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Armed Forces Act 1986

1986 CHAPTER 21

An Act to continue the Army Act 1955, the Air Force Act 1955 and the Naval Discipline Act 1957 and to amend those Acts and the Armed Forces Act 1976 and the Armed Forces Act 1981.

[26th June 1986]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part IE+W+S+N.I.

1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1E+W+S+N.I.
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Amendments (Textual)

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Amendments (Textual)

Part IIE+W+S+N.I. Amendments of Services Acts etc.

OffencesE+W+S+N.I.

2 Interference etc. with equipment, messages or signals.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)After section 44A of the M1Army Act 1955 (damage to and loss of Her Majesty’s aircraft or aircraft material) there shall be inserted the following section—

44B Interference etc. with equipment, messages or signals.

(1)Any person subject to military law who by any conduct of his—

(a)intentionally impairs the efficiency or effectiveness of any equipment which is public or service property; or

(b)intentionally interferes with or modifies any message or other signal which is being transmitted, by means of a telecommunications system directly or indirectly to or from any such equipment,

shall, on conviction by court-martial, be liable to imprisonment or any less punishment provided by this Act.

(2)Any person subject to military law who is guilty of any conduct which is likely to have the effect—

(a)of impairing the efficiency or effectiveness of any such equipment; or

(b)of interfering with or modifying any such message or signal,

shall (whether or not that conduct has that effect) be liable on conviction by court-martial, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or any less punishment provided by this Act.

(3)It shall be a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (2) of this section in respect of any conduct likely to have a particular effect that, in the circumstances, his conduct was in all respects consistent with the exercise of reasonable care to avoid producing that effect.

(4)For the purposes of this section the efficiency or effectiveness of any equipment is impaired if, whether or not it is damaged, the equipment is made temporarily or permanently less efficient or effective either for all purposes or for a particular purpose for which it has been designed, adapted, adjusted or programmed.

(5)In this section—

  • conduct” includes any act or omission;

  • equipment” includes any apparatus, any computer and any vessel, aircraft or vehicle; and

  • telecommunication system” has the same meaning as in the Telecommunications Act 1984.

(2)The provisons set out in subsection (1) above shall also be inserted after section 44A of the M2Air Force Act 1955 and as section 29B after section 29A of the 1957 Act, but as if—

(a)in those provisions, as inserted in the Air Force Act 1955, for the words “military law”, in each place where they occur there were substituted the words “ air-force law ”; and

(b)in those provisions, as inserted in the 1957 Act—

(i)for the words “military law”, in each place where they occur, there were substituted the words “ this Act ”;

(ii)the words “on conviction by court-martial”, in each place where they occur, were omitted; and

(iii)for the words “punishment provided”, in each place where they occur, there were substituted the words “ punishment authorised ”.

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Marginal Citations

F23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 3 repealed (31.1.1997) by 1995 c. 38, s. 15(1), SCh. 2(with ss. 1(3), 6(4)(5) and 14); S.I. 1996/3217, art. 2

4 Elimination of distinctions between certain offences.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In sections 28(a), 29(b), 33(1)(a), 55(1) and (2) and 65(a) and (b) of each of the 1955 Acts and in sections 6(b), 11(a), 24(a), 33B(1) and (2) and 36A(a) and (b) of the 1957 Act (offences consisting in striking a person or in otherwise ill-treating him or using violence to him or force against him), the words “strikes or otherwise”, wherever occurring, shall be omitted.

(2)In section 69 of each of the 1955 Acts and in section 39 of the 1957 Act (conduct or neglect to the prejudice of good order and military discipline), for the words “of any conduct or neglect” there shall be substituted the words “ , whether by any act or omission or otherwise, of conduct ”.

Sentence, reconsideration and limitationE+W+S+N.I.

5 Maximum periods of imprisonment or detention for default in payment of fines.E+W+S+N.I.

For subsection (2) of section 71B of each of the 1955 Acts and for subsection (2) of section 43B of the 1957 Act (maximum periods of imprisonment or detention for default in payment of fines) there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(2)Subject to subsections (4) and (5) below, the Table in section 31(3A) of the Powers of Criminal Courts Act 1973 (maximum periods of imprisonment for default in payment of fines etc.), as from time to time amended under section 143 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980, shall have effect for the purpose of determining the maximum periods of further imprisonment or detention that may be specified under subsection (1) above for fines of the amounts set out in that Table.

6 Repeal of power of reconsideration.E+W+S+N.I.

Neither section 114 of the M3Army Act 1955 nor section 114 of the M4Air Force Act 1955 (reconsideration of sentences of imprisonment or detention) shall apply in the case of a sentence awarded after the coming into force of this section.

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Marginal Citations

7 Removal of three year limit for commencement of certain proceedings.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)For subsection (1) of section 132 of each of the 1955 Acts (which, subject to any limit imposed in relation to a corresponding civil offence and to a power of the Attorney General to consent to proceedings in certain cases, imposes a three year limit on the commencement of proceedings for certain offences under the relevant service law) there shall be substituted the following section—

(1)Where by virtue of any enactment proceedings on indictment for any civil offence must be brought within a limited period, no proceedings shall be taken against any person for an offence against section 70 of this Act corresponding to that civil offence unless the trial or proceedings on a summary dealing with the charge is or are begun before the end of that period.

(2)For subsection (1) of section 52 of the 1957 Act (which, with subsection (3) of that section, makes provision equivalent to that made by section 132(1) of each of the 1955 Acts) there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(1)Where by virtue of any enactment proceedings on indictment for any civil offence must be brought within a limited period, a person shall not be tried for that offence under section 42 of this Act unless the trial is begun within that period.

(3)In subsection (3) of the said 52—

(a)for the words “Subsections (1) and (2)” there shall be substituted the words “ Subsection (2) ”; and

(b)for the words from “and in the case of a civil offence” onwards there shall be substituted the words “ or, without prejudice to subsection (1) above, to a civil offence punishable under section 42 of this Act where the civil offence is alleged to have been committed outside the United Kingdom and the Attorney General consents to the trial. ”

(4)Section 7(3) of the M5Armed Forces Act 1976 (which imposes a three year limit on the commencement of proceedings before a Standing Civilian Court) shall cease to have effect.

(5)In section 7(4) of the said Act of 1976 (application to trial by Standing Civilian Court of time limit for corresponding civil offence), after the word “proceedings” there shall be inserted the words “ on indictment ”.

(6)Nothing in this section shall affect the operation of section 132(1) of either of the 1955 Acts, section 52 of the 1957 Act or section 7(3) or (4) of the said Act of 1976 in relation to an offence if the offence was committed before the date on which this section comes into force and—

(a)the period of three years beginning with the commission of the offence expired before that date; or

(b)the offence is an offence under section 70 of either of the 1955 Acts or punishable under section 42 of the 1957 Act and the period between the commission of the offence and that date was longer than the period within which proceedings for the corresponding civil offence must be taken.

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Marginal Citations

CiviliansE+W+S+N.I.

8 Application of limitation period to civilians ceasing to be subject to service law.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subsection (3A) of section 209 of each of the 1955 Acts (application of Act to civilians) shall be renumbered subsection (3B) and before that subsection, as so renumbered, there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(3A)For the purposes of paragraph (g) of subsection (3) of this section a person shall be deemed not to have ceased to be in such circumstances as are mentioned in that paragraph if he has ceased by reason only of one or both of the following, namely—

(a)the fact that he has ceased to be within the limits of a command within whose limits he continues to have his ordinary residence or to serve or to be employed;

(b)the fact that there has been an interruption of his residence with a family of persons whose place of residence continues to be his home.

(2)In Schedule 4 to the 1957 Act (application of Act to certain civilians), after paragraph 4 there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

4AFor the purposes of section 52(2) of this Act a person shall be deemed not to have ceased to be a person to whom this Act applies by virtue of section 118(2) of this Act is he has so ceased by reason only of one or both of the following, namely—

(a)the fact that he has ceased to be within the limits of a command within whose limits he continues to have his ordinary residence or to serve or to be employed;

(b)the fact that there has been an interruption of his residence with a family of persons whose place of residence continues to be his home.

(3)Nothing in this section shall affect the operation of any of the relevant provisions in relation to proceedings for an offence by a person who ceased, after the commission of the offence and more than the specified period before the coming into force of this section, to be in such circumstances that Part II of either of the 1955 Acts or any provision specified in section 118 of the 1957 Act applied to him.

(4)In subsection (3) above—

  • the relevant provisions” means section 132(3) of each of the 1955 Acts and section 52(2) of the 1957 Act; and

  • the specified period”, in relation to any proceedings, means the period specified in relation to those proceedings in the relevant provisions.

9 Power of Standing Civilian Court to defer sentence.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Schedule 5A to the M6Army Act 1955 (powers of court on trial of civilian), after paragraph 2 there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

Deferment of award of sentence

2A(1)Subject to the provisions of this paragraph where a civilian is found guilty of an offence by a Standing Civilian Court, the Standing Civilian Court may defer the award of sentence against him for the purpose of enabling the Standing Civilian Court, or any other court to which it falls to deal with him, to have regard, in dealing with him, to his conduct after conviction (including, where appropriate, the making by him of reparation for his offence) or to any change in his circumstances.

(2)Any deferment under this paragraph shall be until such date as may be specified by the Standing Civilian Court, being a date not more than six months after the date on which the St anding Civilian Court announces the deferment; and where the award of sentence against an offender has been deferred on one occasion, it shall not be further deferred.

(3)The power conferred by this paragraph shall be exercisable only if the offender consents and the Standing Civilian Court is satisfied, having regard to the nature of the offence and the character and circumstances of the offender, that it would be in the interests of justice to exercise the power.

(4)A Standing Civilian Court which has deferred the award of sentence against an offender may deal with him at a time when the period of deferment has not expired if—

(a)he is during that period found guilty of an offence by a court-martial under any of the Services Acts or by a Standing Civilian Court; or

(b)such conditions as may be specified for the purposes of this paragraph in an order under paragraph 12 of Schedule 3 to the Armed Forces Act 1976 (proceedings in Standing Civilian Courts) are satisfied in relation to him.

(5)Without prejudice to sub-paragraph (4) above, where a Standing Civilian Court has deferred the award of sentence against an offender in respect of one or more offences and the offender is, during the period of the deferment, found guilty of an offence (“the subsequent offence”) by a court-martial under any of the Services Acts or by a Standing Civilian Court, then, subject to subsection (6) below, the court which (whether during that period or not) deals with the offender for the subsequent offence may also, if this has not already been done, deal with him for the offence or offences in respect of which the award of sentence was deferred.

(6)Subject to sub-paragraph (7) below, the power of a court under this paragraph to deal with an offender for an offence in respect of which the award of sentence has been deferred shall be a power to deal with him in any way in which the Standing Civilian Court which deferred the award of sentence could have dealt with him for that offence.

(7)In a case falling within sub-paragraph (5) above a court-martial which awards a sentence of imprisonment or a sentence under a custodial order for the subsequent offence may (subject to the application to the aggregate of the sentences of any limit imposed by, or by any provision corresponding to, section 85 of this Act or paragraph 10(1A) below) order that the sentence shall begin to run from the expiry of any sentence which, being a sentence of imprisonment or a sentence under a custodial order, is awarded for the offence or offences in respect of which the award of sentence was deferred.

(8)Where a Standing Civilian Court has deferred the award of sentence against an offender, the Court or the directing officer may order the offender’s arrest either—

(a)in order to secure the offender’s appearance on the day specified by the Standing Civilian Court as the day on which it proposes to deal with him (including a day before the end of the period of deferment); or

(b)where the offender has failed to appear on a day so specified.

(9)Where the arrest of an offender has been ordered under sub-paragraph (8) above, then, whether or not the offender continues to be subject to service law—

(a)he may be arrested—

(i)by a provost officer; or

(ii)by any warrant officer or non-commissioned officer legally exercising authority under or on behalf of a provost officer; or

(iii)by order of any officer of the regular forces or of the regular air force (within the meaning of the Air Force Act 1955); and

(b)a warrant for the offender’s arrest may be issued to any officer or officers of police by the directing officer of by any superior officer or authority.

(10)A warrant under sub-paragraph (9)(b) above shall specify the name of the person for whose arrest it is issued and shall refer to the order of the Standing Civilian Court or directing officer that the person be arrested.

(11)A person arrested under this paragraph shall be delivered into military or air force custody and may be kept in such custody until his appearance before the Standing Civilian Court which deferred the award of sentence against him.

(12)Where under this section an officer of police delivers a person into military or air force custody, there shall be handed over with him a certificate which shall—

(a)be in such form as may be specified by order under paragraph 12 of Schedule 3 to the Armed Forces Act 1976;

(b)be signed by that officer of police; and

(c)state the fact, date, time and place of arrest;

and such a certificate shall for the purposes of this Act be evidence of the matters stated therein.

(13)In this paragraph “the directing officer”, in relation to an offender, means the higher authority by whom the offender was sent for trial for the offence in respect of which the award of sentence was deferred, or any officer for the time being discharging the functions of that authority.

(2)The provisions set out in subsection (1) above shall also be inserted after paragraph 2 of Schedule 5A to the M7Air Force Act 1955 but as if in sub-paragraph (9)(a) for the M8words from “regular forces” to “1955)” there were substituted the words “ regular air force or of the regular forces (within the meaning of the Army Act 1955) ”.

(3)In paragraph 12 of Schedule 3 to the M9Armed Forces Act 1976 (power to make orders with respect to procedures before Standing Civilian Courts), after sub-paragraph (3) there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraph—

(3A)An order under this paragraph may, for the purposes of paragraph 2A of Schedule 5A to the Army Act 1955 and paragraph 2A of Schedule 5A to the Air Force Act 1955, specify the conditions to be satisfied, in relation to an offender, before a Standing Civilian Court that has deferred the award of sentence against the offender may award sentence during the period of deferment.

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Marginal Citations

10 Extension of power to make community supervision orders in relation to civilians.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Schedule 5A to each of the 1955 Acts and Schedule 4A to the 1957 Act, in paragraph 4(1) (power to make community supervision order in relation to a civilian under 21 years of age), the words “under 21 years of age” shall be omitted.

(2)In the first column of the Table in paragraph 15(3) of each of the schedules amended by subsection (1) above (scale of punishments and orders for offenders of 21 and over), after paragraph 3 there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

3ACommunity supervision order.

11 Extension of power to make custodial orders in relation to civilians.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In Schedule 5A to each of the 1955 Acts and Schedule 4A to the 1957 Act, in paragraph 10(1) (custodial orders in respect of offender under 21 but not less than 17 years of age)—

(a)for the words “17 years of age” there shall be substituted the words “ the minimum age ”; and

(b)at the end there shall be inserted the words—

and in this sub-paragraph “the minimum age”, in relation to a male offender, means 15 years of age and, in relation to a female offender, means 17 years of age.

(2)In paragraph 10(1A) of each of the Schedules amended by subsection (1) above (restriction on making of custodial orders), at the end there shall be inserted the words “ and the court shall not make a custodial order committing an offender under 17 years of age to be detained for a period which exceeds twelve months or for a period such that the continuous period for which he is committed to be detained under that order and any one or more other custodial orders exceeds twelve months. ”

(3)In paragraph 10(6)(b) of each of the said Schedules (appropriate institution in Scotland), for sub-paragraph (i) there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraphs—

(i)if the offender is a male person who is under the age of 16 years, such place as the Secretary of State may direct;

(ia)subject to sub-paragraph (ib) below, if the offender is a male person who has attained 16 years of age and the period specified in the order is not less than twenty-eight days nor more than four months, a detention centre;

(ib)where detention in a detention centre would be required by sub-paragraph (ia) above but the offender has already served such a sentence, a young offenders institution; and.

(4)In paragraph 10(6)(c) of each of the said Schedules (appropriate institution in Northern Ireland), for the words “a young offenders centre” there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraphs—

(i)if the offender is a male person who is under the age of 17 years, a remand home; and

(ii)in any other case, a young offenders centre;.

(5)In the third column of the Table in paragraph 15(3) of each of the said Schedules (scale of punishments and orders for offenders under 17), after paragraph 1 there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

1ACustodial order.

(6)This section shall not have effect in relation to offences committed before the coming into force of this section.

12 Power of court-martial to suspend sentence on appeal from Standing Civilian Court.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)In paragraph 18 of Schedule 3 to the M10Armed Forces Act 1976 (appeals from Standing Civilian Courts), after sub-paragraph (11) there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraph—

(12)Where a court-martial passes a sentence on an appeal under this paragraph in a case in which the sentence of the Standing Civilian Court was suspended under paragraph 20(4) below, the court-martial may, if it thinks fit, direct that the suspension shall apply to the sentence of the court-martial in the same way as it would have applied to the sentence of the Standing Civilian Court.

(2)Accordingly, in sub-paragraph (8) of that paragraph, after the word “above” there shall be inserted the words “ and sub-paragraph (12) below ”.

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Marginal Citations

F313. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

Reserve liability of womenE+W+S+N.I.

14 Reserve liability of women.E+W+S+N.I.

Paragraph (a) of section 213 of the M11Army Act 1955 (so much of Part I of that Act as relates to service in and transfer to the reserve not to apply in relation to women members of the regular forces) shall cease to have effect.

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Marginal Citations

Part IIIE+W+S+N.I. Supplemental

15 Interpretation.E+W+S+N.I.

In this Act—

  • the 1955 Acts” means the M12Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955; and

  • the 1957 Act” means the M13Naval Discipline Act 1957.

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Marginal Citations

16 Correction of minor deficiencies, repeals and transitional provision.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect for correcting certain minor deficiencies in the 1955 Acts and in the 1957 Act.

(2)The enactments mentioned in Schedule 2 to this Act are hereby repealed to the extent specified in the third column of that Schedule.

(3)The repeals made by this Act in Schedule 3 to each of the 1955 Acts and the repeals of section 29 of the M14Armed Forces Act 1966 and of paragraph 1(12) and (13) of Schedule 1 to the M15Armed Forces Act 1971 shall not have effect in relation to proceedings for an offence committed before the coming into force of section 4 above.

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Marginal Citations

17 Short title and commencementE+W+S+N.I.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Armed Forces Act 1986.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, Part II of this Act, section 16 above and the provisions of Schedules 1 and 2 to this Act shall come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may, by order made by statutory instrument, appoint; and different days may be so appointed for different provisions and for different purposes.

(3)The repeal by this Act of section 1 of the M16Armed Forces Act 1981 shall come into force on 1st September 1986.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Power of appointment conferred by s. 17(2) fully exercised: S.I. 1986/2071, 2124 and 1987/1998

Marginal Citations

SCHEDULES

Section 16(1).

SCHEDULE 1E+W+S+N.I. Correction of Minor Deficiencies in Services Acts

References to summary sentence for offence in relation to court-martialE+W+S+N.I.

1(1)Each of the 1955 Acts shall have effect, and shall be deemed always to have had effect, with the following amendments (being amendments relating to the effect of a summary sentence for an offence in relation to a court-martial), namely—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)in subsections (3) and (4) of section 71 (certain sentences to be accompanied by dismissal or reduction to the ranks), before the word “sentenced”, in the first place where it occurs in each of those subsections, there shall be inserted the words “ who, otherwise than under section 57(2) of this Act, is ”;

(b)in the proviso to section 107(2) (which qualifies the provision requiring confirmation of a finding or sentence of a court-martial), after the word “not” there shall be inserted the words “ require a sentence under section 57(2) of this Act to be confirmed or ”;

(c)in section 108 (petitions against finding or sentence), after the word “completed” there shall be inserted the words “ or, in the case of a sentence under section 57(2) of this Act, after the award of the sentence ”; and

F4(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Subsections (3) and (4) of section 43 of the 1957 Act (certain sentences to be accompanied by dismissal or disrating) shall have effect, and shall be deemed always to have had effect, as if before the word “sentenced”, in the first place where it occurs in each of those subsections, there were inserted the words “ who, otherwise than under section 38(3) of this Act, is ”.

(3)In section 70 of the 1957 Act (review of finding and sentence)—

(a)in subsection (1) after the words “such a finding” there shall be inserted the words “ or under section 38(3) of this Act ”; and

(b)in subsection (2), for the words “or found thereunder” there shall be substituted the words “ sentenced under section 38(3) of this Act or found under section 63(1) of this Act ”.

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Amendments (Textual)

F4Sch. 1 para. 1(1)(d) repealed (1.4.1997) by 1996 c. 46, s. 35(2), SCh. 7 Pt. II; S.I. 1997/304, art. 2 (with savings in art. 3)

Correction of wrong cross-reference in provision relating to custodial ordersE+W+S+N.I.

2Subsection (3A) of section 38 of the 1957 Act (which, for the purpose of modifying a reference to a power to impose a sentence of imprisonment, refers to subsection (2) of that section) shall have effect, and shall be deemed always to have had effect, as if for the words “subsection (2)” there were substituted the words “ subsection (3) ”.E+W+S+N.I.

Punishment for civil offencesE+W+S+N.I.

3In section 42(1)(c) of the 1957 Act (maximum punishment for civil offence to be same as could be imposed on the offender by a civil court), the words “on the offender” shall be omitted.E+W+S+N.I.

Position of custodial orders in scale of punishmentsE+W+S+N.I.

4In section 71 of each of the 1955 Acts and in section 43 of the 1957 Act (scale of punishments and supplementary provisions), for the proviso in subsection (1) there shall be substituted the following proviso—E+W+S+N.I.

Provided that a punishment such as is mentioned in paragraph (e) of this subsection shall not be treated as a less punishment than a punishment such as is mentioned in paragraph (b) or (bb) if the term of detention is longer than the term of imprisonment or, as the case may be, than the term of detention by virtue of the custodial order.

Consecutive periods of detention under custodial order etc.E+W+S+N.I.

5(1)The 1955 Acts and the 1957 Act shall have effect in relation to the making of a custodial order at any time after the coming into force of this paragraph with the following amendments (being amendments which enable a period of detention under a custodial order to run consecutively with another such period and, except where the order is made under either of the 1955 Acts by a Standing Civilian Court, to exceed two years.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)For subsection (5) of section 71AA of each of the 1955 Acts there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(5)The following provisions of this Act shall apply in the case of a sentence under a custodial order as they apply in the case of a sentence of imprisonment, that is to say—

(a)sections 71(3) and (4), 118(1), 118A(1) and (3), 119A(3) and 145; and

(b)for the period before a person sentenced under a custodial order is received into the institution where he is to be detained (or for the currency of the sentence if its term ends before he is so received), sections 119(2), (4) and (5), 122, 123, 129, 142 and 190B;

and, accordingly, references in those provisions to a sentence of imprisonment shall include for the purposes of this subsection references to a sentence under a custodial order.

(3)For sub-paragraph (5A) of paragraph 10 of Schedule 5A to each of the 1955 Acts there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—

(5A)The following provisions shall apply in the case of a sentence under a custodial order as they apply in the case of a sentence of imprisonment by the same court, that is to say—

(a)where the court is a court-martial, sections 118(1) and 118A(1) and (3) of this Act; and

(b)where the court is a Standing Civilian Court, section 8(2) of the Armed Forces Act 1976;

and, accordingly, references in those provisions to a sentence of imprisonment shall include for the purposes of this sub-paragraph references to a sentence under a custodial order.

(4)In sub-paragraph (5B) of each of the paragraphs amended by sub-paragraph (3) above, for the word “detention” there shall be substituted the word “ imprisonment ”.

(5)For subsection (5) of section 43AA of the 1957 Act there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(5)The following provisions of this Act shall apply in the case of a sentence under a custodial order as they apply in the case of a sentence of imprisonment, that is to say—

(a)sections 43(3) and (4), 85(1), 86(1) and (3), 89(3) and 92(1); and

(b)for the period before a person sentenced under a custodial order is received into the institution where he is to be detained (or for the currency of the sentence if its term ends before he is so received), sections 81, 82, 87, 88, 104, 119 and 130A;

and, accordingly, references in those provisions to a sentence of imprisonment shall include for the purposes of this subsection references to a sentence under a custodial order.

(6)For sub-paragraph (5A) of paragraph 10 of Schedule 4A to the 1957 Act there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraph—

(5A)The following provisions of this Act shall apply in the case of a sentence under a custodial order as they apply in the case of a sentence of imprisonment, that is to say—

(a)sections 85(1), 86(1) and (3) and 92(1); and

(b)for the period before a person sentenced under a custodial order is received into the institution where he is to be detained (or for the currency of the sentence if its term ends before he is so received), sections 81, 82, 87, 88, 104, 119 and 130A;

and, accordingly, references in those provisions to a sentence of imprisonment shall include for the purposes of this sub-paragraph references to a sentence under a custodial order.

Correction of modification of section 132(3) of each of the 1955 ActsE+W+S+N.I.

6(1)In paragraph 7 of Schedule 6 to the M17Army Act 1955 (which provides for the limitation of time for trial of attached members of Her Majesty’s naval or air forces), for the words from “substitution” onwards there shall be substituted the words “ substitution for references to military law of references to service law. ”E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In paragraph 7 of Schedule 6 to the M18Air Force Act 1955 (which provides for the limitation of time for trial of attached members of Her Majesty’s naval or military forces), for the words from “substitution” onwards there shall be substituted the words “ substitution for references to air-force law of references to service law. ”

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Marginal Citations

Financial penalties enforcement ordersE+W+S+N.I.

7(1)Section 133A of each of the 1955 Acts and section 128F of the 1957 Act (financial penalty enforcement orders) shall be amended as follows.E+W+S+N.I.

(2)For paragraph (b) of subsection (1) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(b)the penalty was—

(i)a fine awarded in respect of a qualifying offence (or in respect of such an offence together with other offences) on the conviction of a qualifying offence either of that person or of the person as whose parent or guardian that person is to pay the penalty; or

(ii)stoppages or a compensation order awarded in respect of a qualifying offence, (whether on the conviction of any person of the offence or on a request by any person for the offence to be taken into consideration); and

(3)In subsection (4)(d) (contents of certificate), for the words “charge or charges” there shall be substituted the words “ offence or offences ”.

(4)After subsection (10) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(11)Where a fine has been awarded together with stoppages or a compensation order, this section shall have effect in relation to the fine and to the stoppages or compensation order as if they were separate penalties.

Application of 1957 Act to passengers on board H.M. vesselsE+W+S+N.I.

8In section 117 of the 1957 Act (application of Act to passengers on board H.M. ships), after the word “ships” there shall be inserted the word “ ,vessels ”.E+W+S+N.I.

Deductions from naval payE+W+S+N.I.

9(1)Section 128A of the 1957 Act shall have effect, and shall be deemed always to have had effect, as if—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)in subsection (1) (which limits the deductions that may be made from pay), for the words from “by Her Majesty by an Order in Council made under this section” onwards there were substituted the words “ by or under an Order in Council made under the M19Naval and Marine Pay and Pensions Act 1865”; ”

(b)in subsection (2) (Orders in Council not to authorise penal deductions), for the words “An Order in Council under this section” there were substituted “ Such an Order in Council ”; and

(c)in subsection (3) (power to make supplemental provision with respect to deductions), for the words “Her Majesty may by Order in Council under this section and” there were substituted the words “ and without prejudice to the power conferred on Her Majesty in Council by section 3 of the said Act of 1865 ”.

(2)Accordingly, section 128D of the 1957 Act (remission of deductions) shall have effect, and shall be deemed always to have had effect, as if for the words “under an Order in Council made under section 128A above” there were substituted the words “ by or under an Order in Council made under section 3 of the Naval and Marine Pay and Pensions Act 1865 ”.

(3)For the purposes of deductions made before the coming into force of this paragraph from the pay of persons subject to the 1957 Act the reference in subsection (3) of the said section 128A to a deduction authorised by Act shall be deemed at all relevant times to have included a reference to the deduction of a sum due to the Crown.

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Marginal Citations

Construction of references to the holding of a commissionE+W+S+N.I.

10(1)Section 225 of the M20Army Act 1955 and section 223 of the M21Air Force Act 1955 (general interpretation) shall each have effect, and be deemed always to have had effect, as if before subsection (2) there were inserted the following subsection—E+W+S+N.I.

(1C)References in this Act, in relation to any of Her Majesty’s forces, to an officer holding a commission include references to a person to whom a commission is required to be issued; and for the purposes of this Act, where a commission issued to any person takes effect from a date earlier than the date of its issue, that earlier date shall be conclusively presumed to be the date on which the requirement to issue the commission arose.

(2)Section 135 of the 1957 Act (general interpretation) shall have effect, and be deemed always to have had effect, as if after subsection (2) there were inserted the following subsection—

(2A)References in this Act, in relation to any of the armed forces of the Crown, to an officer holding a commission include references to a person to whom a commission is required to be issued; and for the purposes of this Act, where a commission issued to any person takes effect from a date earlier than the date of its issue, that earlier date shall be conclusively presumed to be the date on which the requirement to issue the commission arose.

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Marginal Citations

Awards against parents and guardiansE+W+S+N.I.

11Sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 13 of Schedule 5A to each of the 1955 Acts (fines and compensation orders against parents and guardians) shall have effect, and shall be deemed to have had effect since the coming into force of paragraph 9 of Schedule 8 to the M22Criminal Justice Act 1982, as if for paragraphs (a) and (b) (which were contained in the amendment of the said paragraph 13 made by the said paragraph 9) there were substituted the following paragraphs—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)a civilian under 17 years of age is found guilty of an offence; and

(b)the court is of the opinion that the case would best be met (whether or not in conjunction with any other punishment) by the exercise of any power of the court to impose a fine in respect of the offence or to make a compensation order in respect of the offence or of any other offence taken into consideration in determining sentence,.

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Marginal Citations

Application to 1957 Act of Amendments of 1955 Acts made by Criminal Justice Act 1982E+W+S+N.I.

12(1)Schedule 4A to the 1957 Act (powers of court on trial of civilian) shall have effect with the following amendments (being amendments which correspond to those made in Schedule 5A to each of the 1955 Acts by paragraphs 9, 10 and 11 of Schedule 8 to the Criminal Justice Act 1982 and by paragraph 11 above).E+W+S+N.I.

(2)In paragraph 13, for sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) there shall be substituted the following sub-paragraphs—

(1)Where—

(a)a civilian under 17 years of age is found guilty of any offence; and

(b)the court is of the opinion that the case would best be met (whether or not in conjunction with any other punishment) by the exercise of any power of the court to impose a fine in respect of the offence or to make a compensation order in respect of the offence or any other offence taken into consideration in determining sentence,

it shall be the duty of the court to order that the fine or compensation awarded be paid by any parent or guardian of his who is a service parent or guardian, instead of by the person himself, unless the court is satisfied—

(i)that the parent or guardian cannot be found; or

(ii)that it would be unreasonable to make an order for payment, have regard to the circumstances of the case.

(2)An order under this paragraph may be made against the parent or guardian if—

(a)he has been required to attend in the manner prescribed by General Orders under section 58 of this Act, and

(b)he has failed to do so,

but, save as aforesaid, no such order shall be made without giving the parent or guardian an opportunity of being heard.

(3 )F5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)In paragraph 15(3)—

(a)in the second column of the Table, in paragraph 2, for the word “Imprisonment” there shall be substituted the words “ Custody for life ”; and

(b)in paragraph (i) of the Note following the Table for the word “imprisonment” there shall be substituted the words “ custody for life ”.

(5)F5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

Section 16(2).

SCHEDULE 2E+W+S+N.I. Repeals

ChapterShort titleExtent of repeal
3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18The Army Act 1955.In section 28(a), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 29(b), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 33(1)(a), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 55(1) and (2), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 65(a) and (b), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 71B(1), the words “such as is specified in subsection (2) below”.
Section 114.
In section 120, in subsection (3), the words “or reconsideration” and “or reconsidering” and, in subsection (4), the words “or reconsideration”.
In section 133A(10), paragraph (d) of the definition of “financial penalty” and the word “or” immediately preceding it.
Section 205(3).
Section 213(a).
In Schedule 3, paragraphs 1A, 2, 4A, 11, 13 and 14 and in paragraphs 3 and 12, the words “otherwise than by striking him” and “other than striking”, respectively.
In Schedule 5A, in paragraph 4(1), the words “under 21 years of age”.
3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 19The Air Force Act 1955.In section 28(a), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 29(b), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 33(1)(a), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 55(1) and (2), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 65(a) and (b), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 71B(1), the words “such as is specified in subsection (2) below”.
Section 114.
In section 120, in subsection (3), the words “or reconsideration” and “or reconsidering” and, in subsection (4), the words “or reconsideration”.
In section 133A(10), paragraph (d) of the definition of “financial penalty” and the word “or” immediately preceding it.
Section 205(4).
In Schedule 3, paragraphs 1A, 2, 4A, 11, 13 and 14 and in paragraphs 3 and 12, the words “otherwise than by striking him” and “other than striking”, respectively.
In Schedule 5A, in paragraph 4(1), the words “under 21 years of age”.
5 & 6 Eliz. 2 c. 53.The Naval Discipline Act 1957In section 6(b), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 11(a), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 24(a), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 33B(1) and (2), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 36A(a) and (b), the words “strikes or otherwise”.
In section 42(1)(c), the words “on the offender”.
In section 43B(1), the words “such as is specified in subsection (2) below”.
In section 128F(10), paragraph (d) of the definition of “financial penalty” and the word “or” immediately preceding it.
In Schedule 4A, in paragraph 4(1), the words “under 21 years of age”.
1966 c. 45.The Armed Forces Act 1966.Section 29.
1971 c. 33.The Armed Forces Act 1971.Section 26(1).
In section 33, the words “by substituting the word “conduct” for the words “act, disorder””.
Section 54(1).In Schedule 1, paragraph 1(12) and (13).
1976 c. 52.The Armed Forces Act 1976.Section 7(3).
1980 c. 9.The Reserve Forces Act 1980.In section 6(3)(b), the words “(including one entitled to the issue of such a commission)”.
In section 117(2), the words “(including a person entitled to the issue of one)”.
1981 c. 55.The Armed Forces Act 1981.Section 1.
Section 6(3)(a) and (b).
1982 c. 48.The Criminal Justice Act 1982.Section 69(2).

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