Search Legislation

Criminal Justice Act 1987

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Criminal Justice Act 1987. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act, associated Parts and Chapters where applicable. This includes any insertions of whole new Parts, Chapters or provisions yet to be inserted into this Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing.

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Criminal Justice Act 1987

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Commencement Orders

This section lists the commencement orders yet to be applied to the whole Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing. Where applicable the commencement orders are listed under two headings, firstly those that bring some part of the Act you are viewing into force and secondly, those that bring into force legislation that affects some part of the legislation you are viewing. If you are viewing a prospective version or there is a prospective version available there may be commencement orders listed here that are relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Preparatory hearingsE+W

7 Power to order preparatory hearing.E+W

(1)Where it appears to a judge of the Crown Court that the evidence on an indictment reveals a case of fraud of such [F1seriousness or complexity] that substantial benefits are likely to accrue from a hearing (in this Act referred to as a “preparatory hearing”) before the jury are sworn, for the purpose of—

(a)identifying issues which are likely to be material to the verdict of the jury;

(b)assisting their comprehension of any such issues;

(c)expediting the proceedings before the jury; or

(d)assisting the judge’s management of the trial,

he may order that such a hearing shall be held.

(2)A judge may make an order under subsection (1) above on the application either of the prosecution or of the person indicted or, if the indictment charges a number of persons, any of them, or of his own motion.

[F2(3)If a judge orders a preparatory hearing, he may also order the prosecution to prepare and serve any documents that appear to him to be relevant and whose service could be ordered at the preparatory hearing by virtue of this Part of this Act or Crown Court Rules.

(4)Where—

(a)a judge has made an order under subsection (3) above; and

(b)the prosecution have complied with it,

the judge may order the person indicted or, if the indictment charges a number of persons, any of them to prepare and serve any documents that appear to him to be relevant and whose service could be so ordered at the preparatory hearing.

(5)An order under this section may specify the time within which it is to be complied with, but Crown Court Rules may make provision as to the minimum or maximum time that may be specified for compliance.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 7(1) substituted (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 30; S.I. 1995/127, art. 2(1), Sch. Appendix A

F2S. 7(3)-(5) repealed (4.7.1996 with application (15.4.1997) as mentioned in Sch. 3) by 1996 c. 25, ss. 72, 80, Sch. 3 paras. 2, 8, Sch. 5 para. 2, Table12 (with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/1019, art.2

8 Commencement of trial and arraignment.E+W

(1)If a judge orders a preparatory hearing, the trial shall begin with that hearing.

(2)Arraignment shall accordingly take place at the start of the preparatory hearing.

9 The preparatory hearing.E+W

(1)At the preparatory hearing the judge may exercise any of the powers specified in this section.

(2)The judge may adjourn a preparatory hearing from time to time.

(3)He may determine—

(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F3

[F4(aa)a question arising under section 6 of the Criminal Justice Act 1993 (relevance of external law to certain charges of conspiracy, attempt and incitement);]

(b)any question as to the admissibility of evidence; and

(c)any other question of law relating to the case.

(4)He may order the prosecution—

(a)to supply the court and the defendant or, if there is more than one, each of them with a statement (a “case statement”) of the following—

(i)the principal facts of the prosecution case;

(ii)the witnesses who will speak to those facts;

(iii)any exhibits relevant to those facts;

(iv)any proposition of law on which the prosecution proposes to rely; and

(v)the consequences in relation to any of the counts in the indictment that appear to the prosecution to flow from the matters stated in pursuance of sub-paragraphs (i) to (iv) above;

(b)to prepare their evidence and other explanatory material in such a form as appears to him to be likely to aid comprehension by the jury and to supply it in that form to the court and to the defendant or, if there is more than one, to each of them;

(c)to give the court and the defendant or, if there is more than one, each of them notice of documents the truth of the contents of which ought in the prosecution’s view to be admitted and of any other matters which in their view ought to be agreed;

(d)to make any amendments of any case statement supplied in pursuance of an order under paragraph (a) above that appear to the court to be appropriate, having regard to objections made by the defendant or, if there is more than one, by any of them.

(5)Where—

(a)a judge has ordered the prosecution to supply a case statement; and

(b)the prosecution have complied with the order,

he may order the defendant or, if there is more than one, each of them—

(i)to give the court and the prosecution a statement in writing setting out in general terms the nature of his defence and indicating the principal matters on which he takes issue with the prosecution;

(ii)to give the court and the prosecution notice of any objections that he has to the case statement;

(iii)to inform the court and the prosecution of any point of law (including a point as to the admissibility of evidence) which he wishes to take, and any authority on which he intends to rely for that purpose;

(iv)to give the court and the prosecution a notice stating the extent to which he agrees with the prosecution as to documents and other matters to which a notice under subsection (4)(c) above relates and the reason for any disagreement.

(6)Crown Court Rules may provide that except to the extent that disclosure is required—

(a)by [F5section 5(7) of the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996] (alibi); or

(b)by rules under section 81 of the M1Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (expert evidence),

a summary required by virtue of subsection (5) above need not disclose who will give evidence.

(7)A judge making an order under subsection (5) above shall warn the defendant or, if there is more than one, all of them of the possible consequence under section 10[F6(1) ]below of not complying with it.

(8)If it appears to a judge that reasons given in pursuance of subsection (5)(iv) above are inadequate, he shall so inform the person giving them, and may require him to give further or better reasons.

(9)An order under this section may specify the time within which any specified requirement contained in it is to be complied with, but Crown Court Rules may make provision as to the minimum or maximum time that may be specified for compliance.

(10)An order or ruling made [F7under this section] shall have effect during the trial, unless it appears to the judge, on application made to him during the trial, that the interests of justice require him to vary or discharge it.

(11)An appeal shall lie to the Court of Appeal from any order or ruling of a judge under subsection (3)(b) or (c) above, but only with the leave of the judge or of the Court of Appeal.

(12)Subject to rules of court made under section 53(1) of the M2Supreme Court Act 1981 (power by rules to distribute business of Court of Appeal between its civil and criminal divisions), the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal under subsection (11) above shall be exercised by the criminal division of the court; and the reference in that subsection to the Court of Appeal shall be construed as a reference to that division.

(13)The judge may continue a preparatory hearing notwithstanding that leave to appeal has been granted under subsection (11) above, but no jury shall be sworn until after the appeal has been determined or abandoned.

(14)On the termination of the hearing of an appeal, the Court of Appeal may confirm, reverse or vary the decision appealed against.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F4S. 9(3)(aa) inserted (1.6.1999) by 1993 c. 36, Pt. I ss. 6(8) (by s. 1(1) it is provided that Pt. I applies as there mentioned) (with s. 78(5)); S.I. 1999/1189, art. 2

F5Words in s. 9(6)(a) substituted (4.7.1996 with application1.4.1997 as mentioned in s. 74(5)) by 1996 c. 25, s. 74(4)(5)(with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/682, art. 2(1)(a)

F6Word in s. 9(7) repealed (4.7.1996 with application 15.4.1997 as mentioned in Sch. 3) by 1996 c. 25, ss. 72, 80, Sch. 3 para. 3(2), 8, Sch. 5 para. 2 Table 12 (with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/1019, art. 2

F7Words in s. 9(10) substituted (4.7.1996 with application (15.4.1997) as mentioned in Sch. 3 para. 8) by 1996 c. 25, ss. 72, Sch. 3 para. 3(3), 8 (with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/1019, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 9 amended (4.7.1996 with application (1.4.1997) as mentioned in s. 1(5)) by 1996 c. 25, ss. 1, 20(2)(with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/682, art. 2(1)(a)

C2S. 9(3) modified (4.9.1998) by 1977 c. 45 s. 1A(10) (as inserted by 1998 c. 40, s. 5(1)).

Marginal Citations

[F89A Orders before preparatory hearing.E+W

(1)Subsection (2) below applies where—

(a)a judge orders a preparatory hearing, and

(b)he decides that any order which could be made under section 9(4) or (5) above at the hearing should be made before the hearing.

(2)In such a case—

(a)he may make any such order before the hearing (or at the hearing), and

(b)subsections (4) to (10) of section 9 above shall apply accordingly.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F8S. 9A inserted (4.7.1996 with application (15.4.1997) as mentioned in Sch. 3 para. 8) by 1996 c. 25, s. 72, Sch. 3 paras. 4, 8(with s. 78(1)); S.I. 1997/1019, art.2

[F910 Later stages of trial.E+W

(1)Any party may depart from the case he disclosed in pursuance of a requirement imposed under section 9 above.

(2)Where—

(a)a party departs from the case he disclosed in pursuance of a requirement imposed under section 9 above, or

(b)a party fails to comply with such a requirement,

the judge or, with the leave of the judge, any other party may make such comment as appears to the judge or the other party (as the case may be) to be appropriate and the jury may draw such inference as appears proper.

(3)In deciding whether to give leave the judge shall have regard—

(a)to the extent of the departure or failure, and

(b)to whether there is any justification for it.

(4)Except as provided by this section no part—

(a)of a statement given under section 9(5) above, or

(b)of any other information relating to the case for the accused or, if there is more than one, the case for any of them, which was given in pursuance of a requirement imposed under section 9 above,

may be disclosed at a stage in the trial after the jury have been sworn without the consent of the accused concerned.]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F9S. 10 substituted (4.7.1996 with application (15.4.1997) as mentioned in Sch. 3 para. 8) by 1996 c. 25, s. 72, Sch. 3 paras.5, 8; S.I. 1997/1019, art.2

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources