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Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

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Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

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This section lists the commencement orders yet to be applied to the whole Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing. Where applicable the commencement orders are listed under two headings, firstly those that bring some part of the Act you are viewing into force and secondly, those that bring into force legislation that affects some part of the legislation you are viewing. If you are viewing a prospective version or there is a prospective version available there may be commencement orders listed here that are relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

[F1297A Unauthorised decoders.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A person commits an offence if he—

(a)makes, imports, distributes, sells or lets for hire or offers or exposes for sale or hire any unauthorised decoder;

(b)has in his possession for commercial purposes any unauthorised decoder;

(c)instals, maintains or replaces for commercial purposes any unauthorised decoder; or

(d)advertises any unauthorised decoder for sale or hire or otherwise promotes any unauthorised decoder by means of commercial communications.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable—

[F2(a)on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both;]]

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding [F3ten] years, or to a fine, or to both.

(3)It is a defence to any prosecution for an offence under this section for the defendant to prove that he did not know, and had no reasonable ground for believing, that the decoder was an unauthorised decoder.

(4)In this section—

  • “apparatus” includes any device, component or electronic data (including software);

  • “conditional access technology” means any technical measure or arrangement whereby access to encrypted transmissions in an intelligbile form is made conditional on prior individual authorisation;

  • “decoder” means any apparatus which is designed or adapted to enable (whether on its own or with any other apparatus) an encrypted transmission to be decoded;

  • “encrypted” includes subjected to scrambling or the operation of cryptographic envelopes, electronic locks, passwords or any other analogous application;

  • “transmission” means—

    (a)

    any programme included in a broadcasting F4. . . service which is provided from a place in the United Kingdom or any other member State; or

    (b)

    an information society service (within the meaning of Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22nd June 1998 F5, as amended by Directive 98/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20th July 1998 F6) which is provided from a place in the United Kingdom or any other member State; and

  • “unauthorised”, in relation to a decoder, means that the decoder is designed or adapted to enable an encrypted transmission, or any service of which it forms part, to be accessed in an intelligible form without payment of the fee (however imposed) which the person making the transmission, or on whose behalf it is made, charges for accessing the transmission or service (whether by the circumvention of any conditional access technology related to the transmission or service or by any other means).

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 297A substituted (28.5.2000) by S.I. 2000/1175, art. 2(2)

F3Word in s. 297A(2)(b) substituted (20.11.2002) by 2002 c. 25, s. 1(4)(b)(5); S.I. 2002/2749, art. 2

F5O.J. L204, 21.7.98, p.37

F6O.J. L217, 5.8.98, p.18

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