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Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988

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559Deductions on account of tax etc. from payments to certain sub-contractors

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, where a contract relating to construction operations is not a contract of employment but—

(a)one party to the contract is a sub-contractor; and

(b)another party to the contract (“the contractor”) either is a sub-contractor under another such contract relating to all or any of the construction operations or is a person to whom section 560(2) applies,

this section shall apply to any payments which are made under the contract and are so made by the contractor to—

(i)the sub-contractor;

(ii)a person nominated by the sub-contractor or the contractor; or

(iii)a person nominated by a person who is a sub-contractor under another such contract relating to all or any of the construction operations.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply to any payment made under the contract in question if the person to whom it is made or, if it is made to a nominee, each of the following persons, that is to say, the nominee, the person who nominated him and the person for whose labour (or, where that person is a company, for whose employees' or officers' labour) the payment is made, is excepted from this section in relation to those payments by virtue of section 561.

(3)Subsection (2) above does not apply to so much of any payment made under the contract in question to a person falling within subsection (4) of section 561 as exceeds, or in aggregate with other payments specified in regulations made under subsection (5) of that section exceeds, the limit prescribed by those regulations.

(4)On making a payment to which this section applies the contractor shall deduct from it a sum equal to 27 per cent. of so much of the payment as is not shown to represent the direct cost to any other person of materials used or to be used in carrying out the construction operations to which the contract under which the payment is to be made relates; and the sum so deducted shall be paid to the Board and shall be treated for the purposes of income tax or, as the case may be, corporation tax—

(a)as not diminishing the payment; but

(b)subject to subsection (5) below, as being income tax or, as the case may be, corporation tax paid in respect of the profits or gains of the trade, profession or vocation of the person for whose (or for whose employees' or officers') labour the contractor makes the payment.

(5)Where a sum deducted and paid to the Board under subsection (4) above is more than sufficient to discharge the liability to income tax of the person referred to in paragraph (b) of that subsection in respect of the profits or gains mentioned in that paragraph, so much of the excess as is required to discharge any liability of that person for Class 4 contributions shall be treated as being, for the purposes of the Social Security Act, Class 4 contributions paid in respect of the profits or gains so mentioned.

(6)References in section 1(1) of the [1964 c. 32 (N.I.)] Preferential Payments (Bankruptcies and Arrangements) Act (Northern Ireland) 1964 to sums due on account of tax deductions for any period shall be construed as including references to any amounts due from any person in respect of deductions required to be made by him under this section.

(7)For the purposes of this Chapter a payment (including a payment by way of loan) that has the effect of discharging an obligation under a contract relating to construction operations shall be taken to be made under the contract; and if—

(a)the obligation is to make a payment to a person within subsection (1)(i) to (iii) above, but

(b)the payment discharging that obligation is made to a person not within those paragraphs,

the payment shall for those purposes be taken to be made to the first-mentioned person.

(8)In this section—

  • “Class 4 contributions” means Class 4 contributions within the meaning of the [1975 c. 14.] Social Security Act 1975 or, as the case may be, the [1975 c. 15.] Social Security (Northern Ireland) Act 1975; and

  • “the Social Security Act” means whichever of those Acts is the one under which the contribution in question is payable.

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