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Finance Act 1990

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Insurance companies and friendly societiesE+W+S+N.I.

41 Apportionment of income etc.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 6 to this Act (which makes provision about the apportionment of income etc. and related provision) shall have effect.

42 Overseas life assurance business.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 7 to this Act (which makes provision about the taxation of overseas life assurance business) shall have effect.

43 Deduction for policy holders’ tax.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 82(1)(a) of the M1Finance Act 1989 (computation of profits on Case I basis), for the words “, in respect of the period, are allocated to or expended on behalf of policy holders or annuitants” there shall be substituted the words “ are allocated to, and any amounts of tax or foreign tax which are expended on behalf of, policy holders or annuitants in respect of the period ”.

(2)In section 436(3) of the Taxes Act 1988 (modified application of section 82 in relation to computations of profits of general annuity business or pension business), the words “and of the words “tax or” in section 82(1)(a)” shall be added at the end of paragraph (a).

(3)The Finance Act 1989 shall be deemed always to have had effect with the amendment made by subsection (1) above, and the amendment made by subsection (2) above shall have the same effect as, by virtue of section 84(5)(b) of that Act, it would have had if it had been made by Schedule 8 to that Act.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

44 Reinsurance commissions.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 85(2) of the Finance Act 1989 (receipts excluded from charge under Case VI of Schedule D), after paragraph (c) there shall be inserted—

(ca)any reinsurance commission; or.

(2)In section 86 of the Finance Act 1989 (spreading of relief for expenses), at the end of subsection (1) there shall be added the words “ and less any reinsurance commissions falling within section 76(1)(ca) of that Act ”.

(3)In section 76(1) of the Taxes Act 1988 (treatment of expenses of management), after paragraph (c) there shall be inserted—

(ca)there shall also be deducted from the amount treated as the expenses of management for any accounting period any reinsurance commission earned in the period which is referable to basic life assurance business; and.

(4)Sections 85 and 86 of the M2Finance Act 1989 shall be deemed always to have had effect with the amendments made by subsections (1) and (2) above, and section 76 of the Taxes Act 1988 shall have effect as if the amendment made by subsection (3) above had been included among those made by section 87 of the Finance Act 1989.

(5)Nothing in subsection (2) above applies to commissions in respect of the reinsurance of liabilities assumed by the recipient company in respect of insurances made before 14th March 1989, but without prejudice to the application of that subsection to any reinsurance commission attributable to a variation on or after that date in a policy issued in respect of such an insurance; and for this purpose the exercise of any rights conferred by a policy shall be regarded as a variation of it.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

45 Policy holders’ share of profits etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In section 88 of the Finance Act 1989 (corporation tax: policy holders’ fraction of profits), in subsection (1) for the words “the policy holders’ fraction of its relevant profits for any accounting period shall” there shall be substituted the words—

(a)the policy holders’ share of the relevant profits for any accounting period, or

(b)where the business is mutual business, the whole of those profits

shall .

(2)In subsection (4) of that section, for the word “fraction” there shall be substituted the word “ share ”, and after the words “that period” there shall be inserted the words “ , or where the business is mutual business the whole of those profits, ”.

(3)For section 89 of that Act (which defines the shareholders’ and policy holders’ fractions) there shall be substituted—

89 Policy holders’ share of profits.

(1)The references in section 88 above to the policy holders’ share of the relevant profits for an accounting period of a company carrying on life assurance business are references to the amount arrived at by deducting from those profits the Case I profits of the company for the period in respect of the business, reduced in accordance with subsection (2) below.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1) above, the Case I profits for a period shall be reduced by—

(a)the amount, so far as unrelieved, of any franked investment income arising in the period as respects which the company has made an election under section 438(6) of the Taxes Act 1988, and

(b)the shareholders’ share of any other unrelieved franked investment income arising in the period from investments held in connection with the business.

(3)For the purposes of this section “the shareholders’ share” in relation to any income is so much of the income as is represented by the fraction

where—

  • A is an amount equal to the Case I profits of the company for the period in question in respect of its life assurance business, and

  • B is an amount equal to the excess of the company’s relevant non-premium income and relevant gains over its relevant expenses and relevant interest for the period.

(4)Where there is no such excess as is mentioned in subsection (3) above, or where the Case I profits are greater than any excess, the whole of the income shall be the shareholders’ share; and (subject to that) where there are no Case I profits, none of the income shall be the shareholders’ share.

(5)In subsection (3) above the references to the relevant non-premium income, relevant gains, relevant expenses and relevant interest of a company for an accounting period are references respectively to the following items as brought into account for the period, so far as referable to the company’s life assurance business,—

(a)the company’s investment income from the assets of its long-term business fund together with its other income, apart from premiums;

(b)any increase in the value (whether realised or not) of those assets;

(c)expenses payable by the company;

(d)interest payable by the company;

and if for any period there is a reduction in the value referred to in paragraph (b) above (as brought into account for the period), that reduction shall be taken into account as an expense of the period.

(6)Except in so far as regulations made by the Treasury otherwise provide, in this section “brought into account” means brought into account in the revenue account prepared for the purposes of the Insurance Companies Act 1982; and where the company’s period of account does not coincide with the accounting period, any reference to an amount brought into account for the accounting period is a reference to the corresponding amount brought into account for the period of account in which the accounting period is comprised, proportionately reduced to reflect the length of the accounting period as compared with the length of the period of account.

(7)In this section “Case I profits” means profits computed in accordance with the provisions of the Taxes Act 1988 applicable to Case I of Schedule D.

(8)For the purposes of this section franked investment income is “unrelieved” if—

(a)it has not been excluded from charge to tax by virtue of any provision,

(b)no tax credit comprised in it has been paid, and

(c)no relief has been allowed against it by deduction or set-off.

(4)In subsection (3) of section 434 of the Taxes Act 1988 (franked investment income etc.)—

(a)for the words “policy holders’ fraction” in both places where they occur there shall be substituted the words “ policy holders’ share ”;

(b)in paragraph (a), after the word “income” there shall be inserted the words “ from investments held in connection with the company’s life assurance business ”;

(c)in paragraph (b), for the words “only to the shareholders’ fraction of that income” there shall be substituted the words “ to that income excluding the amount within paragraph (a) above ”.

(5)In subsection (3A) of that section, for the word “fraction” there shall be substituted the word “ share ”.

F1(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)After subsection (6) of that section there shall be inserted—

(6A)For the purposes of this section—

(a)the policy holders’ share” of any franked investment income is so much of that income as is not the shareholders’ share within the meaning of section 89 of the Finance Act 1989, and

(b)the policy holders’ share of the relevant profits” has the same meaning as in section 88 of that Act.

F2(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F3(9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(10)The M3Finance Act 1989 shall be deemed always to have had effect with the amendments made by subsections (1) to (3) above, and the amendments made by subsections (4) to (9) above shall have the same effect as, by virtue of section 84(5)(b) of that Act, they would have had if they had been made by Schedule 8 to that Act.

(11)Paragraphs 1 and 3(3) of Schedule 8 to the Finance Act 1989 shall be deemed never to have had effect.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 45(6) repealed (31.7.1998 with effect in accordance with Schedule 3 to the amending Act) by 1998 c. 36, s. 165, Sch. 27 Pt.(2) Note

F2S. 45(8) repealed (1.5.1995 with effect as mentioned in Sch. 8 paras. 55-57 of the amending Act) by 1995 c. 4, s. 162, Sch. 29 Pt. VIII

F3S. 45(9) repealed (31.7.1997 with effect in accordance with the provisions of Sch. 3 to the amending Act, other than para. 11) by 1997 c. 58, s. 52, Sch. 8 Pt. II (6) Note (with s. 3(3))

Marginal Citations

F446. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 46 repealed (6.3.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 289(1)(2) of the repealing Act) by Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12), s. 290, Sch.12 (with ss. 60, 101, 201(3), Sch. 11 paras. 22, 26(2), 27) (and expressed to be modified (31.7.1992) by S.I. 1992/1655, arts. 1, 19(1)); and expressed to be excluded (27.7.1993) by 1993 c. 34, s. 91(1).

F547. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F5S. 47 repealed (6.3.1992 with effect as mentioned in s. 289(1)(2) of the repealing Act) by Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12), s. 290, Sch.12 (with ss. 60, 101(1), 201(3), Sch. 11 paras. 22, 26(2), 27).

48 Transfers of long term business.E+W+S+N.I.

Schedule 9 to this Act (which makes provision about the tax consequences of certain transfers of long term business by insurance companies) shall have effect.

49 Friendly societies: increased tax exemption.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In subsection (2) of section 460 of the Taxes Act 1988 (exemption from tax for profits of friendly society arising from life or endowment business), in paragraph (c)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (i), for “£100” there shall be substituted “ £150 ”; and

(b)after that sub-paragraph there shall be inserted—

(ia)where the profits relate to contracts made after 31st August 1987 but before 1st September 1990, of the assurance of gross sums under contracts under which the total premiums payable in any period of 12 months exceed £100;.

(2)In subsection (3) of that section, for the words “of subsection (2)(c)(i)” there shall be substituted the words “ of subsection (2)(c)(i) or (ia) ”.

(3)In subsection (3) of section 464 of that Act (maximum benefits payable to members of friendly societies), for the words from “Kingdom)” to the end there shall be substituted the words Kingdom)—

(a)contracts under which the total premiums payable in any period of 12 months exceed £150; or

(b)contracts made before 1st September 1990 under which the total premiums payable in any period of 12 months exceed £100,

unless all those contracts were made before 1st September 1987.

(4)In subsection (4) of that section, for the word “limit” there shall be substituted the word “ limits ”.

(5)In paragraph 3(8)(b)(ii) of Schedule 15 to that Act (amount of premiums to be disregarded in determining whether a policy meets conditions for it to be a qualifying policy), after the word “premiums” there shall be inserted the words “ or, where those premiums are payable otherwise than annually, an amount equal to 10 per cent. of those premiums if that is greater ”.

50 Friendly societies: application of enactments.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Section 463 of the Taxes Act 1988 (application to life or endowment business of friendly societies of Corporation Tax Acts as they apply to mutual life assurance business) shall be renumbered as subsection (1) of that section.

(2)After that provision as so renumbered there shall be added—

(2)The provisions of the Corporation Tax Acts which apply on the transfer of the whole or part of the long term business of an insurance company to another company shall apply in the same way—

(a)on the transfer of the whole or part of the business of a friendly society to another friendly society (and on the amalgamation of friendly societies), and

(b)on the transfer of the whole or part of the business of a friendly society to a company which is not a friendly society (and on the conversion of a friendly society into such a company),

so however that the Treasury may by regulations provide that those provisions as so applied shall have effect subject to such modifications and exceptions as may be prescribed by the regulations.

(3)The Treasury may by regulations provide that the provisions of the Corporation Tax Acts which apply on the transfer of the whole or part of the long term business of an insurance company to another company shall have effect where the transferee is a friendly society subject to such modifications and exceptions as may be prescribed by the regulations.

(4)Regulations under this section may make different provision for different cases and may include provision having retrospective effect.

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