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Building Societies Act 1986

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F1[Restrictions on powers]U.K.

Textual Amendments

F1S. 9A and cross-heading inserted (1.12.1997 in specified cases and for specified purposes and otherwise in accordance with art. 2(2)(3)(5) of S.I. 1997/2668) by 1997 c. 32, ss. 10, 47(3); S.I. 1997/2668, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II(i)

[F29ARestrictions on certain transactions.U.K.

(1)Subject to subsections (2) to (4) below, a building society shall not do, and shall secure that each of its subsidiary undertakings does not do, any of the following things, namely—

(a)act as a market maker in securities, commodities or currencies;

(b)trade in commodities or currencies; and

(c)enter into any transaction involving derivative investments;

but a contravention of this subsection shall not invalidate any transaction or other act.

(2)No transaction entered into by a building society, or a subsidiary undertaking of a building society, shall be taken into account for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) above if—

(a)it relates only to securities or currencies or both and the amount or value of the consideration given by the society or undertaking does not exceed £100,000; or

(b)it is entered into in the society’s or undertaking’s capacity as the manager of a collective investment scheme.

(3)No transaction so entered into shall be taken into account for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) above if—

(a)it relates only to currencies and the amount or value of the consideration given by the society or undertaking does not exceed [F3£3 million] ; or

(b)it is ancillary or incidental to another transaction entered into by the society or undertaking.

(4)Nothing in subsection (1)(c) above shall apply in relation to any transaction entered into by a building society, or a subsidiary undertaking of a building society, if—

(a)it is entered into in the society’s or undertaking’s capacity as the manager of a collective investment scheme;

(b)it is entered into for the purpose of limiting the extent to which the society, or a connected undertaking of the society, will be affected by changes in any of the following factors, namely—

(i)interest rates;

(ii)exchange rates;

(iii)any index of retail prices;

(iv)any index of residential property prices; F4 . . .

(v)any index of the prices of securities; [F5and

(vi)the ability or willingness of one or more persons to pay or repay a sum or sums owing at law or in equity to the society or a connected undertaking of the society;F6...]

(c)it involves a derivative investment falling within paragraph (d) of the definition in subsection (9) below and it is entered into for the purpose of limiting the extent to which any person will be affected by changes in any interest or exchange rate applicable to—

(i)a loan owed by him to;

(ii)shares held by him in; or

(iii)a deposit of his with,

the society, or a connected undertaking of the society [F7; or]

[F8(d)it is entered into in order to comply with an obligation imposed by a recognised clearing house or an EEA central counterparty pursuant to Article 37 of Regulation (EU) No 648/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories.]

(5)Nothing in subsection (1)(c) above shall apply in relation to any transaction entered into by a subsidiary undertaking of a building society, if it is entered into in the undertaking’s capacity—

[F9(a)as a person who has permission under [F10Part 4A] of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 to effect or carry out contracts of long-term insurance, or

(b)an EEA firm of the kind mentioned in paragraph 5(d) of Schedule 3 to that Act, which has permission under paragraph 15 of that Schedule (as a result of qualifying for authorisation under paragraph 12 of that Schedule) to effect or carry out contracts of long-term insurance.]

. . .

(6)A building society shall also do all that is reasonably practicable to secure that neither it nor any of its subsidiary undertakings (either alone or with any or any others of those undertakings)—

(a)holds at any time more than 5 per cent of the issued share capital; or

(b)is at any time entitled to exercise, or to control the exercise of, more than 5 per cent of the voting power at any general meeting,

of an undertaking which is, at that time, doing any of the things which the society is prohibited from doing by subsection (1) above, or an undertaking whose subsidiary undertaking is, at that time, doing any of those things.

(7)The monetary limit in subsection (2) or (3) above refers to the time when the transaction is entered into; and where the amount or value of the consideration there referred to is not in sterling, it shall be converted at the rate of exchange prevailing at that time.

(8)For the purposes of subsection (2) or (3) above, two or more transactions which form part of a larger transaction or series of transactions shall be treated as a single transaction.

(9)In this section—

  • collective investment scheme” has the same meaning as in the [F11Financial Services and Markets Act 2000];

  • commodity” means any produce of agriculture, forestry or fisheries, or any mineral, either in its natural state or having undergone only such processes as are necessary or customary to prepare the produce or mineral for the market;

  • [F12derivative investment”means an investment of the following kinds—

    (a)

    instruments giving entitlements to investments;

    (b)

    options;

    (c)

    futures;

    (d)

    contracts for differences;]

  • [F13EEA central counterparty” has the meaning given in section 285(1)(c) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;” ]

  • market maker” means, subject to subsection (10) below, a person who holds himself out as willing at all normal times to buy or sell at a price specified by him securities, commodities or currencies of a particular description;

  • [F14“recognised clearing house” has the meaning given in section 285(1)(b) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;”.]

  • securities” means shares, stock, debentures, debenture stock, loan stock, bonds, units of a collective investment scheme and other securities of any description.

[F15(9A)Subsection (5) and the definition of “derivative investment” in subsection (9) must be read with—

(a)section 22 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;

(b)any relevant order under that section; and

(c)Schedule 2 to that Act;]

(10)A building society, or subsidiary undertaking of a building society, shall not by reason of holding itself out as willing to issue its own securities be regarded for the purposes of this section as acting as a market maker in such securities.

(11)The Treasury may by order vary subsections (1) to (10) above by adding to or deleting from them any provision or by varying any provision contained in them.

(12)[F16The Treasury may] by order—

(a)substitute for the amount specified in subsection (2) or (3) above, or for the percentage specified in subsection (6) above, such other amount or percentage as they think appropriate; or

(b)vary subsection (4)(b) above by adding to or deleting from it any reference to a factor or by varying any reference to a factor contained in it.

(13)An order under subsection (11) or (12) above may make—

(a)different provision for different cases or purposes; and

(b)such supplementary, transitional and saving provision as appears to the Treasury F17 . . .to be necessary or expedient;

and the power to make such an order is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(14)No order shall be made under subsection (11) above unless a draft of the order has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(15)A statutory instrument containing an order under subsection (12) above shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

Textual Amendments

F2S. 9A and cross-heading inserted (1.12.1997 in specified cases and for specified purposes and otherwise in accordance with art. 2(2)(3)(5) of S.I. 1997/2668) by 1997 c. 32, ss. 10, 47(3); S.I. 1997/2668, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II(i)

F4Word in s. 9A(4) omitted (1.7.2001) by virtue of S.I. 2001/1826, art. 2(a)

F5S. 9A(4)(b)(vi) and the word "and" immediately preceding inserted (1.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/1826, art. 2(b)

F9. 9A(5)(a)(b) substituted (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3649, arts. 1, 195(2)(a)

F11Words in the definition of "collective investment scheme" in s. 9A(9) substituted (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3649, arts. 1, 195(3)(a)

F12Definition of "derivative investment" in s. 9A(9) substituted (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3649, arts. 1, 195(3)(b)

F15S. 9A(9A) inserted (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/3649, arts. 1, 195(4)

F16Words in s. 9A(12) substituted (17.8.2001 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp. ) by S.I. 2001/2617, arts. 2(a), 8, 13(1), Sch. 3 Pt. II, para. 138 (a)(i)(ii) (with art. 13(3), Sch. 5)

F17Words in s. 9A(13)(b) repealed (1.12.2001) by S.I. 2001/2617, arts. 2, 13(2), Sch. 4 (with art. 13(3), Sch. 5); S.I2001/3538, art. 2(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 9A(12): Functions of Building Societies Commission transferred (1.12.2001) to the Treasury by S.I. 2001/2617, arts. 2(b), 4(1), Sch. 1 Pt. III; S.I. 2001/3538, art. 2(a)

F189BRestriction on creation of floating charges.U.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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