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Immigration Act 1988

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

1Termination of saving in respect of Commonwealth citizens settled before 1973

Section 1(5) of the [1971 c. 77.] Immigration Act 1971 (in this Act referred to as “the principal Act”) is hereby repealed.

2Restriction on exercise of right of abode in cases of polygamy

(1)This section applies to any woman who—

(a)has the right of abode in the United Kingdom under section 2(1)(b) of the principal Act as, or as having been, the wife of a man (“the husband”)—

(i)to whom she is or was polygamously married; and

(ii)who is or was such a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies, Commonwealth citizen or British subject as is mentioned in section 2(2)(a) or (b) of that Act as in force immediately before the commencement of the [1981 c. 61.] British Nationality Act 1981; and

(b)has not before the coming into force of this section and since her marriage to the husband been in the United Kingdom.

(2)A woman to whom this section applies shall not be entitled to enter the United Kingdom in the exercise of the right of abode mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above or to be granted a certificate of entitlement in respect of that right if there is another woman living (whether or not one to whom this section applies) who is the wife or widow of the husband and who—

(a)is, or at any time since her marriage to the husband has been, in the United Kingdom; or

(b)has been granted a certificate of entitlement in respect of the right of abode mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above or an entry clearance to enter the United Kingdom as the wife of the husband.

(3)So long as a woman is precluded by subsection (2) above from entering the United Kingdom in the exercise of her right of abode or being granted a certificate of entitlement in respect of that right the principal Act shall apply to her as it applies to a person not having a right of abode.

(4)Subsection (2) above shall not preclude a woman from re-entering the United Kingdom if since her marriage to the husband she has at any time previously been in the United Kingdom and there was at that time no such other woman living as is mentioned in that subsection.

(5)Where a woman claims that this section does not apply to her because she had been in the United Kingdom before the coming into force of this section and since her marriage to the husband it shall be for her to prove that fact.

(6)For the purposes of this section a marriage may be polygamous although at its inception neither party has any spouse additional to the other.

(7)For the purposes of subsections (1)(b), (2)(a), (4) and (5) above there shall be disregarded presence in the United Kingdom as a visitor or an illegal entrant and presence in circumstances in which a person is deemed by section 11(1) of the principal Act not to have entered the United Kingdom.

(8)In subsection (2)(b) above the reference to a certificate of entitlement includes a reference to a certificate treated as such a certificate by virtue of section 39(8) of the [1981 c. 61.] British Nationality Act 1981.

(9)No application by a woman for a certificate of entitlement in respect of such a right of abode as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) above or for an entry clearance shall be granted if another application for such a certificate or clearance is pending and that application is made by a woman as the wife or widow of the same husband.

(10)For the purposes of subsection (9) above an application shall be regarded as pending so long as it and any appeal proceedings relating to it have not been finally determined.

3Proof of right of abode

(1)For section 3(9) and (9A) of the principal Act there shall be substituted—

(9)A person seeking to enter the United Kingdom and claiming to have the right of abode there shall prove that he has that right by means of either—

(a)a United Kingdom passport describing him as a British citizen or as a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies having the right of abode in the United Kingdom; or

(b)a certificate of entitlement issued by or on behalf of the Government of the United Kingdom certifying that he has such a right of abode.

(2)For the provisions of section 13(3) of that Act up to the end of paragraph (b) there shall be substituted—

(3)A person shall not be entitled to appeal, on the ground that he has a right of abode in the United Kingdom, against a decision that he requires leave to enter the United Kingdom unless he holds such a passport or certificate as is mentioned in section 3(9) above;.

(3)In section 2(2) of that Act for the words “sections 3(9) and (9A), 5(2) and 13(3)” there shall be substituted the words “section 5(2)”, subsections (3) and (5) of section 39 of the [1981 c. 61.] British Nationality Act 1981 are hereby repealed and in subsection (8) of that section for the words “as amended by this section” there shall be substituted the words “as in force after commencement”.

4Members of diplomatic missions

At the beginning of subsection (3) of section 8 of the principal Act (exemption from immigration control for members of diplomatic missions etc.) there shall be inserted the words “Subject to subsection (3A) below,” and after that subsection there shall be inserted—

(3A)In the case of a member of a mission other than a diplomatic agent (within the meaning of the said Act of 1964) subsection (3) above shall apply only if he enters or has entered the United Kingdom—

(a)as a member of that mission; or

(b)in order to take up a post as such a member which was offered to him before his arrival;

and references in that subsection to a member of a mission shall be construed accordingly.

5Restricted right of appeal against deportation in cases of breach of limited leave

(1)A person to whom this subsection applies shall not be entitled to appeal under section 15 of the principal Act against a decision to make a deportation order against him—

(a)by virtue of section 3(5)(a) of that Act (breach of limited leave); or

(b)by virtue of section 3(5)(c) of that Act as belonging to the family of a person who is or has been ordered to be deported by virtue of section 3(5)(a),

except on the ground that on the facts of his case there is in law no power to make the deportation order for the reasons stated in the notice of the decision.

(2)Subsection (1) above applies to any person who was last given leave to enter the United Kingdom less than seven years before the date of the decision in question but the Secretary of State may by order exempt any such persons from that subsection in such circumstances and to such extent as may be specified in the order.

(3)The power to make an order under subsection (2) above shall be exercisable by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)It shall be presumed for the purposes of this section that a person was last given leave as mentioned in subsection (2) above unless he proves the contrary.

(5)Subsection (1) above shall not affect the grounds on which a person may appeal where written notice of the decision in question was given to him before the coming into force of this section.

6Knowingly overstaying limited leave

(1)After subsection (1) of section 24 of the principal Act (illegal entry and similar offences) there shall be inserted—

(1A)A person commits an offence under subsection (1)(b)(i) above on the day when he first knows that the time limited by his leave has expired and continues to commit it throughout any period during which he is in the United Kingdom thereafter; but a person shall not be prosecuted under that provision more than once in respect of the same limited leave.

(2)In subsection (3) of that section (extension of time limit for prosecutions) for the words “subsection (1)(a), (b)(i) and (c)” there shall be substituted the words “subsection (1)(a) and (c)”.

(3)These amendments do not apply in relation to a person whose leave has expired before the coming into force of this section.

7Persons exercising Community rights and nationals of member States

(1)A person shall not under the principal Act require leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom in any case in which he is entitled to do so by virtue of an enforceable Community right or of any provision made under section 2(2) of the [1972 c. 68.] European Communities Act 1972.

(2)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument give leave to enter the United Kingdom for a limited period to any class of persons who are nationals of member States but who are not entitled to enter the United Kingdom as mentioned in subsection (1) above; and any such order may give leave subject to such conditions as may be imposed by the order.

(3)References in the principal Act to limited leave shall include references to leave given by an order under subsection (2) above and a person having leave by virtue of such an order shall be treated as having been given that leave by a notice given to him by an immigration officer within the period specified in paragraph 6(1) of Schedule 2 to that Act.

8Examination of passengers prior to arrival

(1)This section applies to a person who arrives in the United Kingdom with a passport or other travel document bearing a stamp which—

(a)has been placed there by an immigration officer before that person’s departure on his journey to the United Kingdom or in the course of that journey; and

(b)states that the person may enter the United Kingdom either for an indefinite or a limited period and, if for a limited period, subject to specified conditions.

(2)A person to whom this section applies shall for the purposes of the principal Act be deemed to have been given on arrival in the United Kingdom indefinite or, as the case may be, limited leave in terms corresponding to those of the stamp.

(3)A person who is deemed to have leave by virtue of this section shall be treated as having been given it by a notice given to him by an immigration officer within the period specified in paragraph 6(1) of Schedule 2 to the principal Act.

(4)A person deemed to have leave by virtue of this section shall not on his arrival in the United Kingdom be subject to examination under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 to the principal Act but may be examined by an immigration officer for the purpose of establishing that he is such a person.

(5)The leave which a person is deemed to have by virtue of this section may, at any time before the end of the period of twenty-four hours from his arrival at the port at which he seeks to enter the United Kingdom or, if he has been examined under subsection (4) above, from the conclusion of that examination, be cancelled by an immigration officer by giving him a notice in writing refusing him leave to enter.

(6)Sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) of paragraph 6 of Schedule 2 to the principal Act shall have effect as if any notice under subsection (5) above were a notice under that paragraph.

(7)References in this section to a person’s arrival in the United Kingdom are to the first occasion on which he arrives after the time when the stamp in question was placed in his passport or travel document, being an occasion not later than seven days after that time.

9Charges

(1)The Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury make regulations prescribing fees to be paid, at such times as may be prescribed, in connection with any application for indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom or the grant of such leave; and no such leave shall be granted unless any fee payable in connection with the grant of that leave has been paid.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) above may make different provision for different cases, including provision for cases in which no fee is to be paid.

(3)The power to make regulations under subsection (1) above shall be exercisable by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)The Secretary of State may, at the request of any person and in consideration of such charges as he may determine, make arrangements for the provision at any port of additional immigration officers or for the provision of immigration officers for dealing with passengers of a particular description or in particular circumstances.

10Miscellaneous minor amendments

The principal Act shall have effect with the amendments specified in the Schedule to this Act.

11Expenses and receipts

(1)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament any expenses incurred by the Secretary of State in consequence of this Act.

(2)Any sums received by the Secretary of State by virtue of this Act shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

12Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent

(1)This Act may be cited as the Immigration Act 1988.

(2)In this Act “the principal Act” means the [1971 c. 77.] Immigration Act 1971 and any expression which is also used in that Act has the same meaning as in that Act.

(3)Except as provided in subsection (4) below this Act shall come into force at the end of the period of two months beginning with the day on which it is passed.

(4)Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7(1) and paragraph 1 of the Schedule shall come into force on such day as may be appointed by the Secretary of State by an order made by statutory instrument; and such an order may appoint different days for different provisions and contain such transitional provisions and savings as the Secretary of State thinks necessary or expedient in connection with any provision brought into force.

(5)This Act extends to Northern Ireland and section 36 of the principal Act (power to extend any of its provisions to the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man) shall apply also to the provisions of this Act.

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