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Landlord and Tenant Act 1987

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part VIIGeneral

52(1)A county court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any question arising under any provision to which this section applies (other than a question falling within the jurisdiction of a rent assessment committee by virtue of section 13(1) or 31(1)).

(2)This section applies to—

(a)any provision of Parts I to IV;

(b)any provision of section 42; and

(c)any provision of sections 46 to 48.

(3)Where any proceedings under any provision to which this section applies are being taken in a county court, the county court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any other proceedings joined with those proceedings, notwithstanding that the other proceedings would, apart from this subsection, be outside the court's jurisdiction.

(17)

(5)Subsection (4) shall not apply where the purpose of taking the proceedings in the High Court was to enable them to be joined with any proceedings already pending before that court (not being proceedings taken under any provision to which this section applies).

53Regulations and orders

(1)Any power of the Secretary of State to make an order or regulations under this Act shall be exercisable by statutory instrument and may be exercised so as to make different provision for different cases, including different provision for different areas.

(2)A statutory instrument containing—

(a)an order made under section 1(5), 25(6), 42(5) or 55, or

(b)any regulations made under section 13(2) (including any made under that provision as it applies for the purposes of section 31) or under section 20(4),

shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

54Notices

(1)Any notice required or authorised to be served under this Act—

(a)shall be in writing; and

(b)may be sent by post.

(2)Any notice purporting to be a notice served under any provision of Part I or III by the requisite majority of any qualifying tenants (as defined for the purposes of that provision) shall specify the names of all of the persons by whom it is served and the addresses of the flats of which they are qualifying tenants.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations prescribe—

(a)the form of any notices required or authorised to be served under or in pursuance of any provision of Parts I to III, and

(b)the particulars which any such notices must contain (whether in addition to, or in substitution for, any particulars required by virtue of the provision in question).

(4)Subsection (3)(b) shall not be construed as authorising the Secretary of State to make regulations under subsection (3) varying either of the periods specified in section 5(2) (which accordingly can only be varied by regulations under section 20(4)).

55Application to Isles of Scilly

This Act shall apply to the Isles of Scilly subject to such exceptions, adaptations and modifications as the Secretary of State may by order direct.

56Crown land

(1)This Act shall apply to a tenancy from the Crown if there has ceased to be a Crown interest in the land subject to it.

(2)A variation of any such tenancy effected by or in pursuance of an order under section 38 shall not, however, be treated as binding on the Crown, as a predecessor in title under the tenancy, by virtue of section 39(1).

(3)Where there exists a Crown interest in any land subject to a tenancy from the Crown and the person holding that tenancy is himself the landlord under any other tenancy whose subject-matter comprises the whole or part of that land, this Act shall apply to that other tenancy, and to any derivative sub-tenancy, notwithstanding the existence of that interest.

(4)For the purposes of this section "tenancy from the Crown" means a tenancy of land in which there is, or has during the subsistence of the tenancy been, a Crown interest superior to the tenancy, and "Crown interest" means—

(a)an interest comprised in the Crown Estate;

(b)an interest belonging to Her Majesty in right of the Duchy of Lancaster;

(c)an interest belonging to the Duchy of Cornwall;

(d)any other interest belonging to a government department or held on behalf of Her Majesty for the purposes of a government department.

57Financial provision

There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable out of money so provided under any other Act.

58Exempt landlords and resident landlords

(1)In this Act "exempt landlord" means a landlord who is one of the following bodies, namely—

(a)a district, county or London borough council, the Common Council of the City of London, the Council of the Isles of Scilly, the Inner London Education Authority, or a joint authority established by Part IV of the Local Government Act 1985;

(b)the Commission for the New Towns or a development corporation established by an order made (or having effect as if made) under the New Towns Act 1981;

(c)an urban development corporation within the meaning of Part XVI of the Local Government, Planning and Land Act 1980;

(d)the Development Board for Rural Wales;

(e)the Housing Corporation;

(f)a housing trust (as defined in section 6 of the Housing Act 1985) which is a charity;

(g)a registered housing association, or an unregistered housing association which is a fully mutual housing association, within the meaning of the Housing Associations Act 1985; or

(h)an authority established under section 10 of the Local Government Act 1985 (joint arrangements for waste disposal functions).

(2)For the purposes of this Act the landlord of any premises consisting of the whole or part of a building is a resident landlord of those premises at any time if—

(a)the premises are not, and do not form part of, a purpose-built block of flats; and

(b)at that time the landlord occupies a flat contained in the premises, as his only or principal residence; and

(c)he has so occupied such a flat throughout a period of not less than 12 months ending with that time.

(3)In subsection (2) "purpose-built block of flats" means a building which contained as constructed, and contains, two or more flats.

59Meaning of "lease", "long lease" and related expressions

(1)In this Act "lease" and "tenancy" have the same meaning; and both expressions include—

(a)a sub-lease or sub-tenancy, and

(b)an agreement for a lease or tenancy (or for a sub-lease or subtenancy).

(2)The expressions "landlord" and "tenant", and references to letting, to the grant of a lease or to covenants or the terms of a lease shall be construed accordingly.

(3)In this Act "long lease" means—

(a)a lease granted for a term certain exceeding 21 years, whether or not it is (or may become) terminable before the end of that term by notice given by the tenant or by re-entry or forfeiture;

(b)a lease for a term fixed by law under a grant with a covenant or obligation for perpetual renewal, other than a lease by subdemise from one which is not a long lease; or

(c)a lease granted in pursuance of Part V of the Housing Act 1985 (the right to buy).

60General interpretation

(1)In this Act—

  • "the 1985 Act" means the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985;

  • "charity" means a charity within the meaning of the Charities Act 1960, and "charitable purposes", in relation to a charity, means charitable purposes whether of that charity or of that charity and other charities;

  • "common parts", in relation to any building or part of a building, includes the structure and exterior of that building or part and any common facilities within it;

  • "the court" means the High Court or a county court;

  • "dwelling" means a building or part of a building occupied or intended to be occupied as a separate dwelling, together with any yard, garden, outhouses and appurtenances belonging to it or usually enjoyed with it;

  • "exempt landlord" has the meaning given by section 58(1);

  • "flat" means a separate set of premises, whether or not on the same floor, which—

    (a)

    forms part of a building, and

    (b)

    is divided horizontally from some other part of that building, and

    (c)

    is constructed or adapted for use for the purposes of a dwelling;

  • "functional land", in relation to a charity, means land occupied by the charity, or by trustees for it, and wholly or mainly used for charitable purposes;

  • "landlord" (except for the purposes of Part I) means the immediate landlord or, in relation to a statutory tenant, the person who, apart from the statutory tenancy, would be entitled to possession of the premises subject to the tenancy;

  • "lease" and related expressions shall be construed in accordance with section 59(1) and (2);

  • "long lease" has the meaning given by section 59(3);

  • "mortgage" includes any charge or lien, and references to a mortgagee shall be construed accordingly;

  • "notices in proceedings" means notices or other documents served in, or in connection with, any legal proceedings;

  • "rent assessment committee" means a rent assessment committee constituted under Schedule 10 to the Rent Act 1977;

  • "resident landlord" shall be construed in accordance with section 58(2);

  • "statutory tenancy" and "statutory tenant" mean a statutory tenancy or statutory tenant within the meaning of the Rent Act 1977 or the Rent (Agriculture) Act 1976;

  • "tenancy" includes a statutory tenancy.

(2)In this Act (except in Part IV) any reference to a tenancy to which Part II of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 applies includes a reference to an assured tenancy (as denned in section 56(1) of the Housing Act 1980).

61Consequential amendments and repeals

(1)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 4 shall have effect subject to the amendments there specified (being amendments consequential on the preceding provisions of this Act).

(2)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 5 are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

62Short title, commencement and extent

(1)This Act may be cited as the Landlord and Tenant Act 1987.

(2)This Act shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint.

(3)An order under subsection (2)—

(1)Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, any electrical works or equipment constructed, erected, laid, maintained, worked or used under this Act shall be so constructed, erected or laid and so maintained, worked and used, and Works Nos. 3,4 and 5 ("the railway") shall be so worked, that any electricity conveyed by, or used in, or in connection with, any such works or equipment, and the working of the railway, does not cause avoidable interference (whether by induction or otherwise) with any telecommunication apparatus kept installed for the purposes of a telecommunications code system or the service provided by such a system.

(b)may make such transitional, incidental, supplemental or consequential provision or saving as the Secretary of State considers necessary or expedient in connection with the coming into force of any provision of this Act or the operation of any enactment which is repealed or amended by a provision of this Act during any period when the repeal or amendment is not wholly in force.

(4)This Act extends to England and Wales only.

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