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Environmental Protection Act 1990

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Environmental Protection Act 1990, Section 29 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 04 June 2020. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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29 Preliminary.E+W+S

(1)The following provisions have effect for the interpretation of this Part.

[F1(1A)Appropriate person” means—

(a)in relation to England, the Secretary of State;

(b)in relation to Wales, the National Assembly for Wales.]

(2)The “environment” consists of all, or any, of the following media, namely land, water and the air.

(3)Pollution of the environment” means pollution of the environment due to the release or escape (into any environmental medium) from—

(a)the land on which controlled waste [F2or extractive waste] is treated,

(b)the land on which controlled waste [F2or extractive waste] is kept,

(c)the land in or on which controlled waste [F2or extractive waste] is deposited,

(d)fixed plant by means of which controlled waste [F2or extractive waste] is treated, kept or disposed of,

of substances or articles constituting or resulting from the waste and capable (by reason of the quantity or concentrations involved) of causing harm to man or any other living organisms supported by the environment.

(4)Subsection (3) above applies in relation to mobile plant by means of which controlled waste [F3or extractive waste] is treated or disposed of as it applies to plant on land by means of which controlled waste [F3or extractive waste] is treated or disposed of.

(5)For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4) above “harm” means harm to the health of living organisms or other interference with the ecological systems of which they form part and in the case of man includes offence to any of his senses or harm to his property; and “harmless” has a corresponding meaning.

[F4(5A)In relation to controlled waste—

(a)a reference to the management of such waste is a reference to the collection, transport, recovery and disposal of such waste and includes—

(i)the supervision of such operations;

(ii)the after-care of disposal sites; and

(iii)actions taken as a broker or dealer;

(b)“collection” means the gathering of such waste, including the preliminary sorting and preliminary storage of such waste for the purposes of transport to a waste treatment facility; and

[F5(ba)“separate collection” means that waste is presented for collection, and collected, in a manner that ensures that—

(i)dry recyclable waste is kept separate from other waste;

(ii)waste from one dry waste stream is kept separate from waste in another such stream; and

(iii)food waste is kept separate from other waste;]

(c)“recovery” refers to any of the operations listed in Part III of Schedule 4 to the Waste Management Licensing (Scotland) Regulations 2011, and any other operation the principal result of which is waste serving a useful purpose by replacing other materials which would otherwise have been used to fulfil a particular function, or waste being prepared to fulfil that function, in a plant or in the wider economy,

and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.]

(6)The “disposal” of waste [F6includes its disposal by way of deposit in or on land] [F6has the meaning given by regulation 2(1) of the Waste Management Licensing (Scotland) Regulations 2011] and, subject to subsection (7) below, waste is “treated” when it is subjected to any process, including making it re-usable or reclaiming substances from it and “recycle” (and cognate expressions) shall be construed accordingly.

(7)Regulations made by the Secretary of State may prescribe activities as activities which constitute the treatment of waste for the purposes of this Part or any provision of this Part prescribed in the regulations.

(8)Land” includes land covered by waters where the land is above the low water mark of ordinary spring tides and references to land on which controlled waste [F7or extractive waste] is treated, kept or deposited are references to the surface of the land (including any structure set into the surface).

(9)Mobile plant” means, [F8subject to subsection (10) below,] plant which is designed to move or be moved whether on roads or other land.

(10)[F9Regulations made by the Secretary of State may prescribe descriptions of plant which are to be treated as being, or as not being, mobile plant for the purposes of this Part.]

(11)Substance” means any natural or artificial substance, whether in solid or liquid form or in the form of a gas or vapour.

[F10[F11(12)The Environmental Permitting Regulations” means [F12the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1154)].]

(13)The following expressions have the same meaning as in [F13the Environmental Permitting Regulations]

  • “environmental permit”;

  • “exempt waste operation”;

  • [F14“extractive waste”;

  • “mining waste operation”;

  • “the Mining Waste Directive”;

  • “waste operation”.]]

Textual Amendments

F1S. 29(1A) inserted (E.W.) (7.4.2005) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), s. 51

F2Words in s. 29(3) inserted (E.W.) (7.7.2009) by The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2009/1799), reg. 28, {Sch. 2 para. 1(2)(a)}

F3Words in s. 29(4) inserted (E.W.) (7.7.2009) by The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2009/1799), reg. 28, {Sch. 2 para. 1(2)(b)}

F6Words in s. 29(6) substituted (S.) (27.3.2011) by The Waste (Scotland) Regulations 2011 (S.S.I. 2011/226), regs. 1(1), 2(2)(b)

F7Words in s. 29(8) inserted (E.W.) (7.7.2009) by The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2009/1799), reg. 28, {Sch. 2 para. 1(2)(c)}

F14Words in s. 29(13) inserted (E.W.) (7.7.2009) by The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations (S.I. 2009/1799), reg. 28, {Sch. 2 para. 1(2)(d)}

Commencement Information

I1S. 29 wholly in force at 31.5.1991 see s. 164(3) and S.I. 1991/1319, art. 2

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