Search Legislation

Social Security Act 1989

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Social Security Act 1989

1989 CHAPTER 24

An Act to amend the law relating to social security and occupational and personal pension schemes; to make provision with respect to certain employment-related benefit schemes; to provide for the recovery, out of certain compensation payments, of amounts determined by reference to payments of benefit; to make fresh provision with respect to the constitution and functions of war pensions committees; and for connected purposes.

[21st July 1989]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Contributions

1Amendments relating to primary Class 1 contributions

(1)In section 4 of the principal Act, for subsections (6) to (6B) (computation of primary Class 1 contributions) there shall be substituted—

(6)Where a primary Class 1 contribution is payable, the amount of that contribution shall be the aggregate of—

(a)the initial primary percentage of so much of the earnings paid in the tax week, in respect of the employment in question, as does not exceed the current lower earnings limit; and

(b)the main primary percentage of so much of those earnings as exceeds that limit but does not exceed the upper earnings limit;

but this subsection is subject to regulations under subsection (7) below or sections 128 to 132 below and to section 27 of the Pensions Act (contracted-out rates).

(6A)For the purposes of this Act the primary percentages shall be as follows—

(a)the initial primary percentage shall be 2 per cent.; and

(b)the main primary percentage shall be 9 per cent.;

but the rates of those primary percentages are subject to alteration under sections 122 and 123A below.

(6B)In the case of earners paid otherwise than weekly, any reference in subsection (6) above to the current upper, or (as the case may be) lower, earnings limit shall be taken as a reference to the prescribed equivalent of that limit.

(2)In subsection (6F) of that section (alteration of number of primary or secondary brackets) the words “primary or” shall be omitted.

(3)In section 122 of that Act (additional power to alter contributions) for paragraph (a) of subsection (1) there shall be substituted—

(a)the percentage rate specified—

(i)as the initial primary percentage in section 4(6A)(a);

(ii)as the main primary percentage in section 4(6A)(b);.

(4)In subsection (4) of that section (variation of rates for purpose of adjusting Redundancy Fund) for paragraph (a) there shall be substituted—

(a)the percentage rate specified—

(i)as the initial primary percentage in section 4(6A)(a);

(ii)as the main primary percentage in section 4(6A)(b);.

(5)In subsection (6) of that section, for paragraph (a) (maximum variation in Class 1 rates of 025 percentage points) there shall be substituted—

(a)to increase for any tax year—

(i)the percentage rate of the initial or main primary percentage, or

(ii)the percentage rate for secondary Class 1 contributions,

to a percentage rate more than 025 per cent. higher than the percentage rate applicable at the end of the preceding tax year for the primary percentage or secondary Class 1 contribution in question; or.

(6)In section 123A of that Act (further power to alter certain contributions) for subsection (1) there shall be substituted—

(1)For the purpose of adjusting amounts payable by way of primary Class 1 contributions, the Secretary of State may at any time make an order altering—

(a)the percentage rate specified as the initial primary percentage in section 4(6A)(a);

(b)the percentage rate specified as the main primary percentage in section 4(6A)(b).

(7)In subsection (3) of that section, for paragraph (a) (limit on increase of primary Class 1 rates) there shall be substituted—

(a)to alter the percentage rate of the initial or main primary percentage to a percentage rate more than 025 per cent. higher than the percentage rate applicable at the end of the preceding tax year for the primary percentage in question; or.

(8)In section 134 of that Act (destination of contributions) in paragraphs (a) and (i) of subsection (4) (“appropriate national health service allocation” and “appropriate employment protection allocation”, when in force, to include specified percentage of earnings in respect of which primary Class 1 contributions were paid) after the word “paid” there shall be inserted the words “at the main primary percentage rate”.

(9)In Schedule 20 to that Act (glossary of expressions) there shall be inserted at the appropriate places—

“Initial primary percentage”;“main primary percentage”;“primary percentage”
See section 4(6) and (6A).Construe “initial primary percentage rate” and “main primary percentage rate” as references to the percentage rates from time to time specified in section 4(6A)(a) or (b) as the initial or, as the case may be, main primary percentage.
“Main primary percentage”See “initial primary percentage”; “main primary percentage”;“primary percentage” above.
“Primary percentage”See “initial primary percentage”; “main primary percentage”; “primary percentage” above.

2Repayment of contributions where earnings become repayable

In Schedule 1 to the principal Act (contributions: supplementary provisions) in paragraph 6(1) (matters for which regulations may provide) after paragraph (g) there shall be inserted—

(gg)for the repayment, in prescribed cases, of the whole or a prescribed part of any contributions paid by reference to earnings which have become repayable;.

3Abolition of Treasury supplement to contributions

No payments by way of supplement, or adjustment of supplement, under section 1(5) of the principal Act shall be made after 31st March 1989 in respect of any contributions whether paid before, on or after that date.

4Earnings factors

(1)Section 13 of the principal Act (contribution conditions and earnings factors) shall be amended in accordance with subsections (2) to (4) below.

(2)In subsection (5) (manner in which tables and rules are to be drawn up) after the words “so that in general” there shall be inserted—

(a)for any tax year beginning on or after 6th April 1987, the amount of earnings on which primary Class 1 contributions have been paid or treated as paid gives rise, subject to subsection (5A) below, to an earnings factor for that year equal or approximating to the amount of those earnings; and.

(3)After subsection (5A) there shall be inserted—

(5AA)Regulations may impose limits with respect to the earnings factors which a person may have or be treated as having in respect of any one tax year.

(4)After subsection (5B) (duty to maintain and retain records) there shall be inserted—

(5C)Where the Secretary of State is satisfied that records of earnings relevant for the purpose of calculating a person’s earnings factors for a tax year beginning on or after 6th April 1987 have not been maintained or retained or are otherwise unobtainable then, for the purpose of determining those earnings factors, he may—

(a)compute, in such manner as he thinks fit, an amount which shall be regarded as the amount of that person’s earnings on which primary Class 1 contributions have been paid or treated as paid, or

(b)take the amount of those earnings to be such sum as he may specify in the particular case.

(5)The Earnings Factor Regulations, as in force for the purpose of determining earnings factors for the tax years beginning with 6th April 1985 and 6th April 1986, shall have effect, and be taken always to have had effect, with the substitution in paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 (which, as amended by regulation 2(3) of the Amending Regulations, provided in certain cases for the aggregation of separate contributions) for the words from “where the values” to “those sums” of the words—

  • where, in the case of any two or more separate sums—

    (a)

    the values to be accorded to F (apart from this paragraph) would fall to be ascertained under the same paragraph of paragraph 2(e) above, and

    (b)

    the values to be so accorded to G would fall to be ascertained under the same paragraph of paragraph 2(f) above,

    those sums.

(6)In subsection (5) above—

  • “the Earnings Factor Regulations” means the [S. I. 1979/676.] Social Security (Earnings Factor) Regulations 1979; and

  • “the Amending Regulations” means the [S. I. 1985/1417.] Social Security (Earnings Factor) Amendment Regulations 1985.

(7)The amendment by subsection (5) above of a provision contained in regulations shall not be taken to have prejudiced any power to make further regulations revoking or amending that provision, whether in relation to the tax years there mentioned or otherwise.

(8)The [S. I. 1988/429.] Social Security (Earnings Factor) Amendment Regulations 1988 shall have effect, and be deemed always to have had effect, as if the amendment made by subsection (3) above had come into force before the making of those regulations.

Liability to maintain children

5Liability of parents to maintain children under the age of nineteen in respect of whom income support is paid

(1)In section 20(11) of the 1986 Act (definitions for Part II) for the definition of “child” there shall be substituted—

“child”, subject to section 26(3)(d) below, means a person under the age of 16.

(2)In section 26(3) of that Act (person liable to maintain spouse and children etc)—

(a)in paragraph (a), for the words “his children” there shall be substituted the words “any children of whom he is the father”;

(b)in paragraph (b), for the words “her children” there shall be substituted the words “any children of whom she is the mother”; and

(c)after paragraph (c) there shall be added the words and

(d)“child” includes a person who has attained the age of 16 but not the age of 19 and in respect of whom either parent, or some person acting in the place of either parent, is receiving income support.

(3)In section 26(4) of that Act (reference to a person’s children to be construed in accordance with the [1987 c. 42.] Family Law Reform Act 1987) for the words “a person’s children” there shall be substituted the words “children of whom the man or the woman is the father or the mother”.

(4)In section 26(5) of that Act (adaptation for Scotland)—

(a)after the word “children” where first occurring there shall be inserted the words “of whom the man or the woman is the father or the mother”; and

(b)for that word where next occurring there shall be substituted the words “any such children”.

(5)In section 17(2)(a) of the [1970 c. 36.] Merchant Shipping Act 1970 (seaman’s dependants to consist of his spouse and certain persons under the age of sixteen) for the word “sixteen” there shall be substituted the word “nineteen”.

Benefits under the principal Act

6Benefits for women widowed before 11th April 1988

(1)In the case of a widow whose late husband died before 11th April 1988 and who either—

(a)was over the age of 40 but under the age of 55 at the time of her husband’s death, or

(b)is over the age of 40 but under the age of 55 at the time when she ceases to be entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance,

section 26 of the principal Act (widow’s pension) shall have effect, and be taken always to have had effect, as if section 36(3) of the 1986 Act (which substituted “45” for “40”, and “55” for “50”, in subsections (1) and (2)) had never been enacted.

(2)The [S.I. 1987/1854.] Social Security (Widow’s Benefit and Retirement Pensions) Amendment Regulations 1987 shall have effect, and be taken always to have had effect, with the addition at the end of regulation 3 (transitional provision for widowed mother’s allowance where husband died before 11th April 1988) of the following—

(3)In determining whether a widow—

(a)whose late husband died on or after 7th October 1987 and before 11th April 1988, and

(b)who became entitled to a widow’s allowance on his death,

is also entitled, after the cessation of that allowance, to a widowed mother’s allowance for any period beginning on or after 11th April 1988, regulation 16(1) of the principal Regulations shall apply as if regulation 2(6) above had not been made.

(4)In determining whether a widow—

(a)whose late husband died before 11th April 1988,

(b)who immediately before that date was entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance otherwise than by virtue of regulation 16(1) of the principal Regulations, and

(c)who would, apart from this paragraph, cease to be entitled to that allowance on or after that date,

is entitled to such an allowance for any period beginning on or after that date, that regulation shall apply as if regulation 2(6) above had not been made.

(3)The [S.I. 1989/523.] Social Security Benefit (Dependency) Amendment Regulations 1989 shall have effect, and be taken always to have had effect, with the insertion after regulation 3 (which made amendments concerning widowed mother’s allowance to regulation 4B of the [S.I. 1977/343.] Social Security Benefit (Dependency) Regulations 1977) of the following—

3AThe first amendment made by regulation 3 above shall not have effect in relation to a widow whose late husband died before 11th April 1988.

(4)In any case where—

(a)a claim for a widow’s pension or a widowed mother’s allowance is made, or treated as made, before the passing of this Act, and

(b)the Secretary of State has made a payment to or for the claimant on the ground that if the claim had been received immediately after its passing she would have been entitled to that pension or allowance, or entitled to it at a higher rate, for the period in respect of which the payment is made,

the payment so made shall be treated as a payment of that pension or allowance; and, if and to the extent that an award of the pension or allowance, or an award at a higher rate, is made for the period in respect of which the payment was made, the payment shall be treated as made in accordance with that award.

(5)Where, apart from section 165A of the principal Act (making of claim a condition of entitlement), a widow falling within subsection (1) above would be entitled to a widow’s pension for any period beginning on or after 11th April 1988, then, notwithstanding anything in that section, she shall be entitled to that pension for that period if she has made a claim for it before the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the passing of this Act.

(6)Where a widow’s late husband died on or after 7th October 1987 and before 11th April 1988 and, apart from section 165A of the principal Act, she would have become entitled to a widow’s allowance on his death, then if either—

(a)she was over the age of 40 but under the age of 55 at the time of his death, or

(b)she would, apart from that section, have been entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance on the cessation of her entitlement to the widow’s allowance,

she shall, notwithstanding anything in that section, be entitled to the widow’s allowance (and, accordingly, in a case falling within paragraph (b) above, to the widowed mother’s allowance) if she has made a claim, or is treated as having made a claim, for it before the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the passing of this Act.

(7)Where in consequence of any of the amending provisions an adjudicating authority has decided before the passing of this Act that a widow whose husband died before 11th April 1988 either—

(a)is not entitled to a benefit under section 25 or 26 of the principal Act, or

(b)is entitled to such a benefit at a particular rate,

an adjudication officer may review that decision, notwithstanding anything in section 104 of the principal Act.

(8)In any case where—

(a)it is determined on such a review that the widow in question was entitled to a benefit under section 25 or 26 of the principal Act, or was entitled to such a benefit at a higher rate, and

(b)the application for the review was made before the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the passing of this Act,

the decision on the review may take effect on 11th April 1988 or any later date, notwithstanding any provision of any Act or instrument restricting the payment of any benefit or increase of benefit to which a person would otherwise be entitled by reason of a review in respect of any period before the review.

(9)Subsection (4) of section 104 of the principal Act (appeals from reviews) shall apply in relation to a review under this section as it applies in relation to a review under that section.

(10)In this section—

  • “adjudicating authority” means—

    (a)

    an adjudication officer;

    (b)

    a social security appeal tribunal;

    (c)

    a Commissioner; and

  • “the amending provisions” are—

    (a)

    section 36(3) of the 1986 Act; and

    (b)

    regulation 2(6) of the [S.I. 1987/1854.] Social Security (Widow’s Benefit and Retirement Pensions) Amendment Regulations 1987 (deemed entitlement to child allowance for purposes of widowed mother’s allowance etc).

(11)The amendment by this section of provisions contained in regulations shall not be taken to have prejudiced any power to make further regulations revoking or amending those provisions.

(12)Nothing in this section shall be taken to prejudice section 16 or 17 of the [1978 c. 30.] Interpretation Act 1978 (effect of repeals, substitutions etc).

7Abolition of earnings rule etc

(1)In section 30 of the principal Act, subsection (1) (the earnings rule) shall cease to have effect.

(2)In section 28(1)(a) of that Act (conditions of entitlement to Category A retirement pension) the words “and has retired from regular employment” shall cease to have effect.

(3)In section 29 of that Act (woman’s Category B retirement pension)—

(a)in subsections (2) and (3) (first and second cases of entitlement) in paragraph (a), for the words “both of them have retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “has become entitled to a Category A retirement pension”; and

(b)in subsection (5), paragraph (a) (requirement, in fourth such case, to have retired from regular employment) shall cease to have effect.

(4)For section 12 of the Pensions Act (deferred retirement) there shall be substituted the following—

12Increase of retirement pension where entitlement is deferred

(1)Where a person’s entitlement to a Category A or Category B retirement pension is deferred, Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect for increasing the rate of his pension.

(2)For the purposes of this Act and the principal Act, a person’s entitlement to a Category A or Category B retirement pension is “deferred” if and so long as he does not become entitled to that pension by reason only—

(a)that he has not satisfied the conditions of section 165A of the principal Act (requirement to claim); or

(b)that, in the case of a woman’s Category B retirement pension by virtue of her husband’s contributions, her husband has not satisfied those conditions with respect to his Category A retirement pension;

and, in relation to any such pension, “period of deferment” shall be construed accordingly.

(5)Subsection (1) above affects the rate of pension to which a person is entitled for the week in which that subsection comes into force as well as any subsequent week (“week” having the same meaning in this subsection as it had in the proviso to the said section 30(1) immediately before its repeal).

(6)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect with the amendments there specified.

8Mobility allowance: increase of age limit to 80 years

(1)In section 37A of the principal Act (mobility allowance), in paragraphs (a) and (aa) of subsection (5) and in subsection (6A) (each of which refers to the age of 75) for “75” there shall be substituted “80”.

(2)For subsection (6B) of that section there shall be substituted—

(6B)Where, before the coming into force of this subsection, a person has been awarded a mobility allowance for a specified period ending with—

(a)the date on which he will attain pensionable age, or

(b)the date on which he will attain the age of 75,

that award shall have effect as if it referred instead to a period ending with the date on which he will attain the age of 80.

9Extension to personal pensions of occupational pension provisions relating to the abatement of unemployment benefit and the meaning of “earnings”

(1)In section 5 of the [1980 c. 39.] Social Security (No. 2) Act 1980 (abatement of unemployment benefit on account of payments of occupational pensions) in subsections (1), (2) and (4) for the words “occupational pension” in each place where they occur there shall be substituted the words “occupational or personal pension”.

(2)In subsection (3) of that section (definitions) for the definition of “payments by way of occupational pension” there shall be substituted—

“payments by way of occupational or personal pension” means, in relation to a person, periodical payments which, in connection with the coming to an end of an employment of his, fall to be made to him—

(a)out of money provided wholly or partly by the employer or under arrangements made by the employer; or

(b)out of money provided under an enactment or instrument having the force of law in any part of the United Kingdom or elsewhere; or

(c)under a personal pension scheme as defined in section 84(1) of the [1986 c. 50.] Social Security Act 1986; or

(d)under a contract or trust scheme approved under Chapter III of Part XIV of the [1988 c. 1.] Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988; or

(e)under a personal pension scheme approved under Chapter IV of that Part of that Act,

and such other payments as are prescribed.

(3)In sections 47B and 66A of the principal Act (earnings to include occupational pensions for the purposes of certain benefits) for the words “occupational pension” in each place where they occur there shall be substituted the words “occupational or personal pension”.

(4)In Schedule 20 to that Act (glossary of expressions) in the entry relating to “payments by way of occupational pension” for the words “occupational pension” there shall be substituted the words “occupational or personal pension”.

10Unemployment benefit: requirement to seek employment actively

(1)Section 17 of the principal Act (determination of days for which benefit is payable) shall have effect with the amendments made by subsections (2) to (4) below, which are made for the purpose of requiring a claimant for unemployment benefit to show that he is actively seeking employment.

(2)In subsection (1)(a)(i) (days not to be treated as days of unemployment unless certain conditions are fulfilled) after the words “available to be employed in employed earner’s employment” there shall be inserted the words “and that day falls in a week in which he is, or is deemed in accordance with regulations to be, actively seeking such employment”.

(3)In subsection (2) (regulations) after paragraph (a) there shall be inserted—

(aa)make provision with respect to—

(i)steps which a person is required to take in any week if he is to be regarded as actively seeking employed earner’s employment in that week;

(ii)the meaning of “week” in subsection (1)(a)(i) above or in any other provision relating to a person’s actively seeking employed earner’s employment;.

(4)After subsection (2A) of that section (determination of actual availability for employment on review of determination of deemed availability) there shall be inserted—

(2B)Where it has been determined that a person is to be deemed in accordance with regulations to be actively seeking employed earner’s employment in any week, the question of his actually doing so in that week may be subsequently determined on a review of the determination as to his deemed doing so.

(5)In section 104 of that Act (review of decisions), in subsection (1)(d), after the words “section 17(2A)” there shall be inserted the words “or (2B)”.

11Requalification for unemployment benefit

In section 18 of the principal Act, for subsection (2) (requalification for unemployment benefit) there shall be substituted—

(2)A person who has exhausted his right to unemployment benefit requalifies for it on the next occasion when, having again been in employment as an employed earner, he makes a claim for that benefit in circumstances such that the requalification conditions are satisfied with respect to each of at least 13 weeks in the period of 26 weeks immediately preceding—

(a)the day on which the claim is made, or

(b)if he would not requalify by reference to that day, his first day of unemployment since he was last in employment as an employed earner.

(2A)For the purposes of subsection (2) above the requalification conditions are satisfied with respect to any week if—

(a)the person in question has been in employment as an employed earner in that week;

(b)he has worked in such employment for at least 16 hours in that week; and

(c)the week begins after the last day for which he was entitled to unemployment benefit.

(2B)Subsection (2) above shall have effect in prescribed cases with the substitution for the reference to 26 weeks of a reference to such longer period as may be prescribed.

12Disqualification for unemployment benefit

(1)In subsection (1) of section 20 of the principal Act (disqualifications etc)—

(a)at the beginning, there shall be inserted the words “Subject to section 20A below”;

(b)in paragraphs (b), (c) and (d), for the words “suitable employment” there shall be substituted the word “employment”;

(c)in paragraphs (c) and (g), immediately before the word “neglected” there shall be inserted the words “without good cause”.

(2)In subsection (1A) of that section the words “longer or” shall cease to have effect.

(3)For subsection (4) of that section (meaning of “suitable employment”) there shall be substituted—

(4)For the purposes of subsection (1) above, regulations may—

(a)prescribe matters which are or are not to be taken into account in determining whether a person does or does not have good cause for any act or omission; or

(b)prescribe circumstances in which a person is or is not to be regarded as having or not having good cause for any act or omission;

but, subject to any such regulations, in determining for the purposes of that subsection whether a person does or does not have good cause for any act or omission, there shall be disregarded any matter relating to the level of remuneration in the employment in question.

(4)After that section there shall be inserted—

20AExemptions from disqualification for unemployment benefit

(1)Nothing in section 20 above or in regulations under that section shall be taken to disqualify a person for receiving unemployment benefit by reason only of his refusal—

(a)to seek or accept employment in a situation which is vacant in consequence of a stoppage of work due to a trade dispute; or

(b)to seek or accept during the permitted period any employment other than employment in his usual occupation at a level of remuneration not lower than he is accustomed to receive.

(2)Regulations shall make provision for the purpose of enabling any person of a prescribed description to accept any employed earner’s employment without being disqualified under—

(a)subsection (1)(a) of section 20 above, so far as it relates to a person who voluntarily leaves such employment without just cause, or

(b)subsection (1)(c) of that section,

should he leave that employment voluntarily and without just cause at any time after the end of the sixth week, but not later than the end of the twelfth week, of a trial period.

(3)In this section—

  • “permitted period”, in relation to any person, means such period, whether expired or not, as may be determined in accordance with regulations by an adjudication officer on the submission of the question whether that person is disqualified under section 20 above for receiving unemployment benefit; and any such regulations may prescribe—

    (a)

    the day on which any such period shall be regarded as having commenced in any case;

    (b)

    the shortest and longest periods which may be so determined in any case; and

    (c)

    criteria to which the adjudication officer is to have regard in determining the permitted period in any case; and

  • “trial period” means a period of twelve weeks beginning with the commencement of the employment in question; but regulations may—

    (a)

    make provision for the purpose of determining the day on which a person’s employment is to be regarded as commencing; and

    (b)

    provide that, for the purpose of determining the time at which the sixth or twelfth week of a trial period ends, prescribed periods may be disregarded in prescribed circumstances.

(5)In Schedule 20 to that Act (glossary of expressions) in the second column of the entry relating to “employment”, the following paragraph shall be added at the end—

Regulations may make provision modifying the meaning of “employment” for the purposes of any provision of this Act.

(6)Nothing in subsection (2) above shall affect the continuing operation of the [S.I. 1988/487.] Unemployment Benefit (Disqualification Period) Order 1988 (which substituted the period of 26 weeks for the period of 13 weeks in section 20(1) of the principal Act).

Income-related benefits

13Income support and unemployment

(1)In section 20 of the 1986 Act (income-related benefits) in subsection (3)(d)(i) (availability for employment as a condition for income support) after the words “available for” there shall be inserted the words “, and actively seeking,”.

(2)In subsection (12) of that section, for paragraph (d) (regulations defining availability for employment etc) there shall be substituted—

(d)as to circumstances in which a person is or is not to be treated as—

(i)engaged or normally engaged in remunerative work;

(ii)available for employment; or

(iii)actively seeking employment;.

14Housing benefit to take the form of payments or reductions

(1)In section 28 of the 1986 Act (arrangements for housing benefit) after subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A)The rebates and allowances referred to in subsection (1) above may take any of the following forms, that is to say—

(a)a payment or payments by the authority to the person entitled to the benefit;

(b)a reduction in the amount of any payments which that person is liable to make to the authority by way of rent or rates; or

(c)such a payment or payments and such a reduction;

and in any enactment or instrument (whenever passed or made) “pay”, in relation to housing benefit, includes discharge in any of those forms.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall be deemed to have come into force on 1st April 1988.

15Housing benefit subsidy

(1)In section 30 of the 1986 Act, in subsection (2) (computation etc of housing benefit subsidy) the words following paragraph (b), other than those added by the Local Government and Housing Act 1989, shall cease to have effect and after that subsection there shall be inserted—

(2A)In relation to rent allowance subsidy, the Secretary of State—

(a)may specify any such additions and deductions as are referred to in paragraph (a) of subsection (2) above, and

(b)may exercise his discretion as to what is unreasonable for the purposes of paragraph (b) of that subsection,

by reference to determinations made by rent officers in exercise of functions conferred on them under section 121 of the Housing Act 1988 or section 70 of the Housing (Scotland) Act 1988 (“the Housing Act functions”).

(2B)The Secretary of State may by regulations require a local authority in any prescribed case to apply to a rent officer for a determination to be made in pursuance of the Housing Act functions and any such authority shall comply with prescribed requirements as to the time for making such an application.

(2C)Where a local authority would have been required to apply to a rent officer for a determination under the Housing Act functions in a pre-commencement case, had the first regulations under subsection (2B) above come into force on 1st April 1989, regulations may make provision—

(a)requiring the authority in prescribed circumstances to apply within a prescribed period to the rent officer for that determination to be made; and

(b)requiring the rent officer in prescribed circumstances to make that determination on prescribed assumptions;

and in this subsection “pre-commencement case” means any case which arises before the date on which the first regulations under subsection (2B) above in fact come into force.

(2)For subsection (8) of that section (conditions for payment of subsidy) there shall be substituted the following—

(8)Subsidy under this section shall be payable by the Secretary of State at such time and in such manner as the Treasury may direct.

(8A)Subsidy shall not be payable to an authority until either—

(a)they have made a claim for it in such form as the Secretary of State may determine; or

(b)if they have not made such a claim, the amount of subsidy payable to them (apart from subsection (8F) below) has been estimated under subsection (8C) below.

(8B)The Secretary of State may withhold from an authority so much of any subsidy under this section as he thinks fit until either—

(a)the authority has supplied him with prescribed particulars relating to their claim for subsidy and complied with prescribed conditions as to records, certificates, audit or otherwise; or

(b)he is satisfied that there is a good reason for the authority’s failure to supply those particulars or comply with those conditions.

(8C)If an authority has not—

(a)made a claim for subsidy,

(b)supplied the prescribed particulars referred to in paragraph (a) of subsection (8B) above, or

(c)complied with the prescribed conditions referred to in that paragraph,

within the prescribed period, then the Secretary of State may estimate the amount of subsidy payable to them (apart from subsection (8F) below) and may employ for that purpose such criteria as he considers relevant.

(8D)If the Secretary of State considers it reasonable to do so in any particular case, he may give the authority in question written notice extending any of the periods prescribed under subsection (8C) above for the purposes of paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of that subsection, as the case may be.

(8E)If an authority fails to make a claim for subsidy within such period as the Secretary of State considers reasonable, he may withhold from them such part of the subsidy as he thinks fit for so long as he thinks fit.

(8F)Where the amount of subsidy paid to an authority for any year is found to be incorrect, the amount payable to them for any subsequent year may be adjusted for the purpose of rectifying that mistake in whole or in part.

16Expenses of Secretary of State in making transitional payments relating to income support and housing benefit

(1)Any expenses of the Secretary of State in making payments to persons falling within subsection (2) or (3) below may be paid out of money provided by Parliament.

(2)A person falls within this subsection if—

(a)he was entitled to supplementary benefit immediately before 11th April 1988, but

(b)he did not become entitled to income support in respect of the week beginning with that day.

(3)A person falls within this subsection if he was entitled to any one or more of the former housing-related benefits in respect of a qualifying week but either—

(a)he did not become entitled to housing benefit under Part II of the 1986 Act in respect of the commencement week, or

(b)the amount of any such housing benefit to which he became entitled in respect of that week was less than the amount of the former housing-related benefits to which he had been entitled in respect of the qualifying week.

(4)In this section—

  • “commencement day” means the day on which the new provisions came into force in the case of the person in question (1st or 4th April 1988, according to the circumstances);

  • “commencement week”, in relation to any person, means the week beginning with the commencement day in his case;

  • “the former housing-related benefits” means—

    (a)

    rent rebates, rate rebates and rent allowances, within the meaning of Part II of the 1982 Act; and

    (b)

    housing benefit supplement;

  • “the new provisions” means the following provisions of Part II of the 1986 Act, so far as relating to housing benefit, that is to say, sections 20 to 22, 28 and 29;

  • “qualifying week”, in relation to any person, means any week beginning on or after 21st March 1988 and ending before the commencement day in his case;

  • “week” means a period of seven days.

(5)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a person shall be regarded as having been entitled to housing benefit supplement in respect of a week if an amount was applicable in respect of him under regulation 19 of the [S. I. 1983/1399.] Supplementary Benefit (Requirements) Regulations 1983 in respect of that week; and

(b)the amount of housing benefit supplement to which he was entitled in respect of that week shall be taken to be an amount equal to the amount so applicable.

Up-rating

17Rectification of mistakes in up-rating orders

(1)After section 63 of the 1986 Act (annual review of certain sums) there shall be inserted the following—

63ARectification of mistakes in orders under section 63

(1)If the Secretary of State is satisfied that a mistake (whether in computation or otherwise) has occurred in the preparation of the previous order under section 63 above, he may by order vary the amount of any one or more of the sums specified in an enactment mentioned in subsection (1)(a) of that section by increasing or reducing it to the level at which it would have stood had the mistake not occurred.

(2)Where the amount of any such sum is varied under this section, then, for the purposes of the next review and order under that section, the amount of the sum shall be taken to be, and throughout the period under review to have been, its amount as so varied.

(2)In that Act—

(a)in section 64 (effect of alteration of rates of benefit) in subsection (1)(b), after the words “section 63” there shall be inserted the words “or 63A”;

(b)in section 83, in subsection (3) (statutory instruments which require affirmative procedure) in paragraph (d), after the words “section 63” there shall be inserted the words “or 63A”; and

(c)in subsection (5) of that section (Treasury consent) for the words “or 63” there shall be substituted the words “,63 or 63A”.

(3)In section 59B of the principal Act (retirement allowance) after subsection (5) there shall be inserted—

(5A)For the purpose of determining under subsection (5) above the weekly rate of retirement allowance in the case of a beneficiary who—

(a)retires or is deemed to have retired on 10th April 1989, and

(b)on 9th April 1989 was entitled to reduced earnings allowance at a rate which was restricted under section 59A(8) above by reference to 40 per cent. of the maximum rate of disablement pension,

it shall be assumed that the weekly rate of reduced earnings allowance to which he was entitled on 9th April 1989 was £26.96.

(4)Section 2 of the [1988 c. 7.] Social Security Act 1988 (certain persons to be entitled to reduced earnings allowance after introduction of retirement allowance etc) shall have effect with the amendments specified in subsections (5) and (6) below.

(5)After subsection (5) there shall be inserted—

(5A)For the purpose of determining under subsection (5) above the weekly rate of reduced earnings allowance payable in the case of a qualifying beneficiary, it shall be assumed that the weekly rate at which the allowance was payable to him on the relevant date was—

(a)£25.84, where that date is 10th April 1988, or

(b)£26.96, where that date is 9th April 1989.

(5B)In subsection (5A) above “qualifying beneficiary” means a person entitled to reduced earnings allowance by virtue of subsection (4) above who—

(a)did not attain pensionable age before 6th April 1987, or

(b)did not retire from regular employment before that date,

and who, on the relevant date, was entitled to the allowance at a rate which was restricted under section 59A(8) of the Social Security Act 1975 by reference to 40 per cent. of the maximum rate of disablement pension.

(6)In subsection (7) (relevant date for persons entitled to the allowance by virtue of subsection (4)(b)) after the words “by virtue” there shall be inserted the word “only”.

(7)Subsections (3) to (6) above shall be deemed to have come into force on 10th April 1989.

18Effect of alteration in the component rates of income support

After section 64 of the 1986 Act (effect of alteration of rates of benefit) there shall be inserted—

64AEffect of alteration in the component rates of income support

(1)Subject to such exceptions and conditions as may be prescribed, where—

(a)an award of income support is in force in favour of any person (“the recipient”), and

(b)there is an alteration in any of the relevant amounts, that is to say—

(i)any of the component rates of income support,

(ii)any of the other sums specified in regulations under Part II above, or

(iii)the recipient’s benefit income, and

(c)the alteration affects the computation of the amount of income support to which the recipient is entitled,

then subsection (2) or (3) below (as the case may be) shall have effect.

(2)Where, in consequence of the alteration in question, the recipient becomes entitled to an increased or reduced amount of income support (“the new amount”), then, as from the commencing date, the amount of income support payable to or for the recipient under the award shall be the new amount, without any further decision of an adjudication officer, and the award shall have effect accordingly.

(3)Where, notwithstanding the alteration in question, the recipient continues on and after the commencing date to be entitled to the same amount of income support as before, the award shall continue in force accordingly.

(4)In any case where—

(a)there is an alteration in any of the relevant amounts, and

(b)before the commencing date (but after that date is fixed) an award of income support is made in favour of a person,

the award either may provide for income support to be paid as from the commencing date, in which case the amount shall be determined by reference to the relevant amounts which will be in force on that date, or may provide for an amount determined by reference to the amounts in force at the date of the award.

(5)In this section—

  • “alteration” means—

    (a)

    in relation to—

    (i)

    the component rates of income support, or

    (ii)

    any other sums specified in regulations under Part II of this Act,

    their alteration by or under any enactment, whether or not contained in that Part; and

    (b)

    in relation to a person’s benefit income, the alteration of any of the sums referred to in section 63(1) above—

    (i)

    by any enactment, or

    (ii)

    by an order under section 63 or 63A above,

    to the extent that any such alteration affects the amount of his benefit income;

  • “benefit income”, in relation to any person, means so much of his income as consists of—

    (a)

    benefit under the benefit Acts, other than income support; or

    (b)

    a war disablement pension or war widow’s pension;

  • “the commencing date”, in relation to an alteration, means the date on which the alteration comes into force in the case of the person in question;

  • “component rate”, in relation to income support, means the amount of—

    (a)

    any of the sums specified in regulations under section 22(1) above; or

    (b)

    the sum referred to in section 23(5)(b)(i) and (ii) above;

  • “relevant amounts” has the meaning given by subsection (1)(b) above.

Information and adjudication

19Unauthorised disclosure of information relating to particular persons

(1)A person who is or has been employed in social security administration or adjudication is guilty of an offence if he discloses without lawful authority any information which he acquired in the course of his employment and which relates to a particular person.

(2)A person who is or has been employed in the audit of expenditure or the investigation of complaints is guilty of an offence if he discloses without lawful authority any information—

(a)which he acquired in the course of his employment;

(b)which is, or is derived from, information acquired or held by or for the purposes of any of the government departments or other bodies or persons referred to in Part I of Schedule 2 to this Act or in any corresponding enactment having effect in Northern Ireland; and

(c)which relates to a particular person.

(3)It is not an offence under this section—

(a)to disclose information in the form of a summary or collection of information so framed as not to enable information relating to any particular person to be ascertained from it; or

(b)to disclose information which has previously been disclosed to the public with lawful authority.

(4)It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to prove that at the time of the alleged offence—

(a)he believed that he was making the disclosure in question with lawful authority and had no reasonable cause to believe otherwise; or

(b)he believed that the information in question had previously been disclosed to the public with lawful authority and had no reasonable cause to believe otherwise.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or a fine or both; or

(b)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both.

(6)For the purposes of this section, the persons who are “employed in social security administration or adjudication” are—

(a)any person specified in Part I of Schedule 2 to this Act or in any corresponding enactment having effect in Northern Ireland;

(b)any other person who carries out the administrative work of any of the government departments or other bodies or persons referred to in that Part of that Schedule or that corresponding enactment; and

(c)any person who provides, or is employed in the provision of, services to any of those departments, persons or bodies;

and “employment”, in relation to any such person, shall be construed accordingly.

(7)For the purposes of subsections (2) and (6) above, any reference in Part I of Schedule 2 to this Act or any corresponding enactment having effect in Northern Ireland to a government department shall be construed in accordance with Part II of that Schedule or any corresponding enactment having effect in Northern Ireland, and for this purpose “government department” shall be taken to include the Commissioners of Inland Revenue.

(8)For the purposes of this section, the persons who are “employed in the audit of expenditure or the investigation of complaints” are—

(a)the Comptroller and Auditor General;

(b)the Comptroller and Auditor General for Northern Ireland;

(c)the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration;

(d)the Northern Ireland Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration;

(e)the Health Service Commissioner for England;

(f)the Health Service Commissioner for Wales;

(g)the Health Service Commissioner for Scotland;

(h)the Northern Ireland Commissioner for Complaints;

(i)any member of the staff of the National Audit Office or of the Northern Ireland Audit Office;

(j)any other person who carries out the administrative work of either of those Offices, or who provides, or is employed in the provision of, services to either of them; and

(k)any officer of any of the Commissioners referred to in paragraphs (c) to (h) above;

and “employment”, in relation to any such person, shall be construed accordingly.

(9)For the purposes of this section a disclosure is to be regarded as made with lawful authority if, and only if, it is made—

(a)in accordance with his official duty—

(i)by a civil servant; or

(ii)by a person employed in the audit of expenditure or the investigation of complaints who does not fall within subsection (8)(j) above;

(b)by any other person either—

(i)for the purposes of the function in the exercise of which he holds the information and without contravening any restriction duly imposed by the person responsible; or

(ii)to, or in accordance with an authorisation duly given by, the person responsible;

(c)in accordance with any enactment or order of a court;

(d)for the purpose of instituting, or otherwise for the purposes of, any proceedings before a court or before any tribunal or other body or person referred to in Part I of Schedule 2 to this Act; or

(e)with the consent of the appropriate person;

and in this subsection “the person responsible” means the Secretary of State, the Lord Chancellor or any person authorised by the Secretary of State or the Lord Chancellor for the purposes of this subsection and includes a reference to “the person responsible” within the meaning of any corresponding enactment having effect in Northern Ireland.

(10)For the purposes of subsection (9)(e) above, “the appropriate person” means the person to whom the information in question relates, except that if the affairs of that person are being dealt with—

(a)under a power of attorney,

(b)by a receiver appointed under section 99 of the [1983 c. 20.] Mental Health Act 1983 or any corresponding enactment having effect in Northern Ireland,

(c)by a Scottish mental health custodian, that is to say—

(i)a curator bonis, tutor or judicial factor, or

(ii)the managers of a hospital acting on behalf of that person under section 94 of the [1984 c. 36.] Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984, or

(d)by a mental health appointee, that is to say—

(i)a person directed or authorised as mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) of rule 41(1) of the [S.I. 1984/2035.] Court of Protection Rules 1984 or any similar appointee in Northern Ireland, or

(ii)a receiver ad interim appointed under sub-paragraph (b) of that rule or any similar appointee in Northern Ireland,

the appropriate person is the attorney, receiver, custodian or appointee, as the case may be, or, in a case falling within paragraph (a) above, the person to whom the information relates.

(11)This section shall come into force with the repeal of section 2 of the [1911 c. 28.] Official Secrets Act 1911.

20Disclosure of information by Inland Revenue for social security purposes

In section 59 of the 1986 Act (information which may be disclosed by the Inland Revenue for social security purposes)—

(a)in subsection (1) (information obtained in connection with the assessment or collection of income tax) after the word “obtained” there shall be inserted the words “or held”; and

(b)in subsection (2) (which restricts the information which may be so disclosed about self-employed earners to the commencement and cessation of their trade etc) after the words “cessation of” there shall be inserted the words “, and employed earners engaged in,”.

21Miscellaneous amendments relating to adjudication

The enactments mentioned in Schedule 3 to this Act (which relate to adjudication) shall have effect with the amendments there specified.

Recovery from damages etc of sums equivalent to benefit

22Recovery of sums equivalent to benefit from compensation payments in respect of accidents, injuries and diseases

(1)A person (the “compensator”) making a compensation payment, whether on behalf of himself or another, in consequence of an accident, injury or disease suffered by any other person (the “victim”) shall not do so until the Secretary of State has furnished him with a certificate of total benefit and shall then—

(a)deduct from the payment an amount, determined in accordance with the certificate of total benefit, equal to the gross amount of any relevant benefits paid or likely to be paid to or for the victim during the relevant period in respect of that accident, injury or disease;

(b)pay to the Secretary of State an amount equal to that which is required to be so deducted; and

(c)furnish the person to whom the compensation payment is or, apart from this section, would have been made (the “intended recipient”) with a certificate of deduction.

(2)Any right of the intended recipient to receive the compensation payment in question shall be regarded as satisfied to the extent of the amount certified in the certificate of deduction.

(3)In this section—

  • “benefit” means any benefit under—

    (a)

    the Social Security Acts 1975 to 1988, or

    (b)

    the Old Cases Act,

    and the “relevant benefits” are such of those benefits as may be prescribed for the purposes of this section;

  • “certificate of total benefit” means a certificate given by the Secretary of State in accordance with Schedule 4 to this Act;

  • “certificate of deduction” means a certificate given by the compensator specifying the amount which he has deducted and paid to the Secretary of State in pursuance of subsection (1) above;

  • “compensation payment” means any payment falling to be made (whether voluntarily, or in pursuance of a court order or an agreement, or otherwise)—

    (a)

    to or in respect of the victim in consequence of the accident, injury or disease in question, and

    (b)

    by or on behalf of a person who is, or is alleged to be, liable to any extent in respect of that accident, injury or disease,

    and includes, in particular, so much of the payment as represents reimbursement for costs incurred in procuring it, but does not include benefit or an exempt payment;

  • “compensator”, “victim” and “intended recipient” shall be construed in accordance with subsection (1) above;

  • “costs”, in relation to proceedings in Scotland, means expenses;

  • “payment” means payment in money or money’s worth, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;

  • “relevant period” means—

    (a)

    in the case of a disease, the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the victim first claims a relevant benefit in consequence of the disease; or

    (b)

    in any other case, the period of 5 years immediately following the day on which the accident or injury in question occurred;

    but where before the end of that period the compensator makes a compensation payment in final discharge of any claim made by or in respect of the victim and arising out of the accident, injury or disease, the relevant period shall end on the date on which that payment is made whether or not any subsequent payment falls to be made in respect only of taxed costs.

(4)For the purposes of this section the following are the “exempt payments”—

(a)any small payment, as defined in paragraph 4 of Schedule 4 to this Act;

(b)any payment made to or for the victim under section 35 of the [1973 c. 62.] Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 or section 58 of the [1980 c. 62.] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980;

(c)any payment to the extent that it is made—

(i)in consequence of an action under the [1976 c. 30.] Fatal Accidents Act 1976; or

(ii)in circumstances where, had an action been brought, it would have been brought under that Act;

(d)any payment to the extent that it is made in respect of a liability arising by virtue of section 1 of the [1976 c. 13.] Damages (Scotland) Act 1976;

(e)without prejudice to section 6(4) of the [1979 c. 17.] Vaccine Damage Payments Act 1979 (which provides for the deduction of any such payment in the assessment of any award of damages), any payment made under that Act to or in respect of the victim;

(f)any award of compensation made to or in respect of the victim by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board under section 111 of the [1988 c. 33.] Criminal Justice Act 1988;

(g)any payment made in the exercise of a discretion out of property held subject to a trust in a case where no more than 50 per cent. by value of the capital contributed to the trust was directly or indirectly provided by persons who are, or are alleged to be, liable in respect of—

(i)the accident, injury or disease suffered by the victim in question; or

(ii)the same or any connected accident, injury or disease suffered by another;

(h)any payment made out of property held for the purposes of any prescribed trust (whether the payment also falls within paragraph (g) above or not);

(j)any payment made to the victim by an insurance company within the meaning of the [1982 c. 50.] Insurance Companies Act 1982 under the terms of any contract of insurance entered into between the victim and the company before—

(i)the date on which the victim first claims a relevant benefit in consequence of the disease in question; or

(ii)the occurrence of the accident or injury in question;

(k)any redundancy payment falling to be taken into account in the assessment of damages in respect of an accident, injury or disease.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that any prescribed payment shall be an exempt payment for the purposes of this section.

(6)Except as provided by any other enactment, in the assessment of damages in respect of an accident, injury or disease the amount of any relevant benefits paid or likely to be paid shall be disregarded.

(7)Schedule 4 to this Act shall have effect for the purpose of supplementing the provisions of this section; and this section shall have effect subject to the provisions of that Schedule.

(8)This section and that Schedule shall apply in relation to any compensation payment made after the coming into force of this section to the extent that it is made in respect of—

(a)an accident or injury occurring on or after 1st January 1989; or

(b)a disease, if the victim’s first claim for a relevant benefit in consequence of the disease is made on or after that date.

Occupational and personal pensions etc

23Equal treatment for men and women

Schedule 5 to this Act shall have effect for the purpose of implementing the directive[86/378/EEC.] of the Council of the European Communities, dated 24th July 1986, relating to the principle of equal treatment for men and women in occupational social security schemes, and of making additional, supplemental and consequential provision.

24Miscellaneous amendments relating to pensions

The enactments and instruments mentioned in Schedule 6 to this Act (which relate to occupational and personal pensions) shall have effect with the amendments there specified.

War pensions committees

25Establishment and functions of war pensions committees

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations establish committees, known as war pensions committees, for such areas as may be specified in the regulations; and the regulations may, in particular, include provisions with respect to—

(a)the membership of the committees;

(b)the manner in which the members are to be appointed and the period for which, and the terms on which, they are to hold office; and

(c)the manner in which they may be removed.

(2)The committees shall have such functions relating to war pensions and war pensioners as may be conferred upon them by the regulations; and the regulations may, in particular, provide that it shall be their function—

(a)to consider any matter connected with war pensions or affecting war pensioners in their area and, where they think it appropriate, to make recommendations to the Secretary of State about that matter;

(b)to consider complaints made to them by persons receiving or claiming war pensions and, if they think fit, to make representations about those complaints to the Secretary of State;

(c)to consider any matters referred to them by the Secretary of State and to report to him on those matters with such recommendations as they may think fit; and

(d)to assist the War Pensioners' Welfare Service in looking after the welfare of war pensioners in their area.

(3)The regulations may include provisions with respect to the manner in which the committees are to discharge the functions conferred on them; and they shall exercise their functions subject to, and in accordance with, any such provisions.

(4)In this section—

  • “war pension” means—

    (a)

    any pension or other benefit, payable otherwise than under an enactment, for or in respect of a person who has died or been disabled in consequence of service as a member of the armed forces of the Crown,

    (b)

    any pension or benefit awarded under—

    (i)

    the [1939 c. 82.] Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act 1939,

    (ii)

    the [1939 c. 83.] Pensions (Navy, Army, Air Force and Mercantile Marine) Act 1939, or

    (iii)

    the [1947 c. 19.] Polish Resettlement Act 1947,

    (c)

    any pension or other payment which constitutes such an obligation as is mentioned in section 4(1) of the [1958 c. 46.] Statute Law Revision Act 1958 (seamen and fishermen killed or injured in the 1914-1918 war),

    (d)

    any other pension or benefit which is specified in an order made by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this section,

    but does not include any pension or benefit administered by the Defence Council, the Minister of the Crown with responsibility for defence or the Commissioners for the Royal Hospital for Soldiers at Chelsea; and

  • “war pensioner” means a person in receipt of a war pension, in his capacity as such a pensioner.

(5)In section 9(1) of the [1970 c. 44.] Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 (central advisory committee to include chairmen of at least 12 war pensions committees) for the words “by schemes under section 1 of that Act” there shall be substituted the words “by regulations under section 25 of the Social Security Act 1989”.

(6)In the [1921 c. 49.] War Pensions Act 1921—

(a)sections 1 and 2 (which are superseded by this section) shall cease to have effect; and

(b)in section 3 (constitution of central advisory committee) for the words “under this Act” there shall be substituted the words “under section 25 of the Social Security Act 1989”.

General and supplementary provisions

26Pre-consolidation amendments

(1)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 7 to this Act shall have effect subject to the amendments there specified, being amendments designed to facilitate, or otherwise desirable in connection with, the consolidation of enactments relating to social security or pensions.

(2)The amendment by that Schedule of any provision contained in any enactment by virtue of any order or regulations shall not be taken to have prejudiced any power to make further orders or regulations revoking or amending that provision.

27Application to the Crown

The provisions of section 22 above and Schedule 4 to this Act shall apply in relation to the making of a compensation payment by the Crown as they apply in relation to the making of such a payment by any other compensator, within the meaning of that section.

28Financial provisions

(1)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a)any expenses incurred under this Act by a Minister of the Crown; and

(b)any increase attributable to the provisions of this Act in the sums payable out of such money under any other Act.

(2)There shall be paid out of the National Insurance Fund into the Consolidated Fund, at such times and in such manner as the Treasury may direct, such sums as the Secretary of State may estimate (in accordance with any directions given by the Treasury) to be the amount of the administrative expenses incurred by him under sections 1 to 4, 6, 7, 9 to 12 and 22 above, excluding any category of expenses or payments which the Treasury may direct, or any enactment may require, to be excluded from the Secretary of State’s estimates under this subsection.

(3)Any sums paid to the Secretary of State in pursuance of section 22 above shall be paid—

(a)into the Consolidated Fund, to the extent that the Secretary of State estimates that those sums relate to payments out of money provided by Parliament; and

(b)into the National Insurance Fund, to the extent that he estimates that they relate to payments out of that Fund.

(4)Any expenses of the Secretary of State in making payments under paragraph 4, 16 or 18 of Schedule 4 to this Act shall be paid—

(a)out of money provided by Parliament, to the extent that the Secretary of State estimates that those payments relate to sums paid into the Consolidated Fund; and

(b)out of the National Insurance Fund, to the extent that he estimates that they relate to sums paid into that Fund.

(5)There shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund any increase by virtue of this Act in the sums so payable by virtue of any other Act.

29Regulations and orders: general provisions

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, subsections (1) to (3A) of section 166 of the principal Act shall apply in relation to any power conferred by any provision of this Act to make regulations or an order as they apply in relation to any power conferred by that Act to make regulations or an order, but as if for references to that Act there were substituted references to this Act.

(2)A statutory instrument containing (whether alone or with other provisions)—

(a)the first regulations made under section 17 of the principal Act by virtue of section 10 above, or

(b)the first regulations made by virtue of section 12 above, or

(c)the first regulations made under section 20 of the 1986 Act by virtue of section 13 above, or

(d)the first regulations prescribing relevant benefits for the purposes of section 22 above, or

(e)the first regulations made under section 59B(7) of the principal Act (retirement allowance) by virtue of paragraph 8(6) of Schedule 1 to this Act, or

(f)the first regulations made under section 2 of the [1988 c. 7.] Social Security Act 1988 (reduced earnings allowance etc) by virtue of paragraph 8(7) of that Schedule, or

(g)the first regulations under paragraph 4 of Schedule 4 to this Act, or

(h)any regulations under paragraph 21(2) of that Schedule,

shall not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(3)All regulations and orders made under this Act, other than those to which subsection (2) above applies and orders under section 33 below, shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)Section 167(3) of the principal Act and section 83(4) of the 1986 Act (regulations subject to negative resolution) shall not apply in relation to any regulations contained in a statutory instrument which falls within subsection (2) above by virtue of paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of that subsection.

(5)Any power to make—

(a)regulations prescribing relevant benefits for the purposes of section 22 above, or

(b)regulations under paragraph 4 of Schedule 4 to this Act,

shall be exercisable with the consent of the Treasury.

(6)A power conferred by this Act to make any regulations or order, where the power is not expressed to be exercisable with the consent of the Treasury, shall if the Treasury so direct be exercisable only in conjunction with them.

(7)Nothing in this section applies to orders of the Occupational Pensions Board under Schedule 5 to this Act.

30Interpretation

(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • “the 1973 Act” means the [1973 c. 38.] Social Security Act 1973;

  • “the 1982 Act” means the [1982 c. 24.] Social Security and Housing Benefits Act 1982;

  • “the 1986 Act” means the [1986 c. 50.] Social Security Act 1986;

  • “Commissioner” has the same meaning as it has in the principal Act;

  • “the Old Cases Act” means the [1975 c. 16.] Industrial Injuries and Diseases (Old Cases) Act 1975;

  • “the Pensions Act” means the [1975 c. 60.] Social Security Pensions Act 1975;

  • “prescribe” means prescribe by regulations;

  • “the principal Act” means the [1975 c. 14.] Social Security Act 1975;

  • “regulations” means regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(2)In this Act references to Great Britain include references to the territorial waters of the United Kingdom adjacent to Great Britain.

31Minor and consequential amendments, repeals and transitional provisions

(1)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 8 to this Act shall have effect with the amendments there specified (being minor amendments and amendments consequential on provisions of this Act).

(2)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 9 to this Act (which include some that are spent or of no further practical utility) are repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations make—

(a)such transitional provision,

(b)such consequential provision, or

(c)such savings,

as he considers necessary or expedient in preparation for or in connection with the coming into force of any provision of this Act or the operation of any enactment repealed or amended by a provision of this Act during any period when the repeal or amendment is not wholly in force.

32Corresponding provision for Northern Ireland

An Order in Council under paragraph 1(1)(b) of Schedule 1 to the [1974 c. 28.] Northern Ireland Act 1974 (legislation for Northern Ireland in the interim period) which states that it is made only for purposes corresponding to those of this Act—

(a)shall not be subject to paragraph 1(4) and (5) of that Schedule (affirmative resolution of both Houses of Parliament); but

(b)shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

33Short title, commencement and extent

(1)This Act may be cited as the Social Security Act 1989; and this Act, other than section 25, and the Social Security Acts 1975 to 1988 may be cited together as the Social Security Acts 1975 to 1989.

(2)Apart from the provisions specified in subsection (3) below, this Act shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint; and different days may be so appointed for different provisions or different purposes of the same provision.

(3)The provisions referred to in subsection (2) above are the following—

(a)sections 2, 3, 4, 6, 14 to 20, 28, 29, 30, 31(3), 32 and this section;

(b)Schedule 2;

(c)paragraphs 1, 12 and 13 of Schedule 3 (and section 21 so far as relating to those paragraphs),

(d)paragraphs 6 to 8, 14 and 16 to 21 of Schedule 6 (and section 24 so far as relating to those paragraphs);

(e)paragraphs 2 to 7, 13 and 15 of Schedule 7 (and section 26 so far as relating to those paragraphs);

(f)paragraphs 1, 4 to 6, 8 to 13, 17 and 18 of Schedule 8 (and section 31 so far as relating to those paragraphs);

(g)the repeals in Schedule 9 to the extent that they are consequential on any provision specified in paragraphs (a) to (f) above (and section 31 so far as relating to those repeals).

(4)Where any enactment repealed or amended by this Act extends to any part of the United Kingdom, the repeal or amendment extends to that part.

(5)Paragraph 12 of Schedule 4 does not extend to Scotland.

(6)Sections 25, 31(3), 32 and this section extend to Northern Ireland.

(7)Except as provided by this section, this Act does not extend to Northern Ireland.

SCHEDULES

Section 7

SCHEDULE 1Abolition of Earnings Rule Etc.

Category A and Category B retirement pensions

1In section 27 of the principal Act, subsections (3), (4) and (5) (retirement from regular employment) shall cease to have effect.

2(1)In section 30 of that Act, in subsection (3) (election to be treated as if entitlement to retirement pension had not commenced) the following shall cease to have effect—

(a)in paragraph (a) the words “retired from regular employment or has otherwise”; and

(b)the words “retired or”.

(2)For subsection (5) of that section (advance notice of retirement) there shall be substituted the following—

(5)In any case where—

(a)a person claims a Category A or Category B retirement pension, and

(b)the date specified in the claim as the date on which entitlement to the pension is to commence falls after the date when the claim was made,

such a pension may be awarded as from the date so specified but, if so awarded, shall be conditional on the person’s not ceasing to be entitled to the pension in consequence of any election under subsection (3) above.

(3)Subsection (6)(a) of that section (power to vary 5 year period in sections 27(5) and 30(1)) shall cease to have effect.

Deferred entitlement to retirement pension

3(1)In Schedule 1 to the Pensions Act (deferred retirement) for the words from the beginning of the Schedule to “age” in paragraph 1 there shall be substituted—

SCHEDULE 1Increase of Pension Where Entitlement is Deferred

Increase of pension where pensioner’s entitlement is deferred

1Where a person’s entitlement to a Category A or Category B retirement pension is deferred,.

(2)In paragraph 2 of that Schedule, in sub-paragraph (1), for the words “period of deferment” there shall be substituted the words “period of enhancement”.

(3)For sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph (definitions) there shall be substituted—

(2)In this Schedule—

  • “incremental period” means any period of six days which are treated by regulations as days of increment for the purposes of this Schedule in relation to the person and the pension in question; and

  • “the period of enhancement”, in relation to that person and that pension, means the period which—

    (a)

    begins on the same day as the period of deferment in question; and

    (b)

    ends on the same day as that period or, if earlier, on the day before the fifth anniversary of the beginning of that period.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) of that paragraph, for the words “if he had retired on attaining pensionable age” there shall be substituted the words “if his entitlement had not been deferred”.

(5)In sub-paragraph (5) of that paragraph, for the words “period of deferment” in both places where they occur there shall be substituted the words “period of enhancement”.

(6)In sub-paragraph (6) of that paragraph, for the words “if he had retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “if his entitlement had not been deferred”.

(7)In paragraph 3 of that Schedule—

(a)for the words “period of deferment” there shall be substituted the words “period of enhancement”; and

(b)for the words “if he had retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “if his entitlement to the pension had commenced”.

(8)In the heading preceding paragraph 4 of that Schedule, for the words “deferred retirement” there shall be substituted the words “deferred entitlement”; and in that paragraph—

(a)in sub-paragraph (1)(b)(ii) for the words “if he had retired on the date of” there shall be substituted the words “if his period of deferment had ended on the day before”, and

(b)in sub-paragraph (2)(c)(ii) for the words “if she had retired on the date of ” there shall be substituted the words “if her period of deferment had ended on the day before”.

(9)In paragraph 5 of that Schedule (married women) for sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) there shall be substituted—

5(1)For the purposes of paragraphs 1 to 3 above in their application to a Category B retirement pension to which a married woman is entitled by virtue of her husband’s contributions, a married woman who would have become entitled to such a pension on an earlier day if her husband’s entitlement to his Category A retirement pension had not been deferred shall be treated as having (in addition to any other period of enhancement) a period of enhancement which begins on that earlier day and ends on the same day as her husband’s period of enhancement.

(2)The reference in sub-paragraph (1) above to the day on which the woman’s husband’s period of enhancement ends shall, where the marriage is terminated before that day, be construed as a reference to the day on which the marriage is terminated.

(10)In sub-paragraph (3) of that paragraph—

(a)for the words “if he had retired on attaining pensionable age” there shall be substituted the words “if his entitlement had not been deferred”; and

(b)for the words “if she and her husband had so retired” there shall be substituted the words “if neither her nor her husband’s entitlement to a retirement pension had been deferred”.

(11)In Schedule 20 to the principal Act (glossary of expressions) there shall be inserted at the appropriate places—

“Deferred” and “period of deferment” (in relation to entitlement to a Category A or Category B retirement pension)See section 12 of the Pensions Act.
“Period of deferment” (in relation to a Category A or Category B retirement pension)See “deferred” and “period of deferment” above.

Unemployment and sickness benefit

4(1)In section 14 of the principal Act, in subsection (2) (conditions of entitlement for unemployment and sickness benefit) for paragraphs (b) and (c) there shall be substituted—

(b)on that day the person—

(i)is over pensionable age, but not more than five years over that age; and

(ii)would be entitled to a Category A retirement pension (section 28) if his entitlement had not been deferred or if he had not made an election under section 30(3) below; or

(c)on that day the person—

(i)is over pensionable age, but not more than five years over that age; and

(ii)would be entitled to a Category B retirement pension by virtue of the contributions of his deceased spouse, but for any such deferment or election.

(2)In subsection (6) of that section (rate of benefit: disregard of certain increases) the words following paragraph (c) shall cease to have effect.

Invalidity pension

5(1)In section 15 of that Act (invalidity pension) in subsection (1)(b)(ii) for the words “and not having retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “,but not more than five years over it,”.

(2)For subsection (2) of that section (additional conditions for those over pensionable age) there shall be substituted—

(2)The conditions of this subsection are that on that day—

(a)the person would be entitled to a Category A retirement pension (section 28) if his entitlement had not been deferred or if he had not made an election under section 30(3) below; or

(b)the person would be entitled to a Category B retirement pension by virtue of the contributions of his deceased spouse, but for any such deferment or election.

(3)In subsection (6)(a) of that section (regulations making provision for persons over pensionable age corresponding to section 50A) the words “but have not retired from regular employment” shall cease to have effect.

Category C retirement pension

6In section 39(1)(b) of that Act (Category C pension for retired woman over pensionable age whose husband is entitled to such a pension) the words “and has retired from regular employment” shall cease to have effect.

Increases for dependants

7Section 48(2) and (3) of that Act (application of earnings rule in connection with increase of Category A pension in respect of dependants) shall cease to have effect.

Industrial injuries benefit

8(1)In section 50A of that Act (sickness benefit in respect of industrial injury) in subsection (3)(b) for the words “but has not retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “but who is not for the time being entitled to a Category A or Category B retirement pension.”

(2)In section 59B of that Act (retirement allowance etc) in subsection (1)—

(a)in paragraph (b), for the words from the beginning to “from” there shall be substituted the words “gives up”;

(b)in paragraph (c), for the words “retired or is deemed to have retired” there shall be substituted the words “gave up such employment”; and

(c)in the words following that paragraph, for the words from “retires” onwards there shall be substituted the words “gives up regular employment and may become entitled to it again only if he returns to regular employment.”

(3)In subsection (3) of that section (duration of entitlement) for the words “Unless he makes an election in accordance with regulations under section 30(3) above” there shall be substituted the words “Unless he returns to regular employment”.

(4)For subsection (4) of that section there shall be substituted—

(4)If he returns to regular employment, his entitlement to retirement allowance shall cease on the day on which he does so; but he may again become entitled to reduced earnings allowance or, if he again gives up regular employment, retirement allowance.

(5)In subsection (5) of that section (rate of benefit) for paragraph (a) there shall be substituted—

(a)25 per cent. of the weekly rate at which he was last entitled to reduced earnings allowance; or.

(6)After subsection (6) of that section there shall be inserted—

(7)Regulations may—

(a)make provision with respect to the meaning of “regular employment” for the purposes of this section; and

(b)prescribe circumstances in which, and periods for which, a person is or is not to be regarded for those purposes as having given up, or returned to, such employment.

(8)Regulations under subsection (7) above may, in particular—

(a)provide for a person to be regarded—

(i)as having given up, or as not having returned to, regular employment, notwithstanding that he is or intends to be an earner; or

(ii)as having returned to, or as not having given up, regular employment, notwithstanding that he has or may have one or more days of interruption of employment; and

(b)prescribe circumstances in which a person is or is not to be regarded as having given up, or returned to, regular employment by reference to—

(i)the level or frequency of his earnings during a prescribed period; or

(ii)the number of hours for which he works during a prescribed period calculated in a prescribed manner.

(7)In section 2 of the [1988 c. 7.] Social Security Act 1988, for subsection (8) (which provides that no retired person over pensionable age shall be entitled to reduced earnings allowance except under subsection (4) of that section) there shall be substituted—

(8)Subsection (4) above shall, in prescribed circumstances, cease to apply in the case of a person who is engaged in regular employment; and, subject to regulations, any subsequent entitlement of his to reduced earnings allowance or retirement allowance shall be determined as if that subsection had never been enacted.

(8A)In subsection (8) above, “regular employment” has the same meaning as it has in section 59B of the Social Security Act 1975 (retirement allowance) and regulations may prescribe circumstances in which a person is or is not to be regarded as engaged in such employment.

(8)Subsection (9) of that section (definitions relating to retirement) shall cease to have effect.

Category B retirement pension for widower

9(1)In section 8 of the Pensions Act, in subsection (1) (conditions of entitlement for widower’s Category B pension) the words “who has retired from regular employment” shall cease to have effect.

(2)For subsection (3) of that section (period of entitlement) there shall be substituted—

(3)Subject to the provisions of the principal Act, a man shall become entitled to a Category B retirement pension on the day on which the conditions of entitlement become satisfied in his case and his entitlement shall continue throughout his life.

Invalidity pensions for widows and widowers

10(1)In section 15 of that Act, in subsection (5) (disentitlement to widow’s invalidity pension)—

(a)for the words “and has retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “and is entitled to a Category A or Category B retirement pension”; and

(b)for the words “she retires from regular employment, having attained” there shall be substituted the words “she has attained”.

(2)In section 16 of that Act, in subsection (5) (disentitlement to widower’s invalidity pension)—

(a)for the words “and has retired from regular employment” there shall be substituted the words “and is entitled to a Category A or Category B retirement pension”; and

(b)for the words “he retires from regular employment, having attained” there shall be substituted the words “he has attained”.

Occupational and personal pensions

11In section 29 of that Act (contracted-out rates of benefit) in subsection (2) (circumstances in which a person is treated as entitled to a guaranteed minimum pension) before the word “if” in each of the places where it occurs there shall be inserted respectively “(a)”, “(b)” and “(c)”; and at the end of that subsection there shall be inserted the words or

(d)if its commencement had not been postponed, as mentioned in section 33(3) below.

Section 19.

SCHEDULE 2Persons Employed in Social Security Administration or Adjudication

Part IThe Specified Persons

Government departments

A civil servant in—

(a)the Department of Social Security;

(b)the Department of Employment;

(c)the Lord Chancellor’s Department.

The Inland Revenue

A member or officer of the Commissioners of Inland Revenue.

Adjudication officers

  • The Chief Adjudication Officer.

  • An adjudication officer.

Adjudicating bodies

The clerk to, or other officer or member of the staff of, any of the following bodies—

(a)a social security appeal tribunal;

(b)the Attendance Allowance Board;

(c)a medical appeal tribunal;

(d)a vaccine damage tribunal;

(e)a Pensions Appeal Tribunal constituted under the [1943 c. 39.] Pensions Appeal Tribunals Act 1943.

The Occupational Pensions Board

  • The chairman or deputy chairman of the Occupational Pensions Board.

  • A member of that Board.

  • A member of the staff of that Board.

The Social Fund

  • The Social Fund Commissioner.

  • A social fund officer.

  • A social fund inspector.

  • A member of any staff employed in connection with the Social Fund.

Former statutory bodies and officers

  • An officer or other member of the staff of—

    (a)

    the former Supplementary Benefits Commission;

    (b)

    the former National Assistance Board.

  • A benefit officer.

  • An insurance officer.

Part IIConstruction of References to Government Departments Etc

1(1)The reference in Part I of this Schedule to the Department of Social Security includes a reference to—

(a)the former Department of Health and Social Security,

(b)the former Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance,

(c)the former Ministry of Social Security, and

(d)any other former government department,

but, in the case of paragraphs (a) and (d) above, only to the extent that the functions carried out in the former department related to social security or to occupational or personal pension schemes or to war pensions.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above—

  • “occupational pension scheme” has the meaning given by section 66(1) of the Pensions Act;

  • “personal pension scheme” has the meaning given by section 84(1) of the 1986 Act; and

  • “war pension” has the meaning given by section 25(4) of this Act.

2The reference in Part I of this Schedule to the Department of Employment is a reference to that Department only to the extent that the functions carried out in it relate to unemployment benefit or income support or related to the former supplementary benefit.

3The reference in Part I of this Schedule to the Lord Chancellor’s Department is a reference to that Department only to the extent that the functions carried out relate to functions of the Chief Social Security Commissioner or any other Social Security Commissioner.

4The reference in Part I of this Schedule to the Commissioners of Inland Revenue is a reference to those Commissioners only to the extent that the functions carried out by them or any officer of theirs relate to—

(a)any of the following aspects of social security—

(i)National Insurance contributions,

(ii)statutory sick pay,

(iii)statutory maternity pay, or

(b)the tax treatment of occupational or personal pension schemes, as defined in paragraph 1(2) above.

Section 21.

SCHEDULE 3Adjudication

Questions arising for determination by the Secretary of State

1(1)In section 93 of the principal Act (questions for the Secretary of State) after subsection (2) there shall be inserted—

(2A)Regulations may make provision restricting the persons who may apply to the Secretary of State for the determination of any such question as is mentioned in subsection (1) above.

(2)In section 115 of that Act (power to make procedure regulations) in subsection (6) (declaration of extent of certain powers) after the word “declared” there shall be inserted “(a)” and at the end of that subsection there shall be added the words and

(b)that the power to provide for the manner in which questions arising for determination by the Secretary of State are to be raised includes power to make provision with respect to the formulation of any such questions (whether arising on a reference under section 148 below or otherwise).

Procedure on determination of claims or questions

2At the end of section 99 of that Act (decision of adjudication officer) there shall be added—

(4)Where—

(a)a case has been referred to a social security appeal tribunal (“the tribunal”), and

(b)the claimant makes a further claim which raises the same or similar questions, and

(c)that further claim is referred to the tribunal by the adjudication officer,

then the tribunal may proceed to determine the further claim whether or not notice of its reference has been given to the claimant under subsection (3) above.

3(1)After section 115 of that Act there shall be inserted—

115APower of adjudicating authorities to refer matters to experts

(1)An authority to which this section applies may refer any question of special difficulty arising for decision by the authority to one or more experts for examination and report.

(2)The authorities to which this section applies are—

(a)an adjudication officer;

(b)an adjudicating medical practitioner, or two or more such practitioners acting together;

(c)a specially qualified adjudicating medical practitioner appointed by virtue of section 113 above, or two or more such practitioners acting together;

(d)a social security appeal tribunal;

(e)a medical appeal tribunal;

(f)the Attendance Allowance Board;

(g)a Commissioner;

(h)the Secretary of State.

(3)Regulations may prescribe cases in which a Commissioner shall not exercise the power conferred by subsection (1) above.

(4)In this section “expert” means a person appearing to the authority to have knowledge or experience which would be relevant in determining the question of special difficulty.

115BAssessors

(1)Where it appears to an authority to which this section applies that a matter before the authority involves a question of fact of special difficulty, then, unless regulations otherwise provide, the authority may direct that in dealing with that matter they shall have the assistance of one or more assessors.

(2)The authorities to which this section applies are—

(a)two or more adjudicating medical practitioners acting together;

(b)two or more specially qualified adjudicating medical practitioners, appointed by virtue of section 113 above, acting together;

(c)a social security appeal tribunal;

(d)a medical appeal tribunal;

(e)the Attendance Allowance Board;

(f)a Commissioner;

(g)the Secretary of State.

(2)The following provisions of that Act (which enable certain adjudicating authorities to refer matters to medical practitioners or to have the assistance of assessors and which are superseded by sub-paragraph (1) above) shall cease to have effect—

(a)section 101(6) and (7);

(b)paragraph 4 of Schedule 11;

(c)paragraphs 8 and 9 of Schedule 13.

4In Schedule 13 to that Act, in paragraph 1 (procedure to be followed in connection with determination of claims and questions by Secretary of State etc) after the words “Secretary of State” there shall be inserted the words “, an adjudication officer”.

Appeals and appellate bodies

5In section 100 of that Act (appeals to social security appeal tribunal) in subsection (3) the words from “without leave” onwards shall cease to have effect.

6In section 101 of that Act (appeals from social security appeal tribunal to Commissioner on point of law) in subsection (5) (powers of Commissioner when holding that there has been error of law)—

(a)after the words “point of law” there shall be inserted the words “he shall set it aside and”; and

(b)after paragraph (b) (Commissioner to refer case to tribunal with directions for determination) there shall be added the words—

and, subject to any direction of the Commissioner, the tribunal on a reference under paragraph (b) above shall consist of persons who were not members of the tribunal which gave the erroneous decision.

7In section 104 of that Act (review of decisions) after subsection (3A) there shall be inserted—

(3B)Where a claimant has appealed against a decision of an adjudication officer and the decision is reviewed under this section by an adjudication officer, then—

(a)if the adjudication officer considers that the decision which he has made on the review is the same as the decision that would have been made on the appeal had every ground of the claimant’s appeal succeeded, then the appeal shall lapse; but

(b)in any other case, the review shall be of no effect and the appeal shall proceed accordingly.

8In section 106 of that Act, for subsection (2) (regulations to make provision concerning appeals from decision of the Attendance Allowance Board on point of law etc) there shall be substituted—

(2)An appeal lies to a Commissioner, with his leave or that of another Commissioner, against a determination by the Board of any question of law arising either—

(a)on a review under subsection (1) above, or

(b)in connection with a refusal by the Board to review a determination made by them under section 105(3) above or this section,

at the instance of the claimant in question or the Secretary of State.

(2A)Where the Commissioner holds that the Board’s determination was erroneous in point of law—

(a)he shall set it aside and refer the case to the Board; and

(b)unless the Commissioner otherwise directs, the Board shall not delegate the determination of that case to the medical practitioner, or any of the medical practitioners, who gave the erroneous decision.

(2B)The references to the Board in subsection (2) above, and the first such reference in subsection (2A) above, include a reference to a delegate appointed in pursuance of paragraph 5 of Schedule 11 to this Act.

(2C)Regulations may make provision as to the manner in which, and the time within which, appeals under subsection (2) above are to be brought and applications for leave to appeal under that subsection are to be made.

9(1)In section 112 of that Act (appeals from medical appeal tribunal to Commissioner on point of law)—

(a)subsection (4) (power of tribunal to refer question of law to a Commissioner) shall cease to have effect; and

(b)in subsection (5) (tribunal to revise decision on case in light of Commissioner’s decision on point of law) the words “or reference” and the words from “and the medical” onwards shall cease to have effect.

(2)After subsection (5) there shall be added—

(6)Where the Commissioner holds that the decision was erroneous in point of law he shall set it aside and refer the case to a medical appeal tribunal with directions for its determination.

(7)Subject to any direction of the Commissioner, the tribunal on a reference under subsection (6) above shall consist of persons who were not members of the tribunal which gave the erroneous decision.

10In Schedule 13 to that Act (provision which may be made by procedure regulations) after paragraph 7 there shall be inserted—

7AProvision empowering the chairman of a social security appeal tribunal or a medical appeal tribunal to give directions for the disposal of any purported appeal which he is satisfied that the tribunal does not have jurisdiction to entertain.

Review of decisions

11(1)In section 104 of that Act (review of decisions) in subsection (1) after paragraph (b) there shall be inserted—

(bb)it is anticipated that a relevant change of circumstances will so occur; or.

(2)After that subsection there shall be inserted—

(1ZA)Where a decision is reviewed on the ground mentioned in subsection (1)(bb) above, the decision given on the review—

(a)shall take effect on the day prescribed for that purpose by reference to the date on which the relevant change of circumstances is expected to occur; and

(b)shall be reviewed again if the relevant change of circumstances either does not occur or occurs otherwise than on that date.

(3)In subsection (5) of that section (regulations) in paragraph (a) after the words “subsection (1)(b)” there shall be inserted the words “and (bb)”.

(4)At the end of paragraph (b) of that subsection there shall be added the words “(whether that period falls wholly or partly before or after the making of the regulations)”.

Disablement benefit etc.

12(1)In section 108 of that Act (disablement questions) at the end of subsection (1) there shall be added the words “(and accordingly fall to be determined by an adjudication officer).”

(2)For subsection (4A) of that section there shall be substituted—

(4A)Where, in the case of a claimant for disablement benefit, the extent of any disablement of his resulting from an aggregable accident (that is to say, an accident other than the one which is the basis of the claim in question) has been assessed in accordance with paragraph 4(2) of Schedule 8 to this Act at less than 14 per cent., then—

(a)the adjudication officer may refer the disablement questions relating to the aggregable accident to one or more adjudicating medical practitioners for fresh determination; and

(b)on any such reference—

(i)those questions shall be determined as at the first day of the common period; and

(ii)the period to be taken into account shall be the period beginning with that day.

(4B)In subsection (4A) above “the first day of the common period” means whichever is the later of—

(a)the first day of the period taken into account by the assessment of the extent of the claimant’s disablement resulting from the accident which is the basis of the claim in question;

(b)the first day of the period taken into account by the assessment of the extent of his disablement resulting from the aggregable accident.

13(1)In Schedule 8 to that Act (assessment of extent of disablement) for paragraph 4(2) there shall be substituted—

(2)Where the assessed extent of a claimant’s disablement amounts to less than 14 per cent., then, subject to sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) below, that assessment shall be a final assessment and the period to be taken into account by it shall not end before the earliest date on which it seems likely that the extent of the disablement will be less than 1 per cent.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) above does not apply in any case where it seems likely that—

(a)the assessed extent of the disablement will be aggregated with the assessed extent of any present disablement, and

(b)that aggregate will amount to 14 per cent. or more.

(4)Where the extent of the claimant’s disablement is assessed at different percentages for different parts of the period taken into account by the assessment, then—

(a)sub-paragraph (2) above does not apply in relation to the assessment unless the percentage assessed for the latest part of that period is less than 14 per cent., and

(b)in any such case that sub-paragraph shall apply only in relation to that part of that period (and subject to sub-paragraph (3) above).

(2)In paragraph 5 of that Schedule, in paragraph (a) of the proviso (degree of particularity in assessment of extent and period of disablement)—

(a)for the words “section 57” there shall be substituted the words “sections 57 and 59A”; and

(b)at the end there shall be added the words “and reduced earnings allowance (whether or not a claim has been made)”.

Recovery of overpayments

14(1)In section 53 of the 1986 Act (overpayments) after subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A)Where any such determination as is referred to in subsection (1) above is made on an appeal or review, there shall also be determined in the course of the appeal or review the question whether any, and if so what, amount is recoverable under that subsection by the Secretary of State.

(2)In subsection (4) after the word “unless” there shall be inserted “(a)” and at the end there shall be added the words and

(b)it has been determined on the appeal or review that the amount is so recoverable.

Miscellaneous

15In section 103 of the principal Act (reference of special questions) in subsection (2) after the word “making” there shall be inserted the words “or directing”.

16In section 167 of that Act (Parliamentary control of regulations and orders) there shall be added at the end—

(4)All regulations made under this Act by the Lord Chancellor shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

17In Schedule 10 to that Act (supplementary provision as to social security appeal tribunals etc) paragraphs 1(7) and 2(2) (which require, so far as practicable, tribunal panel members and chairmen to serve in turn) shall cease to have effect.

18In paragraph 2(5) of Schedule 12 to that Act (chairmen of medical appeal tribunal to be barrister, advocate or solicitor of at least 7 years standing) for the words “7 years”' there shall be substituted the words “5 years”'.

19In Schedule 20 to that Act (glossary of expressions) the definition of “local office” shall be omitted.

Section 22.

SCHEDULE 4Recovery of Sums Equivalent to Benefit from Compensation Payments in respect of Accidents etc: Supplementary Provision

Part IInterpretation

1(1)In this Schedule—

  • “the recoupment provisions” means the provisions of section 22 of this Act and this Schedule;

  • “the relevant deduction” means the deduction required to be made from the compensation payment in question by virtue of the recoupment provisions;

  • “the relevant payment” means the payment required to be made to the Secretary of State by virtue of the recoupment provisions;

  • “the total benefit” means the gross amount referred to in section 22(1)(a) of this Act.

(2)If, after making the relevant deduction from the compensation payment, there would be no balance remaining for payment to the intended recipient, any reference in this Schedule to the making of the compensation payment shall be construed in accordance with regulations.

(3)Expressions used in this Schedule and in section 22 of this Act have the same meaning in this Schedule as they have in that section.

Part IIPayments, Deductions and Certificates

Time for making payment to Secretary of State

2The compensator’s liability to make the relevant payment arises immediately before the making of the compensation payment, and he shall make the relevant payment before the end of the period of 14 days following the day on which the liability arises.

The certificate of total benefit

3(1)It shall be for the compensator to apply to the Secretary of State for the certificate of total benefit and he may, subject to sub-paragraph (5) below, from time to time apply for fresh certificates.

(2)The certificate of total benefit shall specify—

(a)the amount which has been, or is likely to be, paid on or before a specified date by way of any relevant benefit which is capable of forming part of the total benefit;

(b)where applicable—

(i)the rate of any relevant benefit which is, has been, or is likely to be paid after the date so specified and which would be capable of forming part of the total benefit; and

(ii)the intervals at which any such benefit is paid and the period for which it is likely to be paid;

(c)the amounts (if any) which, by virtue of the recoupment provisions, are to be treated as increasing the total benefit; and

(d)the aggregate amount of any relevant payments made on or before a specified date (reduced by so much of that amount as has been paid by the Secretary of State to the intended recipient before that date in consequence of the recoupment provisions).

(3)On issuing a certificate of total benefit, the Secretary of State shall be taken to have certified the total benefit as at every date for which it is possible to calculate an amount that would, on the basis of the information so provided, be the total benefit as at that date, on the assumption that payments of benefit are made on the days on which they first become payable.

(4)The Secretary of State may estimate, in such manner as he thinks fit, any of the amounts, rates or periods specified in the certificate of total benefit.

(5)A certificate of total benefit shall remain in force until such date as may be specified in the certificate for that purpose and no application for a fresh certificate shall be made before that date.

(6)Where a certificate ceases to be in force, the Secretary of State may issue a fresh certificate, whether or not an application has been made to him for such a certificate.

(7)The compensator shall not make the compensation payment at any time when there is no certificate of total benefit in force in respect of the victim, unless his liability to make the relevant deduction and the relevant payment has ceased to be enforceable by virtue of paragraph 15 below.

Exemption from deduction in cases involving small payments

4(1)Regulations may make provision exempting persons from liability to make the relevant deduction or the relevant payment in prescribed cases where the amount of the compensation payment in question, or the aggregate amount of two or more connected compensation payments, does not exceed the prescribed sum.

(2)Regulations may make provision for cases where an amount has been deducted and paid to the Secretary of State which, by virtue of regulations under sub-paragraph (1) above, ought not to have been so deducted and paid, and any such regulations may, in particular, provide for him to pay that amount to the intended recipient or the compensator or to pay a prescribed part of it to each of them.

(3)The reference in section 22(4)(a) of this Act to a “small payment” is a reference to a payment from which by virtue of this paragraph no relevant deduction falls to be made.

(4)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)two or more compensation payments are “connected” if each is made to or in respect of the same victim and in respect of the same accident, injury or disease; and

(b)any reference to a compensation payment is a reference to a payment which would be such a payment apart from section 22(4)(a) of this Act.

Multiple compensation payments

5

(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)a compensation payment has been made (an “earlier payment”) to or in respect of the victim; and

(b)subsequently another such payment (a “later payment”) falls to be made to or in respect of the same victim in respect of the same accident, injury or disease (whether by the same or another compensator).

(2)In determining the amount of the relevant deduction and payment required to be made in connection with the later payment, the amount referred to in section 22(1)(a) of this Act shall be reduced by the amount of any relevant payment made in connection with the earlier payment, or, if more than one, the aggregate of those relevant payments.

(3)In relation to the later payment, the compensator shall take the amount of the reduction required by sub-paragraph (2) above to be such as may be specified under paragraph 3(2)(d) above in the certificate of total benefit issued to him in connection with that later payment.

(4)In any case where—

(a)the relevant payment made in connection with an earlier payment is not reflected in the certificate of total benefit in force in relation to a later payment, and

(b)in consequence, the aggregate of the relevant payments made in relation to the later payment and every earlier payment exceeds what it would have been had that relevant payment been so reflected,

the Secretary of State shall pay the intended recipient an amount equal to the excess.

(5)In determining any rights and liabilities in respect of contribution or indemnity, relevant payments shall be treated as damages paid to or for the intended recipient in respect of the accident, injury or disease in question.

Collaboration between compensators

6(1)This paragraph applies where compensation payments in respect of the same accident, injury or disease fall (or apart from the recoupment provisions would fall) to be made to or in respect of the same victim by two or more compensators.

(2)Where this paragraph applies, any two or more of those compensators may give the Secretary of State notice that they are collaborators in respect of compensation payments in respect of that victim and that accident, injury or disease.

(3)Where such a notice is given and any of the collaborators makes a relevant payment in connection with such a compensation payment, each of the other collaborators shall be treated as if the aggregate amount of relevant payments specified in his certificate of total benefit, as in force at the time of that relevant payment, or in a fresh certificate which does not purport to reflect the payment, were increased by the amount of that payment.

Structured settlements

7(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)in final settlement of a person’s claim, an agreement is entered into—

(i)for the making of periodical payments (whether of an income or capital nature) to or in respect of the victim; or

(ii)for the making of such payments and one or more lump sum payments; and

(b)apart from this paragraph, those payments would fall to be regarded for the purposes of the recoupment provisions as compensation payments.

(2)Where this paragraph applies, the recoupment provisions (other than this paragraph) shall have effect on the following assumptions, that is to say—

(a)the relevant period in the case of the compensator in question shall be taken to end (if it has not previously done so) on the day of settlement;

(b)the compensator in question shall be taken—

(i)to have been liable to make on that day a single compensation payment of the amount referred to in section 22(1)(a) of this Act (reduced or increased in accordance with such of the recoupment provisions as would have applied in the case of a payment on that day); and

(ii)to have made from that single payment a relevant deduction of an amount equal to it; and

(c)the payments under the agreement referred to in sub-paragraph (1) above shall be taken to be exempt payments.

(3)The intended recipient shall not by virtue of anything in this paragraph become entitled to be paid any sum, whether by the compensator or the Secretary of State, and if on a review or appeal under paragraph 16 or 18 below it appears that the amount paid by a compensator in pursuance of this paragraph was either greater or less than it ought to have been, then—

(a)any excess shall be repaid to the compensator instead of to the intended recipient; but

(b)any deficiency shall be paid to the Secretary of State by the intended recipient.

(4)Where any further compensation payment falls to be made to or in respect of the victim otherwise than under the agreement in question, sub-paragraph (2)(a) above shall be disregarded for the purpose of determining the end of the relevant period in relation to that further payment.

(5)In any case where—

(a)the person making the periodical payments (the “secondary party”) does so in pursuance of arrangements entered into with another (as in a case where an insurance company purchases an annuity for the victim from another such company), and

(b)apart from those arrangements, that other (“the primary party”) would have been regarded as the compensator,

then for the purposes of the recoupment provisions, the primary party shall be regarded as the compensator and the secondary party shall not be so regarded.

(6)In determining for the purposes of this paragraph whether any periodical payments would fall to be regarded as compensation payments, section 22(4)(a) of this Act shall be disregarded.

(7)In this paragraph “the day of settlement” means—

(a)if the agreement referred to in sub-paragraph (1) above is approved by a court, the day on which that approval is given; and

(b)in any other case, the day on which that agreement is entered into.

Insolvency

8(1)Where the intended recipient is subject to a bankruptcy order, nothing in the Act 1986 shall affect the operation of the recoupment provisions.

(2)Where the estate of the intended recipient is sequestrated, the relevant deduction from the compensation payment shall not form part of the whole estate of the debtor, within the meaning of section 31(8) of the [1985 c. 66.] Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985.

Protection of legal aid charges

9(1)In any case where—

(a)the compensation payment is subject to any charge under the [1974 c. 4.] Legal Aid Act 1974 or the [1988 c. 34.] Legal Aid Act 1988, and

(b)after the making of the relevant deduction, the balance of the compensation payment is insufficient to satisfy that charge,

the Secretary of State shall make such a payment as will secure that the deficiency is made good to the extent of the relevant payment.

(2)Where the Secretary of State makes a payment under this paragraph, then, for the purposes of paragraph 3 above, the amount of the payment shall be treated as increasing the total benefit.

(3)In the application of this paragraph to Scotland, references in sub-paragraph (1) to a charge under the Acts specified shall be construed as references to any provisions of the [1986 c. 47.] Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986 for the repayment to the Scottish Legal Aid Fund of sums paid by it on behalf of the intended recipient in respect of the proceedings in which the compensation payment is made.

Overpaid benefits

10In any case where—

(a)during the relevant period, there has, in respect of the accident, injury or disease, been paid to or for the victim any relevant benefit to which he was not entitled (“the overpaid benefit”), and

(b)the amount of the relevant payment is such that, after taking account of the rest of the total benefit, there remains an amount which represents the whole or any part of the overpaid benefit,

then, notwithstanding anything in section 53 of the 1986 Act or any regulations under that section, the receipt by the Secretary of State of the relevant payment shall be treated as the recovery of the whole or, as the case may be, that part of the overpaid benefit.

Death

11In the case of any compensation payment the whole or part of which is made—

(a)in consequence of an action under the [1976 c. 30.] Fatal Accidents Act 1976, or

(b)in circumstances where, had an action been brought, it would have been brought under that Act, or

(c)in respect of a liability arising by virtue of section 1 of the [1976 c. 13.] Damages (Scotland) Act 1976,

regulations may make provision for estimating or calculating the portion of the payment which is to be regarded as so made for the purposes of section 22(4)(c) or (d) of this Act.

Payments into court

12(1)Nothing in the recoupment provisions requires a court to make any relevant deduction or payment in connection with money in court.

(2)Where a party to an action makes a payment into court which, had it been paid directly to the other party, would have constituted a compensation payment, the making of that payment shall be regarded for the purposes of the recoupment provisions as the making of a compensation payment, but the compensator—

(a)may either—

(i)withhold from such a payment into court an amount equal to the relevant deduction; or

(ii)make such a payment into court before the certificate of total benefit has been issued to him; and

(b)shall not become liable to make the relevant payment, or to furnish a certificate of deduction, until he has been notified that the payment into court has been paid out of court to or for the other party.

(3)Where a person making a payment into court withholds an amount in accordance with sub-paragraph (2)(a)(i) above—

(a)he shall, at the time when he makes that payment, furnish the court with a certificate of the amount so withheld; and

(b)the amount paid into court shall be regarded as increased by the amount so certified;

but no person shall be entitled by virtue of this sub-paragraph to the payment out of court of any amount which has not in fact been paid into court.

(4)Where a payment into court is made as mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(a)(ii) above, the compensator—

(a)shall apply for the certificate of total benefit no later than the day on which the payment into court is made; and

(b)shall become liable to make the relevant payment as mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(b) above, notwithstanding that the relevant deduction has not been made.

(5)Where any such payment into court as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) above is paid out of court to or for the other party to the action within the initial period, then, as respects the compensator in question, the relevant period shall be taken to have ended on the day on which the payment into court was made.

(6)In sub-paragraph (5) above “the initial period” means the period of 21 days following the making of the payment into court, but rules of court may make provision varying the length of that period.

(7)Rules of court may make provision regulating or prescribing the practice and procedure to be followed in relation to such payments into court as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) above.

(8)This paragraph does not extend to Scotland.

Part IIIAdministration and Adjudication

Provision of information

13(1)Any person who is, or is alleged to be, liable in respect of an accident, injury or disease, or any person acting on his behalf, shall furnish the Secretary of State with the prescribed information relating to any person seeking compensation, or in respect of whom compensation is sought, in respect of that accident, injury or disease.

(2)Any person who claims a relevant benefit or who has been in receipt of such a benefit or, if he has died, the personal representatives of such a person, shall furnish the Secretary of State with the prescribed information relating to any accident, injury or disease suffered by that person.

(3)Any person—

(a)who is the employer of a person who suffers or has suffered an accident, injury or disease, or

(b)who has been the employer of such a person at any time during the relevant period,

shall furnish the Secretary of State with the prescribed information relating to the payment of statutory sick pay in respect of that person.

(4)In sub-paragraph (3) above “employer” has the same meaning as it has in Part I of the 1982 Act.

(5)Any person furnishing information under this paragraph shall do so in the prescribed manner, at the prescribed place and within the prescribed time.

Applications for certificates of total benefit

14(1)If at any time before he makes the compensation payment in question the compensator applies to the Secretary of State in accordance with paragraph 3 above for a certificate of total benefit relating to the victim in question—

(a)the Secretary of State shall furnish him with such a certificate before the end of the period of 4 weeks, or such other number of weeks as may be prescribed, following the day on which the application is, or is deemed in accordance with regulations to be, received; and

(b)any certificate so furnished shall, in particular, specify for the purposes of paragraph 3(2)(a) above a date not earlier than the date of the application.

(2)Where the Secretary of State furnishes any person with a certificate of total benefit, he shall also provide the information contained in that certificate to the person who appears to him to be the victim in relation to the compensation payment in question.

(3)The victim may apply to the Secretary of State for particulars of the manner in which any amount, rate or period specified in a certificate of total benefit has been determined.

Liability of compensator unenforceable if certificate not issued within time limit

15(1)The liability of the compensator to make the relevant deduction and payment relating to the first compensation payment after the default date shall not be enforceable if—

(a)he has made a request under paragraph 14(1) above which—

(i)accurately states the prescribed particulars relating to the victim and the accident, injury or disease in question; and

(ii)specifies the name and address of the person to whom the certificate is to be sent;

(b)he has in his possession a written acknowledgment, sent to him in accordance with regulations, of the receipt of the request; and

(c)the Secretary of State does not, within the time limit referred to in paragraph 14(1) above, send the certificate to the person specified in the request as the person to whom the certificate is to be sent, at the address so specified;

and accordingly, where those liabilities cease to be enforceable, nothing in the recoupment provisions shall prevent the compensator from making that compensation payment.

(2)In any case where—

(a)the liability to make the relevant deduction and payment becomes unenforceable by virtue of this paragraph, but

(b)the compensator nevertheless makes that deduction and payment,

he shall be treated for all purposes as if the liability had remained enforceable.

(3)Where the compensator, in reliance on this paragraph, does not make the relevant deduction and payment, then—

(a)he shall within fourteen days of the default date give the Secretary of State notice of that fact together with such other particulars as may be prescribed; and

(b)in determining the amount of the relevant deduction and payment to be made in connection with any subsequent compensation payment made by the same or any other compensator, the amount which, apart from this paragraph, would have fallen to be deducted and paid by him shall continue to form part of the total benefit and shall not be treated as if it had been paid.

(4)If, in the opinion of the Secretary of State, circumstances have arisen which adversely affect normal methods of communication—

(a)he may by order provide that no liability shall become unenforceable by virtue of this paragraph during a specified period not exceeding three months; and

(b)he may continue any such order in force for further periods not exceeding three months at a time.

(5)In this paragraph “the default date” means the date on which the time limit mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(c) above expires.

Review of certificates of total benefit

16(1)The Secretary of State may review any certificate of total benefit if he is satisfied that it was issued in ignorance of, or was based on a mistake as to, some material fact or that a mistake (whether in computation or otherwise) has occurred in its preparation.

(2)On any such review the Secretary of State may either—

(a)confirm the certificate, or

(b)issue a fresh certificate containing such variations as he considers appropriate,

but he shall not so vary the certificate as to increase the total benefit.

(3)In any case where—

(a)one or more relevant payments have been made, and

(b)in consequence of a review under this paragraph, it appears that the aggregate amount so paid exceeds the amount that ought to have been paid,

the Secretary of State shall pay the intended recipient an amount equal to the excess.

Appeals

17(1)An appeal shall lie in accordance with this paragraph against any certificate of total benefit at the instance of the compensator, the victim or the intended recipient, on the ground—

(a)that any amount, rate or period specified in the certificate is incorrect, or

(b)that benefit paid or payable otherwise than in consequence of the accident, injury or disease in question has been brought into account.

(2)No appeal shall be brought under this paragraph until—

(a)the claim giving rise to the compensation payment has been finally disposed of; and

(b)the relevant payment, or where more than one such payment may fall to be made, the final relevant payment, has been made.

(3)Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (2) above, where—

(a)an award of provisional damages has been made under section 32A of the [1981 c. 54.] Supreme Court Act 1981 or section 12 of the [1982 c. 53.] Administration of Justice Act 1982, and

(b)the relevant payment or, where more than one such payment falls to be made, the final relevant payment in relation to the provisional damages so awarded has been made,

an appeal may be brought under this paragraph against any certificate of total benefit by reference to which the amount of that relevant payment, or any of those relevant payments, was made.

(4)Regulations may—

(a)make provision as to the manner in which, and the time within which, appeals under this paragraph are to be brought, and

(b)make provision for the purpose of enabling any such appeal to be treated as an application for review under paragraph 16 above,

and regulations under paragraph (b) above may, in particular, provide that the circumstances in which such a review may be carried out shall not be restricted to those specified in paragraph 16 above.

(5)If any of the medical questions arises for determination on an appeal under this paragraph, the Secretary of State shall refer that question to a medical appeal tribunal, whose determination shall be binding, for the purposes of the appeal, on any social security appeal tribunal to whom a question is referred under sub-paragraph (7) below.

(6)A medical appeal tribunal, in determining any of the medical questions, shall take into account any decision of any court relating to the same, or any similar, issue arising in connection with the accident, injury or disease in question.

(7)If any question concerning any amount, rate or period specified in the certificate of total benefit arises for determination on an appeal under this paragraph, the Secretary of State shall refer that question to a social security appeal tribunal, but where any medical questions arising on the appeal have been referred to a medical appeal tribunal—

(a)he shall not refer any question to the social security appeal tribunal until he has received the determination of the medical appeal tribunal on the questions referred to them; and

(b)he shall notify the social security appeal tribunal of the determinations of the medical appeal tribunal.

(8)On a reference under sub-paragraph (7) above a social security appeal tribunal may either—

(a)confirm the amounts, rates and periods specified in the certificate of total benefit; or

(b)specify any increases, reductions or other variations which are to be made on the issue of the fresh certificate under sub-paragraph (9) below.

(9)When the Secretary of State has received the determinations of the tribunals on the questions referred to them under sub-paragraphs (5) and (7) above, he shall in accordance with those determinations either—

(a)confirm the certificate against which the appeal was brought, or

(b)issue a fresh certificate.

(10)Regulations may make provision with respect to the procedure for the reference under this paragraph of questions to medical appeal tribunals or social security appeal tribunals.

(11)An appeal shall lie to a Commissioner at the instance of the compensator, the victim or the intended recipient from a decision of a medical appeal tribunal or a social security appeal tribunal under this paragraph on the ground that the decision was erroneous in point of law; and for the purposes of appeals under this sub-paragraph—

(a)section 101(5), (5A) and (5B) of the principal Act shall apply in relation to an appeal from the decision of a social security appeal tribunal; and

(b)section 112(3) of that Act shall apply in relation to an appeal from the decision of a medical appeal tribunal.

(12)In this paragraph “the medical questions” means—

(a)any question whether, as the result of a particular occurrence, a person suffered an injury, sickness or disease;

(b)any question as to the period for which a person suffered any injury, sickness or disease.

Recovery in consequence of an appeal

18(1)Where it appears, in consequence of an appeal under paragraph 17 above, that the aggregate amount of the relevant payment or payments actually made exceeds the amount that ought to have been paid, the Secretary of State shall pay the intended recipient an amount equal to that excess.

(2)Where it appears, in consequence of such an appeal, that the aggregate amount of the relevant payment or payments actually made is less than the amount that ought to have been paid, the intended recipient shall pay the Secretary of State an amount equal to the deficiency.

(3)Without prejudice to any other method of enforcement, an amount payable under sub-paragraph (2) above may be recovered by deduction from any benefits which are prescribed benefits for the purposes of section 53 of the 1986 Act (recovery of overpayments).

Recovery of relevant payment in cases of default

19(1)This paragraph applies in any case where the compensator has made a compensation payment but—

(a)has not requested a certificate of total benefit in respect of the victim, or

(b)if he has done so, has not made the relevant payment within the time limit imposed by paragraph 2 above.

(2)Where this paragraph applies, the Secretary of State may—

(a)if no certificate of total benefit has been issued to the compensator, issue to him such a certificate and a demand for the relevant payment to be made forthwith, or

(b)if a certificate of total benefit has been issued to the compensator, issue to him a copy of that certificate and such a demand,

and that relevant payment shall, to the extent that it does not exceed the amount of the compensation payment, be recoverable by the Secretary of State from the compensator.

(3)Any amount recoverable under this paragraph shall—

(a)if the compensator resides or carries on business in England and Wales and a county court so orders, be recoverable by execution issued from the county court or otherwise as if it were payable under an order of that court; or

(b)if the compensator resides or carries on business in Scotland, be enforced in like manner as an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution issued by the sheriff court of any sheriffdom in Scotland.

(4)A document bearing a certificate which—

(a)is signed by a person authorised in that behalf by the Secretary of State, and

(b)states that the document, apart from the certificate, is a record of the amount recoverable under this paragraph,

shall be conclusive evidence that that amount is so recoverable; and a certificate purporting to be signed as aforesaid shall be deemed to be so signed unless the contrary is proved.

(5)Where this paragraph applies in relation to two or more connected compensators, the Secretary of State may proceed against them as if they were jointly and severally liable for an amount equal to the difference between—

(a)the total benefit determined in accordance with the latest connected certificate of total benefit issued to any of them, and

(b)the aggregate amount of any connected relevant payments previously made.

(6)Nothing in sub-paragraph (5) above authorises the recovery from any person of an amount in excess of the compensation payment by virtue of which this paragraph applies to him (or, if there are two or more such payments which are connected, the aggregate amount of those payments).

(7)In sub-paragraphs (5) and (6) above, “connected” means relating to the same victim and the same accident, injury or disease.

Inspection

20(1)Section 58 of the 1986 Act (inspection) shall be amended in accordance with the following provisions of this paragraph.

(2)In subsection (2) (powers of inspector to enter, examine and enquire), for sub-paragraph (ii) of paragraph (b) there shall be substituted—

(ii)for investigating the circumstances in which any accident, injury or disease which has given or may give rise to a claim for industrial injuries benefit, or for any benefit which is a relevant benefit for the purposes of the recoupment provisions, occurred or may have occurred, or was or may have been received or contracted;.

(3)In paragraph (c) of that subsection, after sub-paragraph (ii) there shall be inserted—

(iii)a compensation payment or a relevant payment, within the meaning of the recoupment provisions;.

(4)In subsection (3) (premises which are liable to inspection) after paragraph (c) there shall be inserted—

(d)any person—

(i)who is the compensator, within the meaning of the recoupment provisions, in relation to any such accident, injury or disease as is referred to in subsection (2)(b)(ii) above, or

(ii)on whose behalf any such compensator has or may have made, or may make, a compensation payment, within the meaning of those provisions,

carries on business or is to be found;.

(5)In subsection (6) (persons to furnish information required for ascertaining whether certain sums are or have been paid or payable) in paragraph (a), after sub-paragraph (ii), there shall be inserted—

(iii)any compensation payment or relevant payment, within the meaning of the recoupment provisions;.

(6)In subsection (7) (persons who are under a duty to provide information) at the end of paragraph (e) there shall be added the words “or to make any compensation payment or relevant payment, within the meaning of the recoupment provisions”.

(7)After subsection (9) there shall be added—

(10)In this section “the recoupment provisions” means section 22 of, and Schedule 4 to, the Social Security Act 1989 (recovery from damages etc of sums equivalent to benefit paid).

Part IVMiscellaneous

Foreign compensators: duties of intended recipient

21(1)Where, immediately before the making of the compensation payment, the compensator is not resident and does not have a place of business in Great Britain, any deduction, payment or other thing which would, apart from this paragraph, fall to be made or done under the recoupment provisions by the compensator shall instead be made or done by the intended recipient and references to the compensator shall be construed accordingly.

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations make such provision as he considers expedient for the purpose of modifying the recoupment provisions in their application in such a case.

Modification of Law Reform (Personal Injuries) Act 1948

22(1)In section 2 of the [1948 c. 41.] Law Reform (Personal Injuries) Act 1948, in subsection (1) (which requires that, in assessing damages, half of certain benefits shall be brought into account against loss of profits or earnings)—

(a)after the word “contract),” there shall be inserted the words “where this section applies”;

(b)for the words from “against any loss” to “from the injuries” there shall be substituted the words “against them”; and

(c)for the words from “therefrom” onwards there shall be substituted the words from the injuries in respect of—

(a)any of the relevant benefits, within the meaning of section 22 of the Social Security Act 1989, or

(b)any corresponding benefits payable in Northern Ireland,

for the five years beginning with the time when the cause of action accrued.

(2)After that subsection there shall be inserted—

(1A)This section applies in any case where the amount of the damages that would have been awarded apart from any reduction under subsection (1) above is less than the sum for the time being prescribed under paragraph 4(1) of Schedule 4 to the Social Security Act 1989 (recoupment of benefit: exception for small payments).

(3)Subsection (2) of that section (disregard of increase for constant attendance) shall cease to have effect.

Modification of Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985

23In section 31 of the [1985 c. 66.] Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985 (vesting of debtor’s estate at date of sequestration) in subsection (8) after the words “subsection (9) below” there shall be inserted the words “and to paragraph 8(2) of Schedule 4 to the Social Security Act 1989.”

Section 23.

SCHEDULE 5Employment-related Schemes for Pensions or other Benefits: Equal Treatment for Men and Women

Part ICompliance by Schemes

Schemes to comply with the principle of equal treatment

1Every employment-related benefit scheme shall comply with the principle of equal treatment.

The principle

2(1)The principle of equal treatment is that persons of the one sex shall not, on the basis of sex, be treated less favourably than persons of the other sex in any respect relating to an employment-related benefit scheme.

(2)Sub-paragraphs (3) to (6) below have effect, where applicable, for the purpose of determining whether a scheme complies with the principle of equal treatment.

(3)Where any provision of the scheme imposes on both male and female members a requirement or condition—

(a)which is such that the proportion of persons of the one sex (“the sex affected”) who can comply with it is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons of the other sex who can do so, and

(b)which is not justifiable irrespective of the sex of the members,

the imposition of that requirement or condition shall be regarded as less favourable treatment of persons of the sex affected.

(4)No account shall be taken of—

(a)any difference, on the basis of the sex of members, in the levels of contributions—

(i)which members are required to make, to the extent that the difference is justifiable on actuarial grounds, or

(ii)which the employer makes, to the extent that the difference is for the purpose of removing or limiting differences, as between men and women, in the amount or value of money purchase benefits;

(b)any difference, on the basis of sex, in the amount or value of money purchase benefits, to the extent that the difference is justifiable on actuarial grounds;

(c)any special treatment for the benefit of women in connection with pregnancy or childbirth;

(d)any permitted age-related differences;

(e)any difference of treatment in relation to benefits for a deceased member’s surviving husband, wife or other dependants;

(f)any difference of treatment in relation to any optional provisions available; or

(g)any provisions of a scheme to the extent that they have been specially arranged for the benefit of one particular member of the scheme;

but where the scheme includes any unfair maternity provisions, it shall to that extent be regarded as according less favourable treatment to women on the basis of sex.

(5)Where the scheme treats persons of the one sex differently according to their marital or family status, that treatment is to be compared with the scheme’s treatment of persons of the other sex who have the same status.

(6)The principle of equal treatment applies in relation to members' dependants as it applies in relation to members.

(7)If any question arises whether a condition or requirement falling within sub-paragraph (3)(a) above is or is not justifiable irrespective of the sex of the members, it shall be for those who assert that it is so justifiable to prove that fact.

(8)In this paragraph—

  • “money purchase benefits” has the meaning given by section 84(1) of the 1986 Act, but with the substitution for references to a personal or occupational pension scheme of references to an employment-related benefit scheme;

  • “optional provisions available” means those provisions of a scheme—

    (a)

    which apply only in the case of members who elect for them to do so; and

    (b)

    whose purpose is to secure for those members—

    (i)

    benefits in addition to those otherwise provided under the scheme; or

    (ii)

    a choice with respect to the date on which benefits under the scheme are to commence; or

    (iii)

    a choice between any two or more benefits;

  • “permitted age-related difference” means any difference, on the basis of sex, in the age—

    (a)

    at which a service-related benefit in respect of old age or retirement commences; or

    (b)

    at which, in consequence of the commencement of such a benefit, any other service-related benefit either ceases to be payable or becomes payable at a reduced rate calculated by reference to the amount of the benefit so commencing.

(9)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)any reference to a person’s family status is a reference to his having an unmarried partner or any dependants; and

(b)a person “has an unmarried partner” if that person and some other person to whom he is not married live together as husband and wife.

Non-compliance: compulsory levelling up

3(1)To the extent that any provision of an employment-related benefit scheme does not comply with the principle of equal treatment, it shall be overridden by this Schedule and the more favourable treatment accorded to persons of the one sex shall also be accorded to persons of the other sex.

(2)Where more favourable treatment is accorded to any persons by virtue of sub-paragraph (1) above, that sub-paragraph requires them, in accordance with the principle of equal treatment—

(a)to pay contributions at a level appropriate to the treatment so accorded; and

(b)to bear any other burden which is an incident of that treatment;

but persons of either sex may instead elect to receive the less favourable treatment and, in accordance with the principle of equal treatment, pay contributions at the level appropriate to that treatment and bear the other burdens incidental to it.

(3)Where any provision of a scheme is overridden by sub-paragraph (1) above, nothing in this Schedule shall affect any rights accrued or obligations incurred during the period before the date on which that provision is so overridden.

(4)Sub-paragraph (1) above is without prejudice to the exercise, in compliance with the principle of equal treatment, of any power to amend the scheme.

Modification of schemes by the Occupational Pensions Board

4(1)On an application made to them in respect of an employment-related benefit scheme, other than a public service scheme, by persons competent to make such an application, the Occupational Pensions Board (the “Board”) may make an order modifying, or authorising the modification of, the scheme, for the purpose—

(a)of making provision implementing the principle of equal treatment otherwise than as provided by sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 3 above; or

(b)of reflecting in the rules of the scheme any changes consequential upon the operation of that sub-paragraph.

(2)In relation to any employment-related benefit scheme, the persons competent to make an application to the Board under this paragraph are—

(a)the trustees or managers of the scheme;

(b)any person other than the trustees or managers who has power to alter the rules of the scheme;

(c)any person who is an employer of persons in service in an employment to which the scheme applies; and

(d)such other persons as regulations may specify, in relation to any category of schemes into which the scheme falls, as being proper persons to make an application for the purposes of this paragraph in respect of a scheme of that category.

(3)The Board shall not entertain an application for an order by them under this paragraph unless they are satisfied that the modification of the scheme in question—

(a)cannot be achieved otherwise than by means of such an order; or

(b)can only be achieved in accordance with a procedure which is liable to be unduly complex or protracted, or involves the obtaining of consents which cannot be obtained, or can only be obtained with undue delay or difficulty.

(4)Subject to sub-paragraph (3) above, the Board may on an application under this paragraph make (with the consent of the applicants) an order under sub-paragraph (1) above and may exercise their powers under this paragraph from time to time; and the extent of their powers under this paragraph is not limited, in relation to any purposes for which they are exercisable, to the minimum necessary to achieve those purposes.

(5)An order of the Board under sub-paragraph (1) above authorising the modification of a scheme shall be framed so as to confer the power of modification on such persons as the Board think proper (including persons who were not parties to the application made to the Board) and shall include such directions as the Board think appropriate indicating the modifications which they consider to be desirable.

Unfair maternity provisions

5(1)In this Schedule “unfair maternity provisions”, in relation to an employment-related benefit scheme, means any provision—

(a)which relates to continuing membership of, or the accrual of rights under, the scheme during any period of paid maternity absence in the case of any woman who is (or who, immediately before the commencement of such a period, was) an employed earner and which treats such a woman otherwise than in accordance with the normal employment requirement; or

(b)which requires the amount of any benefit payable under the scheme to or in respect of any such woman, to the extent that it falls to be determined by reference to her earnings during a period which included a period of paid maternity absence, to be determined otherwise than in accordance with the normal employment requirement.

(2)In the case of any unfair maternity provision—

(a)the more favourable treatment required by paragraph 3(1) above is treatment no less favourable than would be accorded to the women in accordance with the normal employment requirement;

(b)paragraph 3(2) above does not authorise the making of any such election as is there mentioned; and

(c)paragraph 4(1)(a) above does not authorise the making of any modification which does not satisfy the requirements of paragraph (a) above;

but, in respect of a period of paid maternity absence, a woman shall only be required to pay contributions on the amount of contractual remuneration or statutory maternity pay actually paid to or for her in respect of that period.

(3)In this paragraph—

(a)“period of paid maternity absence” means any period—

(i)throughout which a woman is absent from work due to pregnancy or confinement; and

(ii)for which her employer (or, if she is no longer in his employment, her former employer) pays her any contractual remuneration or statutory maternity pay;

(b)“the normal employment requirement” is the requirement that any period of paid maternity absence shall be treated as if it were a period throughout which the woman in question works normally and receives the remuneration likely to be paid for doing so.

Unfair family leave provisions

6(1)Where an employment-related benefit scheme includes any unfair family leave provisions (irrespective of any differences on the basis of sex in the treatment accorded to members under those provisions), then—

(a)the scheme shall be regarded to that extent as not complying with the principle of equal treatment; and

(b)subject to sub-paragraph (3) below, this Schedule shall apply accordingly.

(2)In this Schedule “unfair family leave provisions” means any provision—

(a)which relates to continuing membership of, or the accrual of rights under, the scheme during any period of paid family leave in the case of any member who is an employed earner and which treats such a member otherwise than in accordance with the normal leave requirement; or

(b)which requires the amount of any benefit payable under the scheme to or in respect of any such member to the extent that it falls to be determined by reference to earnings during a period which included a period of paid family leave, to be determined otherwise than in accordance with the normal leave requirement.

(3)In the case of any unfair family leave provision—

(a)the more favourable treatment required by paragraph 3(1) above is treatment no less favourable than would be accorded to the members in accordance with the normal leave requirement;

(b)paragraph 3(2) above does not authorise the making of any such election as is there mentioned; and

(c)paragraph 4(1)(a) above does not authorise the making of any modification which does not satisfy the requirements of paragraph (a) above;

but, in respect of a period of paid family leave, a member shall only be required to pay contributions on the amount of contractual remuneration actually paid to or for him in respect of that period.

(4)In this paragraph—

(a)“period of paid family leave” means any period—

(i)throughout which a member is absent from work for family reasons; and

(ii)for which the employer pays him any contractual remuneration;

(b)“the normal leave requirement” is the requirement that any period of paid family leave shall be treated as if it were a period throughout which the member in question works normally but only receives the remuneration in fact paid to him for that period.

Meaning of “employment-related benefit scheme” etc.

7In this Schedule—

(a)“employment-related benefit scheme” means any scheme or arrangement which is comprised in one or more instruments or agreements and which has, or is capable of having, effect in relation to one or more descriptions or categories of employments so as to provide service-related benefits to or in respect of employed or self-employed earners—

(i)who have qualifying service in an employment of any such description or category, or

(ii)who have made arrangements with the trustees or managers of the scheme to enable them to become members of the scheme,

but does not include a limited scheme;

(b)“limited scheme” means—

(i)any personal scheme for employed earners to which the employer does not contribute;

(ii)any scheme which has only one member, other than a personal scheme for an employed earner to which his employer contributes;

(iii)any contract of insurance which is made for the benefit of employed earners only and to which the employer is not a party;

(c)“personal scheme” means any scheme or arrangement which falls within paragraph (a) above by virtue of sub-paragraph (ii) of that paragraph (or which would so fall apart from paragraph (b) above);

(d)“public service scheme” has the meaning given by section 51(3)(b) of the 1973 Act;

(e)“service-related benefits” means benefits, in the form of pensions or otherwise, payable in money or money’s worth in respect of—

(i)termination of service;

(ii)retirement, old age or death;

(iii)interruptions of service by reason of sickness or invalidity;

(iv)accidents, injuries or diseases connected with employment;

(v)unemployment; or

(vi)expenses incurred in connection with children or other dependants;

and includes, in the case of a member who is an employed earner, any other benefit so payable to or in respect of the member in consequence of his employment.

Extension of ban on compulsory membership

8Section 15(1) of the 1986 Act (which renders void any provision making membership of a pension scheme compulsory for an employed earner) shall apply in relation to a self-employed earner as it applies in relation to an employed earner, but with the substitution for references to a personal pension scheme of references to an employment-related benefit scheme which would be such a pension scheme if self-employed earners were regarded as employed earners.

Jurisdiction

9(1)The court, on the application of any person interested, shall have jurisdiction to determine any question arising as to—

(a)whether any provision of an employment-related benefit scheme does or does not comply with the principle of equal treatment; or

(b)whether, and with what effect, any such provision is overridden by paragraph 3 above.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) above “the court” means—

(a)in England and Wales, the High Court or a county court; and

(b)in Scotland, the Court of Session or the sheriff court.

(3)An application under sub-paragraph (1) above may be commenced in a county court notwithstanding—

(a)any financial limit otherwise imposed on the jurisdiction of such a court; or

(b)that the only relief claimed is a declaration or an injunction.

Interpretation

10Expressions other than “benefit” which are used in this Part of this Schedule and in the principal Act have the same meaning in this Part of this Schedule as they have in that Act.

Supplemental

11In consequence of the foregoing provisions of this Schedule—

(a)sections 53 to 56 of the Pensions Act (equal access to schemes for men and women), and

(b)section 64(3)(dd) of the 1973 Act (functions of the Occupational Pensions Board relating to equal access),

shall cease to have effect.

Future repeal of actuarial provisions

12The Secretary of State may by order repeal paragraph 2(4)(a)(i) above; and if and to the extent that he has not done so before 30th July 1999 it shall cease to have effect on that date.

Part IIAmendment of Enactments Relating to Employment

Equal Pay Act 1970 (c. 41)

13In section 6 of the Equal Pay Act 1970 (equality clauses and pensions etc) in subsection (1A)(a) for the words following “1975)” there shall be substituted the words “which is also an employment-related benefit scheme, within the meaning of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989, so far as those terms relate to any matter in respect of which the scheme has to comply with the principle of equal treatment in accordance with that Schedule; but”.

Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (c. 65)

14(1)In section 4(1) of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (victimisation of complainants etc)—

(a)in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) after the words “Equal Pay Act 1970” there shall be inserted the words “or Part I of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989”; and

(b)at the end of paragraph (d) there shall be added the words “or proceedings under Part I of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989”.

(2)In section 6 of that Act, in subsection (4) (disapplication of certain provisions in relation to death or retirement) for the words from “except” to “retirement, they” there shall be substituted the words except as provided in subsections (4A) and (4B) below.

(4A)Subsection (4) does not prevent the application of subsections (1)(b) and (2) to provision in relation to retirement in so far as those subsections.

(3)After subsection (4A) of that section there shall be inserted—

(4B)Subsection (4) does not prevent the application of subsections (1)(b) and (2) to provision in relation to death or retirement in so far as those subsections render it unlawful for a person to discriminate against a woman—

(a)in such of the terms on which he offers her employment as make provision in relation to the way in which he will afford her access to any benefits, facilities or services under an occupational pension scheme; or

(b)in the way he affords her access to any such benefits, facilities or services; or

(c)by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford her access to any such benefits, facilities or services; or

(d)by subjecting her to any detriment in connection with any such scheme;

but an act of discrimination is rendered unlawful by virtue of this subsection only to the extent that the act relates to a matter in respect of which an occupational pension scheme has to comply with the principle of equal treatment in accordance with Part I of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989.

(4C)In the application of subsection to discrimination against married persons of either sex, Part I of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989 shall be taken to apply to less favourable treatment of married persons on the basis of their marital status as it applies in relation to less favourable treatment of persons on the basis of sex, and references to persons of either sex shall be construed accordingly.

(4)At the end of that section there shall be added—

(8)In this section “occupational pension scheme” means an occupational pension scheme, within the meaning of the Social Security Pensions Act 1975, which is also an employment-related benefit scheme, within the meaning of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989.

Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978 (c. 44)

15In section 45 of the Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978 at the end of subsection (2) (rights on return to work after maternity absence) there shall be added the words “but subject to the requirements of paragraph 5 of Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989 (credit for the period of absence in certain cases).”

Section 24.

SCHEDULE 6Occupational and Personal Pensions

Social Security Act 1973 (c. 38)

1Section 51(7) of the 1973 Act (which provides for regulations freeing earners from liability to join pension schemes of certain kinds and which is superseded by section 15 of the 1986 Act) shall cease to have effect.

2(1)At the beginning of subsection (2) of section 58 of that Act (meaning of “linked qualifying service”) there shall be inserted the words “Subject to subsections (2A) and (2B) below” and after that subsection there shall be inserted—

(2A)Only so much of the earlier period as is a period of service in respect of which there accrued under the first scheme any of the rights transferred to the second scheme shall be linked qualifying service in relation to the later period of service.

(2B)As respects any case where the rules of a scheme provide—

(a)that an earner is not entitled to become a member unless he satisfies specified conditions, but

(b)that, if he becomes a member, rights are to accrue to him in respect of periods of service before he satisfied any such conditions,

regulations may provide for any such periods to be treated, in such cases and to such extent as may be prescribed, as linked qualifying service with later periods of service.

(2)In section 99(1) of that Act (interpretation) in the definition of “linked qualifying service” for the words “section 58(2)” there shall be substituted the words “section 58(2), (2A) and (2B)”.

3In section 64 of that Act (modification of occupational pension schemes by order of the Occupational Pensions Board) after subsection (10) there shall be inserted—

(10A)Regulations may provide that in prescribed circumstances subsection (7) above shall not apply or shall apply with prescribed modifications.

4In Schedule 16 to that Act (preservation of benefit under occupational schemes)—

(a)in paragraph 2, for the words “his wife or widow” there shall be substituted the words “the member’s wife or husband, widow or widower”;

(b)in paragraph 15(2) and (3)(a) for the words “member’s widow or a dependant of his” there shall be substituted the words “widow or widower or a dependant of the member”;

(c)in paragraphs 15(4) and 16(3)(b), for the word “widow” there shall be substituted the words “widow or widower”; and

(d)in paragraph 17(1), for the words “his widow or a dependant” there shall be substituted the words “a member’s widow or widower or dependant”.

Social Security Pensions Act 1975 (c. 60)

5In section 35 of the Pensions Act (earner’s guaranteed minimum) after subsection (2) there shall be inserted—

(2A)Where the amount of a person’s earnings for any period is relevant for any purpose of subsection (1) or (2) above and the Secretary of State is satisfied that records of those earnings have not been maintained or retained or are otherwise unobtainable, he may for that purpose—

(a)compute, in such manner as he thinks fit, an amount which shall be regarded as the amount of those earnings; or

(b)take their amount to be such sum as he may specify in the particular case.

6(1)In section 41A of that Act (protection of earners' pensions) in subsection (1C) (which defines the “relevant aggregate”) after paragraph (c) there shall be added the words and

(d)in the case of an earner whose later earnings level is higher than his termination earnings level, the later earnings addition.

(2)After subsection (2) there shall be inserted—

(2A)In this section “the later earnings addition” means an amount equal to the difference between the relevant sum and what that sum would have been had the benefits in question been calculated by reference to the earner’s later earnings level.

(2B)In this section—

  • “later earnings level” means the level of earnings by reference to which the benefits which constitute the relevant sum would have been calculated had the termination of employment date fallen on the cessation date;

  • “termination earnings level” means the level of earnings by reference to which those benefits would have been calculated had the cessation date fallen on the termination of employment date; and

  • “the cessation date” means the earlier of—

    (a)

    the date on which the earner ceased to be employed in relevant employment; and

    (b)

    the relevant date, within the meaning of subsection (1) above.

(3)In subsection (11) (definitions) for the words ““short service benefit” is” there shall be substituted the words ““relevant employment” and “short service benefit” are”.

7(1)In section 41B of that Act (protection of widows' pensions) in subsection (1A) (which defines the “relevant aggregate”) after paragraph (c) there shall be added the words and

(d)in a case where the earner’s later earnings level was higher than his termination earnings level, the later earnings addition.

(2)After subsection (3) there shall be inserted—

(3A)In this section “the later earnings addition” means an amount equal to the difference between the relevant sum and what that sum would have been had the pension in question been calculated by reference to the earner’s later earnings level.

(3B)In this section—

  • “later earnings level” means the level of earnings by reference to which the pension which constitutes the relevant sum would have been calculated had the termination of employment date fallen on the cessation date;

  • “termination earnings level” means the level of earnings by reference to which that pension would have been calculated had the cessation date fallen on the termination of employment date; and

  • “the cessation date” means the earlier of—

    (a)

    the date on which the earner ceased to be employed in relevant employment; and

    (b)

    the date which, in relation to the earner, was the relevant date within the meaning of section 41A(1) above.

(3)After subsection (5) of that section there shall be inserted—

(6)In this section “relevant employment” shall be construed in accordance with Schedule 16 to the [1973 c. 38.] Social Security Act 1973.

8(1)In section 41C of that Act (which, among other things, provides for sections 41A and 41B to override provisions of pension schemes) in subsection (3) (exceptions)—

(a)in paragraph (a)(ii) the words “or 39 above” shall be omitted; and

(b)after paragraph (c) there shall be added the words and

(d)any provision of a scheme to the extent that it deals with commutation of the whole or part of a pension.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) above shall be deemed to have come into force on 1st November 1986 (the date on which the repeal of section 39(2) and (3) of that Act took effect).

9(1)In section 43 of that Act (which relates to the premium on termination of contracted-out employment) after subsection (1A) there shall be inserted—

(1B)Where the amount of a person’s earnings for any period (whether before or after the passing of this Act) is relevant for any purpose of subsection (1) or (1A) above and the Secretary of State is satisfied that records of those earnings have not been maintained or retained or are otherwise unobtainable, he may for that purpose—

(a)compute, in such manner as he thinks fit, an amount which shall be regarded as the amount of those earnings; or

(b)take their amount to be such sum as he may specify in the particular case.

(1C)Where—

(a)the Secretary of State subsequently ascertains the amount of those earnings, and

(b)it appears to him that the amount of the premium would have been different if he had not made the calculation on the basis described in subsection (1A) above,

he shall refund to the prescribed person the amount by which it would have been less or, as the case may be, the prescribed person shall pay to the Secretary of State the amount by which it would have been more.

(2)At the beginning of subsection (2A) of that section (meaning of “linked qualifying service”) there shall be inserted the words “Subject to subsection (2B) below” and after that subsection there shall be inserted—

(2B)Only so much of the earlier period as is a period of service in respect of which there accrued under the first scheme any of the rights transferred to the second scheme shall be linked qualifying service in relation to the later period of service.

(3)In section 66(1) of that Act (interpretation) in the definition of “linked qualifying service” for the words “section 43(2A)” there shall be substituted the words “section 43(2A) and (2B)”.

10(1)In section 44 of that Act (premium on termination of contracted-out scheme) for subsection (5A) (earnings deemed to equal upper earnings limit where their amount is not readily ascertainable) there shall be substituted—

(5A)Where, in calculating the costs referred to in subsection (5) above, the Secretary of State cannot readily ascertain the amount of any earnings in a tax week, he may for the purpose of calculating those costs—

(a)compute, in such manner as he thinks fit, an amount which shall be regarded as the amount of those earnings, or

(b)take their amount to be such sum as he may specify in the particular case,

and he may certify the costs accordingly.

(2)In subsection (5B) of that section (refund where true amount of earnings ascertained)—

(a)in paragraph (b) for the word “less” there shall be substituted the word “different”; and

(b)at the end of that subsection there shall be added the words “or, as the case may be, the prescribed person shall pay to the Secretary of State the amount by which it would have been more.”

11In section 44A(1) of that Act (circumstances in which transfer premiums may be paid) for paragraph (c) there shall be substituted—

(c)the scheme to which his accrued rights are transferred is neither a contracted-out scheme nor one which was formerly contracted-out and in respect of which the Occupational Pensions Board have duties under section 49 below at the time of the transfer; and.

12In section 45(3) of that Act (election as to method of computation where guaranteed minimum pension excluded from full revaluation)—

(a)the words “unless the person liable for the premium elects in the prescribed manner that this subsection shall not apply” shall cease to have effect; and

(b)after paragraph (b) of that subsection there shall be added the words—“but this subsection shall not apply in any case where its application would result in the amount of the premium being greater than it would have been apart from this subsection.”

13(1)In section 52A of that Act (Secretary of State to specify revaluation percentage) in subsection (3) for the words from “, in the light” onwards there shall be substituted the words “to be the percentage increase in the general level of prices obtaining in Great Britain during the period which is the reference period in relation to that revaluation period, estimated in such manner as he thinks fit.”

(2)For subsection (8) of that section (calculation of revaluation percentage where price increases exceed 5 per cent. per annum) there shall be substituted—

(8)Where, apart from this subsection, the revaluation percentage in relation to a revaluation period would exceed the maximum rate, the Secretary of State shall instead specify as the revaluation percentage for that period a percentage equal to the maximum rate.

(9)For the purposes of subsection (8) above, “the maximum rate”, in relation to a revaluation period, is—

(a)in the case of a revaluation period of 12 months, 5 per cent.; and

(b)in any other case, the percentage that would be the revaluation percentage had the general level of prices increased at the rate of 5 per cent. compound per annum during the reference period in question.

14In section 52C(1) of that Act (discharge of scheme’s liability to provide benefits etc) paragraph (b) shall have effect, and be deemed always to have had effect, with the words following sub-paragraph (i) set out as follows—

(ii)short service benefit, or an alternative to short service benefit,

for or in respect of that person being appropriately secured; and.

Social Security (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1977 (c. 5)

15In section 21 of the [1977 c. 5.] Social Security (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1977 (election as to method of computation where guaranteed minimum pension preserved under approved arrangements) in subsection (1)—

(a)the words “unless the prescribed person otherwise elects in the prescribed manner” shall cease to have effect; and

(b)after paragraph (b) there shall be added the words—

but this subsection shall not apply in any case where the application of those provisions would result in the amount of the guaranteed minimum being greater than it would have been apart from this subsection.

Social Security Act 1986 (c. 50)

16In section 9(4) of the 1986 Act (which specifies provisions of the Pensions Act relating to guaranteed minimum pensions which are to be construed as if “widow” included “widower”)—

(a)in paragraph (f), after the words “section 41B(1)(c)” there shall be inserted “and (i)”; and

(b)after paragraph (h) there shall be inserted—

(i)paragraphs 8(b) and 13(6) of Schedule 1A.

17The following section shall be inserted after section 17 of that Act—

17AReciprocity with other countries

(1)Section 143 of the Social Security Act 1975 (Orders in Council providing for reciprocity) shall apply as if any reference to that Act included a reference to this Part of this Act.

(2)An Order in Council made by virtue of subsection (1) above may, in particular, provide for the Secretary of State to make payments for any period beginning on or after 6th April 1987 and may make provision with respect to any matters relating to payments so made.

18In section 87(1) of that Act (provisions which extend to Northern Ireland) in paragraph (a) for the words “section 17(2)” there shall be substituted the words “section 17(1) and (2)”.

19(1)In Schedule 1 to that Act (appropriate personal pension schemes) in sub-paragraphs (4) and (5) of paragraph 7 (calculation and verification of value of protected rights such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph) the words “such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) above” shall be omitted.

(2)In paragraph (a) of sub-paragraph (4) of that paragraph, after the word “shall” there shall be inserted the words “in the case of any such protected rights as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) above”.

20(1)For paragraph 8 of that Schedule there shall be substituted—

8The rules shall provide for effect to be given to the protected rights of a member—

(a)in any case where sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 9 below so requires, by the purchase of such an annuity as is mentioned in that sub-paragraph, and

(b)in any other case, in such of the ways permitted by that paragraph as the rules may specify,

and they shall not provide for any part of a member’s protected rights to be discharged otherwise than in accordance with that paragraph.

(2)Sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 9 of that Schedule (cases in which protected rights may be given effect by purchase of annuity) shall be amended as follows—

(a)at the beginning there shall be inserted the words “Subject to sub-paragraphs (4) and (6) below”; and

(b)for the words “effect may be given to protected rights” there shall be substituted the words “then, except to the extent that effect is given to protected rights in accordance with sub-paragraph (3) below, effect shall be given to those rights”.

(3)After sub-paragraph (7) of that paragraph (half rate pension or annuity for earner’s widow or widower etc) there shall be inserted—

(7A)As respects the period of 5 years beginning with the commencement of the pension or annuity referred to in sub-paragraph (7) above, that sub-paragraph shall have effect in relation to that pension or annuity as if the words “at least” were inserted immediately before the words “one-half” in paragraph (b)(i).

The Occupational Pension Schemes (Contracting-out) Regulations 1984 (S.I.1984/380)

21(1)In regulation 22 of the Occupational Pension Schemes (Contracting-out) Regulations 1984 (additional requirement alternative to limited revaluation premium) in paragraphs (3A) and (7A) (which were inserted by regulation 2 of the [S.I. 1988/475.] Contracting-out (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 1988 and which provide for the rate of increase to be 7½ per cent. in certain cases) for the words “and in relation to another scheme,” there shall be substituted the words “(and whether in relation to the same or another scheme)”.

(2)The amendment by sub-paragraph (1) above of a provision contained in regulations shall not be taken to have prejudiced any power to make further regulations revoking or amending that provision.

(3)This paragraph shall be deemed to have come into force on 6th April 1988.

Section 26.

SCHEDULE 7Pre-consolidation Amendments

Social Security Act 1973 (c. 38)

1In section 58(2) of the 1973 Act (linked qualifying service) the word “and” shall be inserted at the end of paragraph (a).

Social Security Act 1975 (c. 14)

2(1)In section 4 of the principal Act, for subsection (3) (persons liable to pay Class 1 contributions) there shall be substituted the following—

(3)The primary and secondary contributions referred to in subsection (2) above are payable as follows—

(a)the primary contribution shall be the liability of the earner; and

(b)the secondary contribution shall be the liability of the secondary contributor;

but nothing in this subsection shall prejudice the provisions of paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to this Act relating to the manner in which the earner’s liability falls to be discharged.

(2)In subsection (6C) of that section (amount of secondary Class 1 contribution) for the words “the amount of a secondary Class 1 contribution” there shall be substituted the words “where a secondary Class 1 contribution is payable, the amount of that contribution”.

3In section 7A(3) of that Act (late paid Class 2 contributions)—

(a)the words “Class 2” shall be omitted in each place where they occur;

(b)for the words “from the week” there shall be substituted the words “beginning with the week”; and

(c)for the words “to the day” there shall be substituted the words “and ending with the day”.

4In section 8(2C) of that Act (late paid Class 3 contributions) for the words “any amount” there shall be substituted the words “any other amount”.

5In section 9 of that Act (Class 4 contributions recoverable under Tax Acts)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “payable”, where first occurring, there shall be inserted the words “for any tax year”;

(b)in that subsection, for the words from “any year” to “1975” there shall be substituted the words “the year of assessment corresponding to that tax year”; and

(c)after that subsection there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

For the purposes of this section the year of assessment which corresponds to a tax year is the year of assessment (within the meaning of the Tax Acts) which consists of the same period as that tax year.

6In section 12(1) of that Act (contributory benefits) for paragraph (d) there shall be substituted—

(d)maternity allowance (with increase for adult dependants).

7In section 13(5) of that Act (earnings factors) as it has effect in relation to tax years before 1987-88, for the words “shall be derived” there shall be substituted the words “may be derived”.

8In section 24 of that Act (widow’s payment), as substituted by the 1986 Act, the following subsection shall be added at the end—

(3)A widow’s payment is payable only in cases where the husband dies after the coming into force of section 36 of the Social Security Act 1986.

9In section 30(6)(b) of that Act (amendment of provisions relating to earnings after retirement age) for the words “36(5)” there shall be substituted the words “36(8)”.

10In section 37(6) of that Act (invalid care allowance) for the words “so be so” there shall be substituted the words “to be so”.

11In section 48(3)(a) of that Act (sequence in which certain reductions of Category A pensions are to be made) for the words “45(3)” there shall be substituted the words “45(2A)”.

12In section 57(4) of that Act (90 day waiting period for disablement benefit) for the words “Disablement benefit shall not be available to a person” there shall be substituted the words “A person shall not be entitled to disablement benefit”.

13In section 59A(1) of that Act, at the end of paragraph (a), there shall be added the word “and”.

14In section 106(1)(a) of that Act (review of decisions of Attendance Allowance Board), for the words “paragraph or paragraph (b) below” there shall be substituted the word “subsection”.

15In section 134(2) of that Act (destination of contributions etc) for the words “section 9(4)” there shall be substituted the words “section 9(5)”.

16In Schedule 3 to that Act (contribution conditions for entitlement to benefit) in paragraph 8 (satisfaction in early years) in sub-paragraph (1), after the words “short-term benefit” there shall be inserted the words “or a widow’s payment”.

17In sub-paragraph (5) of paragraph 2 of Schedule 12 to that Act (constitution of medical appeal tribunals) for the words “to the panel mentioned in sub-paragraph (4)” there shall be substituted the words “chairman of a tribunal under sub-paragraph (4)(a)”.

18In Schedule 20 to that Act (glossary of expressions) in the definition of “week” the words “midnight between Saturday and” shall be omitted.

Social Security Pensions Act 1975 (c. 60)

19In section 6 of the Pensions Act (rate of Category A retirement pension) the word “References” shall be inserted at the beginning of subsection (5).

20(1)In section 15 of the Pensions Act (invalidity pension for widows) after subsection (1) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(1A)This section does not apply to a woman unless—

(a)her husband died after 5th April 1979; or

(b)she ceased to be entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance after that date (whenever her husband died).

(2)In consequence of sub-paragraph (1) above, paragraph 17 of Schedule 1 to the [1979 c. 18.] Social Security Act 1979 shall cease to have effect.

21In section 43(2A) of that Act (linked qualifying service)—

(a)the word “and” shall be inserted at the end of paragraph (a); and

(b)in paragraph (b), for the words “transfer of” there shall be substituted the words “the transfer of”.

Child Benefit Act 1975 (c. 61)

22In section 6(1) of the Child Benefit Act 1975 (necessity for claim) for the words following “claims it” there shall be substituted the words “in the manner, and within the time, prescribed in relation to child benefit by regulations under section 51 of the Social Security Act 1986”.

Social Security and Housing Benefits Act 1982 (c. 24)

23In section 27 of the 1982 Act (statutory sick pay: Crown employment) the following subsection shall be added at the end—

(3)For the purposes of this section Her Majesty’s forces shall be taken to consist of such establishments and organisations as may be prescribed, being establishments and organisations in which persons serve under the control of the Defence Council.

24In section 44 of that Act (territorial waters) subsection (3) (which is spent) and subsection (4) (which is of no further practical utility) shall be omitted.

Social Security Act 1986 (c. 50)

25In section 47(7)(b)(i) of the 1986 Act (the maternity pay period) for the words “between the 11th and 6th weeks before” there shall be substituted the words “during the period beginning with the 11th week, and ending with the 7th week, before”.

26In section 50(1) of that Act (definitions relating to statutory maternity pay) in the definition of “week” the words “midnight between Saturday and” shall be omitted.

27In section 61 of that Act (consultations about subordinate legislation) for subsection (3) there shall be substituted the following—

(3)Where the Secretary of State has referred proposals to the Committee, the Council or the Board, he may make the proposed regulations before they have made their report, or, in the case of the Council, given their advice, only if after the reference it appears to him that by reason of the urgency of the matter it is expedient to do so.

28In paragraph 3(3) of Schedule 6 to that Act (Christmas bonus for pensioners) paragraph (c) shall be omitted.

Section 31(1).

SCHEDULE 8Minor and Consequential Amendments

Earnings to include payments for restrictive undertakings

1In section 3 of the principal Act (meaning of “earnings”) after subsection (1C) there shall be inserted—

(1D)For the purposes of this section there shall be treated as remuneration derived from an employed earner’s employment any sum paid to or for the benefit of an employed earner which is chargeable to tax by virtue of section 313 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (taxation of consideration for certain restrictive undertakings) otherwise than by virtue of subsection (4) of that section.

Incapacity for work: work as councillor to be disregarded

2(1)In determining for the purposes of—

(a)any provisions of the principal Act which relate to sickness benefit or invalidity benefit, or

(b)section 15 or 16 of the Pensions Act (invalidity pensions for widows and widowers),

whether any day is to be treated as a day of incapacity for work in relation to a person, there shall be disregarded any work which that person has undertaken, or is capable of undertaking, as a councillor.

(2)Where the amount of councillor’s allowance to which a person is entitled in respect of any week exceeds the permitted earnings limit, an amount equal to the excess shall be deducted from the amount of any incapacity benefit to which he is entitled in respect of that week, and only the balance remaining (if any) shall be payable.

(3)In determining whether a person satisfies the conditions of entitlement for an incapacity benefit, he shall be treated as having been incapable of work on any day which falls in the pre-commencement period and which—

(a)would have been treated as a day on which he was so incapable, were there disregarded any work which he undertook (or was capable of undertaking) as a councillor, but

(b)would not have been so treated apart from this sub-paragraph.

(4)In determining whether a person satisfies the conditions specified in subsections (2)(b) and (3)(b) of section 36 of the principal Act (severe disablement allowance) he shall be treated as having been incapable of work on any day which falls in the pre-commencement period and which—

(a)would have been treated as a day on which he was so incapable, were there disregarded any work which he undertook (or was capable of undertaking) as a councillor, but

(b)would not have been so treated apart from this sub-paragraph.

(5)In subsection (7) of that section (regulations) the following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph (c)—

(cc)may provide that, where the amount of councillor’s allowance (within the meaning of paragraph 2 of Schedule 8 to the Social Security Act 1989) to which a person is entitled in respect of any week exceeds a prescribed sum, then, except in prescribed cases, an amount equal to the excess shall be deducted from the amount of any severe disablement allowance to which he is entitled in respect of that week, and only the balance remaining (if any) shall be payable; and.

(6)In this paragraph—

  • “councillor” means—

    (a)

    in relation to England and Wales, a member of a London borough council, a county council, a district council, a parish or community council, the Common Council of the City of London or the Council of the Isles of Scilly; and

    (b)

    in relation to Scotland, a member of a regional, islands or district council;

  • “councillor’s allowance” means an allowance under or by virtue of—

    (a)

    section 173, 177 or 177A of the [1972 c. 70.] Local Government Act 1972, other than any such allowance as is mentioned in section 173(4) of that Act (financial loss); or

    (b)

    section 45, 49 or 49A of the [1973 c. 65.] Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, other than any such allowance as is mentioned in section 45(4) of that Act (financial loss);

    and where any such allowance is paid otherwise than weekly, an amount calculated or estimated in accordance with regulations shall be regarded as the weekly amount of the allowance;

  • “incapacity benefit” means any of the following benefits—

    (a)

    sickness benefit;

    (b)

    invalidity benefit;

    (c)

    an invalidity pension under section 15 or 16 of the Pensions Act;

  • “permitted earnings limit” means the amount specified in regulation 3(3) of the [S.I. 1983/1598.] Social Security (Unemployment, Sickness and Invalidity Benefit) Regulations 1983 (work of certain kinds to be disregarded where earnings do not exceed £27 per week);

  • “pre-commencement period” means the period beginning with 11th May 1987 and ending immediately before the coming into force of this paragraph.

(7)Any reference in this paragraph to the work which a person undertakes, or is capable of undertaking, as a councillor shall be taken to include a reference to any work which he undertakes, or is capable of undertaking, as a member of any of the bodies referred to in—

(a)section 177(1) of the Local Government Act 1972, or

(b)section 49(1) or (1A) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973,

of which he is a member by virtue of his being a councillor.

Disallowance of days of unemployment by reference to termination payments

3In section 17 of the principal Act (determination of days for which benefit is payable) after the subsection (2B) inserted by section 10(4) of this Act there shall be inserted—

(2C)If regulations under paragraph (a) of subsection (2) above provide that for the purposes of unemployment benefit days falling in a post-employment period are not to be treated in relation to a person as days of unemployment, then, for the purpose of determining that period, the regulations may, in particular, make provision—

(a)for calculating or estimating the amount or value of any payment made, or goods or services provided, to or for that person by his employer;

(b)for calculating or estimating that person’s level of earnings in the employment in question during any period or for treating him as having such a level of earnings as may be prescribed; and

(c)for calculating or estimating the amount or value of any other sum which falls to be taken into account under the regulations.

(2D)In subsection (2C) above “post-employment period” means a period following the termination of a person’s employment and falling to be determined in accordance with the regulations by reference to the amount or value of payments made, or goods or services provided, to or for the person by his employer at the time of, or within a prescribed period before or after, the termination of the employment.

Certain benefits not payable for periods of entitlement before deemed date of entitlement

4(1)In section 25 of that Act (widowed mother’s allowance) for subsection (3) there shall be substituted—

(3)The widow shall not be entitled to the allowance for any period after she remarries, but, subject to that, she shall continue to be entitled to it for any period throughout which she satisfies the requirements of subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) above.

(4)A widowed mother’s allowance shall not be payable—

(a)for any period falling before the day on which the widow’s entitlement is to be regarded as commencing for that purpose by virtue of section 51(1)(m) of the [1986 c. 50.] Social Security Act 1986; or

(b)for any period during which she and a man to whom she is not married are living together as husband and wife.

(2)In section 26 of that Act (widow’s pension) for subsection (3) there shall be substituted—

(3)The widow shall not be entitled to the pension for any period after she remarries, but, subject to that, she shall continue to be entitled to it until she attains the age of 65.

(4)A widow’s pension shall not be payable—

(a)for any period falling before the day on which the widow’s entitlement is to be regarded as commencing for that purpose by virtue of section 51(1)(m) of the Social Security Act 1986;

(b)for any period for which she is entitled to a widowed mother’s allowance; or

(c)for any period during which she and a man to whom she is not married are living together as husband and wife.

(3)In section 28 of that Act (Category A retirement pension) in subsection (1), for the words following paragraph (b) there shall be substituted the words—

and, subject to the provisions of this Act, he shall become so entitled on the day on which he attains pensionable age and his entitlement shall continue throughout his life.

(4)After that subsection there shall be inserted—

(1A)A Category A retirement pension shall not be payable in respect of any period falling before the day on which the pensioner’s entitlement is to be regarded as commencing for that purpose by virtue of section 51(1)(m) of the Social Security Act 1986.

(5)In section 29 of that Act (Category B retirement pension) for subsection (9) there shall be substituted—

(9)Subject to the provisions of this Act, a woman’s entitlement to a Category B retirement pension shall commence on the day on which the conditions of entitlement become satisfied in her case and shall continue throughout her life.

(9A)A woman’s Category B retirement pension shall not be payable for any period falling before the day on which the pensioner’s entitlement is to be regarded as commencing for that purpose by virtue of section 51(1)(m) of the Social Security Act 1986.

(6)In section 39 of that Act (Category C and D retirement pensions etc.) for subsection (3) there shall be substituted—

(3)Entitlement to a Category C or Category D retirement pension shall continue throughout the pensioner’s life.

(3A)A Category C or Category D retirement pension shall not be payable for any period falling before the day on which the pensioner’s entitlement is to be regarded as commencing for that purpose by virtue of section 51(1)(m) of the Social Security Act 1986.

Entitlement to, and right to payment of, attendance allowance

5(1)Section 35 of that Act (attendance allowance) shall be amended in accordance with the following provisions of this paragraph.

(2)In subsection (2), for the words “an attendance allowance is payable to any person” there shall be substituted the words “a person is entitled to an attendance allowance”.

(3)In subsection (4)—

(a)for the words “An attendance allowance shall not be payable to a person” there shall be substituted the words “A person shall not be entitled to an attendance allowance”; and

(b)in paragraph (a)—

(i)for the words “the allowance is payable” there shall be substituted the words “the person to whom the claim relates is entitled to the allowance”; and

(ii)for the words “the person to whom the claim relates” there shall be substituted the words “that person”.

(4)In subsection (4A), for the words “an attendance allowance to be paid to a person” there shall be substituted the words “a person to be entitled to an attendance allowance”.

Severe disablement allowance: daily rates, and deduction of statutorymaternity pay

6In section 36 of that Act (severe disablement allowance) after subsection (6) (weekly rate of benefit) there shall be inserted—

(6A)The amount of severe disablement allowance payable for any relevant day shall be 1/6th of the weekly rate referred to in subsection (6) above.

(6B)In any case where—

(a)a severe disablement allowance is payable to a woman in respect of one or more relevant days in a week, and

(b)an amount of statutory maternity pay becomes payable to her on any day in that week,

the amount of the severe disablement allowance (including any increase for a child or adult dependant under section 49(a) below) so payable shall be reduced by the amount of the statutory maternity pay, and only the balance (if any) shall be payable.

Dependency increases: fluctuating earnings

7(1)In section 47 of that Act (invalidity pension: dependent relative) for paragraph (a) of subsection (1) there shall be substituted—

(a)for any period during which either—

(i)the pensioner and her husband are residing together and he does not have earnings at a weekly rate in excess of the amount specified in paragraph 1(a) of Part I of Schedule 4; or

(ii)they are not residing together, he does not have earnings at a weekly rate in excess of the amount specified in Schedule 4, Part IV, column (3) and she is contributing to his maintenance at a weekly rate not less than the amount so specified.

(2)After section 84 of that Act (persons maintaining dependants etc.) there shall be inserted the following section—

84ADependency increases: continuation of awards in cases of fluctuating earnings

(1)Where a beneficiary—

(a)has been awarded a dependency increase, but

(b)ceases to be entitled to the increase by reason only that the weekly earnings of some other person (“the relevant earner”) exceed the amount of the increase or, as the case may be, some specified amount,

then, if and so long as the beneficiary would have continued to be entitled to the increase, disregarding any such excess of earnings, the award shall continue in force but the increase shall not be payable for any week if the earnings relevant to that week exceed the amount of the increase or, as the case may be, the specified amount.

(2)In this section—

(a)“dependency increase” means any of the increases in benefit provided for under Chapter III of Part II of this Act or section 64 or 66 above; and

(b)the earnings which are relevant to any week are those earnings of the relevant earner which, apart from this section, would be taken into account in determining whether the beneficiary is entitled to the increase in question for that week.

Employment protection allocation

8(1)In section 122 of that Act (power to alter contribution rates for purposes relating to the Redundancy Fund) subsection (5) (which requires corresponding amendment of the definition of “employment protection allocation” in section 134(4)) shall cease to have effect.

(2)In section 167(2)(a) of that Act (negative, instead of affirmative, procedure for regulations relating to mariners, airmen etc made under section 129 in consequence of certain specified provisions) for the words “or 123A” there shall be substituted the words “123A or 134”.

Community charge benefit: miscellaneous amendments

9(1)In section 165A(1) of the principal Act (claim necessary for entitlement to benefit) for paragraphs (a) and (b) there shall be substituted the following—

(a)he makes a claim for it in the manner, and within the time, prescribed in relation to that benefit by regulations under section 51, 51A or 51B of the Social Security Act 1986; or

(b)he is treated, by virtue of regulations under any of those sections, as making a claim for it.

(2)In section 20 of the 1986 Act, after subsection (8A) (entitlement to community charge benefit) there shall be inserted—

(8AA)A community charge benefit—

(a)shall not be allowed to a person in respect of any day falling before the day on which his entitlement is to be regarded as commencing for that purpose by virtue of paragraph (kk) of section 51A(1) below; but

(b)may be allowed to him in respect of not more than six days immediately following the day on which his period of entitlement would otherwise come to an end, if his entitlement is to be regarded by virtue of that paragraph as not having ended for that purpose.

(3)In section 22B of that Act (polygamous marriages) in subsection (1) (which provides that the section applies whether or not either party has an additional spouse) after the word “where” there shall be inserted “(a)” and for the words “this section applies whether or not” there shall be substituted “(b)”.

(4)In section 31D of that Act, for paragraph (c) of subsection (3) and for paragraph (b) of subsection (5) (which provide for the recovery of excess benefits by deduction from certain other income-related benefits) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

( )deduction from prescribed benefits.

(5)In section 31F(3) of that Act (calculation of community charge benefit subsidy) in paragraph (a), for the words “for the year” there shall be substituted the words “during the year”.

(6)In section 51A(1) of that Act (regulations relating to the administration of community charge benefit)—

(a)after paragraph (k) there shall be inserted—

(kk)for the day on which entitlement to a benefit is to begin or end; and

(b)after paragraph (o) there shall be inserted—

(oo)in the case of any benefit (or part) which takes the form of a payment, for the circumstances and manner in which payment may be made to one person on behalf of another for any purpose, which may be to discharge, in whole or in part, an obligation of the person entitled to the benefit or any other person;.

Transitional and consequential provision in regulations

10(1)Section 166(3) of the principal Act and section 4(2) of the Old Cases Act (both of which contain general provisions about orders and regulations) shall have effect, and be taken always to have had effect, with the substitution for the words “or supplementary” of the words “, supplementary, consequential or transitional”.

(2)In section 89 of the 1986 Act (transitional regulations in connection with coming into force of provisions of that Act) after subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A)Without prejudice to any other powers conferred on him, the Secretary of State—

(a)may, for the purpose of making provision with respect to persons falling within subsection (1B) below, modify or revoke any regulations made under this section if he considers it necessary or expedient to do so in consequence of, or otherwise in connection with, provisions of Acts, schemes, arrangements or other instruments coming into force after the passing of this Act; and

(b)may, for the purpose of consolidation, revoke and re-enact, with any modifications which he considers necessary or desirable, any regulations under this section.

(1B)The persons referred to in subsection (1A)(a) above are any persons—

(a)to whom regulations under subsection (1) above apply; or

(b)to whom regulations made under Part II of this Act relating to income support applied at any time before the passing of the Social Security Act 1989.

Restriction on first up-rating of additional pension

11In section 23 of the Pensions Act (annual increase of additional pensions in long-term benefits) after subsection (2) there shall be inserted—

(2A)Where a person is entitled to a Category A retirement pension with an increase under section 9(3) above in the additional pension and the circumstances are such that—

(a)the deceased spouse to whose contributions that increase is referable died during that part of the tax year which precedes the date on which the order under section 63 of the Social Security Act 1986 comes into force (“the initial up-rating order”), and

(b)the deceased spouse’s final relevant year for the purposes of section 6 above is the tax year immediately preceding that in which the death occurred,

then, in determining the amount of the additional pension which falls to be increased by the initial up-rating order, so much of that pension as is attributable to the increase under section 9(3) above shall be disregarded.

Consultations about subordinate legislation

12(1)In section 61(2) of the Pensions Act—

(a)after the words “purposes of” there shall be inserted “(a)”;

(b)for the words “or of Part I” there shall be substituted the words “(b) Part I”; and

(c)for the word “(other” there shall be substituted the words or

(c)Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989,

(other.

(2)In section 9 of the [1980 c. 30.] Social Security Act 1980 (the Social Security Advisory Committee) in subsection (7) (meaning of “relevant enactments” etc) in the words following the definition of “the relevant Northern Ireland enactments”—

(a)after the words “shall be construed” there shall be inserted “(a)”;

(b)for the words “and as excluding” there shall be substituted the words “(b) as excluding”; and

(c)at the end there shall be added the words and

(c)as excluding Part I of the Social Security Act 1986 and Schedule 5 to the Social Security Act 1989.

(3)In section 61 of the 1986 Act (consultations about subordinate legislation) for subsections (5) and (6) there shall be substituted—

(5)Except to the extent that this subsection is excluded by any enactment passed after this Act, nothing in any enactment shall require the reference to the Committee, the Council or the Board of any regulations contained in either—

(a)a statutory instrument made before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the coming into force of the enactment under which those regulations are made, or

(b)a statutory instrument—

(i)which states that it contains only regulations made by virtue of, or consequential upon, a specified enactment, and

(ii)which is made before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the coming into force of that specified enactment.

(4)In subsection (10) of that section (definitions) after the definition of “the Council” there shall be added—

“regulations” means regulations under this Act or under any other enactment, whenever passed.

(5)Section 10(2)(b) of the [1980 c. 30.] Social Security Act 1980 (which, in consequence of sub-paragraph (4) above, is superseded by section 61(1)(b) of the 1986 Act) shall cease to have effect.

(6)In Schedule 3 to that Act, in Part II (regulations not requiring prior submission to the committee) after paragraph 15A (statutory sick pay) there shall be inserted—

Statutory maternity pay

15AARegulations under paragraphs 1 to 5 of Schedule 4 to the Social Security Act 1986 and corresponding regulations applying to Northern Ireland.

Regulations relating to home responsibilities

13(1)Paragraph (a) of section 62(1) of the Pensions Act (affirmative, instead of negative, procedure for regulations under paragraph 5(6) of Schedule 3 to the principal Act relating to contributors who were precluded from regular employment by responsibilities at home) shall cease to have effect.

(2)The following regulations, namely—

(a)the [S.I. 1981/330.] Social Security Pensions (Home Responsibilities and Graduated Retirement Benefit) Amendment Regulations 1981, and

(b)the [S.I. 1988/623.] Social Security Pensions (Home Responsibilities and Miscellaneous Amendments) Amendment Regulations 1988,

shall have effect, and be taken always to have had effect, as if sub-paragraph (1) above had come into force immediately after the passing of the Pensions Act.

Statutory sick pay: trade disputes

14In paragraph 7 of Schedule 1 to the 1982 Act (no disqualification for statutory sick pay by virtue of stoppage of work where employee shows he did not participate in, or have a direct interest in, the trade dispute) the words “participate in, or” shall cease to have effect.

Family credit: up-rating

15(1)In section 20 of the 1986 Act (income-related benefits) in subsection (6) (awards of family credit not to be affected by changes of circumstances) there shall be added at the end the words “or by any order under section 63 below.”

(2)In section 63(13)(b) of that Act (transitional provision in connection with up-rating orders) for the word “shall” there shall be substituted the word “may”.

Income support: return to work after trade dispute

16In section 23A of the 1986 Act (effect of person’s return to work after a trade dispute) in paragraph (c) (certain sums paid by way of income support to be recoverable in the prescribed manner) for the words “in the prescribed manner” there shall be substituted the words “in accordance with the regulations”.

Personal representatives to give information about estate

17The following section shall be inserted after section 27 of the 1986 Act—

27APersonal representatives to give information about the estate of a deceased beneficiary

(1)The personal representatives of a person who was in receipt of income support or supplementary benefit at any time before his death shall provide the Secretary of State with such information as he may require relating to the assets and liabilities of that person’s estate.

(2)If the personal representatives fail to supply any information within 28 days of being required to do so under subsection (1) above, then—

(a)the appropriate court may, on the application of the Secretary of State, make an order directing them to supply that information within such time as may be specified in the order; and

(b)any such order may provide that all costs (or, in Scotland, expenses) of and incidental to the application shall be borne personally by any of the personal representatives.

(3)In this section “the appropriate court” means—

(a)in England and Wales, a county court;

(b)in Scotland, the sheriff;

and any application to the sheriff under this section shall be made by summary application.

Statutory maternity pay: employers to provide information relating to claims for certain other benefits

18In Schedule 4 to the 1986 Act (supplementary provisions relating to statutory maternity pay) after paragraph 8 there shall be inserted—

8A(1)Regulations may make provision requiring an employer in prescribed circumstances to furnish information in connection with the making of a claim by a woman who is or has been his employee for—

(a)a maternity allowance;

(b)sickness benefit;

(c)an invalidity pension; or

(d)severe disablement allowance.

(2)Regulations under this paragraph shall prescribe—

(a)the kind of information to be furnished in accordance with the regulations;

(b)the person to whom information of the prescribed kind is to be furnished; and

(c)the manner in which, and period within which, it is to be furnished.

Joint citations

19In the following enactments, for the words “the Social Security Acts 1975 to 1986” in each place where they occur there shall be substituted the words “the Social Security Acts 1975 to 1989”—

(a)section 6(1) of the [1974 c. 14.] National Insurance Act 1974;

(b)sections 9(7) and 18(1) of the [1980 c. 30.] Social Security Act 1980;

(c)section 4(5) of the [1982 c. 34.] Forfeiture Act 1982;

(d)section 5(1)(a) of the [1985 c. 53.] Social Security Act 1985;

(e)paragraph (b) of the definition of “the benefit Acts” in section 84(1) of the 1986 Act.

Section 31(2).

SCHEDULE 9Repeals

ChapterShort titleExtend of repeal

The repeal in section 1(1) of the principal Act and the repeal of sections 1(5) and (5A) and 134(3) of that Act, section 27 of the Pensions Act, section 2 of the Social Security (Contributions) Act 1981 and section 2 of the Social Security (Contributions) Act 1982 have effect in relation to payments by way of supplement, or adjustment of supplement, under section 1(5) of the principal Act in respect of any contributions whether paid before, on or after 31st March 1989.

The repeal in section 20(1A) of the principal Act does not affect the continuing operation of the Unemployment Benefit (Disqualification Period) Order 1988.

11 & 12 Geo.5 c. 49.War Pensions Act 1921.Sections 1 and 2.
11 & 12 Geo.6 c. 41.Law Reform (Personal Injuries) Act 1948.Section 2(2).
1970 c. 36.Merchant Shipping Act 1970.In section 17(10), the words from “but any application” onwards.
1973 c. 38.Social Security Act 1973.Section 51(7).
Section 64(3)(dd).
1975 c. 14.Social Security Act 1975.In section 1, in subsection (1) the words from “together with” onwards, and subsections (5) and (5A).
In section 4(6F), the words “primary or”.
In section 7A(3), the words “Class 2” wherever occurring.
In section 14(6), the words following paragraph (c).
In section 15(6)(a), the words “but have not retired from regular employment”.
In section 20(1A) the words “longer or”.
Section 27(3), (4) and (5).
In section 28(1)(a), the words “and has retired from regular employment”.
Section 29(5)(a).
In section 30, subsection (1), in subsection (3), in paragraph (a), the words “retired from regular employment or has otherwise” and the words “retired or” and subsection (6)(a).
In section 36(7), the word “and” at the end of paragraph (c).
In section 39(1)(b), the words “and has retired from regular employment”.
1975 c. 14. (contd.)Social Security Act 1975 (contd.)In section 41(1), the words “section 30(1) of this Act and to”.
Section 48(2) and (3).
In section 100(3), the words from “without leave” onwards.
Section 101(6) and (7).
In section 112, subsection (4) and, in subsection (5), the words “or reference” and the words from “and the medical” onwards.
Section 122(5).
Section 134(3).
In section 167(1)(b), the words “section 1(5A)”.
In Schedule 10, paragraphs 1(7) and 2(2).
In Schedule 11, paragraph 4.
In Schedule 13, paragraphs 8 and 9.
In Schedule 20, the definition of “local office” and, in the definition of “week”, the words “midnight between Saturday and” and “30(1)”.
1975 c. 60.Social Security Pensions Act 1975.In section 8(1), the words “who has retired from regular employment”.
Section 11.
Section 27(6).
In section 41A(1C), the word “and” at the end of paragraph (b).
In section 41B(1A), the word “and” at the end of paragraph (b).
Section 41C(3)(a)(ii).
In section 45(3), the words from “unless the person” to “shall not apply”.
Sections 53 to 56.
Section 62(1)(a).
In Schedule 4, paragraph 39(a).
1977 c. 5.Social Security (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1977.In section 21(1), the words “unless the prescribed person otherwise elects in the prescribed manner”.
In section 22(2) the words “25(3), 26(3)”.
1979 c. 18.Social Security Act 1979.In Schedule 1, paragraph 17.
1980 c. 30.Social Security Act 1980.Section 10(2)(b).
Section 14(7).
1981 c. 1.Social Security (Contributions) Act 1981.Section 2(2).
Section 4(5)(a).
1982 c. 2.Social Security (Contributions) Act 1982.Section 2.
Section 4(4).
In Schedule 1, paragraph 1(4).
1982 c. 24.Social Security and Housing Benefits Act 1982.Section 44(3) and (4).
In Schedule 1, in paragraph 7, the words “participate in, or”.
In Schedule 4, paragraph 11.
1985 c. 53.Social Security Act 1985.In Schedule 5, paragraph 32.
1986 c. 50.Social Security Act 1986.In section 26(3), the word “and” at the end of paragraph (b).
In section 30(2), the words following paragraph (b), other than those added by the Local Government and Housing Act 1989.
In section 50(1), in the definition of “week”, the words “midnight between Saturday and”.
Section 63(1)(a)(ii).
In Schedule 1, in paragraph 7(4) and (5) the words “such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) above”.
In Schedule 3, paragraph 15(b).
In Schedule 6, in paragraph 3, in sub-paragraph (3)(b), the words “30(1)”, sub-paragraph (3)(c), sub-paragraph (4)(b) and the word “or” immediately preceding it.
In Schedule 9, paragraph 11(b).
In Schedule 10, paragraph 96.
1988 c. 7.Social Security Act 1988.Section 2(9).
1988 c. 43.Housing (Scotland) Act 1988.Section 70(4).
1988 c. 50.Housing Act 1988.Section 121(5).

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources