Criminal Justice Act 1988

SCHEDULES

Section 1.

SCHEDULE 1Amendments of Extradition Act 1870, Backing of Warrants (Republic of Ireland) Act 1965 and Fugitive Offenders Act 1967

Part IExtradition Act 1870

1In section 3(3) (restrictions on surrender) after the word “otherwise” there shall be inserted the words “, or unless an order is made for the charge in respect of the offence to lie on the file”.

2The following section shall be inserted after section 11—

11ASimplified procedure

(1)A person may give notice that he waives the rights conferred on him by section 11 above.

(2)A notice under this section shall be given in England and Wales in the manner prescribed by rules under section 144 of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 and, without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) of that section, the power to make such rules shall include power to make provision for a magistrate to order the committal for return of a person with his consent at any time after his arrest.

(3)A notice under this section shall be given in Scotland in the manner prescribed by the High Court of Justiciary by Act of Adjournal and the sheriff may order the committal for return of a person with his consent at any time after his arrest.

(4)Where an order is made under this section, this Act shall cease to apply to the person in respect of whom it is made, except that if, within one month after the order is made, he is not surrendered to the foreign state to which he is to be returned, the High Court, upon application by or on behalf of that person, may, unless reasonable cause is shown for the delay, order him to be discharged..

3In section 26, in the definition of “police magistrate”, for the words from “a” to the end there shall be substituted the words “the chief metropolitan stipendiary magistrate or a metropolitan stipendiary magistrate designated by the Lord Chancellor for the purposes of this Act and the Acts that may be cited together with it as the Extradition Acts 1870 to 1935”.

4There shall be included in the list of extradition crimes contained in Schedule 1—

(a)any offence under the [1985 c. 8.] Company Securities (Insider Dealing) Act 1985; and

(b)offences under section 24 of the [1986 c. 32.] Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 (assisting another to retain the benefit of drug trafficking).

Part IIBacking of Warrants (Republic of Ireland) Act 1965

5The following section shall be inserted after section 2—

2AStatement of case by court

(1)If the court refuses to make an order in relation to a person under section 2 above, the chief officer of police for the area of the force to which the constable making the application under section 1 above belongs or, if the application is made in Northern Ireland, the chief constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary may question the proceeding on the ground that it is wrong in law by applying to the court to state a case for the opinion of the High Court on the question of law involved.

(2)If the chief officer or chief constable immediately informs the court that he intends to make such an application, the court shall make an order providing for the detention of the person in question, or directing that he shall not be released except on bail.

(3)Rules of Court may specify—

(a)a period within which the chief officer or chief constable must make such an application unless the Court grants a longer period; and

(b)a period within which the court must comply with such an application.

(4)Where the court fails to comply with an application under subsection (1) above within the period specified in Rules of Court the High Court may, on the application of the chief officer or chief constable, make an order requiring the court to state a case.

(5)The High Court shall have power—

(a)to remit the case to the magistrates' court to decide it according to the opinion of the High Court on the question of law; or

(b)to dismiss the appeal.

(6)An order made by a court in England and Wales or Northern Ireland under subsection (2) above shall cease to have effect if—

(a)the High Court dismisses the appeal; and

(b)the chief officer or chief constable does not immediately—

(i)apply for leave to appeal to the House of Lords; or

(ii)inform the court that he intends to apply for leave.

(7)An order made by a court in Scotland under subsection (2) above shall cease to have effect if the court dismisses the appeal.

(8)In relation to a decision of a court on an appeal under this section, section 1 of the [1960 c. 65.] Administration of Justice Act 1960 or section 41 of the [1978 c. 23.] Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 (right of appeal to House of Lords) shall have effect as if so much of subsection (2) as restricts the grant of leave to appeal were omitted.

(9)The House of Lords may exercise any powers of the High Court under subsection (5) above and subsection (6) above shall apply to them as it applies to that Court.

(10)Subject to subsections (6) and (7) above, an order under subsection (2) above shall have effect so long as the case is pending.

(11)For the purposes of this section a case is pending (unless proceedings are discontinued) until (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to take any step out of time) there is no step that the chief officer or chief constable can take.

(12)In the application to Scotland of this section—

(a)for the references to the chief officer of police or the chief constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary there shall be substituted references to the procurator fiscal;

(b)for the references to the High Court, other than the reference in subsection (9) above, there shall be substituted references to the High Court of Justiciary; and

(c)subsections (8) and (9) shall be omitted; and, in relation to an appeal under this section in Scotland, the court may make an order providing for the detention of the person to whom it relates, or may grant bail; and section 446(2) of the [1975 c. 21.] Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 shall apply for the purpose of such an appeal as it applies for the purpose of an appeal such as is mentioned in section 444 of that Act..

Part IIIFugitive Offenders Act 1967

6The following section shall be substituted for section 3—

3Relevant offences

(1)In this Act “relevant offence” means—

(a)conduct in a designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency which, if it occurred in the United Kingdom, would constitute an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term of 12 months or any greater punishment, and which, however described in the law of the designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency, is so punishable under that law; or

(b)any conduct which by virtue of subsection (4)(b) or (c) below is treated as conduct in a designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency and which satisfies the conditions in paragraph (a) above; or

(c)an extra-territorial offence against the law of the designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency which is punishable under that law with imprisonment for a term of 12 months or any greater punishment, and which satisfies—

(i)the conditions specified in subsection (2) below; or

(ii)all the conditions specified in subsection (3) below.

(2)The condition mentioned in subsection (1)(c)(i) above is that in corresponding circumstances equivalent conduct would constitute an extra-territorial offence against the law of the United Kingdom punishable with imprisonment for a term of 12 months, or any greater punishment.

(3)The conditions mentioned in subsection (1)(c)(ii) above are—

(a)that the designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency bases its jurisdiction on the nationality of the offender;

(b)that the conduct constituting the offence occurred outside the United Kingdom; and

(c)that if it occurred in the United Kingdom it would constitute an offence under the law of the United Kingdom.

(4)For the purposes of this Act—

(a)the law of a designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency includes the law of any part of that country or dependency and the law of the United Kingdom includes the law of any part of the United Kingdom; and

(b)conduct in a dependency of a designated Commonwealth country, or a vessel, aircraft or hovercraft of such a country, shall be treated as if it were conduct in that country; and

(c)conduct in a vessel, aircraft or hovercraft of a United Kingdom dependency shall be treated as if it were conduct in that dependency..

7(1)Section 4 (general restrictions on return) shall be amended as follows.

(2)The following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph (a) of subsection (1)—

(aa)that it is an offence under military law which is not also an offence under the general criminal law;.

(3)In subsection (3)—

(a)for the words “been restored or had an opportunity of returning to the United Kingdom” there shall be substituted the words “had an opportunity to leave that country”;

(b)in paragraph (a), for the word “requested” there shall be substituted the word “ordered”;

(c)the following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (b)—

(b)a lesser offence, other than an offence excluded by subsection (3A) below, which is disclosed by the facts in respect of which his return was ordered; or; and

(d)at the beginning of paragraph (c) there shall be inserted the words “subject to subsection (3B) below,”.

(4)The following subsections shall be inserted after that subsection—

(3A)The offences excluded from paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above are offences in relation to which an order for the return of the person concerned could not lawfully be made.

(3B)The Secretary of State may not give consent under paragraph (c) of that subsection in respect of an offence in relation to which it appears to him that an order for the return of the person concerned could not lawfully be made, or would not in fact be made..

8(1)The following subsections shall be substituted for subsection (2) of section 5 (authority to proceed)—

(2)There shall be furnished with any such request—

(a)particulars of the person whose return is requested;

(b)particulars of the offence of which he is accused or was convicted (including information sufficient to justify the issue of a warrant for his arrest under this Act);

(c)in the case of a person accused of an offence, a warrant for his arrest issued in the Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency; and

(d)in the case of a person unlawfully at large after conviction of an offence, a certificate of the conviction and sentence,

and copies of them shall be served on the person whose return is requested before he is brought before a court under section 7 of this Act.

(2A)Rules under section 144 of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 may make provision as to the procedure for service under subsection (2) above in England and Wales.

(2B)The High Court of Justiciary may, by Act of Adjournal, make rules as to the procedure for service under subsection (2) above in Scotland..

(2)The following subsection shall be added at the end of that section—

(4)An authority to proceed shall specify the offence or offences under the law of the United Kingdom which it appears to the Secretary of State would be constituted by equivalent conduct in the United Kingdom..

9In subsection (1)(a) of section 6 (arrest for purposes of committal) for the words “a metropolitan stipendiary magistrate or by” there shall be substituted the words—

(i)the chief metropolitan stipendiary magistrate or a metropolitan stipendiary magistrate designated for the purposes of this Act by the Lord Chancellor; or

10(1)In subsection (1) of section 7 (proceedings for committal) for the words “a metropolitan stipendiary magistrate” there shall be substituted the words “the chief metropolitan stipendiary magistrate or a metropolitan stipendiary magistrate designated as mentioned in section 6(1)(a) above”.

(2)For the words in subsection (5) of that section from “the court shall” to the end there shall be substituted the words

the court, unless his committal is prohibited by any other provision of this Act, shall commit him in custody or on bail—

(i)to await the Secretary of State’s decision as to his return to the country on behalf of which the request for his return was made; and

(ii)if the Secretary of State decides that he shall be returned to that country, to await his return.

(6)If the court commits a person under subsection (5) above, it shall issue a certificate of the offence against the law of the United Kingdom which would be constituted by his conduct.

(7)A person may be committed in the exercise of the power conferred by subsection (5) above either to custody or on bail.

(8)If the court commits a person to custody in the exercise of that power, it may subsequently grant him bail if it considers it appropriate to do so.

(9)If—

(a)the court is not satisfied as mentioned in subsection (5) above in relation to the person arrested; or

(b)his committal is prohibited by a provision of this Act, it shall discharge him.

11The following section shall be inserted after section 7—

7AStatement of case by court

(1)If the court of committal refuses to make an order of committal in relation to a person under section 7 above, in respect of the offence or, as the case may be, any of the offences, to which the authority to proceed relates, the country seeking the return of that person to it may question the proceeding on the ground that it is wrong in law by applying to the court to state a case for the opinion of the High Court or, in Scotland, the High Court of Justiciary on the question of law involved.

(2)If the country seeking his return immediately informs the court of committal that it intends to make such an application, the court shall make an order providing for his detention, or directing that he shall not be released except on bail.

(3)Rules of Court may specify—

(a)a period within which a country must make such an application unless the Court grants a longer period; and

(b)a period within which the court of committal must comply with such an application.

(4)Where the court of committal fails to comply with an application under subsection (1) above within the period specified in Rules of Court, the High Court or, in Scotland, the High Court of Justiciary may, on the application of the country seeking the return of the person in question, make an order requiring the court to state a case.

(5)The High Court or High Court of Justiciary shall have power—

(a)to remit the case to the court of committal to decide it according to the opinion of the High Court or High Court of Justiciary on the question of law; or

(b)to dismiss the appeal.

(6)Where the court dismisses an appeal relating to an offence, it shall by order declare that that offence is not an offence in respect of which the Secretary of State has power to make an order under section 9 of this Act in respect of the person whose return was requested.

(7)An order made by a metropolitan magistrate under subsection (2) above shall cease to have effect if—

(a)the court dismisses the appeal in respect of the offence or all the offences to which it relates; and

(b)the country seeking return does not immediately—

(i)apply for leave to appeal to the House of Lords; or

(ii)inform the court that it intends to apply for leave.

(8)An order made by the sheriff of Lothian and Borders under subsection (2) above shall cease to have effect if the court dismisses the appeal in respect of the offence or all of the offences to which it relates.

(9)In relation to a decision of a court on an appeal under this section, section 1 of the [1960 c. 65.] Administration of Justice Act 1960 (right of appeal to House of Lords) shall have effect as if so much of subsection (2) as restricts the grant of leave to appeal were omitted.

(10)The House of Lords may exercise any powers of the High Court under subsection (5) above and subsection (6) above shall apply to them as it applies to that Court.

(11)Subject to subsections (7) and (8) above, an order under subsection (2) above shall have effect so long as the case is pending.

(12)For the purposes of this section a case is pending (unless proceedings are discontinued) until (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to take any step out of time) there is no step that the Commonwealth country can take.

(13)In the application to Scotland of this section, subsections (9) and (10) shall be omitted, and, in relation to an appeal under this section in Scotland section 446(2) of the [1975 c. 21.] Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 shall apply for the purpose of such an appeal as it applies for the purpose of an appeal such as is mentioned in section 444 of that Act..

12(1)Section 8 (application for habeas corpus etc.) shall be amended as follows.

(2)The words “to custody” shall be omitted from subsections (1) and (2).

(3)The following words shall be substituted for the words in subsection (3) from the beginning to “the court”, in the second place where those words occur—

(3)Without prejudice to any jurisdiction of the High Court or High Court of Justiciary apart from this section, the court shall order the applicant’s discharge if it appears to the court, in relation to the offence, or each of the offences, in respect of which the applicant’s return is sought,.

(4)In subsection (5), for the words from “until” to the end there shall be substituted the words “(unless they are discontinued) until (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to appeal out of time) there is no further possibility of an appeal”.

(5)The following subsections shall be inserted after that subsection—

(6)A person may give notice that he waives the rights conferred on him by subsection (2) above.

(7)A notice under this section shall be given in England and Wales in the manner prescribed by rules under section 144 of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 and, without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) of that section, the power to make such rules shall include power to make provision for a magistrate to order the committal for return of a person with his consent at any time after his arrest.

(8)In Scotland, a person may give notice in the manner prescribed by the High Court of Justiciary by Act of Adjournal that he waives the rights conferred on him by subsection (2) above and the sheriff may order the committal for return of a person with his consent at any time after his arrest.

(9)In any case where an order is made under this section, this Act shall cease to apply to the person in respect of whom it is made, except that if within one month after the order is made he is not surrendered to the country to which he is to be returned, the High Court or, in Scotland, the High Court of Justiciary, upon application by or on behalf of that person, may, unless reasonable cause is shown for the delay, order him to be discharged..

13(1)Section 9 (order for return to requesting country) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for the words “to await his return” there shall be substituted the words “under section 7 of this Act”.

(3)In paragraph (b) of subsection (2), after the word “withdrawn” there shall be inserted the words “or unless an order is made for it to lie on the file”.

(4)The following subsection shall be inserted after that subsection—

(2A)In the application of this section to Scotland, the reference to an order being made for the charge to lie on the file shall be construed as a reference to the diet being deserted pro loco et tempore..

14In subsection (1) of section 10 (discharge in case of delay in returning) for the words from “to” to “Act”, in the first place where it occurs, there shall be substituted the words “under section 7 of this Act is still in the United Kingdom”.

15The following paragraph shall be substituted for subsection (2)(b) of section 14 (restriction upon proceedings)—

(b)any lesser offence disclosed by the particulars furnished to the designated Commonwealth country or United Kingdom dependency on which his return is grounded; or.

16In subsection (1) of section 16 (application to Channel Islands and Isle of Man) the words “(except for purposes of the references to the United Kingdom in section 3)” shall cease to have effect.

17At the end of subsection (1) of section 19 (interpretation) there shall be added—

“warrant”, in the case of any country, includes any judicial document authorising the arrest of a person accused or convicted of an offence..

Section 28.

SCHEDULE 2Documentary Evidence—Supplementary

1Where a statement is admitted as evidence in criminal proceedings by virtue of Part II of this Act—

(a)any evidence which, if the person making the statement had been called as a witness, would have been admissible as relevant to his credibility as a witness shall be admissible for that purpose in those proceedings;

(b)evidence may, with the leave of the court, be given of any matter which, if that person had been called as a witness, could have been put to him in cross-examination as relevant to his credibility as a witness but of which evidence could not have been adduced by the cross-examining party; and

(c)evidence tending to prove that that person, whether before or after making the statement, made (whether orally or not) some other statement which is inconsistent with it shall be admissible for the purpose of showing that he has contradicted himself.

2A statement which is given in evidence by virtue of Part II of this Act shall not be capable of corroborating evidence given by the person making it.

3In estimating the weight, if any, to be attached to such a statement regard shall be had to all the circumstances from which any inference can reasonably be drawn as to its accuracy or otherwise.

4Without prejudice to the generality of any enactment conferring power to make them—

(a)Crown Court Rules;

(b)Criminal Appeal Rules; and

(c)rules under section 144 of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates' Courts Act 1980,

may make such provision as appears to the authority making any of them to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of Part II of this Act.

5Expressions used in Part II of this Act and in Part I of the [1968 c. 64.] Civil Evidence Act 1968 are to be construed in Part II of this Act in accordance with section 10 of that Act.

6In Part II of this Act “confession” has the meaning assigned to it by section 82 of the [1984 c. 60.] Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.

Section 36.

SCHEDULE 3Reviews of Sentencing—Supplementary

1Notice of an application for leave to refer a case to the Court of Appeal under section 36 above shall be given within 28 days from the day on which the sentence, or the last of the sentences, in the case was passed.

2If the registrar of criminal appeals is given notice of a reference or application to the Court of Appeal under section 36 above, he shall—

(a)take all necessary steps for obtaining a hearing of the reference or application; and

(b)obtain and lay before the Court in proper form all documents, exhibits and other things which appear necessary for the proper determination of the reference or application.

3Rules of court may enable a person to whose sentencing such a reference or application relates to obtain from the registrar any documents or things, including copies or reproductions of documents, required for the reference or application and may authorise the registrar to make charges for them in accordance with scales and rates fixed from time to time by the Treasury.

4An application to the Court of Appeal for leave to refer a case to the House of Lords under section 36(5) above shall be made within the period of 14 days beginning with the date on which the Court of Appeal conclude their review of the case; and an application to the House of Lords for leave shall be made within the period of 14 days beginning with the date on which the Court of Appeal conclude their review or refuse leave to refer the case to the House of Lords.

5The time during which a person whose case has been referred for review under section 36 above is in custody pending its review and pending any reference to the House of Lords under subsection (5) of that section shall be reckoned as part of the term of any sentence to which he is for the time being subject.

6Except as provided by paragraphs 7 and 8 below, a person whose sentencing is the subject of a reference to the Court of Appeal under section 36 above shall be entitled to be present, if he wishes it, on the hearing of the reference, although he may be in custody.

7A person in custody shall not be entitled to be present—

(a)on an application by the Attorney General for leave to refer a case; or

(b)on any proceedings preliminary or incidental to a reference,

unless the Court of Appeal give him leave to be present.

8The power of the Court of Appeal to pass sentence on a person may be exercised although he is not present.

9A person whose sentencing is the subject of a reference to the House of Lords under section 36(5) above and who is detained pending the hearing of that reference shall not be entitled to be present on the hearing of the reference or of any proceeding preliminary or incidental thereto except where an order of the House authorises him to be present, or where the House or the Court of Appeal, as the case may be, give him leave to be present.

10The term of any sentence passed by the Court of Appeal or House of Lords under section 36 above shall, unless they otherwise direct, begin to run from the time when it would have begun to run if passed in the proceeding in relation to which the reference was made.

11Where on a reference to the Court of Appeal under section 36 above or a reference to the House of Lords under subsection (5) of that section the person whose sentencing is the subject of the reference appears by counsel for the purpose of presenting any argument to the Court or the House, he shall be entitled to his costs, that is to say to the payment out of central funds of such funds as are reasonably sufficient to compensate him for expenses properly incurred by him for the purpose of being represented on the reference; and any amount recoverable under this paragraph shall be ascertained, as soon as practicable, by the registrar of criminal appeals or, as the case may be, such officer as may be prescribed by order of the House of Lords.

12In the application of this Schedule to Northern Ireland—

(a)any reference to the Attorney General shall be construed as a reference to the Attorney General for Northern Ireland;

(b)any reference (except in paragraph 11) to the registrar of criminal appeals shall be construed as a reference to the Master (Queen’s Bench and Appeals);

(c)the reference in paragraph 11 to central funds shall be construed as a reference to money provided by Parliament;

(d)the reference in paragraph 11 to the registrar of criminal appeals shall be construed as a reference to the Master (Taxing Office).

Section 71.

SCHEDULE 4Confiscation Orders

Part IOffences in Respect of which Magistrates' Courts may make Confiscation Orders

EnactmentDescription of offence
LOCAL GOVERNMENT (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 1982 (c. 30)
Schedule 3—
paragraphs 20 and 21Offences relating to sex establishments.
VIDEO RECORDINGS ACT 1984 (c. 39)
Section 9Supplying video recording of unclassified work.
Section 10Possession of video recording of unclassified work for the purposes of supply.
CINEMAS ACT 1985 (c. 13)
Section 10(1)(a)Use of unlicensed premises for exhibition which requires a licence.

Part IIOrders Varying List of Offences

1The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument amend Part I of this Schedule by removing any offence from or adding any offence to the offences listed in it.

2A statutory instrument containing an order under paragraph 1 above shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

Section 103.

SCHEDULE 5Drug Trafficking Amendments

Part IAmendments of Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986

1The [1986 c. 32.] Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 shall be amended as follows.

2In section 7 (cases in which restraint orders and charging orders may be made)—

(a)in subsection (2)(a) for the words from “an” to “committed” there shall be substituted the words “whether by the laying of an information or otherwise, a person is to be charged with”; and

(b)in subsection (4), for the words “the proposed proceedings are not instituted” there shall be substituted the words “proceedings in respect of the offence are not instituted (whether by the laying of an information or otherwise)”.

3(1)The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (5) of section 8 (restraint orders)—

(5A)An application for the discharge or variation of a restraint order may be made by any person affected by it..

(2)The following subsections shall be added at the end of that section—

(10)The [1972 c. 61.] Land Charges Act 1972 and the [1925 c. 21.] Land Registration Act 1925 shall apply—

(a)in relation to restraint orders, as they apply in relation to orders affecting land made by the court for the purpose of enforcing judgments or recognisances; and

(b)in relation to applications for restraint orders, as they apply in relation to other pending land actions.

(11)The prosecutor shall be treated for the purposes of section 57 of the Land Registration Act 1925 (inhibitions) as a person interested in relation to any registered land to which a restraint order or an application for such an order relates..

4(1)The following paragraphs shall be substituted for subsection (3)(a) and (b) of section 9 (charging orders in respect of land, securities etc.)—

(a)may be made only on an application by the prosecutor;

(b)may be made on an ex parte application to a judge in chambers;

(c)shall provide for notice to be given to persons affected by the order; and

(d)may be made subject to such conditions as the court thinks fit and, without prejudice to the generality of this paragraph, such conditions as it thinks fit as to the time when the charge is to become effective.

(2)The following subsection shall be added at the end of that section—

(8)An application for the discharge or variation of a charging order may be made by any person affected by it..

5Subsection (1) of section 10 of that Act (charging orders: supplementary provisions) shall cease to have effect.

6(1)Section 12 (application of proceeds of realisation and other sums) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), after the word “shall” there shall be inserted the words “first be applied in payment of such expenses incurred by a person acting as an insolvency practitioner as are payable under section 17A(2) of this Act and then shall,”.

(3)In subsection (3), for the words from “sum”, in the second place where it occurs, to “balance” there shall be substituted the words justices' clerk shall apply the money received for the purposes specified in this section and in the order so specified.

(4)The justices' clerk shall first pay any expenses incurred by a person acting as an insolvency practitioner and payable under section 17A(2) of this Act but not already paid under subsection (1) above.

(5)If the money was paid to the justices' clerk by a receiver appointed under section 8 or 11 of this Act or in pursuance of a charging order the justices' clerk shall next pay the receiver’s remuneration and expenses.

(6)After making—

(a)any payment required by subsection (4) above; and

(b)in a case to which subsection (5) above applies, any payment required by that subsection,

the justices' clerk shall reimburse any amount paid under section 18(2) of this Act.

(7)Any balance in the hands of the justices' clerk after he has made all payments required by the foregoing provisions of this section.

7In section 15 (bankruptcy of defendant etc.)—

(a)subsection (5)(b) and (c) shall cease to have effect; and

(b)the following paragraph shall be substituted for subsection (7)(d)—

(d)subsection (2)(b) is omitted..

8(1)Section 16 (sequestration in Scotland of defendant etc.) shall be amended as follows.

(2)At the end of subsection (2) there shall be inserted the words “and it shall not be competent to submit a claim in relation to the confiscation order to the permanent trustee in accordance with section 48 of that Act”.

(3)The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (5)—

(5)Where, during the period before sequestration is awarded, an interim trustee stands appointed under the proviso to section 13(1) of that Act and any property in the debtor’s estate is subject to a restraint order, the powers conferred on the trustee by virtue of that Act do not apply to property for the time being subject to the restraint order..

9In subsection (1) of section 17 (winding up of company holding realisable property) the words from “but” to the end shall cease to have effect.

10The following section shall be inserted after that section—

17AInsolvency officers dealing with property subject to restraint order

(1)Without prejudice to the generality of any enactment contained in the [1986 c. 45.] Insolvency Act 1986 or in any other Act, where—

(a)any person acting as an insolvency practitioner seizes or disposes of any property in relation to which his functions are not exercisable because it is for the time being subject to a restraint order; and

(b)at the time of the seizure or disposal he believes, and has reasonable grounds for believing, that he is entitled (whether in pursuance of an order of the court or otherwise) to seize or dispose of that property,

he shall not be liable to any person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from the seizure or disposal except in so far as the loss or damage is caused by his negligence in so acting; and a person so acting shall have a lien on the property, or the proceeds of its sale, for such of his expenses as were incurred in connection with the liquidation, bankruptcy or other proceedings in relation to which the seizure or disposal purported to take place and for so much of his remuneration as may reasonably be assigned for his acting in connection with those proceedings.

(2)Any person who, acting as an insolvency practitioner, incurs expenses—

(a)in respect of such property as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above and in so doing does not know and has no reasonable grounds to believe that the property is for the time being subject to a restraint order; or

(b)other than in respect of such property as is so mentioned, being expenses which, but for the effect of a restraint order, might have been met by taking possession of and realising the property,

shall be entitled (whether or not he has seized or disposed of that property so as to have a lien under that subsection) to payment of those expenses under section 12(1) or (3)(za) of this Act.

(3)In this Act, the expression “acting as an insolvency practitioner” shall be construed in accordance with section 388 (interpretation) of the said Act of 1986 except that for the purposes of such construction the reference in subsection (2)(a) of that section to a permanent or interim trustee in sequestration shall be taken to include a reference to a trustee in sequestration and subsection (5) of that section (which provides that nothing in the section is to apply to anything done by the official receiver) shall be disregarded; and the expression shall also comprehend the official receiver acting as receiver or manager of the property..

11In subsection (2) of section 18 (receivers: supplementary provisions) for “(3)(a)” there shall be substituted “(3B)”.

12In section 19 (compensation)—

(a)in paragraph (b)(i) of subsection (1), the words “(and no conviction for any drug trafficking offence is substituted)” shall cease to have effect;

(b)at the end of that subsection there shall be added the words “if, having regard to all the circumstances, it considers it appropriate to make such an order”;

(c)in subsection (2)—

(i)the words “and that, but for that default, the proceedings would not have been instituted or continued,”; and

(ii)in paragraph (b), the word “substantial”,

shall cease to have effect; and

(d)the following subsection shall be inserted after that subsection—

(2A)The Court shall not order compensation to be paid in any case where it appears to the Court that the proceedings would have been instituted or continued if the serious default had not occurred..

13The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (5) of section 24 (assisting another to retain the benefit of drug trafficking)—

(5A)In this section “constable” includes a police officer engaged on central service (as defined in section 43(5) of the [1964 c. 48.] Police Act 1964)..

14(1)The following paragraph shall be substituted for subsection (1)(d) of section 25 (enforcement of Northern Ireland orders)—

(d)the references to the laying of an information in section 7(2) and (4) of this Act included references to making a complaint under Article 20 of the [S.I. 1981/1675 (N.I. 26).] Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981..

(2)In subsection (3) of that section the words “varying or revoking a previous Order in Council” shall cease to have effect.

15The following sections shall be substituted for section 26—

26Enforcement of other external orders

(1)Her Majesty may by Order in Council—

(a)direct in relation to a country or territory outside the United Kingdom designated by the Order (“a designated country”) that, subject to such modifications as may be specified, this Act shall apply to external confiscation orders and to proceedings which have been or are to be instituted in the designated country and may result in an external confiscation order being made there;

(b)make—

(i)such provision in connection with the taking of action in the designated country with a view to satisfying a confiscation order; and

(ii)such provision as to evidence or proof of any matter for the purposes of this section and section 26A below; and

(iii)such incidental, consequential and transitional provision,

as appears to Her Majesty to be expedient; and

(c)without prejudice to the generality of this subsection, direct that in such circumstances as may be specified proceeds which arise out of action taken in the designated country with a view to satisfying a confiscation order shall be treated as reducing the amount payable under the order to such extent as may be specified.

(2)In this Act—

  • “external confiscation order” means an order made by a court in a designated country for the purpose of recovering payments or other rewards received in connection with drug trafficking or their value; and

  • “modifications” includes additions, alterations and omissions.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may make different provision for different cases or classes of case.

(4)The power to make an Order in Council under this section includes power to modify this Act in such a way as to confer power on a person to exercise a discretion.

(5)An Order in Council under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the Order has been laid before Parliament and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

26ARegistration of external confiscation orders

(1)On an application made by or on behalf of the Government of a designated country, the High Court may register an external confiscation order made there if—

(a)it is satisfied that at the time of registration the order is in force and not subject to appeal;

(b)it is satisfied, where the person against whom the order is made did not appear in the proceedings, that he received notice of the proceedings in sufficient time to enable him to defend them; and

(c)it is of the opinion that enforcing the order in England and Wales would not be contrary to the interests of justice.

(2)In subsection (1) above “appeal” includes—

(a)any proceedings by way of discharging or setting aside a judgment; and

(b)an application for a new trial or a stay of execution.

(3)The High Court shall cancel the registration of an external confiscation order if it appears to the court that the order has been satisfied by payment of the amount due under it or by the person against whom it was made serving imprisonment in default of payment or by any other means..

16The following subsections shall be substituted for subsections (12) and (13) of section 38 (general interpretation)—

(12)Proceedings for an offence are concluded—

(a)when (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to appeal out of time) there is no further possibility of a confiscation order being made in the proceedings;

(b)on the satisfaction of a confiscation order made in the proceedings (whether by payment of the amount due under the order or by the defendant serving imprisonment in default).

(13)An order is subject to appeal until (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to appeal out of time) there is no further possibility of an appeal on which the order could be varied or set aside.

17In section 40(4) (effect of Act in Scotland), in paragraph (b), for “17” there shall be substituted “17A”.

Part IIAmendments of Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987

18The [1987 c. 41.] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 shall be amended as follows.

19In section 1 (confiscation orders) in paragraph (b) of subsection (2) after the words “restriction on importation” there shall be inserted the words “and exportation”.

20In subsection (6)(a) of section 11 (which applies the provisions of that section to restraint orders under the [1986 c. 22.] Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 registered in Scotland) after the word “information” there shall be inserted the words “in respect of the charge”.

21In subsection (3) of section 16 (application of proceeds of realisation and other sums) for the words from “sum”, in the second place where it occurs, to “applied”, in the third place where it occurs, there shall be substituted the words sheriff clerk shall apply the money received—

(a)first, in payment of any expenses to payment of which a person is entitled under section 37(2) of this Act but which were not paid to him under subsection (1) above;

(b)next, in payment of the administrator’s remuneration and expenses;

(c)next,.

22In section 34(6)(d) (bankruptcy in England and Wales of person holding realisable property) for the words “subsections (2)(b) and (4) are” there shall be substituted the words “subsection (2)(b) is”.

23In subsection (5) of section 38 (order to permit entry to premises) after the word “constable” there shall be inserted the words “or person commissioned as aforesaid”.

Section 108.

SCHEDULE 6The Criminal Injuries Compensation Board

Status

1The Board shall not be regarded as the servant or agent of the Crown or as enjoying any status, immunity or privilege of the Crown; and the Board’s property shall not be regarded as property of, or held on behalf of, the Crown.

Membership

2(1)The Board shall consist of such number of members as the Secretary of State thinks fit to appoint, and he may appoint one of them as chairman.

(2)A person may only be appointed to be a member of the Board if he is a barrister practising in England and Wales, an advocate practising in Scotland,a solicitor practising in England and Wales or Scotland or a person who holds or has held judicial office in England and Wales or Scotland.

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this Schedule, a person shall hold and vacate office as a member or chairman of the Board in accordance with the terms of his appointment.

(4)A person shall not hold office as a member of the Board for more than five years under any one appointment, but a person who ceases to be a member shall be eligible for reappointment.

(5)A person shall vacate office as a member of the Board—

(a)if he ceases to be qualified for appointment to that office; or

(b)on attaining the age of 72;

unless the Secretary of State considers that it is in the interests of the efficient operation of the compensation scheme that he should continue to hold office.

(6)A person may at any time resign his office as a member or as chairman of the Board by giving the Secretary of State notice in writing to that effect.

(7)Subject to sub-paragraph (8) below, the Secretary of State may at any time remove a person from office as a member of the Board if satisfied that—

(a)he has been convicted of a criminal offence;

(b)he has become bankrupt or has had his estate sequestrated or has made an arrangement with, or granted a trust deed for, his creditors;

(c)he is incapacitated by physical or mental illness; or

(d)he is otherwise unable or unfit to perform his duties.

(8)The power conferred by sub-paragraph (7) above shall only be exercisable—

(a)in the case of a member who practises or has practised as a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales, or who holds or has held judicial office there, with the consent of the Lord Chancellor; and

(b)in the case of a member who practises or has practised as an advocate or solicitor in Scotland, or who holds or has held judicial office there, with the consent of the Lord President of the Court of Session.

3(1)The Board shall pay to its members such remuneration and allowances as the Secretary of State may, with the approval of the Treasury, determine.

(2)In the case of any such member or former member of the Board as the Secretary of State may, with the approval of the Treasury, determine, the Board shall pay, or make arrangements for the payment of, such pension, allowance or gratuity to, or in respect of, him as may be so determined.

4Where a person ceases to hold office as a member of or as chairman of the Board otherwise than on the expiry of his term of office and it appears to the Secretary of State that there are special circumstances which make it right for that person to receive compensation, the Secretary of State may, with the consent of the Treasury, direct the Board to make to that person a payment of such amount as, with the consent of the Treasury, the Secretary of State may determine.

Staff

5The Board may, after consultation with the Secretary of State, appoint such officers and servants as the Board think fit, subject to the approval of the Treasury as to numbers and as to remuneration and other terms and conditions of service.

6Employment by the Board shall be included among the kinds of employment to which a superannuation scheme under section 1 of the [1972 c. 11.] Superannuation Act 1972 can apply, and accordingly in Schedule 1 to that Act, at the beginning of the list of “Other Bodies” there shall be inserted—

Criminal Injuries Compensation Board.

Expenses

7Any expenses incurred by the Board in discharging their functions shall be defrayed by the Secretary of State.

Proceedings

8The validity of any proceedings of the Board shall not be affected by any defect in the appointment of a member.

Accounts and information etc.

9(1)The Board shall—

(a)keep proper accounts and proper records in relation to the accounts; and

(b)prepare in respect of each financial year a statement of accounts in such form as the Secretary of State may, with the approval of the Treasury, direct.

(2)The statement of accounts prepared by the Board for each financial year shall be submitted to the Secretary of State at such time as he shall, with the approval of the Treasury, direct.

(3)The Secretary of State shall, on or before 30th November in any year, send to the Comptroller and Auditor General the statement of accounts prepared by the Board under sub-paragraph (1) above for the financial year last ended.

(4)The Comptroller and Auditor General shall examine, certify and report on the statement of accounts sent to him under sub-paragraph (3) above and shall lay copies of the statement and of his report before each House of Parliament.

(5)In this Schedule “financial year” means the period beginning with the day on which this Schedule comes into force and ending with 31st March following that day and each successive period of 12 months.

10(1)As soon as possible after the end of each financial year the Board shall make a report to the Secretary of State on the operation of the scheme and the discharge of their functions during that year.

(2)The Secretary of State shall lay before each House of Parliament a copy of every report made by the Board under this paragraph.

11The Board shall provide the Secretary of State with such information relating to their administration of the scheme as he may from time to time require and for that purpose shall permit any person authorised in that behalf by the Secretary of State to inspect and make copies of their accounts, books, documents or papers and shall afford to that person such explanation thereof as he may reasonably require.

12The Secretary of State may give to the Board such directions as he thinks fit as to the financial and management systems and procedures to be adopted by the Board; and the Board shall give effect to any such directions.

Section 108.

SCHEDULE 7Compensation

Claims for compensation

1(1)The Board shall not award compensation to a person unless, in addition to any other conditions relating to it being satisfied, he has made a claim for it in the prescribed manner.

(2)In this Schedule “prescribed” means prescribed by rules under paragraph 14 below.

2Unless the circumstances appear to them to be exceptional—

(a)in a case where the Board have not previously awarded compensation in respect of an injury they shall not determine a claim in respect of it which is made after the end of three years from the date of the incident giving rise to the injury; and

(b)in a case where they have previously awarded compensation in respect of an injury, they shall not determine any further claim in respect of it which is made after the end of three years beginning with the date of the notice under paragraph 6(2) below relating to the award, or latest award, of compensation in respect of the injury.

3If

(a)the Board—

(i)have previously awarded compensation in respect of an injury; and

(ii)stated at the time of a previous award that the evidence before them showed that a particular medical condition might arise in the future as a result of the injury; and

(b)a claim is made in respect of such a condition,

the Board shall determine the claim whenever it is made.

Procedure

4(1)The Secretary of State shall make rules of procedure in relation to claims for compensation.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of sub-paragraph (1) above rules under this paragraph may in particular—

(a)specify matters which may be dealt with or which must be dealt with—

(i)by members of the Board’s staff; or

(ii)by a member or members of the Board;

(b)make provision—

(i)for the determination of a claim without a hearing;

(ii)for the reconsideration without a hearing of a previous determination without a hearing; and

(iii)for the extent to which a previous determination may be altered on such a reconsideration;

(c)make provision as to circumstances in which a claim is to be or may be determined by a decision at a hearing on specified issues and as to the procedure for settling the issues which are to be considered;

(d)make provision about the conduct of hearings and in particular about the calling of witnesses, the admissibility of, and weight to be given to, hearsay and opinion evidence and the order of proceedings;

(e)make provision as to the confidentiality of information disclosed in connection with a claim; and

(f)make such incidental or supplementary provision as appears to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(3)Rules under this paragraph may make different provision for different descriptions of cases.

(4)Rules under this paragraph shall be made by statutory instrument.

(5)A statutory instrument containing any such rules shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

Applications for reconsideration of claims

5(1)Where a claimant is aggrieved by the determination of a claim which was determined without a hearing, he may question the determination by applying to the Board for the claim to be reconsidered after a hearing.

(2)A claimant may not make an application under this paragraph if, as part of their determination, the Board have certified that in their opinion no prima facie case for an award of compensation was disclosed by his application.

(3)An application under this paragraph—

(a)shall be entertained by the Board if it is made before the expiry of the period of three months beginning with the date on which the claimant was notified of their determination; and

(b)may be entertained by them if made outside that period if they are satisfied that there are exceptional reasons for doing so.

(4)The Board may refuse an application under this paragraph if they are of the opinion that there is sufficient reason to do so and, if the claimant so requires, shall give him a certificate that the application has been refused.

(5)Where the Board refuse an application for the reconsideration of a claim determined without a hearing in accordance with the law of England and Wales, the High Court, on the application of the claimant, may make an order of mandamus requiring the Board to reconsider his claim after a hearing.

(6)Where the Board refuse an application for the reconsideration of a claim determined without a hearing in accordance with the law of Scotland, the Court of Session, on the application of the claimant, may direct the Board to reconsider the claim after a hearing.

Payment of compensation

6(1)Except in prescribed cases, compensation, whether on an interim or a final award, shall be paid in a lump sum.

(2)It shall be the duty of the Board to give a claimant written notice of the amount of an award.

(3)A claimant shall not be entitled to a payment unless the Board have received from him written notice to the effect that he has received a notice under sub-paragraph (2) above and accepts the amount of compensation specified in the notice as the proper amount.

Deferment of determination

7(1)The Board may only defer the determination of a claim on the ground that criminal proceedings are current if they consider that the proceedings are likely to be material to their determination of the claim.

(2)Where the Board are satisfied that a claimant is qualified for an award of compensation but do not have all the information they need to assess the amount of the award, they may defer the determination of the claim for such reasonable period as may be appropriate to allow them to obtain that information.

(3)Where the Board are satisfied that a claimant is qualified for an award of compensation but have reason to believe that he may become entitled to an award of compensation under the scheme established by the [S.I. 1988/793 (N.I. 4).] Criminal Injuries (Compensation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1988, or any order replacing that Order, or under any similar scheme established in any other country or territory, they may defer the determination of his claim for such reasonable period as may be appropriate in order to establish whether he will become entitled to such an award and, if he will, the amount of the award.

Appropriate law

8Subject to the provisions of this Part of this Act, a claim for compensation under any of the heads specified in section 111 above is to be determined, and the amount of any compensation which falls to be assessed under any of those heads is to be assessed, in accordance with the rules of the law of England and Wales or the law of Scotland (including rules contained in Acts of Parliament but not including rules allowing a plaintiff or pursuer aggravated damages or interest) in accordance with which a claim in tort or delict arising out of the same facts for damages under a corresponding head would fall to be determined.

Private medical treatment

9In assessing compensation no account shall be taken of any expenses incurred in respect of private medical treatment unless the Board are satisfied that such treatment is or was essential; and where the Board are so satisfied in relation to any such treatment, compensation for the expenses incurred in respect of that treatment shall not exceed a reasonable amount.

Calculation of earning capacity

10(1)For the purposes of assessing compensation payable under this Part of this Act, the earning capacity of the person who sustained the injury to which the claim in question relates shall be taken not to be or to have been in excess of one-and-a-half times the gross average industrial wage.

(2)For the purposes of this paragraph the gross average industrial wage shall be taken to be whatever sum is specified by the Secretary of State by order as being the gross average industrial wage; and the Secretary of State shall cause any order specifying such a sum to be published in such manner as he thinks fit.

(3)The Secretary of State may by order amend sub-paragraph (1) above by varying the multiplier for the time being specified in that sub-paragraph.

(4)An order under sub-paragraph (2) above shall be made by statutory instrument.

(5)A statutory instrument containing any such order shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

Reduction of compensation by reference to social security benefits etc.

11(1)Compensation, other than compensation in respect of funeral expenses, shall be assessed on the basis that the loss to be compensated is reduced by the value of any entitlement to benefits which the claimant has in consequence of the injury to which the claim relates or, as the case may be, the death of the person who sustained that injury.

(2)In this paragraph—

  • “benefit” means—

    (a)

    any social security benefits payable under the laws of any part of the United Kingdom and any similar benefits payable under the laws of any other country or territory;

    (b)

    [1988/793 (N.I. 4)] Injuries (Compensation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1988, or any order replacing that Order, or under any similar scheme established in any other country or territory;

    (c)

    benefits (including any return of premiums) under any insurance arrangements, other than private insurance arrangements; and

  • “private insurance arrangements” means insurance arrangements for which no person wholly or partly pays except—

    (a)

    the person who sustained the injury to which the claim relates;

    (b)

    his spouse;

    (c)

    any person who on the date that that injury was sustained—

    (i)

    was living in the same household as the person who sustained that injury,

    (ii)

    was so living with him as his spouse; and

    (iii)

    had been so living with him in the same household during the whole of the period of two years immediately preceding that date;

    (d)

    where the person who sustained that injury was at the time under the age of 18 years, his parent or guardian.

(3)In calculating for the purposes of this paragraph the value of any entitlement to benefits regard shall be had—

(a)to any liability to income tax likely to reduce the value of that entitlement; and

(b)to any effect the making of the award is likely to have on that entitlement.

(4)In the case of a claim by the surviving spouse of a person who died as a result of having sustained the injury to which the claim relates, no account shall be taken of any re-marriage of his or of his prospect of re-marriage in calculating for the purposes of this paragraph the value of the surviving spouse’s entitlement to social security benefits.

Reduction of compensation by reference to pension rights

12(1)Compensation payable, other than compensation in respect of funeral expenses, shall be assessed on the basis that the loss to be compensated is reduced by the value of any pension rights, other than private pension rights, which—

(a)where the claimant is the person who sustained the injury to which the claim relates, are enjoyed by him in consequence of that injury and by virtue of any office or employment of his; or

(b)where the claimant is a dependant of the person who sustained the injury to which the claim relates, are enjoyed by him in consequence of that person’s death and by virtue of any office or employment of that person.

(2)In assessing the value of any pension rights for the purposes of this paragraph, regard shall be had to any likelihood that present or future liability to income tax may reduce their value.

(3)In this Schedule “private pension rights” means rights arising under pension arrangements for which no person wholly or partly pays except—

(a)the person who sustained the injury to which the claim relates;

(b)his spouse;

(c)any person who on the date that that injury was sustained—

(i)was living in the same household as the person who sustained that injury;

(ii)was so living with him as his spouse; and

(iii)had been so living with him in the same household during the whole of the period of two years immediately preceding that date;

(d)where the person who sustained that injury was at the time under the age of 18 years, his parent or guardian.

(4)For the purposes of this paragraph “pension rights” includes sums paid under insurance arrangements, other than private insurance arrangements, and gratuities.

Reduction of compensation by reference to damages etc.

13Where the Board are satisfied that, by virtue of—

(a)a judgment or decree in, or the settlement of, any action for damages; or

(b)any order under section 35 (compensation orders against convicted persons) or section 43A (payment of the proceeds of forfeited property to a person suffering personal injury, loss or damage as the result of an offence) of the of Criminal Courts Act 1973 or section 98 of the [1980 c. 62.] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980 (compensation orders against convicted persons),

a claimant has received any payment which compensates him for any loss in respect of which compensation is payable to him under this Part of this Act, the compensation so payable to him shall be assessed on the basis that that loss is reduced by the amount of that payment.

Miscellaneous rules

14(1)The Secretary of State may by rules—

(a)provide for the use of prescribed forms;

(b)prescribe circumstances in which, and the method by which, one person may act for another in relation to a claim for compensation;

(c)prescribe the manner in which the Board are to notify their determinations;

(d)specify cases in which compensation is not to be paid as a lump sum and how it is to be paid in any such case;

(e)provide that, in the case of compensation awarded to a person who is under the age of 18 years or under a disability, the Board shall have such power with respect to the payment and investment of the award as may be prescribed; and

(f)make such incidental or supplementary provision as appears to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(2)Rules under this paragraph may make different provision for different descriptions of cases.

(3)Rules under this paragraph shall be made by statutory instrument.

(4)A statutory instrument containing any such rules shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

Section 123.

SCHEDULE 8Custodial Sentences for Young Offenders

Part IAmendments

General

1In any enactment for a reference to a detention centre or to a youth custody centre or to both there shall be substituted a reference to a young offender institution.

2In any enactment except—

(a)section 21 of the [1968 c. 27.] Firearms Act 1968;

(b)Schedule 1 to the [1974 c. 23.] Juries Act 1974;

(c)section 5 of the [1974 c. 53.] Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974; and

(d)section 17(3) of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982,

for a reference (however expressed) to a detention centre order or to a sentence of youth custody or to both there shall be substituted a reference to a sentence of detention in a young offender institution.

3(1)In any enactment except—

(a)Part II of Schedule 1 to the [1974 c. 23.] Juries Act 1974;

(b)section 5 of the [1974 c. 53.] Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974; and

(c)sections 1(3) and 17(3) of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982,

for a reference to a sentence of Borstal training there shall be substituted a reference to a sentence of detention in a young offender institution.

(2)In any enactment for a reference to a Borstal institution there shall be substituted a reference to a young offender institution.

Army Act 1955 (c. 18)Air Force Act 1955 (c. 19)Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53)

4In subsection (6) –

(a)of section 71AA of the Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955; and

(b)of section 43AA of the Naval Discipline Act 1957,

(each of which is concerned with the making of custodial orders against young Service offenders) the following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (a)—

(a)where the offender is in or removed to England or Wales, any institution in which a person sentenced to detention in a young offender institution could be detained, section 1C of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982 having effect in relation to the offender as it has effect in relation to an offender sentenced to detention in a young offender institution;

5In sub-paragraph (6) of paragraph 10—

(a)of Schedule 5A to the Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955; and

(b)of Schedule 4A to the Naval Discipline Act 1957,

(each of which is concerned with the making of custodial orders against young civilian offenders) the following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (a)—

(a)where the offender is removed to England or Wales, any institution in which a person sentenced to detention in a young offender institution could be detained, section 1C of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 having effect in relation to the offender as it has effect in relation to an offender sentenced to detention in a young offender institution;

Firearms Act 1968 (c. 27)

6In section 21(1) and (2) of the Firearms Act 1968 (possession of firearms by persons previously convicted of crime) after the words “youth custody” there shall be inserted the words “or detention in a young offender institution”.

Employment Agencies Act 1973 (c. 35)

7In section 13(7)(a)(ii) of the [1973 c. 35.] Employment Agencies Act 1973 for the words from “prison” to “institution”, in the second place where it occcurs, there shall be substituted the words “custiodial sentence passed by a criminal court in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man;”.

Juries Act 1974 (c. 23)

8In Part I of Schedule 1 to the [1974 c. 23.] Juries Act 1974 (persons ineligible for jury service), in the definition of “penal estblishment” in Group B, for the words from “prison” to the end there shall be substituted the words “establishment regulated by the Prison Act 1952”.

Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (c. 53)

9In section 5 of the [1974 c. 53.] Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (rehabilitation periods) the words “detention in a young offenders institution” shall be inserted—

(a)in subsection (1)(b), after the words “youth custody”; and

(b)in subsection (2), in Table A, after the word “imprisonment”, in both places where it occurs.

Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48)

10The following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph (b) of section 17(3) of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 (restrictions on making attendance centre orders)—

(bb)to detention in a young offender institution.

Part IITransitional Provisions

11(1)Where—

(a)before the date on which section 1A of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982 comes into force an offender has been committed for sentence to the Crown Court under section 37 of the [1980 c. 43.] Magistrates Courts Act 1980; but

(b)the Crown Court has not dealt with him before that date,

it shall have the same powers of sentencing as if he has been committed on or after that date.

(2)A court to which it falls to determine for the purposes of any enactment how a previous court could or might have dealt with an offender shall if the offender is under 21 years of age make that determination as if Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 had been in force as amended by this Act.

12An offender who was sentenced to youth custody on a date before the commencement of section 1A of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 or whow as ordered to be detained in a detention centre before that date shall, if the sentence or order has not expired at the commencement of that section, be treated for all purposes of detention, release and supervision as if he had been sentenced to detention for the like tern in a young offender institution.

13A person who at the commencement of section 1A of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 is detained in a detention centre or youth custody centre by virtue of a custodial order—

(a)under section 71AA of the [1955 c. 18.] Army Act 1955, section 71AA of the [1955 c. 19.] Air Force Act 1955 or section 43AA of the [1957 c. 53.] Naval Discipline Act 1957; or

(b)under paragraph 10 of Schedule 5A to the Army Act 1955, Schedule 5A to the Air Force Act 1955 or Schedule 4A of the Naval Discipline Act 1957; or

shall be detained in such young offender institution as the Secretary of Sate may direct, and any enactment applying to persons detained in young offender institutions shall apply to a person so detained under this paragraph.

14Rules under section 47 of the [1952 c. 52.] Prison Act 1952 may provide that any awards for an offence against discipline made before the commencement of section 1A of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982 shall continue to have effect, subject to such modifications as the Secretary of State may consider appropriate in relation to any particluar description of award.

15Where on the commencemnet of section 1A of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 a person is subject—

(a)to a licence under section 60 of the [1967 c. 80.] Criminal Justice Act 1967 granted for his release from a youth custody sentence; or

(b)to supervision by virtue of section 15 of the Criminal Justice Act 1982,

he shall be treated thereafter as if the sentence or order by virtue of which he is so subject had been a sentence of detention in a young offender institution.

16Nothing in this Act affects any right of appeal against a sentence of youth custody.

SCHEDULE 9DETENTION OF YOUNG OFFENDERS IN SCOTLAND

PART IAMENDMENTS

Prisons (Scotland) Act 1952 (c. 61)

1In section 31(1) of the [1952. c. 61.] Prisons (Scotland) Act 1952 for paragraphs (d) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(d)young offenders institutions, that is to say, places in which offenders sentenced to detention in a young offenders institution may be kept.

Army Act 1955 (c. 18)Air Force Act 1955 (c. 19)Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53)

2In subsection (6)—

(a)of section 71AA of the Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955; and

(b)of section 43AA of the Naval Discipline Act 1957,

(each of which is concerned with the making of custodial orders against young Service offenders) the following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (b)—

(b)where the offender is in or removed to Scotland, a young offenders institution;.

3In sub-paragraph (6) of paragraph 10—

(a)of Schedule 5A to the Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955; and

(b)of Schedule 4A to the Naval Discipline Act 1957,

(each of which is concerned with the making of custodial orders against young civilian offenders) the following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (b)—

(b)where the offender is removed to Scotland, a young offenders institution;.

Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 55)

4In paragraph (b) of Part II (Persons Disqualified) of Schedule 1 to the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1980 in sub-paragraph (i) for the words “or detention” there shall be substituted the words “detention or youth custody”.

Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 62)

5In section 41(2)(b)(ii) of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980 after the words “detention in a” there shall be inserted the words “young offender institution or.”.

PART IITRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

6An offender who was ordered to be detained in a detention centre on a date before the commencement of section 124(1) of this Act shall, if the order has not expired at the commencement of that section, be treated for all purposes of detention, release and supervision as if he had been sentenced to detention for the like term in a young offenders institution.

7A person who at the commencement of section 124 of this Act is detained in a detention centre by virtue of a custodial order—

(a)under section 71AA of the [1955 c. 18.] Army Act 1955, section 71AA of the [1955 c. 19.] Air Force Act 1955 or section 43AA of the [1957 c. 53.] Naval Discipline Act 1957; or

(b)under paragraph 10 of Schedule 5a to the Army Act 1955, Schedule 5A to the Air Force Act 1955 or Schedule 4A to the Naval Discipline Act 1957,

shall be detained in such young offenders institution as the Secretary of State may direct, and any enactment applying to persons detained in young offenders institutions shall apply to a person so detained under this paragraph.

8Section 5 of the [1974 c. 53.] Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (rehabilitation periods) shall continue to apply as regards any person who, before the commencement of section 124(1) of this Act, had served a sentence of detention in a detention centre as if the said section 124(1) had bot been commenced.

SCHEDULE 10SUPERVISION

PART ISECTIONS SUBSTITUTED FOR SECTION 12 OF [1969 c. 54.] CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS ACT 1969

Power to include requirements in supervision orders

12(1)A supervision order may require the supervised person to reside with an individual named in the order who agrees to the requirement, but a requirement imposed by a supervision order in pursuance of this subsection shall be subject to any such requirement of the order as is authorised by the following provisions of this section or by section 12A, 12B or 12C below.

(2)Subject to section 19(12) of this Act, a supervision order may require the supervised person to comply with any directions given from time to time by the supervisor and requiring him to do all or any of the following things—

(a)to live at a place or places specified in the directions for a period or periods so specified;

(b)to present himself to a person or persons specified in the directions at a place or places on a day or days so specified;

(c)to participate in activities specified in the directions on a day or days so specified;

but it shall be fore the supervisor to decide whether and to what extent he exercises any power to give directions conferred on him by virtue of this subsection and to decide the form of any directions; and a requirement imposed by a supervision order in pursuance of this subsection shall be subject to any such requirement of the order as is authorised by section 12B(1) of this Act.

(3)The total number of days in respect of which a supervised person may be required to comply with directions given by virtue of paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection (2) above in pursuance of a supervision order shall not exceed 90 or such lesser number, if any, as the order may specify for the purposes of this subsection; and for the purpose of calculating the total number of days in respect of which such directions may be given the supervisor shall be entitled to disregard any day in respect of which directions were previously given in pursuance of the order and on which the directions were not complied with.

Young offenders

12A(1)Subject to subsection (2) of this section, this subsection applies to—

(a)any supervision order made under section 7(7) of this Act in respect of a child or young person found guilty as there mentioned; and

(b)any supervision order made in respect of a person under section 21(2) of this Act by a court on discharging a care order made in respect of him under the said section 7(7).

(2)Subsection (1) of this section does not apply to any supervision order which by virtue of section 12(2) above requires the supervised person to comply with directions given by the supervisor.

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this section and to section 19(13) of this Act, a supervision order to which subsection (1) of this section applies may require a supervised person—

(a)to do anything that by virtue of section 12(2) of this Act a supervisor has power, or would but for section 19(12) of this Act have power, to direct a supervised person to do;

(b)to remain for specified periods between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m.—

(i)at a place specified in the order; pr

(ii)at one of several places so specified;

(c)to refrain from participating in activities specified in the order—

(i)on a specified day or days during the period for which the supervision order is in force; or

(ii)during the whole of that period or a specified portion of it.

(4)Any power to include a requirement in a supervision order which is exercisable in relation to a person by virtue of this section or the following provisions of this Act may be exercised in relation to him whether or not any other such power is exercised.

(5)The total number of days in respect of which a supervised person may be subject to requirements imposed by virtue of subsection (3)(a) above shall not exceed 90.

(6)The court may not include requirements under subsection (3) above in a supervision order unless—

(a)it has first consulted the supervisor as to—

(i)the offender’s circumstances; and

(ii)the feasibility of securing compliance with the requirements,

and is satisfied, having regard to the supervisor’s report, that it is feasible to secure compliance with them;

(b)having regard to the circumstances of the case, it considers the requirements necessary for securing the good conduct of the supervised person or for preventing a repetition by him of the same offence or the commission of other offences; and

(c)the supervised person or, if he is a child, his parent or guardian, consents to their inclusion.

(7)The court shall not include in such an order by virtue of subsection (3) above—

(a)any requirement that would involve the co-operation of a person other than the supervisor and the supervised person unless that other person consents to its inclusion; or

(b)any requirement requiring the supervised person to reside with a specified individual; or

(c)any such requirement as is mentioned in section 12B(1) of this Act.

(8)The place, or one of the places, specified in a requirement under subsection (3)(b) above (“a night restriction”) shall be the place where the supervised person lives.

(9)A night restriction shall not require the supervised person to remain at a place for longer than 10 hours on any one night.

(10)A night restriction shall not be imposed in respect of any day which falls outside the period of three months beginning with the date when the supervision order is made.

(11)A night restriction shall not be imposed in respect of more than 30 days in all.

(12)A supervised person who is required by a night restriction to remain at a place may leave it if he is accompanied—

(a)by his parent or guardian;

(b)by his supervisor; or

(c)by some other person specified in the supervision order.

(13)A night restriction imposed in respect of a period of time beginning in the evening and ending in the morning shall be treated as imposed only in respect of the day upon which the period begins.

Requirements as to mental treatment

12B(1)Where a court which proposes to make a supervision order is satisfied, on the evidence of a medical practitioner approved for the purposes of section 12 of the [1983 c. 20.] Mental Health Act 1983, that the mental condition of a supervised person is such as requires and may be susceptible to treatment but is not such as to warrant his detention in pursuance of a hospital order under Part III of that Act, the court may include in the supervision order a requirement that the supervised person shall, for a period specified in the order, submit to treatment of one of the following descriptions so specified, that is to say—

(a)treatment by or under the direction of a fully registered medical practitioner specified in the order;

(b)treatment as a non-resident at a place specified in the order; or

(c)treatment as a resident patient in a hospital or mental nursing home within the meaning of the said Act of 1983, but not a special hospital within the meaning of that Act.

(2)A requirement shall not be included in a supervision order in pursuance of subsection (1) above—

(a)in any case, unless the court is satisfied that arrangements have been or can be made for the treatment in question and, in the case of treatment as a resident patient, for the reception of the patient;

(b)in the case of an order made or to be made in respect of a person who has attained the age of 14, unless he consents to its inclusion;

and a requirement so included shall not in any case continue in force after the supervised person becomes 18.

Requirements as to education

12C7mdash;

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, a supervision order to which section 12A(1) of this Act applies may require a supervised person, if he is of compulsory school age, to comply, for as long as he is of that age and the order remains in force, with such arrangements for his education as may from time to time be made by his parent, being arrangements for the time being approved by the local education authority.

(2)The court shall not include such a requirement in a supervision order unless it has consulted the local education authority with regard to its proposal to include the requirement and is satisfied that in the view of the local education authority arrangements exist for the child or young person to whom the supervision order will relate to receive efficient full-time education suitable to his age, ability and aptitude and to any special educational need he may have.

(3)Expressions used in subsection (1) above and in the [1944 c. 31.] Education Act 1944 have the same meaning there as in that Act.

(4)The court may not include a requirement under subsection (1) above unless it has first consulted the supervisor as to the offender’s circumstances and, having regard to the circumstances of the case, it considers the requirement necessary for securing the good conduct of the supervised person or for preventing a repetition by him of the same offence or the commission of other offences.

Duty of court to state in certain cases that requirement in place of custodial sentence

12D(1)Where—

(a)in pursuance of section 12A(3)(a) of this Act a court includes a requirement in a supervision order directing the supervised person to participate in specified activities; and

(b)it would have imposed a custodial sentence if it had not made a supervision order including such a requirement,

it shall state in open court—

(i)that it is making the order instead of a custodial sentence;

(ii)that it is satisfied that—

(a)the offender has a history of failure to respond to non-custodial penalties and is unable or unwilling to respond to any non-custodial penalty other than a supervision order including such a requirement; or

(b)only a supervision order including such a requirement or a custodial sentence would be adequate to protect the public from serious harm from him; or

(c)the offence for which he has been convicted or found guilty was so serious that a non-custodial sentence for it other than a supervision order including such a requirement could not be justified; and

(iii)why it is so satisfied.

(2)Where the Crown Court makes such a statement, it shall certify in the supervision order that it has made such a statement.

(3)Where a magistrates' court makes such a statement, it shall certify in the supervision order that it has made such a statement and shall cause the statement to be entered in the register.

PART IIAMENDMENTS CONSEQUENTIAL ON SUBSTITUTION OF SECTIONS SET OUT IN PART I FOR SECTION 12

The amendments of the [1969 c. 54.] Children and Young Persons Act 1969 mentioned in section 128(2) above are—

(a)the substitution of references to section 12A(3) for the references to section 12(3C) in section 15(1), section 18(4) and section 19(1)(b) and (13);

(b)the substitution of references to section 12B(1) for the references to section 12(4) in section 15(1) and (5) and section 16(6)(c) and (7); and

(c)the insertion of “, 12A, 12B or 12C” after “section 12” in section 15(1)(a) and section 16(5)(b) and (c) and (6)(a).

PART IIIAMENDMENTS OF SECTION 15

1The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (2A)—

(2A)If while a supervision order made under section 7(7) of this Act or made by a court on discharging a care order made under that subsection is in force in respect of a person who has not attained the age of 18 it is proved to the satisfaction of a juvenile court, on the application of the supervisor, that the supervised person has failed to comply with any requirement included in the supervision order in pursuance of section 12, 12A, 12C or 18(2)(b) of this Act, the court—

(a)may order him to pay a fine of an amount not exceeding £100; or

(b)subject to section 16A(1) of this Act, may make an attendance centre order in respect of him,

whether or not it also make an order under subsection (1) of this section..

2In subsection (3), for “12(1) or (2)” there shall be substituted “12, 12A, 12B or 12C”.

3The following subsections shall be substituted for subsection (4)—

(4)If while a supervision order made under section 7(7) of this Act or made by a court on discharging a care order made under that section is in force in respect of a person who has attained the age of 18 it is proved to the satisfaction of a magistrates' court (not being a juvenile court), on the application of the supervisor, that the supervised person has failed to comply with any requirement included in the supervision order in pursuance of section 12, 12A, 12C or 18(2)(b) of this Act, the court—

(a)whether or not it also makes an order under subsection (3) of this section, may order him to pay a fine of an amount not exceeding £100 or, subject to section 16A(1) of this Act, may make an attendance centre order in respect of him;

(b)if it also discharges the supervision order, may make an order imposing on him any punishment other than a sentence of detention in a young offender institution which it could have imposed on him if it had then had power to try him for the offence in consequence of which the supervision order was made and had convicted him in the exercise of that power;

and in a case where the offence in question is of a kind which the court has no power to try or has no power to try without appropriate consents—

(i)the punishment imposed by virtue of paragraph (b) of this subsection shall not exceed that which any court having power to try such an offence could have imposed in respect of it; and

(ii)if the punishment imposed is a fine, it shall not in any event exceed £2,000.

(4A)If while a supervision order is in force in respect of a person it is proved to the court under subsection (2A) or (4) above that the supervised person has failed to comply with any requirement included in the supervision order in pursuance of section 12A(3)(a) of this Act directing the supervised person to participate in specified activities, the court may, if it also discharges the supervision order, make an order imposing on him any sentence which it could have imposed on him if it had then had power to try him for the offence in consequence of which the supervision order was made and had convicted him, or found him guilty, in the exercise of that power.

(4B)In a case where the offence in question is of a kind which the court has no power to try or has no power to try without appropriate consents, the sentence imposed shall not exceed that which any court having power to try such an offence could have imposed in respect of it and shall not in any event exceed a custodial sentence for a term of six months and a fine—

(a)if the offender has not attained the age of 18, or £400; and

(b)if he has attained that age, of £2,000.

(4C)A court may not make an order by virtue of subsection (4A) of this section unless the court which made the supervision order made a statement under section 12D(1) of this Act.

(4D)For the purposes of subsection (4C) above a certificate under section 12D of this Act shall be evidence of the making of the statement to which it relates..

PART IVSECTION INSERTED AFTER SECTION 16

16AApplication of sections 17 to 19 of Criminal Justice Act 1982

(1)The provisions of section 17 of the [1982 c. 48.] Criminal Justice Act 1982 (attendance centre orders) shall apply for the purposes of section 15(2A)(b) and (4)(a) of this Act but as if—

(a)in subsection (1), for the words from “has power” to “probation order” there were substituted the words “considers it appropriate to make an attendance centre order in respect of any person in pursuance of section 15(2A) or (4) of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969”;

(b)for references to an offender there were substituted references to a supervised person; and

(c)subsection (13) were omitted.

(2)Sections 18 and 19 of Criminal Justice Act 1982 (discharge and variation of attendance centre order and breach of attendance centre orders or attendance centre rules) shall also apply for the purposes of each of those paragraphs but as if—

(a)for the references to an offender there were substituted references to the person in respect of whom the attendance centre order has been made; and

(b)there were omitted—

(i)from subsections (3) and (5) of section 19, the words “, for the offence in respect of which the order was made,” and “for that offence”; and

(ii)from subsection (6), the words “for an offence”.

Section 132.

SCHEDULE 11Administration of the Probation Service Etc.

Amendments of Schedule 3 to Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973

1Schedule 3 to the [1973 c. 62.] Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 shall be amended as follows.

2In paragraph 4—

(a)in sub-paragraph (1), for the word “For” there shall be substituted the words “Subject to sub-paragraph (1A) below, for”;

(b)the following sub-paragraph shall be inserted after that sub-paragraph—

(1A)Where two or more petty sessions areas outside the inner London area form a probation area or part of a probation area, the probation committee, if they think fit, may determine that there shall be one or more joint probation liaison committees for those petty sessions areas; and a joint committee shall consist of not less than three justices appointed by the justices acting for each of the petty sessions areas.; and

(c)the following sub-paragraph shall be inserted after sub-paragraph (3)—

(4)A probation liaison committee may delegate all or any of their functions to a sub-committee consisting of members of the committee..

3The following paragraphs shall be inserted after paragraph 6—

6AAny probation committee may also co-opt one or more justices with experience of sitting as members of the Crown Court, and one or more stipendiary magistrates appointed in a commission area which is the same as or is situated within the probation area.

6B(1)The Secretary of State may by order provide that the probation committee for any probation area shall co-opt members of the local authority, or any of the local authorities, liable under paragraph 15 below to defray the expenses of the committee.

(2)An order under this paragraph may make such consequential, supplementary or transitional provision as appears to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient in consequence of the order, including provision for such repeals in or modifications of this Schedule as appear to him to be necessary or expedient in consequence of it.

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of sub-paragraph (2) above, an order under this paragraph—

(a)may specify, either as a number or as a proportion of the members of the committee, how many persons may be co-opted to a committee and, where two or more authorities are liable to pay the expenses of a committee, how many persons may be co-opted from each of them;

(b)may provide for the procedure for co-opting persons to be followed by a committee;

(c)may require that such consultations as may be specified in the order shall be carried out before persons are so co-opted; and

(d)may disqualify persons of specified descriptions from being co-opted.

(4)An order under this paragraph may make different provision for different committees..

4Paragraph 7 shall cease to have effect.

5The following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph 10(3)(a)—

(a)to appoint staff;.

6The following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph 18(1)(a)—

(aa)limiting the number of staff (other than probation officers) who may be appointed under paragraph 3 or 10 above;.

Amendment of Local Government Finance Act 1982

8In paragraph (1) of section 12(2) of the [1982 c. 32.] Local Government Finance Act 1982 (bodies whose accounts are subject to audit by Audit Commission), after the word “committee” there shall be inserted the words “, except the committee for the inner London area.”.

Section 133.

SCHEDULE 12Assessors of Compensation for Miscarriages of Justice

1A person may only be appointed to be an assessor for the purposes of section 133 above if he is—

(a)a barrister practising in England and Wales or Northern Ireland;

(b)an advocate practising in Scotland;

(c)a solicitor practising in any part of the United Kingdom;

(d)a person who holds or has held judicial office in any part of the United Kingdom; or

(e)a member (whether the chairman or not) of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board.

2A person shall hold and vacate office as an assessor in accordance with the terms of his appointment.

3A person shall vacate office as an assessor—

(a)if he ceases to be qualified for appointment as an assessor; or

(b)on attaining the age of 72;

unless the Secretary of State considers that it is in the interests of the efficient operation of section 133 above that he should continue to hold office.

4A person may at any time resign his office as an assessor by giving the Secretary of State notice in writing to that effect.

5Subject to paragraph 6 below, the Secretary of State may at any time remove a person from office as an assessor if satisfied that—

(a)he has been convicted of a criminal offence;

(b)he has become bankrupt or has had his estate sequestrated or has made an arrangement with, or granted a trust deed for, his creditors;

(c)he is incapacitated by physical or mental illness; or

(d)he is otherwise unable or unfit to perform his duties.

6The power conferred by paragraph 5 above shall only be exercisable—

(a)in the case of a person who practises or has practised as a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales or Northern Ireland or who holds or has held judicial office in any of those parts of the United Kingdom, with the consent of the Lord Chancellor; and

(b)in the case of a person who practises or has practised as an advocate or solicitor in Scotland or who holds or has held judicial office there, with the consent of the Lord President of the Court of Session.

7An assessor shall be paid such remuneration and allowances as the Secretary of State may, with the approval of the Treasury, determine.

Section 146.

SCHEDULE 13Evidence Before Courts-Martial Etc.

Interpretation

1In this Schedule—

  • “procedural instruments” means—

    (a)

    Rules of Procedure under section 103 of the [1955 c. 18.] Army Act 1955 or section 103 of the [1955 c. 19.] Air Force Act 1955;

    (b)

    General Orders under section 58 of the [1957 c. 53.] Naval Discipline Act 1957;

    (c)

    rules under section 49 of the [1968 c. 20.] Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act 1968; and

    (d)

    orders under paragraph 12 of Schedule 3 to the [1976 c. 52.] Armed Forces Act 1976; and

  • “Service courts” means—

    (a)

    courts-martial constituted under the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955;

    (b)

    courts-martial constituted under the Naval Discipline Act 1957 and disciplinary courts constituted under section 50 of that Act;

    (c)

    the Courts-Martial Appeal Court; and

    (d)

    Standing Civilian Courts.

First-hand hearsay

2Sections 23 and 24 above shall have effect in relation to proceedings in the United Kingdom or elsewhere before Service courts with the substitution of the following sub-paragraph for section 23(2)(b)(i)—

(i)the person who made the statement is not in the country where the court is sitting; and.

Documentary evidence

3Section 25 above shall have effect in relation to proceedings in the United Kingdom or elsewhere before Service courts as if such proceedings were mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.

4In section 26 above—

(a)the reference to criminal proceedings in paragraph (a) includes summary proceedings under section 77 of the Army Act 1955, section 77 of the Air Force Act 1955 or section 49 of the Naval Discipline Act 1957; and

(b)in paragraph (b) “criminal investigation” includes any investigation which may lead—

(i)to proceedings before a court-martial or Standing Civilian Court; or

(ii)to summary proceedings such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) above.

5Without prejudice to the generality of any enactment conferring power to make them, procedural instruments may make such provision as appears to the authority making any of them to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of Part II of this Act.

Letters of request etc.

6(1)In section 29 above “criminal proceedings” does not include proceedings before a Service court, but the Secretary of State may by order make provision as to letters of request or corresponding documents for such proceedings.

(2)An order under this paragraph may make different provision for different classes of case.

(3)The power to make an order under this paragraph shall be exercisable by statutory instrument and a statutory instrument containing any such order shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of any enactment conferring power to make procedural instruments, procedural instruments may make such provision as appears to the authority making them to be necessary or expedient in relation to letters of request or corresponding documents for proceedings before a Service court.

Form of evidence and glossaries

7For the purpose of helping members—

(a)of courts-martial constituted under the [1955 c. 18.] Army Act 1955 or the [1955 c. 19.] Air Force Act 1955; or

(b)of courts-martial constituted under the [1957 c. 53.] Naval Discipline Act 1957 or disciplinary courts constituted under section 50 of that Act,

to understand complicated issues of fact or technical terms Rules of Procedure under section 103 of either of the first two of those Acts and General Orders under section 58 of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 may make provision—

(i)as to the furnishing of evidence in any form, notwithstanding the existence of admissible material from which the evidence to be given in that form would be derived; and

(ii)as to the furnishing of glossaries for such purposes as may be specified;

in any case where the court gives leave for, or requires, evidence or a glossary to be so furnished.

Use of television links

8(1)The Secretary of State may by order direct that section 32(1) to (3) above shall have effect in relation—

(a)to proceedings before Service courts; or

(b)to proceedings or proceedings of specified descriptions before Service courts in specified places.

(2)If an order is made under this paragraph—

(a)subsection (1) of section 32 above shall have effect in relation to any court to which the order applies with the substitution of the following paragraph for paragraph (a)—

(a)the witness is not in the country where the court is sitting; or; and

(b)subsection (2) of that section shall have effect in relation to any such court with the substitution, for each reference to an offence, of a reference to a civil offence under section 70 of the Army or the Air Force Act 1955 or section 42 of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 in relation to which the corresponding civil offence, within the meaning of those sections, is that offence.

(3)An order under this paragraph may provide that section 32(1), (2) or (3) above shall have effect in relation to any court to which the order applies subject to such modifications as may be specified in the order, in addition to the modifications for which sub-paragraph (2) above provides.

(4)The power to make an order conferred by this paragraph shall be exercisable by statutory instrument and a statutory instrument containing any such order shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(5)Without prejudice to the generality of any enactment conferring power to make procedural instruments, procedural instruments may make such provision as appears to the authority making them to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of section 32(1) to (3) above in their application to proceedings such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above by virtue of an order under that sub-paragraph.

(6)In this paragraph “modifications” includes additions, omissions and amendments.

Section 149.

SCHEDULE 14Body Samples – Northern Ireland

Scope of Schedule

1This Schedule applies—

(a)to an offence (whether at common law or under any enactment) specified in paragraph 2 below;

(b)to an offence specified in paragraph 3 below;

(c)to an offence not mentioned in either of those paragraphs—

(i)for which a person of 21 years of age or over and of full capacity (not previously convicted) may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term of five years; and

(ii)which is serious for the purposes of this Schedule.

2The offences mentioned in paragraph 1(a) above are—

(a)treason;

(b)murder;

(c)manslaughter;

(d)rape;

(e)kidnapping;

(f)incest with a girl under the age of 14;

(g)buggery with—

(i)a boy under the age of 16; or

(ii)a person who has not consented; and

(h)indecent assault which constitutes an act of gross indecency.

3The offences mentioned in paragraph 1(b) above are—

(a)causing an explosion likely to endanger life or property contrary to section 2 of the [1883 c. 3.] Explosives Substances Act 1883;

(b)intercourse with a girl under the age of 14 contrary to section 4 of the [1885 c. 69.] Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885;

(c)causing death by reckless driving contrary to Article 139(1) of the [S.I. 1981/154 (N.I.1).] Road Traffic (Northern Ireland) Order 1981;

(d)the following offences against the [S.I. 1981/155 (N.I.2).] Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order 1981—

(i)possession of firearm with intent to injure contrary to Article 17;

(ii)use of firearm or imitation firearm to resist arrest contrary to Article 18(1); and

(iii)carrying firearm with criminal intent contrary to Article 19;

(e)hostage-taking contrary to section 1 of the [1982 c. 28.] Taking of Hostages Act 1982;

(f)hi-jacking contrary to section 1 of the [1982 c. 36.] Aviation Security Act 1982; and

(g)torture contrary to section 134 above.

4(1)Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, an offence not mentioned in paragraph 2 or 3 above is serious for the purposes of this Schedule only if its commission—

(a)has led to any of the consequences mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) below; or

(b)is intended or is likely to lead to any of those consequences.

(2)An offence which consists of making a threat is serious for the purposes of this Schedule if carrying out the threat would be likely to lead to any of the consequences specified in sub-paragraph (3) below.

(3)The consequences mentioned in sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) above are—

(a)serious harm to the security of the State or to public order;

(b)serious interference with the administration of justice or with the investigation of offences or of a particular offence;

(c)the death of any person;

(d)serious injury to any person;

(e)substantial financial gain to any person; and

(f)serious financial loss to any person.

(4)Loss is serious for the purposes of this Schedule if, having regard to all the circumstances, it is serious for the person who suffers it.

(5)In this paragraph “injury” includes any disease and any impairment of a person’s physical or mental condition.

5A person arrested under section 12(1)(b) of the [1984 c. 8.] Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1984 is to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as having been arrested on suspicion of involvement in an offence to which this Schedule applies and any reference in the following provisions of this Schedule to such an offence includes a reference to being or having been concerned in the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism to which Part IV of that Act applies.

Interpretation

6(1)In this Schedule—

  • “appropriate consent” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a person who has attained the age of 17 years, the consent of that person;

    (b)

    in relation to a person who has not attained that age but has attained the age of 14 years, the consent of that person and his parent or guardian; and

    (c)

    in relation to a person who has not attained the age of 14 years, the consent of his parent or guardian;

  • “intimate sample” means a sample of blood, semen or any other tissue fluid, urine or pubic hair, or a swab taken from any of a person’s body orifices except his mouth;

  • “non-intimate sample” means—

    (a)

    a sample of hair other than pubic hair;

    (b)

    a sample taken from a nail or from under a nail;

    (c)

    a sample of saliva;

    (d)

    a swab taken from a person’s mouth;

    (e)

    a swab taken from any other part of a person’s body except a body orifice other than his mouth;

    (f)

    a footprint or a similar impression of any part of a person’s body other than a part of his hand;

  • “parent or guardian” means in the case of a child or young person in the care of the Department of Health and Social Services for Northern Ireland or a Health and Social Services Board, that Department or Board; and

  • “the terrorism provisions” means—

    (a)

    section 12(1) of the [1984 c. 8.] Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1984; and

    (b)

    any provision conferring a power of arrest or detention and contained in an order under section 13 of that Act.

(2)A person is in police detention for the purposes of this Schedule if—

(a)he has been taken to a police station after being arrested for an offence; or

(b)he is arrested at a police station after attending voluntarily at the station or accompanying a constable to it,

and is detained there or is detained elsewhere in the charge of a constable, except that a person who is at a court after being charged is not in police detention for those purposes.

Intimate samples

7(1)An intimate sample may be taken from a person in police detention only—

(a)if a police officer of at least the rank of superintendent authorises it to be taken; and

(b)if the appropriate consent is given.

(2)An officer may only give an authorisation if he has reasonable grounds—

(a)for suspecting the involvement of the person from whom the sample is to be taken in an offence to which this Schedule applies; and

(b)for believing that the sample will tend to confirm or disprove his involvement.

(3)An officer may give an authorisation under sub-paragraph (1) above orally or in writing but, if he gives it orally, he shall confirm it in writing as soon as is practicable.

(4)The appropriate consent must be given in writing.

(5)Where—

(a)an authorisation has been given; and

(b)it is proposed that an intimate sample shall be taken in pursuance of the authorisation,

an officer shall inform the person from whom the sample is to be taken—

(i)of the giving of the authorisation; and

(ii)of the grounds for giving it.

(6)The duty imposed by sub-paragraph (5)(ii) above includes a duty to state the nature of the offence in which it is suspected that the person from whom the sample is to be taken has been involved.

(7)If an intimate sample is taken from a person—

(a)the authorisation by virtue of which it was taken;

(b)the grounds for giving the authorisation; and

(c)the fact that the appropriate consent was given,

shall be recorded in writing as soon as is practicable after the sample is taken.

(8)An intimate sample, other than a sample of urine, may only be taken from a person by a registered medical practitioner.

(9)Where the appropriate consent to the taking of an intimate sample from a person was refused without good cause, in any proceedings against that person for an offence—

(a)the court, in determining—

(i)whether to commit that person for trial; or

(ii)whether there is a case to answer; and

(b)the court or jury, in determining whether that person is guilty of the offence charged,

may draw such inferences from the refusal as appear proper; and the refusal may, on the basis of such inferences, be treated as, or as capable of amounting to, corroboration of any evidence against the person in relation to which the refusal is material.

(10)Nothing in this paragraph affects Articles 141 to 152 of the [S.I. 1981/154 (N.I.1).] Road Traffic (Northern Ireland) Order 1981.

Other Samples

8(1)Except as provided by this paragraph, a non-intimate sample may not be taken from a person without the appropriate consent.

(2)Consent to the taking of a non-intimate sample must be given in writing.

(3)A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person without the appropriate consent if—

(a)he is in police detention or is being held in custody by the police on the authority of a court; and

(b)an officer of at least the rank of superintendent authorises it to be taken without the appropriate consent.

(4)An officer may only give an authorisation under sub-paragraph (3) above if he has reasonable grounds—

(a)for suspecting the involvement of the person from whom the sample is to be taken in an offence to which this Schedule applies; and

(b)for believing that the sample will tend to confirm or disprove his involvement.

(5)An officer may give an authorisation under sub-paragraph (3) above orally or in writing but, if he gives it orally, he shall confirm it in writing as soon as is practicable.

(6)Where—

(a)an authorisation has been given; and

(b)it is proposed that a non-intimate sample shall be taken in pursuance of the authorisation,

an officer shall inform the person from whom the sample is to be taken—

(i)of the giving of the authorisation; and

(ii)of the grounds for giving it.

(7)The duty imposed by sub-paragraph (6)(ii) above includes a duty to state the nature of the offence in which it is suspected that the person from whom the sample is to be taken has been involved.

(8)If a non-intimate sample is taken from a person by virtue of sub-paragraph (3) above—

(a)the authorisation by virtue of which it was taken; and

(b)the grounds for giving the authorisation,

shall be recorded in writing as soon as is practicable after the sample is taken.

Destruction of samples

9(1)If—

(a)a sample is taken from a person in connection with the investigation of an offence; and

(b)he is cleared of that offence,

it must be destroyed as soon as is practicable after the conclusion of the proceedings.

(2)If—

(a)a sample is taken from a person in connection with such an investigation; and

(b)it is decided that he shall not be prosecuted for the offence and he has not admitted it and been dealt with by way of being cautioned by a constable,

it must be destroyed as soon as is practicable after that decision is taken.

(3)If—

(a)a sample is taken from a person in connection with the investigation of an offence; and

(b)that person is not suspected of having committed the offence,

it must be destroyed as soon as it has fulfilled the purpose for which it was taken.

(4)Proceedings which are discontinued are to be treated as concluded for the purpose of this paragraph.

(5)Nothing in this paragraph—

(a)affects any power conferred by paragraph 18(2) of Schedule 2 to the [1971 c. 77.] Immigration Act 1971; or

(b)applies to a person arrested or detained under the terrorism provisions.

Section 170.

SCHEDULE 15Minor and Consequential Amendments

Criminal Law Act 1826 (c. 64)

1Section 30 of the Criminal Law Act 1826 (which enables a court to order payment of compensation to relatives of a man killed in endeavouring to make an arrest) shall cease to have effect.

Offences against the Person Act 1861 (c. 100)

2The Offences against the Person Act 1861 shall be amended as follows.

3There shall be omitted from section 44 (certificates as to cases of assault or battery) the word “such”, in the first place where it occurs, and the words “under either of the last two preceding sections,”.

4In section 45 (bars to further proceedings) for the words “in either of the last three preceding sections mentioned” there shall be substituted the words “is mentioned in section 44 of this Act”.

Bankruptcy Act 1914 (c. 59)

5Section 28 of the Bankruptcy Act 1914 (effect of order of discharge) shall have effect as if amounts payable under confiscation orders were debts excepted under subsection (1)(a) of that section.

Land Registration Act 1925 (c. 21)

6In section 49(1)(g) of the Land Registration Act 1925 (protection of certain interests by notice) for the words “or the Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986” there shall be substituted the words “, the Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986 or the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

7In section 112A(1) of that Act (inspection in connection with criminal proceedings), after the word “Prosecutions,” there shall be inserted the words “the Director of the Serious Fraud Office”.

This paragraph shall cease to have effect on the day appointed under section 3(2) of the Land Registration Act 1988 for the coming into force of that Act.

Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12)

8In Schedule 1 to the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (offences against children and young persons with respect to which special provisions of the Act apply) after the third paragraph there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

Common assault, or battery..

9References in that Act to the offences mentioned in Schedule 1 to the Act shall include offences under Part I of the [1984 c. 37.] Child Abduction Act 1984.

Administration of Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1933 (c. 36)

10The following paragraph shall be substituted for paragraph (iA) of the proviso to subsection (2) of section 2 of the Administration of Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1933 (procedures for indictment of offenders)—

(iA)in a case to which paragraph (aa) above applies, the bill of indictment may include, either in substitution for or in addition to any count charging an offence specified in the notice of transfer, any counts founded on material that accompanied the copy of that notice which, in pursuance of regulations under section 5(9) of the Criminal Justice Act 1987, was given to the person charged, being counts which may lawfully be joined in the same indictment;.

Prison Act 1952 (c. 52)

11The following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 43 of the Prison Act 1952—

(aa)young offender institutions, that is to say places for the detention of offenders sentenced to detention in a young offender institution;.

12In subsection (3) of that section, for the word “or” there shall be substituted the words “and a person aged 17 years or over may be detained in such a centre”.

Visiting Forces Act 1952 (c. 67)

13In section 5 of the Visiting Forces Act l952 (custody of offenders against United Kingdom law)—

(a)for each of the references in subsections (2) and (4) to section 43 of the Magistrates' [1980 c. 43.] Courts Act l980 there shall be substituted references to Part IV of the Police and Criminal [1984 c. 60.] Evidence Act l984; and

(b)the following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (3)—

(3)In the application of subsection (2) of this section to Scotland,—

(a)for the first reference to Part IV of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 there shall be substituted a reference to section 32(3) of the [1975 c. 21.] Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975; and

(b)for the words “in accordance with the said Part IV, be released on bail or” there shall be substituted the words “if not liberated under section 294(2) of that Act, be”..

14(1)In subsection (1) of section 12 of that Act, in the definition of “visiting force”, after the words “United Kingdom”, in the first place where they occur, there shall be inserted the words “(including United Kingdom territorial waters), or in any place to which subsection (1A) below applies,”.

(2)The following subsection shall be inserted after that subsection—

(1A)This subsection applies to any place on, under or above an installation in a designated area within the meaning of section 1(7) of the [1964 c. 29.] Continental Shelf Act 1964 or any waters within 500 metres of such an installation..

15—In paragraphs 1(a) and 2(a) of the Schedule, after the word “rape,” there shall be inserted the word “, torture”.

Backing of Warrants (Republic of Ireland) Act 1965 (c. 45)

16In paragraph 4 of the Schedule to the Backing of Warrants (Republic of Ireland) Act 1965 (powers as to costs and legal aid) for the words from “section 1” to “central funds)” there shall be substituted the words “sections 16(1) and 17(1) of the [1985 c. 23.] Prosecution of Offences Act 1985”.

Criminal Justice Act 1967 (c. 80)

17The Criminal Justice Act 1967 shall be amended as follows.

18In section 62—

(a)in subsection (10) (subsequent release of prisoner whose licence has been revoked) for the words “one year” there shall be substituted the words “the specified period”; and

(b)the following subsection shall be inserted after that subsection—

(10A)In subsection (10) above “the specified period” has the same meaning as in section 60(1) above..

19In subsection (6) of section 67 (computation of sentences) for “(1)” there shall be substituted “(1A)”.

Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (c. 19)

20The Criminal Appeal Act 1968 shall be amended as follows.

21Section 9 shall be renumbered so as to become section 9(1); and at the end of the resulting subsection (1) there shall be added the following subsection—

(2)A person who on conviction on indictment has also been convicted of a summary offence under section 41 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (power of Crown Court to deal with summary offence where person committed for either way offence) may appeal to the Court of Appeal against any sentence passed on him for the summary offence (whether on his conviction or in subsequent proceedings) under subsection (7) of that section.

22(1)In subsection (2)(b) of section 10 (proceedings from which an appeal against sentence lies to Court of Appeal)—

(a)after the words “probation order” there shall be inserted the words “, a community service order”; and

(b)before the words “suspended sentence” there shall be inserted the words “wholly or partly”.

(2)In subsection (4) of that section, after the word “section” there shall be inserted the words “and section 11 of this Act”.

23(1)In subsection (2) of section 11 (supplementary provisions as to appeal against sentence) after “9” there shall be inserted “(1)”.

(2)The following subsections shall be inserted after that subsection—

(2A)Where following conviction on indictment a person has been convicted under section 41 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 of a summary offence an appeal or application for leave to appeal against any sentence for the offence triable either way shall be treated also as an appeal or application in respect of any sentence for the summary offence and an appeal or application for leave to appeal against any sentence for the summary offence shall be treated also as an appeal or application in respect of the offence triable either way.

(2B)If the appellant or applicant was convicted on indictment of two or more offences triable either way, the references to the offence triable either way in subsection (2A) above are to be construed, in relation to any summary offence of which he was convicted under section 41 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 following the conviction on indictment, as references to the offence triable either way specified in the notice relating to that summary offence which was given under subsection (2) of that section.

24The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (4) of that section—

(4)The power of the Court of Appeal under subsection (3) of this section to pass a sentence which the court below had power to pass for an offence shall, notwithstanding that the court below made no order under section 23(1) of the [1973 c. 62.] Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 or section 47(4) of the [1977 c. 45.] Criminal Law Act 1977 in respect of a suspended or partly suspended sentence previously passed on the appellant for another offence, include power to deal with him in respect of that sentence where the court below made no order in respect of it..

25The following section shall be inserted after section 18—

18AAppeals in cases of contempt of court

(1)A person who wishes to appeal under section 13 of the [1960 c. 65.] Administration of Justice Act 1960 from any order or decision of the Crown Court in the exercise of jurisdiction to punish for contempt of court shall give notice of appeal in such manner as may be directed by rules of court.

(2)Notice of appeal shall be given within twenty-eight days from the date of the order or decision appealed against.

(3)The time for giving notice under this section may be extended, either before or after its expiry, by the Court of Appeal..

26In subsection (1) of section 19 (bail)—

(a)in paragraph (b), the words “or paragraph (a) above” shall be inserted after “1981”; and

(b)in paragraph (c), the words “either of those paragraphs” shall be substituted for the words “that paragraph”.

27In section 29(2)(b) (circumstances in which there may not be a direction that time spent in custody is not to be reckoned as part of any sentence) for the words “under section 1 of this Act” there shall be substituted the words under—

(i)section 1 or 11(1A) of this Act; or

(ii)section 81(1B) of the [1981 c. 54.] Supreme Court Act 1981.

28The following section shall be substituted for section 30—

30Restitution of property

(1)The operation of an order for the restitution of property to a person made by the Crown Court shall, unless the Court direct to the contrary in any case in which, in their opinion, the title to the property is not in dispute, be suspended until (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to appeal out of time) there is no further possibility of an appeal on which the order could be varied or set aside, and provision may be made by rules of court for the custody of any property in the meantime.

(2)The Court of Appeal may by order annul or vary any order made by the court of trial for the restitution of property to any person, although the conviction is not quashed; and the order, if annulled, shall not take effect and, if varied, shall take effect as so varied.

(3)Where the House of Lords restores a conviction, it may make any order for the restitution of property which the court of trial could have made.

29The following shall be substituted for the words in section 31 from the beginning of subsection (1) to “powers” in subsection (2)—

(1)There may be exercised by a single judge in the same manner as by the Court of Appeal and subject to the same provisions—

(a)the powers of the Court of Appeal under this Part of this Act specified in subsection (2) below;

(b)the power to give directions under section 4(4) of the [1976 c. 23.] Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976; and

(c)the powers to make orders for the payment of costs under sections 16 to 18 of the [1985 c. 23.] Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 in proceedings under this Part of this Act.

(2)The powers mentioned in subsection (1) (a) above.

30The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (2A) of that section—

(2B)The power of the Court of Appeal to grant leave to appeal under section 159 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 may be exercised by a single judge in the same manner as it may be exercised by the Court.

31The following shall be substituted in the first subsection of section 44 for the words from the beginning to “judge”, in the first place where it occurs—

(1)There may be exercised by a single judge—

(a)the powers of the Court of Appeal under this Part of this Act—

(i)to extend the time for making an application for leave to appeal;

(ii)to make an order for or in relation to bail; and

(iii)to give leave for a person to be present at the hearing of any proceedings preliminary or incidental to an appeal; and

(b)their powers to make orders for the payment of costs under sections 16 and 17 of the [1985 c. 23.] Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 in proceedings under this Part of this Act..

32The following paragraph shall be inserted after paragraph 1 of Schedule 2 (orders for retrial)—

1ASubject to paragraph 1 above, evidence given orally at the original trial must be given orally at the retrial..

Theft Act 1968 (c. 60)

33In subsection (5) of section 28 of the Theft Act 1968 (orders for restitution) for the words from “sections” to the end there shall be substituted the words “section 30 of the [1968 c. 19.] Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (which relates to the effect on such orders of appeals)”.

Genocide Act 1969 (c. 12)

34In subsection (2) of section 2 of the Genocide Act 1969 (genocide offences etc. not to be regarded as political) for the words “and the [1965 c. 45] Backing of Warrants (Republic of Ireland) Act 1965” there shall be substituted the words “, the Backing of Warrants (Republic of Ireland) Act 1965 and Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (c. 54)

35In subsection (1) of section 20A of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (power of court to add condition as to charge and control of offender in care), at the end of the first paragraph (b) there shall be inserted the words or

(c)by virtue of section 15(1) of this Act in a case where—

(i)the supervision order for which the care order was substituted was made under section 7(7) of this Act; and

(ii)the offence in respect of which the supervision order was made was punishable with imprisonment in the case of a person over 21,.

36In section 29 of that Act (recognisance on release of arrested child or young person) the words “he or” shall cease to have effect.

Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971 (c. 62)

37(1)In section 8(2) of the Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1971 (which excepts certain tribunals from the requirement of concurrence to the exercise of a power to remove tribunal members), after “5A” there shall be inserted “, 5B,”.

(2)In Schedule 1 to that Act (list of tribunals under the direct supervision of the Council on Tribunals) the following entry shall be inserted after the entry the first column of which reads “Commons”—

Criminal injuries compensation.5B. The Criminal Injuries Compensation Board constituted under Part VII of the Criminal Justice Act 1988..

Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 (c. 62)

38The Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 shall be amended as follows.

39In subsection (1) of section 34A (power of Crown Court to order search of persons before it)—

(a)in paragraph (c), the words “other than an order under section 35 of this Act;” shall cease to have effect; and

(b)the following paragraph shall be inserted after that paragraph—

(cc)the Crown Court makes an order against a person under section 35 of this Act;.

40The following subsection shall be substituted for section 35(4)—

(4)In determining whether to make a compensation order against any person, and in determining the amount to be paid by any person under such an order, it shall be the duty of the court—

(a)to have regard to his means so far as they appear or are known to the court; and

(b)in a case where it is proposed to make against him both a compensation order and a confiscation order under Part VI of the Criminal Justice Act 1988, also to have regard to its duty under section 72(7) of that Act (duty where the court considers that the offender’s means are insufficient to satisfy both orders in full to order the payment out of sums recovered under the confiscation order of sums due under the compensation order).

41In subsection (4)(b) of section 43 (power to deprive offender of property) for the words from “or” to the end there shall be substituted the words “or, where an order is made under subsection (1)(a) above, that he did not know, and had no reason to suspect, that the property was likely to be used for the purpose mentioned in that paragraph”.

42In sub-paragraph (2A)(b) of paragraph 3 (which empowers a probation committee to provide certain facilities) of Schedule 3 for the words “subsection (3C) of that section,” there shall be substituted the words “section 12A(3) of that Act,”.

Legal Aid Act 1974 (c. 4)

43In section 28(7A) of the Legal Aid Act 1974 for the words “the person charged” there shall be substituted “a person to whom the notice relates”.

Juries Act 1974 (c. 23)

44In subsection (1) of section 3 of the Juries Act 1974 (electoral register as basis of jury selection) for “sixty five” there shall be substituted “seventy”.

45In section 6(1) of that Act (summoning of jury in exceptional circumstances) for the word “refusals” there shall be substituted the word “excusals”.

46In section 20(4) of that Act (offences) after the word “excusal” there shall be inserted the words “or deferral”.

Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (c. 53)

47In section 1(2)(a) of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (failure to pay fines etc. not to prevent a person from becoming rehabilitated) the reference to a fine or other sum adjudged to be paid by or imposed on a conviction does not include a reference to an amount payable under a confiscation order.

Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (c. 21)

48In each of sections 171 and 368 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (which make provision as to the presumption and determination of the ages of children) in subsection (3) for the words “and (d)” there shall be substituted the words “(d) and (e)”.

49In section 289G of that Act (which creates the standard scale and amends certain enactments accordingly) in subsection (13) (inserted by section 66 of the [1987 c. 41.] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987)—

(a)after the word “is” there shall be inserted “(a)”;

(b)for the words from “1987” there shall be substituted—

(b)under any instrument (however framed or worded) made by virtue of such an enactment,

a power to provide by subordinate instrument that a person, as regards any summary offence (whether or not created by the instrument) shall be liable on conviction to a fine, a person may be so made liable to a fine not exceeding a specified level on the standard scale..

50In Schedule 1 to that Act (which lists offences against children under the age of 17 years to which special provisions apply) after paragraph (a) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(aa)any offence under section 80(7) of the [1980 c. 62.] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1980 (commission of a homosexual act in certain circumstances).

51In the said Schedule 1 after paragraph (d) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(e)any offence involving the use of lewd, indecent or libidinous practice or behaviour towards a child under the age of 17 years.

Bail Act 1976 (c. 63)

52In section 2(2) the following definitions shall be inserted before the definition of “child”—

“bail hostel” and “probation hostel” have the same meanings as in the [1973 c. 62.] Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973,.

Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976 (c. 82)

53(1)The Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976 shall have effect subject to the following amendments (which relate to Northern Ireland).

(2)In section 5(1)(b), for the word “both” there shall be substituted the word “all”.

(3)In section 7(6), for the words from “(including” to “6(4)(b))” there shall be substituted the words “and to such a publication or broadcast or inclusion in a cable programme in Northern Ireland as is mentioned in section 4(1) as adapted by section 5(1)(b)”.

Internationally Protected Persons Act 1978 (c. 17)

54The following sections shall be substituted for section 3 of the Internationally Protected Persons Act 1978—

3Extradition under 1870 Act

(1)An offence under section 1(3)(a) of this Act shall be deemed to be included in the list of extradition crimes in Schedule 1 to the [1870 c. 52.] Extradition Act 1870.

(2)for the purposes of that Act any act, wherever committed, which is any of the following offences—

(a)an offence mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 1 of this Act which is committed against a protected person within the meaning of that section;

(b)an offence mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection which is committed in connection with such an attack as is so mentioned;

(c)an attempt to commit an offence mentioned in the preceding paragraphs; or

(d)an offence under section 1(3) of this Act,

and an offence against the law of any State in the case of which the [1870 c. 52.] Extradition Act 1870 is applied by an Order in Council under section 2 of that Act shall be deemed to be an offence committed within the jurisdiction of that State.

3AExtradition under Part I of Criminal Justice Act 1988

(1)Where—

(a)no such arrangement as is mentioned in section 2 of the Extradition Act 1870 has been made with a State which is a party to the Convention mentioned in the title to this Act; and

(b)general extradition arrangements have not been made with that State under Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988,

Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) below shall apply as between the United Kingdom and that State, subject to the limitations, restrictions, exceptions and qualifications, if any, contained in the Order, as if the Convention constituted general extradition arrangements made with that State under Part I of that Act, but only in respect of the following offences—

(i)an offence mentioned in section 3(2)(a) or (b) above;

(ii)an attempt to commit such an offence;

(iii)counselling, procuring, commanding, aiding or abetting such an offence;

(iv)being accessory before or after the fact to such an offence; and

(v)an offence under section 1(3) of this Act.

(2)The provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

(a)section 1(1) to (8);

(b)sections 3 to 10; and

(c)sections 12 to 18.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may not provide that a court dealing with a person arrested for an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above shall not be under a duty to determine whether the evidence would be sufficient to warrant his trial if the offence had taken place within the jurisdiction of the court.

(4)For the purposes of the provisions of that Act specified in subsection (2) above, in their application by virtue of an Order in Council under this section as between the United Kingdom and any other State, any act or omission, wherever it takes place, which is—

(a)an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above; and

(b)an offence against the law of that State,

shall be deemed to be an offence committed within the territory of that State.

55The following subsections shall be substituted for section 4(1) of that Act—

(1)Sections 17 and 22 of the [1870 c. 52.] Extradition Act 1870 shall extend to section 3 above.

(1A)Sections 19 and 20 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 shall extend to section 3A above..

Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 (c. 23)

56In section 49(6) of the Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 (variation of sentences) after the word “appeal)” there shall be inserted the words “and for the purposes of paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (time limit for notice of an application for leave to refer a case under section 36 of that Act.)”.

Suppression of Terrorism Act 1978 (c. 26)

57The words “or Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988” shall be inserted after the words “the Extradition Act 1870” in sections 1(3)(a) and 5(1)(b) of the Suppression of Terrorism Act 1978.

Interpretation Act 1978 (c. 30)

58In Schedule 1 to the Interpretation Act l978—

(a)after the definition of “Sheriff” there shall be inserted—

“The standard scale”, with reference to a fine or penalty for an offence triable only summarily,—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, has the meaning given by section 37 of the Criminal Justice [1982 c. 48.] Act l982;

(b)in relation to Scotland, has the meaning given by section 289G of the Criminal [1975 c. 21.] Procedure (Scotland) Act l975;

(c)in relation to Northern Ireland, has the meaning given by Article 5 of the [S.I. 1984/703 (N.I. 3).] Fines and Penalties (Northern Ireland) Order 1984.;

(b)after the definition of “Statutory declaration” there shall be inserted—

“Statutory maximum”, with reference to a fine or penalty on summary conviction for an offence,—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, means the prescribed sum within the meaning of section 32 of the Magistrates' [1980 c. 43.] Courts Act l980;

(b)in relation to Scotland, means the prescribed sum within the meaning of section 289B(6) of the [1975 c. 21.] Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act l975; and

(c)in relation to Northern Ireland, means the prescribed sum within the meaning of Article 4 of the Fines and Penalties (Northern Ireland) Order l984..

59In the definition of “offence triable either way” in that Schedule, after the word “offence”, in the second place where it occurs, there shall be inserted the words “, other than an offence triable on indictment only by virtue of Part V of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

Protection of Children Act 1978 (c. 37)

60The Protection of Children Act 1978 shall be amended as follows.

61(1)In subsection (1) of section 4 (entry, search and seizure) for the words from “are” to the end there shall be substituted the words “is an indecent photograph of a child”.

(2)In subsection (2) of that section the words from “taken” to the end shall cease to have effect.

62(1)In subsection (2) of section 5 (forfeiture) the words from “taken” to “distributed or shown,” shall cease to have effect.

(2)In subsection (6) of that section, after “1(1)” there shall be inserted “or section 160 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

Justices of the Peace Act 1979 (c. 55)

63At the end of subsection (1)(b) of section 61 of the Justices of the Peace Act 1979 (application of fines and fees) there shall be added the words “and sums paid into court in pursuance of orders under section 35 of the [1973 c. 62.] Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 (compensation orders)”.

Child Care Act 1980 (c. 5)

64In section 73(1)(b) of the Child Care Act 1980 (places of safety etc.) for the words “section 38(7)” there shall be substituted the words “section 38(6)”.

Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43)

65The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 shall be amended as follows.

66In section 6(5) (display of notice of committal or discharge) for the words from “section” to the end there shall be substituted the words “section 4 of the [1976 c. 82.] Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976 (anonymity of complainant in rape etc. cases)”.

67In subsection (1) of section 37 (committal to Crown Court for sentence), for the words “nor more than 16” there shall be substituted the words “but under 17”.

68At the end of subsection (8) of section 102 (written statement before examining justices) there shall be added the words “and section 40 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (power to join in indictment count for common assault etc.) shall be given a corresponding construction”.

69(1)In subsection (3A) of section 128 (remand in custody without accused being brought before court)—

(a)after the word “custody” there shall be inserted the words “and the remand was not a remand under section 128A below for a period exceeding 8 clear days,”; and

(b)after the word “him” there shall be inserted the words “(otherwise than in the exercise of the power conferred by that section)”.

(2)In subsection (6) of that section (which lists the cases in which a magistrates' court may remand a person for a period exceeding 8 clear days) for the word “section”, in the first place where it occurs, there shall be substituted the words “sections 128A and”.

70The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (2) of section 133 (limit on length of imprisonment or youth custody where consecutive terms are imposed)—

(2A)In relation to the imposition of terms of detention in a young offender institution subsection (2) above shall have effect as if the reference to an offence triable either way were a reference to such an offence or an offence triable only on indictment..

Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act 1980 (c. 47)

71The Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act 1980 shall be amended as follows.

72The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (4) of section 10 (supplementary provisions as to appeals against sentence)—

(4)The power of the Court under section 4(2) of this Act or subsection (3) above to pass a sentence which the Crown Court has power to pass for an offence shall, notwithstanding that the Crown Court made no order under section 19(1) of the [1968 c. 29 (N.I.).] Treatment of Offenders Act (Northern Ireland) 1968 in respect of a suspended sentence or order for detention previously passed or made on or in relation to the appellant for another offence, include power to deal with the appellant in respect of that sentence or order for detention where the Crown Court made no order in respect of it..

73The following section shall be inserted after section 16—

16AAppeals in cases of contempt of court

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, a person who wishes to appeal under section 44 of the 1978 c. 23.Judicature (Northern Ireland) Act 1978 from any order or decision of the Crown Court in the exercise of jurisdiction to punish for contempt of court shall give notice of appeal in the prescribed manner within twenty-eight days from the date of the order or decision appealed against.

(2)The time for giving notice under this section may be extended either before or after its expiry by the Court..

74The following section shall be substituted for section 17—

17Bail

(1)The Court of Appeal may, if it thinks fit—

(a)grant an appellant bail pending the determination of his appeal; or

(b)vary the conditions of bail granted to an appellant in the exercise of the power conferred by paragraph (a) above; or

(c)revoke bail granted to an appellant under paragraph (a) above.

(2)The powers conferred by subsection (1) above may be exercised—

(a)on the application of the appellant; or

(b)if it appears to the Master that any of them ought to be exercised, on a reference to the court by him..

75The following section shall be substituted for section 18—

18Groundless appeals or applications for leave to appeal

If it appears to the Master that a notice of appeal or of application for leave to appeal under this Part of this Act does not show any substantial ground of appeal, he may refer the appeal or application for leave to the Court of Appeal for summary determination; and the Court may then, if it considers that the appeal or application for leave is frivolous or vexatious, and can be determined without adjourning the proceedings for a full hearing, dismiss the appeal or application for leave summarily without calling on any one to attend the hearing or to appear for the Crown thereon..

76(1)In section 44(1) (constitution of Court of Appeal on appeals or references), after the word “Act” there shall be inserted the words “or section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

(2)In section 44(4)(b) (judge of the Court of Appeal not to hear or determine applications relating to reference under section 14 or 15 where he was the trial judge), after the word “Act” there shall be inserted the words “or section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988.”.

77The following paragraph shall be substituted for section 45(2)(d)—

(d)to exercise the powers conferred by section 17 of this Act;.

78The following subsection shall be inserted after section 45(3)—

(3A)The power of the Court of Appeal to grant leave to appeal under section 159 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 may be exercised by a single judge in the same manner as it may be exercised by the Court..

Supreme Court Act 1981 (c. 54)

79In the proviso to section 47(5) of the Supreme Court Act 1981 (variation of sentences) after the word “appeal)” there shall be inserted the words “and for the purposes of paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (time limit for notice of an application for leave to refer a case under section 36 of that Act)”.

80The following paragraph shall be inserted after subsection (4)(a) of section 55 of that Act (constitution of criminal division of Court of Appeal)—

(aa)reviewing sentencing under Part IV of the Criminal Justice Act 1988;.

Civil Aviation Act 1982 (c. 16)

81The following sections shall be inserted after section 93 of the Civil Aviation Act 1982—

93AExtradition under Part I of Criminal Justice Act 1988

(1)Where—

(a)no such arrangement as is mentioned in section 2 of the [1870 c. 52.] Extradition Act 1870 has been made with a Convention country; and

(b)general extradition arrangements have not been made with that country under Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988,

Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) below shall apply as between the United Kingdom and that country, subject to the limitations, restrictions, exceptions and qualifications, if any, contained in the Order, as if the Convention constituted general extradition arrangements made with that country under Part I of that Act, but only in respect of the following offences—

(i)an offence committed on board an aircraft in flight registered in that country;

(ii)an attempt to commit such an offence;

(iii)counselling, procuring, commanding, aiding or abetting such an offence; and

(iv)being accessory before or after the fact to such an offence.

(2)The provision of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

(a)section 1(1) to (8);

(b)sections 3 to 10; and

(c)sections 12 to 18.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may not provide that a court dealing with a person arrested for an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above shall not be under a duty to determine whether the evidence would be sufficient to warrant his trial if the offence had taken place within the jurisdiction of the court.

(4)Subsections (4) and (5) of section 92 above shall apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section.

93BExtradition under 1870 Act

(1)Sections 17 and 22 of the Extradition Act 1870 shall extend to section 93 above.

(2)Sections 19 and 20 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 shall extend to section 93A above and to section 92(4) and (5) above as they apply for the purposes of section 93A above..

Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (c. 27)

82In section 18(4A) of the Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (exception from provisions regulating the enforcement of UK judgments in other parts of the United Kingdom in respect of the enforcement in Scotland of High Court orders made under the [1986 c. 32.] Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986), after “1986” there shall be inserted the words “or Part VI of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (confiscation of the proceeds of offences)”.

Taking of Hostages Act 1982 (c. 28)

83The following section shall be inserted after section 3 of the Taking of Hostages Act 1982—

3AExtradition under Part I of Criminal Justice Act 1988

(1)Where—

(a)no such arrangement as is mentioned in section 2 of the Extradition Act 1870 has been made with a State which is a party to the Convention; and

(b)general extradition arrangements have not been made with that State under Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988,

Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) below shall apply as between the United Kingdom and that State, subject to the limitations, restrictions, exceptions and qualifications, if any, contained in the Order, as if the Convention constituted general extradition arrangements made with that State under Part I of that Act, but only in respect of the following offences—

(i)an offence under this Act;

(ii)an attempt to commit such an offence;

(iii)counselling, procuring, commanding, aiding or abetting such an offence; and

(iv)being accessory before or after the fact to such an offence.

(2)The provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

(a)section 1(1) to (8);

(b)sections 3 to 10; and

(c)sections 12 to 18.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may not provide that a court dealing with a person arrested for an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above shall not be under a duty to determine whether the evidence would be sufficient to warrant his trial if the offence had taken place within the jurisdiction of the court.

(4)For the purposes of the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) above, in their application by virtue of an Order in Council under this section as between the United Kingdom and any other State, any act or omission, wherever it takes place, which is—

(a)an offence mentioned in subsection (a) above; and

(b)an offence against the law of that State,

shall be deemed to be an offence committed within the territory of that State.

(5)In this section “the Convention” means the International Convention against the Taking of Hostages opened for signature at New York on 18 December 1979.

84The following subsections shall be substituted for section 5(1) of that Act—

(1)Sections 17 and 22 of the [1870 c. 52.] Extradition Act 1870 shall extend to section 3(1) and (4) above.

(1A)Sections 19 and 20 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 shall extend to section 3A above.

Aviation Security Act 1982 (c. 36)

85The Aviation Security Act 1982 shall be amended as follows.

86In subsection (3) of section 9, after the word “above” there shall be inserted the words “and of section 9A below”.

87The following section shall be inserted after that section—

9AExtradition under Part I of Criminal Justice Act 1988

(1)Where—

(a)no such arrangement as is mentioned in section 2 of the Extradition Act 1870 has been made with a State which is a party to a relevant Convention; and

(b)general extradition arrangements have not been made with that State under Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988,

Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) below shall apply as between the United Kingdom and that State, subject to the limitations, restrictions, exceptions and qualifications, if any, contained in the Order, as if the relevant Convention constituted general extradition arrangements made with that State under Part I of that Act, but only in respect of the following offences—

(i)offences which are offences in pursuance of that Convention;

(ii)an attempt to commit such an offence;

(iii)counselling, procuring, commanding, aiding or abetting such an offence; and

(iv)being accessory before or after the fact to such an offence.

(2)The provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

(a)section 1(1) to (8);

(b)sections 3 to 10; and

(c)sections 12 to 18.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may not provide that a court dealing with a person arrested for an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above shall not be under a duty to determine whether the evidence would be sufficient to warrant his trial if the offence had taken place within the jurisdiction of the court.

(4)For the purposes of the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) above, in their application by virtue of an Order in Council under this section as between the United Kingdom and any other State any act or omission, wherever it takes place, which falls within section 9(4) of this Act shall be deemed to be an offence committed within the territory of that State..

88The following subsections shall be substituted for section 39(1) of that Act—

(1)Sections 17 and 22 of the Extradition Act 1870 shall extend to section 9 above.

(1A)Sections 19 and 20 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 shall extend to section 9A above and to section 9 above as amended by the Criminal Justice Act 1988..

Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 (c. 45)

89In subsection (7) of section 52 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 after the word “thereof)” there shall be inserted the words “and in Part III of the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 (children in need of compulsory measures of care)”.

Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48)

90At the end of section 15(11) of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 (offence of failing to comply with supervision requirements) there shall be added (but not as part of paragraph (b)) the words “but not liable to be dealt with in any other way”.

91At the end of part II of Schedule 1 to that Act there shall be added—

CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT 1988 (c. 33)

26Section 134 (torture).

Transport Act 1982 (c. 49)

92(1)In subsection (1) of section 34 (endorsement of licences without hearings) and subsections (1) and (3) of section 35 of the Transport Act 1982 (licence receipts), after the word “constable” (in each place) there shall be inserted the words “or authorised person”.

(2)The following subsection shall be added after subsection (10) of that section—

(11)In this section and section 35 below “authorised person” has the meaning assigned to it by section 28(5) above.

93(1)In subsection (1) of section 47 of that Act (evidence in fixed penalty notice cases) after the word “constable”, in the second place where it occurs, there shall be inserted the words “or authorised person”.'

(2)The following subsection shall be inserted after that subsection—

(1A)In subsection (1) above “authorised person” has the meaning assigned to it by section 28(5) above..

94In section 50(1) of that Act, in the definition of “chief officer of police”, after the word “means” there shall be inserted the words “, except in section 28(5) above,”.

Nuclear Material (Offences) Act 1983 (c. 18)

95The following section shall be inserted after section 5 of the Nuclear Material (Offences) Act 1983 (extradition)—

5AExtradition under Part I of Criminal Justice Act 1988

(1)Where—

(a)no such arrangement as is mentioned in section 2 of the Extradition Act 1870 has been made with a State which is a party to the Convention; and

(b)general extradition arrangements have not been made with that State under Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988,

Her Majesty may by Order in Council direct that the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) below shall apply as between the United Kingdom and that State, subject to the limitations, restrictions, exceptions and qualifications, if any, contained in the Order, as if the Convention constituted general extradition arrangements made with that State under Part I of the Criminal Justice Act 1988, but only in respect of the following offences—

(i)an offence mentioned in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d) of subsection (1) of section 1 of this Act which is committed by doing an act in relation to or by means of nuclear material;

(ii)an offence under section 2 of this Act;

(iii)an attempt to commit an offence mentioned in paragraph (i) or (ii) above;

(iv)counselling, procuring, commanding, aiding or abetting such an offence; and

(v)being accessory before or after the fact to such an offence.

(2)The provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 mentioned in subsection (1) above are—

(a)section 1(1) to (8);

(b)sections 3 to 10; and

(c)sections 12 to 18.

(3)An Order in Council under this section may not provide that a court dealing with a person arrested for an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above shall not be under a duty to determine whether the evidence would be sufficient to warrant his trial if the offence had taken place within the jurisdiction of the court.

(4)For the purposes of the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 specified in subsection (2) above, in their application by virtue of an Order in Council under this section as between the United Kingdom and any other State, any act wherever committed, which is—

(a)an offence mentioned in subsection (1) above; and

(b)an offence against the law of that State,

shall be deemed to be an offence committed within the territory of that State.

(5)In this section and section 6 below “the Convention” means the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material opened for signature at Vienna and New York on 3 March 1980..

96The following subsections shall be substituted for section 7(1) of that Act—

(1)Sections 17 and 22 of the Extradition Act 1870 shall extend to section 5 above.

(1A)Sections 19 and 20 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 shall extend to section 5A above.

Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60)

97The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 shall be amended as follows.

98At the end of subsection (3)(b) of section 24 (arrest) there shall be added the words “other than an offence under section 12(1) of the Theft Act 1968”.

99In section 55(1) (intimate searches) for the words “such a search” there shall be substituted the words “an intimate search”.

100In section 65, in the definition of “intimate samples”, for the word “orifice” there shall be substituted the word “orifices”.

101In section 120 (extent) the second of the two subsections numbered as subsection (9) shall be re-numbered as subsection (9A).

102At the end of Schedule 5 to that Act there shall be added—

Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33)

9Section 134 (Torture).

Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (c. 23)

103The following paragraph shall be inserted after subsection (4)(a) of section 16 of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (defence costs)—

(aa)directs under section 8(1B) of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 the entry of a judgment and verdict of acquittal;.

104In subsection (11) of section 22 of that Act (power of Secretary of State to set time limits in relation to preliminary steps of criminal proceedings), at the end of paragraph (b) of the definition of “custody of the Crown Court” there shall be added or

(c)section 5(2)(a) of the Criminal Justice Act 1987 (custody after transfer order in fraud case);

Local Government Act 1985 (c. 51)

105In section 15(4) of the Local Government Act 1985 (probation service) for the words “paragraphs 6 and 7” there shall be substituted the words “paragraph 6”.

Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985 (c. 66)

106The Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 1985 shall be amended as follows.

107In section 5(4) (interpretation) after “1987” there shall be added the words “, by section 71(9)(a) of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

108In section 7(1) (constitution of apparent insolvency)—

(a)after the words “Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986” there shall be inserted the words “or by section 78(2) of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”;

(b)after the words “(Scotland) Act 1987” there shall be inserted the words “, by section 71(9)(a) of the said Act of 1988”; and

(c)after the words “Act of 1987” there shall be inserted the words “, by section 77(1) of the said Act of 1988”.

109Section 55(2) (discharge of debtor not to release him from liabilities in respect of fines etc.) shall have effect as if the reference to a fine included a reference to a confiscation order.

Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45)

110Section 281(4) of the Insolvency Act 1986 (discharge of debtor not to release him from liabilities in respect of fines etc.) shall have effect as if the reference to a fine included a reference to a confiscation order.

Criminal Justice Act 1987 (c. 38)Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 41)

111The following paragraph shall be substituted for subsection (6)(j) of section 3 of the Criminal Justice Act 1987 and subsection (5)(k) of section 54 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (each of which sections relates to disclosure of information)—

a person appointed by the Bank of England under section 41 of the [1987 c. 22.] Banking Act 1987 to carry out an investigation and make a report;.

Criminal Justice Act 1987 (c. 38)

112The Criminal Justice Act 1987 shall be amended as follows.

113(1)In subsection (2) of section 2 (Director’s investigation powers), for the words from “attend” to the end there shall be substituted the words “answer questions or otherwise furnish information with respect to any matter relevant to the investigation at a specified place and either at a specified time or forthwith”.

(2)In subsection (3) of that section—

(a)for the words “a specified time and place” there shall be substituted the words “such place as may be specified in the notice and either forthwith or at such time as may be so specified,”; and

(b)for the word “class” there shall be substituted the word “description”.

114(1)In subsection (1) of section 11, for the words from “a report” to “containing” there shall be inserted the words “a report of proceedings to which this section applies which contains”.

(2)The following subsection shall be inserted after that subsection—

(1A)This section applies—

(a)to an application under section 6(1) above; and

(b)to a preparatory hearing and any appeal or application for leave to appeal relating to such a hearing.

(3)The following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (2)—

(2)An order that subsection (1) above shall not apply to reports—

(a)of an application under section 6(1) above;

(b)of a preparatory hearing;

(c)of an appeal to the Court of Appeal under section 9(11) above; or

(d)of an application for leave to appeal under that subsection,

may be made—

(i)in a case falling within paragraph (a), (b) or (d) above, by the judge dealing with the matter; and

(ii)in a case falling within paragraph (c) above, by the Court of Appeal..

(4)The following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (9)—

(9A)In subsection (9) above “engaged” means engaged under a contract of service or a contract for services.

(5)In subsection (15) the following definition shall be added after the definition of “publish”—

“relevant time” means a time when events giving rise to the charges to which the proceedings relate occurred..

115In section 13(1), for the words “operates only so as to make for Northern Ireland provision corresponding to” there shall be substituted the words “is made only for purposes corresponding to those of”.

116In paragraph 6(1) of Schedule 1, for “(4)” there shall be substituted “(5)”.

Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 41)

117(1)Section 52 of the Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (Powers of investigation in relation to serious or complex fraud) shall be amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1) for the words from “attend” to the end there shall be substituted the words “answer questions or otherwise furnish information with respect to any matter relevant to the investigation at a specified place and either at a specified time or forthwith.”:

(3)In subsection (2)—

(a)for the words “a specified time and place” there shall be substituted the words “such place as may be specified in the notice and either forthwith or at such time as may be so specified,”; and

(b)for the word “class” there shall be substituted the word “description”.

(4)In subsection (5) after the word “him” there shall be inserted “(a)” and at the end of the subsection there shall be added the words ; or

(b)in a prosecution for some other offence where in giving evidence he makes a statement inconsistent with it..

The Public Order (Northern Ireland) Order 1987 S.I. 1987 No. 463 (N.I.7)

118(1)In Article 24(2) of the Public Order (Northern Ireland) Order 1987, for the words “or Part IV” there shall be substituted the words “Part IV or section 139 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

(2)In Article 26(1) of that Order, for the words “or 22(1)” there shall be substituted the words “22(1) or section 139 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”.

(3)In Article 26(2) (c) of that Order, after the words “Article 22(1)” there shall be inserted the words “or section 139 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988”, and after the word “weapon” there shall be inserted the words “or article, as the case may be,”.

Section 170.

SCHEDULE 16Repeals

ChapterShort titleExtent of repeal

NOTES

1.

The repeals in the Offences against the Person Act 1861 and the Prevention of Corruption Act 1916 do not extend to Northern Ireland.

2.

The repeal in the Road Traffic Act 1972 does not extend to Scotland.

3.

The repeal of sections 74 and 75 of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 and the repeals in sections 80 and 81 of that Act do not affect those sections as they apply—

(a)

in any of the Channel Islands; or

(b)

in the Isle of Man,

and any Order in Council applying section 74(1) or 75 to any of those Islands shall continue to have effect as if this Act had not been passed.

7 Geo. 4. c. 24.Criminal Law Act 1826.Section 30.
24 & 25 Vict. c. 100.Offences against the Person Act 1861.Sections 42 and 43.
In section 44, the word “such”, in the first place where it occurs, and the words “under either of the last two preceding sections”.
Section 46.
In section 47, the words from “and” to the end.
6 & 7 Geo. 5. c. 64.Prevention of Corruption Act 1916.Sections 1 and 3.
15 & 16 Geo. 5. c. 86.Criminal Justice Act 1925.Section 39.
23 & 24 Geo. 5. c. 12.Children and Young Persons Act 1933.Section 1(5) and (6).
In section 38(1), the proviso.
In Schedule 1, in the third paragraph, the words “forty-two, forty-three”.
1 Edw. 8. & 1 Geo. 6. c. 37.Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937.Section 12(5) and (6).
15 & 16 Geo. 6. and 1 Eliz. 2. c. 52.Prison Act 1952.Section 43(1)(b) and (c).
1952 c. 61.Prisons (Scotland) Act 1952.In section 31(1), paragraph (b).
In section 31(3), the words “detention centre”.
In section 31(4), the words “detention centres” wherever they occur.
In section 34, the words “or a detention centre”.
In section 35(1), the words “detention centres”.
In section 37(1), the words “or detention centre”.
In section 37(2), the words “or detention centre” wherever they occur.
9 & 10 Eliz. 2. c. 39.Criminal Justice Act 1961.Section 2.
1967 c. 68.Fugitive Offenders Act 1967.In section 8(1) and (2), the words “to custody”.
In section 11(1), the words “in respect of a person in custody thereunder”.
In section 16(1), the words “(except for purposes of the references to the United Kingdom in section 3)”.
Schedule 1.
1967 c. 80.Criminal Justice Act 1967.Section 49.
In Schedule 3, Part I, the entry relating to the Prevention of Corruption Act 1906.
1968 c. 19.Criminal Appeal Act 1968.In section 7(1), the words “and do so only by reason of evidence received or available to be received by them under section 23 of this Act”.
Section 10(3)(d).
Section 42.
1968 c. 27.Firearms Act 1968.In section 21(2), the words “to borstal training, to corrective training for less than three years or”.
In section 52(1)(a), the words “preventive detention, corrective training, borstal training,”.
1969 c. 12.Genocide Act 1969.Section 2(1)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it.
In section 3(1), the words “and sections 16 and 17 of the Fugitive Offenders Act 1967”.
1969 c. 54.Children and Young Persons Act l969.In section 16(10), the words from “and the provisions” to the end.
Section 22(5).
In section 29, the words “he or”.
Section 34(1)(f)
In section 60, subsection (1)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it, and in subsection (2), the words “or section 16(2) or 17 of the said Act of 1967”.
1970 c. 31.Administration of Justice Act 1970.Section 41(8).
1971 c. 40.Fire Precautions Act 1971.In section 40(2)(b), the words “detention centre”.
1972 c. 20.Road Traffic Act 1972.In section 100, the words “or attempting to drive”.
1972 c. 71.Criminal Justice Act 1972.Section 28(3).
In Schedule 5, the amendment of the Criminal Appeal Act l968.
1973 c. 14.Costs in Criminal Cases Act 1973.In Schedule 1, paragraph 3.
1973 c. 62.Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973.Section 22(5).
In section 34A(1)(c), the words “other than an order under section 35 of this Act”.'
Sections 39 and 40.
In section 57(3), the definition of “detention centre”.
In Schedule 3, paragraph 2(4)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it, and paragraph 7.
In Schedule 5, paragraph 29.
1974 c. 23.Juries Act 1974.In section 12(1)(a), the words “not more than three jurors without cause and”.
In section 16(2), the words “for murder or”.
1976 c. 82.Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 1976.In section 4, in subsection (3), the words “before the Crown Court at which a person is charged with a rape offence” and “relating to the complainant”, and subsection (7)(a).
In section 5(6), the words from the beginning to “and”, in the second place where it occurs.
Section 6.
In section 7, in subsection (4), the words “and 6(4)(b)”, in subsection (5), the words “and 6” and in subsection (6), the words “and section 6(1) as adapted by section 6(4)(b).”
1977 c. 45.Criminal Law Act 1977.Section 43.
In Schedule 5, paragraph 2, so far as relating to section 99(b) of the Road Traffic Act 1972.
In Schedule 6, the entry relating to the Offences against the Person Act 1861.
In Schedule 12, in the entry relating to the Children and Young Persons Act 1969, paragraph 4(b) and (c).
1978 c. 26.Suppression of Terrorism Act 1978.Section 3(2).
1978 c. 31.Theft Act 1978.In section 5(3) the words from “and” to the end.
1978 c. 37.Protection of Children Act 1978.In section 1(6), paragraph (b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it and the words “and sections 16 and 17 of the 1967 Act”.
In section 4(2), the words from “taken” to the end.
In section 5(2), the words from “taken” to “distributed or shown,”.
1980 c. 9.Reserve Forces Act 1980.In Schedule 1, paragraph 5(c)(ii) and the word “or” immediately preceding it.
1980 c. 43.Magistrates' Courts Act 1980.Section 22(7).
Section 32(7).
Section 134.
In section 143, subsection (2)(l) to (n), subsections (4) and (5) and in subsection (6) the words “or (4)”.
In Schedule 1, in paragraph 5(h), the words “— common assault”.
1982 c. 16.Civil Aviation Act 1982.Section 93(3).
1982 c. 28.Taking of Hostages Act 1982.In section 3, subsection (1)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it and subsections (3) and (5).
1982 c. 36.Aviation Security Act 1982.In section 9, subsection (1)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it, and subsections (2) and (3).
1982 c. 48.Criminal Justice Act 1982.Sections 4 to 7.
Section 12(1) to (5), (8) and (9).
Section 14.
Section 20(1).
In section 43, the words from “and, in the case” to “thereof” and the words from “(but” to the end of the section.
Sections 74 and 75.
In section 80(1), the words “section 74; section 75;”.
In Schedule 8, paragraphs 3(c) and 7(d).
1983 c. 18.Nuclear Material (Offences) Act 1983.In section 5, subsection (1)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it, and subsections (2) and (4).
1984 c. 39.Video Recordings Act 1984.Section 15(2), (4) and (5).
1984 c. 46.Cable and Broadcasting Act 1984.In Schedule 5, paragraph 34(6).
1984 c. 47.Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984.In Schedule 1, paragraph 4.
1984 c. 60.Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.Section 24(2)(e).
In section 65, the word “and” before “references”.
Section 68.
In Schedule 3, paragraphs 1 to 7 and paragraph 13.
1985 c. 13.Cinemas Act 1985.In Schedule 2, paragraph 11.
1985 c. 37.Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985.Section 3(1)(b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it.
1985 c. 51.Local Government Act 1985.In section 15(5), the words “or 7”.
1985 c. 65.Insolvency Act 1985.In Schedule 8, paragraph 24.
1986 c. 32.Drug Trafficking Offences Act 1986.In section 6, in subsection (1), paragraph (b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it, in subsection (3), the words “or 9” and subsection (5).
Section 10(1).
Section 15(5)(b) and (c).
In section 17(1), the words from “but” to the end.
In section 19, in subsection (1) (b) (i), the words “(and no conviction for any drug trafficking offence is substituted)” and in subsection (2), in paragraph (a), the words “and that, but for that default, the proceedings would not have been instituted or continued,” and in paragraph (b), the word “substantial”.
In section 25(3), the words “varying or revoking a previous Order in Council”.
In section 38(11), the words “in England and Wales”.
1986 c. 45.Insolvency Act 1986.Section 264(1)(d) and the word “or” immediately preceding it.
Section 266(4).
Section 267(3).
Section 277.
Section 282(2).
In section 293(1), the words “does not apply where the bankruptcy order was made on a petition under section 264(1)(d) (criminal bankruptcy); and it”.
Section 297(1).
Section 327.
Section 341(4) and (5).
Section 382(1)(c).
In section 383(1)(a), the words from “(being,” to “question)”.
In section 385(1), the definition of “criminal bankruptcy order”.
Section 402.
1987 c. 38.Criminal Justice Act 1987.Section 9(3)(a).
In section 11, in subsection (8)(e), the word “engaged”, and subsection (11).
In Schedule 2, paragraph 1(2).
1987 c. 41.Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987.Section 45(7)(c)(ii) and the word “and” immediately preceding it.
1988 c. 13.Coroners Act 1988.In Schedule 3, paragraph 14.