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Environmental Protection Act 1990

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82 Summary proceedings by persons aggrieved by statutory nuisances.E+W+S

(1)A magistrates’ court may act under this section on a complaint [F1or, in Scotland, the sheriff may act under this section on a summary application,] made by any person on the ground that he is aggrieved by the existence of a statutory nuisance.

(2)If the magistrates’ court [F2or, in Scotland, the sheriff] is satisfied that the alleged nuisance exists, or that although abated it is likely to recur on the same premises [F3or, in the case of a nuisance within section 79(1)(ga) above, in the same street][F2or, in Scotland, road], the court [F2or the sheriff] shall make an order for either or both of the following purposes—

(a)requiring the defendant [F2or, in Scotland, defender] to abate the nuisance, within a time specified in the order, and to execute any works necessary for that purpose;

(b)prohibiting a recurrence of the nuisance, and requiring the defendant [F2or defender], within a time specified in the order, to execute any works necessary to prevent the recurrence;

and [F2, in England and Wales,] may also impose on the defendant a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)If the magistrates’ court [F4or the sheriff] is satisfied that the alleged nuisance exists and is such as, in the opinion of the court [F4or of the sheriff], to render premises unfit for human habitation, an order under subsection (2) above may prohibit the use of the premises for human habitation until the premises are, to the satisfaction of the court [F4or of the sheriff], rendered fit for that purpose.

(4)Proceedings for an order under subsection (2) above shall be brought—

(a)except in a case falling within [F5paragraph (b), (c) or (d) below], against the person responsible for the nuisance;

(b)where the nuisance arises from any defect of a structural character, against the owner of the premises;

(c)where the person responsible for the nuisance cannot be found, against the owner or occupier of the premises.

[F6(d)in the case of a statutory nuisance within section 79(1)(ga) above caused by noise emitted from or caused by an unattended vehicle or unattended machinery or equipment, against the person responsible for the vehicle, machinery or equipment.]

(5)[F7Subject to subsection (5A) below, where] more than one person is responsible for a statutory nuisance, subsections (1) to (4) above shall apply to each of those persons whether or not what any one of them is responsible for would by itself amount to a nuisance.

[F8(5A)In relation to a statutory nuisance within section 79(1)(ga) above for which more than one person is responsible (whether or not what any one of those persons is responsible for would by itself amount to such a nuisance), subsection (4)(a) above shall apply with the substitution of “each person responsible for the nuisance who can be found” for “the person responsible for the nuisance”.

(5B)In relation to a statutory nuisance within section 79(1)(ga) above caused by noise emitted from or caused by an unattended vehicle or unattended machinery or equipment for which more than one person is responsible, subsection (4)(d) above shall apply with the substitution of “any person” for “the person”.]

(6)Before instituting proceedings for an order under subsection (2) above against any person, the person aggrieved by the nuisance shall give to that person such notice in writing of his intention to bring the proceedings as is applicable to proceedings in respect of a nuisance of that description and the notice shall specify the matter complained of.

(7)The notice of the bringing of proceedings in respect of a statutory nuisance required by subsection (6) above which is applicable is—

(a)in the case of a nuisance falling within paragraph (g) [F9or (ga)] of section 79(1) above, not less than three days’ notice; and

(b)in the case of a nuisance of any other description, not less than twenty-one days’ notice;

but the Secretary of State may, by order, provide that this subsection shall have effect as if such period as is specified in the order were the minimum period of notice applicable to any description of statutory nuisance specified in the order.

(8)A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any requirement or prohibition imposed by an order under subsection (2) above shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale together with a further fine of an amount equal to one-tenth of that level for each day on which the offence continues after the conviction.

(9)Subject to subsection (10) below, in any proceedings for an offence under subsection (8) above in respect of a statutory nuisance it shall be a defence to prove that the best practicable means were used to prevent, or to counteract the effects of, the nuisance.

(10)The defence under subsection (9) above is not available—

(a)in the case of a nuisance falling within paragraph (a), (d), (e), (f) [F10, (fa)] or (g) of section 79(1) above except where the nuisance arises on industrial, trade or business premises;

[F11(aza)in the case of a nuisance falling within paragraph (fb) of section 79(1) above except where—

(i)the artificial light is emitted from industrial, trade or business premises, or

(ii)the artificial light (not being light to which sub-paragraph (i) applies) is emitted by lights used for the purpose only of illuminating an outdoor relevant sports facility;]

[F12(aa)in the case of a nuisance falling within paragraph (ga) of section 79(1) above except where the noise is emitted from or caused by a vehicle, machinery or equipment being used for industrial, trade or business purposes;]

(b)in the case of a nuisance falling within paragraph (b) of section 79(1) above except where the smoke is emitted from a chimney;

(c)in the case of a nuisance falling within paragraph (c) or (h) of section 79(1) above; and

(d)in the case of a nuisance which is such as to render the premises unfit for human habitation.

[F13(10A)For the purposes of subsection (10)(aza) “relevant sports facility” has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of section 80(8)(aza).]

(11)If a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (8) above, a magistrates’ court [F14or the sheriff] may, after giving the local authority in whose area the nuisance has occurred an opportunity of being heard, direct the authority to do anything which the person convicted was required to do by the order to which the conviction relates.

(12)Where on the hearing of proceedings for an order under subsection (2) above it is proved that the alleged nuisance existed at the date of the making of the complaint [F15or summary application], then, whether or not at the date of the hearing it still exists or is likely to recur, the court [F15or the sheriff] shall order the [F16defendant or defender (or defendants or defenders] in such proportions as appears fair and reasonable) to pay to the person bringing the proceedings such amount as the court [F15or the sheriff] considers reasonably sufficient to compensate him for any expenses properly incurred by him in the proceedings.

(13)If it appears to the magistrates’ court [F17or to the sheriff] that neither the person responsible for the nuisance nor the owner or occupier of the premises [F18or (as the case may be) the person responsible for the vehicle, machinery or equipment] can be found the court [F17or the sheriff] may, after giving the local authority in whose area the nuisance has occurred an opportunity of being heard, direct the authority to do anything which the court [F17or the sheriff] would have ordered that person to do.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E1Ss. 79-82, which previously extended to England and Wales only, extend to Scotland from 1.4.1996 (except where specified) by virtue of the repeal of s. 83 of this Act by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(3), Sch. 24; S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 82(1) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(a) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F2Words in s. 82(2) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(b) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F3Words in s. 82(2) inserted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(2), 12(1)

F4Words in s. 82(3) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(c) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F5Words in s. 82(4)(a) substituted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(3)(a), 12(1)

F6S. 82(4)(d) added (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(3)(b), 12(1)

F7Words in s. 82(5) substituted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(4), 12(1)

F8S. 82(5A)(5B) inserted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(5), 12(1)

F9Words in s. 82(7)(a) inserted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(6), 12(1)

F10Words in s. 82(10)(a) inserted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 31.1.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 103(4)(a), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2; S.I. 2006/2797, art. 6(b) (as amended (30.1.2007) by S.I. 2007/120, art. 3)

F11S. 82(10)(aza) inserted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 31.1.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 103(4)(b), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2; S.I. 2006/2797, art. 7(b) (as amended (30.1.2007) by S.I. 2007/120, art. 3)

F12S. 82(10)(aa) inserted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(7), 12(1)

F13S. 82(10A) inserted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 31.1.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 103(5), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2; S.I. 2006/2797, art. 7(b) (as amended (30.1.2007) by S.I. 2007/120, art. 3)

F14Words in s. 82(11) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(d) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F15Words in s. 82(12) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(e) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F16Words in s. 82(12) substituted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(e) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F17Words in s. 82(13) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 107, Sch. 17 para. 6(f) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 3

F18Words in s. 82(13) inserted (E.W.) (5.1.1994) by 1993 c. 40, ss. 5(8), 12(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 82 restricted (1.4.2000) by S.I. 2000/823, art. 3

C2S. 82(1) excluded (conditionally) (20.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/2336, art. 23(1)

C7S. 82(2) restricted (22.7.2008) by Crossrail Act 2008 (c. 18), s. 21(1)

C10S. 82(2) restricted (9.6.2009) by The Nottingham Express Transit System Order (S.I. 2009/1300), {art. 78(1)} (with Sch. 16)

C11S. 82(2) restricted (18.9.2009) by The London Underground (Victoria Station Upgrade) Order (S.I. 2009/2364), {art. 38(1)}

C14S. 82(8) restricted (13.4.2001) by S.I. 2001/1478, reg. 3(b)

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