with modifications) by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2)(c)(3) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4))

61NLegal challenges in relation to neighbourhood development ordersE+W

(1)A court may entertain proceedings for questioning a decision to act under section 61E(4) or (8) only if—

(a)the proceedings are brought by a claim for judicial review, and

(b)the claim form is filed before the end of the period of 6 weeks beginning with [F47the day after] the day on which the decision is published.

(2)A court may entertain proceedings for questioning a decision under paragraph 12 of Schedule 4B (consideration by local planning authority of recommendations made by examiner etc) [F48or paragraph 13B of that Schedule (intervention powers of Secretary of State)] only if—

(a)the proceedings are brought by a claim for judicial review, and

(b)the claim form is filed before the end of the period of 6 weeks beginning with [F49the day after] the day on which the decision is published.

(3)A court may entertain proceedings for questioning anything relating to a referendum under paragraph 14 or 15 of Schedule 4B only if—

(a)the proceedings are brought by a claim for judicial review, and

(b)the claim form is filed [F50before the end of] the period of 6 weeks beginning with [F51the day after] the day on which the result of the referendum is declared.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26S. 61N applied (with modifications) by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2)(d)(4) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4))

61OGuidanceE+W

Local planning authorities must have regard to any guidance issued by the Secretary of State in the exercise of any function under any provision relating to neighbourhood development orders (including any function under any of sections 61F to 61H).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C27S. 61O applied by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2)(e) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4))

61PProvision as to the making of certain decisions by local planning authoritiesE+W

(1)Regulations may make provision regulating the arrangements of a local planning authority for the making of any prescribed decision under any provision relating to neighbourhood development orders (including under any of sections 61F to 61H).

(2)The provision made by the regulations is to have effect despite provision made by any enactment as to the arrangements of a local planning authority for the exercise of their functions (such as section 101 of the Local Government Act 1972 or section 13 of the Local Government Act 2000).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28S. 61P applied by 2004 c. 5, s. 38C(2)(f) (as inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 9 para. 7; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4))

61QCommunity right to build ordersE+W

Schedule 4C makes provision in relation to a particular type of neighbourhood development order (a community right to build order).]

[F52[F53England: consultation] before applying for planning permission [F54or permission in principle] E+W

Textual Amendments

F52Ss. 61W-61Y and cross-heading inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 17.12.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss., 122(1), 240(5)(l) (with ss. 122(3), 144); S.I. 2013/2931, art. 2

F53Words in s. 61W cross-heading substituted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 17(5), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a) (with art. 6)

61W[F55England: requirement] to carry out pre-application consultationE+W

F53

(1)Where—

(a)a person proposes to make an application for planning permission[F56, or permission in principle,] for the development of any land in England, and

(b)the proposed development is of a description specified in a development order,

the person must carry out consultation on the proposed application in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

(2)The person must publicise the proposed application in such manner as the person reasonably considers is likely to bring the proposed application to the attention of a majority of the persons who live at, or otherwise occupy, premises in the vicinity of the land.

(3)The person must consult each specified person about the proposed application.

(4)Publicity under subsection (2) must—

(a)set out how the person (“P”) may be contacted by persons wishing to comment on, or collaborate with P on the design of, the proposed development, and

(b)give such information about the proposed timetable for the consultation as is sufficient to ensure that persons wishing to comment on the proposed development may do so in good time.

(5)In subsection (3) “specified person” means a person specified in, or of a description specified in, a development order.

(6)Subsection (1) does not apply—

(a)if the proposed application is an application under section 293A, or

(b)in cases specified in a development order.

(7)A person subject to the duty imposed by subsection (1) must, in complying with that subsection, have regard to the advice (if any) given by the local planning authority about local good practice.

Textual Amendments

F55Words in s. 61W title substituted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 17(4), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a) (with art. 6)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C29S. 61W applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2017/402, art. 5C (as inserted (E.) (1.6.2018) by The Town and Country Planning (Permission in Principle) (Amendment) Order 2017 (S.I. 2017/1309), arts. 1, 4)

61XDuty to take account of responses to consultationE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a person—

(a)has been required by section 61W(1) to carry out consultation on a proposed application for planning permission [F57or permission in principle], and

(b)proposes to go ahead with making an application for planning permission [F57or permission in principle] (whether or not in the same terms as the proposed application).

(2)The person must, when deciding whether the application that the person is actually to make should be in the same terms as the proposed application, have regard to any responses to the consultation that the person has received.

61YPower to make supplementary provisionE+W

(1)A development order may make provision about, or in connection with, consultation which section 61W(1) requires a person to carry out on a proposed application for planning permission [F58or permission in principle].

(2)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) includes (in particular)—

(a)provision about, or in connection with, publicising the proposed application;

(b)provision about, or in connection with, the ways of responding to the publicity;

(c)provision about, or in connection with, consultation under section 61W(3);

(d)provision about, or in connection with, collaboration between the person and others on the design of the proposed development;

(e)provision as to the timetable (including deadlines) for—

(i)compliance with section 61W(1),

(ii)responding to publicity under section 61W(2), or

(iii)responding to consultation under section 61W(3);

(f)provision for the person to prepare a statement setting out how the person proposes to comply with section 61W(1);

(g)provision for the person to comply with section 61W(1) in accordance with a statement required by provision under paragraph (f).

(3)Provision under subsection (1) may be different for different cases.]

[F59Wales: pre-application procedureE+W

Textual Amendments

F59S. 61Z and cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 17(2), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a) (with art. 6)

61ZWales: requirement to carry out pre-application consultationE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a person (the “applicant”) proposes to make an application for planning permission for the development of land within the area of a local planning authority in Wales, and

(b)the proposed development is development of a description specified in a development order.

(2)The applicant must carry out consultation on the proposed application in accordance with subsections (3) and (4).

(3)The applicant must publicise the proposed application in such manner as the applicant reasonably considers likely to bring it to the attention of a majority of the persons who own or occupy premises in the vicinity of the land.

(4)The applicant must consult each specified person about the proposed application.

(5)Publicity under subsection (3) must—

(a)set out how the applicant may be contacted by persons wishing to comment on the proposed development;

(b)give such information about the proposed timetable for the consultation as is sufficient to ensure that persons wishing to comment on the proposed development may do so in good time.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (4), a specified person is a person specified in, or a person of a description specified in, a development order.

(7)Subsection (2) does not apply—

(a)if the proposed application is an application under section 293A, or

(b)in cases specified in a development order.

(8)A development order may make provision about, or in connection with, consultation required to be carried out under this section (including by way of publicising an application under subsection (3)).

(9)That provision may include —

(a)provision about how the consultation is to be carried out (including about the form and content of documents, and information and other materials that are to be provided to a person for the purposes of, or in connection with, the consultation);

(b)provision about responding to the consultation (including provision requiring a person consulted to respond to the consultation, or to respond to the consultation in a particular way, or to respond within a particular time);

(c)provision about the timetable (including deadlines) for consultation;

(d)provision for a person consulted by virtue of subsection (4) to make a report to the Welsh Ministers about the person's compliance with any requirement imposed by virtue of paragraph (b) or (c) (including provision as to the form and content of the report and the time at which it is to be made).]

[F6061Z1Wales: pre-application servicesE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may by regulations make provision for and in connection with the provision of pre-application services by a local planning authority in Wales or the Welsh Ministers.

(2)Regulations under this section may, in particular, make provision—

(a)about circumstances in which pre-application services are required to be provided (including provision about the form and content of requests for pre-application services, and information that is to accompany a request);

(b)about the nature of the services required to be provided, and when and how they are to be provided;

(c)for information and documents relating to services provided under the regulations, or relating to requests for such services, to be published or otherwise made available to the public, or to persons specified in the regulations, by a local planning authority or the Welsh Ministers;

(d)about other steps required to be taken by any person in connection with, or for the purposes of, the provision of services under the regulations.

(3)References in this section and section 61Z2 to pre-application services are to services provided to a person, in respect of a qualifying application proposed to be made by the person in respect of the development of land in Wales, for the purpose of assisting the person in making the application.

(4)A “qualifying application” is an application, under or by virtue of this Part, that is of a description specified in regulations made by the Welsh Ministers.

Textual Amendments

F60Ss. 61Z1, 61Z2 inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 18, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

61Z2Pre-application services: records and statement of servicesE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may by regulations make provision requiring—

(a)records to be kept of requests for pre-application services;

(b)records to be kept of pre-application services provided;

(c)a statement, giving information about the range of pre-application services provided by an authority or the Welsh Ministers, to be prepared and published or otherwise made available.

(2)The regulations may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)the form and content of the records to be kept;

(b)the form and content of the statement;

(c)the way in which records are to be kept;

(d)the publication of the statement and the persons to whom, and circumstances in which, it is to be made available.

(3)Regulations under this section or section 61Z1 may contain incidental, supplementary and consequential provision.]

Textual Amendments

F60Ss. 61Z1, 61Z2 inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 18, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

Applications for planning permission [F61or permission in principle] E+W

Textual Amendments

F61Words in s. 62 cross-heading inserted (13.7.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), s. 216(3), Sch. 12 para. 7; S.I. 2016/733, reg. 3(d)

[F6362 Applications for planning permission [F62or permission in principle].E+W

(1)A development order may make provision as to applications for planning permission [F64or permission in principle] made to a local planning authority.

(2)Provision referred to in subsection (1) includes provision as to—

(a)the form and manner in which the application must be made;

(b)particulars of such matters as are to be included in the application;

(c)documents or other materials as are to accompany the application.

[F65(2A)In subsections (1) and (2) references to applications for planning permission include references to applications for approval under section 61L(2).]

(3)The local planning authority may require that an application for planning permission must include—

(a)such particulars as they think necessary;

(b)such evidence in support of anything in or relating to the application as they think necessary.

(4)But a requirement under subsection (3) must not be inconsistent with provision made under subsection (1).

[F66(4A)Also, a requirement under subsection (3) in respect of an application F67...—

(a)must be reasonable having regard, in particular, to the nature and scale of the proposed development; and

(b)may require particulars of, or evidence about, a matter only if it is reasonable to think that the matter will be a material consideration in the determination of the application.]

(5)A development order must require that an application for planning permission of such description as is specified in the order must be accompanied by such of the following as is so specified—

(a)a statement about the design principles and concepts that have been applied to the development;

(b)a statement about how issues relating to access to the development have been dealt with.

(6)The form and content of a statement mentioned in subsection (5) is such as is required by the development order.]

[F68(7)In subsection (8) “a relevant application” means the application for planning permission [F69or permission in principle] in a case where a person—

(a)has been required by section 61W(1) to carry out consultation on a proposed application for planning permission [F70or permission in principle], and

(b)is going ahead with making an application for planning permission [F70or permission in principle] (whether or not in the same terms as the proposed application).

(8)A development order must require that a relevant application be accompanied by particulars of—

(a)how the person complied with section 61W(1),

(b)any responses to the consultation that were received by the person, and

(c)the account taken of those responses.]

[F71(9)In subsection (10), a “relevant Welsh application” means an application for planning permission, in a case where a person—

(a)has been required by section 61Z to carry out consultation on a proposed application for planning permission for the development of land, and

(b)is going ahead with making an application for planning permission for the development (whether or not in the same terms as the proposed application).

(10)A development order must require a relevant Welsh application to be accompanied by a report (the “pre-application consultation report”) giving particulars of—

(a)how the applicant complied with section 61Z;

(b)any responses to the consultation received from persons consulted under section 61Z(3) or (4);

(c)the account taken of those responses.

(11)A development order may make provision about the form and content of the pre-application consultation report.]

Textual Amendments

F63S. 62 substituted (6.8.2004 for certain purposes, 10.8.2006 for E. and 30.6.2007 for W.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 42(1), 121 (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2006/1061, art. 3 (with art. 4) (as amended by S.I. 2010/321, art. 3); S.I. 2007/1369, art. 2 (with art. 3) (as amended by S.I. 2010/321, art. 4)

F65S. 62(2A) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 5; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F67Words in s. 62(4A) omitted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 28, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(a) (with art. 8)

F68S. 62(7)(8) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 17.12.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss., 122(2), 240(5)(l) (with ss. 122(3), 144); S.I. 2013/2931, art. 2

F71S. 62(9)-(11) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 17(3), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a) (with art. 6)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F72Wales: appeal against notice that application is not validE+W

Textual Amendments

F72Ss. 62ZA-62ZD and cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 29(2), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(a) (with art. 9)

62ZAWales: notice that application is not validE+W

(1)This section applies where an application is made to a local planning authority in Wales—

(a)for planning permission, or

(b)for any consent, agreement or approval required by any condition or limitation subject to which planning permission has been granted.

(2)In the case of an application for planning permission, if the authority think the application (or anything accompanying it) does not comply with a validation requirement imposed under section 62, they must give the applicant notice to that effect.

(3)The notice must—

(a)identify the requirement in question, and

(b)set out the authority's reasons for thinking the application does not comply with it.

(4)In the case of an application for a consent, agreement or approval mentioned in subsection (1)(b), the authority must give notice to the applicant if they think that—

(a)the application does not comply with the terms of the planning permission in question, or

(b)a period prescribed under section 74(1)(e) or 78(2) does not begin to run in relation to the application,

by virtue of a failure to include information in the application or to provide documents or other materials with it (whether at all or in a particular manner).

(5)The notice must identify—

(a)the information, documents or materials in question, and

(b)the paragraph of subsection (4) which the authority think applies.

(6)A development order may make provision about the giving of notice under this section (including provision about information to be included in the notice and how and when the notice is to be given).

(7)A requirement imposed under section 62 is a validation requirement in relation to an application for planning permission if the effect of the application failing to comply with the requirement is that—

(a)the local planning authority must not entertain the application (see section 327A), or

(b)the period prescribed under section 78(2) does not begin to run in relation to the application.

62ZBRight to appeal to Welsh Ministers against noticeE+W

(1)If a local planning authority give an applicant notice under section 62ZA, the applicant may appeal to the Welsh Ministers.

(2)In a case relating to an application for planning permission, the appeal may be brought on any one or more of the following grounds⁠—

(a)that the application complies with the requirement identified in the notice given under section 62ZA(2);

(b)that the application is not one to which the requirement applies;

(c)that the requirement is not a validation requirement in relation to the application;

(d)in the case of a requirement imposed under subsection (3) of section 62, that the requirement does not comply with subsection (4A) of that section.

(3)In a case relating to an application for a consent, agreement or approval mentioned in section 62ZA(1)(b), the appeal may be brought on any one or more of the following grounds—

(a)that the application included the information, or was accompanied by the documents or other materials, identified in the notice given under section 62ZA(4);

(b)in a case where notice is given under section 62ZA(4)(a), that the provision of the information, documents or materials is not required in order to comply with the terms of the planning permission;

(c)in a case where notice is given under section 62ZA(4)(b), that the period prescribed under section 74(1)(e) or 78(2) (as the case may be) begins to run in relation to the application irrespective of whether the information, documents or materials are provided.

(4)The appeal must be made by giving notice that complies with any requirements prescribed by a development order.

(5)The requirements may relate to how and when the notice is to be given and the information that is to accompany it.

(6)The appeal is to be determined on the basis of representations in writing.

(7)The Welsh Ministers must either—

(a)dismiss the appeal, or

(b)quash or vary the notice to which it relates.

(8)The Welsh Ministers' decision on the appeal is final.

62ZCAppeals under section 62ZB: determination by appointed personE+W

(1)Unless a direction otherwise is given under section 62ZD(1), an appeal under section 62ZB is to be determined by a person appointed by the Welsh Ministers.

(2)In this section and section 62ZD, “appointed person” means a person appointed under subsection (1).

(3)At any time before an appointed person determines an appeal, the Welsh Ministers may—

(a)revoke the person's appointment, and

(b)appoint another person under subsection (1) to determine the appeal.

(4)An appointed person has the same powers and duties in relation to an appeal as the Welsh Ministers have under sections 62ZB(7) and 322C and under any regulations made under section 323A.

(5)An appointed person's decision on an appeal is to be treated as the decision of the Welsh Ministers.

(6)The validity of an appointed person's decision on an appeal may not be questioned by the appellant or the local planning authority in legal proceedings on the ground that the appeal ought to have been determined by the Welsh Ministers and not by an appointed person, unless the appellant or the authority challenge the appointed person's power to determine the appeal before the person's decision is given.

62ZDAppeals under section 62ZB: determination by Welsh Ministers in place of appointed personE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may direct that an appeal under section 62ZB which would otherwise be determined by an appointed person is instead to be determined by the Welsh Ministers.

(2)The Welsh Ministers must serve a copy of the direction on—

(a)the person (if any) appointed to determine the appeal,

(b)the appellant, and

(c)the local planning authority.

(3)In determining the appeal, the Welsh Ministers may take into account any report made to them by a person previously appointed to determine the appeal.

(4)The Welsh Ministers may by a further direction revoke a direction under subsection (1) at any time before the appeal is determined.

(5)The Welsh Ministers must serve a copy of a direction under subsection (4) on—

(a)the person (if any) previously appointed to determine the appeal,

(b)the appellant, and

(c)the local planning authority.

(6)Where the Welsh Ministers give a direction under subsection (4)—

(a)they must appoint a person (the “new appointee”) under section 62ZC(1) to determine the appeal;

(b)anything done by or on behalf of the Welsh Ministers in connection with the appeal that might have been done by an appointed person is, unless the new appointee directs otherwise, to be treated as having been done by the new appointee;

(c)subject to that, section 62ZC applies to the appeal as if no direction under subsection (1) had been given.]

[F73England: option to make application directly to Secretary of State]E+W

Textual Amendments

F73S. 62A cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 4; S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

[F7462AWhen application may be made directly to Secretary of StateE+W

(1)A relevant application that would otherwise have to be made to the local planning authority may (if the applicant so chooses) be made instead to the Secretary of State if the following conditions are met at the time it is made—

[F75(a)the local planning authority concerned is designated by the Secretary of State for applications of a description specified in the designation; and

(b)the application falls within that description.]

[F76(1A)Only prescribed descriptions of application may be specified in a designation under subsection (1).]

[F77(2)In this section “relevant application” means—

(a)an application for planning permission, or permission in principle, for the development of land in England, or

(b)an application for approval of a matter that, as defined by section 92, is a reserved matter in the case of an outline planning permission for the development of land in England,

but does not include an application of the kind described in section 73(1) or an application of a description excluded by regulations.]

(3)Where a relevant application is made to the Secretary of State under this section, an application under the planning Acts—

(a)that is—

(i)an application for listed building consent F78... under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990, or

(ii)an application of a description prescribed by the Secretary of State,

(b)that is considered by the person making the application to be connected with the relevant application,

(c)that would otherwise have to be made to the local planning authority or hazardous substances authority,

(d)that is neither a relevant application nor an application of the kind described in section 73(1), and

(e)that relates to land in England,

may (if the person so chooses) be made instead to the Secretary of State.

(4)If an application (“the connected application”) is made to the Secretary of State under subsection (3) but the Secretary of State considers that it is not connected with the relevant application concerned, the Secretary of State may—

(a)refer the connected application to the local planning authority, or hazardous substances authority, to whom it would otherwise have been made; and

(b)direct that the connected application—

(i)is to be treated as having been made to that authority (and not to the Secretary of State under this section), and

(ii)is to be determined by that authority accordingly.

(5)The decision of the Secretary of State on an application made to the Secretary of State under this section shall be final.

(6)The Secretary of State may give directions requiring a local planning authority or hazardous substances authority to do things in relation to an application made to the Secretary of State under this section that would otherwise have been made to the authority; and directions under this subsection—

(a)may relate to a particular application or to applications more generally; and

(b)may be given to a particular authority or to authorities more generally.

Textual Amendments

F74Ss. 62A-62C inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 except in relation to s. 62A(3)(4), 25.4.2013, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 1(1), 35(2); S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

F75S. 62A(1)(a)(b) substituted (12.7.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 153(1), 216(2)(c)

F77S. 62A(2) substituted (12.7.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 153(3), 216(2)(c)

F78Words in s. 62A(3)(a)(i) omitted (12.7.2016) by virtue of Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 153(4), 216(2)(c)

62BDesignation for the purposes of section 62AE+W

(1)An authority may be designated for the purposes of section 62A only if—

(a)the criteria that are to be applied in deciding whether to designate the authority are set out in a document to which subsection (2) applies,

(b)by reference to those criteria, the Secretary of State considers that there are respects in which the authority are not adequately performing their function of determining applications under this Part, and

(c)the criteria that are to be applied in deciding whether to revoke a designation are set out in a document to which subsection (2) applies.

[F79(1A)A document to which subsection (2) applies may set out different criteria for each description of application prescribed under section 62A(1A).]

(2)This subsection applies to a document if—

(a)the document has been laid before Parliament by the Secretary of State,

(b)the 40-day period for the document has ended without either House of Parliament having during that period resolved not to approve the document, and

(c)the document has been published (whether before, during or after the 40-day period for it) by the Secretary of State in such manner as the Secretary of State thinks fit.

(3)In this section “the 40-day period” for a document is the period of 40 days beginning with the day on which the document is laid before Parliament (or, if it is not laid before each House of Parliament on the same day, the later of the two days on which it is laid).

(4)In calculating the 40-day period for a document, no account is to be taken of any period during which—

(a)Parliament is dissolved or prorogued, or

(b)both Houses of Parliament are adjourned for more than four days.

(5)None of the following may be designated for the purposes of section 62A—

(a)the Homes and Communities Agency;

(b)the Mayor of London;

(c)a Mayoral development corporation;

(d)an urban development corporation.

(6)The Secretary of State must publish (in such manner as the Secretary of State thinks fit)—

(a)any designation of an authority for the purposes of section 62A, and

(b)any revocation of such a designation.

Textual Amendments

F74Ss. 62A-62C inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 except in relation to s. 62A(3)(4), 25.4.2013, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 1(1), 35(2); S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

62CNotifying parish councils of applications under section 62A(1)E+W

(1)If an application is made to the Secretary of State under section 62A(1) and a parish council would be entitled under paragraph 8 of Schedule 1 to be notified of the application were it made to the local planning authority, the Secretary of State must notify the council of—

(a)the application, and

(b)any alteration to the application accepted by the Secretary of State.

(2)Paragraph 8(4) and (5) of Schedule 1 apply in relation to duties of the Secretary of State under subsection (1) as they apply to duties of a local planning authority under paragraph 8(1) [F80or (3B)] of that Schedule.

(3)An authority designated for the purposes of section 62A must comply with requests from the Secretary of State for details of requests received by the authority under paragraph 8(1) of Schedule 1 [F81or notifications received by the authority under paragraph 8(3C) or (3D) of that Schedule].]

Textual Amendments

F74Ss. 62A-62C inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 except in relation to s. 62A(3)(4), 25.4.2013, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 1(1), 35(2); S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

F80Words in s. 62C(2) inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 2(11), 46(3); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(a)

F81Words in s. 62C(3) inserted (27.4.2017 for specified purposes, 31.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by Neighbourhood Planning Act 2017 (c. 20), ss. 2(12), 46(3); S.I. 2018/38, reg. 3(a)

[F82Wales: developments of national significanceE+W

Textual Amendments

F82Ss. 62D, 62E and cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 19, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a) (with art. 7)

62DDevelopments of national significance: applications to be made to Welsh MinistersE+W

(1)A nationally significant development application is to be made to the Welsh Ministers instead of to the local planning authority.

(2)A nationally significant development application is an application for planning permission for the development of land in Wales, where the development to which the application relates is of national significance.

(3)Development is of national significance for this purpose if it meets criteria specified in regulations made by the Welsh Ministers for the purposes of this section.

(4)Development is also of national significance for this purpose if it is development that the National Development Framework for Wales specifies, under section 60(3) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004, is to constitute development of national significance for the purposes of this section.

(5)The planning permission that may be granted on an application under this section does not include outline planning permission (and for this purpose “outline planning permission” has the meaning given in section 92).

(6)An application within subsection (7) is not to be treated as being a nationally significant development application, unless it is an application of a description prescribed in regulations made by the Welsh Ministers.

(7)An application is within this subsection if it is an application for planning permission for the development of land without complying with conditions subject to which a previous planning permission was granted.

62ENotification of proposed application under section 62DE+W

(1)A person who proposes to make an application to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D must notify the following of the proposed application—

(a)the Welsh Ministers, and

(b)the local planning authority to which, but for section 62D, the application would be made.

(2)The notification must comply with any requirements specified in a development order.

(3)Those requirements may include requirements as to—

(a)the form and content of a notification;

(b)information that is to accompany the notification (including information about secondary consents in respect of which the person considers a decision should be made by the Welsh Ministers under section 62F, or otherwise relating to secondary consents);

(c)the way in which and time in which the notification is to be given.

(4)On receiving notification of an application from a person in accordance with this section, the Welsh Ministers must give notice to the person that the notification has been accepted.

(5)Any step taken in respect of an application that is proposed to be made under section 62D, if taken before the date on which notice is given under subsection (4) in respect of the application, is not to be treated for the purposes of this Act as constituting consultation with any person about the application.

(6)A development order may make provision about the giving of notice by the Welsh Ministers under subsection (4).

(7)That provision may include provision—

(a)about the form and content of the notice to be given under subsection (4);

(b)about the way in which it is to be given;

(c)about the period within which it is to be given (including provision about circumstances in which the Welsh Ministers may extend that period in a particular case).

(8)In this section and sections 62F and 62G, “secondary consent” has the meaning given in section 62H.]

[F8362FDevelopments of national significance: secondary consentsE+W

(1)Subsections (2) to (5) apply where—

(a)an application (a “section 62D application”) is made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, and

(b)the Welsh Ministers consider that—

(i)a secondary consent is connected to the section 62D application, and

(ii)having regard to their functions in respect of that section 62D application, the decision on that consent should be made by them.

(2)Where the decision in respect of the secondary consent would (but for this section) be made by a person other than the Welsh Ministers, it is to be made by the Welsh Ministers.

(3)For this purpose—

(a)any application that is required to be made in respect of the secondary consent, and has not yet been made, is to be made to the Welsh Ministers instead of the person to whom it would otherwise be made, and

(b)if an application has already been made in respect of the secondary consent to a person other than the Welsh Ministers, it is to be referred to the Welsh Ministers instead of being dealt with by that person.

(4)Subject to the following provisions of this Act, in a case where (but for this section) the secondary consent would have been dealt with by another person, the secondary consent is to be dealt with by the Welsh Ministers as though the Welsh Ministers were that person.

(5)The decision of the Welsh Ministers on the secondary consent is final.

(6)A secondary consent is connected to a section 62D application, for the purposes of this section, if the secondary consent—

(a)is required in order for the development to which the section 62D application relates to be carried out,

(b)would facilitate the carrying out of that development, or

(c)would facilitate any re-development or improvement, or the achievement of any other purpose, carried out on or in relation to land in connection with that development.

Textual Amendments

F83Ss. 62F-62H inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 20, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

62GDevelopments of national significance: supplementary provision about secondary consentsE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may give directions requiring the relevant person to do things in relation to a secondary consent in respect of which, by virtue of section 62F(2), a decision is to be made by the Welsh Ministers.

(2)The relevant person is the person by whom (but for section 62F) the decision as to whether to grant the secondary consent would have been made.

(3)The power to give directions under this section includes power to vary or revoke the directions.

(4)Regulations made by the Welsh Ministers may make provision for regulating the manner in which a secondary consent, or an application for secondary consent, is to be dealt with by the Welsh Ministers under section 62F.

(5)That provision may include provision—

(a)about consultation to be carried out by the Welsh Ministers before a secondary consent is granted or refused;

(b)requiring a person to provide a substantive response to any consultation carried out by virtue of the regulations (including about the requirements of a substantive response and the period within which it is to be provided).

(6)Regulations made by the Welsh Ministers may provide for an applicable enactment or requirement—

(a)to apply, with or without modifications, in respect of a secondary consent within subsection (1), or an application for such a consent, or

(b)not to apply in respect of such a consent or application.

(7)For this purpose an applicable enactment or requirement, in relation to a secondary consent within subsection (1), or an application for such a consent, is—

(a)any provision of or made under this Act, or of or made under any other enactment, in respect of consents of that kind;

(b)any requirements imposed by or under this Act, or any other enactment, in respect of consents of that kind.

Textual Amendments

F83Ss. 62F-62H inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 20, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

62HDevelopments of national significance: meaning of secondary consentE+W

(1)For the purposes of this Act, a “secondary consent” is—

(a)a consent that is required under legislation, or is given under legislation, and that relates to, or is given in connection with, the development or use of land in Wales, or

(b)a notice that is required by legislation to be given in relation to, or in connection with, the development or use of land in Wales,

and which, in either case, is of a description prescribed by regulations made by the Welsh Ministers.

(2)A description of consent or notice may be prescribed under subsection (1) only if—

(a)provision for that consent or notice would be within the legislative competence of the National Assembly for Wales, if the provision were contained in an Act of the National Assembly, and

(b)the consent or notice is one that legislation provides is to be given by a body exercising functions of a public nature (whether or not the body also exercises any other function).

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)references to a consent include references to a permit, certificate, licence or other authorisation;

(b)legislation” means any of the following (whenever enacted or made)—

(i)an Act of Parliament;

(ii)a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales;

(iii)subordinate legislation within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1978 (including subordinate legislation made under an Act of Parliament or a Measure or Act of the National Assembly for Wales).]

Textual Amendments

F83Ss. 62F-62H inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 20, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

[F8462IRequirement to submit local impact reportE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)an application has been made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, and

(b)the Welsh Ministers have taken steps, in respect of the application, that are specified in a development order for the purposes of this section.

(2)The Welsh Ministers must give notice in writing to each relevant local planning authority, requiring the authority to submit a local impact report in respect of the application to the Welsh Ministers.

(3)The notice must specify the deadline for receipt of the report by the Welsh Ministers.

(4)An authority to which notice is given under this section must comply with it.

(5)A local planning authority is a relevant local planning authority for the purposes of subsection (2) if the land to which the application relates, or any part of that land, is in the authority's area.

Textual Amendments

F84Ss. 62I-62K inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 21, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

62JDuty to have regard to local impact reportE+W

(1)In dealing with an application made to them under section 62D, the Welsh Ministers must have regard to any local impact report submitted to them by a local planning authority, in respect of the application, pursuant to a notice under section 62I.

(2)In dealing with the application, the Welsh Ministers must also have regard to any voluntary local impact report submitted to them in respect of the application.

(3)A voluntary local impact report is a local impact report submitted—

(a)by a local planning authority in Wales otherwise than pursuant to a notice under section 62I, or

(b)by a community council.

(4)A development order may make provision about the submission of voluntary local impact reports to the Welsh Ministers (including provision about the manner in which a voluntary impact report is to be submitted, and the time at which it may be submitted).

(5)The duty imposed by subsection (2) does not apply in respect of a voluntary local impact report submitted otherwise than in accordance with any provision made as described in subsection (4).

Textual Amendments

F84Ss. 62I-62K inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 21, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

62KLocal impact report: supplementaryE+W

(1)For the purposes of sections 62I and 62J, a local impact report, in respect of an application, is a report in writing that—

(a)gives details of the likely impact of the proposed development on the area (or any part of the area) of the local planning authority or community council submitting the report, and

(b)complies with any requirements specified in a development order as to the form and content of local impact reports (including any requirements specified as to information to be provided in respect of secondary consents).

(2)For this purpose the “proposed development” is the development in respect of which the application in question is made.]

Textual Amendments

F84Ss. 62I-62K inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 21, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

[F8562LTimetable for determining applicationsE+W

(1)This section applies where an application has been made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D.

(2)The Welsh Ministers must determine the application, and make any decision that is to be made by them by virtue of section 62F(2), before the end of the determination period.

(3)The determination period is the period of 36 weeks beginning with the date on which the application under section 62D is accepted by the Welsh Ministers.

(4)A development order may make provision about what constitutes acceptance of an application for the purposes of subsection (3).

(5)The Welsh Ministers may by notice—

(a)suspend the running of the determination period in a particular case for a period specified in the notice;

(b)terminate, reduce or extend an existing period of suspension.

(6)Notice under subsection (5) must be given to—

(a)the person who made the application under section 62D,

(b)the local planning authority to which, but for section 62D, that application would have been made, and

(c)any representative persons (within the meaning of section 319B(8A)) the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate.

(7)A development order may make provision about the giving of notice under subsection (5) (including provision about the information to be included in the notice and how and when it is to be given).

(8)The Welsh Ministers must lay before the National Assembly for Wales annual reports on—

(a)their compliance with the duty imposed by subsection (2), and

(b)their exercise of the functions conferred by subsection (5).

(9)The Welsh Ministers may by order amend subsection (3) to substitute a different period as the determination period.]

Textual Amendments

F85S. 62L inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 22, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 2(a)

[F86Wales: option to make application to Welsh MinistersE+W

Textual Amendments

F86Ss. 62M-62O and cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 23, 58(2)(b)(4)(b)

62MOption to make application directly to Welsh MinistersE+W

(1)If the following conditions are met, a qualifying application that would otherwise have to be made to the local planning authority may (if the applicant so chooses) instead be made to the Welsh Ministers.

(2)The first condition is that the local planning authority is designated by the Welsh Ministers for the purposes of this section.

(3)The second condition is that—

(a)the development to which the application relates, in the case of a qualifying application within subsection (4)(a), or

(b)the development for which the outline planning permission has been granted, in the case of a qualifying application within subsection (4)(b),

is development of a description prescribed by regulations made by the Welsh Ministers.

(4)A qualifying application, for the purposes of this section, is—

(a)an application for planning permission for the development of land in Wales, provided that the development to which it relates is not development of national significance for the purposes of section 62D;

(b)an application for approval of a matter that, for the purposes of section 92, is a reserved matter in the case of an outline planning permission for the development of land in Wales.

(5)But an application within subsection (6) that would otherwise be a qualifying application for the purposes of this section is not to be treated as such unless it is an application of a description prescribed in regulations made by the Welsh Ministers.

(6)An application is within this subsection if it is an application for planning permission for the development of land without complying with conditions subject to which a previous planning permission was granted.

62NDesignation for the purposes of section 62ME+W

(1)In deciding whether to designate a local planning authority for the purposes of section 62M, or whether to revoke a designation, the Welsh Ministers must apply only criteria that satisfy the following conditions.

(2)The first condition is that the Welsh Ministers have consulted each local planning authority in Wales about the criteria.

(3)The second condition is that the criteria are set out in a document that the Welsh Ministers have laid before the National Assembly for Wales.

(4)The third condition is that the 21-day period has ended without the National Assembly having during that period resolved not to approve the document.

(5)The fourth condition is that the Welsh Ministers have published the document (whether before, during or after the 21-day period) in whatever way they think fit.

(6)In this section, “the 21-day period” means the period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the document is laid before the National Assembly for Wales under subsection (3), disregarding any time when the National Assembly is dissolved or is in recess for more than four days.

(7)The power to designate a local planning authority for the purposes of section 62M, or to revoke a designation, is exercisable by notice in writing to the authority.

(8)The Welsh Ministers must publish (in whatever way they think fit) a copy of any notice given to an authority under subsection (7).

(9)An urban development corporation may not be designated for the purposes of section 62M.

62OOption to make application to Welsh Ministers: connected applicationsE+W

(1)This section applies where an application (the “principal application”) is made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62M.

(2)A connected application that would otherwise have to be made to the local planning authority or hazardous substances authority may (if the applicant so chooses) instead be made to the Welsh Ministers, provided that it is made on the same day as the principal application.

(3)A connected application, for this purpose, is an application under the planning Acts that—

(a)relates to land in Wales,

(b)is an application of a description prescribed by regulations made by the Welsh Ministers, and

(c)is considered by the person making it to be connected to the principal application.

(4)Subsection (5) applies if an application is made to the Welsh Ministers under this section, on the basis that it is a connected application, instead of to a local planning authority or hazardous substances authority, but the Welsh Ministers consider—

(a)that the application is not connected to the principal application, or

(b)that, although the application is connected to the principal application, the decision on the application should not be made by the Welsh Ministers.

(5)The Welsh Ministers must refer the application to the local planning authority or hazardous substances authority.

(6)An application referred to an authority under subsection (5)—

(a)is to be treated as from the date of its referral as being an application made to the authority concerned (instead of an application made to the Welsh Ministers), and

(b)is to be determined by the authority accordingly.

(7)A development order may make provision about the referral of applications under subsection (5) (including provision about what constitutes the referral of an application for the purposes of subsection (6)).]

[F87Applications made to Welsh Ministers: generalE+W

Textual Amendments

F87Ss. 62P, 62Q and cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 24, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(a)

62PApplications to the Welsh Ministers: supplementaryE+W

(1)A decision of the Welsh Ministers on an application made to them under section 62D, 62M or 62O is final.

(2)The Welsh Ministers may give directions requiring a local planning authority to do things in relation to an application made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D or 62M that would otherwise have been made to the authority.

(3)The Welsh Ministers may give directions requiring a local planning authority or hazardous substances authority to do things in relation to an application made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62O that would otherwise have been made to the authority.

(4)Directions given under this section—

(a)may relate to a particular application or description of application, or to applications generally;

(b)may be given to a particular authority or description of authority, or to authorities generally.

(5)The power to give directions under this section includes power to vary or revoke the directions.

62QNotifying community councils of applications made to Welsh MinistersE+W

(1)This section applies if—

(a)an application is made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, 62F, 62M or 62O, and

(b)a community council would be entitled under paragraph 2 of Schedule 1A to be notified of the application (requirement to notify community council of certain planning applications).

(2)The Welsh Ministers (instead of the local planning authority) must notify the community council of the application, as specified in paragraph 2(4) of Schedule 1A.

(3)The relevant local planning authority must comply with any request made by the Welsh Ministers for the purposes of this section to supply information to them about requests received by the authority under paragraph 2(1) of Schedule 1A.

(4)The “relevant local planning authority”, for this purpose, is—

(a)in the case of an application under section 62D or section 62M, the local planning authority to which (but for the section in question) the application would have been made;

(b)in the case of an application under section 62F or 62O which (but for the section in question) would have been made to a local planning authority, that authority.]

[F8862RPower to make provision by development order in respect of applications to Welsh MinistersE+W

(1)A development order may make provision for regulating the manner in which an application for planning permission made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, 62F, 62M or 62O, or an application for approval made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62F, 62M or 62O, is to be dealt with by the Welsh Ministers.

(2)That provision may include provision about—

(a)consultation to be carried out by the Welsh Ministers;

(b)the variation of an application.]

Textual Amendments

F88S. 62R inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 25, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(a)

[F8962SExercise of functions by appointed personE+W

Schedule 4D has effect with respect to the exercise of functions by appointed persons in connection with developments of national significance and applications made to the Welsh Ministers.]

Textual Amendments

F89S. 62S inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 26(1), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(a)

F9063. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

F9164. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W

Publicity for applicationsE+W

[F9365 Notice etc. of applications for planning permission [F92or permission in principle].E+W

(1)A development order may make provision requiring—

(a)notice to be given of any application for planning permission [F94or permission in principle], and

(b)any applicant for such permission to issue a certificate as to the interests in the land to which the application relates or the purpose for which it is used,

and provide for publicising such applications and for the form, content and service of such notices and certificates.

(2)Provision shall be made by a development order for the purpose of securing that, in the case of any application for planning permission, any person (other than the applicant) who on such date as may be prescribed by the order is an owner of the land to which the application relates, or [F95an agricultural tenant of that land], is given notice of the application in such manner as may be required by the order.

(3)A development order may require an applicant for planning permission [F96or permission in principle] to certify, in such form as may be prescribed by the order, or to provide evidence, that any requirements of the order have been satisfied.

[F97(3A)In subsections (1) and (3) references to any application for planning permission or any applicant for such permission include references to any application for approval under section 61L(2) or any applicant for such approval.]

(4)A development order making any provision by virtue of this section may make different provision for different cases or different classes of development.

(5)A local planning authority shall not entertain an application for planning permission [F98or permission in principle] unless any requirements imposed by virtue of this section have been satisfied.

(6)If any person—

(a)issues a certificate which purports to comply with any requirement imposed by virtue of this section and contains a statement which he knows to be false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b)recklessly issues a certificate which purports to comply with any such requirement and contains a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular,

he shall be guilty of an offence.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(8)In this section—

  • [F99agricultural tenant ”, in relation to any land, means any person who—

    (a)

    is the tenant, under a tenancy in relation to which the Agricultural Holdings Act 1986 applies, of an agricultural holding within the meaning of that Act any part of which is comprised in that land; or

    (b)

    is the tenant, under a farm business tenancy (within the meaning of the Agricultural Tenancies Act 1995), of land any part of which is comprised in that land;]

  • owner” in relation to any land means any person who—

    (a)

    is the estate owner in respect of the fee simple;

    (b)

    is entitled to a tenancy granted or extended for a term of years certain of which not less than seven years remain unexpired; or

    (c)

    in the case of such applications as may be prescribed by a development order, is entitled to an interest in any mineral so prescribed,

and the reference to the interests in the land to which an application for planning permission [F100or permission in principle] relates includes any interest in any mineral in, on or under the land.

(9)Notwithstanding section 127 of the M4Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980, a magistrates’ court may try an information in respect of an offence under this section whenever laid.]

Textual Amendments

F93S. 65 substituted for ss. 65-68 (25.11.1991 for certain purposes and otherwise 17.7.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 c. 34, s. 16(1) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2728, art. 2; S.I. 1992/1491, art. 2

F95Words in s. 65(2) substituted (1.9.1995) by 1995 c. 8, ss. 40, 41(2), Sch. para. 35(2) (with s. 37)

F97S. 65(3A) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 6; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4)

F99Definition of "agricultural tenant" substituted (1.9.1995) for definition of "agricultural holding" in s. 65(8) by 1995 c. 8, ss. 40, 41(2), Sch. para. 35(3) (with s. 37)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C34S. 65 applied (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 25, s. 96(1), Sch. 13 para. 7(5)(a) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/2765, art. 2

S. 65 applied (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 25, s. 96(1), Sch. 13 para. 9(3)(a) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/2765, art. 2

S. 65 extended (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 25, s. 96(1), Sch. 13 para. 9(5) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/2765, art. 2

S. 65 applied (1.11.1995) by 1995 c. 25, s. 96(1), Sch. 14 para. 6(3)(a) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/2765, art. 2

Marginal Citations

[F10166. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F10267. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F10368. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F10469 Register of applications etcE+W

(1)The local planning authority must keep a register containing such information as is prescribed as to—

(a)applications for planning permission;

[F105(aza)applications for permission in principle;]

[F106(aa)applications for non-material changes to planning permission under section 96A;]

F107(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)local development orders;

[F108(ca)neighbourhood planning matters;]

(d)simplified planning zone schemes.

(2)The register must contain—

(a)information as to the manner in which applications mentioned in subsection (1)(a) [F109[F110and (aa)]] [F109, (aa) and (aza)] and requests mentioned in subsection (1)(b) have been dealt with;

(b)such information as is prescribed with respect to any local development order [F111, neighbourhood planning matter] or simplified planning zone scheme in relation to the authority’s area.

[F112(2A)For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) “neighbourhood planning matters” means—

(a)neighbourhood development orders;

(b)neighbourhood development plans (made under section 38A of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004); and

(c)proposals for such orders or plans.]

(3)A development order may require the register to be kept in two or more parts.

(4)Each part must contain such information as is prescribed relating to the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(a) [F113, (aa)] [F114, (aza)] and (b).

(5)A development order may also make provision—

(a)for a specified part of the register to contain copies of applications or requests and of any other documents or material submitted with them;

(b)for the entry relating to an application or request (and everything relating to it) to be removed from that part of the register when the application (including any appeal arising out of it) or the request (as the case may be) has been finally disposed of.

(6)Provision made under subsection (5)(b) does not prevent the inclusion of a different entry relating to the application or request in another part of the register.

(7)The register must be kept in such manner as is prescribed.

(8)The register must be kept available for inspection by the public at all reasonable hours.

(9)Anything prescribed under this section must be prescribed by development order.]

Textual Amendments

F104S. 69 substituted (6.8.2004 for certain purposes and otherwise 22.2.2010) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 118, 121, Sch. 6 para. 3 (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2010/321, art. 2

F106S. 69(1)(aa) inserted (6.4.2010) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 190(4)(a), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2010/566, art. 3(b)

F107S. 69(1)(b) repealed (6.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2), Sch. 25 Pt. 18; S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(e) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F108S. 69(1)(ca) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 7(2); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F110Words in s. 69(2)(a) inserted (6.4.2010) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 190(4)(b), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2010/566, art. 3(b)

F111Words in s. 69(2)(b) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 7(3); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F112S. 69(2A) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(2)(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 7(4); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F113Words in s. 69(4) inserted (6.4.2010) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 190(4)(c), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2010/566, art. 3(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C38S. 69 extended (with modifications) (25.9.1991) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 22, Sch. 2 para. 9(1)(2) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3 (subject to art. 4)

S. 69 applied (with modifications) (2.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/1892, reg. 2(1), Sch. art. 7, Sch. 2 Pt. I

S. 69 applied (with modifications) (2.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/1892, reg. 2(1), Sch. art. 7, Sch. 2 Pt. II

C39S. 69: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

[F11569AThe register: additional requirements in relation to EnglandE+W

(1)A register kept under section 69 by a local planning authority in England must (in addition to the information prescribed under that section) also contain such information as is prescribed as to—

(a)prior approval applications made in connection with planning permission granted by a development order;

(b)the manner in which such applications have been dealt with by the authority;

(c)notifications of proposed development made in connection with planning permission granted by a development order;

(d)any actions taken by the authority following such notifications.

(2)A “prior approval application”, in connection with planning permission granted by a development order, means an application made to a local planning authority for—

(a)any approval of the authority required under the order, or

(b)a determination from the authority as to whether such approval is required.

(3)A “notification of proposed development”, in connection with planning permission granted by a development order, means a notification made to a local planning authority to meet a requirement under the order.

(4)The power in subsection (1)(b) to prescribe information as to the manner in which applications have been dealt with by a local planning authority includes power to prescribe information as to cases where the authority does not respond to an application.

(5)Where the register is kept in two or more parts, each part must contain such information as is prescribed relating to the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(a) and (c).

(6)A development order may also make provision—

(a)for a specified part of the register to contain copies of applications or notifications and of any documents or material submitted with them;

(b)for the entry relating to an application (and everything relating to it) to be removed from that part of the register when the application (including any appeal arising out of it) has been finally disposed of;

(c)for the entry relating to a notification (and everything relating to it) to be removed from that part of the register in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

(7)Provision under subsection (6)(b) or (c) does not prevent the inclusion of a different entry relating to the application or notification in another part of the register.

(8)Anything prescribed under this section must be prescribed by development order.

(9)A development order—

(a)may make different provision for different kinds of application or notification;

(b)may make provision which applies generally or only in relation to particular kinds of notification or application.]

Textual Amendments

Determination of applicationsE+W

70 Determination of applications: general considerations.E+W

(1)Where an application is made to a local planning authority for planning permission—

F116(a)subject to [F117section 62D(5) and] sections 91 and 92, they may grant planning permission, either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as they think fit; or

F116(b)they may refuse planning permission.

[F118(1A)Where an application is made to a local planning authority for permission in principle—

(a)they may grant permission in principle; or

(b)they may refuse permission in principle.]

(2)In dealing with [F119an application for planning permission or permission in principle] the authority shall have regard [F120to—

(a)the provisions of the development plan, so far as material to the application,

[F121(aza)a post-examination draft neighbourhood development plan, so far as material to the application,]

[F122(aa)any considerations relating to the use of the Welsh language, so far as material to the application;]

(b)any local finance considerations, so far as material to the application, and

(c)any other material considerations.]

[F123(2ZZA)The authority must determine an application for technical details consent in accordance with the relevant permission in principle.

This is subject to subsection (2ZZC).

(2ZZB)An application for technical details consent is an application for planning permission that—

(a)relates to land in respect of which permission in principle is in force,

(b)proposes development all of which falls within the terms of the permission in principle, and

(c)particularises all matters necessary to enable planning permission to be granted without any reservations of the kind referred to in section 92.

(2ZZC)Subsection (2ZZA) does not apply where—

(a)the permission in principle has been in force for longer than a prescribed period, and

(b)there has been a material change of circumstances since the permission came into force.

Prescribed” means prescribed for the purposes of this subsection in a development order.]

[F124(2ZA)Subsection (2)(aa) applies only in relation to Wales.]

[F125(2A)[F126Subsections (1A), (2)(b) and (2ZZA) to (2ZZC) do not] apply in relation to Wales.]

(3)Subsection (1) has effect subject to [F127section 65] and to the following provisions of this Act, to sections 66, 67, 72 and 73 of the M6Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 and to section 15 of the M7Health Services Act 1976.

[F128(3B)For the purposes of subsection (2)(aza) (but subject to subsections (3D) and (3E)) a draft neighbourhood development plan is a “post-examination draft neighbourhood development plan” if—

(a)a local planning authority have made a decision under paragraph 12(4) of Schedule 4B with the effect that a referendum or referendums are to be held on the draft plan under that Schedule,

(b)the Secretary of State has directed under paragraph 13B(2)(a) of that Schedule that a referendum or referendums are to be held on the draft plan under that Schedule,

(c)an examiner has recommended under paragraph 13(2)(a) of Schedule A2 to the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (examination of modified plan) that a local planning authority should make the draft plan, or

(d)an examiner has recommended under paragraph 13(2)(b) of that Schedule that a local planning authority should make the draft plan with modifications.

(3C)In the application of subsection (2)(aza) in relation to a post-examination draft neighbourhood development plan within subsection (3B)(d), the local planning authority must take the plan into account as it would be if modified in accordance with the recommendations.

(3D)A draft neighbourhood development plan within subsection (3B)(a) or (b) ceases to be a post-examination draft neighbourhood development plan for the purposes of subsection (2)(aza) if—

(a)section 38A(4)(a) (duty to make plan) or (6) (cases in which duty does not apply) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 applies in relation to the plan,

(b)section 38A(5) (power to make plan) of that Act applies in relation to the plan and the plan is made by the local planning authority,

(c)section 38A(5) of that Act applies in relation to the plan and the local planning authority decide not to make the plan,

(d)a single referendum is held on the plan and half or fewer of those voting in the referendum vote in favour of the plan, or

(e)two referendums are held on the plan and half or fewer of those voting in each of the referendums vote in favour of the plan.

(3E)A draft neighbourhood development plan within subsection (3B)(c) or (d) ceases to be a post-examination draft neighbourhood development plan for the purposes of subsection (2)(aza) if—

(a)the local planning authority make the draft plan (with or without modifications), or

(b)the local planning authority decide not to make the draft plan.

(3F)The references in subsection (3B) to Schedule 4B are to that Schedule as applied to neighbourhood development plans by section 38A(3) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.]

[F129(4)In this section—

  • local finance consideration” means—

    (a)

    a grant or other financial assistance that has been, or will or could be, provided to a relevant authority by a Minister of the Crown, or

    (b)

    sums that a relevant authority has received, or will or could receive, in payment of Community Infrastructure Levy;

  • Minister of the Crown” has the same meaning as in the Ministers of the Crown Act 1975;

  • relevant authority” means—

    (a)

    a district council;

    (b)

    a county council in England;

    (c)

    the Mayor of London;

    (d)

    the council of a London borough;

    (e)

    a Mayoral development corporation;

    (f)

    an urban development corporation;

    (g)

    a housing action trust;

    (h)

    the Council of the Isles of Scilly;

    (i)

    the Broads Authority;

    (j)

    a National Park authority in England;

    (k)

    the Homes and Communities Agency; or

    (l)

    a joint committee established under section 29 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.]

Textual Amendments

F116S. 70(1)(a)(b): functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.)(16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

F117Words in s. 70(1)(a) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 5; S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

F120Words in s. 70(2) substituted (15.1.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 143(2), 240(1)(i) (with ss. 143(5), 144)

F122S. 70(2)(aa) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 4.1.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 31(2), 58(2)(b)(4)(b) (with s. 31(4)); S.I. 2015/1987, art. 3(e)

F123S. 70(2ZZA)-(2ZZC) inserted (12.7.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 150(3)(b), 216(2)(c)

F124S. 70(2ZA) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 4.1.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 31(3), 58(2)(b)(4)(b) (with s. 31(4)); S.I. 2015/1987, art. 3(e)

F125S. 70(2A) inserted (15.1.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 143(3), 240(1)(i) (with ss. 143(5), 144)

F129S. 70(4) inserted (15.1.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 143(4), 240(1)(i) (with ss. 143(5), 144)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C45S. 70 modified (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 20(3), Sch. 5 Pt. III para. 19 (with ss. 54(5)(7), Sch. 17 paras. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1995/3198, art. 4,, Sch. 2

S. 70 applied (with modifications) (2.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/1892, reg. 2(1), Sch. art. 7, Sch. 2 Pt. I

S. 70 applied (with modifications) (2.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/1892, reg. 2(1), Sch. art. 7, Sch. 2 Pt. II

Marginal Citations

[F13170AF130[F131Power of local planning authority to decline to determine applications.][Power to decline to determine subsequent application.]E+W

(1)A local planning authority may decline to determine an application for planning permission for the development of any land if—

(a)within the period of two years ending with the date on which the application is received, the [F132Welsh Ministers have refused a similar application made to them under section 62D, 62F, 62M or 62O, or referred to them under section 77, or have] dismissed an appeal against the refusal of a similar application; and

(b)in the opinion of the authority there has been no significant change since the refusal or, as the case may be, dismissal mentioned in paragraph (a) in the development plan, so far as material to the application, or in any other material considerations.

(2)For the purposes of this section an application for planning permission for the development of any land shall only be taken to be similar to a later application if the development and the land to which the applications relate are in the opinion of the local planning authority the same or substantially the same.

(3)The reference in subsection (1)(a) to an appeal against the refusal of an application includes an appeal under section 78(2) in respect of an application.]

[F131(1)A local planning authority may decline to determine a relevant application if—

(a)any of the conditions in subsections (2) to (4) is satisfied, and

(b)the authority think there has been no significant change in the relevant considerations since the relevant event.

(2)The condition is that in the period of two years ending with the date on which the application mentioned in subsection (1) is received the Secretary of State has refused a similar application [F133made to the Secretary of State under section 62A or] referred to him under section 76A or 77.

(3)The condition is that in that period the Secretary of State has dismissed an appeal—

(a)against the refusal of a similar application, or

(b)under section 78(2) in respect of a similar application.

(4)The condition is that—

(a)in that period the local planning authority have refused more than one similar application, and

(b)there has been no appeal to the Secretary of State against any such refusal [F134or, if there has been such an appeal, it has been withdrawn].

[F135(4A)A local planning authority in England may also decline to determine a relevant application if—

(a)the condition in subsection (4B) is satisfied, and

(b)the authority think there has been no significant change in the relevant considerations since the relevant event.

(4B)The condition is that—

(a)in the period of two years ending with the date on which the application mentioned in subsection (4A) is received the Secretary of State has refused a similar application,

(b)the similar application was an application deemed to have been made by section 177(5), and

(c)the land to which the application mentioned in subsection (4A) and the similar application relate is in England.]

(5)A relevant application is—

(a)an application for planning permission for the development of any land;

[F136(aa)an application for permission in principle for the development of any land;]

(b)an application for approval in pursuance of [F137section 60(1A), (2)][F138, (2A) or (2B)].

(6)The relevant considerations are—

(a)the development plan so far as material to the application;

(b)any other material considerations.

(7)The relevant event is—

(a)for the purposes of subsections (2) [F139, (4) and (4B)] the refusal of the similar application;

(b)for the purposes of subsection (3) the dismissal of the appeal.

(8)[F140Subject to subsection (9), an application is similar] to another application if (and only if) the local planning authority think that the development and the land to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.]

[F141(9)An application within subsection (5)(a) or (b) is not similar to an earlier application within subsection (5)(aa).]

Textual Amendments

F130Ss. 70A, 70B substituted (24.8.2005 for E. in so far as relates to s. 70A, 6.4.2009 for E. in so far as relates to s. 70B, and not in force for W.) for s. 70A by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 43(1), 121 (with s. 111); S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2 (subject to savings in art. 4); S.I. 2009/384, art. 2(a)

F131Ss. 70A, 70B substituted (24.8.2005 for E. in so far as relates to s. 70A, 6.4.2009 for E. in so far as relates to s. 70B, and not in force for W.) for s. 70A by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 43(1), 121 (with s. 111); S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2 (subject to savings in art. 4); S.I. 2009/384, art. 2(a)

F132Words in s. 70A(1)(a) substituted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 6; S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

F133Words in s. 70A(2) inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 6; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

F134Words in s. 70A(4)(b) inserted (6.4.2009 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 187, 241, Sch. 7 para. 2(2) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5

F135S. 70A(4A)(4B) inserted (6.4.2009) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 187, 241, Sch. 7 para. 2(3) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

F137Words in s. 70A(5)(b) substituted (13.7.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 152(4), 216(3); S.I. 2016/733, reg. 3(e)

F138Words in s. 70A(5) inserted (25.4.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), ss. 4(2), 35(2)

F139Words in s. 70A(7)(a) substituted (6.4.2009) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 187, 241, Sch. 7 para. 2(4) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C49S. 70A applied (with modifications) (6.4.1992) by S.I. 1992/666, art. 13(1)(c), Sch. 4 Pts. I, II

S. 70A applied (with modifications) (6.4.2007) by The Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2004/783), reg. 14(3), Sch. 4 (as amended by S.I. 2007/1739, reg. 2(b))

C50S. 70A: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.)(16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

[F14270BPower to decline to determine overlapping applicationE+W

(1)A local planning authority may decline to determine an application for planning permission[F143, or permission in principle,] for the development of any land which is

[F144(a)made on the same day as a similar application, or

(b)] made at a time when any of the conditions in subsections (2) to (4) applies in relation to a similar application.

(2)The condition is that a similar application is under consideration by the local planning authority and the determination period for that application has not expired.

(3)The condition is that a similar application is under consideration by the Secretary of State in pursuance of section [F14562A,] 76A or 77 or on an appeal under section 78 and the Secretary of State has not issued his decision.

(4)The condition is that a similar application—

(a)has been granted by the local planning authority,

(b)has been refused by them, or

(c)has not been determined by them within the determination period,

and the time within which an appeal could be made to the Secretary of State under section 78 has not expired.

[F146(4A)A local planning authority in England may also decline to determine an application for planning permission[F147, or permission in principle,] for the development of any land in England which is made at a time when the condition in subsection (4B) applies in relation to a similar application.

(4B)The condition is that—

(a)a similar application is under consideration by the Secretary of State,

(b)the similar application is an application deemed to have been made by section 177(5), and

(c)the Secretary of State has not issued his decision.]

(5)An application F148... is similar to another application if (and only if) the local planning authority think that the development and the land to which the applications relate are the same or substantially the same.

(6)The determination period is—

(a)the period prescribed by the development order for the determination of the application, or

(b)such longer period as the applicant and the authority have agreed for the determination of the application.

[F149(7)If a local planning authority exercise their power under subsection (1)(a) to decline to determine an application made on the same day as a similar application, they may not also exercise that power to decline to determine the similar application.]]

Textual Amendments

F142Ss. 70A, 70B substituted (24.8.2005 (E.) in so far as relates to s. 70A and 6.4.2009 (E.) in so far as relates to s. 70B) for s. 70A by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 43(1), 121 (with s. 111); S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2 (subject to savings in art. 4); S.I. 2009/384, art. 2(a)

F144Words in s. 70B(1) inserted (6.4.2009 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 187, 241, Sch. 7 para. 3(2) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5

F145Word in s. 70B(3) inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 7; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

F146S. 70B(4A)(4B) inserted (6.4.2009) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 187, 241, Sch. 7 para. 3(3) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

F149S. 70B(7) inserted (6.4.2009 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 187, 241, Sch. 7 para. 3(4) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5

[F15070CPower to decline to determine retrospective applicationE+W

(1)A local planning authority F151... may decline to determine an application for planning permission [F152or permission in principle] for the development of any land if granting planning permission for the development would involve granting, whether in relation to the whole or any part of the land to which a pre-existing enforcement notice relates, planning permission in respect of the whole or any part of the matters specified in the enforcement notice as constituting a breach of planning control.

(2)For the purposes of the operation of this section in relation to any particular application for planning permission [F152or permission in principle], a “pre-existing enforcement notice” is an enforcement notice issued before the application was received by the local planning authority.]

Textual Amendments

F150S. 70C inserted (6.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 123(2), 240(2) (with s. 144); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(b) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F151Words in s. 70C(1) omitted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 32, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 11)

71 Consultations in connection with determinations under s. 70.E+W

[F153(1)A development order may provide that a local planning authority shall not determine an application for planning permission [F154or permission in principle] before the end of such period as may be prescribed.

(2)A development order may require a local planning authority—

(a)to take into account in determining such an application such representations, made within such period, as may be prescribed; and

(b)to give to any person whose representations have been taken into account such notice as may be prescribed of their decision.

[F155(2ZA)In subsections (1) and (2) references to an application for planning permission include references to an application for approval under section 61L(2).]

(2A)A development order making any provision by virtue of this section may make different provision for different cases or different classes of development.]

(3)Before a local planning authority grant planning permission for the use of land as a caravan site, they shall, unless they are also the authority with power to issue a site licence for that land, consult the local authority with that power.

[F156(3A)Subsection (3) does not apply in relation to planning permission granted by a neighbourhood development order.]

(4)In this section—

  • [F157prescribed ” means prescribed by a development order ]

  • site licence” means a licence under Part 1 of the M8Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 authorising the use of land as a caravan site [F158or under Part 2 of the Mobile Homes (Wales) Act 2013 authorising the use of the land as a site for mobile homes (within the meaning of that Act)].

Textual Amendments

F153S. 71(1)(2)(2A) substituted for s. 71(1)(2) (25.11.1991 for certain purposes and otherwise 17.7.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 16(2) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2728, art. 2; S.I. 1992/1491, art. 2

F155S. 71(2ZA) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 8(2); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4)

F156S. 71(3A) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 8(3); S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4)

F157S. 71(4) definition of "prescribed" substituted (17.7.1992) for definitions of “agricultural holding” and “owner” by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 32, Sch. 7 para.15 (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1992/1491, art. 2

F158Words in s. 71(4) inserted (5.11.2013) by Mobile Homes (Wales) Act 2013 (anaw 6), s. 64(1), Sch. 4 para. 6(2) (with Sch. 5 para. 7) (this amendment is to be treated as not having effect until 1.10.2014 by virtue of S.I. 2014/11, art. 3(2))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

[F15971ZADecision notices: WalesE+W

(1)A development order may include provision as to—

(a)the form of decision notices,

(b)the manner in which decision notices are to be given, and

(c)the particulars to be contained in decision notices.

(2)A decision notice must specify any plans or other documents in accordance with which the development to which it relates is to be carried out.

(3)Where the decision notice relating to a development specifies any plans or other documents in accordance with which the development is to be carried out, the planning permission relating to the development is deemed to be granted subject to the condition that the development must be carried out in accordance with those plans or other documents.

(4)Subsection (5) applies where, after planning permission is granted in respect of a development in Wales—

(a)a local planning authority or the Welsh Ministers give any consent, agreement or approval required by any condition or limitation subject to which the planning permission was granted, or

(b)such a condition or limitation is imposed, removed or altered.

(5)The local planning authority must give a revised version of the decision notice to such persons as may be specified by a development order.

(6)The revised version of the notice must contain such details relating to the giving of the consent, agreement or approval, or to the imposition, removal or alteration of the limitation or condition, as may be specified by a development order.

(7)In this section “decision notice” means a notice of a decision to grant planning permission in respect of a development in Wales.]

Textual Amendments

F159S. 71ZA inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 33(2), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, arts. 3(b), 5(b) (with art. 12)

[F16071ZBNotification of initiation of development and display of notice: WalesE+W

(1)Before beginning any development to which a relevant planning permission relates, a person must give to the local planning authority notice—

(a)stating the date on which the development is to begin;

(b)giving details of the planning permission and of such other matters as may be specified by a development order.

(2)A person carrying out development to which a relevant planning permission relates must display at or near the place where the development is being carried out, at all times when it is being carried out, a copy of any notice of a decision to grant it.

(3)A notice under subsection (1) must be in the form specified by a development order; and a copy of a notice to grant planning permission displayed under subsection (2) must be in a form specified by, and must be displayed in accordance with, such an order.

(4)A notice of a decision to grant a relevant planning permission must set out the duties imposed by subsections (1) to (3).

(5)A relevant planning permission is deemed to be granted subject to the condition that the duties imposed by subsections (1) to (3) must be complied with.

(6)For the purposes of this section a relevant planning permission is a planning permission of a description specified by a development order for the development of land in Wales.]

Textual Amendments

F160S. 71ZB inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 34, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, arts. 3(b), 5(b) (with art. 12)

[F16171AAssessment of environmental effects.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about the consideration to be given, before planning permission[F162, or permission in principle,] for development of any class specified in the regulations is granted, to the likely environmental effects of the proposed development.

(2)The regulations—

(a) may make the same provision as, or provision similar or corresponding to, any provision made, for the purposes of any [F163EU] obligation of the United Kingdom about the assessment of the likely effects of development on the environment, under section 2(2) of the M9 European Communities Act 1972; and

(b)may make different provision for different classes of development.

(3)Where a draft of regulations made in exercise both of the power conferred by this section and the power conferred by section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 is approved by resolution of each House of Parliament, section 333(3) shall not apply.]

Textual Amendments

Marginal Citations

72 Conditional grant of planning permission.E+W

(1)Without prejudice to the generality of section 70(1), conditions may be imposed on the grant of planning permission under that section—

(a)for regulating the development or use of any land under the control of the applicant (whether or not it is land in respect of which the application was made) or requiring the carrying out of works on any such land, so far as appears to the local planning authority to be expedient for the purposes of or in connection with the development authorised by the permission;

(b)for requiring the removal of any buildings or works authorised by the permission, or the discontinuance of any use of land so authorised, at the end of a specified period, and the carrying out of any works required for the reinstatement of land at the end of that period.

(2)A planning permission granted subject to such a condition as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b) is in this Act referred to as “planning permission granted for a limited period”.

(3)Where—

(a)planning permission is granted for development consisting of or including the carrying out of building or other operations subject to a condition that the operations shall be commenced not later than a time specified in the condition; and

(b)any building or other operations are commenced after the time so specified,

the commencement and carrying out of those operations do not constitute development for which that permission was granted.

(4)Subsection (3)(a) does not apply to a condition attached to the planning permission by or under section 91 or 92.

(5)Part I of Schedule 5 shall have effect for the purpose of making special provision with respect to the conditions which may be imposed on the grant of planning permission for development consisting of the winning and working of minerals [F164or involving the depositing of refuse or waste materials], and subsection (2) has effect subject to paragraph 1(6)(a) of that Schedule.

[F165(6)See also section 100ZA, which makes provision about restrictions on the power to impose conditions by virtue of this section on a grant of planning permission in relation to land in England.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C57S. 72: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.)(16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

C61S. 72(1)(a) modified (26.11.1992) by S.I. 1992/2683, reg. 2, Sch. para. 2

S. 72(1)(a) modified (3.6.1995) by S.I. 1995/1139, reg. 2, Sch. para. 1

73 Determination of applications to develop land without compliance with conditions previously attached.E+W

(1)This section applies, subject to subsection (4), to applications for planning permission for the development of land without complying with conditions subject to which a previous planning permission was granted.

(2)On such an application the local planning authority shall consider only the question of the conditions subject to which planning permission should be granted, and—

(a)if they decide that planning permission should be granted subject to conditions differing from those subject to which the previous permission was granted, or that it should be granted unconditionally, they shall grant planning permission accordingly, and

(b)if they decide that planning permission should be granted subject to the same conditions as those subject to which the previous permission was granted, they shall refuse the application.

[F166(2A)See also section 100ZA, which makes provision about restrictions on the power to impose conditions under subsection (2) on a grant of planning permission in relation to land in England.]

(3)[F167Special provision may be made with respect to such applications—

(a)by regulations under section 62 as regards the form and content of the application, and

(b)by a development order as regards the procedure to be followed in connection with the application.]

(4)This section does not apply if the previous planning permission was granted subject to a condition as to the time within which the development to which it related was to be begun and that time has expired without the development having been begun.

[F168(5)Planning permission must not be granted under this section [F169for the development of land in England] to the extent that it has effect to change a condition subject to which a previous planning permission was granted by extending the time within which—

(a)a development must be started;

(b)an application for approval of reserved matters (within the meaning of section 92) must be made.]

Textual Amendments

F167S. 73(3) repealed (6.8.2004 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 42(2), 120, 121, Sch. 9 (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2

F168S. 73(5) inserted (24.8.2005 for E and otherwise prosp.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 51(3), 121 (with s. 111); S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2 (subject to savings in art. 4)

F169Words in s. 73(5) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(7), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C62S. 73: functions of local authority not to be responsibility, of an executive of the authority (E.)(16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. A. 2

C63S. 73: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.)(16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

[F17073A Planning permission for development already carried out.E+W

(1)On an application made to a local planning authority, the planning permission which may be granted includes planning permission for development carried out before the date of the application.

(2)Subsection (1) applies to development carried out—

(a)without planning permission;

(b)in accordance with planning permission granted for a limited period; or

(c)without complying with some condition subject to which planning permission was granted.

(3)Planning permission for such development may be granted so as to have effect from—

(a)the date on which the development was carried out; or

(b)if it was carried out in accordance with planning permission granted for a limited period, the end of that period.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C67S. 73A: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.)(16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

74 Directions etc. as to method of dealing with applications.E+W

(1)Provision may be made by a development order for regulating the manner in which applications for planning permission[F171, or permission in principle,] to develop land are to be dealt with by local planning authorities, and in particular—

(a)for enabling the Secretary of State to give directions restricting the grant of planning permission [F172or permission in principle] by the local planning authority, either indefinitely or during such period as may be specified in the directions, in respect of any such development, or in respect of development of any such class, as may be so specified;

(b)for authorising the local planning authority, in such cases and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by the order or by directions given by the Secretary of State under it, to grant planning permission[F173, or permission in principle,] for development which does not accord with the provisions of the development plan;

(c)for requiring that, before planning permission [F174or permission in principle] for any development is granted or refused, local planning authorities prescribed by the order or by directions given by the Secretary of State under it shall consult with such authorities or persons as may be so prescribed;

(d)for requiring the local planning authority to give to any applicant for planning permission [F175or permission in principle], within such time as may be prescribed by the order, such notice as may be so prescribed as to the manner in which his application has been dealt with;

(e)for requiring the local planning authority to give any applicant for any consent, agreement or approval required by a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission notice of their decision on his application, within such time as may be so prescribed;

(f)for requiring the local planning authority to give to the Secretary of State, and to such other persons as may be prescribed by or under the order, such information as may be so prescribed with respect to applications for planning permission [F176or permission in principle] made to the authority, including information as to the manner in which any such application has been dealt with.

[F177(1ZA)In subsection (1)—

(a)in paragraph (c) the reference to planning permission for any development includes a reference to an approval under section 61L(2), and

(b)in paragraph (f) references to applications for planning permission include references to applications for approvals under section 61L(2).]

[F178(1A)Provision may be made by a development order—

(a)for determining the persons to whom applications under this Act are to be sent; and

(b)for requiring persons to whom such applications are sent to send copies to other interested persons.]

[F179(1B)Provision may be made by a development order—

(a)for enabling the Mayor of London in prescribed circumstances, and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, to direct the local planning authority for a [F180London borough—

(i)to consult with the Mayor of London before granting or refusing an application for planning permission, or permission in principle, that is an application of a prescribed description, or

(ii)to refuse] an application for planning permission[F181, or permission in principle,] of a prescribed description in any particular case;

(b)for prohibiting a local planning authority to which any such direction is given from implementing the direction in prescribed circumstances or during prescribed periods; and

(c)for modifying any provision of this Act relating to an appeal against a refusal of planning permission [F182or permission in principle] (and, in particular, any such provision concerning parties or costs) in its application in relation to a refusal in compliance with [F183a direction given by virtue of paragraph (a)(ii).]

F184...

[F185(1BA)In subsection (1B) “prescribed” means—

(a)prescribed by a development order, or

(b)specified in directions made under a development order by the Secretary of State or the Mayor of London.

(1BB)Matters prescribed under subsection (1B) by a development order may be prescribed by reference to the spatial development strategy, or a development plan document (within the meaning of Part 2 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004), as it has effect from time to time.]

(1C)In determining whether to exercise any power under subsection (1B) to direct a local planning authority to refuse an application, the Mayor of London shall have regard to—

(a)the development plan, and

(b)the spatial development strategy prepared and published under Part VIII of the Greater London Authority Act 1999,

so far as material to the application.]

(2)Subsection (1) is subject to the provisions of F186. . . sections 67(7) and 73(1) of the M10Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.

Textual Amendments

F177S. 74(1ZA) inserted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 9; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4)

F178S. 74(1A) inserted (25.11.1991 for certain purposes and otherwise 2.1.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 19(1), (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2728, art. 2; S.I. 1991/2905, art. 3 (subject to art. 5)

F179S. 74(1B)(1C) inserted (12.1.2000) by 1999 c. 29, s. 244(9) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 1999/3434, art. 2

F180Words in s. 74(1B)(a) substituted (12.5.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 149(2)(a), 216(1)(d)

F183Words in s. 74(1B)(c) substituted (12.5.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 149(2)(b), 216(1)(d)

F184Words in s. 74(1B) omitted (12.5.2016) by virtue of Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 149(2)(c), 216(1)(d)

F185S. 74(1BA)(1BB) inserted (12.5.2016) by Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22), ss. 149(3), 216(1)(d)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

[F18774ADeemed discharge of planning conditionsE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by development order make provision for the deemed discharge of a condition to which this section applies.

(2)This section applies to a condition which—

(a)has been imposed on the grant of planning permission for the development of land in England, and

(b)requires the consent, agreement or approval of a local planning authority to any matter.

(3)Deemed discharge of a condition means that the local planning authority's consent, agreement or approval to any matter as required by the condition is deemed to have been given.

(4)A development order which makes provision for deemed discharge of a condition must provide that the condition is deemed to be discharged only if—

(a)a person (“the applicant”) has applied to the local planning authority for the consent, agreement or approval required by the condition,

(b)the period for the authority to give notice of their decision on the application has elapsed without that notice having been given, and

(c)the applicant has taken such further steps (if any) as are prescribed under subsection (5).

(5)The Secretary of State may by development order make provision about the procedure for the deemed discharge of a planning condition and, in particular, provision—

(a)allowing or requiring steps to be taken by the applicant or the local planning authority;

(b)as to the time at which or period within which a step may or must be taken;

(c)as to the time at which the deemed discharge takes effect (including for this to be determined by the applicant, subject to such limitations as may be prescribed);

(d)for a time or period within paragraph (b) or (c) to be modified by agreement between the applicant and the local planning authority;

(e)as to the form or content of any notice which may or must be given as part of the procedure, and as to the means by which it may or must be given.

(6)The Secretary of State may by development order provide that provision for deemed discharge of a condition does not apply—

(a)in relation to a condition of a prescribed description;

(b)in relation to a condition imposed on the grant of planning permission of a prescribed description;

(c)in relation to a condition imposed on the grant of planning permission for development of a prescribed description;

(d)in other prescribed circumstances.

(7)The power in subsection (6)(d) includes power to provide that provision for deemed discharge of a condition does not apply where an applicant for planning permission and the local planning authority to whom the application is made agree, before or after planning permission is granted, that it should not apply in relation to a condition imposed on the grant of permission.

(8)The Secretary of State may by development order make provision for section 78(2) (appeals to the Secretary of State) not to apply, or to apply with modifications, where—

(a)a person has applied for the consent, agreement or approval of a local planning authority required by a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission,

(b)the local planning authority have not given notice to that person of their decision on the application within the period mentioned in section 78(2), and

(c)the person has taken such further steps (if any) as are prescribed to bring about the deemed discharge of the planning condition.

(9)A development order which makes provision for deemed discharge of a condition must limit the application of that provision to a condition imposed on the grant of planning permission following an application made after the development order comes into force.

(10)In this section—

  • condition” includes a limitation;

  • prescribed” means prescribed by development order made by the Secretary of State.]

Textual Amendments

F187S. 74A inserted (12.2.2015) by Infrastructure Act 2015 (c. 7), ss. 29, 57(5)(c)

75 Effect of planning permission [F188or permission in principle].E+W

(1)Without prejudice to the provisions of this Part as to the duration, revocation or modification of planning permission [F189or permission in principle], any grant of planning permission [F189or permission in principle] to develop land shall (except in so far as the permission otherwise provides) enure for the benefit of the land and of all persons for the time being interested in it.

(2)Where planning permission is granted for the erection of a building, the grant of permission may specify the purposes for which the building may be used.

(3)If no purpose is so specified, the permission shall be construed as including permission to use the building for the purpose for which it is designed.

[F19075ZBInformation about neighbourhood development plansE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a report of the kind mentioned in section 75ZA(1) recommends the grant of planning permission or permission in principle, and

(b)the proposed development is in an area for which a neighbourhood development plan (made under section 38A of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004) is in force.

(2)The report must—

(a)set out how the plan was taken into account in making the recommendation, and

(b)identify any points of conflict between the plan and the recommendation.]

[F191Applications made to the Welsh Ministers: applicable provisionsE+W

Textual Amendments

F191S. 75A and cross-heading inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 for specified purposes) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 4 para. 7; S.I. 2016/52, art. 3(e)

75AProvisions applying for purpose of applications made to the Welsh MinistersE+W

(1)A development order may provide for an applicable enactment or requirement—

(a)to apply, with or without modifications, to an application made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, 62M or 62O, or

(b)not to apply to such an application.

(2)For this purpose an applicable enactment or requirement, in relation to an application made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, 62M or 62O, is—

(a)any provision of or made under this Act, or any other enactment, relating to applications of that kind when made to the relevant authority;

(b)any requirements imposed by a development order in respect of applications of that kind when made to the relevant authority.

(3)The “relevant authority”, in relation to an application made to the Welsh Ministers under section 62D, 62M or 62O, is the authority to which, but for the section in question, the application would have been made.]

76 Duty to draw attention to certain provisions for benefit of disabled.E+W

F192. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F192S. 76 omitted (6.8.2004) by virtue of Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 118, 121, Sch. 6 para. 4 (with s. 111); S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2 and said section repealed (10.8.2006 for E. and 30.6.2007 for W.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 120, 121, Sch. 9 (with s. 111); S.I. 2006/1061, art. 3; S.I. 2007/1369, art. 2

Secretary of State’s powers as respects planning applications and decisionsE+W

[F19376AMajor infrastructure projectsE+W

(1)This section applies to—

(a)an application for planning permission;

(b)an application for the approval of a local planning authority required under a development order,

if the Secretary of State thinks that the development to which the application relates is of national or regional importance.

(2)The Secretary of State may direct that the application must be referred to him instead of being dealt with by the local planning authority.

(3)If the Secretary of State gives a direction under subsection (2) he may also direct that any application—

(a)under or for the purposes of the planning Acts, and

(b)which he thinks is connected with the application mentioned in subsection (1),

must also be referred to him instead of being dealt with by the local planning authority.

(4)If the Secretary of State gives a direction under this section—

(a)the application must be referred to him;

(b)he must appoint an inspector to consider the application.

(5)If the Secretary of State gives a direction under subsection (2) the applicant must prepare an economic impact report which must—

(a)be in such form and contain such matter as is prescribed by development order;

(b)be submitted to the Secretary of State in accordance with such provision as is so prescribed.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5) the Secretary of State may, by development order, prescribe such requirements as to publicity and notice as he thinks appropriate.

(7)A direction under this section or section 76B may be varied or revoked by a subsequent direction.

(8)The decision of the Secretary of State on any application referred to him under this section is final.

(9)Regional relates to a region listed in Schedule 1 to the Regional Development Agencies Act 1998 (c. 45).

(10)The following provisions of this Act apply (with any necessary modifications) to an application referred to the Secretary of State under this section as they apply to an application which falls to be determined by a local planning authority—

(a)section 70;

(b)section 72(1) and (5);

(c)section 73;

(d)section 73A.

(11)A development order may apply (with or without modifications) any requirements imposed by the order by virtue of section 65 or 71 to an application referred to the Secretary of State under this section.

(12)This section does not apply to an application which relates to the development of land in Wales.

Textual Amendments

F193Ss. 76A, 76B inserted (6.8.2004 for certain purposes, 24.8.2005 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 44, 121; S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2 (subject to savings in art. 4)

76BMajor infrastructure projects: inspectorsE+W

(1)This section applies if the Secretary of State appoints an inspector under section 76A(4)(b) (the lead inspector).

(2)The Secretary of State may direct the lead inspector—

(a)to consider such matters relating to the application as are prescribed;

(b)to make recommendations to the Secretary of State on those matters.

(3)After considering any recommendations of the lead inspector the Secretary of State may—

(a)appoint such number of additional inspectors as he thinks appropriate;

(b)direct that each of the additional inspectors must consider such matters relating to the application as the lead inspector decides.

(4)An additional inspector must—

(a)comply with such directions as to procedural matters as the lead inspector gives;

(b)report to the lead inspector on the matters he is appointed to consider.

(5)A copy of directions given as mentioned in subsection (4)(a) must be given to—

(a)the person who made the application;

(b)the local planning authority;

(c)any other person who requests it.

(6)If the Secretary of State does not act under subsection (3) he must direct the lead inspector to consider the application on his own.

(7)In every case the lead inspector must report to the Secretary of State on—

(a)his consideration of the application;

(b)the consideration of the additional inspectors (if any) of the matters mentioned in subsection (3)(b).

(8)The function of the lead inspector in pursuance of subsection (2)—

(a)may be exercised from time to time;

(b)includes making recommendations as to the number of additional inspectors required from time to time.

(9)The power of the Secretary of State under subsection (3) to appoint an additional inspector includes power to revoke such an appointment.]

Textual Amendments

F193Ss. 76A, 76B inserted (6.8.2004 for certain purposes, 24.8.2005 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), ss. 44, 121; S.I. 2004/2097, art. 2; S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2 (subject to savings in art. 4)

[F19476CProvisions applying to applications made under section 62AE+W

(1)Sections 62(3) and (4), 65(5), 70 to 70C, 72(1) and (5) and 73A apply, with any necessary modifications, to an application for planning permission made to the Secretary of State under section 62A as they apply to an application for planning permission which is to be determined by the local planning authority.

(2)Any requirements imposed by a development order by virtue of section 62, 65 or 71 or paragraph 8(6) of Schedule 1 may be applied by a development order, with or without modifications, to an application for planning permission made to the Secretary of State under section 62A.

[F195(2A)Sections 65(5) and 70 to 70C apply, with any necessary modifications, to an application for permission in principle made to the Secretary of State under section 62A as they apply to an application for permission in principle which is to be determined by the local planning authority.

(2B)Any requirements imposed by a development order by virtue of section 62(1), (2) or (8), 65 or 71 or paragraph 8(6) of Schedule 1 may be applied by a development order, with or without modifications, to an application for permission in principle made to the Secretary of State under section 62A.]

(3)Where an application is made to the Secretary of State under section 62A(3) instead of to the authority to whom it would otherwise have been made, a development order may apply, with or without modifications, to the application any enactment that relates to applications of that kind when made to that authority.

Textual Amendments

F194Ss. 76C-76E inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 5; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

76DDeciding applications made under section 62AE+W

(1)An application made to the Secretary of State under section 62A (“a direct application”) is to be determined by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose instead of by the Secretary of State, subject to section 76E.

(2)Where a person has been appointed under subsection (1) or this subsection to determine a direct application then, at any time before the person has determined the application, the Secretary of State may—

(a)revoke the person's appointment; and

(b)appoint another person to determine the application instead.

(3)A person appointed under this section to determine an application for planning permission [F196or permission in principle] made to the Secretary of State under section 62A has the same powers and duties that the Secretary of State has under section 76C.

(4)Where a direct application is determined by a person appointed under this section, the person's decision is to be treated as that of the Secretary of State.

(5)Except as provided by Part 12, the validity of that decision is not to be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever.

(6)It is not a ground of application to the High Court under section 288 that a direct application ought to have been determined by the Secretary of State and not by a person appointed under this section unless the applicant challenges the person's power to determine the direct application before the person's decision on the direct application is given.

(7)Where any enactment (other than this section and section 319A)—

(a)refers (or is to be read as referring) to the Secretary of State in a context relating to or capable of relating to an application made under section 62A (otherwise than by referring to the application having been made to the Secretary of State), or

(b)refers (or is to be read as referring) to anything (other than the making of the application) done or authorised or required to be done by, to or before the Secretary of State in connection with any such application,

then, so far as the context permits, the enactment is to be read, in relation to an application determined or to be determined by a person appointed under this section, as if the reference to the Secretary of State were or included a reference to that person.

Textual Amendments

F194Ss. 76C-76E inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 5; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

76EApplications under section 62A: determination by Secretary of StateE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may direct that an application made to the Secretary of State under section 62A (“a direct application”) is to be determined by the Secretary of State instead of by a person appointed under section 76D.

(2)Where a direction is given under subsection (1), the Secretary of State must serve a copy of the direction on—

(a)the person, if any, appointed under section 76D to determine the application concerned,

(b)the applicant, and

(c)the local planning authority.

(3)Where a direct application is to be determined by the Secretary of State in consequence of a direction under subsection (1)—

(a)in determining the application, the Secretary of State may take into account any report made to the Secretary of State by any person previously appointed to determine the application, and

(b)subject to that, the provisions of the planning Acts which are relevant to the application apply to it as if section 76D had never applied to it.

(4)The Secretary of State may by a further direction revoke a direction under subsection (1) at any time before the determination of the direct application concerned.

(5)Where a direction is given under subsection (4), the Secretary of State must serve a copy of the direction on—

(a)the person, if any, previously appointed under section 76D to determine the application concerned,

(b)the applicant, and

(c)the local planning authority.

(6)Where a direction is given under subsection (4) in relation to a direct application—

(a)anything done by or on behalf of the Secretary of State in connection with the application which might have been done by a person appointed under section 76D to determine the application is, unless the person appointed under section 76D to determine the application directs otherwise, to be treated as having been done by that person, and

(b)subject to that, section 76D applies to the application as if no direction under subsection (1) had been given in relation to the application.]

Textual Amendments

F194Ss. 76C-76E inserted (9.5.2013 for E. for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(1), Sch. 1 para. 5; S.I. 2013/1124, art. 2; S.I. 2013/2143, art. 2(1)(a); S.I. 2014/1531, art. 2

77 Reference of applications to Secretary of State.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may give directions requiring applications for planning permission [F197or permission in principle], or for the approval of any local planning authority required under a development order [F198, a local development order or a neighbourhood development order], to be referred to him instead of being dealt with by local planning authorities.

(2)A direction under this section—

(a)may be given either to a particular local planning authority or to local planning authorities generally; and

(b)may relate either to a particular application or to applications of a class specified in the direction.

(3)Any application in respect of which a direction under this section has effect shall be referred to the Secretary of State accordingly.

(4)Subject to [F199subsection (5)—

(a)where] an application for planning permission is referred to the Secretary of State under this section, sections [F20070, 72(1) and (5), 73 and 73A] shall apply, with any necessary modifications, as they apply to such an application which falls to be determined by the [F201local planning authority;

(b)where an application for permission in principle is referred to the Secretary of State under this section, section 70 shall apply, with any necessary modifications, as it applies to such an application which falls to be determined by the local planning authority;

and] [F202a development order may apply, with or without modifications, to an application so referred any requirements imposed by such an order by virtue of section 65 or 71].

(5)Before determining an application referred to him under this section, the Secretary of State shall, if either the applicant or the local planning authority wish, give each of them an opportunity of appearing before, and being heard by, a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose.

(6)Subsection (5) does not apply to an application for planning permission referred to a Planning Inquiry Commission under section 101.

[F203(6A)Subsection (5) does not apply to an application referred to the Welsh Ministers under this section instead of being dealt with by a local planning authority in Wales.]

(7)The decision of the Secretary of State on any application referred to him under this section shall be final.

Textual Amendments

F198Words in s. 77(1) substituted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 10; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13,