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Housing Act 1988

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part I Chapter I Crossheading Miscellaneous:

  • specified provision(s) savings for amendments by 2018 anaw 1, s. 6, Sch. 6 by S.I. 2019/110 reg. 5

MiscellaneousE+W

17 Succession to [F1assured tenancy].E+W

(1)[F2Subject to subsection (1D),] In any case where—

(a)the sole tenant under an assured periodic tenancy dies, and

(b)immediately before the death, the tenant’s spouse [F3or civil partner] was occupying the dwelling-house as his or her only or principal home, and

F4(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in the spouse [F3or civil partner] (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant’s will or intestacy).

[F5(1A)Subject to subsection (1D), in any case where—

(a)there is an assured periodic tenancy of a dwelling-house in England under which—

(i)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)the tenant is a sole tenant,

(b)the tenant under the tenancy dies,

(c)immediately before the death, the dwelling-house was not occupied by a spouse or civil partner of the tenant as his or her only or principal home,

(d)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person other than such a spouse or civil partner of the tenant to succeed to the tenancy, and

(e)there is a person whose succession is in accordance with that term,

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in that person (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant's will or intestacy).

(1B)Subject to subsection (1D), in any case where—

(a)there is an assured tenancy of a dwelling-house in England for a fixed term of not less than two years under which—

(i)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)the tenant is a sole tenant,

(b)the tenant under the tenancy dies, and

(c)immediately before the death, the tenant's spouse or civil partner was occupying the dwelling-house as his or her only or principal home,

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in the spouse or civil partner (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant's will or intestacy).

(1C)Subject to subsection (1D), in any case where—

(a)there is an assured tenancy of a dwelling-house in England for a fixed term of not less than two years under which—

(i)the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing, and

(ii)the tenant is a sole tenant,

(b)the tenant under the tenancy dies,

(c)immediately before the death, the dwelling-house was not occupied by a spouse or civil partner of the tenant as his or her only or principal home,

(d)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person other than such a spouse or civil partner of the tenant to succeed to the tenancy, and

(e)there is a person whose succession is in accordance with that term,

then, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in that person (and accordingly does not devolve under the tenant's will or intestacy).

(1D)Subsection (1), (1A), (1B) or (1C) does not apply if the tenant was himself a successor as defined in subsection (2) or subsection (3).

(1E)In such a case, on the death, the tenancy vests by virtue of this section in a person (“P”) (and, accordingly, does not devolve under the tenant's will or intestacy) if, and only if—

(a)(in a case within subsection (1)) the tenancy is of a dwelling-house in England under which the landlord is a private registered provider of social housing,

(b)an express term of the tenancy makes provision for a person to succeed a successor to the tenancy, and

(c)P's succession is in accordance with that term.]

(2)For the purposes of this section, a tenant is a successor in relation to a tenancy if—

(a)the tenancy became vested in him either by virtue of this section or under the will or intestacy of a previous tenant; or

(b)at some time before the tenant’s death the tenancy was a joint tenancy held by himself and one or more other persons and, prior to his death, he became the sole tenant by survivorship; or

(c)he became entitled to the tenancy as mentioned in section 39(5) below.

(3)For the purposes of this section, a tenant is also a successor in relation to a tenancy (in this subsection referred to as “the new tenancy”) which was granted to him (alone or jointly with others) if—

(a)at some time before the grant of the new tenancy, he was, by virtue of subsection (2) above, a successor in relation to an earlier tenancy of the same or substantially the same dwelling-house as is let under the new tenancy; and

(b)at all times since he became such a successor he has been a tenant (alone or jointly with others) of the dwelling-house which is let under the new tenancy or of a dwelling-house which is substantially the same as that dwelling-house.

[F6(4)For the purposes of this section—

(a)a person who was living with the tenant as his or her wife or husband shall be treated as the tenant’s spouse, and

(b)a person who was living with the tenant as if they were civil partners shall be treated as the tenant’s civil partner.]

(5)If, on the death of the tenant, there is, by virtue of subsection (4) above, more than one person who fulfils the condition in subsection (1)(b) [F7or (1B)(c)] above, such one of them as may be decided by agreement or, in default of agreement, by the county court [F8shall for the purposes of this section be [F9treated as the tenant’s spouse, or if that person is the same sex as the tenant, and falls within subsection (4)(b), as the tenant’s civil partner.]] .

[F10(6)If, on the death of the tenant, there is more than one person in whom the tenancy would otherwise vest by virtue of subsection (1A), (1C) or (1E), the tenancy vests in such one of them as may be agreed between them or, in default of agreement, as is determined by the county court.

(7)This section does not apply to a fixed term assured tenancy that is a lease of a dwelling-house—

(a)granted on payment of a premium calculated by reference to a percentage of the value of the dwelling-house or of the cost of providing it, or

(b)under which the lessee (or the lessee's personal representatives) will or may be entitled to a sum calculated by reference, directly or indirectly, to the value of the dwelling-house.]

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 17 heading substituted (1.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 161(2), 240(2) (with s. 161(7)); S.I. 2012/628, art. 6(a) (with arts. 9 11 14 15 17)

F2Words in s. 17(1) inserted (1.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 161(3)(a), 240(2) (with s. 161(7)); S.I. 2012/628, art. 6(a) (with arts. 9 11 14 15 17)

F3Words in s. 17(1) inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), ss. 81, 263, Sch. 8 para. 41(1)(2), S.I. 2005/3175, {art. 2(1)}, Sch. 1

F5S. 17(1A)-(1E) inserted (1.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 161(4), 240(2) (with s. 161(7)); S.I. 2012/628, art. 6(a) (with arts. 9 11 14 15 17)

F7Words in s. 17(5) inserted (1.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 161(5), 240(2) (with s. 161(7)); S.I. 2012/628, art. 6(a) (with arts. 9 11 14 15 17)

F10S. 17(6)(7) inserted (1.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 161(6), 240(2) (with s. 161(7)); S.I. 2012/628, art. 6(a) (with arts. 9 11 14 15 17)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

18 Provisions as to reversions on assured tenancies.E+W

(1)If at any time—

(a)a dwelling-house is for the time being lawfully let on an assured tenancy, and

(b)the landlord under the assured tenancy is himself a tenant under a superior tenancy; and

(c)the superior tenancy comes to an end,

then, subject to subsection (2) below, the assured tenancy shall continue in existence as a tenancy held of the person whose interest would, apart from the continuance of the assured tenancy, entitle him to actual possession of the dwelling-house at that time.

(2)Subsection (1) above does not apply to an assured tenancy if the interest which, by virtue of that subsection, would become that of the landlord, is such that, by virtue of Schedule 1 to this Act, the tenancy could not be an assured tenancy.

(3)Where, by virtue of any provision of this Part of this Act, an assured tenancy which is a periodic tenancy (including a statutory periodic tenancy) continues beyond the beginning of a reversionary tenancy which was granted (whether before, on or after the commencement of this Act) so as to begin on or after—

(a)the date on which the previous contractual assured tenancy came to an end, or

(b)a date on which, apart from any provision of this Part, the periodic tenancy could have been brought to an end by the landlord by notice to quit,

the reversionary tenancy shall have effect as if it had been granted subject to the periodic tenancy.

(4)The reference in subsection (3) above to the previous contractual assured tenancy applies only where the periodic tenancy referred to in that subsection is a statutory periodic tenancy and is a reference to the fixed-term tenancy which immediately preceded the statutory periodic tenancy.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 18(1) restricted (1.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 61, Sch. 14 para. 3(2)(c); S.I. 1993/2134, arts. 2,5

F1119 Restriction on levy of distress for rent.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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