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Part IVE+W+S+N.I. MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTAL

Powers of MinistersE+W+S

40 Power to issue codes of practice.E+W+S

(1)For the guidance of food authorities, [F1the Secretary of State]may issue codes of recommended practice as regards the execution and enforcement of this Act and of regulations and orders made under it; and any such code shall be laid before Parliament [F2or in the case of a code which applies only to Scotland, before the Scottish Parliament] after being issued.

[F3(1A)The Food Standards Agency may, after consulting the Secretary of State, give a food authority a direction requiring them to take any specified steps in order to comply with a code under this section.]

(2)In the exercise of the functions conferred on them by or under this Act, every food authority—

(a)shall have regard to any relevant provision of any such code; and

(b)shall comply with any direction which is given [F4under this section and] requires them to take any specified steps in order to comply with such a code.

(3)Any direction under [F5subsection (1A)] above shall, on the application of [F6the Food Standards Agency], be enforceable by mandamus or, in Scotland, by an order of the Court of Session under section 45 of the M1Court of Session Act 1988.

F7[(3A)The Food Standards Agency shall consult the Secretary of State before making an application under subsection (3) above.]

(4)Before issuing any code under this section, [F1the Secretary of State] shall

(a)[F8subject to subsection (4B) below,]consult with such organisations as appear to F9. . . him to be representative of interests likely to be substantially affected by the code [F10; and.

(b)have regard to any relevant advice given by the Food Standards Agency]

[F11(4A)If it appears to the Secretary of State that the Food Standards Agency has undertaken any consultation with an organisation that he is required to consult under subsection (4) above, the Secretary of State may treat that consultation as being as effective for the purposes of that subsection as if undertaken by him.]

[F12(4B)Subsection (4)(a) above shall not apply in any case in which consultation is required by Article 9 of Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002.]

(5)Any consultation undertaken before the commencement of subsection (4) above shall be as effective, for the purposes of that subsection, as if undertaken after that commencement.

[F13(6)In the application of this section to Scotland, the references to the Food Standards Agency are to be read as references to Food Standards Scotland.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 40(1)-(4) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F2Words in s. 40(1) inserted (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/1820, art. 4, Sch. 2 Pt. I para. 99; S.I. 1998/3178, arts. 1(2), 3

F3S. 40(1A) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 17(1)(2) (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F4Words in s. 40(2)(b) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 17(1)(3) (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F5Words in s. 40(3) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 17(1)(4) (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F6Words in s. 40(3) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 17(1)(4) (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F7S. 40(3A) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 17(1)(5) (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F9Words in s. 40(4) repealed (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(4), Sch. 6 (with s. 38); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F10Words in s. 40(4) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1)(2), Sch. 5 para. 17 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F11S. 40(4A) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 17(1)(5) (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 40 amended (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 18, Sch. 3 Pt. I paras. 1, 4 (with s. 38); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

C2S. 40 applied (with modifications) (1.4.1995) by S.I. 1995/614, reg. 11

C4S. 40 power to apply in part for certain purposes conferred (S.) (1.4.2015) by Food (Scotland) Act 2015 (asp 1), ss. 49(2)(c)(ix), 63(2) (with s. 62); S.S.I. 2015/99, art. 2

Marginal Citations

41 Power to require returns.E+W+S

[F14(1)]Every food authority shall send to [F15the Secretary of State][F16or to the Food Standards Agency]such reports and returns, and give him [F17or it] such information, with respect to the exercise of the functions conferred on them by or under this Act as he [F17or it] may require.

[F18(2)In the application of this section to Scotland, the references to the Food Standards Agency are to be read as references to Food Standards Scotland.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 41(1): s. 41 renumbered as s. 41(1) (S.) (1.4.2015) by Food (Scotland) Act 2015 (asp 1), s. 63(2), sch. para. 3(9)(a) (with s. 62); S.S.I. 2015/99, art. 2

F15Words in s. 41 substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 7, 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F16Words in s. 41 inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 18 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F17Words in s. 41 inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 18 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 41 amended (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 18, Sch. 3 Pt. I paras. 1, 5 (with s. 38); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

42 Default powers.E+W+S

(1)Where [F19the Secretary of State] is satisfied that—

(a)a food authority (in this section referred to as “the authority in default”) have failed to discharge any duty imposed by or under this Act; and

(b)the authority’s failure affects the general interests of consumers of food,

he may by order empower another food authority [F20or the Food Standards Agency] (in this section referred to as “the substitute authority”), or [F21a person (whether or not an officer of his) who is authorised by him in writing to do so], to discharge that duty in place of the authority in default [F22but if regulations made by the Ministers so provide, no person shall be so authorised unless he has such qualifications as may be prescribed by the regulations.].

[F23(1A)In the application of subsection (1) to Scotland, the reference to the Food Standards Agency is to be read as a reference to Food Standards Scotland.]

(2)For the purpose of determining whether the power conferred by subsection (1) above is exercisable, the Minister may cause a local inquiry to be held; and where he does so, the relevant provisions of the Local Government Act shall apply as if the inquiry were a local inquiry held under that Act.

(3)Nothing in subsection (1) above affects any other power exercisable by the Minister with respect to defaults of local authorities.

(4)The substitute authority or [F19the Secretary of State] may recover from the authority in default any expenses reasonably incurred by them or him under subsection (1) above; and for the purpose of paying any such amount the authority in default may—

(a)raise money as if the expenses had been incurred directly by them as a local authority; and

(b)if and to the extent that they are authorised to do so by the Minister, borrow money in accordance with the statutory provisions relating to borrowing by a local authority.

(5)In this section “the relevant provisions of the Local Government Act” means subsections (2) to (5) of section 250 of the M2 Local Government Act 1972 in relation to England and Wales and subsections (3) to (8) of section 210 of the M3 Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 in relation to Scotland.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F19Words in s. 42(1)-(4) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F20Words in s. 42(1) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 19 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F21Words in s. 42(1) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 40, ss. 76, 82(2)(f), Sch. 16 para. 17(a)

F22Words in s. 42(1) inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 40, ss. 76, 82(2)(f), Sch. 16 para. 17(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 42 amended (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 18, Sch. 3 Pt. I paras. 1, 6 (with s. 38); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Marginal Citations

Protective provisionsE+W+S

43 Continuance of registration or licence on death.E+W+S

(1)This section shall have effect on the death of any person who—

(a)is registered in respect of any premises in accordance with regulations made under Part II of this Act; or

(b)holds a licence issued in accordance with regulations so made.

(2)The registration or licence shall subsist for the benefit of [F24the deceased’s personal representative, or widow or widower or surviving civil partner or any other member of the deceased’s family, until the end of—

(a)the period of three months beginning with the deceased’s death]; or

(b)such longer period as the enforcement authority may allow.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

44 Protection of officers acting in good faith.E+W+S

(1)An officer of a food authority is not personally liable in respect of any act done by him—

(a)in the execution or purported execution of this Act; and

(b)within the scope of his employment,

if he did that act in the honest belief that his duty under this Act required or entitled him to do it.

(2)Nothing in subsection (1) above shall be construed as relieving any food authority from any liability in respect of the acts of their officers.

(3)Where an action has been brought against an officer of a food authority in respect of an act done by him—

(a)in the execution or purported execution of this Act; but

(b)outside the scope of his employment,

the authority may indemnify him against the whole or a part of any damages which he has been ordered to pay or any costs which he may have incurred if they are satisfied that he honestly believed that the act complained of was within the scope of his employment.

(4)A public analyst appointed by a food authority shall be treated for the purposes of this section as being an officer of the authority, whether or not his appointment is a whole-time appointment.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.12.1992) by S.I. 1992/3236, reg. 11(1)

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (1.4.1994) by S.I. 1994/743, reg. 8(1)(h); (1.5.1994) by S.I. 1994/1029, reg. 25(f) (which S.I. was revoked (1.4.1995) by S.I. 1995/540, reg. 26 (with reg. 3(5))); (2.9.1994) by S.I. 1994/2127, reg. 5; (1.1.1995) by S.I. 1994/3082, reg. 21

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (1.3.1995) by S.I. 1995/77, reg. 23; (1.4.1995) by S.I. 1995/539, reg. 22 and S.I. 1995/540, reg. 24; (9.5.1995) by S.I. 1995/1086, reg. 20(1)(h); (15.6.1995) by S.I. 1995/1372, reg. 20(1)(h); (10.7.1995) by S.I. 1995/1544, reg. 10; (15.9.1995) by S.I. 1995/1763, reg. 7(i); (15.9.1995) by S.I. 1995/2200, reg. 18; (20.9.1995) by S.I. 1995/2148, reg. 17; (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3116, reg. 8; (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3123, reg. 9(i) and S.I. 3124, reg. 11(i); (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3240, reg. 10(h) (which S.I. was revoked (1.7.1996) by S.I. 1996/1499, reg. 49, Sch. 9); (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3187, reg. 9; (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3202, reg. 11; (1.1.1996) by S.I. 1995/3205, reg. 14

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (29.3.1996) by S.I. 1996/961, art. 4(g); (1.7.1996) by S.I. 1996/1499, reg. 48 and S.I. 1996/1502, reg. 6; (5.7.1996) by S.I. 1996/1743, reg. 5 (which S.I. was revoked (1.9.1996) by S.I. 1996/2097, reg. 8); (1.9.1996) by S.I. 1996/2097, reg. 6

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (16.6.1997) by S.I. 1997/1335, reg. 6(h); (30.6.1997) by S.I. 1995/1544, reg. 10(2) (as substituted (30.6.1997) by S.I. 1997/1414, reg. 3); (4.7.1997) by S.I. 1997/1499, reg. 6(2) (which S.I. was revoked (18.6.2002 (E.), 1.7.2002 (S.), 2.8.2002 (W.)) by S.I. 2002/890, reg. 11, Sch.; S.S.I. 2002/267, reg. 11, Sch.; S.I. 2002/1886, reg. 11, Sch.); (11.8.1997) by S.I. 1997/1729, reg. 34(7); (31.3.1999) by S.I. 1997/2042, reg. 9 and S.I. 1997/2182, reg. 9; (16.9.1997) by S.I. 1997/2238, art. 4(1)(c); (17.11.1997) by S.I. 1997/2537, reg. 9; (16.12.1997) by S.I. 1997/2959, reg. 11

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (1.1.1998) by S.I. 1997/2965, reg. 30; (19.2.1998) by S.I. 1998/141, reg. 10(j); (1.4.1998) by S.I. 1998/616, reg. 6(1)(g); (29.4.1998) by S.I. 1998/994, reg. 55(1)(h); (21.5.1998) by S.I. 1998/1277, art. 4(1)(d); (31.10.1998) by S.I. 1998/2424, reg. 8(i)

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (S.) (20.8.1999) by S.S.I. 1999/32, art. 5(2)(c); (S.) (20.8.1999) by S.S.I. 1999/33, art. 5(2)(c); (S.) (1.10.1999) by S.S.I. 1999/34, art. 8(2); (S.) (17.12.1999) by S.S.I. 1999/186, art. 9; (19.3.1999) by S.I. 1996/1499, reg. 48 (as inserted by S.I. 1999/747, reg. 11); (30.6.1999) by S.I. 1999/1540, reg. 19(1)(j); (5.6.1999) by S.I. 1999/1542, art. 4(2)(c)(3); (5.6.1999) by S.I. 1999/1543, reg. 4(2)(c)(3); (25.6.1999) by S.I. 1999/1800, art. 5(1)(c)(2); (21.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/2025, art. 5(2)(c)(3); (21.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/2026, reg. 5(2)(c)(3); (S.) (29.7.1999) by S.S.I. 1999/15, reg. 5; (18.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/2332, art. 5(2)(c)(3); (18.8.1999) by S.I. 1999/2333, reg 5(2)(c)(3); (1.10.1999) by S.I. 1999/2457, reg. 8(2); (12.10.1999) by S.I. 1999/2798, art. 5(2)(c)(3); (12.10.1999) by S.I. 1999/2799, reg. 5(2)(c)(3); (23.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/3421, art. 5(2)(c)(3); (23.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/3422, reg. 5(2)(c)(3)

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (S.) (17.2.2000) by S.S.I. 2000/15, art. 5(2)(c); (S.) (17.2.2000) by S.S.I. 2000/16, art. 5(2)(c); (E.W.) (23.2.2000) by S.I. 2000/375, art. 5(1)(c); (S.) (24.2.2000) by S.I. 2000/35, art. 5(c); (E.W.) (8.3.2000) by S.I. 2000/587, art. 5(2)(c)(3); (E.W.) (8.3.2000) by S.I. 2000/588, art. 5(2)(c)(3); (E.) (10.4.2000) by S.I. 2000/768, reg. 10(1); (S.) (10.4.2000) by S.S.I. 2000/83, reg. 10(3); (W.) (25.7.2000) by S.I. 2000/1925, reg. 10(3); (E.) (15.1.2001) by S.I. 2000/3323, reg. 10(j); (W.) (1.11.2001) by S.I. 2000/1866, reg. 7(j); (S.) (1.11.2001) by S.S.I. 2000/130, reg. 7(j); (E.) (1.11.2001) by S.I. 2000/845, reg. 7(j)

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (S.) (17.3.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/38, reg. 10; (W.) (1.5.2001) by S.I. 2001/1361, reg. 8(2); (W.) (1.5.2001) by S.I. 2001/1440, reg. 10(j)

S. 44 applied (with modifications): (E.) (2.2.2002) by S.I. 2002/183, reg. 6(1) (which S.I. was revoked (20.6.2002) by S.I. 2002/1614, reg. 6); (W.) (2.2.2002) by S.I. 2002/203, reg. 6(1) (which S.I. was revoked (12.7.2002) by S.I. 2002/1798, reg. 6); (S.) (2.2.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/36, reg. 6(1) (which S.S.I. was revoked (24.6.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/300, reg. 6); (E.) (16.2.2002) by S.I. 2002/334, art. 5(1)(f) (as substituted (20.3.2002) for {art. 5(1)(e)} by S.I. 2002/602, art. 4); (S.) (16.2.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/64, art. 5(1)(e); (W.) (23.2.2002) by S.I. 2002/402, art. 5(1)(e); (E.W.) (8.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/333, reg. 6(j); (S.) (8.3.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/50, reg. 6(k); (E.) (23.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/773, reg. 5(1)(g) (which S.I. was revoked (13.9.2002) by S.I. 2002/2351, reg. 7); (E.) (23.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/774, reg. 5(1)(g) (which S.I. was revoked (13.9.2002) by S.I. 2002/2350, reg. 7); (S.) (25.3.2002 at 1700 hours) by S.S.I. 2002/148, regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)(h) (which S.S.I. was revoked (13.9.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/424, reg. 7); (S.) (25.3.2002 at 1700 hours) by S.S.I. 2002/149, regs. 1(2)(3), 5(1)(h) (which S.S.I. was revoked (13.9.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/425, reg. 7); (W.) (26.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/820, reg. 5(1)(g) (which S.I. was revoked (9.9.2002) by S.I. 2002/2295, reg. 7); (W.) (26.3.2002) by S.I. 2002/821, reg. 5(1)(g) (which S.I. was revoked (9.9.2002) by S.I. 2002/2296, reg. 7); (E.) (4.4.2002) by S.I. 2002/931, reg. 5(1)(i); (S.) (4.4.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/179, reg. 6(1)(i); (W.) (16.4.2002) by S.I. 2002/1090, reg. 5(1)(i); (E.) (19.4.2002) by S.I. 2002/843, reg. 77(1)(c); (W.) (27.5.2002) by S.I. 2002/1416, reg. 77(1)(c); (E.) (18.6.2002) by S.I. 2002/890, reg. 7(1)(j); (S.) (19.6.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/255, reg. 76(1)(c); (E.) (20.6.2002) by S.I. 2002/1614, reg. 5(1)(g); (S.) (24.6.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/300, reg. 5(1)(g); (S.) (1.7.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/267, reg. 7(1)(i); (W.) (12.7.2002) by S.I. 2002/1798, reg. 5(1)(g); (W.) (2.8.2002) by S.I. 2002/1886, reg. 7(1)(j); (E.) (5.8.2002 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.4.2004) by S.I. 2002/1817, regs. 1(2)(3), 9(l); (W.) (9.9.2002) by S.I. 2002/2295, reg. 5(1)(g) and S.I. 2002/2296, reg. 5(1)(g); (E.) (13.9.2002) by S.I. 2002/2350, reg. 5(1)(g) and S.I. 2002/2351, reg. 5(1)(g); (S.) (13.9.2002) by S.S.I. 2002/424, reg. 5(1)(f) and S.S.I. 2002/425, reg. 5(1)(f); (S.) (23.9.2002 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.4.2004) by S.S.I. 2002/397, regs. 1(2)(3), 8(k); (W.) (31.12.2002 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.4.2004) by S.I. 2002/2939, regs. 1(2)(3), 9(l); (S.) (1.1.2003) by S.S.I. 2002/523, reg. 5(1)(k); (E.) (13.1.2003) by S.I. 2002/3169, reg. 5(1)(l)

C10S. 44 applied: (14.7.1993) by S.I. 1993/1520, reg. 2(2)(i); (28.6.1993) by S.I. 1993/1658, reg.7(h)

S. 44 applied (W.) (1.4.2001) by S.I. 2001/1360, reg. 7(1)(g)

C11S. 44 amended (16.9.1997) by S.I. 1997/2238, art. 4(2)

C12S. 44 applied (with modifications) (S.) (28.3.2003) by The Fish Labelling (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/145), regs. 1(1), 10(j)

C13S. 44 applied (with modifications) (E.) (28.3.2003) by Fish Labelling (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/461), regs. 1, 10(k)

C15S. 44 applied (with modifications) (30.6.2003) by Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1478), regs. 1, 7(1)(j)

C16S. 44 applied (with modifications) (30.6.2003) by Fish Labelling (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1635), regs. 1, 10

C17S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2003) by Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/289), regs. 1(1), 7(1)(i)

C19S. 44 applied (with modifications) (12.7.2003) by Specified Sugar Products (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1563), regs. 1, 9(l)

C23S. 44 applied (with modifications) (17.7.2003) by Condensed Milk and Dried Milk (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1596), regs. 1, 9(1)(l) (with reg. 11)

C25S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2003) by The Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1721), regs. 1, 7(1)(j)

C27S. 44 applied (with modifications) (3.8.2003) by The Cocoa and Chocolate Products (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/291), regs. 1, 11(k) (with reg. 4)

C32S. 44 applied (with modifications) (2.9.2003) by Meat Products (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2075), regs. 1(c), 8(l) (with reg. 3)

C36S. 44 applied (with modifications) (25.9.2003) by Honey (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2243), regs. 1, 9(l)

C40S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.11.2003) by Cocoa and Chocolate Products (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3037), regs. 1, 10(l)

C41S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.11.2003) by Condensed Milk and Dried Milk (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3053), regs. 1, 9(1)(l) (with reg. 3)

C42S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.11.2003) by The Specified Sugar Products (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3047), regs. 1, 9(l)

C43S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.11.2003) by The Fruit Juices and Fruit Nectars (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3041), regs. 1, 9(l)

C44S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.11.2003) by Honey (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3044), regs. 1, 9(l)

C45S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.11.2003) by Specified Sugar Products (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/527), regs. 1(1), 9 (with reg. 10)

C46S. 44 applied (with modifications) (18.12.2003) by Honey (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/569), regs. 1(1), 10(k) (with regs. 3, 11)

C47S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.12.2003) by Jam and Similar Products (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3120), regs. 1, 9(l) (with reg. 3)

C48S. 44 applied (with modifications) (4.2.2004) by Meat Products (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (S.S.I. 2004/6), regs. 1(1), 9(1)(k)

C51S. 44 applied (with modifications) (28.4.2004) by Jam and Similar Products (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (S.S.I. 2004/133), regs. 1(1), 10(k)

C52S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.5.2004) by Meat Products (Wales) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/1396), regs. 1(c), 8(l) (with reg. 3)

C56S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.12.2004) by Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/3062), regs. 1, 7(1)(j)

C57S. 44 applied (with modifications) (25.12.2004) by Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (S.S.I. 2004/525), regs. 1(1), 7(1)(i)

C58S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.1.2005) by General Food Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/3279), regs. 1, 7(3)(d)

C61S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.3.2005) by The Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/364), regs. 1, 7(1)(j)

C62S. 44 amendment to earlier affecting provision SI 1995/77 reg. 23 (6.3.2005) by Infant Formula and Follow-on Formula Amendment (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (S.S.I. 2004/7), regs. 1(1), 9

C63S. 44 applied (with modifications) by SI 1995/77 reg. 23 (as substituted (6.3.2005) by Infant Formula and Follow-on Formula (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/3208), regs. 1, 9)

C66S. 44 amendment to earlier affecting provision SI 1995/77 reg. 23 (6.3.2005) by The Infant Formula and Follow-on Formula (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/313), regs. 1, 9

C73S. 44 applied by SI 1998/1376 reg. 12(1) (as substituted (21.5.2005) by Materials and Articles in Contact with Food (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/243), regs. 1(1), 15(6) (with reg. 3))

C82S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.8.2005) by The Food Supplements (England) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1387), regs. 1, 11(l)

C83S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.8.2005) by The Food Supplements (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/1719), regs. 1, 11(l) (with reg. 3)

C84S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.8.2005) by Food Supplements (Scotland) Regulations 2003 (S.S.I. 2003/278), regs. 1(1), 11(k) (with regs. 3, 5)

C88S. 44 applied (with modifications) (11.11.2005) by Tryptophan in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/479), regs. 1(1), 8(j)

C89S. 44 applied (with modifications) (11.11.2005) by The Tryptophan in Food (Wales) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/3111), regs. 1, 8(I)

C90S. 44 applied (with modifications) (11.11.2005) by Tryptophan in Food (England) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/2630), regs. 1, 8(l)

C92S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.1.2006) by Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2005 (S.S.I. 2005/606), regs. 1(1), 6(1)(i)

C93S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.1.2006) by Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/3251), regs. 1, 6(1)(j)

C96S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.3.2006) by The Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/485), regs. 1, 6(1)(j)

C102S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2006) by Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/1464), regs. 1, 5(1)(j)

C103S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2006) by Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/306), regs. 1(1), 5(1)(i)

C104S. 44 applied (with modifications) (13.7.2006) by Contaminants in Food (Wales) (No.2) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/1850), regs. 1, 5(1)(j)

C105S. 44 applied (with modifications) (14.7.2006) by Kava-kava in Food (Wales) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/1851), regs. 1(b), 5(1)

C115S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.3.2007) by Quick-frozen Foodstuffs (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/191), regs. 1(b), 10(k)

C116S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.3.2007) by Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/210), regs. 1, 5(1)(k)

C117S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.3.2007) by Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2007 (S.S.I. 2007/29), regs. 1(1), 5(1)(i)

C121S. 44 applied (with modifications) (15.3.2007) by Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/840), regs. 1, 5(1)(k) (with art. 3)

C130S. 44 applied (with modifications) (22.8.2007) by Eggs and Chicks (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/2245), regs. 1(2), 21 (with reg. 1(4)(5))

C131S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2007) by Nutrition and Health Claims (Scotland) Regulations 2007 (S.S.I. 2007/383), regs. 1(1), 6(j)

C132S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2007) by Nutrition and Health Claims (Wales) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/2611), regs. 1, 6(j)

C133S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2007) by Nutrition and Health Claims (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/2080), regs. 1, 6(j)

C153S. 44 applied (with modifications) (27.4.2008) by Eggs and Chicks (Scotland) Regulations 2008 (S.S.I. 2008/129), regs. 1(2), 20 (with reg. 3)

C159S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2008) by Drinking Milk (England) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1317), regs. 1(1)(b), 7

C162S. 44 applied (with modifications) (19.12.2008) by Eggs and Chicks (Scotland) (No.2) Regulations 2008 (S.S.I. 2008/395), regs. 1(2), 20 (with reg. 3)

C166S. 44 applied (with modifications) (17.4.2009) by Eggs and Chicks (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/793), regs. 1(2), 21 (with reg. 1(4)(5))

C167S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2009) by Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/215), regs. 1(1), 5(1)(i)

C168S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2009) by The Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1386), regs. 1, 5(1)(k)

C169S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2009) by Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1223), regs. 1, 5(1)(k)

C170S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2009) by The Food Irradiation (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1795), regs. 1(1), 11(1)(j) (with reg. 2)

C171S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2009) by The Food Irradiation (Scotland) Regulations 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/261), regs. 1(b), 11(1)(j) (with reg. 2)

C172S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2009) by The Food Irradiation (England) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1584), regs. 1, 11(1)(j) (with reg. 2)

C173S. 44 applied (with modifications) (14.9.2009) by Eggs and Chicks (England) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2163), regs. 1(1), 39

C178S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2010) by Food Additives (Scotland) Regulations 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/436), regs. 1(1), 16(3)(d)

C179S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2010) by Food Additives (England) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/3238), regs. 1, 16(3)(d)

C181S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2010) by The Food Additives (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/3378), regs. 1, 16(3)(d)

C182S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2010) by Food Enzymes (Scotland) Regulations 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/435), regs. 1, 5(3)(d)

C183S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2010) by Food Enzymes Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/3235), regs. 1(1), 5(3)(d)

C185S. 44 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2010) by The Fish Labelling (Wales) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/797), regs. 1(2), 10(k)

C186S. 44 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2010) by The Fish Labelling (Scotland) Regulations 2010 (S.S.I. 2010/90), regs. 1(1), 10(i)

C187S. 44 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2010) by The Fish Labelling (England) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/420), regs. 1, 10(k)

C188S. 44 applied (with modifications) (18.6.2010) by The Drinking Milk (Wales) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/1492), regs. 1, 7

C189S. 44 applied (with modifications) (16.7.2010) by The Eggs and Chicks (Wales) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/1671), regs. 1(1), 39

C192S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.10.2010) by The Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2010 (S.S.I. 2010/329), regs. 1, 5(1)

C193S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.10.2010) by The Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/2228), regs. 1, 5(1)(k)

C195S. 44 applied (with modifications) (22.10.2010) by The Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/2394), art. 5(1)(k)reg. 1

C196S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2011) by The Flavourings in Food (England) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/2817), regs. 1(c), 5(3)(d)

C197S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2011) by The Flavourings in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2010 (S.S.I. 2010/439), regs. 1, 5(3)(d)

C198S. 44 applied (with modifications) (20.1.2011) by The Flavourings in Food (Wales) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/2922), regs. 1, 5(3)(d)

C199S. 44 applied (with modifications) (E.) (21.3.2011) by The Poultrymeat (England) Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/452), regs. 1(1), 25

C200S. 44 applied (with modifications) (S.) (1.4.2011) by The Drinking Milk (Scotland) Regulations 2011 (S.S.I. 2011/84), regs. 1(b), 7(1)-(3)

C204S. 44 applied (with modifications) (15.8.2011) by The Poultrymeat (Wales) Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/1719), regs. 1(2), 25(1)(d) (with reg. 1(4))

C205S. 44 applied (with modifications) (10.10.2011) by The Poultrymeat (Scotland) Regulations 2011 (S.S.I. 2011/318), regs. 1(2), 21(1)(f), (2)

C213S. 44 applied (with modifications) (26.9.2013) by The Fish Labelling (Wales) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2139), reg. 1(2), Sch. para. 1

C214S. 44 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2013) by The Contaminants in Food (Scotland) Regulations 2013 (S.S.I. 2013/217), regs. 1, 8(1)(l)

C215S. 44 applied (with modifications) (5.10.2013) by The Fish Labelling (Scotland) Regulations 2013 (S.S.I. 2013/256), regs. 1, 7(1)(m)

C218S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.10.2013) by The Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2196), regs. 1, 8(1)(k)

C220S. 44 applied (with modifications) (31.10.2013) by The Contaminants in Food (Wales) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2493), regs. 1(2), 8(1)(k)

C224S. 44 applied (with modifications) (19.9.2014 for specified purposes, 13.12.2014 for specified purposes, 13.12.2016 in so far as not already in force) by The Food Information (Wales) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/2303), reg. 1(3)(4)(b)(5)(b), Sch. 4 Pt. 5 (with reg. 12(6))

C225S. 44 applied (with modifications) (temp. to 13.12.2021) (13.12.2014) by The Products Containing Meat etc. (England) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3001), reg. 1(2)(4)7(5), Sch. 2 (with reg. 3)

C226S. 44 applied (with modifications) (13.12.2014) by The Products Containing Meat etc. (Scotland) Regulations 2014 (S.S.I. 2014/289), regs. 1(1), 7(j) (with reg. 3)

C227S. 44 applied (with modifications) (13.12.2014) by The Products Containing Meat etc. (Wales) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3087), regs. 1(2), 7, Sch. 2 (with reg. 3)

C228S. 44 applied (with modifications) (13.12.2014) by The Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014 (S.S.I. 2014/312), regs. 1(2), 12(1)(g)

C231S. 44 applied (with modifications) (24.6.2015) by The Honey (Scotland) Regulations 2015 (S.S.I. 2015/208), regs. 1(2), 18 (with reg. 21)

C232S. 44 applied (with modifications) (24.6.2015) by The Honey (England) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1348), reg. 1(1), Sch. 2 (with regs. 4, 5)

C234S. 44 applied (with modifications) (3.8.2015) by The Honey (Wales) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1507), reg. 1(2), Sch. 2 (with reg. 22)

C241S. 44 applied (with modifications) (15.8.2014 for specififed purposes, 13.12.2014 for specified purposes, 13.12.2016 in so far as not already in force) by The Food Information Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/1855), reg. 12(5), Sch. 4 Pt. 5 (with reg. 1(9)(b))

C242S. 44 applied (with modifications) (22.12.2016) by The Caseins and Caseinates (Wales) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1130), regs. 1(3), 8(2), Sch. 5 Pt. 2 (with regs. 3, 8(3))

C243S. 44 applied (with modifications) (22.12.2016) by The Caseins and Caseinates (Scotland) Regulations 2016 (S.S.I. 2016/383), regs. 1(1), 8, sch. 4 (with reg. 3)

C244S. 44 applied (with modifications) (22.12.2016) by The Caseins and Caseinates (Scotland) (No. 2) Regulations 2016 (S.S.I. 2016/422), regs. 1(1), 8, sch. 4 (with reg. 3)

C245S. 44 applied (with modifications) (26.9.2017) by The Caseins and Caseinates (England) Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/848), regs. 1(1), 7, Sch. 5

C246S. 44 applied (with modifications) (S.) (1.1.2018) by The Novel Foods (Scotland) Regulations 2017 (S.S.I. 2017/415), regs. 1, 5(1)(h)

C247S. 44 applied (with modifications) (E.) (8.3.2018) by The Novel Foods (England) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/154), regs. 1, 7(1)(h)

C249S. 44 applied (with modifications) (W.) (26.3.2018) by The Jam and Similar Products (Wales) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/274), reg. 1(3), Sch. 5 (with reg. 3)

C250S. 44 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2007/2785, Sch. 13 (as inserted (E.W.) (6.4.2018) by The Natural Mineral Water, Spring Water and Bottled Drinking Water (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/352), reg. 1(1), Sch. 2)

C251S. 44(1)-(3) applied (with modifications) (30.6.1999) by S.I. 1999/1513, reg. 6(3)

Financial provisionsE+W+S

45 Regulations as to charges.E+W+S

(1)[F25the Secretary of State] may make regulations requiring or authorising charges to be imposed by enforcement authorities in respect of things done [F26or to be done] by them which they are required or authorised to do by or under this Act.

(2)Regulations under this section may include such provision as [F25the Secretary of State] see fit as regards charges for which the regulations provide and the recovery of such charges; and nothing in the following provisions shall prejudice this.

(3)Regulations under this section may provide that the amount of a charge (if imposed) is to be at the enforcement authority’s discretion or to be at its discretion subject to a maximum or a minimum.

(4)Regulations under this section providing that a charge may not exceed a maximum amount, or be less than a minimum amount, may—

(a)provide for one amount, or a scale of amounts to cover different prescribed cases; and

(b)prescribe, as regards any amount, a sum or a method of calculating the amount.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F25Words in s. 45(1)(2) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F26Words in s. 45(1) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 20 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C253S. 45 power to apply in part for certain purposes conferred (S.) (1.4.2015) by Food (Scotland) Act 2015 (asp 1), ss. 49(2)(c)(x), 63(2) (with s. 62); S.S.I. 2015/99, art. 2

46 Expenses of authorised officers and county councils.E+W+S

(1)Any expenses which are incurred under this Act by an authorised officer of a food authority in procuring samples, and causing samples to be analysed or examined, shall be defrayed by that authority.

(2)Any expenses incurred by a county council in the enforcement and execution of any provision of this Act, or of any regulations or orders made under it, shall, if the Secretary of State so directs, be defrayed as expenses for special county purposes charged on such part of the county as may be specified in the direction.

Annotations:

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C254S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (E.) (22.8.2007) by Eggs and Chicks (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/2245), regs. 1(2), 21 (with reg. 1(4)(5))

C255S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (27.4.2008) by Eggs and Chicks (Scotland) Regulations 2008 (S.S.I. 2008/129), regs. 1(2), 20 (with reg. 3)

C256S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (19.12.2008) by Eggs and Chicks (Scotland) (No.2) Regulations 2008 (S.S.I. 2008/395), regs. 1(2), 20 (with reg. 3)

C257S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (17.4.2009) by Eggs and Chicks (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/793), regs. 1(2), 21 (with reg. 1(4)(5))

C258S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (14.9.2009) by Eggs and Chicks (England) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2163), regs. 1(1), 39

C259S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (16.7.2010) by The Eggs and Chicks (Wales) Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/1671), regs. 1(1), 39

C260S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (E.) (21.3.2011) by The Poultrymeat (England) Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/452), regs. 1(1), 25

C261S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (15.8.2011) by The Poultrymeat (Wales) Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/1719), regs. 1(2), 25(1)(e) (with reg. 1(4))

C262S. 46(1) applied (with modifications) (10.10.2011) by The Poultrymeat (Scotland) Regulations 2011 (S.S.I. 2011/318), regs. 1(2), 21(1)(g), (2)

47 Remuneration of tribunal chairmen.E+W+S

There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament to the chairman of any tribunal constituted in accordance with regulations under this Act such remuneration (by way of salary or fees) and such allowances as [F27the Secretary of State] may with the approval of the Treasury determine.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F27Words in s. 47 substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C264S. 47 functions made exercisable concurrently or jointly with the Welsh Ministers by 2006 c. 32, Sch. 3A para. 1 (as inserted (1.4.2018) by Wales Act 2017 (c. 4), s. 71(4), Sch. 4 para. 1 (with Sch. 7 paras. 1, 6); S.I. 2017/1179, reg. 3(p))

Instruments and documentsE+W+S

48 Regulations and orders.E+W+S

(1)Any power of [F28the Secretary of State] to make regulations or an order under this Act includes power—

(a)to apply, with modifications and adaptations, any other enactment (including one contained in this Act) which deals with matters similar to those being dealt with by the regulations or order;

(b)to make different provision in relation to different cases or classes of case (including different provision for different areas or different classes of business); and

(c)to provide for such exceptions, limitations and conditions, and to make such supplementary, incidental, consequential or transitional provisions, as the Ministers or the Minister considers necessary or expedient.

(2)Any power of [the Secretary of State] to make regulations or orders under this Act shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

(3)Any statutory instrument containing—

(a)regulations under this Act; or

(b)an order under this Act other than an order under section 60(3) below,

shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)[F29Subject to subsection (4C) below,]Before making—

(a)any regulations under this Act, other than regulations under section 17(2) or 18(1)(c) above; or

(b)any order under Part I of this Act,

[F28the Secretary of State] shall consult with such organisations as appear to them to be representative of interests likely to be substantially affected by the regulations or order.

[F30(4A)Before making any regulations or order under this Act, the Secretary of State shall have regard to any relevant advice given by the Food Standards Agency.

(4B)If it appears to the Secretary of State that the Food Standards Agency has undertaken any consultation with an organisation that he is required to consult under subsection (4) above, the Secretary of State may treat that consultation as being as effective for the purposes of that subsection as if undertaken by him.]

[F31(4C)Subsection (4) above shall not apply in any case in which consultation is required by Article 9 of Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002.]

(5)Any consultation undertaken before the commencement of subsection (4) above shall be as effective, for the purposes of that subsection, as if undertaken after that commencement.

[F32(6)In the application of this section to Scotland, the references to the Food Standards Agency are to be read as references to Food Standards Scotland.]

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F28Words in s. 48(1)(2)(4) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

F30S. 48(4A) inserted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 21 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C265S. 48 amended (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 18, Sch. 3 Pt. I para. 1, 7 (with s. 38); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

49 Form and authentication of documents.E+W+S

(1)The following shall be in writing, namely—

(a)all documents authorised or required by or under this Act to be given, made or issued by a food authority; and

(b)all notices and applications authorised or required by or under this Act to be given or made to, or to any officer of, such an authority.

(2)[F33the Secretary of State] may by regulations prescribe the form of any document to be used for any of the purposes of this Act and, if forms are so prescribed, those forms or forms to the like effect may be used in all cases to which those forms are applicable.

(3)Any document which a food authority are authorised or required by or under this Act to give, make or issue may be signed on behalf of the authority—

(a)by the proper officer of the authority as respects documents relating to matters within his province; or

(b)by any officer of the authority authorised by them in writing to sign documents of the particular kind or, as the case may be, the particular document.

(4)Any document purporting to bear the signature of an officer who is expressed—

(a)to hold an office by virtue of which he is under this section empowered to sign such a document; or

(b)to be duly authorised by the food authority to sign such a document or the particular document,

shall for the purposes of this Act, and of any regulations and orders made under it, be deemed, until the contrary is proved, to have been duly given, made or issued by authority of the food authority.

(5)In this section—

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F33Words in s. 49 substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C268S. 49 applied (with modifications) (S.) (1.1.2018) by The Novel Foods (Scotland) Regulations 2017 (S.S.I. 2017/415), regs. 1, 5(1)(i)

C269S. 49 applied (with modifications) (E.) (8.3.2018) by The Novel Foods (England) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/154), regs. 1, 7(1)(i)

C270S. 49(3)-(5) power to apply in part for certain purposes conferred (S.) (1.4.2015) by Food (Scotland) Act 2015 (asp 1), ss. 49(2)(c)(xi), 63(2) (with s. 62); S.S.I. 2015/99, art. 2

C271S. 49(4) applied (with modifications) (5.11.1991) by S.I. 1991/2486, reg. 7(2)

50 Service of documents.E+W+S

(1)Any document which is required or authorised by or under this Act to be given to or served on any person may, in any case for which no other provision is made by this Act, be given or served either—

(a)by delivering it to that person;

(b)in the case of [F34an authorised officer] of an enforcement authority, by leaving it, or sending it in a prepaid letter addressed to him, at his office;

(c)in the case of an incorporated company or body, by delivering it to their secretary or clerk at their registered or principal office, or by sending it in a prepaid letter addressed to him at that office; or

(d)in the case of any other person, by leaving it, or sending it in a prepaid letter addressed to him, at his usual or last known residence.

(2)Where a document is to be given to or served on the owner or the occupier of any premises and it is not practicable after reasonable inquiry to ascertain the name and address of the person to or on whom it should be given or served, or the premises are unoccupied, the document may be given or served by addressing it to the person concerned by the description of “owner” or “occupier” of the premises (naming them) and—

(a)by delivering it to some person on the premises; or

(b)if there is no person on the premises to whom it can be delivered, by affixing it, or a copy of it, to some conspicuous part of the premises.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F34Words in s. 50(1) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 40, ss. 76, 82(2)(f), Sch. 16 para. 18

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C272S. 50 applied (with modifications) (10.7.1995) by S.I. 1995/1544, reg. 10

S. 50 applied (with modifications) (30.6.1997) by S.I. 1995/1544, reg. 10(1)(as substituted (30.6.1997) by S.I. 1997/1414, reg. 3)

C276S. 50 applied (with modifications) (22.8.2007) by Eggs and Chicks (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/2245), regs. 1(2), 21 (with reg. 1(4)(5))

C277S. 50 applied (with modifications) (27.4.2008) by Eggs and Chicks (Scotland) Regulations 2008 (S.S.I. 2008/129), regs. 1(2), 20 (with reg. 3)

C278S. 50 applied (with modifications) (S.) (19.12.2008) by Eggs and Chicks (Scotland) (No.2) Regulations 2008 (S.S.I. 2008/395), regs. 1(2), 20 (with reg. 3)

C279S. 50 applied (with modifications) (17.4.2009) by Eggs and Chicks (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/793), regs. 1(2), 21 (with reg. 1(4)(5))

C280S. 50 power to apply in part for certain purposes conferred (S.) (1.4.2015) by Food (Scotland) Act 2015 (asp 1), ss. 49(2)(c)(xii), 63(2) (with s. 62); S.S.I. 2015/99, art. 2

C281S. 50 applied (with modifications) (S.) (1.1.2018) by The Novel Foods (Scotland) Regulations 2017 (S.S.I. 2017/415), regs. 1, 5(1)(j)

C282S. 50 applied (with modifications) (E.) (8.3.2018) by The Novel Foods (England) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/154), regs. 1, 7(1)(j)

Amendments of other ActsE+W+S+N.I.

51 Contamination of food: emergency orders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Part I of the M4Food and Environment Protection Act 1985 (contamination of food) shall have effect, and shall be deemed always to have had effect, subject to the amendments specified in subsection (2) below.

(2)The amendments referred to in subsection (1) above are—

(a)in subsection (1) of section 1 (power to make emergency orders), the substitution for paragraph (a) of the following paragraph—

(a)there exist or may exist circumstances which are likely to create a hazard to human health through human consumption of food;;

(b)in subsection (2) of that section, the omission of the definition of “escape”;

(c)the substitution for subsection (5) of that section of the following subsection—

(5)An emergency order shall refer to the circumstances or suspected circumstances in consequence of which in the opinion of the designating authority making it food such as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above is, or may be, or may become, unsuitable for human consumption; and in this Act “designated circumstances” means the circumstances or suspected circumstances to which an emergency order refers in pursuance of this subsection.;

(d)in section 2(3) (powers when emergency order has been made), the substitution for the words “a designated incident” of the words “ designated circumstances ”;

(e)in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 4 (powers of officers), the substitution for the words “an escape of substances” of the words “ such circumstances as are mentioned in section 1(1) above ”; and

(f)in paragraphs (b) and (c) of that subsection, the substitution for the words “the designated incident” of the words “ the designated circumstances ”.

Annotations:

Marginal Citations

52 Markets, sugar beet and cold storage.E+W+S

In the M5Food Act 1984 (in this Act referred to as “the 1984 Act”)—

(a)Part III (markets); and

(b)Part V (sugar beet and cold storage),

shall have effect subject to the amendments specified in Schedule 2 to this Act.

Annotations:

Marginal Citations

SupplementalE+W+S+N.I.

53 General interpretation.E+W+S

(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

(2)The following Table shows provisions defining or otherwise explaining expressions used in this Act (other than provisions defining or explaining an expression used only in the same section)—

authorised officer of a food authoritysection 5(6)
[F35Authorised officer of an enforcement authoritysection 6(6)]
businesssection 1(3)
commercial operationsection 1(3) and (4)
contact materialsection 1(3)
emergency control ordersection 13(1)
emergency prohibition noticesection 12(1)
emergency prohibition ordersection 12(2)
enforcement authoritysection 6(1)
examination and examinesection 28(2)
[F36foodsection 1(1)]
food authoritysection 5
food businesssection 1(3)
[F37food information section 15A
food information lawsection 15A]
food premisessection 1(3)
[F38food safety requirementssection 8]
food sourcesection 1(3)
improvement noticesection 10(1)
F39. . .F39. . .
F40. . .F40
F40. . .F40. . .
premisessection 1(3)
prohibition ordersection 11(5)
public analystsection 27(1)
[F41Regulation ( EC ) No. 178/2002 section 1(2)]
sale and related expressionssection 2
unfit for human consumptionsection 8(4)

(3)Any reference in this Act to regulations or orders made under it shall be construed as a reference to regulations or orders made under this Act by [F42the Secretary of State].

(4)For the purposes of this Act, any class or description may be framed by reference to any matters or circumstances whatever, including in particular, in the case of a description of food, the brand name under which it is commonly sold.

(5)Where, apart from this subsection, any period of less than seven days which is specified in this Act would include any day which is—

(a)a Saturday, a Sunday, Christmas Day or Good Friday; or

(b)a day which is a bank holiday under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 in the part of Great Britain concerned,

that day shall be excluded from that period.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F35 S. 53(2) entry inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 40 , ss. 76 , 82(2)(f) , Sch. 16 para. 19

F37Words in s. 53(2) inserted (S.) (1.4.2015) by Food (Scotland) Act 2015 (asp 1), s. 63(2), sch. para. 3(12) (with s. 62); S.S.I. 2015/99, art. 2

F38S. 53(2) entry substituted (1.1.2005) by General Food Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/3279), regs. 1, 15(a)

F39S. 53(2) entry omitted (1.1.2005) by General Food Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/3279), regs. 1, 15(b)

F40S. 53(3): entries repealed (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28 , s. 40(4) , Sch. 6 (with s. 38 ); S.I. 2000/1066 , art. 2

F41S. 53(2) entry inserted (7.12.2004) by Food Safety Act 1990 (Amendment) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/2990) , regs. 1(1) , 6(b)

F42S. 53(3) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28 , s. 40(1) , Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38 , 40(2) ); S.I. 2000/1066 , art. 2

Marginal Citations

Prospective

54 Application to Crown.E+W+S

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, the provisions of this Act and of regulations and orders made under it shall bind the Crown.

(2)No contravention by the Crown of any provision of this Act or of any regulations or order made under it shall make the Crown criminally liable; but the High Court or, in Scotland, the Court of Session may, on the application of an enforcement authority, declare unlawful any act or omission of the Crown which constitutes such a contravention.

(3)Notwithstanding anything in subsection (2) above, the provisions of this Act and of regulations and orders made under it shall apply to persons in the public service of the Crown as they apply to other persons.

(4)If the Secretary of State certifies that it appears to him requisite or expedient in the interests of national security that the powers of entry conferred by section 32 above should not be exercisable in relation to any Crown premises specified in the certificate, those powers shall not be exercisable in relation to those premises; and in this subsection “Crown premises” means premises held or used by or on behalf of the Crown.

(5)Nothing in this section shall be taken as in any way affecting Her Majesty in her private capacity; and this subsection shall be construed as if section 38(3) of the M9Crown Proceedings Act 1947 (interpretation of references in that Act to Her Majesty in her private capacity) were contained in this Act.

Annotations:

Marginal Citations

[F4355 Water supply: England and Wales.E+W

Nothing in Part 2 of this Act or any regulations or order made under that Part shall apply in relation to the supply of water to any premises, whether—

(a)by a water undertaker;

(b)by a [F44water supply licensee] (within the meaning of the Water Industry Act 1991); or

(c)by means of a private supply (within the meaning of Part 3 of that Act).]

56 Water supply: Scotland.E+W+S

(1)Nothing in Part II of this Act or any regulations or order made under that Part shall apply in relation to the supply of water to any premises, whether by [F45Scottish Water] or by means of a private supply (within the meaning of Part VIA of [F46the Water (Scotland) Act 1980]).

(2)In the following provisions of that Act, namely—

for the words “domestic purposes”, wherever they occur, there shall be substituted the words “ domestic or food production purposes ”.

(3)In subsection (2) of section 76F of that Act (general functions of local authorities in relation to water quality), for the words “domestic purposes” there shall be substituted the words “ domestic or food production purposes ” and for the words “those purposes” there shall be substituted the words “ domestic purposes ”.

(4)In subsection (1) of section 76G of that Act (remedial powers of local authorities in relation to private supplies), for the words “domestic purposes”, in the first place where they occur, there shall be substituted the words “ domestic or food production purposes ”.

(5)In subsection (1) of section 76L of that Act (interpretation etc. of Part VIA), after the definition of “analyse” there shall be inserted the following definition—

food production purposes” shall be construed in accordance with subsection (1A) below;.

(6)After that subsection there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(1A)In this Part references to food production purposes are references to the manufacturing, processing, preserving or marketing purposes with respect to food or drink for which water supplied to food production premises may be used; and in this subsection “food production premises” means premises used for the purposes of a business of preparing food or drink for consumption otherwise than on the premises.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

57 Scilly Isles and Channel Islands.E+W+S

F47(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that any of the provisions of this Act shall extend to any of the Channel Islands with such exceptions and modifications (if any) as may be specified in the Order.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

58 Territorial waters and the continental shelf.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Act the territorial waters of the United Kingdom adjacent to any part of Great Britain shall be treated as situated in that part.

(2)An Order in Council under [F48section 11 of the Petroleum Act 1998](application of civil law) may make provision for treating for the purposes of food safety legislation—

(a)any installation which is in waters to which that section applies; and

(b)any safety zone around any such installation,

as if they were situated in a specified part of the United Kingdom and for modifying such legislation in its application to such installations and safety zones.

(3)Such an Order in Council may also confer on persons of a specified description the right to require, for the purpose of facilitating the exercise of specified powers under food safety legislation—

(a)conveyance to and from any installation, including conveyance of any equipment required by them; and

(b)the provision of reasonable accommodation and means of subsistence while they are on any installation.

(4)In this section—

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F48Words in s. 58(2) substituted (15.2.1999) by 1998 c. 17, s. 50, Sch. 4 para. 28(a)(with Sch. 3 para. 5(1)); S.I. 1999/161, art. 2(1)

F49S. 58(4):words in definition of “installation” substituted (15.2.1999) by 1998 c. 17, s. 50, Sch. 4 para. 28(b)(with Sch. 3 para. 5(1)); S.I. 1999/161, art. 2(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C283S. 58 amended (11.11.1999) by 1999 c. 28, s. 43(3) (with s. 38)

C284S. 58(1) applied (9. 4. 1992) by S.I. 1992/496, reg. 7(1)(g)

C285S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (29.4.1998) by S.I. 1998/994, reg. 4

S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (W.) (9.1.2003) by S.I. 2002/3157, reg. 5(1)(l)

C286S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (E.) (1.3.2007) by Quick-frozen Foodstuffs (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/191), regs. 1(b), 10(l)

C287S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (W.) (1.3.2007) by Quick-frozen Foodstuffs (Wales) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/389), art. 10(l)reg. 1(2)

C288S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (31.7.2009) by The Food Irradiation (Scotland) Regulations 2009 (S.S.I. 2009/261), regs. 1(b), 11(1)(k) (with reg. 2)

C289S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (31.7.2009) by The Food Irradiation (England) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1584), regs. 1, 11(1)(k) (with reg. 2)

C290S. 58(1) applied (with modifications) (31.7.2009) by The Food Irradiation (Wales) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1795), regs. 1(1), 11(1)(k) (with reg. 2)

Marginal Citations

59 Amendments, transitional provisions, savings and repeals.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 3 to this Act shall have effect subject to the amendments there specified (being minor amendments and amendments consequential on the preceding provisions of this Act).

(2)[F50the Secretary of State] may by order make such modifications of local Acts, and of subordinate legislation (within the meaning of the M11Interpretation Act 1978), as appear to them to be necessary or expedient in consequence of the provisions of this Act.

(3)The transitional provisions and savings contained in Schedule 4 to this Act shall have effect; but nothing in this subsection shall be taken as prejudicing the operation of sections 16 and 17 of the said Act of 1978 (which relate to the effect of repeals).

(4)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 5 to this Act (which include some that are spent or no longer of practical utility) are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

Annotations:

Amendments (Textual)

F50Words in s. 59(2) substituted (1.4.2000) by 1999 c. 28, s. 40(1), Sch. 5 para. 8 (with ss. 38, 40(2)); S.I. 2000/1066, art. 2

Commencement Information

I1S.59 wholly in force; s. 59 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 60(2)-(4); s. 59(1)(2)(3) wholly in force and s. 59(4) partly in force at 1.2.1991; s. 59(4) partly in force at 1.4.1992 by S.I. 1990/2732, art. 2(d)(iv); s. 59(4) partly in force at 3.4.1992 by S.I. 1992/57, art. 2

Marginal Citations

60 Short title, commencement and extent.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Food Safety Act 1990.

(2)The following provisions shall come into force on the day on which this Act is passed, namely—

(3)Subject to subsection (2) above, this Act shall come into force on such day as the Ministers may by order appoint, and different days may be appointed for different provisions or for different purposes.

(4)An order under subsection (3) above may make such transitional adaptations of any of the following, namely—

(a)the provisions of this Act then in force or brought into force by the order; and

(b)the provisions repealed by this Act whose repeal is not then in force or so brought into force,

as appear to the Ministers to be necessary or expedient in consequence of the partial operation of this Act.

(5)This Act, except—

does not extend to Northern Ireland.

Annotations:

Subordinate Legislation Made

P1S. 60(3): power of appointment conferred by s. 60(3) exercised by S.Is. 1990/1383, 1990/2372, 1992/57.