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Environmental Protection Act 1990

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[F278APreliminary.E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. IIA (ss. 78A-78YC) extended (with modifications) (S.) (1.4.2007 for certain purposes, otherwise 30.10.2007) by The Radioactive Contaminated Land (Scotland) Regulations (S.S.I. 2007/179), regs. 1(1)(2), {2-15} (as amended (10.12.2007) by S.I. 2007/3240, reg. 3 (with reg. 2))

(1)The following provisions have effect for the interpretation of this Part.

(2)Contaminated land” is any land which appears to the local authority in whose area it is situated to be in such a condition, by reason of substances in, on or under the land, that—

(a)significant harm is being caused or there is a significant possibility of such harm being caused; or

(b)pollution of controlled waters is being, or is likely to be, caused;

and, in determining whether any land appears to be such land, a local authority shall, subject to subsection (5) below, act in accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 78YA below with respect to the manner in which that determination is to be made.

(3)A “special site” is any contaminated land—

(a)which has been designated as such a site by virtue of section 78C(7) or 78D(6) below; and

(b)whose designation as such has not been terminated by the appropriate Agency under section 78Q(4) below.

(4)Harm” means harm to the health of living organisms or other interference with the ecological systems of which they form part and, in the case of man, includes harm to his property.

(5)The questions—

(a)what harm [F3or pollution of the water environment] is to be regarded as “significant”,

(b)whether the possibility of significant harm [F4or of significant pollution of the water environment] being caused is “significant”,

[F5whether pollution of controlled waters is being, or is likely to be caused,]

shall be determined in accordance with guidance issued for the purpose by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 78YA below.

(6)Without prejudice to the guidance that may be issued under subsection (5) above, guidance under paragraph (a) of that subsection may make provision for different degrees of importance to be assigned to, or for the disregard of,—

(a)different descriptions of living organisms or ecological systems [F6or substances which may give rise to pollution;] ;

(b)different descriptions of places [F7or of the water environment, or different degrees of pollution] ; or

(c)different descriptions of harm to health or property, or other interference;

and guidance under paragraph (b) of that subsection may make provision for different degrees of possibility to be regarded as “significant” (or as not being “significant”) in relation to different descriptions of significant harm [F8or of significant pollution] .

(7)Remediation” means—

(a)the doing of anything for the purpose of assessing the condition of—

(i)the contaminated land in question;

(ii)any controlled waters affected by that land; or

(iii)any land adjoining or adjacent to that land;

(b)the doing of any works, the carrying out of any operations or the taking of any steps in relation to any such land or waters for the purpose—

(i)of preventing or minimising, or remedying or mitigating the effects of, any significant harm, or any pollution of controlled waters, by reason of which the contaminated land is such land; or

(ii)of restoring the land or waters to their former state; or

(c)the making of subsequent inspections from time to time for the purpose of keeping under review the condition of the land or waters;

and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.

(8)Controlled waters are “affected by” contaminated land if (and only if) it appears to the enforcing authority that the contaminated land in question is, for the purposes of subsection (2) above, in such a condition, by reason of substances in, on or under the land, that pollution of those waters is being, or is likely to be caused.

(9)The following expressions have the meaning respectively assigned to them—

  • the appropriate Agency” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England and Wales, the Environment Agency;

    (b)

    in relation to Scotland, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency;

  • appropriate person” means any person who is an appropriate person, determined in accordance with section 78F below, to bear responsibility for any thing which is to be done by way of remediation in any particular case;

  • charging notice” has the meaning given by section 78P(3)(b) below;

  • controlled waters”—

    (a)

    in relation to England and Wales, has the same meaning as in Part III of the M1Water Resources Act 1991 [F9 except that “ground waters” does not include waters contained in underground strata but above the saturation zone] ; and

    (b)

    in relation to Scotland, has the same meaning as in section 30A of the M2Control of Pollution Act 1974;

  • creditor” has the same meaning as in the M3Conveyancing and Feudal Reform (Scotland) Act 1970;

  • enforcing authority” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a special site, the appropriate Agency;

    (b)

    in relation to contaminated land other than a special site, the local authority in whose area the land is situated;

  • heritable security” has the same meaning as in the M4Conveyancing and Feudal Reform (Scotland) Act 1970;

  • local authority” in relation to England and Wales means—

    (a)

    any unitary authority;

    (b)

    any district council, so far as it is not a unitary authority;

    (c)

    the Common Council of the City of London and, as respects the Temples, the Sub-Treasurer of the Inner Temple and the Under-Treasurer of the Middle Temple respectively;

    and in relation to Scotland means a council for an area constituted under section 2 of the M5Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994;

  • notice” means notice in writing;

  • notification” means notification in writing;

  • owner”, in relation to any land in England and Wales, means a person (other than a mortgagee not in possession) who, whether in his own right or as trustee for any other person, is entitled to receive the rack rent of the land, or, where the land is not let at a rack rent, would be so entitled if it were so let;

  • owner”, in relation to any land in Scotland, means a person (other than a creditor in a heritable security not in possession of the security subjects) for the time being entitled to receive or who would, if the land were let, be entitled to receive, the rents of the land in connection with which the word is used and includes a trustee, factor, guardian or curator and in the case of public or municipal land includes the persons to whom the management of the land is entrusted;

  • pollution of controlled waters” means the entry into controlled waters of any poisonous, noxious or polluting matter or any solid waste matter;

  • prescribed” means prescribed by regulations;

  • regulations” means regulations made by the Secretary of State;

  • remediation declaration” has the meaning given by section 78H(6) below;

  • remediation notice” has the meaning given by section 78E(1) below;

  • remediation statement” has the meaning given by section 78H(7) below;

  • required to be designated as a special site” shall be construed in accordance with section 78C(8) below;

  • substance” means any natural or artificial substance, whether in solid or liquid form or in the form of a gas or vapour;

  • unitary authority” means—

    (a)

    the council of a county, so far as it is the council of an area for which there are no district councils;

    (b)

    the council of any district comprised in an area for which there is no county council;

    (c)

    the council of a London borough;

    (d)

    the council of a county borough in Wales.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Pt. IIA (ss. 78A-78YC) inserted (in force at 21.9.1995 for certain purposes only, at 1.4.2000 for E. insofar as not already in force, at 14.7.2000 for S. for certain purposes and otherwise 14.7.2000) by 1995 c. 25, s.57 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/1983, art.3; S.I. 2000/340, art. 2(a); S.S.I. 2000/180, art. 2(1)(a)(2); S.I. 2000/1986, art. 2

F9In s. 78A(9) in definition of "controlled waters" words inserted (1.10.2004 for E. and 11.11.2004 for W.) by Water Act 2003 (c. 37), ss. 86(2)(f), 105; S.I. 2004/2528, art. 2(q) (with art. 4, Sch.); S.I. 2004/2916, art. 2(e)

Commencement Information

I1This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland

Marginal Citations

F278A Preliminary.S

(1)The following provisions have effect for the interpretation of this Part.

(2)Contaminated land” is any land which appears to the local authority in whose area it is situated to be in such a condition, by reason of substances in, on or under the land, that—

(a)significant harm is being caused or there is a significant possibility of such harm being caused; or

[F10(b)significant pollution of the water environment is being caused or there is a significant possibility of such pollution being caused.]

and, in determining whether any land appears to be such land, a local authority shall, subject to subsection (5) below, act in accordance with guidance issued by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 78YA below with respect to the manner in which that determination is to be made.

(3)A “special site” is any contaminated land—

(a)which has been designated as such a site by virtue of section 78C(7) or 78D(6) below; and

(b)whose designation as such has not been terminated by the appropriate Agency under section 78Q(4) below.

(4)[F11Subject to sub section (4A), “harm] means harm to the health of living organisms or other interference with the ecological systems of which they form part and, in the case of man, includes harm to his property.

[F12(4A)Harm”, in relation to the water environment has the same meaning as in section 20(6) of the Water Environment and Water Services (Scotland) Act 2003.]

(5)The questions—

(a)what harm [F3or pollution of the water environment] is to be regarded as “significant”,

(b)whether the possibility of significant harm [F4or of significant pollution of the water environment] being caused is “significant”,

(c)F5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

shall be determined in accordance with guidance issued for the purpose by the Secretary of State in accordance with section 78YA below.

(6)Without prejudice to the guidance that may be issued under subsection (5) above, guidance under paragraph (a) of that subsection may make provision for different degrees of importance to be assigned to, or for the disregard of,—

(a)different descriptions of living organisms or ecological systems [F6or substances which may give rise to pollution;]

(b)different descriptions of places [F7or of the water environment, or different degrees of pollution]; or

(c)different descriptions of harm to health or property, or other interference;

and guidance under paragraph (b) of that subsection may make provision for different degrees of possibility to be regarded as “significant” (or as not being “significant”) in relation to different descriptions of significant harm [F8or of significant pollution].

(7)Remediation” means—

(a)the doing of anything for the purpose of assessing the condition of—

(i)the contaminated land in question;

(ii)[F13the water environment] affected by that land; or

(iii)any land adjoining or adjacent to that land;

(b)the doing of any works, the carrying out of any operations or the taking of any steps in relation to any such land or [F14the water environment] for the purpose—

(i)of preventing or minimising, or remedying or mitigating the effects of, any significant harm, or any [F15significant] pollution of [F16the water environment], by reason of which the contaminated land is such land; or

(ii)of restoring the land or [F17water environment to its] former state; or

(c)the making of subsequent inspections from time to time for the purpose of keeping under review the condition of the land or [F18the water environment];

and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.

(8)[F19The water environment is]affected by” contaminated land if (and only if) it appears to the enforcing authority that the contaminated land in question is, for the purposes of subsection (2) above, in such a condition, by reason of substances in, on or under the land, that [F20significant pollution of the water environment is being caused or there is a significant possibility of such pollution being caused].

(9)The following expressions have the meaning respectively assigned to them—

  • the appropriate Agency” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England and Wales, the Environment Agency;

    (b)

    in relation to Scotland, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency;

  • appropriate person” means any person who is an appropriate person, determined in accordance with section 78F below, to bear responsibility for any thing which is to be done by way of remediation in any particular case;

  • charging notice” has the meaning given by section 78P(3)(b) below;

  • F21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • creditor” has the same meaning as in the M3Conveyancing and Feudal Reform (Scotland) Act 1970;

  • enforcing authority” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a special site, the appropriate Agency;

    (b)

    in relation to contaminated land other than a special site, the local authority in whose area the land is situated;

  • heritable security” has the same meaning as in the M4Conveyancing and Feudal Reform (Scotland) Act 1970;

  • local authority” in relation to England and Wales means—

    (a)

    any unitary authority;

    (b)

    any district council, so far as it is not a unitary authority;

    (c)

    the Common Council of the City of London and, as respects the Temples, the Sub-Treasurer of the Inner Temple and the Under-Treasurer of the Middle Temple respectively;

    and in relation to Scotland means a council for an area constituted under section 2 of the M5Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994;

  • notice” means notice in writing;

  • notification” means notification in writing;

  • owner”, in relation to any land in England and Wales, means a person (other than a mortgagee not in possession) who, whether in his own right or as trustee for any other person, is entitled to receive the rack rent of the land, or, where the land is not let at a rack rent, would be so entitled if it were so let;

  • owner”, in relation to any land in Scotland, means a person (other than a creditor in a heritable security not in possession of the security subjects) for the time being entitled to receive or who would, if the land were let, be entitled to receive, the rents of the land in connection with which the word is used and includes a trustee, factor, guardian or curator and in the case of public or municipal land includes the persons to whom the management of the land is entrusted;

  • [F22pollution”, in relation to the water environment, means the direct or indirect introduction, as a result of human activity, of substances into the water environment, or any part of it, which may give rise to any harm]

  • F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • prescribed” means prescribed by regulations;

  • regulations” means regulations made by the Secretary of State;

  • remediation declaration” has the meaning given by section 78H(6) below;

  • remediation notice” has the meaning given by section 78E(1) below;

  • remediation statement” has the meaning given by section 78H(7) below;

  • required to be designated as a special site” shall be construed in accordance with section 78C(8) below;

  • substance” means any natural or artificial substance, whether in solid or liquid form or in the form of a gas or vapour;

  • unitary authority” means—

    (a)

    the council of a county, so far as it is the council of an area for which there are no district councils;

    (b)

    the council of any district comprised in an area for which there is no county council;

    (c)

    the council of a London borough;

    (d)

    the council of a county borough in Wales.

  • [F24the water environment” has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Water Environment and Water Services (Scotland) Act 2003]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Pt. IIA (ss. 78A-78YC) inserted (in force at 21.9.1995 for certain purposes only, at 1.4.2000 for E. insofar as not already in force, at 14.7.2000 for S. for certain purposes and otherwise 14.7.2000) by 1995 c. 25, s.57 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1995/1983, art.3; S.I. 2000/340, art. 2(a); S.S.I. 2000/180, art. 2(1)(a)(2); S.I. 2000/1986, art. 2

F20Words in s. 78A(8) from "pollution" to the end deleted and substituted (S.) (1.4.2006) by The Contaminated Land (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/658), regs. 1, 2(3)(k)(ii)

F21In s. 78A(9) definition of "controlled waters" deleted (S.) (1.4.2006) by The Contaminated Land (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/658), regs. 1, 2(3)(l)(i)(aa)

F22In s. 78A(9) definition of "pollution" inserted (S.) (1.4.2006) by The Contaminated Land (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/658), regs. 1, 2(3)(l)(ii)

F23In s. 78A(9) definition of "pollution of controlled waters" deleted (S.) (1.4.2006) by The Contaminated Land (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/658), regs. 1, 2(3)(l)(i)(bb)

F24In s. 78A(9) definition of "the water environment" inserted (S.) (1.4.2006) by The Contaminated Land (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/658), regs. 1, 2(3)(l)(ii)

Commencement Information

I2This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales

Marginal Citations

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