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Licensing Act 1988

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Permitted hours

1Modification of permitted hours

(1) In section 60(1)(a) of the principal Act (permitted hours in licensed premises on weekdays)—

(a) for the words “half past ten” there shall be substituted the word “eleven”; and

(b)the words “with a break of two and a half hours beginning at three in the afternoon” shall be omitted.

(2)In section 60(1)(b) of the principal Act (permitted hours in licensed premises on Sundays etc.), for the words “five hours beginning at two” there shall be substituted the words “four hours beginning at three”.

(3)In subsection (4) of that section (power of licensing justices to modify the permitted hours for their district within specified limits), for the words from “within” to the end there shall be substituted the words “so that the permitted hours begin at a time earlier than eleven, but not earlier than ten, in the morning”.

(4)In subsection (6) of that section (premises licensed for the sale of intoxicating liquor for consumption off the premises), the words “half past” shall be omitted.

(5)In section 62 of that Act (permitted hours in clubs), the following subsection shall be substituted for subsection (1)—

(1)The permitted hours in premises in respect of which a club is registered shall be—

(a)on weekdays, other than Christmas Day or Good Friday, the general licensing hours; and

(b)on Sundays, Christmas Day and Good Friday, the hours fixed by or under the rules of the club in accordance with the following conditions—

(i)the hours fixed shall not be longer than five and a half hours and shall not begin earlier than twelve noon nor end later than half past ten in the evening;

(ii)there shall be a break in the afternoon of not less than two hours which shall include the hours from three to five; and

(iii)there shall not be more than three and a half hours after five.

(6)In section 76(2) of that Act (permitted hours on weekdays where special hours certificate in force) for the words from “be the periods” to “evening and” there shall be substituted the words “extend until”.

(7)Schedule 1 to this Act has effect for the purpose of making amendments of the principal Act consequential on this section.

2. Extension of period for consumption of intoxicating liquor outside permitted hours

In section 63(1) of the principal Act, for the words ten minutes" there shall be substituted the words twenty minutes".

3Restriction orders

(1) After section 67 of the principal Act there shall be inserted the following—

Restriction orders with respect to licensed premises and clubs

67ARestriction orders

(1) An order under this section may be made with respect to—

(a)any licensed premises or part of licensed premises, other than premises licensed for the sale of intoxicating liquor for consumption off the premises only and any premises for which an occasional licence is in force; and

(b)any premises in respect of which a club is registered.

(2)An order under this section is referred to in this section and sections 67B, 67C and 67D of this Act as a restriction order" and in those sections (and Schedule 8A to this Act) theatre" means any premises in respect of which a notice under section 199 (c) of this Act is for the time being in force.

(3)Where a restriction order is in force with respect to any premises or part of any premises, the permitted hours in those premises or that part shall not include any time specified in the order.

(4)A restriction order may specify any time between half past two and half past five in the afternoon and may apply in relation to particular days of the week specified in the order and in relation to particular periods of the year so specified.

(5)The power to make a restriction order shall be exercisable—

(a)with respect to licensed premises, by licensing justices, and

(b)with respect to premises in respect of which a club is registered, by a magistrates' court,

on application being made to them under this section.

(6)An application for a restriction order may be made by—

(a)the chief officer of police;

(b) any person living in the neighbourhood, or any body representing persons who do;

(c) any person carrying on a business in the neighbourhood or managing or otherwise in charge of it in the neighbourhood; or

(d) the head teacher or other person in charge of any educational establishment in the neighbourhood.

(7)A restriction order may be made—

(a)on the ground that it is desirable to avoid or reduce any disturbance of or annoyance to—

(i) persons living or working in the neighbourhood,

(ii) customers or clients of any business in the neighbourhood, or

(iii) persons attending, or in charge of persons attending, any educational establishment in the neighbourhood,

due to the use of the premises or part of the premises; or

(b)on the ground that it is desirable to avoid or reduce the occurrence of disorderly conduct in the premises or part of the premises or the occurrence in the vicinity of the premises of disorderly conduct on the part of persons resorting to the premises or part of the premises.

(8)The terms of a restriction order shall be such as the licensing justices or, as the case may be, the magistrates' court think fit.

(9)A restriction order shall have effect as from the date specified in it and (unless revoked or varied or the licence or registration ceases to be in force) for the period specified in it, which shall not exceed twelve months.

(10)Schedule 8A to this Act shall have effect as respects the procedure for the making of restriction orders.

67BRestriction orders: appeals

(1) Any holder of a justices' licence, any club or any proprietor of a theatre aggrieved by a decision of licensing justices or a magistrates' court—

(a)granting a restriction order, or

(b)as to the terms of a restriction order,

may appeal to the Crown Court against the decision.

(2)On an appeal under this section against a restriction order the applicant for the order shall be respondent in addition to the licensing justices or justices, as the case may be.

(3)Where an appeal is brought under this section against a restriction order, the operation of the order shall be suspended until the disposal of the appeal, unless the licensing justices or magistrates' court, as the case may be, or the Crown Court otherwise order.

(4)The judgment of the Crown Court on any appeal under this section shall be final.

67CRevocation or variation of restriction orders

(1) Subject to subsection (2) below, where a restriction order is in force in respect of any premises or part of any premises the holder of the justices' licence, the club or the proprietor of the theatre, as the case may be, may apply to the licensing justices or magistrates' court who made the order to have it revoked or its terms varied.

(2)No application for the revocation or variation of a restriction order shall be made within the period of six months beginning with the date on which the order came into force nor where a previous application has been made under this section with respect to the order.

(3)On an application under this section in relation to a restriction order, the licensing justices or the magistrates' court may, if they think fit—

(a)where revocation of the order is sought, either revoke it or make such an order varying its terms as they think fit; and

(b)where variation of the terms of the order is sought, make such an order varying its terms as they think fit.

(4)Schedule 8A to this Act shall have effect as respects the procedure for the revocation or variation of restriction orders.

67DDuty to post notice of restriction order on premises.

(1)Where a restriction order is in force with respect to any licensed premises, the holder of the licence or the theatre proprietor, as the case may be, shall keep posted in some conspicuous place there a notice stating the effect of the order on the permitted hours.

(2)Where a restriction order has effect with respect to a part only of licensed premises, subsection (1) above requires the notice to be posted in that part of the premises.

(3)A person contravening this section shall be liable to a fine not exceeding level 1 on the standard scale.

(2)After section 156 of the principal Act there shall be inserted the following section—

156A. Restriction orders

Sections 67A, 67B and 67C of this Act shall apply in relation to a licensed canteen as they apply in relation to premises for which a justices' on-licence is in force, with the substitution for any reference to the holder of the justices' licence of a reference to the holder of the canteen licence.

(3)In section 201(1) of that Act (interpretation), there shall be inserted at the appropriate place in alphabetical order—

  • “restriction order” has the meaning assigned to it by section 67A(2) of this Act;.

(4)The Schedule set out in Schedule 2 to this Act shall be inserted after Schedule 8 to the principal Act.

4Abolition of renewals of extended hours orders

(1)In section 71 of the principal Act (extended hours orders for licensed premises)—

(a)in subsection (2), for the words from “shall” to the end there shall be substituted the words—

(a)shall lapse when the licence ceases to be in force otherwise than on its being superseded on renewal or transfer; and

(b)may be varied by a further such order.; and

(b)in subsection (3), the words “to be made otherwise than by way of renewal of a previous order (without variation)” shall be omitted.

(2)In section 72 of that Act (extended hours orders for premises in respect of which a club is registered), in subsection (2), for the words from “or on the date” to “in the order” there shall be substituted the words “without being renewed” and the words “renewed or” shall be omitted.

5Discretion with respect to grant, and limitation, of special hours certificates.

(1)In sections 77 and 78 of the principal Act (duty, subject to specified conditions, to grant special hours certificates for licensed premises and clubs respectively)—

(a)for the word “shall” there shall be substituted the word “may”; and

(b)after the word “grant” there shall be inserted the words “, with or without limitations,”.

(2)The following section shall be inserted after section 78 of that Act—

78ALimitations on special hours certificates

(1)On an application for a special hours certificate the licensing justices or, as the case may be, the magistrates' court may grant a certificate under section 77 or 78 of this Act limited in any of the following respects.

(2)The limitations referred to are limitations—

(a)to particular times of the day;

(b)to particular days of the week;

(c)to particular periods of the year.

(3)Different limitations may be imposed by virtue of subsection (2)(a) above for different days.

(4)Where a special hours certificate is subject to limitations under this section the licensing justices or, as the case may be, the magistrates' court may, on the application of the licensee or the club, vary any limitation to which it is so subject.

(3)In section 80 of that Act (certificates limited to particular days or periods)—

(a)subsection (2) shall cease to have effect; and

(b)in subsection (3), for the words “subsection (2) of this section” there shall be substituted the words “section 78A of this Act”.

(4)For section 81A of that Act (special hours certificates: restriction of hours) there shall be substituted the following section—

81ASpecial hours certificates: further powers to impose limitations as to hours

(1)Limitations to particular times of the day may also be attached to special hours certificates by licensing justices or, as the case may be, a magistrates' court as provided by subsections (2) and (3) below; and different limitations may be imposed under this section for different days.

(2)On an application for revocation of such a certificate under section 81(2) of this Act, the justices or court may, instead of revoking the certificate, attach any limitation authorised by subsection (1) above or vary any such limitation to which the certificate is subject under section 78A of this Act.

(3)At any time while such a certificate is in force (other than for any premises situated as mentioned in section 76(3) of this Act) the justices or court may, on the application of the chief officer of police, attach any limitation authorised by subsection (1) above or vary any such limitation to which the certificate is subject under section 78A of this Act.

(4)Where a special hours certificate is subject to limitations under subsection (2) or (3) above, the licensing justices or, as the case may be, the magistrates' court may, on the application of the licensee or the club, vary any limitation to which it is so subject.

(5)In section 81B(1) of that Act (special hours certificates: appeals) after the words “magistrates' court” there shall be inserted the following—

(a) not to grant a special hours certificate under section 77 or 78 of this Act;

and paragraph (a) shall become paragraph (aa) of that subsection.

6Exemption orders and special hours certificates: fees.

(1)In section 74(6) of the principal Act (discharge of power to make exemption orders in City of London and metropolitan police district), after paragraph (b), there shall be added the following—

and the Commissioner of Police for the City of London and the Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis shall have the same power as justices' clerks to charge fees in respect of matters arising under this section.

(2)In section 79 of the principal Act (certificates of suitability of club premises) after subsection (6), there shall be added the following subsection—

(7)On any application for the grant or renewal of a certificate, or the waiver or modification of a condition or restriction in a certificate, under this section, the applicant shall pay a reasonable fee determined by the authority.

7Transfer of powers with respect to general orders of exemption in London

In section 74(6) of the principal Act (discharge of power to make exemption orders in City of London and metropolitan police district)—

(a)after the word “district ”, in the first place where it occurs, there shall be inserted the words “subsection (4) of ”; and

(b)for the word “references”, there shall be substituted, in the first place where it occurs, the words “the reference” and in the second and third places where it occurs, the words “a reference”.

8Power to vary permitted hours in on-licensed vineyard premises.

The following section shall be inserted after section 87 of the principal Act—

87APower to vary permitted hours in on-licensed vineyard premises

(1)Licensing justices, on an application by the holder of a justices' on-licence for any premises which form part of a vineyard, may make an order varying the permitted hours in those premises if, after hearing evidence, they are satisfied—

(a) that the sale of intoxicating liquor on the premises is ancillary to the carrying on of a business of producing wine from grapes grown in the vineyard; and

(b)that it is desirable to make an order under this section for the accommodation of persons visiting the vineyard.

(2)An order under this section may vary the permitted hours either generally or for such days or part or parts of the year as the licensing justices think fit.

(3)In making an order under this section with respect to permitted hours on weekdays, other than Christmas Day or Good Friday, licensing justices may not so vary the hours as to make them exceed in total more than twelve hours on any day.

(4)In making an order under this section with respect to permitted hours on Sundays, Christmas Day or Good Friday, licensing justices may not so vary the hours as to make them—

(a)begin before twelve noon; or

(b)exceed in total more than five and a half hours on any day.

(5)A person intending to apply for an order under this section shall give notice in writing of his intention to the clerk to the licensing justices and the chief officer of police at least 21 days before the commencement of the licensing sessions at which the application is to be made.

(6)Licensing justices shall not hear an application for an order under this section unless notice under subsection (5) of this section has been duly given.

(7)Licensing justices may revoke or vary an order under this section; but, unless it is proved that the holder of the justices' on-licence had notice of the revocation or variation, a person shall not be guilty of an offence under section 59 of this Act in doing anything that would have been lawful had the revocation or variation not been made.

Licences: miscellaneous provisions

9Provisional grant of new licence or removal

In section 6 of the principal Act (provisional grant of a new justices' licence or removal in the case of premises about to be or in course of construction etc.) after subsection (4) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(4A)The holder of a provisional licence may also apply to have a provisional grant declared final before the premises have been completed if it is likely that they will be completed as mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (4) of this section before the date appointed for the next licensing sessions; and the licensing justices, if they are satisfied that the premises are likely to be so completed and are further satisfied of the matters mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection, may direct that the declaration may be made before the next licensing sessions by a single licensing justice.

(4B)In a case where a direction has been given under subsection (4A) of this section, a single licensing justice, after such notice has been given as he may require, shall declare the provisional grant final if he is satisfied that the premises have been completed as mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (4) of this section.

(4C)Until a provisional grant has been declared final under subsection (4) or (4B) of this section it shall not be valid.

10Disqualified premises—garages.

(1)After section 9(4) of the principal Act there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(4A)Premises shall be disqualified for receiving a justices' licence if they are primarily used as a garage or form part of premises which are primarily so used.

(4B)In subsection (4A) of this section, the reference to use as a garage is a reference to use for any one or more of the following purposes, namely, the retailing of petrol or derv or the sale or maintenance of motor vehicles.

(2)Where, apart from this subsection, a justices' licence (within the meaning of the principal Act) would become void on the coming into force of subsection (1) above, the premises to which the licence is attached shall be treated as premises which are not disqualified for receiving such a licence by section 9(4A) of that Act for so long as they continue to be premises for which such a licence is in force.

11Extension of duration of justices' licences and canteen licences

(1)In section 26 of the principal Act (duration of justices' licences)—

(a)in subsection (1), for paragraphs (a) and (b) there shall be substituted—

(a)if granted before 5th January 1989, shall be granted to have effect from the time of the grant until 4th April 1989;

(b)if granted after 4th January and before 5th April 1989, shall be granted to have effect from the time of the grant until 4th April 1992; and

(c)if granted after 4th April 1989, shall be granted to have effect from the time of the grant until the expiry of the current licensing period or, if granted in the last three months of that period, until the end of the next licensing period;

but shall be superseded on the coming into force of a licence granted by way of renewal, transfer or removal of it.; and

(b)for subsection (5), there shall be substituted the following—

(5)In this Act “licensing period” means a period of three years beginning with 5th April 1989 or any triennial of that date.

(2)In section 151 of that Act (duration and renewal of canteen licences)—

(a)in subsection (1), for the words “expire on 4th April next after the date on which it comes into force” there shall be substituted the words—

(a)if it comes into force before 5th April 1989, expire on 4th April 1989; and

(b)if it comes into force after 4th April 1989, expire at the end of the licensing period which is current when it comes into force.; and

(b)in subsection (2), for the words “twelve months” there shall be substituted the words “three years”.

(3)In sections 133(3) and 142(3) of that Act (duration of suspended licences when restored to full force) for the words from “5th April” to “time” there shall be substituted the words “the expiry of the licensing period current”.

(4)In section 201(1) of that Act (interpretation), there shall be inserted at the appropriate place in alphabetical order—

“licensing period” has the meaning assigned to it by section 26(5) of this Act;.

12Revocation of justices' licences and canteen licences

(1)The following section shall be inserted after section 20 of the principal Act—

Revocation of justices' licences

20ARevocation

(1)Licensing justices may revoke a justices' licence at any licensing sessions, other than licensing sessions at which an application for renewal of the licence falls to be considered, either of their own motion or on the application of any person.

(2)The power to revoke a justices' licence under this section is exercisable on any ground on which licensing justices might refuse to renew a justices' licence or a justices' licence of that description.

(3)Licensing justices may only exercise the power conferred by this section if, at least twenty-one days before the commencement of the licensing sessions in question, notice in writing of the proposal to exercise the power or, as the case may be, to make the application has been given to the holder of the licence and, in the case of a proposed application, to the clerk to the licensing justices, specifying in general terms the grounds on which it is proposed the licence should be revoked.

(4)Evidence given for the purposes of proceedings under this section shall be given on oath.

(5)A decision under this section to revoke a justices' licence shall not have effect—

(a)until the expiry of the time for appealing against the decision; or

(b) if the decision is appealed against, until the appeal is disposed of.

(2)The following section shall be inserted after section 153 of that Act—

153ARevocation of canteen licences

(1)Licensing justices may revoke a canteen licence at any licensing sessions, other than licensing sessions at which an application for renewal of the licence falls to be considered, either of their own motion or on the application of any person.

(2)The power to revoke a canteen licence under this section is exercisable on any ground on which licensing justices might refuse to renew a canteen licence.

(3)Licensing justices may only exercise the power conferred by this section if, at least twenty-one days before the commencement of the licensing sessions in question, notice in writing of the proposal to exercise the power or, as the case may be, to make the application has been given to the holder of the licence and, in the case of a proposed application, to the clerk to the licensing justices, specifying in general terms the grounds on which it is proposed the licence should be revoked.

(4)Evidence given for the purposes of proceedings under this section shall be given on oath.

(5)A decision under this section to revoke a canteen licence shall not have effect—

(a)until the expiry of the time for appealing against the decision; or

(b)if the decision is appealed against, until the appeal is disposed of.

13Power of clerk to licensing justices to grant unopposed renewals of justices' licences and canteen licences.

The following section shall be inserted after section 193 of the principal Act—

193APower of clerk to licensing justices to grant unopposed renewals of justices' licences and canteen licences.

(1)This section has effect in relation to applications for the renewal of justices' licences and canteen licences made to the general annual licensing sessions immediately preceding the expiry of a licensing period.

(2)The clerk to licensing justices may exercise on behalf of the justices their powers with respect to an application for the renewal of a justices' licence or canteen licence if—

(a)the application is not opposed; or

(b)where under this Act the application may only be refused on specified grounds, it is not opposed on a ground on which renewal may be refused.

(3)An application may not be dealt with under this section if—

(a)the justices so direct;

(b)it is made in conjunction with any other application or request with respect to the licence sought to be renewed; or

(c)in the case of an application for the renewal of a justices' licence, there is a relevant entry in the register of justices' licences maintained under this Act which relates to the applicant or the premises for which the licence is sought.

(4)An entry in the register of justices' licences is relevant for the purposes of this section if it is an entry made in pursuance of section 31 of this Act or section 163(1)(b) or 168(7)(a) of the [1983 c. 2.] Representation of the People Act 1983 (reports or convictions of bribery or treating to be entered in the register).

Licensing justices: constitution and procedure and costs

14Modification of constitution and procedure of licensing justices.

(1)In section 2(3)(b) of the principal Act (number of transfer sessions to be held in any year), the words “nor more than eight” shall be omitted.

(2)The following section shall be inserted after section 192 of that Act—

192APower of justices at licensing sessions to act in divisions

(1)If a majority of the licensing justices present at a licensing sessions so resolve, they may for the purposes of that sessions constitute themselves into two or more divisions.

(2)A division constituted in accordance with this section may exercise all the powers exercisable by licensing justices under this Act and those powers shall be exercisable by a majority of the members present at a meeting of the division assembled for the purpose.

(3)The quorum of a division of justices constituted under this section shall be three.

but this amendment is not to invalidate any proceedings at licensing sessions before the commencement of this subsection at which the licensing justices sat in divisions.

(3)In Schedule 1 to that Act (licensing committees)—

(a)in paragraph 2 (number of justices constituting committee), for the word “fifteen” there shall be substituted the words “twenty or such larger number as is for the time being authorised under paragraph 2A below.”; and

(b)after that paragraph there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

2A. The Secretary of State may direct that such number greater than twenty as is specified in the direction shall be the maximum number of members of licensing committees and a direction under this paragraph may apply to the committees for licensing districts specified in the direction and, where it does so apply, may specify different numbers for the committees for different districts.

15Power of licensing justices to award costs.

After the section 193A of the principal Act inserted by section 13 above there shall be inserted the following section—

193BPower of licensing justices to award costs

(1)On the hearing of any application under this Act relating to licensed premises or a seamen’s canteen, the licensing justices may make such order as they think just and reasonable for the payment of costs to the applicant by any person opposing the application or by the applicant to any such person.

(2)For the purposes of enforcement an order for costs made under subsection (1) above shall be treated as an order for the payment of a sum enforceable as a civil debt.

Protection of persons under eighteen

16Sale of intoxicating liquor on licensed premises to persons under 18

(1)Section 169 of the principal Act (offences on licensed premises in connection with the supply of intoxicating liquor to, or its consumption by, persons under eighteen) shall have effect with the following amendments.

(2)In subsection (1) (which penalises the sale of intoxicating liquor by a licensee or his servant to a person known to be under eighteen), the word “knowingly”, in the first place where it occurs, shall be omitted.

(3)After subsection (4) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(4A)Where a person is charged under subsection (1) of this section with the offence of selling intoxicating liquor to a person under eighteen and he is charged by reason of his own act, it shall be a defence for him to prove—

(a)that he exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of such an offence; or

(b)that he had no reason to suspect that the person was under eighteen.

(4B)Where the person charged with an offence under subsection (1) of this section is the licence holder and he is charged by reason of the act or default of some other person, it shall be a defence for him to prove that he exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of an offence under that subsection.

(4)For subsections (8) and (9), there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(8)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale; and on a person’s second or subsequent conviction of such an offence the court may, if the offence was committed by him as the holder of a justices' licence, order that he shall forfeit the licence.

17Sales to or by persons under 18 of intoxicating liquor on wholesale premises.

The following section shall be inserted after section 181 of the principal Act—

181ASales to or by persons under 18 of intoxicating liquor on wholesale premises.

(1)In any premises from which he deals wholesale the wholesaler or his servant shall not sell intoxicating liquor to a person under eighteen.

(2)In any premises from which he deals wholesale the wholesaler shall not allow a person under eighteen to make any sale of intoxicating liquor unless the sale has been specifically approved by the wholesaler or by a person of or over the age of eighteen acting on his behalf.

(3)A person under eighteen shall not in premises from which intoxicating liquor is dealt in wholesale buy or attempt to buy such liquor.

(4)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (1) of this section—

(a)where the person charged is charged by reason of his own act, it shall be a defence for him to prove—

(i)that he exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of an offence under that subsection; or

(ii)that he had no reason to suspect that the other person was under eighteen; and

(b)where the person charged is charged by reason of the act of some other person, it shall be a defence for him to prove that he exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of an offence under that subsection.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (3) of this section shall be liable to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) of this section shall be liable to a fine not exceeding level 1 on the standard scale.

(7)In this section “wholesaler” and “wholesale” have the same meaning as in section 4 of the Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979.

18Prohibition of unsupervised off-sales by persons under 18.

The following section shall be inserted after section 171 of the principal Act—

171AProhibition of unsupervised off-sales by persons under 18.

(1)In any premises which are licensed for the sale of intoxicating liquor for consumption off the premises only or any off-sales department of on-licensed premises, the holder of the licence shall not allow a person under eighteen to make any sale of such liquor unless the sale has been specifically approved by the holder of the licence or by a person of or over the age of eighteen acting on his behalf.

(2)The reference in subsection (1) of this section to an off-sales department of on-licensed premises is a reference to any part of premises for which a justices' on-licence has been granted which is set aside for use only for the sale of intoxicating liquor for consumption off the premises.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable to a fine not exceeding level 1 on the standard scale.

Supplementary

19Amendments and repeals

(1)Schedule 3 to this Act has effect for the purpose of making minor amendments of the principal Act.

(2)The enactments specified in Schedule 4 to this Act are repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

20Short title, interpretation commencement and extent

(1)This Act may be cited as the Licensing Act 1988.

(2)In this Act, “the principal Act” means the [1964 c. 26.] Licensing Act 1964.

(3)This Act shall come into force on such day or days as the Secretary of State may appoint by order made by statutory instrument, and different days may be appointed for different provisions or different purposes of the same provision.

(4)This Act extends to England and Wales only.

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