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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:
(1)The Secretary of State shall pay to the Board out of moneys provided by Parliament—
(a)such sums as are required (after allowing for payments into the Fund under paragraphs (a) to (c) and (e) of section 4(3) of this Act) to meet payments out of the Fund under this Act; and
(b)such sums as he may, F1. . . determine are required for the other expenditure of the Board.
(2)The Secretary of State may, F1. . .
(a)determine the manner in which and times at which the sums referred to in subsection (1)(a) above shall be paid to the Board; and
(b)impose conditions on the payment of the sums referred to in subsection (1)(b) above.
(3)The Secretary of State shall pay to the Law Society in accordance with paragraph 1(2)(b) of Schedule 4 to this Act out of moneys provided by Parliament the amount required to make up any deficit in the Legal Aid (Scotland) Fund.
(4)Any payments received by the Secretary of State from the Law Society in accordance with paragraph 1(2)(a) of Schedule 4 to this Act shall be paid by him into the Consolidated Fund.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—
“advice and assistance” has the meaning given to it in section 6(1) of this Act;
“assistance by way of representation” has the meaning given to it in section 6(1) of this Act;
“the Board” has the meaning given to it in section 1(1) of this Act;
“civil legal aid” has the meaning given to it in section 13(2) of this Act;
[F2“the code” means the code of practice in relation to criminal legal assistance for the time being in force under section 25B of this Act;]
“criminal legal aid” has the meaning given to it in section 21(1) of this Act;
[F3“criminal legal assistance” means criminal legal aid and advice and assistance in relation to criminal matters;
“document” includes information recorded in any form;
“firm” includes an incorporated practice, a sole solicitor and a law centre;]
“the Fund” has the meaning given to it in section 4(1) of this Act;
“incorporated practice” has the same meaning as in the M1Solicitors’ (Scotland) Act 1980;
[F4“law centre” means a body—
established for the purpose of providing legal services to the public generally as well as to individual members of the public; and
which does not distribute any profits made either to its members or otherwise, but reinvests any such profits for the purposes of the law centre;]
“the Law Society” means the Law Society of Scotland;
“legal aid” means civil legal aid, criminal legal aid, or legal aid given in connection with proceedings for contempt of court or proceedings under [F5Chapter 2 or Chapter 3 of Part II of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995];
[F6(a)]does not include a body corporate or unincorporate, except where such body is acting in a representative, fiduciary or official capacity, so as to authorise legal aid or adive and assistance to be provided to such a body [F7; and
(b)includes a person under the age of sixteen years.]
[F8“the Register” means the Register established and maintained under section 25A of this Act;
“registered firm” means a firm whose name appears on the Register;
“registered solicitor” means a solicitor whose name appears on the Register;
“sole solicitor” means a solicitor practising under his own name or as a single solicitor under a firm name; and
“solicitor connected with a firm” includes a sole solicitor and a solicitor who is a partner, director or employee of a firm, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.]
(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations made under this section provide that any reference in, under or by virtue of this Act to “criminal legal assistance” shall relate, for any of the purposes of this Act, to such class or classes of criminal legal assistance as he thinks appropriate.
(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) above, the power conferred by that subsection may be exercised by reference to—
(a)the class or classes of person who are to receive criminal legal assistance;
(b)the class or classes of case in respect of which such assistance is to be given;
(c)the nature of the work;
(d)the place or places where the assistance is to be provided;
(e)the period for which it is to be provided,
or to any combination of the foregoing; and different provision may be made under that subsection for different purposes, or in relation to different areas or different periods.]
(1)In this Act “disposable income” or “disposable capital” in relation to any person means his income or, as the case may be, the amount of his capital, after making such deductions and allowances as regulations made under this section may prescribe—
(a)in respect of maintenance of dependants, interest on loans, income tax, rates, rent and other matters for which that person must or reasonably may provide;
(b)to take account of the nature of his resources,
and does not include the subject matter of the dispute.
(2)Regulations made under this section may make provision as to the determination of a person’s income and the amount of his capital and in particular for determining whether any resources are to be treated as income or capital and for taking into account fluctuations of income, and different provision may be made for legal aid and for advice and assistance.
(3)Except in so far as regulations made under this section otherwise provide, the resources of a person’s spouse shall be treated for the purposes of this section as that person’s own resources, and such regulations may also make provision, in relation to minors and pupils and other special cases, for taking into account the resources of other persons.
Subordinate Legislation Made
Modifications etc. (not altering text)
Nothing in this Act shall affect the sum recoverable by virtue of—
(a)an award of expenses in favour of a person to whom legal aid has been made available; or
(b)an agreement as to expenses in favour of such a person which provides for taxation,
and for the purpose of any such award or agreement, the solicitor who acted for the person in whose favour it is made shall be treated as having paid any counsel’s fees.
(1)Advice and assistance shall be available, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, in relation to the provision of executry services by executry practitioners and recognised financial institutions and conveyancing services by independent qualified conveyancers, all within the meaning of section 23 (interpretation of sections 16 to 22) of the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1990 as they are so available in relation to the provision of the like services by solicitors.
(2)Subject to any act of sederunt or act of adjournal made under subsection (7) of section 26 of that Act (consideration of applications made under 25) advice and assistance, civil legal aid and criminal legal aid shall be available, in accordance with the provisions of this Act, in relation to the provision of services by persons who have acquired rights to conduct litigation or, as the case may be, rights of audience by virtue of that section as they are so available in relation to the provision of the like services by solicitors and, where appropriate, by advocates.
(3)Where advice and assistance, civil legal aid or criminal legal aid has been made available by virtue of this section, the provisions of this Act shall apply in relation to the person providing those services as they apply in relation to a solicitor or advocate providing like services.]
This Act shall bind the Crown.
(1)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 3 to this Act shall have effect subject to the amendments there specified (being minor amendments and amendments consequential on this Act).
(2)Without prejudice to sections 16 and 17 of the M2Interpretation Act 1978 (effect of repeals) and section 46(3) of this Act, the transitional provisions and savings contained in Schedule 4 to this Act shall have effect.
(3)The enactments set out in columns 1 and 2 of Schedule 5 to this Act are repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.
Subordinate Legislation Made
(1)This Act may be cited as the Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986.
(2)This Act, apart from this section, shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may, by order made by statutory instrument, appoint; and different days may be so appointed for different purposes and for different provisions.
(3)An order under subsection (2) above may contain such transitional provisions and savings as appear to the Secretary of State necessary or expedient.
(4)This Act, except section 18(3), extends only to Scotland.
Subordinate Legislation Made
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