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Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Miscellaneous: broadcasts F1. . . E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in heading before s. 68 repealed (31.10.2003) by The Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2498), reg. 2(2), Sch. 2 (with regs. 32, 33)

68 Incidental recording for purposes of broadcast F2. . . .E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where by virtue of a licence or assignment of copyright a person is authorised to broadcast F3. . . —

(a)a literary, dramatic or musical work, or an adaptation of such a work,

(b)an artistic work, or

(c)a sound recording or film.

(2)He shall by virtue of this section be treated as licensed by the owner of the copyright in the work to do or authorise any of the following for the purposes of the broadcast F3. . . —

(a)in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, or an adaptation of such a work, to make a sound recording or film of the work or adaptation;

(b)in the case of an artistic work, to take a photograph or make a film of the work;

(c)in the case of a sound recording or film, to make a copy of it.

(3)That licence is subject to the condition that the recording, film, photograph or copy in question—

(a)shall not be used for any other purpose, and

(b)shall be destroyed within 28 days of being first used for broadcasting the work F3. . . .

(4)A recording, film, photograph or copy made in accordance with this section shall be treated as an infringing copy—

(a)for the purposes of any use in breach of the condition mentioned in subsection (3)(a), and

(b)for all purposes after that condition or the condition mentioned in subsection (3)(b) is broken.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

69 Recording for purposes of supervision and control of broadcasts and [F4other services].E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Copyright is not infringed by the making or use by the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the purpose of maintaining supervision and control over programmes broadcast by them [F5or included in any on-demand programme service provided by them], of recordings of those programmes.

[F6F7(2)Copyright is not infringed by anything done in pursuance of—

[F8(a)section 167(1) of the Broadcasting Act 1990, section 115(4) or (6) or 117 of the Broadcasting Act 1996 or paragraph 20 of Schedule 12 to the Communications Act 2003;]

(b)a condition which, [F9by virtue of section 334(1) of the Communications Act 2003], is included in a licence granted under Part I or III of that Act or Part I or II of the Broadcasting Act 1996; F10. . .

(c)a direction given under section 109(2) of the Broadcasting Act 1990 (power of [F11OFCOM] to require production of recordings etc).

[F12(d)section 334(3) [F13, 368O(1) or (3)] of the Communications Act 2003.]

[F6(3)Copyright is not infringed by the use by OFCOM in connection with the performance of any of their functions under the Broadcasting Act 1990, the Broadcasting Act 1996 or the Communications Act 2003 of—

(a)any recording, script or transcript which is provided to them under or by virtue of any provision of those Acts; or

(b)any existing material which is transferred to them by a scheme made under section 30 of the Communications Act 2003.]]

(4)In subsection (3), “existing material” means—

(a)any recording, script or transcript which was provided to the Independent Television Commission or the Radio Authority under or by virtue of any provision of the Broadcasting Act 1990 or the Broadcasting Act 1996; and

(b)any recording or transcript which was provided to the Broadcasting Standards Commission under section 115(4) or (6) or 116(5) of the Broadcasting Act 1996.

[F14(5)Copyright is not infringed by the use by an appropriate regulatory authority designated under section 368B of the Communications Act 2003, in connection with the performance of any of their functions under that Act, of any recording, script or transcript which is provided to them under or by virtue of any provision of that Act.

(6)In this section “on-demand programme service” has the same meaning as in the Communications Act 2003 (see section 368A of that Act).]

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Amendments (Textual)

F7S. 69(2)(3) substituted (1.10.1996 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.4.1997) by 1996 c. 55, s. 148(1), Sch. 10 Pt. III para. 31 (with s. 43(6)); S.I. 1996/2120, art. 4, Sch. 1; S.I. 1997/1005, art. 4

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

70 Recording for purposes of time-shifting.E+W+S+N.I.

[F15(1)]The making [F16 in domestic premises] for private and domestic use of a recording of a broadcast F17. . . solely for the purpose of enabling it to be viewed or listened to at a more convenient time does not infringe any copyright in the broadcast F17. . . or in any work included in it.

[F18(2)Where a copy which would otherwise be an infringing copy is made in accordance with this section but is subsequently dealt with—

(a)it shall be treated as an infringing copy for the purposes of that dealing; and

(b)if that dealing infringes copyright, it shall be treated as an infringing copy for all subsequent purposes.

(3)In subsection (2), “dealt with” means sold or let for hire, offered or exposed for sale or hire or communicated to the public.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

[F1971Photographs of broadcastsE+W+S+N.I.

(1)The making in domestic premises for private and domestic use of a photograph of the whole or any part of an image forming part of a broadcast, or a copy of such a photograph, does not infringe any copyright in the broadcast or in any film included in it.

(2)Where a copy which would otherwise be an infringing copy is made in accordance with this section but is subsequently dealt with—

(a)it shall be treated as an infringing copy for the purposes of that dealing; and

(b)if that dealing infringes copyright, it shall be treated as an infringing copy for all subsequent purposes.

(3)In subsection (2), “dealt with” means sold or let for hire, offered or exposed for sale or hire or communicated to the public.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

72 Free public showing or playing of broadcast F20. . . .E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The showing or playing in public of a broadcast F21. . . to an audience who have not paid for admission to the place where the broadcast F21. . . is to be seen or heard does not infringe any copyright in—

[F22(a)the broadcast;

(b)any sound recording (except so far as it is an excepted sound recording) included in it; or

(c)any film included in it.]

[F23(1A)For the purposes of this Part an “excepted sound recording” is a sound recording—

(a)whose author is not the author of the broadcast in which it is included; and

(b)which is a recording of music with or without words spoken or sung.

(1B)Where by virtue of subsection (1) the copyright in a broadcast shown or played in public is not infringed, copyright in any excepted sound recording included in it is not infringed if the playing or showing of that broadcast in public—

(a)F24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)is necessary for the purposes of—

(i)repairing equipment for the reception of broadcasts;

(ii)demonstrating that a repair to such equipment has been carried out; or

(iii)demonstrating such equipment which is being sold or let for hire or offered or exposed for sale or hire.]

(2)The audience shall be treated as having paid for admission to a place—

(a)if they have paid for admission to a place of which that place forms part; or

(b)if goods or services are supplied at that place (or a place of which it forms part)—

(i)at prices which are substantially attributable to the facilities afforded for seeing or hearing the broadcast F25. . . , or

(ii)at prices exceeding those usually charged there and which are partly attributable to those facilities.

(3)The following shall not be regarded as having paid for admission to a place—

(a)persons admitted as residents or inmates of the place;

(b)persons admitted as members of a club or society where the payment is only for membership of the club or society and the provision of facilities for seeing or hearing broadcasts F26. . . is only incidental to the main purposes of the club or society.

(4)Where the making of the broadcast F27. . . was an infringement of the copyright in a sound recording or film, the fact that it was heard or seen in public by the reception of the broadcast F27. . . shall be taken into account in assessing the damages for that infringement.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

73 Reception and re-transmission of [F28wireless broadcast by cable].E+W+S+N.I.

(1)This section applies where a [F30wireless] broadcast made from a place in the United Kingdom is, b [F31received and immediately re-transmitted by cable] .

(2)The copyright in the broadcast is not infringed—

(a)if the [F32re-transmission by cable] is in pursuance of a relevant requirement, or

(b)if and to the extent that the broadcast is made for reception in the area in which the [F33it is re-transmitted by cable] and forms part of a qualifying service.

(3)The copyright in any work included in the broadcast is not infringed if and to the extent that the broadcast is made for reception in the area in which the [F33it is re-transmitted by cable]; but where the making of the broadcast was an infringement of the copyright in the work, the fact that the broadcast was re-transmitted [F34by cable] shall be taken into account in assessing the damages for that infringement.

(4)Where—

(a)the [F35re-transmission by cable] is in pursuance of a relevant requirement, but

(b)to any extent, the area in which the [F36re-transmission by cable takes place] (“the cable area”) falls outside the area for reception in which the broadcast is made (“the broadcast area”),

the [F37re-transmission by cable] (to the extent that it is provided for so much of the cable area as falls outside the broadcast area) of any work included in the broadcast shall, subject to subsection (5), be treated as licensed by the owner of the copyright in the work, subject only to the payment to him by the person making the broadcast of such reasonable royalty or other payment in respect of the [F38re-transmission by cable of the broadcast] as may be agreed or determined in default of agreement by the Copyright Tribunal.

(5)Subsection (4) does not apply if, or to the extent that, the [F39re-transmission of the work by cable] is (apart from that subsection) licensed by the owner of the copyright in the work.

(6)In this section “qualifying service” means, subject to subsection (8), any of the following services—

(a)a regional or national Channel 3 service,

(b)Channel 4, Channel 5 and S4C,

[F40(c)the public teletext service,

(d)S4C Digital, and]

(e)the television broadcasting services and teletext service of the British Broadcasting Corporation;

[F41and expressions used in this subsection have the same meanings as in Part 3 of the Communications Act 2003.]

[F42(7)In this section “relevant requirement” means a requirement imposed by a general condition (within the meaning of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of the Communications Act 2003) the setting of which is authorised under section 64 of that Act (must-carry obligations).]

(8)The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (6) so as to add any service to, or remove any service from, the definition of “qualifying service”.

(9)The Secretary of State may also by order—

(a)provide that in specified cases subsection (3) is to apply in relation to broadcasts of a specified description which are not made as mentioned in that subsection, or

(b)exclude the application of that subsection in relation to broadcasts of a specified description made as mentioned in that subsection.

(10)Where the Secretary of State exercises the power conferred by subsection (9)(b) in relation to broadcasts of any description, the order may also provide for subsection (4) to apply, subject to such modifications as may be specified in the order, in relation to broadcasts of that description.

(11)An order under this section may contain such transitional provision as appears to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(12)An order under this section shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

[F43(13)In this section references to re-transmission by cable include the transmission of microwave energy between terrestrial fixed points.]]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F29Ss. 73, 73A substituted for s. 73 (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 55, s. 138, Sch. 9 para. 1 (with s. 43(6)); S.I. 1996/2120, art. 4, Sch. 1

F4473A Royalty or other sum payable in pursuance of section 73(4).E+W+S+N.I.

(1)An application to settle the royalty or other sum payable in pursuance of subsection (4) of section 73 (reception and re-transmission of [F45wireless broadcast by cable]) may be made to the Copyright Tribunal by the copyright owner or the person making the broadcast.

(2)The Tribunal shall consider the matter and make such order as it may determine to be reasonable in the circumstances.

(3)Either party may subsequently apply to the Tribunal to vary the order, and the Tribunal shall consider the matter and make such order confirming or varying the original order as it may determine to be reasonable in the circumstances.

(4)An application under subsection (3) shall not, except with the special leave of the Tribunal, be made within twelve months from the date of the original order or of the order on a previous application under that subsection.

(5)An order under subsection (3) has effect from the date on which it is made or such later date as may be specified by the Tribunal.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F44Ss. 73, 73A substituted for s. 73 (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 55, s. 138, Sch. 9 para. 1 (with s. 43(6)); S.I. 1996/2120, art. 4, Sch. 1

74 Provision of sub-titled copies of broadcast F46. . . .E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A designated body may, for the purpose of providing people who are deaf or hard of hearing, or physically or mentally handicapped in other ways, with copies which are sub-titled or otherwise modified for their special needs, make copies of F47. . . broadcasts F47. . . and issue [F48 or lend] copies to the public, without infringing any copyright in the broadcasts F47. . . or works included in them.

(2)A “designated body” means a body designated for the purposes of this section by order of the Secretary of State, who shall not designate a body unless he is satisfied that it is not established or conducted for profit.

(3)An order under this section shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)This section does not apply if, or to the extent that, there is a licensing scheme certified for the purposes of this section under section 143 providing for the grant of licences.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

75 Recording for archival purposes.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)A recording of a broadcast F49. . . of a designated class, or a copy of such a recording, may be made for the purpose of being placed in an archive maintained by a designated body without thereby infringing any copyright in the broadcast F49. . . or in any work included in it.

(2)In subsection (1) “designated” means designated for the purposes of this section by order of the Secretary of State, who shall not designate a body unless he is satisfied that it is not established or conducted for profit.

(3)An order under this section shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

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