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Transport Act 1985

1985 CHAPTER 67

An Act to amend the law relating to road passenger transport; to make provision for the transfer of the operations of the National Bus Company to the private sector; to provide for the reorganisation of passenger transport in the public sector; to provide for local and central government financial support for certain passenger transport services and travel concessions; to make further provision with respect to the powers of London Regional Transport; to make new provision with respect to the constitution, powers and proceedings of the Transport Tribunal; to make provision with respect to grants payable under section 92 of the Finance Act 1965; to establish a Disabled Persons Transport Advisory Committee; and for connected purposes.

[30th October 1985]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act amended by S.I. 1986/1628, reg. 5(2)(3)

C3Act: power to amend conferred (E.W.) (1.4.2008) by Concessionary Bus Travel Act 2007 (c. 13) {ss. 9(6)}, 15; S.I. 2007/2799, art. 3 (with art. 4)

Commencement Information

I1Act not in force at Royal Assent; Act wholly in force at 13.8.1987 except as provided by S.I. 1987/1228, art. 2

Part IE+W+S General Provisions Relating to Road Passenger Transport

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Pt. I (ss. 1-33) modified by S.I. 1984/748, regs. 5(2), 6(2) (as amended by S.I. 1987/1755, reg. 2(2)

Abolition of road service licensingE+W+S

1 Abolition of road service licensing.E+W+S

(1)The provisions of Part III of the 1981 Act (road service licences) shall cease to have effect.

(2)Those provisions are replaced—

(a)in relation to London local services, by Part II of this Act; and

(b)in relation to other local services, by sections 6 to 9 of this Act.

(3)Schedule 1 to this Act shall have effect for the purpose of making amendments in other enactments consequential on this section.

Meaning of “local service”E+W+S

2 Local services.E+W+S

(1)In this Act “local service” means a service, using one or more public service vehicles, for the carriage of passengers by road at separate fares other than one—

(a)which is excluded by subsection (4) below; or

(b)in relation to which (except in an emergency) one or both of the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) below are met with respect to every passenger using the service.

(2)The conditions are that—

(a)the place where he is set down is fifteen miles or more, measured in a straight line, from the place where he was taken up;

(b)some point on the route between those places is fifteen miles or more, measured in a straight line, from either of those places.

(3)Where a service consists of one or more parts with respect to which one or both of the conditions are met, and one or more parts with respect to which neither of them is met, each of those parts shall be treated as a separate service for the purposes of subsection (1) above.

(4)A service shall not be regarded for the purposes of this Act as a local service if—

(a)the conditions set out in Part III of Schedule 1 to the 1981 Act (trips organised privately by persons acting independently of vehicle operators, etc.) are met in respect of each journey made by the vehicles used in providing the service; or

(b)every vehicle used in providing the service is so used under a permit granted under section 19 of this Act.

(5)Subsections (5)(b), (c) and (6) of section 1 of the 1981 Act (meaning of “fares”) shall apply for the purposes of this section.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 2 excluded (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

Traffic commissionersE+W+S

3 Traffic commissioners.E+W+S

(1)There shall cease to be a body of traffic commissioners for each traffic area constituted for the purposes of the 1981 Act (and the appointment of any person who, immediately before the day on which this section comes into force, was a traffic commissioner or deputy to a traffic commissioner shall accordingly come to an end on that day).

(2)For sections 4 and 5 of the 1981 Act (traffic commissioners) there shall be substituted the following sections—

4 Traffic commissioners.

(1)There shall be a commissioner for each traffic area constituted for the purposes of this Act.

(2)The commissioner for each traffic area shall be appointed by the Secretary of State and shall be known as the traffic commissioner for the area.

(3)The traffic commissioner for a traffic area shall be responsible for issuing licences under this Act and shall have such other functions as are given to him by, or in pursuance of, this Act or any other enactment.

(4)Any person appointed to be the traffic commissioner for a traffic area shall—

(a)act under the general directions of the Secretary of State; and

(b)vacate his office on attaining the age of sixty-five, or on such later date before he attains the age of sixty-six as the Secretary of State may at any time direct, but otherwise hold office during Her Majesty’s pleasure.

(5)Where the Secretary of State proposes to appoint a person to be the traffic commissioner for a traffic area he shall, before making the appointment, require that person to declare if he has any, and if so what, financial interest in any transport undertaking which carries passengers or goods by road within Great Britain.

(6)Schedule 2 to this Act shall have effect with respect to traffic commissioners.

5 Publication of information by traffic commissioners.

(1)Every traffic commissioner shall publish, in such form and at such times as may be prescribed, such information with respect to the exercise, or proposed exercise, of any of his functions under this Act or the Transport Act 1985 as may be prescribed.

(2)Where the traffic commissioner for a traffic area publishes information under this section he shall—

(a)send a copy of the publication—

(i)to every chief officer of police, Passenger Transport Executive and local authority whose area falls partly or wholly within that traffic area; and

(ii)where that traffic area falls wholly or partly within London, to London Regional Transport; and

(b)make a copy of it available (by post if required and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed) to anyone who asks for one.

(3)In this section “local authority” means—

(a)in England and Wales, the council of any non-metropolitan county, any district or London borough or the Common Council of the City of London; and

(b)in Scotland, any regional or islands council.

(3)For Schedule 2 to the 1981 Act (traffic commissioners) there shall be substituted the Schedule set out in Part I of Schedule 2 to this Act.

(4)For subsection (1) of section 59 of the 1968 Act (licensing authority for Part V of that Act) there shall be substituted—

(1)The traffic commissioner for any traffic area constituted for the purposes of the Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981 shall exercise the functions conferred on him by this Part of this Act and is in this Part of this Act referred to as “the licensing authority.”

(5)Part II of Schedule 2 to this Act shall have effect for the purpose of making further consequential amendments in other enactments.

4 Inquiries held by traffic commissioners.E+W+S

For section 54 of the 1981 Act (procedure of traffic commissioners) there shall be substituted the following section—

54 Inquiries held by traffic commissioners.

(1)A traffic commissioner may, at such places as appear to him to be convenient, hold such inquiries as he thinks fit in connection with the exercise of his functions.

(2)Where, as respects the proposed exercise of his powers on any occasion, a traffic commissioner receives a request for an inquiry from two or more persons he may hold a single inquiry in response to those requests.

(3)Subject to any provision made by regulations, any inquiry held under this section shall be public.

(4)Where a traffic commissioner proposes to hold an inquiry for the purpose of considering any application or proposal, he shall publish notice of the inquiry in the prescribed manner.

(5)Where a traffic commissioner holds an inquiry he may, in such circumstances as may be prescribed and subject to any provision made under subsection (6) below, make such order as he thinks fit as to the payment, by such party to the inquiry as he thinks fit, of costs incurred by him or by the Secretary of State in connection with the holding of the inquiry.

(6)Regulations may make provision, in relation to orders under subsection (5) above, as to—

(a)the method of calculating the amount of any costs incurred as mentioned in that subsection; and

(b)the maximum amount which may be ordered to be paid under such an order.

(7)Any amount so ordered to be paid by any person may be recoverable from him—

(a)in England and Wales, as a debt due to the Crown; or

(b)in Scotland, by the Secretary of State.

(8)Information with respect to any particular trade or business which is given at any such inquiry while admission to the inquiry is restricted in accordance with regulations shall not be disclosed, so long as that trade or business continues to be carried on, except—

(a)with the consent of the person for the time being carrying it on;

(b)for the purpose of the discharge by any person of his functions under any enactment mentioned in subsection (9) below; or

(c)with a view to the institution of, or otherwise for the purposes of, any legal proceedings pursuant to or arising out of any such enactment (including proceedings before the Transport Tribunal);

and any person who discloses any information in contravention of this subsection shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(9)The enactments referred to in subsection (8)(b) and (c) above are—

(a)sections 12 to 21 of this Act; and

(b)sections 24 to 28 of the Transport Act 1985.

(10)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument amend subsection (9) above by adding a reference to an enactment or by removing any such reference; and any statutory instrument made in exercise of the power conferred by this subsection shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

5 Assistance for traffic commissioners in considering financial questions.E+W+S

After section 17 of the 1981 Act, there shall be inserted the following section—

17A Assessors to assist traffic commissioners.

(1)In considering any financial question which appears to him to arise in relation to the exercise of his functions under section 14, 16 or 17 of this Act, a traffic commissioner may be assisted by an assessor drawn from a panel of persons appointed by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this section.

(2)A traffic commissioner shall pay to any such assessor, in respect of his services, such remuneration as may be determined by the Secretary of State with the consent of the Treasury.

Registration of local servicesE+W+S

6 Registration of local services. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8S. 6 excluded by S.I. 1986/1671, reg. 10

(1)In this section “service” means a local service which is neither a London local service [F1nor a service which falls within subsection (1A) below]F1 nor a service provided under an agreement [F2entered into, where a railway service has been temporarily interrupted, with the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the National Assembly for Wales under section 40 of the Railways Act 2005 (substitution services provided for interrupted or discontinued railway services)]F2 .

[F3(1A)A service falls within this subsection if conditions A and B are satisfied in relation to it.

(1B)Condition A is satisfied if the service is provided in pursuance of—

(a)the obligation placed on a local education authority by section 508B(1), section 508F(1), section 509(1) or (1A), or section 509AA(7)(b) or (9)(a) of the Education Act 1996 (provision of transport etc);

(b)the exercise of the power of a local education authority under section 508C(1) of that Act; or

(c)arrangements made by a local education authority in pursuance of a scheme made by them under Schedule 35C to that Act (school travel schemes).

(1C)Condition B is satisfied if the service is for the carriage of any of the following persons (and no other)—

(a)a person receiving education or training at premises to or from which transport is provided in pursuance of the obligation, the exercise of the power or the arrangements, as the case may be, mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection (1B);

(b)a person supervising or escorting any such person while he is using such transport;

(c)a person involved with the provision of education or training at any such premises.]

F3(2)Subject to regulations under this section, no service shall be provided in any traffic area in which there is a stopping place for the service unless—

(a)the prescribed particulars of the service have been registered with the traffic commissioner for that area by the operator of the service;

(b)the period of notice in relation to the registration has expired; and

(c)the service is operated in accordance with the registered particulars.

(3)In subsection (2) above “the period of notice”, in relation to any registration, means, subject to regulations under this section—

(a)the period prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; or

(b)if longer, the period beginning with the registration and ending with the date given to the traffic commissioner by the operator as the date on which the service will begin.

(4)An application for registration shall only be accepted from a person who either holds an unconditional PSV operator’s licence or a permit under section 22 of this Act or is using, or proposing to use, a school bus belonging to that person for farepaying passengers in accordance with section 46(1) of the 1981 Act.

(5)In subsection (4) above “unconditional”, in relation to a PSV operator’s licence, means a licence which does not have attached to it a condition imposed under section 26(1) of this Act prohibiting, or having the effect of prohibiting, the operator from using vehicles under the licence to provide the service to which the application in question relates.

(6)In this Act any reference to a service registered under this section is a reference to a service in respect of which the prescribed particulars are registered under this section.

(7)Any registration may be varied or cancelled on an application made by the operator of the service to which it relates.

(8)Subject to regulations under this section, the variation or cancellation of a registration shall become effective—

(a)on the expiry of the period beginning with the date on which the traffic commissioner accepts the application and ending with the date determined in accordance with regulations under this section; or

(b)if later, on the day given to the traffic commissioner by the operator as the effective date for the variation or (as the case may be) cancellation.

(9)Regulations may be made for the purpose of carrying this section into effect and any such regulations may, in particular, make provision—

(a)for permitting the variation of a registered service, in such circumstances as may be prescribed, without variation of the registration;

(b)for excluding or modifying the application of subsection (3) or (8) above in such cases or classes of case as may be prescribed;

(c)that in such cases or classes of case as may be prescribed—

(i)subsection (2) above shall have effect as if for the reference in paragraph (b) to the period of notice there were substituted a reference to such period as the traffic commissioner may determine;

(ii)subsection (8) above shall have effect as if for the reference in paragraph (a) to the date on which the period mentioned in that paragraph is to expire there were substituted a reference to such date as he may determine;

(d)as to the procedure for applying for registration or for the variation or cancellation of a registration;

(e)for an application for registration or for the variation or cancellation of a registration not to be accepted by the traffic commissioner to whom it is made unless the applicant gives to the commissioner such information as he may reasonably require in connection with the application;

(f)as to the traffic commissioner to whom an application for registration is to be made in the case of services which will run through the areas of two or more traffic commissioners;

(g)as to the documents (if any) to be issued by a traffic commissioner with respect to registrations;

(h)as to the cancellation of registrations relating to discontinued services;

(i)for enabling a traffic commissioner to require the operator of a registered service, in such circumstances as may be prescribed, to keep records of such matters relating to the operation of the service, in such manner, as may be prescribed;

(j)for requiring the operator of a registered service who is required to keep records by regulations made by virtue of paragraph (i) above to make those records available to the traffic commissioner;

(k)for requiring the operator or prospective operator of a registered service to give, to such persons and at such times as may be prescribed, such information as may be prescribed with respect to the service, or proposed service, or any proposal to vary or cancel the registration of the service;

(l)for excluding from the application of this section services which are—

(i)excursions or tours; or

(ii)excursions or tours falling within a prescribed class.

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Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 6(1) inserted (E.W.) (1.9.2007) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), ss. 85, 188, {Sch. 10 para. 2(2}; S.I. 2007/1801, art. 4(l)

F2Words in s. 6(1) substituted (24.7.2005 for specified purposes and otherwise 16.10.2005) by Railways Act 2005 (c. 14), ss. 59, 60, Sch. 12 para. 8; S.I. 2005/1909, art. 2; S.I. 2005/2182, art. 2, Sch. 1

F3S. 6(1A)-(1C) inserted (E.W.) (1.9.2007 for specified purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), ss. 85, 188, Sch. 10 para. 2(3); S.I. 2007/1801, art. 4(l)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8S. 6 excluded by S.I. 1986/1671, reg. 10

C9S. 6 excluded (21.7.1994) by 1994 c. xv, s. 73(3)

S. 6-9 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

Ss. 6-9 restricted (E.W.) (26.10.2001 for E. and otherwise

prosp.) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 129(1)-(3), 275; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

Ss. 6-9: power to modify conferred (E.W.) (1.8.2001 for W. and 26.10.2001 for E.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 134(2)(a); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 2; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

S. 6 excluded (24.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/3627, art. 62(3)

C11S. 6 excluded (11.1.2006) by The Cambridgeshire Guided Busway Order 2005; S.I. 2005/3523, art. 37(3) (with art. 52)

6 Registration of local services. S
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C88S. 6 excluded by S.I. 1986/1671, reg. 10

(1)In this section “service” means a local service which is neither a London local service nor a service provided under an agreement [F2entered into, where a railway service has been temporarily interrupted, with the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the National Assembly for Wales under section 40 of the Railways Act 2005 (substitution services provided for interrupted or discontinued railway services)]F2.

(2)Subject to regulations under this section, no service shall be provided in any traffic area in which there is a stopping place for the service unless—

(a)the prescribed particulars of the service have been registered with the traffic commissioner for that area by the operator of the service;

(b)the period of notice in relation to the registration has expired; and

(c)the service is operated in accordance with the registered particulars.

(3)In [F228this section]the period of notice”, in relation to any registration, means, subject to regulations under this section—

(a)the period prescribed for the purposes of this subsection; or

(b)if longer, the period beginning with the registration and ending with the date given to the traffic commissioner by the operator as the date on which the service will begin.

(4)An application for registration shall only be accepted from a person who either holds an unconditional PSV operator’s licence or a permit under section 22 of this Act or is using, or proposing to use, a school bus belonging to that person for farepaying passengers in accordance with section 46(1) of the 1981 Act.

(5)In subsection (4) above “unconditional”, in relation to a PSV operator’s licence, means a licence which does not have attached to it a condition imposed under section 26(1) of this Act prohibiting, or having the effect of prohibiting, the operator from using vehicles under the licence to provide the service to which the application in question relates.

(6)In this Act any reference to a service registered under this section is a reference to a service in respect of which the prescribed particulars are registered under this section.

(7)Any registration may be varied or cancelled on an application made by the operator of the service to which it relates.

(8)Subject to regulations under this section, the variation or cancellation of a registration shall become effective—

(a)on the expiry of the period beginning with the date on which the traffic commissioner accepts the application and ending with the date determined in accordance with regulations under this section; or

(b)if later, on the day given to the traffic commissioner by the operator as the effective date for the variation or (as the case may be) cancellation.

[F229(8A)Where a service is registered under this section or, as the case may be, a registration is varied under this section, the operator of the service which has been registered, or in respect of which the registration has been varied, shall provide that service for a period of at least 90 days (or, as the case may be, such other period as the traffic commissioner may specify) beginning with the day on which the period of notice expires or, as the case may be, the variation becomes effective.]

(9)Regulations may be made for the purpose of carrying this section into effect and any such regulations may, in particular, make provision—

(a)for permitting the variation of a registered service, in such circumstances as may be prescribed, without variation of the registration;

(b)for excluding or modifying the application of subsection (3) or (8) above in such cases or classes of case as may be prescribed;

(c)that in such cases or classes of case as may be prescribed—

(i)subsection (2) above shall have effect as if for the reference in paragraph (b) to the period of notice there were substituted a reference to such period as the traffic commissioner may determine;

(ii)subsection (8) above shall have effect as if for the reference in paragraph (a) to the date on which the period mentioned in that paragraph is to expire there were substituted a reference to such date as he may determine;

(d)as to the procedure for [F230or in connection with]applying for registration or for the variation or cancellation of a registration;

[F231(da)subject to subsection (10) below, specifying dates as the only dates on which the operator of a local service in the area (or areas) of such local authority (or authorities) as may be specified in the regulations may vary a registration in so far as it relates to the scheduled times of the local service in respect of which the registration is made;]

(e)for an application for registration or for the variation or cancellation of a registration not to be accepted by the traffic commissioner to whom it is made unless the applicant gives to the commissioner [F232, in such form as he may require,] such information as he may reasonably require in connection with the application;

(f)as to the traffic commissioner to whom an application for registration is to be made in the case of services which will run through the areas of two or more traffic commissioners;

(g)as to the documents (if any) to be issued by a traffic commissioner with respect to registrations;

(h)as to the cancellation of registrations relating to discontinued services;

(i)for enabling a traffic commissioner to require the operator of a registered service, in such circumstances as may be prescribed, to keep records of such matters relating to the operation of the service, in such manner, as may be prescribed;

(j)for requiring the operator of a registered service who is required to keep records by regulations made by virtue of paragraph (i) above to make those records available to the traffic commissioner;

(k)for requiring the operator or prospective operator of a registered service to give, to such persons and at such times as may be prescribed, such information as may be prescribed with respect to the service, or proposed service, or any proposal to vary or cancel the registration of the service;

(l)for excluding from the application of this section services which are—

(i)excursions or tours; or

(ii)excursions or tours falling within a prescribed class.

[F233(10)Regulations making provision such as is mentioned in subsection (9)(da) above may not—

(a)have effect for a period of more than three years;

(b)specify more than four dates in a calendar year as dates on which a registration may be varied.]

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Extent Information

E12This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 6(1) substituted (24.7.2005 for specified purposes and otherwise 16.10.2005) by Railways Act 2005 (c. 14), ss. 59, 60, Sch. 12 para. 8; S.I. 2005/1909, art. 2; S.I. 2005/2182, art. 2, Sch. 1

F228Words in s. 6(3) substituted (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 45(a) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 6 excluded (11.1.2006) by The Cambridgeshire Guided Busway Order 2005; S.I. 2005/3523, art. 37(3) (with art. 52)

C88S. 6 excluded by S.I. 1986/1671, reg. 10

C89S. 6 excluded (21.7.1994) by 1994 c. xv, s. 73(3)

S. 6-9 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

Ss. 6-9 restricted (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 22(1)(a) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II

S. 6 extended (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 8(5)(7) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II

S. 6 extended (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 22(3) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II

S. 6 extended (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 32(2) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2, Sch. Pt. II

S. 6 excluded (S.) (1.7.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/219, reg. 11

S. 6 excluded (24.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/3627, art. 62(3)

C90S. 6(2) modified (S.) (1.7.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/219, reg. 7(1)(a)

C91S. 6(3) modified (S.) (1.7.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/219, reg. 8(1)

C92S. 6(8) modified (S.) (1.7.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/219, reg. 7(1)(b)

S. 6(8) modified (S.) (1.7.2001) by S.S.I. 2001/219, reg. 8(1)

7 Application of traffic regulation conditions to local services subject to registration under section 6.E+W+S

(1)If a traffic authority asks him to exercise his powers under this section in relation to a particular traffic problem, the traffic commissioner for any traffic area may determine conditions (“traffic regulation conditions”) which must be met in the provision of services in the area to which the conditions are expressed to apply.

(2)In this section “service” means any local service to which section 6 of this Act applies.

(3)The area to which traffic regulation conditions may be expressed to apply is any part of the traffic area of the traffic commissioner determining them.

(4)No traffic commissioner shall determine traffic regulation conditions unless he is satisfied, after considering the traffic in the area in question, that such conditions are required in order to—

(a)prevent danger to road users; F4. . .

(b)reduce severe traffic congestion [F5; or

(c)reduce or limit noise or air pollution.]

(5)In considering what traffic regulation conditions to apply to a particular area a traffic commissioner shall have regard in particular to the interests of—

(a)those who have registered under section 6 of this Act services which are or will be operated in the area;

(b)those who are, or are likely to be, users of such services; and

(c)persons who are elderly or disabled.

(6)The purposes for which traffic regulation conditions may be determined are the regulation of—

(a)the routes of services;

(b)the stopping places for services;

(c)when vehicles used in providing services may stop at such stopping places and for how long they may do so; and

(d)such other matters as may be prescribed.

(7)Subject to subsection (8) below, traffic regulation conditions shall apply—

(a)to all services operated in the area to which the conditions are expressed to apply; or

(b)to such class of service operated there as may be specified in the conditions.

(8)Where the traffic commissioner for any traffic area is satisfied that traffic regulation conditions applying generally to a particular part of his traffic area would be inappropriate as a means of achieving the regulation of traffic which he considers is required there, he may determine traffic regulation conditions which apply only to the service or services specified in the conditions.

(9)Before determining any traffic regulation conditions, a traffic commissioner shall hold an inquiry if he has received (within the prescribed period) a request for an inquiry from—

(a)the traffic authority which made the request under subsection (1) above;

(b)any other traffic authority likely to be affected by traffic regulation conditions determined in response to that request; or

(c)any person who has registered under section 6 of this Act a service which is or will be operated in the area in question;

and the request has not been withdrawn.

(10)Subsection (9) above shall not apply where the traffic commissioner is satisfied that the conditions should be determined without delay.

(11)Where, in reliance on subsection (10) above, a traffic commissioner determines traffic regulation conditions without first holding an inquiry, he shall hold one as soon as is reasonably practicable if any person mentioned in subsection (9)(a) or (c) above or any other traffic authority affected by the conditions has, before the end of the prescribed period, asked him to do so.

(12)Before asking a traffic commissioner to exercise his powers under this section in relation to a [F6a road for which the Secretary of State is the highway or roads authority], a traffic authority shall obtain leave of the Secretary of State; but leave given under this subsection shall not be taken to indicate the Secretary of State’s approval of any conditions determined by the traffic commissioner in response to the request.

(13)Traffic regulation conditions may make different provision with respect to the operation of any service to which they apply during different periods of the year, on different days of the week, or at different times during any period of 24 hours.

(14)A traffic commissioner may vary or revoke any traffic regulation conditions determined by him on being requested to do so by—

(a)any traffic authority; or

(b)the operator of any service affected by the conditions.

(15)In this section “traffic authority” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, the council of any metropolitan district or non-metropolitan county; and

(b)in relation to Scotland, the council of any [F7local government] area.

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Amendments (Textual)

F4Word in s. 7(4)(a) repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3));S.I. 2002/2024, art. 2

Word in s. 7(4)(a) repealed (S.) (1.4.2001) by asp 2, s. 42 (with s. 66): S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. I

F5S. 7(4)(c) and the preceding word “or” inserted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 142; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 2

S. 7(4)(c) and the preceding word “or” inserted (S.) (1.4.2001) by asp 2, s. 42 (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. I

F6Words in s. 7(12) substituted (S.)(1.11.1991) by New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (c. 22, SIF 59, 108), s. 168(1), Sch. 8 Pt. IV para. 117(2); S.I. 1991/2286, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

Words in s. 7(12) substituted (E.W.)(1.11.1991) by New Roads and Street works Act 1991 (c. 22, SIF 59, 108), s. 168(1)(2), Sch. 8 Pt. IV para. 117(2): S.I. 1991/2288, art. 3, Sch.

F7Words in s. 7(15)(b) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I para. 7(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C14S. 6-9 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

Ss. 6-9 restricted (E.W.) (26.10.2001 for E. and otherwiseprosp.) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 129(1)-(3), 275; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

Ss. 6-9: power to modify conferred (E.W.) (1.8.2001 for W. and 26.10.2001 for E.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 134(2)(a); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 2; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

8 Enforcement of traffic regulation conditions, etc.E+W+S

(1)Where traffic regulation conditions have been determined under section 7 of this Act, it shall be the duty of the traffic commissioner by whom any relevant licence or permit has been granted to attach the conditions to that licence or, as the case may be, to that permit.

(2)In this section—

  • licence” means a PSV operator’s licence;

  • permit” means a permit under section 22 of this Act;

and a licence or permit is relevant for the purposes of this section if a local service registered under section 6 of this Act by the holder of the licence or permit is affected by the conditions.

(3)Where the traffic commissioner who determined the traffic regulation conditions and the traffic commissioner who granted the relevant licence or permit are different, it shall be the duty of the commissioner determining the conditions to send to the other commissioner—

(a)details of the conditions; and

(b)the name of the person registering the particulars of the local service.

(4)If traffic regulation conditions which have been attached to a licence or permit under this section are subsequently varied or revoked, it shall be the duty of the traffic commissioner or commissioners concerned to secure that the conditions as so attached are correspondingly varied or (as the case may be) removed.

(5)Traffic regulation conditions shall be of no effect to the extent to which they are incompatible with any provision made by or under any enactment prohibiting or restricting the use of any road by traffic.

(6)Where the operator of a local service is unable both to operate the service in accordance with the particulars of the service registered under section 6 of this Act and to comply with—

(a)traffic regulation conditions; or

(b)any other provision of a kind mentioned in subsection (5) above;

any failure to operate the service in accordance with those particulars which occurs at any time before the expiry of the prescribed period beginning with the coming into force of the conditions or provision shall be disregarded to the extent to which it is attributable to his having to comply with the conditions or provision.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18S. 6-9 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

Ss. 6-9 restricted (E.W.) (26.10.2001 for E. and otherwiseprosp.) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 129(1)-(3), 275; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

Ss. 6-9: power to modify conferred (E.W.) (1.8.2001 for E. and 26.10.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 134(2)(a); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 2; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

9 Appeals against traffic regulation conditions.E+W+S

(1)Any person to whom subsection (2) below applies may appeal to the Secretary of State against—

(a)the determination, variation or revocation of any traffic regulation conditions under section 7 of this Act; or

(b)the refusal by a traffic commissioner to comply with a request duly made under that section to determine, vary or revoke any such conditions.

(2)The persons to whom this subsection applies are—

(a)in relation to any determination, variation or revocation of conditions—

(i)any person who has registered under section 6 of this Act a local service which is, or is likely to be, affected by them; and

(ii)any traffic authority aggrieved by the decision in question; and

(b)in relation to any refusal to comply with a request, the person making the request.

(3)An appeal under this section must be made within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, and provision may be made by regulations as to the procedure to be followed in connection with such appeals.

(4)On the determination of an appeal under this section, the Secretary of State may confirm, vary or reverse the decision appealed against and may give such directions as he thinks fit to the traffic commissioner for giving effect to his decision.

(5)An appeal lies at the instance of any of the persons mentioned in subsection (6) below on any point of law arising from a decision of the Secretary of State on an appeal under this section—

(a)to the High Court, where the area of the traffic commissioner concerned is in England or Wales; and

(b)to the Court of Session, where it is in Scotland.

(6)The persons who may appeal against any such decision of the Secretary of State are—

(a)the person who appealed to him;

(b)any person who had a right to appeal to him against the relevant decision of the traffic commissioner but did not exercise that right;

(c)any traffic authority aggrieved by the decision; and

(d)the traffic commissioner whose decision was appealed against.

(7)If on an appeal under subsection (5) above the High Court or Court of Session is of opinion that the decision appealed against was erroneous in point of law, it shall remit the matter to the Secretary of State with the opinion of the court for rehearing and determination by him.

(8)No appeal to the Court of Appeal may be brought from a decision of the High Court under this section except with the leave of the High Court or the Court of Appeal.

(9)An appeal shall lie, with the leave of the Court of Session or the House of Lords, from any decision of the Court of Session under this section; and such leave may be given on such terms as to costs, expenses or otherwise as the Court of Session or the House of Lords determine.

(10)In this section “traffic authority” has the same meaning as in section 7 of this Act.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C19S. 6-9 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

Ss. 6-9 restricted (E.W.) (26.10.2001 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 129(1)-(3), 275; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

Ss. 6-9: power to modify conferred (E.W.) (1.8.2001 for E. and 26.10.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 134(2)(a); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 2; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

S. 9: functions transferred (1.10.2007) by The Scotland Act 1998 (Cross-Border Public Authorities) (Traffic Commissioner for the Scottish Traffic Area) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/2139), art. 2, Sch. (with art. 4)

Taxis and hire carsE+W+S

10 Immediate hiring of taxis at separate fares.E+W

(1)In the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2) below, a licensed taxi may be hired for use for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward at separate fares without thereby—

(a)becoming a public service vehicle for the purposes of the 1981 Act or any related enactment; or

(b)ceasing (otherwise than by virtue of any provision made under section 13 of this Act) to be subject to the taxi code.

(2)The circumstances are that—

(a)the taxi is hired in an area where a scheme made under this section is in operation;

(b)the taxi is licensed by the licensing authority for that area; and

(c)the hiring falls within the terms of the scheme.

(3)In this section “licensing authority” means—

(a)in relation to the London taxi area, [F8Transport for London] or the holder for the time being of any office designated by [F8Transport for London] for the purposes of this section; and

(b)in relation to any other area in England and Wales, the authority having responsibility for licensing taxis in that area.

(4)For the purposes of this section, a licensing authority may make a scheme for their area and shall make such a scheme if the holders of at least ten per cent. of the current taxi licences issued by the authority request the authority in writing to do so.

(5)Any scheme made under this section shall—

(a)designate the places in the area from which taxis may be hired under the scheme (“authorised places”);

(b)specify the requirements to be met for the purposes of the scheme in relation to the hiring of taxis at separate fares; and

(c)F9. . .—

(i)include such provision, or provision of such description, as may be prescribed for the purposes of this sub-paragraph;

(ii)not include provision of any such description as may be prescribed for the purposes of this sub-paragraph.

(6)Subject to subsection (5) above, any scheme made under this section may, in particular, make provision with respect to—

(a)fares;

(b)the display of any document, plate, mark or sign for indicating an authorised place or that a taxi standing at an authorised place is available for the carriage of passengers at separate fares;

(c)the manner in which arrangements are to be made for the carriage of passengers on any such hiring as is mentioned in subsection (1) above; and

(d)the conditions to apply to the use of a taxi on any such hiring.

(7)A licensing authority may, subject to subsection (5) above, vary any scheme made by them under this section.

(8)F10. . . any scheme under this section, and any variation of such a scheme, shall be made in accordance with the prescribed procedure.

(9)For the purposes of this section—

(a)the hiring of a taxi falls within the terms of a scheme if—

(i)it is hired from an authorised place; and

(ii)the hiring meets the requirements specified by the licensing authority as those to be met for the purposes of the scheme; and

(b)a taxi is hired from an authorised place if it is standing at that place when it is hired and the persons hiring it are all present there.

F11(10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

11 Advance booking of taxis and hire cars at separate fares.E+W

(1)Where the conditions mentioned in subsection (2) below are met, a licensed taxi or licensed hire car may be used for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward at separate fares without thereby—

(a)becoming a public service vehicle for the purposes of the 1981 Act or any related enactment; or

(b)ceasing (otherwise than by virtue of any provision made under section 13 of this Act) to be subject to the taxi code or (as the case may be) the hire car code.

(2)The conditions are that—

(a)all the passengers carried on the occasion in question booked their journeys in advance; and

(b)each of them consented, when booking his journey, to sharing the use of the vehicle on that occasion with others on the basis that a separate fare would be payable by each passenger for his own journey on that occasion.

12 Use of taxis in providing local services.E+W+S

(1)Where the holder of a taxi licence—

(a)applies to the appropriate traffic commissioner for a restricted PSV operator’s licence to be granted to him under Part II of the 1981 Act; and

(b)states in his application that he proposes to use one or more licensed taxis to provide a local service;

section 14 of the 1981 Act (conditions to be met before grant of PSV operator’s licence) shall not apply and the commissioner shall grant the application.

(2)In this section “special licence” means a restricted PSV operator’s licence granted by virtue of this section.

F12(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Without prejudice to his powers to attach other conditions under section 16 of the 1981 Act, any traffic commissioner granting a special licence shall attach to it, under that section, the conditions mentioned in subsection (5) below.

(5)The conditions are—

(a)that every vehicle used under the licence shall be one for which the holder of the licence has a taxi licence; and

(b)that no vehicle shall be used under the licence otherwise than for the purpose of providing a local service with one or more stopping places within the area of the authority which granted the taxi licence of the vehicle in question.

(6)In subsection (5)(b) above “local service” does not include an excursion or tour.

(7)The maximum number of vehicles which the holder of a special licence may at any one time use under the licence shall be the number of vehicles for which (for the time being) he holds taxi licences; and a condition to that effect shall be attached to every special licence under section 16(1) of the 1981 Act.

(8)Section 1(2) of the 1981 Act (vehicle used as public service vehicle to be treated as such until that use is permanently discontinued) shall not apply to any use of a licensed taxi for the provision of a local service under a special licence.

(9)At any time when a licensed taxi is being so used it shall carry such documents, plates and marks, in such manner, as may be prescribed.

(10)Such provisions in the taxi code as may be prescribed shall apply in relation to a licensed taxi at any time when it is being so used; and any such provision may be so applied subject to such modifications as may be prescribed.

(11)For the purposes of section 12(3) of the 1981 Act (which provides that where two or more PSV operators’ licences are held they must be granted by traffic commissioners for different traffic areas), special licences shall be disregarded.

(12)A person may hold more than one special licence but shall not at the same time hold more than one such licence granted by the traffic commissioner for a particular traffic area.

(13)The following provisions shall not apply in relation to special licences or (as the case may be) the use of vehicles under such licences—

(a)sections 16(1A) and (2), 17(3)(d), 18 to 20 . . . F13 and 26 of the 1981 Act; and

(b)section 26(5) and (6) of this Act;

and for the purposes of section 12 of that Act this section shall be treated as if it were in Part II of that Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

13 Provisions supplementary to sections 10 to 12.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order make such modifications of the taxi code and the hire car code as he sees fit for the purpose of supplementing the provisions of sections 10 to 12 of this Act.

(2)Any order made under subsection (1) above may, in particular, modify any provision—

(a)relating to fares payable by the hirer of a vehicle;

(b)requiring the driver of any vehicle to accept any hiring, or to drive at the direction of a hirer, or (as the case may be) of a prospective hirer, to any place within or not exceeding any specified distance or for any period of time not exceeding a specified period from the time of hiring;

(c)making the carriage of additional passengers in any vehicle which is currently subject to a hiring dependent on the consent of the hirer.

(3)In this section, and in sections 10 to 12 of this Act—

  • licenced taxi” means—

(a)in England and Wales, a vehicle licensed under—

(i)section 37 of the M1Town Police Clauses Act 1847; or

(ii)section 6 of the M2Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869;

or under any similar enactment; and

(b)in Scotland, a taxi licensed under section 10 of the M3Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982;

  • London taxi area” means the area to which the Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869 applies;

  • licensed hire car” means a vehicle which is licensed under section 48 of the M4Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976; [F14or section 7 of the Private Hire Vehicles (London Act) 1998]

  • hire car code”, in relation to a licensed hire car used as mentioned in section 11 of this Act, means those provisions made by or under any enactment which would apply if it were hired by a single passenger for his exclusive use;

  • related enactment”, in relation to the 1981 Act, means any statutory provision (whenever passed or made) relating to public service vehicles in which “public service vehicle” is defined directly or indirectly by reference to the provisions of the 1981 Act;

  • taxi code”, in relation to any licensed taxi used as mentioned in section 10, 11 or 12 of this Act, means—

(a)in England and Wales, those provisions made by or under any enactment which would apply if the vehicle were plying for hire and were hired by a single passenger for his exclusive use; and

(b)in Scotland, the provisions of sections 10 to 23 of the M5Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982, and Part I of that Act as it applies to these provisions; and

  • taxi licence” means a licence under section 6 of the M6Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869, section 37 of the M7Town Police Clauses Act 1847 or any similar enactment, or a taxi licence under section 10 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982.

(4)Any order made under subsection (1) above may contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential and transitional provisions (including provisions modifying any enactment contained in any Act other than this Act) as appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient in consequence of any modification of the taxi code or the private hire car code made by the order.

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Amendments (Textual)

F14Words in s. 13(3) inserted (8.6.2004) by 1998 c. 34, ss. 39(1), 40, Sch. 1 para. 4 (with s. 29); S.I. 2004/241, art. 2(2)

Marginal Citations

14 Operation of taxis and private hire cars in Scotland for the carriage of passengers at separate fares.E+W+S

(1)As respects Scotland, a taxi (other than a taxi which is for the time being operating a local service which is or requires to be registered under this Part of this Act, has been previously advertised and has a destination and route which are not entirely at the discretion of the passengers) or private hire car which is used for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward at separate fares shall not by reason of such use become a public service vehicle for the purposes of the 1981 Act or any related enactment.

(2)In this section “taxi” and “private hire car” have the meanings given in section 23 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982 and “related enactment” has the meaning given in section 13(3) of this Act.

15 Extension of taxi licensing in England and Wales.E+W+S

(1)Where, immediately before the commencement of this section, the provisions of the M8Town Police Clauses Act 1847 with respect to hackney carriages and of the M9Town Police Clauses Act 1889 (as incorporated in each case in the M10Public Health Act 1875) were not in force throughout the whole of the area of a district council in England and Wales whose area lies outside the area to which the M11Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869 applies, those provisions (as so incorporated) shall—

(a)if not then in force in any part of the council’s area, apply throughout that area; and

(b)if in force in part only of its area, apply also in the remainder of that area.

(2)Where part only of a district council’s area lies outside the area to which the Act of 1869 applies, that part shall, for the purposes of subsection (1) above, be treated as being the area of the council.

(3)So much of any local Act as enables a district council to bring to an end the application of the provisions mentioned in subsection (1) above to the whole or any part of their area shall cease to have effect.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C21S. 15 functions of local authority not to be the responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virute of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

Marginal Citations

16 Taxi licensing: control of numbers.E+W+S

The provisions of the Town Police Clauses Act 1847 with respect to hackney carriages, as incorporated in any enactment (whenever passed), shall have effect—

(a)as if in section 37, the words “such number of” and “as they think fit” were omitted; and

(b)as if they provided that the grant of a licence may be refused, for the purpose of limiting the number of hackney carriages in respect of which licences are granted, if, but only if, the person authorised to grant licences is satisfied that there is no significant demand for the services of hackney carriages (within the area to which the licence would apply) which is unmet.

17 London taxi and taxi driver licensing: appeals.E+W+S

(1)In this section—

  • licence” means a licence under section 6 of the Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869 (taxi licences) or under section 8 of that Act (taxi driver licences); and

  • licensing authority” means the person empowered to grant a licence.

(2)Where the licensing authority has refused to grant, or has suspended or revoked, a licence the applicant for, or (as the case may be) holder of, the licence may, before the expiry of the [F15designated period]

(a)require the authority to reconsider his decision; or

(b)appeal to [F16a magistrates']F16 court.

(3)Any call for a reconsideration under subsection (2) above must be made to the licensing authority in writing.

(4)On any reconsideration under this section the person calling for the decision to be reconsidered shall be entitled to be heard either in person or by his representative.

(5)If the person calling for a decision to be reconsidered under this section is dissatisfied with the decision of the licensing authority on reconsideration, he may, before the expiry of the [F15designated period], appeal to [F16a magistrates']F16 court.

(6)On any appeal to it under this section, the court may make such order as it thinks fit; and any order which it makes shall be binding on the licensing authority.

(7)Where a person holds a licence which is in force when he applies for a new licence in substitution for it, the existing licence shall continue in force until the application for the new licence, or any appeal under this section in relation to that application, is disposed of, but without prejudice to the exercise in the meantime of any power of the licensing authority to revoke the existing licence.

(8)For the purposes of subsection (7) above, where the licensing authority refuses to grant the new licence the application shall not be treated as disposed of—

(a)where no call for a reconsideration of the authority’s decision is made under subsection (2) above, until the expiry of the [F15designated period];

(b)where such a reconsideration is called for, until the expiry of the [F15designated period]which begins by reference to the decision of the authority on reconsideration.

(9)Where the licensing authority suspends or revokes a licence, or confirms a decision to do so, he may, if the holder of the licence so requests, direct that his decision shall not have effect until the expiry of the [F15designated period].

(10)In this section F17... .

  • [F18designated period” means such period as may be specified for the purpose by London cab order;

  • London cab order” means an order made by Transport for London]

[F19(11)Any power to make a London cab order under this section includes power to vary or revoke a previous such order.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F17S. 17(10): Definition of "the appropriate court" repealed (1.4.2005) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1)(3), 110, Sch. 8 para. 293(3), Sch. 10; S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

F18Definitions of “designated period” and “London cab order” in s. 10(10) inserted (3.7.2000) by 1999 c. 29, s. 253, Sch. 20 Pt. I para. 8(3)(b) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 2000/801, art. 2(2)(c), Sch. Pt. 3

Modification of PSV requirements in relation to vehicles used for certain purposesE+W+S

18 Exemption from PSV operator and driver licensing requirements of vehicles used under permits.E+W+S

[F20(1)][F21Section 12(1)] of the 1981 Act (licensing of operators . . . F22 in relation to the use of public service vehicles for the carriage of passengers) shall not apply—

(a)to the use of any vehicle under a permit granted under section 19 of this Act, if and so long as the requirements under subsection (2) of that section are met; [F23or]

(b)to the use of any vehicle under a permit granted under section 22 of this Act;

[F24(2)Where a holder of a licence under Part III of the Road Traffic Act 1988 was first granted a licence under that Part before 1st January 1997, he may drive any small bus at a time when it is being used as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) above, notwithstanding that his licence under that Part does not authorise him to drive a small bus when it is being so used.

(3)Where—

(a)a holder of a licence under Part III of the Road Traffic Act 1988 was first granted a licence under that Part on or after 1st January 1997, or

(b)a Community licence holder is authorised by virtue of section 99A(1) of that Act to drive in Great Britain a motor vehicle of any class,

he may drive any small bus to which subsection (4) below applies at a time when it is being used as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) above, notwithstanding that he is not authorised by his licence under that Part or by virtue of that section (as the case may be) to drive such a bus.

(4)This subsection applies to any small bus which, when laden with the heaviest load which it is constructed to carry, weighs—

(a)not more than 3.5 tonnes, excluding any part of that weight which is attributable to specialised equipment intended for the carriage of disabled passengers, and

(b)not more than 4.25 tonnes otherwise.

(5)In this section—

  • “Community licence” has the same meaning as in Part III of the Road Traffic Act 1988, and

  • “small bus” has the same meaning as in sections 19 to 21 of this Act.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F20S. 18 renumbered as s. 18(1) (23.7.1996 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.1.1997) by S.I. 1996/1974, regs. 1(2)(a)(iii)(b), 4, Sch. 3 para. 1(2)

F24S. 18(2)-(5) substituted for words in s. 18 (23.7.1996 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.1.1997) by S.I. 1996/1974, regs. 1(2)(a)(iii)(b), 4, Sch. 3 para. 1(3)

19 Permits in relation to use of buses by educational and other bodies.E+W+S

(1)In this section and sections 20 and 21 of this Act—

  • bus” means a vehicle which is adapted to carry more than eight passengers;

  • large bus” means a vehicle which is adapted to carry more than sixteen passengers;

  • small bus” means a vehicle which is adapted to carry more than eight but not more than sixteen passengers; and

  • permit” means a permit granted under this section in relation to the use of a bus for carrying passengers for hire or reward.

(2)The requirements that must be met in relation to the use of a bus under a permit for the exemption under section 18(a) of this Act to apply are that the bus—

(a)is being used by a body to whom a permit has been granted under this section;

(b)is not being used for the carriage of members of the general public nor with a view to profit nor incidentally to an activity which is itself carried on with a view to profit;

(c)is being used in every respect in accordance with any conditions attached to the permit; and

(d)is not being used in contravention of any provision of regulations made under section 21 of this Act.

(3)A permit in relation to the use of a small bus may be granted by a body designated by an order under subsection (7) below either to itself or to any other body to whom, in accordance with the order, it is entitled to grant a permit.

(4)A permit in relation to the use of a small bus may be granted by a traffic commissioner to any body appearing to him to be eligible in accordance with subsection (8) below and to be carrying on in his area an activity which makes it so eligible.

(5)A permit in relation to the use of a large bus may be granted by a traffic commissioner to any body which assists and co-ordinates the activities of bodies within his area which appear to him to be concerned with—

(a)education;

(b)religion;

(c)social welfare; or

(d)other activities of benefit to the community.

(6)A traffic commissioner shall not grant a permit in relation to the use of a large bus unless satisfied that there will be adequate facilities or arrangements for maintaining any bus used under the permit in a fit and serviceable condition.

(7)The Secretary of State may by order designate for the purpose of this section bodies appearing to him to be eligible in accordance with subsection (8) below and, with respect to any body designated by it, any such order—

(a)shall specify the classes of body to whom the designated body may grant permits;

(b)may impose restrictions with respect to the grant of permits by the designated body and, in particular, may provide that no permit may be granted, either generally or in such cases as may be specified in the order, unless there are attached to the permit such conditions as may be so specified; and

(c)may require the body to make returns with regard to the permits granted by it.

(8)A body is eligible in accordance with this subsection if it is concerned with—

(a)education;

(b)religion;

(c)social welfare;

(d)recreation; or

(e)other activities of benefit to the community.

(9)A body may hold more than one permit but may not use more than one bus at any one time under the same permit.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C22S. 19(7): Transfer of functions (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 2, Sch. 1

S. 19(7): Transfer of functions (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/1750, art. 2, Sch. 1 (with art. 7)

20 Further provision with respect to permits under section 19.E+W+S

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, a permit shall specify the body to whom it is granted.

(2)A permit may be granted to a named individual on behalf of a body if, having regard to the nature of that body, it appears to the traffic commissioner or body granting the permit appropriate to do so.

(3)Where a permit is granted to a named individual on behalf of a body, it shall be treated for the purposes of this section and section 19 of this Act as granted to that body.

(4)In addition to any conditions attached to such a permit by virtue of section 19(7)(b) of this Act, the traffic commissioner or other body granting such a permit may attach to it such conditions as he or that body considers appropriate, including, in particular, conditions—

(a)limiting the passengers who may be carried in any bus used under the permit to persons falling within such classes as may be specified in the permit; and

(b)with respect to such other matters as may be prescribed.

(5)Subject to subsection (6) below, a permit may be varied or revoked—

(a)by the traffic commissioner or body who granted it; and

(b)in the case of a permit granted by a body designated under section 19(7) of this Act, after consultation with that body, by the traffic commissioner for any traffic area in which any bus has been used under the permit.

(6)A permit may not be varied so as to substitute another body for the body to whom it was granted.

(7)A permit shall remain in force until—

(a)it is revoked under subsection (5) above; or

(b)in the case of a permit granted by a body designated under section 19(7) of this Act, that body ceases to be so designated.

21 Permits under section 19: regulations.E+W+S

(1)Regulations may prescribe—

(a)the conditions to be fulfilled by any person driving a bus while it is being used under a permit;

(b)the conditions as to fitness which are to be fulfilled by any small bus used under a permit;

(c)the form of permits; and

(d)the documents, plates and marks to be carried by any bus while it is being used under a permit and the manner and position in which they are to be carried.

(2)Where regulations are made by virtue of subsection (1)(b) above, section 6 of the 1981 Act (certificate of initial fitness for public service vehicles) shall not apply in relation to any small bus subject to the regulations.

(3)Regulations under this section may contain such transitional provisions as the Secretary of State thinks fit.

22 Community bus permits.E+W+S

(1)In this section and section 23 of this Act—

  • community bus service” means a local service provided—

(a)by a body concerned for the social and welfare needs of one or more communities;

(b)without a view to profit, either on the part of that body or of anyone else; and

(c)by means of a vehicle adapted to carry more than eight but not more than sixteen passengers; and

  • community bus permit” means a permit granted under this section in relation to the use of a public service vehicle—

(a)in providing a community bus service; or

(b)in providing a community bus service and (other than in the course of a local service) carrying passengers for hire or reward where the carriage of those passengers will directly assist the provision of the community bus service by providing financial support for it.

(2)A community bus permit may be granted by the traffic commissioner for the area in which the operating centre for any vehicle used under the permit will be.

(3)A traffic commissioner shall not grant a community bus permit unless he is satisfied that there will be adequate facilities or arrangements for maintaining in a fit and serviceable condition any vehicle used under the permit.

(4)A body may hold more than one community bus permit but may not use more than one vehicle at any one time under the same permit.

23 Further provision with respect to community bus permits.E+W+S

(1)The requirements mentioned in subsection (2) below shall be conditions of every community bus permit and shall apply in relation to any use of a vehicle under such a permit.

(2)Those requirements are that—

(a)the driver receives no payment for driving except—

(i)reimbursement of any reasonable expenses incurred by him in making himself available to drive; and

(ii)an amount representing any earnings lost as a result of making himself available to drive in exceptional circumstances;

(b)the driver either holds [F25a passenger-carrying vehicle driver’s licence [F26or PCV Community licence]] (within the meaning of Part IV of the Road Traffic Act 1988) [F27or] a public service vehicle driver’s licence [F26or PCV Community licence] or fulfils any conditions prescribed in relation to a person driving a vehicle which is being used under a community bus permit; and

(c)any vehicle used under the permit fulfils any prescribed conditions of fitness for such use.

(3)A traffic commissioner may at any time attach to a community bus permit granted by him such conditions (or additional conditions) of a prescribed description as he thinks fit for restricting or regulating the use of any vehicle under the permit.

(4)The traffic commissioner by whom a community bus permit was granted may at any time while the permit is in force vary or remove any condition attached to it under subsection (3) above.

(5)Subject to section 68(3) of the 1981 Act (as applied by section 127(4) of this Act), if a condition attached to a community bus permit is contravened, the holder of the permit shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(6)The traffic commissioner by whom a community bus permit was granted may at any time revoke the permit on the ground—

(a)that he is no longer satisfied with respect to the adequacy of facilities or arrangements for maintaining in a fit and serviceable condition any vehicle used under the permit;

(b)that there has been a contravention of any condition attached to the permit; or

(c)that a prohibition under section 9 of the 1981 Act (power to prohibit driving of unfit public service vehicles) has been imposed with respect to a vehicle used under the permit which has its operating centre in his area.

(7)Where regulations are made by virtue of subsection (1)(c) above, section 6 of the 1981 Act (certificate of initial fitness for public service vehicles) shall not apply in relation to any vehicle subject to the regulations.

(8)Regulations may prescribe—

(a)the form of community bus permits; and

(b)the documents, plates and marks to be carried by any vehicle while it is being used under a community bus permit and the manner and position in which they are to be carried.

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Amendments (Textual)

F25Words from “a passenger-carrying” to “1988) or” inserted (1.4.1991) by Road Traffic (Driver Licensing and Information Systems) Act 1989 (c. 22, SIF 107:1), s. 7, Sch. 3 para. 5

F26Words in s. 23(2)(b) inserted (23.7.1996 for specified purposes and otherwise 1.1.1997) by S.I. 1996/1974, regs. 1(2)(a)(iii)(b), 4, Sch. 3 para. 2

F27Words “or a public service vehicle driver's licence” repealed (1.4.1991) by Road Traffic (Driver Licensing and Information Systems) Act 1989 (c. 22, SIF 107:1), s. 16, Sch. 6

Further amendments with respect to PSV operators’ licencesE+W+S

24 Limit on number of vehicles to be used under a restricted licence.E+W+S

(1)In section 16 of the 1981 Act (conditions attached to PSV operators’ licences)—

(a)the following subsection shall be inserted after subsection (1)—

(1A)In the case of a restricted licence, the number specified as the maximum in any condition imposed under subsection (1) above shall not, except in any prescribed case or class of case, exceed two.;

(b)in subsection (8) of that section (power of traffic commissioner to dispense temporarily with conditions attached under that subsection), after the words “under this section” there shall be inserted the words “(other than a condition so attached under subsection (1A) above)”; and

(c)in subsection (9) of that section (limited effect of conditions attached under subsection (1)), after the words “subsection (1)” there shall be inserted the words “or (1A)”.

F28(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

25 Objections to application for PSV operator’s licence.E+W+S

After section 14 of the 1981 Act (grant of licences) there shall be inserted the following section—

14A Objections to application for PSV operator’s licence.

(1)Where an application is made for the grant of a PSV operator’s licence under this Act, any chief officer of police or local authority may object to the grant of the licence on the ground that one or more of the requirements mentioned in section 14(1) and (3) of this Act are not satisfied in relation to the application.

(2)An objection under this section shall be made within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner and shall contain particulars of the ground on which it is made.

(3)The onus of proof of the existence of the ground on which an objection is made shall lie on the objector.

(4)In this section “local authority” means—

(a)in England and Wales, the council of a county, district or London borough or the Common Council of the City of London or a Passenger Transport Executive; and

(b)in Scotland, a regional or islands council.

(5)This section does not apply in relation to any application for a special licence (within the meaning of section 12 of the Transport Act 1985).

26 Conditions attached to PSV operator’s licence.E+W+S

(1)Where it appears to a traffic commissioner, in relation to a person (“the operator”) to whom he has granted or is proposing to grant a PSV operator’s licence, that—

(a)the operator has failed to operate a local service registered under section 6 of this Act; or

(b)the operator has operated a local service in contravention of that section [F29or section 118(4) or 129(1)(b) of the Transport Act 2000;][F30or section 8(4) or section 22(1)(b) of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2001][F31; or

(ba)the operator has failed to comply with section 138 or 140(3) of [F32the Transport Act 2000]]; or

[F33; or

(bb)the operator has failed to comply with section 32(1) or 34(3) of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2001;]

(c)the arrangements for maintaining the vehicles used under the licence in a fit and serviceable condition are not adequate for the use of those vehicles in providing the local service or services in question; or

(d)the operator, or any employee or agent of his, has—

(i)intentionally interfered with the operation of a local service provided by another operator;

(ii)operated a local service in a manner dangerous to the public; or

(iii)been guilty of any other serious misconduct (whether or not constituting a criminal offence) in relation to the operation of a local service; or

(e)a condition attached under section 8 of this Act to the operator’s licence has been contravened;

he may (on granting the licence or at any later time) attach to it either a condition prohibiting the operator from using vehicles under the licence to provide any local service of a description specified in the condition or one prohibiting him from so using vehicles to provide local services of any description.

(2)The commissioner may attach a condition to a PSV operator’s licence under subsection (1) above, by reference to circumstances falling within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection if, but only if, it appears to him that the operator did not have a reasonable excuse for his conduct or that it is appropriate to attach the condition in view of—

(a)the danger to the public involved in the operator’s conduct; or

(b)the frequency of conduct of the kind in question on the part of the operator.

(3)Where the effect of a condition attached to a PSV operator’s licence under subsection (1) above is that the operator of a local service registered under section 6 of this Act is prohibited from using vehicles under the licence to provide that service, the traffic commissioner attaching the condition may—

(a)cancel the registration; or

(b)where the service is registered with another traffic commissioner, direct that it be cancelled.

(4)Where a direction is given under subsection (3)(b) above, it shall be the duty of the traffic commissioner with whom the service is registered to cancel the registration.

(5)Where it appears to the commissioner that—

(a)vehicles used under the licence (or under any PSV operator’s licence previously held by the operator) have not been maintained in a fit and serviceable condition; or

(b)the operator has been involved in arrangements with any other operator for the use of each other’s vehicles with a view to hindering enforcement of any requirements of the law relating to the operation of those vehicles;

he may (on granting the licence or at any later time) attach to the licence a condition restricting the vehicles which the operator may use under the licence to vehicles specified in the condition.

(6)A condition attached to a licence under subsection (5) above shall—

(a)apply only to vehicles which have their operating centre in the traffic area for which the commissioner acts; and

(b)be in addition to (and not be taken as prejudicing in any way) any conditions attached to the licence under section 16 of the 1981 Act as to the maximum number of vehicles which the operator may at any one time use under the licence.

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Amendments (Textual)

F29Words in s. 26(1)(b) inserted (E.W.) (1.8.2001 for W. and 26.10.2001 for E.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 10(1)(2); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

F30Words in s. 26(1)(b) inserted (25.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2748, art. 3(1)(2)

F31S. 26(1)(ba) and the word “or” at the end of para. (b) inserted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 10(1)(3); S.I. 2001/57, art.3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11

F32Words in s. 26(1)(ba) substituted (25.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2748, art. 3(1)(3)

F33S. 26(1)(bb) and the word “or” inserted (25.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2748, art. 3(1)(4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C23S. 26-30 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

27 Supplementary provisions with respect to conditions attached to PSV operator’s licence under section 26.E+W+S

(1)Before attaching any condition to a PSV operator’s licence under section 26 of this Act, a traffic commissioner shall hold an inquiry if he has, within the prescribed period, received a request for an inquiry from the holder of, or (as the case may be) applicant for, the licence.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply where the traffic commissioner is satisfied that the condition should be attached without delay.

(3)Where, in reliance on subsection (2) above, a traffic commissioner attaches any such condition to a PSV operator’s licence without first holding an inquiry, he shall hold one as soon as is reasonably practicable if the holder of the licence has, before the end of such period as may be prescribed, asked him to do so.

(4)For the purposes of section 16(5) of the 1981 Act (traffic commissioner’s power to vary or remove conditions attached under section 16(3) of that Act to a PSV operator’s licence), a condition attached under section 26 of this Act shall be treated as attached under section 16(3) of that Act.

(5)Nothing in section 26 shall be taken as prejudicing the generality of the power under that Act to prescribe descriptions of conditions for the purposes of section 16(3) of that Act.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24S. 26-30 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

28 Power to disqualify PSV operators.E+W+S

(1)Where the traffic commissioner for any traffic area revokes a PSV operator’s licence, he may order the former holder to be disqualified, indefinitely or for such period as he thinks fit, from holding or obtaining a PSV operator’s licence.

(2)So long as a disqualification imposed under subsection (1) above is in force with respect to any person,

[F34(a)any PSV operator’s licence held by him at the date of the making of the order under subsection (1) above (other than the licence revoked) shall be suspended (that is, shall remain in force subject to the limitation that no vehicles are authorised to be used under it); and

(b)notwithstanding section 14(4) of the 1981 Act, no PSV operator’s licence may be granted to him.]

[F35(2A)If a person obtains a PSV operator’s licence while he is disqualified under subsection (1) above, the licence shall be void.]

(3)An order under subsection (1) above may be limited so as to apply only to the holding or obtaining of a PSV operator’s licence in respect of the area of one or more specified traffic commissioners and, if the order is so limited, subsection (2) above shall apply only to any PSV operator’s licence to which the order applies.

(4)Where a traffic commissioner makes an order under subsection (1) above with respect to any person, he may direct that if that person, at any time during such period as he may specify—

(a)is a director of, or holds a controlling interest in—

(i)a company which holds a licence of the kind to which the order applies; or

(ii)a company of which a company which holds such a licence is a subsidiary; or

(b)operates any public service vehicles in partnership with a person who holds such a licence;

the powers under section 17(2) of the 1981 Act (revocation, suspension, etc., of PSV operators’ licences) shall be exercisable in relation to that licence by the traffic commissioner by whom it was granted.

(5)The powers conferred by this section in relation to the person who was the holder of a licence shall be exercisable also—

(a)where that person was a company, in relation to any officer of that company; and

(b)where that person operated the vehicles used under the licence in partnership with other persons, in relation to any of those other persons[F36and any reference in subsection (6A) below to subsection (1) above or to subsection (4) above includes that subsection as it applies by virtue of this subsection.]

(6)A traffic commissioner shall not make any such order or give any such direction without first holding an inquiry if any person affected by the proposed order or direction requests him to do so.

[F37(6A)The traffic commissioner by whom any order disqualifying a person was made under subsection (1) above may at any time—

(a)cancel that order together with any direction that was given under subsection (4) above when the order was made;

(b)cancel any such direction; or

(c)with the consent of the person disqualified, vary the order or any such direction (or both the order and any such direction).]

(7)For the purposes of this section a person holds a controlling interest in a company if he is the beneficial owner of more than half its equity share capital.

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Amendments (Textual)

F34Paras. (a) and (b) substituted for words in s. 28(2) (3.1.1995) by 1995 c. 40, s. 67(2); S.I. 1994/3188, arts. 2, 3(1)

F36Words in s. 28(5) added (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 40, s. 67(4); S.I. 1994/3188, arts. 2, 3(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C25S. 26-30 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

29 Duty to give Secretary of State information about certain matters.E+W+S

In subsections (1) and (2) of section 20 of the 1981 Act (which require the holder of a PSV operator’s licence to inform the traffic commissioners of certain kinds of failure of, or damage or alteration to, a public service vehicle owned by him), for the words “traffic commissioners who granted the licence” there shall be substituted the words “Secretary of State”.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26S. 26-30 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

30 Plying for hire by large public service vehicles.E+W+S

(1)A public service vehicle which is adapted to carry more than eight passengers shall not be used on a road in plying for hire as a whole.

(2)Subject to section 68(3) of the 1981 Act (as applied by section 127(4) of this Act), if a vehicle is used in contravention of subsection (1) above, the operator of the vehicle shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C27S. 26-30 applied (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 54 of Order

31 Appeals under the 1981 Act. E+W+S
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

For sections 50 and 51 of the 1981 Act (appeals) there shall be substituted the following sections—

50 Appeals to the Transport Tribunal.

(1)An applicant for the grant of a PSV operator’s licence under this Act may appeal to the Transport Tribunal against any decision of the traffic commissioner—

(a)to refuse to grant the licence in accordance with the application; or

(b)to attach any condition to the licence otherwise than in accordance with the application.

(2)Where a person who has applied for a new PSV operator’s licence in substitution for a licence held by him and in force at the date of his application appeals to the Transport Tribunal under subsection (1) above, the existing licence shall continue in force until the appeal is disposed of, but without prejudice to the exercise in the meantime of the powers conferred by section 17 of this Act.

(3)Where an application for a PSV operator’s licence is granted under this Act and a person who duly made an objection to the grant under section 14A of this Act is aggrieved by the grant of the licence he may appeal to the Transport Tribunal.

(4)The holder of a PSV operator’s licence may appeal to the Transport Tribunal against any decision of the traffic commissioner—

(a)to refuse his application for the variation or removal of any condition attached to the licence;

(b)to vary any such condition, or to attach any new condition to the licence, otherwise than on his application; or

(c)to revoke or suspend the licence or to curtail its period of validity.

(5)Where—

(a)the holder of a PSV operator’s licence in respect of which an order or direction has been made or given under section 28 of the Transport Act 1985 (power to disqualify PSV operators); or

(b)any person in respect of whom any such order or direction has been made or given;

is aggrieved by the order or direction he may appeal to the Transport Tribunal.

(6)The traffic commissioner—

(a)making any such decision with respect to a licence as is mentioned in subsection (4)(b) or (c) above;

(b)making any such order or giving any such direction as is mentioned in subsection (5) above;

may, if the holder of the licence or any such person as is mentioned in subsection (5)(b) above so requests, direct that his decision shall not have effect until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against it may be made to the Transport Tribunal and, if an appeal is made, until it is disposed of.

(7)Where a traffic commissioner has given a direction under subsection (6) above he may withdraw it at any time.

(8)If the traffic commissioner refuses to give a direction under subsection (6) above or withdraws such a direction, the person requesting it may apply for such a direction to the Transport Tribunal and the Transport Tribunal shall give their decision on the application within fourteen days.

(9)This section does not apply in relation to conditions attached to a PSV operator’s licence under section 8 of the Transport Act 1985 (enforcement of traffic regulation conditions).

51 Appeals to the Secretary of State.

(1)A person applying for—

(a)a certificate of initial fitness under section 6 of this Act; or

(b)a certificate under section 10 of this Act that a vehicle conforms to a type vehicle;

may appeal to the Secretary of State against the refusal of a certifying officer to issue such a certificate.

(2)Where the refusal by a certifying officer or public service vehicle examiner to remove a prohibition under subsection (1) of section 9 of this Act (including a prohibition under that subsection as it applies by virtue of section 9A of this Act) has been referred to a certifying officer (“the referee”) under subsection (8) of that section by a traffic commissioner, any person aggrieved by the refusal of the referee to remove the prohibition may appeal to the Secretary of State.

(3)An appeal under this section must be made within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner; and provision may be made by regulations as to the procedure to be followed in connection with such appeals.

(4)On the determination of an appeal under this section, the Secretary of State may confirm, vary or reverse the decision appealed against, and may give such directions as he thinks fit to the certifying officer for giving effect to his decision; and it shall be the duty of the certifying officer to comply with any such directions.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

MiscellaneousE+W+S

32 Repeal of sections 28, 47 and 48 of the 1981 Act.E+W+S

F38. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

33 Extension of safety controls to certain passenger vehicles other than public service vehicles.E+W+S

The following section shall be inserted in the 1981 Act after section 9 (prohibition on driving unfit public service vehicle following inspection under section 8)—

9A Extension of sections 8 and 9 to certain passenger vehicles other than public service vehicles.

(1)Section 8 of this Act shall apply, with the omission of subsection (1)(b), to any motor vehicle (other than a tramcar) which is adapted to carry more than eight passengers but is not a public service vehicle as it applies to a public service vehicle.

(2)Section 9 of this Act shall apply to any such motor vehicle as it applies to a public service vehicle with the omission of subsection (4).

Part IIE+W Regulation of Road Passenger Transport in London

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C29Pt. II (ss. 34–46) modified by S.I. 1984/748, regs. 5(2), 6(2) (as amended by S.I. 1987/1755, reg. 2(2)(a))

Pt. II modified during the transitional period (beginning with 3rd July 2000 and ending with the last day on which a London local service licence granted under the 1985 Act ceases to be in force) and cease to have effect immediately after the end of that transitional period by virtue of S.I. 2000/1462, art. 3

London local service licencesE+W

34 London local services.E+W

(1)In this Act “London local service” means (subject to subsection (3) below) a local service with one or more stopping places in London.

(2)In this Part of this Act—

(a)bus service” means a local service other than an excursion or tour; and

(b)London bus service” means a London local service other than an excursion or tour.

(3)Where a local service is or is to be provided both inside and outside London, any part of the service which is or is to be provided outside London shall be treated as a separate service for the purposes of this Act if there is any stopping place for that part of the service outside London.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

35 London local service licences.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below and to section 36 of this Act, a London local service shall not be provided except under a London local service licence granted in accordance with the following provisions of this Part of this Act.

(2)A London local service licence is not required for the provision by any person under an agreement with the Railways Board [F39, or the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising, of any service secured by the Board or, as the case may be, the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising under section 4A of the 1962 Act (provision of road passenger transport services.)]

(3)The traffic commissioner for the Metropolitan Traffic Area (referred to below in this Part of this Act as the metropolitan traffic commissioner) shall be responsible for granting London local service licences.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below and to section 39(4) of this Act, a London local service licence shall be of no effect at any time at which the holder does not also hold—

(a)a PSV operator’s licence granted by the metropolitan traffic commissioner or by the traffic commissioner for any other traffic area F40. . .; or

(b)a permit under section 22 of this Act.

(5)Subsection (4) above does not apply to a London local service licence held by a local education authority.

(6)Subject to section 68(3) of the 1981 Act (as applied by section 127(4) of this Act), if a London local service is provided in contravention of subsection (1) above, the operator of the service shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

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Amendments (Textual)

F39Words in s. 35(2) substituted (14.7.1994) by S.I. 1994/1649, art. 2, Sch. para. 2(b)

F40Words in s. 35(4)(a) repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 44, s. 1 Sch. 1 Pt. V Group 2

36 London bus services under control of London Regional Transport.E+W

(1)A London local service licence is not required for the provision of a London bus service—

(a)by London Regional Transport or any subsidiary of theirs; or

(b)by any other person in pursuance of any agreement entered into by London Regional Transport by virtue of [F41section 3(2) or (2A)(a)]of the M12London Regional Transport Act 1984 (referred to below in this section as the 1984 Act).

(2)Where—

(a)London Regional Transport or any subsidiary of theirs propose to provide a new bus service which is to be operated wholly or in part as a London bus service or to vary a bus service currently provided by them which is being so operated; or

(b)London Regional Transport propose to enter into an agreement by virtue of [F41section 3(2) or (2A)(a)]of the 1984 Act for the provision of such a new bus service by any other person or to agree to a variation in any bus service currently provided in pursuance of any such agreement which is being so operated;

then, before deciding on, or on the provisions to be contained in any such agreement with respect to, or on any variation affecting, any relevant aspects of that service London Regional Transport shall, so far as the service is or is to be provided in London, consult with the commissioner or commissioners of police concerned, with the local authorities affected, with the Passengers’ Committee and with any other person they think fit.

(3)In subsection (2) above the reference to relevant aspects of the service is a reference to the route of the service, a terminal point, a point at which passengers may or may not be taken up or set down, or a place at which, or street by the use of which, vehicles used for the service may turn at a terminal point.

(4)Where—

(a)London Regional Transport or any subsidiary of theirs propose to discontinue a bus service currently provided by them which is being operated wholly or in part as a London bus service; or

(b)London Regional Transport propose not to renew any agreement entered into by them by virtue of [F41section 3(2) or (2A)(a)] of the 1984 Act for the provision by any other person of any bus service which is being so operated, or to agree to the discontinuance of any such bus service currently provided in pursuance of any such agreement;

then, before any decision is taken to that effect, London Regional Transport shall, so far as the service is provided in London, consult with the local authorities affected, with the Passengers’ Committee and with any other person they think fit.

(5)Where an agreement entered into by London Regional Transport by virtue of [F41section 3(2) or (2A)(a)] of the 1984 Act for the provision of a bus service relates to such a service part only of which is operated as a London bus service, any provision contained in that agreement with respect to the carriage of passengers other than those who are both taken up and set down in London shall be of no effect if or so far as it is inconsistent with any condition for the time being attached under section 8 of this Act to—

(a)a PSV operator’s licence; or

(b)a permit under section 22 of this Act;

held by the operator of the service.

(6)For the purposes of this section the local authorities affected by any proposal with respect to a bus service are any of the following councils, that is to say, the councils of the London boroughs and the Common Council, in whose area there is situated—

(a)in the case of a proposal to which subsection (2) above applies, any part of the route in question or (as the case may be) the point, place or street in question; or

(b)in the case of a proposal to which subsection (4) above applies, any part of the route of the service.

(7)In this section—

(a)references to a new bus service are references to a bus service which has not been provided continuously since before the date on which this section comes into force (disregarding, in the case of a bus service operated during certain periods of the year only, any period other than one during which the service is due to be operated);

(b)the Passengers’ Committee” means the London Regional Passengers’ Committee established under section 40 of the 1984 Act;

(c)subsidiary” has the same meaning as in that Act;

and section 6(5) of and paragraph 11(4) of Schedule 5 to that Act shall apply to references in this section to an agreement entered into by London Regional Transport by virtue of [F41section 3(2) or (2A)(a)]of that Act as they apply to such references in that Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F41Words in s. 36(1)(b)(2)(b)(4)(b)(5)(7)(c) substituted (E.W.) (17.8.1996) by 1996 c. 21, s. 4(2)(c)

Marginal Citations

37 Grant of licences.E+W

(1)An application for a London local service licence shall be made in such a form as the metropolitan traffic commissioner may require, and an applicant shall give the commissioner such information as he may reasonably require for disposing of the application.

(2)Where an application is made for the grant of a London local service licence, the commissioner—

(a)shall grant the licence unless he is satisfied that to do so would be against the interests of the public; and

(b)if he grants the licence, shall do so in accordance with the application except to the extent that he is satisfied that to do so would be against the interests of the public.

(3)In considering under subsection (2) above whether the grant of a licence would be against the interests of the public, or the extent to which the grant of a licence in accordance with the application would be against those interests, the commissioner shall in particular have regard to—

(a)the transport needs for the time being of London as a whole and of particular communities within London;

(b)any transport policies or plans which have been made and drawn to his attention by the council of a London borough or by the Common Council; and

(c)any objections or other representations made to the commissioner in the prescribed manner which in his opinion are relevant.

(4)The metropolitan traffic commissioner, on granting a London local service licence, shall send notice of the grant, including particulars of the services to be provided under the licence, to the commissioner or commissioners of police concerned and to each of the local authorities affected.

38 Conditions attached to licences.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (3) below, and to any regulations, the metropolitan traffic commissioner may, on granting a London local service licence, attach to the licence such conditions as he thinks fit having regard to the interests of the public, and in particular to the matters mentioned in section 37(3)(a) to (c) of this Act.

(2)The conditions that may be attached to a London local service licence by virtue of subsection (1) above include, in particular, such conditions as the commissioner thinks fit for securing—

(a)that suitable routes are used in providing any service which may be provided under the licence; and

(b)that passengers are not taken up or are not set down except at specified points, or are not taken up or are not set down between specified points;

and generally for securing the safety and convenience of the public, including persons who are elderly or disabled.

(3)No condition as to fares shall be attached under this section to a London local service licence.

(4)The metropolitan traffic commissioner may at any time while a London local service licence is in force vary the licence by—

(a)altering, in such manner as he thinks fit having regard to the interests of the public, any condition attached to the licence; or

(b)removing any condition attached to the licence, if he thinks fit having regard to those interests; or

(c)attaching to the licence any such condition or additional condition as he thinks fit having regard to those interests.

(5)Where the holder of such a licence makes an application to the commissioner requesting him to exercise his powers under subsection (4) above, the commissioner shall exercise those powers in accordance with the application except to the extent that he is satisfied that to do so would be against the interests of the public.

(6)Compliance with any condition attached to a London local service licence under this section may be temporarily dispensed with by the commissioner if he is satisfied—

(a)that compliance with the condition would be unduly onerous by reason of circumstances not foreseen when the condition was attached or, if the condition has been altered, when it was last altered; and

(b)that such a dispensation would not be against the interests of the public.

(7)Subject to section 68(3) of the 1981 Act (as applied by section 127(4) of this Act), if a condition attached under this section to a London local service licence is contravened, the holder of the licence shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

39 Grant of licences for certain excursions or tours.E+W

(1)This section applies where, in the case of any application for a London local service licence, the metropolitan traffic commissioner is satisfied that the service which the applicant proposes to provide under the licence (“the proposed service”) would be an excursion or tour and is also satisfied either—

(a)that the proposed service would not compete directly with any authorised London bus service; or

(b)that the proposed service would operate only to enable passengers to attend special events.

(2)In subsection (1)(a) above, “authorised London bus service” means—

(a)any London bus service for which a London local service licence has been granted; and

(b)any London bus service which, by virtue of section 36(1) of this Act, does not require a London local service licence.

(3)In any case to which this section applies, sections 35, 37 and 38 of this Act shall apply subject to the modifications provided by the following provisions of this section.

(4)Section 35(4) of this Act shall not prevent a London local service licence granted in pursuance of this section from having effect for the purposes of the provision of a service by means of a vehicle whose operator holds any such licence or permit as is there mentioned F42. . ..

(5)The interests of the public falling to be considered under any provision of section 37 or 38 shall be confined to the interests of the public in securing that only places which are suitable for use as such are used as stopping places for the service in question in London.

The reference above in this subsection to the service in question is a reference to the proposed service or the service provided under any London local service licence granted on an application to which this section applies (as the case may require).

(6)For the purposes of this section a place is to be regarded as not being suitable for use as a stopping place for any service if the commissioner is satisfied that its use as such would be prejudicial to the safety or convenience of the public.

(7)Section 37 shall apply with the omission of paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (3); and paragraph (c) of that subsection shall apply only in relation to objections or representations made by the commissioner or commissioners of police concerned or by any of the local authorities affected.

(8)Section 38 shall apply with the omission of subsections (1) and (2), but the metropolitan traffic commissioner in granting a licence on any application to which this section applies may attach to the licence such conditions of a description within section 38(2)(b) as he thinks fit, having regard to any objections or other representations that fall to be considered in relation to that application by virtue of section 37(3)(c), for securing that only places which are suitable for use as such are used as stopping places for the proposed service in London.

(9)Any condition attached to a licence under subsection (8) above shall be treated for the purposes of section 38(6) and (7) as if it had been attached under that section.

(10)Every London local service licence granted in pursuance of this section shall include a statement that it is so granted.

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Amendments (Textual)

F42Words in s. 39(4) repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 44, s. 1, Sch. 1 Pt. V Group 2

40 Revocation and suspension of licences.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, a London local service licence may be revoked or suspended by the metropolitan traffic commissioner on the ground that there has been a contravention of any condition attached to it.

(2)The commissioner shall not revoke or suspend a London local service licence unless, owing to the frequency of the breach of conditions, or to the breach having been committed intentionally, or to the danger to the public involved in the breach, the commissioner is satisfied that the licence should be revoked or suspended.

(3)On revoking or suspending a London local service licence the metropolitan traffic commissioner shall send notice of the revocation or suspension to every commissioner of police or local authority notified of the grant of the licence in accordance with section 37(4) of this Act.

(4)A London local service licence suspended under this section shall during the time of suspension be of no effect.

41 Duration of licences.E+W

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, a London local service licence shall, unless previously revoked, continue in force until the end of the period of five years beginning with the date on which it takes effect, unless at the time of the granting of the licence the metropolitan traffic commissioner for special reasons determines that it shall continue in force only for a shorter period, in which case it shall, unless previously revoked, continue in force only until the end of that shorter period.

(2)If, on the date on which a London local service licence is due to expire, proceedings are pending before the metropolitan traffic commissioner on an application for the grant of a new licence in substitution for it, the existing licence shall continue in force until the application is disposed of, but without prejudice to the exercise in the meantime of the powers conferred by section 40 of this Act.

(3)Nothing in this section shall prevent—

(a)the grant of a London local service licence limited to one or more particular periods or occasions; or

(b)the attachment to a London local service licence of a condition that the service shall be so limited.

Supplementary provisionsE+W

42 Appeals to the Secretary of State.E+W

(1)A person who has applied for the grant of a London local service licence may appeal to the Secretary of State against any decision of the metropolitan traffic commissioner—

(a)to refuse to grant the licence in accordance with the application; or

(b)to attach any condition to the licence otherwise than in accordance with the application.

(2)Where a person who has applied for a new London local service licence in substitution for a licence held by him and in force at the date of his application appeals to the Secretary of State under subsection (1) above against any such decision as is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection, the existing licence shall continue in force until the appeal is disposed of, but without prejudice to the exercise in the meantime of the powers conferred by section 40 of this Act.

(3)The holder of a London local service licence may appeal to the Secretary of State against any decision of the metropolitan traffic commissioner—

(a)to refuse an application by the holder for the variation or removal of any condition attached to the licence;

(b)to vary any such condition, or to attach any new condition to the licence, otherwise than on an application by the holder; or

(c)to revoke or suspend the licence.

(4)Where the commissioner makes any such decision with respect to a licence as is mentioned in subsection (3)(b) or (c) above he may, if the holder of the licence so requests, direct that his decision shall not have effect until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against it may be made to the Secretary of State under that subsection and, if such an appeal is made, until the appeal is disposed of.

(5)If the commissioner refuses to give a direction under subsection (4) above, the holder of the licence may apply to the Secretary of State for such a direction, and the Secretary of State shall give his decision on the application within fourteen days.

(6)A person who has applied for the grant of a London local service licence, or for the variation or removal of any conditions attached to such a licence, shall, if the metropolitan traffic commissioner fails to come to a decision on the application within a reasonable time, have the same right to appeal to the Secretary of State as if the commissioner had decided to refuse the application.

(7)A person other than the applicant for, or holder of, a London local service licence may, if he has standing in the matter in accordance with the following provisions of this section, appeal to the Secretary of State against any decision of the metropolitan traffic commissioner with respect to—

(a)the grant, revocation or suspension of a London local service licence; or

(b)the attachment of any condition to a London local service licence or the variation or removal of any condition attached to such a licence.

(8)Subject to subsection (9) below, the persons having standing to appeal under subsection (7) above against a decision of the metropolitan traffic commissioner with respect to a London local service licence are—

(a)any local authority affected; and

(b)any person providing transport facilities along or near the route, or part of the route, of the service which is being or is to be provided under the licence;

being a local authority or person who has made objections or other representations to the commissioner in the course of the proceedings resulting in that decision.

(9)Subsection (8)(b) above shall not apply in the case of any decision of the metropolitan traffic commissioner on an application to which section 39 of this Act applies or with respect to a London local service licence granted in pursuance of that section.

(10)An appeal under this section must be made within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner; and provision may be made by regulations as to the procedure to be followed in connection with appeals under this section.

(11)On any appeal under this section the Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, remit the matter to the metropolitan traffic commissioner for rehearing and determination by him; and, if he does so, he may give to the commissioner such directions as he thinks fit with respect to the consideration to be given to any circumstances of the case.

(12)On the determination of an appeal under this section the Secretary of State may confirm, vary or reverse the decision appealed against, and may give such directions as he thinks fit to the metropolitan traffic commissioner for giving effect to his decision.

43 Further appeals on points of law.E+W

(1)An appeal lies to the High Court at the instance of any of the persons mentioned in subsection (2) below on any point of law arising from a decision of the Secretary of State on an appeal from a decision of the metropolitan traffic commissioner.

(2)The persons who may appeal against any such decision of the Secretary of State are—

(a)the person who appealed to the Secretary of State;

(b)any person who had a right to appeal to the Secretary of State against the relevant decision of the commissioner but did not exercise that right;

(c)any person who would have had a right of appeal to the Secretary of State against the relevant decision of the commissioner if aggrieved by that decision and who is aggrieved by the decision of the Secretary of State on the appeal; and

(d)the metropolitan traffic commissioner.

(3)If on an appeal under this section the High Court is of opinion that the decision appealed against was erroneous in point of law, it shall remit the matter to the Secretary of State with the opinion of the court for rehearing and determination by him.

(4)No appeal to the Court of Appeal may be brought from a decision of the High Court under this section except with the leave of the High Court or the Court of Appeal.

44 Application of provisions of the 1981 Act.E+W

(1)The provision of the 1981 Act mentioned in subsection (2) below shall apply in relation to the grant of London local service licences, or to London local service licences granted, under this Part of this Act, as they apply in relation to the grant of PSV operators’ licences, or to PSV operators’ licences granted, under that Act.

(2)Those provisions are—

  • section 57 (death, bankruptcy, etc., of licence holder);

  • section 58(2) (grant of licences to unincorporated body or to persons jointly); and

  • section 59 (regulations with respect to procedure on applications for licences).

(3)Section 84 of that Act (which relates to the effect of that Act in relation to general public interests) shall have effect as if the provisions of this Part of this Act were contained in that Act.

45 Interpretation of Part II.E+W

(1)In this Part of this Act—

  • commissioner of police” means—

(a)in relation to the metropolitan police district, the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis; and

(b)in relation to the City of London, the Commissioner of Police for the City of London;

  • the Common Council” means the Common Council of the City of London;

  • bus service” and “London bus service” have the meanings given by section 34(2) of this Act; and

  • metropolitan traffic commissioner” shall be read in accordance with section 35(3) of this Act.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, for the purposes of—

(a)section 37(4) of this Act; and

(b)section 42(8)(a) of this Act;

the local authorities affected are any of the following councils, that is to say, the councils of the London boroughs and the Common Council, in whose area the service, or any part of the service, is being or (as the case may be) is to be provided under the licence in question.

(3)For the purposes of—

(a)section 39(7) of this Act; and

(b)section 42(8)(a) of this Act as it applies in a case within subsection (9) of that section;

the local authorities affected are any of the councils mentioned in subsection (2) above in whose area there is situated any stopping place for the proposed service or (as the case may be) for the service which is being provided under the licence in question.

Repeal of Part IIE+W

46 Power of Secretary of State to repeal Part II.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order repeal this Part of this Act.

(2)Any order made under this section may contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential and transitional provisions as may appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient (including provision making such amendments or repeals in any provision of this or any other Act as may appear to the Secretary of State to be required in consequence of the repeal of this Part of this Act).

(3)No order shall be made under this section unless a draft of the order has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

Part IIIE+W+S The National Bus Company

The Bus Company’s disposal programmeE+W+S

F4347. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F43S. 47 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

F4448. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F44S. 48 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

Powers of disposalE+W+S

F4549. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F45S. 49 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

F4650. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F46S. 50 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

F4751. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F47S. 51 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

F4852. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F48S. 52 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

Miscellaneous and supplementaryE+W+S

F4953. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F49S. 53 repealed (1. 4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5,Sch.

54 Dissolution of the Bus Company.E+W+S

(1)When it appears to the Secretary of State that the Bus Company have completed their disposal programme, the Secretary of State may by order provide for the dissolution of the Company.

(2)Any such order may provide for the disposal of any remaining property, rights or liabilities of the Company, and may contain such supplementary, incidental and consequential provisions as may appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient.

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2) above, any such order may in particular make provision—

(a)F50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)F50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)F50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)making such amendments or repeals in any provision of the 1962 Act or the 1968 Act or of this or any other Act as appear to the Secretary of State to be required in consequence of the dissolution of the Company.

(4)F51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)F52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F50S. 54(3)(a)-(c) repealed (22.7.2004) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (c. 14), s. 1(1), {Sch. 1 Pt. 5 Group 15}

F51S. 54(4) repealed (22.7.2004) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (c. 14), s. 1(1), {Sch. 1 Pt. 5 Group 15}

F52S. 54(5) repealed (22.7.2004) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (c. 14), s. 1(1), {Sch. 1 Pt. 5 Group 15}

55 Reduction of assets of National Loans Fund.E+W+S

F53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F53S. 55 repealed (22.7.2004) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (c. 14), s. 1(1), {Sch. 1 Pt. 5 Group 15}

56 Interpretation of Part III.E+W+S

In this Part of this Act—

(a)references to the Bus Company shall be read in accordance with section 47(1) of this Act; and

(b)the Company’s disposal programme” has the meaning given by subsection (4) of that section.

Part IVE+W+S Local Passenger Transport Services

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C31Part IV (ss. 57-87): Transfer of functions (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 2, Sch. 1

Passenger Transport AreasE+W+S

57 Passenger Transport Areas, Authorities and Executives.E+W+S

(1)In section 9 of the 1968 Act (designation of passenger transport areas and establishment of Passenger Transport Authorities and Executives)—

(a)for subsections (1) to (4) there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(1)For the purposes of this Part of this Act—

(a)each of the following areas, that is to say—

(i)in England and Wales, the metropolitan counties; and

(ii)in Scotland, that part of the Strathclyde region which was a designated area for the purposes of this Part of this Act immediately before the date on which section 57 of the Transport Act 1985 came into operation;

shall be a passenger transport area;

(a)the Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area (referred to below in this Part of this Act, in relation to that area, as “the Authority”) shall be—

(i)in relation to a passenger transport area in England and Wales, the metropolitan county council; and

(ii)in relation to the Strathclyde passenger transport area, the Strathclyde regional council; and

(c)the Passenger Transport Executive for a passenger transport area (referred to below in this Part of this Act, in relation to that area, as “the Executive”) shall be the body which immediately before the date mentioned in paragraph (a) above was the Passenger Transport Executive for the designated area for the purposes of this Part of this Act corresponding to that passenger transport area.

(2)The Executive for a passenger transport area consists of—

(a)a Director General appointed in accordance with Part II of Schedule 5 to this Act by the Authority; and

(b)not less than two nor more than eight other members so appointed by the Authority after consultation with the Director General.

(3)Subject to subsection (2) of this section and Part II of Schedule 5 to this Act, the Secretary of State may by order make with respect to the Executive for any passenger transport area—

(a)such provision with respect to any of the matters referred to in Part III of that Schedule; and

(b)such supplementary, incidental and consequential provision;

as appears to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient.

(4)Before making any order under subsection (3) of this section, the Secretary of State shall consult with the Passenger Transport Authority for the area and, where the area is in England and Wales, with the councils of the districts comprised in the area.;

(b)in subsection (5), as it applies to England and Wales, for the words “constituent areas” there shall be substituted the words “the districts comprised in a passenger transport area”;

(c)in subsection (5), as it applies to Scotland, for the word “designated” there shall be substituted the words “passenger transport”; and

(d)subsection (7) shall be omitted.

(2)After section 9 there shall be inserted the following sections—

9A General functions of Passenger Transport Authorities and Executives.

(1)It shall be the duty of the Authority for any passenger transport area to formulate from time to time general policies with respect to the descriptions of public passenger transport services they consider it appropriate for the Executive for their area to secure for the purpose of meeting any public transport requirements within their area which in the view of the Authority would not be met apart from any action taken by the Executive for that purpose.

(2)The Authority shall seek and have regard to the advice of the Executive for their area in formulating their policies under subsection (1) of this section.

(3)It shall be the duty of the Executive for any passenger transport area to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as they consider it appropriate to secure for meeting any public transport requirements within their area in accordance with policies formulated by the Authority for their area under subsection (1) of this section.

(4)The Executive shall have power to enter into an agreement providing for service subsidies for the purpose of securing the provision of any service under subsection (3) of this section; but their power to do so—

(a)shall be exercisable only where the service in question would not be provided without subsidy; and

(b)is subject to sections 89 to 92 of the Transport Act 1985 (tendering for local services, etc.).

(5)Where it appears to the Authority for any passenger transport area that it would be appropriate for the Executive for that area to take any measures for the purpose of or in connection with promoting, so far as relates to that area—

(a)the availability of public passenger transport services other than subsidised services and the operation of such services, in conjunction with each other and with any available subsidised services, so as to meet any public transport requirements the Authority consider it appropriate to meet; or

(b)the convenience of the public (including persons who are elderly or disabled) in using all available public passenger transport services (whether subsidised or not);

the Authority may from time to time formulate general policies with respect to the description of such measures to be taken by the Executive for that area, and the Executive shall take such measures for the purpose or in the connection mentioned above as appear to them to be appropriate for carrying out those policies.

(6)It shall be the duty—

(a)of the Authority for any passenger transport area, in formulating any such policies; and

(b)of the Executive for any passenger transport area, in carrying out any such policies;

so to conduct themselves as not to inhibit competition between persons providing or seeking to provide public passenger transport services in their area.

(7)It shall be the duty both of the Authority and of the Executive for any passenger transport area, in exercising or performing any of their functions under the preceding provisions of this section, to have regard to the transport needs of members of the public who are elderly or disabled.

(8)No person who is for the time being—

(a)the operator of any public passenger transport services;

(b)a director of any company or (as the case may be) an employee of any company or other person who is such an operator;

(c)a director or employee of any company which is a member of a group of inter-connected bodies corporate any one or more of which is such an operator;

(d)in Scotland, a partner or (as the case may be) an employee of a partner of such an operator;

shall be appointed as a member, officer or servant of the Executive for any passenger transport area; and any person so appointed who subsequently becomes such an operator, director, partner or employee shall immediately vacate his membership of the Executive, or (as the case may be) his office or employment with the Executive.

(9)References in subsection (5) above to subsidised services are references to services provided under an agreement providing for service subsidies entered into—

(a)by the Executive for the area in question or for any other area under subsection (4) of this section; or

(b)by any non-metropolitan county or district council in England and Wales or by any regional or islands council in Scotland under section 63 of the Transport Act 1985.

(10)For the purposes of subsection (8) above, any two bodies corporate are to be treated as interconnected if one of them is a body corporate of which the other is a subsidiary or if both of them are subsidiaries of the same body corporate; and in that subsection “group of interconnected bodies corporate” means a group consisting of two or more bodies corporate all of which are interconnected with each other in the sense given above.

(11)In this section and section 9B of this Act “public passenger transport services” has the same meaning as in the Transport Act 1985; and—

(a)references in this section to agreements providing for service subsidies; and

(b)references in this section and that section to the operator of, or to persons operating, any public passenger transport services;

shall be read as if contained in that Act.

9B Consultation and publicity with respect to policies as to services.

(1)When considering from time to time the formulation of policies for the purposes of section 9A(1) of this Act, the Authority for a passenger transport area shall consult—

(a)with every Passenger Transport Authority, county council or regional council whose area may be affected by those policies; and

(b)either with persons operating public passenger transport services within their area or with organisations appearing to the Authority to be representative of such persons;

and where the passenger transport area is in England and Wales the Authority shall also consult with the councils of the districts comprised in that area about the requirements of transport arising out of or in connection with the exercise and performance by those councils of their functions as local education authorities or of their social services functions.

(2)As soon as practicable after any occasion when they formulate new or altered policies for those purposes, the Authority concerned shall publish a statement of all policies so formulated by them on that or any previous occasion which for the time being apply in relation to the performance by the Executive for their area of their duty to secure services under section 9A(3).

(3)When the Authority publish such a statement, they shall send a copy of the statement—

(a)to each Authority or council whom they were required to consult under subsection (1)(a) above; and

(b)to each of the persons or (as the case may be) organisations whom they consulted under subsection (1)(b) above;

in relation to the formulation of their policies on the occasion in question.

(4)The Authority shall also—

(a)cause a copy of the statement last published by them under subsection (2) above to be made available for inspection (at all reasonable hours) at such places as they think fit; and

(b)give notice, by such means as they think expedient for bringing it to the attention of the public, as to the places at which a copy of that statement may be inspected.

(3)Section 20 of the 1968 Act (which imposes a special duty on the Executive for any passenger transport area to which that section is applied by an order made by the Secretary of State under subsection (1) of that section to secure by agreement with the Railways Board the provision of such railway passenger services as the Authority decide to be necessary to ensure a proper contribution towards the provision of a properly integrated and efficient system of public passenger transport to meet the needs of their area) shall apply in relation to the Executive for every passenger transport area; and subsection (1) of that section shall accordingly cease to have effect.

(4)Without prejudice to section 17(2)(b) of the M13Interpretation Act 1978 (preservation of subordinate legislation) any order under section 9(1) of the 1968 Act or under section 202(4) of the 1972 Act (orders establishing Passenger Transport Executives) which applies in relation to a Passenger Transport Executive immediately before this section comes into force shall have effect, so far as it makes with respect to that Executive any such provision as is mentioned in section 9(3) (as substituted by subsection (1) above), as if made under that provision (as so substituted).

(5)Section 9A(8) of the 1968 Act shall not apply in relation to any person appointed before this section comes into force as a member, officer or servant of the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area.

(6)Schedule 3 to this Act shall have effect for the purpose of making amendments consequential on the provisions of this section in the 1968 Act and in the other enactments there mentioned.

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Marginal Citations

58 Local government reorganisation: transport functions.E+W+S

(1)The following provisions of this section, with the exception of subsection (5), shall have effect from the abolition date within the meaning of the M14Local Government Act 1985 (that is to say, 1st April 1986).

(2)In section 9 of the 1968 Act (as amended by section 57(1) of this Act)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)at the beginning there shall be inserted the words “Subject to any order under section 42(1)(c) of the Local Government Act 1985 (alteration or abolition of passenger transport areas, etc.)”; and

(ii)in paragraph (b)(i), for the word “council” there shall be substituted the words “passenger transport authority for the county which is coterminous with or includes that passenger transport area”;

(b)in subsection (4), after the word “the” (where it last occurs) there shall be inserted the words “county which is coterminous with or includes that”; and

(c)in subsection (5), as it applies in England and Wales, after the words “comprised in” there shall be inserted the words “a county which is coterminous with or includes”.

[F54(3)In section 9B(1) of that Act, after the words “comprised in” there shall be inserted the words “the county which is coterminous with or includes”.]

(4)In the M15Local Government Act 1985—

(a)paragraphs 1, 2 and 4 of Schedule 12 shall be omitted;

(b)in section 39(2) (operative dates for Schedule 12), for the words “paragraphs 1 to 4” there shall be substituted the words “paragraph 3”; and

(c)in section 42(1)(c) (reorganisation of functions with respect to passenger transport), after the words “section 39 above” there shall be inserted the words “or section 58 of the Transport Act 1985”.

(5)Provisions of that Act referring generally to that Act, or to any provision made by or under that Act, shall have effect as if subsections (1) to (3) above were contained in that Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F54S. 58(3) repealed (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s.274, Sch. 31 Pt. II; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3));S.I. 2002/2024, art. 2(b)

Marginal Citations

59 Transfer of bus undertakings of Executives to companies owned by Authorities.E+W+S

(1)Before such date as the Secretary of State may specify in the case of any Passenger Transport Executive in a direction given to that Executive, the Executive shall form a company for the purpose of carrying on—

(a)activities of any description carried on by the Executive in or for the purposes of the provision of any service for the carriage of passengers by road currently provided by the Executive in exercise of any of their powers under section 10(1) of the 1968 Act; and

(b)any activities which appear to the Executive to be incidental to or connected with any activities within paragraph (a) above or to be capable of being conveniently carried on in association with any such activities.

(2)The company shall be a company limited by shares registered under the M16Companies Act 1985.

(3)Where the Executive for any passenger transport area have formed a company in pursuance of this section, the Executive shall, before such date as the Secretary of State may specify in a direction given to the Executive, submit to the Secretary of State a scheme providing for the transfer to the company of any property, rights or liabilities of the Executive, or of any wholly-owned subsidiary of theirs, which it appears to the Executive to be appropriate to transfer to that company.

(4)In preparing a scheme in pursuance of subsection (3) above, the Executive in question shall take into account any advice given by the Secretary of State as to the provisions he regards as appropriate for inclusion in the scheme (and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of that, as to the description of property, rights and liabilities it is in his view appropriate to transfer to the company).

(5)A scheme under subsection (3) above shall not come into force until it has been approved by the Secretary of State or until such date as the Secretary of State may, in giving his approval, specify; and the Secretary of State may approve a scheme either without modifications or with such modifications as, after consultation with the Executive and with the Passenger Transport Authority for the area in question, he thinks fit.

(6)If the Secretary of State is not satisfied that a scheme submitted under subsection (3) above accords with any such advice given by him as is mentioned in subsection (4) above, or would do so with appropriate modifications, he may, after consultation with the Executive and with the Passenger Transport Authority for the area in question, instead of approving the scheme substitute for it a scheme of his own, to come into force on such date as may be specified in the scheme.

(7)On the coming into force of a scheme under this section the property, rights and liabilities affected by the scheme shall, subject to section 129 of this Act, be transferred and vest in accordance with the scheme.

(8)Following the transfer to the company under subsection (7) above of the property, rights and liabilities affected by the scheme, the Executive shall, before such date as the Secretary of State may specify in a direction given to the Executive, transfer all shares in or other securities of the company to the Passenger Transport Authority for their area.

(9)Where—

(a)the property, rights and liabilities transferred under subsection (7) above include the whole of the undertaking of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the Executive; and

(b)it appears to the Executive that no further action is required on the part of that subsidiary to perfect any transfer under that subsection;

the Executive shall secure that that subsidiary is wound up.

(10)Without prejudice to any other restriction on their powers, a Passenger Transport Executive may not dispose of any shares in or other securities of a company formed by that Executive in pursuance of this section otherwise than in accordance with subsection (8) above.

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Marginal Citations

60 Exclusion of public sector co-operation requirements and bus operating powers.E+W+S

(1)This section applies where in the case of any passenger transport area a company (referred to below in this Part of this Act, in relation to that area, as “the initial company”) has been formed by the Passenger Transport Executive for that area (“the Executive”) in pursuance of section 59 of this Act.

(2)At any time after the Secretary of State has given to the Executive a direction under subsection (3) of that section the Secretary of State may by order provide that the Executive shall cease, on a day specified in the order, to be under the duty imposed by section 24(2) of the 1968 Act (duty to co-operate with the National Bus Company and the Scottish Transport Group and to enter into agreements for that purpose).

(3)Where an order is made under subsection (2) above, any duty of the National Bus Company and the Scottish Transport Group under section 24(2) of the 1968 Act to co-operate with the Executive (or with each other) shall cease on the day specified in the order to apply in relation to the Executive’s area.

(4)Any order under subsection (2) above may include provision for the termination of any agreements made under section 24(2) to which the Executive are a party, on such terms and such dates as may be specified in relation to those agreements in the order (and different terms and dates may be so specified in relation to different agreements).

(5)At any time after the transfer required under section 59(8) of shares in or other securities of the initial company to the Passenger Transport Authority for the Executive’s area has taken place the Secretary of State may by order provide that the Executive shall cease, on a day specified in the order, to have the powers under section 10(1)(i) and (viii) of the 1968 Act (powers to carry passengers by road and to let passenger vehicles on hire with or without trailers for the carriage of goods).

(6)Where an order is made under subsection (5) above in relation to the Executive, section 16(2) of the 1968 Act (which relates to the provision of special information in the annual report of Authorities and Executives as to certain businesses of providing services for the carriage of passengers by road) shall cease to apply in relation to any accounting period of the Executive beginning on or after the day specified in the order.

(7)The Secretary of State may by order provide for the repeal of—

(a)section 24(2) of the 1968 Act; and

(b)section 10(1)(i) and (viii) of that Act;

on the date on which, by virtue of the cumulative effect of orders made under this section, there ceases to be any Passenger Transport Executive in Great Britain who are under the duty imposed by section 24(2) or have the powers under section 10(1)(i) and (viii).

(8)Any order made under subsection (7) above may contain such supplementary, incidental and consequential provisions (including provisions modifying any enactment contained in this or any other Act) as may appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient in consequence of any repeals made by the order.

61 Division of undertakings of companies formed under section 59.E+W+S

(1)Where in the case of any passenger transport area the transfer required under section 59(8) of this Act of shares in or other securities of the initial company to the Passenger Transport Authority for that area has taken place, the Secretary of State may by a direction given to that Authority require the Authority to submit to him in accordance with the following provisions of this section written proposals for the division of the undertaking of the initial company among two or more companies to be formed in pursuance of the proposals.

(2)Where the initial company has any wholly-owned subsidiaries, the proposals may, instead of or (as the case may be) in addition to providing for the transfer to any one or more of those companies of the shares in or other securities of any such subsidiary comprised in the initial company’s undertaking, provide for—

(a)the division among those companies; or

(b)the transfer to any one of them;

of the whole or any part of the undertaking, or of any property, rights or liabilities, of that subsidiary.

(3)The proposals shall be submitted to the Secretary of State before the end of such period as may be specified in the direction.

(4)The proposals shall—

(a)provide for each company to be formed in pursuance of the proposals (referred to below in this section as a transferee company) to be a company limited by shares and registered under the M17Companies Act 1985;

(b)broadly describe the manner in which the undertaking of the initial company, and the whole or any part of the undertaking of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the initial company to which the proposals relate, is to be divided among the transferee companies or (as the case may be) transferred in accordance with the proposals to any one of those companies; and

(c)provide for the winding up of the initial company, and of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the initial company the whole of whose undertaking is to be transferred in accordance with the proposals to any one or more of the transferee companies, on completion of the transfer of that company’s or (as the case may be) of that subsidiary’s undertaking.

(5)In preparing their proposals the Authority shall take into account any advice given by the Secretary of State as to the provisions he regards as appropriate for inclusion in the proposals (and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of that, as to the description of property, rights and liabilities of the initial company and of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the initial company it is in his view appropriate to transfer to each of the transferee companies).

(6)The Secretary of State may approve the proposals either without modifications or with such modifications as, after consultation with the Authority, he thinks fit.

(7)If the Secretary of State is not satisfied that the proposals accord with any such advice given by him as is mentioned in subsection (5) above, or would do so with appropriate modifications, he may, after consultation with the Authority, instead of approving the proposals substitute for them a plan of his own.

(8)When the Secretary of State has approved the proposals or substituted for them a plan of his own, the Authority shall form each transferee company in accordance with the proposals as approved by the Secretary of State or (as the case may be) in accordance with the Secretary of State’s plan, and secure the registration of that company under the M18Companies Act 1985, before such date as the Secretary of State may specify in relation to that company in giving his approval to the proposals or (as the case may be) in that plan.

(9)When all the transferee companies have been formed in accordance with the proposals as so approved or (as the case may be) in accordance with the Secretary of State’s plan, the Authority shall, before such date as the Secretary of State may specify in a direction given to the Authority, submit to the Secretary of State a scheme providing for the transfer to each transferee company of any property, rights and liabilities—

(a)of the initial company; and

(b)of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the initial company;

which are to be transferred in accordance with those proposals or (as the case may be) in accordance with that plan to that transferee company.

(10)A scheme under subsection (9) above shall not come into force until it has been approved by the Secretary of State or until such date as the Secretary of State may, in giving his approval, specify; and the Secretary of State may approve a scheme either without modifications or with such modifications as, after consultation with the Authority, he thinks fit.

(11)On the coming into force of a scheme under subsection (9) above the property, rights and liabilities affected by the scheme shall, subject to section 129 of this Act, be transferred and vest in accordance with the scheme.

(12)When it appears to the Authority that no further action is required on the part of the initial company to perfect any transfer effected by the scheme, the Authority shall secure that the initial company is wound up in accordance with the proposals as approved by the Secretary of State or (as the case may be) in accordance with the Secretary of State’s plan.

(13)Subsection (12) above shall apply in relation to any subsidiary of the initial company the whole of whose undertaking is transferred under the scheme to one or more of the transferee companies as it applies in relation to the initial company.

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Marginal Citations

62 Protection of employee benefits on transfer and division of bus undertakings.E+W+S

(1)In this section, as it applies in relation to the Passenger Transport Executive or (as the case may be) in relation to the Passenger Transport Authority for any passenger transport area—

  • the first transfer” means the transfer under section 59(7) of this Act to the initial company of property, rights and liabilities of the Executive for that area; and

  • the second transfer” means the transfer under section 61(11) of this Act to companies formed under that section of property, rights and liabilities of the initial company;

and “the first transfer date” and “the second transfer date” mean respectively the date on which the first transfer and the date on which the second transfer takes effect.

(2)The Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area shall have power to make, in such manner as they think fit, such provision as appears to them to be appropriate in connection with either the first or the second transfer for the maintenance to any extent of any concession, benefit or privilege of a description enjoyed immediately before the first transfer date by—

(a)persons who then were or had been employed in such part of the Executive’s undertaking, or of the undertaking of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the Executive, as was transferred on that date to the initial company; or

(b)members of the families of any such persons.

(3)Subject to subsection (4) below, the Passenger Transport Authority for any passenger transport area shall have power to make, in such manner as they think fit, such provision as appears to them to be appropriate in connection with the second transfer for the maintenance to any extent of any concession, benefit or privilege of a description enjoyed immediately before the second transfer date by—

(a)persons who then were or had been employed in any undertaking or part of an undertaking transferred on that date to a company formed under section 61 of this Act; or

(b)members of the families of any such persons.

(4)Subsection (3) above shall not apply to any concession, benefit or privilege of a description to which subsection (2) above applies.

(5)Where provision for the maintenance of a concession, benefit or privilege of any description may be made under subsection (2) or (3) above provision may instead be made, in any cases or classes of case to which that subsection applies, for the making of any payment or the provision of any other concession, benefit or privilege in compensation for the loss or (as the case may be) for any reduction or limitation of concessions, benefits or privileges of that description.

Passenger transport in other areasE+W+S

63 Functions of local councils with respect to passenger transport in areas other than passenger transport areas.E+W

(1)In each non-metropolitan county of England and Wales it shall be the duty of the county council—

(a)to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as the council consider it appropriate to secure to meet any public transport requirements within the county which would not in their view be met apart from any action taken by them for that purpose; F55. . .

F55(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)It shall be the duty of a F56. . . council in Scotland, in relation to any part of their area which is not a passenger transport area—

(a)to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as the council consider it appropriate to secure to meet any public transport requirements within their area which would not in their view be met apart from any action taken by them for that purpose; and

(b)to formulate from time to time general policies as to the descriptions of services they propose to secure under paragraph (a) above.

(3)In formulating policies under subsection F57. . . (2)(b) above with respect to the descriptions of services they propose to secure under subsection F57. . . (2)(a) above, a council shall have regard to any measures they are required or propose to take for meeting any transport requirements in exercise or performance of—

(a)any of their functions F58. . . as an education authority; or

(b)any of their F59. . . social work functions.

(4)A non-metropolitan district council in England F60. . . shall have power to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as they consider it appropriate to secure to meet any public transport requirements within their area which would not in their view be met apart from any action taken by them for that purpose.

(5)For the purpose of securing the provision of any service under subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a) or (as the case may be) under subsection (4) above any council shall have power to enter into an agreement providing for service subsidies; but their power to do so—

(a)shall be exercisable only where the service in question would not be provided without subsidy; and

(b)is subject to sections 89 to 92 of this Act.

(6)A non-metropolitan county council in England and Wales or, in Scotland, a F56. . . council shall have power to take any measures that appear to them to be appropriate for the purpose of or in connection with promoting, so far as relates to their area—

(a)the availability of public passenger transport services other than subsidised services and the operation of such services, in conjunction with each other and with any available subsidised services, so as to meet any public transport requirements the council consider it appropriate to meet; or

(b)the convenience of the public (including persons who are elderly or disabled) in using all available public passenger transport services (whether subsidised or not).

(7)It shall be the duty of a county council or (as the case may be) of a regional or islands council, in exercising their power under subsection (6) above, [F61to have regard to a combination of economy, efficiency and effectiveness.]

(8)It shall be the duty of any council, in exercising or performing any of their functions under the preceding provisions of this section, to have regard to the transport needs of members of the public who are elderly or disabled [F62and to the appropriate bus strategy.].

[F63(8A)In subsection (8) “the appropriate bus strategy” means—

(a)in the case of a council which is a local transport authority (within the meaning of section 108(4) of the Transport Act 2000), their bus strategy;

(b)in the case of a district council which is not such an authority, the bus strategy of the council for the county in which the district is situated.]

(9)References in subsection (6) above to subsidised services are references to services provided under an agreement providing for service subsidies entered into—

(a)by the council in question or by any other county or district council or regional or islands council under this section; or

(b)by the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area under section 9A(4) of the 1968 Act.

(10)In this Act—

(a)public passenger transport services” means all those services on which members of the public rely for getting from place to place, when not relying on private facilities of their own, including school transport but not—

(i)services provided under permits under section 19 of this Act, other than services provided wholly or mainly to meet the needs of members of the public who are elderly or disabled; or

(ii)excursions or tours; and

(b)references, in relation to any Passenger Transport Executive, non-metropolitan county or district council or regional or islands council, to agreements providing for service subsidies are references to agreements under which any person undertakes to provide a public passenger transport service of any description on terms which include provision for the making of payments to that person by that Executive or council.

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Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version of this provision has been created for Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

F55S. 63(1)(b) and the preceding word omitted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by virtue of 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(2) and repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by ss. 161, 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II of that Act; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; S.I. 2002/2024{art. 2(b)}

F56Words in s. 63(2)(6) repealed (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

F57Words in s. 63(3) omitted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by virtue of 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(3)(a) and repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II of that Act; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; S.I. 2002/2024, {art. 2 (b)}

F58Words in s. 63(3)(a) omitted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by virtue of 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(3)(b) and repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W. ) by s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II of that Act; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; S.I. 2002/2024, {art.2 (b)}

F59Words in s. 63(3)(b) omitted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by virtue of 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(3)(c) and repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II of that Act; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; and S.I. 2002/2024, art. 2(b)

F61Words in s. 63(7) substituted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(4); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11

F62Words in s. 63(8) inserted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(5); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11

F63S. 63(8A) inserted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 11(6); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C33S. 63(7) excluded (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 51(1) of Order

S. 63(7) excluded (24.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/3627, art. 50

63 Functions of local councils with respect to passenger transport in areas other than passenger transport areas.S

(1)In each non-metropolitan county of England and Wales it shall be the duty of the county council—

(a)to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as the council consider it appropriate to secure to meet any public transport requirements within the county which would not in their view be met apart from any action taken by them for that purpose; and

(b)to formulate from time to time general policies as to the descriptions of services they propose to secure under paragraph (a) above.

(2)It shall be the duty of a F234. . . council in Scotland, in relation to any part of their area which is not a passenger transport area—

(a)to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as the council consider it appropriate to secure to meet any public transport requirements within their area which would not in their view be met apart from any action taken by them for that purpose; and

(b)to formulate from time to time general policies as to the descriptions of services they propose to secure under paragraph (a) above.

F235(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)A non-metropolitan district council in England F236. . . shall have power to secure the provision of such public passenger transport services as they consider it appropriate to secure to meet any public transport requirements within their area which would not in their view be met apart from any action taken by them for that purpose.

(5)For the purpose of securing the provision of any service under subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a) or (as the case may be) under subsection (4) above any council shall have power to enter into an agreement providing for service subsidies; but their power to do so—

(a)shall be exercisable only where the service in question[F237—(i)] would not be provided [F238;or

(ii)would not be provided to the standard specified in a quality partnership scheme made under section 6 of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 2),]

without subsidy; and

(b)is subject to [F239section]F239 92 of this Act.

(6)A non-metropolitan county council in England and Wales or, in Scotland, a F234. . . council shall have power to take any measures that appear to them to be appropriate for the purpose of or in connection with promoting, so far as relates to their area—

(a)the availability of public passenger transport services other than subsidised services and the operation of such services, in conjunction with each other and with any available subsidised services, so as to meet any public transport requirements the council consider it appropriate to meet; or

(b)the convenience of the public (including persons who are elderly or disabled) in using all available public passenger transport services (whether subsidised or not).

(7)It shall be the duty of a county council or [F240, in Scotland , a] council, in exercising their power under subsection (6) above, so to conduct themselves as not to inhibit competition between persons providing or seeking to provide public passenger transport services in their area.

(8)It shall be the duty of any council, in exercising or performing any of their functions under the preceding provisions of this section, to have regard to the transport needs of members of the public who are elderly or disabled.

(9)References in subsection (6) above to subsidised services are references to services provided under an agreement providing for service subsidies entered into—

(a)by the council in question or by any other county or district council or [F241in Scotland] council under this section; or

(b)by the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area under section 9A(4) of the 1968 Act.

(10)In this Act—

(a)public passenger transport services” means all those services on which members of the public rely for getting from place to place, when not relying on private facilities of their own, including school transport but not—

(i)services provided under permits under section 19 of this Act, other than services provided wholly or mainly to meet the needs of members of the public who are elderly or disabled; or

(ii)excursions or tours; and

(b)references, in relation to any Passenger Transport Executive, non-metropolitan county or district council or [F241in Scotland] council, to agreements providing for service subsidies are references to agreements under which any person undertakes to provide a public passenger transport service of any description on terms which include provision for the making of payments to that person by that Executive or council.

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Extent Information

E13This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version of this provision has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F234Words in s. 63(2)(6) repealed (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

F238S. 63(5)(b)(ii) and the preceding word ";or" inserted (S.) (1.7.2001) by asp 2, s. 12(b) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt .II

F239Words in s. 63(5)(b) substituted (S.) (1.4.2003) by Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1), ss. 60(3)(a), 62(2); S.S.I. 2003/134, art. 2(1), Sch.

F240Words in s. 63(7) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. 1 para. 7(b)

F241Words in s. 63(9)(a)(10)(b) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. 1 para. 7(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C94S. 63: functions transferred (S.) (1.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the Shetland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/527), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

S. 63: functions transferred (S.) (7.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the South-West of Scotland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/538), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

C95S. 63(7) excluded (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 51(1) of Order

S. 63(7) excluded (24.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/3627, art. 50

S. 63(7) excluded (S.) (27.4.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Act 2006 (asp 6), s. 53 (with s. 75)

S. 63(7) excluded (S.) (8.5.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Act 2006 (asp 7), s. 53 (with ss. 76, 84)

64 Consultation and publicity with respect to policies as to services.E+W

(1)When considering from time to time the formulation of policies for the purposes of section [F6463(2)(b)] of this Act, any council to whom [F65that provision] applies shall consult—

(a)with every Passenger Transport Authority, county council orregional or islands council whose area may be affected by those policies; and

(b)either with persons operating public passenger transport services within their area or with organisations appearing to the council to be representative of such persons;

F66. . ..

(2)As soon as practicable after any occasion when they formulate new or altered policies for those purposes, any such council shall publish a statement of all policies so formulated by them on that or any previous occasion which they propose for the time being to follow in the performance of their duty to secure services F67. . . under section 63(2)(a).

(3)When any such council publish such a statement, they shall send a copy of the statement—

(a)to each Authority or council whom they were required to consult under subsection (1)(a) above; and

(b)to each of the persons or (as the case may be) organisations whom they consulted under subsection (1)(b) above;

in relation to the formulation of their policies on the occasion in question.

(4)The council shall also—

(a)cause a copy of the statement last published by them under subsection (2) above to be made available for inspection (at all reasonable hours) at such places as they think fit; and

(b)give notice, by such means as they think expedient for bringing it to the attention of the public, as to the places at which a copy of that statement may be inspected.

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Extent Information

E3This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

F64Words in s. 64(1) substituted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 12(2)(a); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11

F65Words in s. 64(1) substituted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 12(2)(b); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11

F66S. 64(1): the words following paragraph (b) omitted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by virtue of 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 12(2)(c) and repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8. 2002 for W.) by s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II of that Act; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11: S.I. 2002/2024, art. 2(b)

F67Words in s. 64(2) omitted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by virtue of 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 12(3) and repealed (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II of that Act; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (subject to savings in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; S.I. 2002/2024. {art. 2(b)}

64 Consultation and publicity with respect to policies as to services.S

(1)When considering from time to time the formulation of policies for the purposes of section 63(1)(b) or (2)(b) of this Act, any council to whom either of those provisions applies shall consult—

(a)with every Passenger Transport Authority, county council or [F242in Scotland] council whose area may be affected by those policies; and

(b)either with persons operating public passenger transport services within their area or with organisations appearing to the council to be representative of such persons;

and where the council’s area is in England F243. . . the council shall also consult with the councils of districts comprised in their area.

(2)As soon as practicable after any occasion when they formulate new or altered policies for those purposes, any such council shall publish a statement of all policies so formulated by them on that or any previous occasion which they propose for the time being to follow in the performance of their duty to secure services under section 63(1)(a) or (as the case may be) under section 63(2)(a).

(3)When any such council publish such a statement, they shall send a copy of the statement—

(a)to each Authority or council whom they were required to consult under subsection (1)(a) above; and

(b)to each of the persons or (as the case may be) organisations whom they consulted under subsection (1)(b) above;

in relation to the formulation of their policies on the occasion in question.

(4)The council shall also—

(a)cause a copy of the statement last published by them under subsection (2) above to be made available for inspection (at all reasonable hours) at such places as they think fit; and

(b)give notice, by such means as they think expedient for bringing it to the attention of the public, as to the places at which a copy of that statement may be inspected.

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Extent Information

E14This version of ths provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version of this provision has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F242Words in s. 64(1)(a) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. 1 para. 7(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

65 Co-operation between certain councils and London Regional Transport.E+W+S

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, any non-metropolitan county or district council in England and Wales and [F68Transport for London or any of its subsidiaries (within the meaning of the Greater London Authority Act 1999)]F68 shall each have power to enter into any agreement or arrangements with the other under which that council or (as the case may be) [F69Transport for London or that subsidiary]F69 undertake to contribute towards any expenditure incurred by the other party to the agreement or arrangements in making payments to a person providing a public passenger transport service under any agreement entered into by that other party in exercise of any power that other party may have to secure the provision of that service.

(2)The agreement under which the payments are made must have been entered into in pursuance of the agreement or arrangements between the council in question and [F70Transport for London or any of its subsidiaries (within the meaning of the Greater London Authority Act 1999)]F70 .

[F71(3)Transport for London shall not exercise its powers under section 156(2) or (3) of the Greater London Authority Act 1999, and no subsidiary of Transport for London shall enter into a transport subsidiary’s agreement (within the meaning of section 169 of that Act), in pursuance of any agreement or arrangement entered into under this section except—

(a)in a case where the service in question would not be provided without a subsidy; and

(b)in accordance with sections 89 to 92 of this Act.]

F71(4)F72. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)F72. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F68Words in s. 65(1) substituted (15.7.2003) by The Transport for London (Consequential Provisions) Order 2003 (S.I 2003/1615), art. 2, {Sch. 1 para. 12(2)(a)(i)}

F69Words in s. 65(1) substituted (15.7.2003) by The Transport for London (Consequential Provisions) Order 2003 (S.I 2003/1615), art. 2, {Sch. 1 para. 12(2)(a)(ii)}

F70Words in s. 65(2) substituted (15.7.2003) by The Transport for London (Consequential Provisions) Order 2003 (S.I 2003/1615), art. 2, {Sch. 1 para. 12(2)(b)}

F71S. 65(3) substituted (15.7.2003) by The Transport for London (Consequential Provisions) Order 2003 (S.I 2003/1615), art. 2, {Sch. 1 para. 12(2)(c)}

66 Exclusion of powers of certain councils to run bus undertakings.E+W+S

(1)Subject to section 71 of this Act and subsection (2) below, but notwithstanding anything in any other statutory provision, a non-metropolitan district council in England [F73a county council or county borough council in Wales] or, in Scotland, a [F74 council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] shall not have power to provide a service for the carriage of passengers by road which requires a PSV operator’s licence.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not have effect in relation to any council who, at the time when this section comes into force, are providing any such service until the end of such period as may be specified by order made by the Secretary of State.

References below in this Part of this Act to a council operating a bus undertaking are references to any council to whom this subsection applies.

(3)Any order under subsection (2) above may apply to all councils within that subsection who are not for the time being exempt by virtue of section 71 of this Act from subsection (1) above, to any class of such councils, or to any such council specified in the order; and different periods may be specified by any such order in relation to different councils or classes of councils to whom it applies.

(4)Any order under subsection (2) above shall, in relation to every period specified in the order for the purposes of that subsection (“the primary period”), specify also a period ending before the primary period as the period allowed to councils to whom the primary period applies for complying with such of the requirements of sections 67 to 69 of this Act as are applicable to them.

(5)A period specified by virtue of subsection (4) above in an order under subsection (2) above is referred to in those sections, in relation to any council to whom it applies, as the council’s preparatory period.

(6)Any order amending a previous order under subsection (2) above, in so far as it extends any period specified in the previous order for the purposes of that subsection, may be framed so as to have effect from a date earlier than the making of the order.

(7)For the purposes of this Part of this Act—

(a)a service for the carriage of passengers by road is a service which requires a PSV operator’s licence if vehicles used in providing the service are used in such circumstances that a PSV operator’s licence is required in respect of that use;

(b)any council who have made (whether alone or jointly with any other authority or authorities) arrangements under any enactment for the discharge by any other authority or person of that council’s functions with respect to the operation of any such service shall be taken to be providing that service at any time when it is being provided under those arrangements; and

(c)references, in relation to any council operating a bus undertaking, to the council’s bus undertaking are references (according to the context) to—

(i)all activities carried on, whether by the council themselves or by any other authority or person in pursuance of any such arrangements as are mentioned in paragraph (b) above or otherwise, in or for the purposes of the provision by the council of any such service; or

(ii)all property of the council used or appropriated for use and all rights and liabilities of the council subsisting for the purposes of any such activities.

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Amendments (Textual)

F74Words in s. 66(1) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I para. 7(d)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C34The period beginning with 6.1.1986 and ending with 25.10.1985 specified as the primary period for the purposes of subsection (2) of section 66 in relation to certain councils by virtue of S.I. 1985/1902, arts. 2, 4, Sch.

67 Formation of companies to run council bus undertakings.E+W+S

(1)Where an order is made under section 66(2) of this Act, the council or (as the case may be) each of the councils to whom the order applies shall, before the end of that council’s preparatory period, form (whether alone or jointly with any other council operating a bus undertaking) one or more companies for the purpose of carrying on—

(a)activities of any description included among the activities of the bus undertaking of that council or (as the case may be) of any of the councils concerned in the formation of the company or companies in question;

(b)activities of any other description included among the activities of any joint undertaking of which that council’s bus undertaking, or (as the case may be) the bus undertaking of any council so concerned, forms part; and

(c)any other activities which appear to the council or (as the case may be) to both or all of the councils so concerned to be incidental to or connected with any activities within paragraph (a) or (b) above or to be capable of being conveniently carried on in association with any such activities.

(2)Any company formed under this section shall be a company limited by shares registered under the M19Companies Act 1985.

(3)Subject to subsections (4) and (5) below, a council’s bus undertaking shall be regarded for the purposes of this Part of this Act as forming part of a joint undertaking if the services for the carriage of passengers by road provided in the course of the activities of the council’s bus undertaking are wholly or mainly provided under any agreement for—

(a)the provision or operation of those services by a body acting on the joint behalf of that council and one or more other councils; or

(b)the operation of those services by any company operating those services in conjunction with services for the carriage of passengers by road provided by that company.

(4)Subsection (3)(a) above only applies where the agreement provides for the distribution among the parties on its termination of—

(a)all assets, or the proceeds of all assets, used or appropriated for use for the purpose of providing services for the carriage of passengers by road under the agreement; or

(b)all such assets or proceeds excluding only land or the proceeds of disposal of land.

(5)Subsection (3)(b) above only applies where—

(a)the agreement includes provision for securing that the parties on termination of the agreement hold shares of equal value in assets required to be brought into account on termination of the agreement; and

(b)those assets include all assets so used or appropriated for use.

(6)References in this Part of this Act, in relation to a council whose bus undertaking forms part of a joint undertaking, to the joint undertaking are references to all activities carried on, or (according to the context) to all property used or appropriated for use and all rights and liabilities subsisting for the purposes of any activities carried on, in pursuance of the agreement by reference to which that council falls within subsection (3) above.

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Marginal Citations

68 Schemes for transfer of individual council bus undertakings to companies formed under section 67.E+W+S

(1)Subject to subsection (2) below, a council to whom section 67(1) of this Act applies shall, before the end of that council’s preparatory period, submit to the Secretary of State a scheme providing for the transfer to a company or companies formed by that council under that section of—

(a)such of the property, rights and liabilities of the council comprised in the council’s bus undertaking; and

(b)such other property, rights and liabilities of the council;

as it appears to the council to be appropriate to transfer to the company or companies in question.

(2)This section does not apply to a council whose bus undertaking forms part of a joint undertaking, except where any of the activities of the council’s bus undertaking (“the separate activities”) are carried on by the council otherwise than in pursuance of any such agreement as is mentioned in section 67(3) of this Act; and in the latter case the reference in subsection (1)(a) above to property, rights and liabilities of the council shall be read as limited to property used or appropriated for use and rights and liabilities subsisting for the purposes of the separate activities.

(3)Two or more councils to whom this section applies may submit a joint scheme for the purposes of subsection (1) above; and in any such case the scheme may provide for the transfer of any property, rights and liabilities within that subsection as it applies to any one of those councils to a company or companies formed under section 67 of this Act by any other of those councils.

(4)In preparing a scheme for the purposes of subsection (1) above the council or councils concerned shall take into account any advice given by the Secretary of State as to the provisions he regards as appropriate for inclusion in the scheme (and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of that, as to the description of property, rights and liabilities it is in his view appropriate to transfer to the company or companies in question).

(5)A scheme under this section shall not come into force until it has been approved by the Secretary of State or until such date as the Secretary of State may, in giving his approval, specify; and the Secretary of State may approve a scheme either without modifications or with such modifications as, after consultation with the council or councils concerned, he thinks fit.

(6)If the Secretary of State is not satisfied that a scheme submitted under subsection (1) above accords with any such advice given by him as is mentioned in subsection (4) above, or would do so with appropriate modifications, he may, after consultation with the council or councils concerned, instead of approving the scheme substitute for it a scheme of his own, to come into force on such date as may be specified in the scheme.

(7)On the coming into force of a scheme under this section, the property, rights and liabilities affected by the scheme shall, subject to section 129 of this Act, be transferred and vest in accordance with the scheme.

69 Orders for transfer of joint undertakings to companies formed under section 67.E+W+S

(1)This section applies to a council to whom section 67(1) of this Act applies whose bus undertaking forms part of a joint undertaking (referred to below in this section and in section 70 of this Act as a council participating in a joint undertaking).

(2)Any council participating in a joint undertaking shall, before the end of that council’s preparatory period, submit to the Secretary of State written proposals for the transfer to a company or companies formed by that council under section 67 of—

(a)such of the property, rights and liabilities comprised in that council’s share of the joint undertaking (whether or not then vested in that council); and

(b)such other property, rights and liabilities of the council;

as it appeals to the council to be appropriate to transfer to the company or companies in question.

(3)In any case within section 67(3)(a) of this Act both or all the councils participating in the joint undertaking may submit joint proposals for the purposes of subsection (2) above; and in any such case the proposals—

(a)may release to each council’s share of the joint undertaking and (without prejudice to that) to all property, rights and liabilities of the body carrying on that undertaking; and

(b)may provide for the transfer of any property, rights and liabilities within subsection (2) above as it applies to each of those councils to a company or companies formed under section 67 of this Act by any one or more of those councils.

(4)Any proposals submitted to the Secretary of State under this section must include proposals with respect to the terms on which the agreement under which the joint undertaking is carried on (referred to below in this section as the operating agreement) should be terminated.

(5)Individual proposals submitted to the Secretary of State under this section by a single council participating in a joint undertaking must include proposals for the division of that undertaking between the parties to it and the determination of the property, rights and liabilities to be allocated to each as his share.

(6)In preparing their proposals for the purposes of subsection (2) above the council or councils concerned shall take into account any advice given by the Secretary of State as to the provisions he regards as appropriate for inclusion in the proposals (and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of that, as to the description of property, rights and liabilities it is in his view appropriate to transfer to the company or companies in question).

(7)Where in relation to any joint undertaking the Secretary of State has received under this section proposals submitted to him (whether individually or jointly) by the council or (if more than one) by both or all of the councils participating in the undertaking, he shall, after considering those proposals and consulting the council or councils concerned, make an order in accordance with the following provisions of this section and section 70 of this Act.

(8)Before making such an order in any case within section 67(3)(b) of this Act the Secretary of State shall—

(a)give the company carrying on the joint undertaking an opportunity of making written representations with respect to any proposals submitted to the Secretary of State in relation to that undertaking by the council concerned; and

(b)consider any such representations made to him within such time as he may allow for the purpose.

(9)An order made by the Secretary of State under this section with respect to any joint undertaking may make provision—

(a)where joint proposals were submitted under subsection (3) above with respect to that undertaking, for the transfer in accordance with the proposals of—

(i)all property, rights and liabilities of the body carrying on that undertaking; and

(ii)such of the property, rights and liabilities of the councils participating in the joint undertaking as may be specified in the order;

(b)where individual proposals were submitted by any council participating in the joint undertaking, for the division of that undertaking between the parties to it and the determination of the property, rights and liabilities to be allocated to each as his share;

(c)in a case within paragraph (b) above, for the transfer in accordance with the proposals submitted by any such council of—

(i)such of the property, rights and liabilities comprised in that council’s share of the joint undertaking as determined by or under the order (whether or not then vested in that council) as may be specified in the order; and

(ii)such other property, rights and liabilities of that council as may be so specified;

and, in any case within section 67(3)(b) of this Act, for the transfer to the company carrying on the joint undertaking of any property, rights and liabilities of the council concerned which are comprised in that company’s share as determined by or under the order;

(d)for the transfer to such person as may be so specified from any council participating in the joint undertaking, or from the body carrying on the undertaking, of all such functions as may be determined by or under the order, being functions conferred or imposed on that council or body under any Act for the purposes of or in connection with the joint undertaking;

(e)for determining the effect of any transfer under the order in relation to persons employed in the joint undertaking or any part of it;

(f)for the protection of the interests of persons who by virtue of any transfer under the order fall to be treated as persons employed by the person taking that transfer;

(g)for the termination of the operating agreement on such terms as may be specified in the order; and

(h)in any case within section 67(3)(a) of this Act, for the dissolution of the body carrying on the joint undertaking.

(10)An order made by the Secretary of State under this section—

(a)may give effect to the proposals submitted to him under this section either without modifications or with such modifications as, after consultation with the council or councils concerned, the Secretary of State thinks fit; or

(b)if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that the proposals accord with any such advice given by him as is mentioned in subsection (6) above, or would do so with appropriate modifications, may make such provision in substitution for those proposals as the Secretary of State, after such consultation, thinks fit;

and references in subsection (9) above to an order’s making provision for the transfer of any property, rights and liabilities in accordance with any such proposals shall be read as referring to those proposals as approved by the Secretary of State or to any provision made by the order by virtue of paragraph (b) above, as the case may require.

70 Supplementary provisions with respect to orders under section 69.E+W+S

(1)Any order under section 69 of this Act may contain such supplementary, incidental and consequential provisions as the Secretary of State thinks necessary or expedient for the purposes of the order, and in particular (but without prejudice to the generality of that) may include provision—

(a)for the assumption by any council participating in the joint undertaking and by any person to whom any property, rights and liabilities are transferred under the order of such liabilities to one another as may be determined by or under the order to be appropriate having regard to the financial arrangements of that council before the severance from the other activities of the council of the joint undertaking or (as the case may be) of any activities of that council for the purposes of the joint undertaking;

(b)for the settlement by a court or otherwise of any dispute or other matter arising in connection with the order;

(c)for making in any statutory provision relating to, or to a class of undertakings which includes, the joint undertaking, such amendments or repeals as may appear to the Secretary of State to be required in consequence of any transfer under the order;

(d)for the making by any person to whom any property, rights and liabilities are transferred under the order to any council participating in the joint undertaking of payments by way of contributions to the cost of any adjustments arising from the severance mentioned in paragraph (a) above; and

(e)with respect to the consideration to be provided by any such person for any transfer under the order.

(2)Subject to subsection (3) below, any property, rights and liabilities for the transfer of which provision is made by an order under section 69 of this Act shall be transferred and vest in accordance with the order on such date or dates as may be appointed by the order for that purpose.

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this section, Schedule 4 to the 1968 Act (supplementary provisions as to certain transfers of property, rights and liabilities) shall apply to any transfer under subsection (2) above; and subsection (2) above shall have effect subject to the provisions of that Schedule.

(4)In Schedule 4 as it applies by virtue of subsection (3) above—

(a)any reference to a transfer by or a vesting by virtue of that Act shall be read as a reference to a transfer by or a vesting by virtue of the order; and

(b)the reference in paragraph 13(5) to the relevant provisions of that Act shall be read as including a reference to the relevant provisions of this Act.

(5)Any order under section 69 of this Act may make modifications in Schedule 4 for the purposes of its application to a transfer effected by that order.

71 Exemption for councils running small bus undertakings.E+W+S

(1)Where in the case of any council operating a bus undertaking the number of vehicles owned by the council and used or appropriated for use in providing any service for the carriage of passengers by road which requires a PSV operator’s licence does not exceed such number as may be specified by order made by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of State may on the application of that council grant to that council an exemption from section 66(1) of this Act for such period and on such terms and conditions as he thinks fit.

(2)Any such exemption shall cease to have effect if any term or condition applicable to it is contravened.

(3)Where a council operating a bus undertaking is in possession of a vehicle under an agreement for hire, hire-purchase, conditional sale or loan, that vehicle shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (1) above as owned by the council.

Further provisions with respect to companies formed under Part IVE+W+S

72 The public transport companies and their controlling authorities.E+W+S

(1)References in this Part of this Act to a public transport company are references to any of the following—

(a)any company which was formed under section 59 of this Act by the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area and is for the time being a subsidiary of that Executive or of the Passenger Transport Authority for that area;

(b)any company which was formed under section 61 of this Act by the Passenger Transport Authority for any passenger transport area and is for the time being a subsidiary of that Authority; and

(c)any company which was formed by one or more councils under section 67 of this Act and is for the time being under local authority control.

(2)A company formed under section 67 of this Act shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (1)(c) above as under local authority control at any time when either—

(a)it is a subsidiary of a single district council in England and Wales or, in Scotland, of a single [F75council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] or

(b)if two or more such councils who are members of the company were a single body corporate, it would be a subsidiary of that body corporate.

(3)References in this Part of this Act to a public transport company’s controlling authority—

(a)in relation to a company within subsection (1)(a) or (b) above, are references to the Passenger Transport Executive or (as the case may be) the Passenger Transport Authority of whom it is a subsidiary; and

(b)in relation to a company within subsection (1)(c) above, are references to the council or councils referred to in subsection (2) above.

(4)References in this Part of this Act to a composite authority are references to a controlling authority consisting of two or more such councils as are referred to in subsection (2) above, and the councils concerned are referred to as the component councils of that authority.

(5)For the purposes of this Part of this Act a public transport company is an associated company—

(a)in relation to a Passenger Transport Authority if that Authority or the Passenger Transport Executive for that Authority’s area are its controlling authority;

(b)in relation to a Passenger Transport Executive if that Executive or the Passenger Transport Authority for that Executive’s area are its controlling authority; and

(c)in relation to a district council in England and Wales or, in Scotland, a [F75council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] if that council are its controlling authority or one of the component councils of a composite authority who are its controlling authority.

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Amendments (Textual)

F75Words in s. 72(2)(a)(5)(c) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I para. 7(d)

73 Control over constitution and activities of public transport companies.E+W+S

(1)It shall be the duty of any public transport company’s controlling authority to exercise their control over that company so as to ensure that the directors of the company include no more than the permitted maximum number of persons who are not full-time employees of the company.

(2)Following the transfer to a public transport company of its initial undertaking, it shall be the duty of that company’s controlling authority to exercise their control over that company so as to ensure that the directors of the company include not less than the required minimum number of persons who are full-time employees of the company holding positions of responsibility for the management of the company’s business or any part of it.

The reference above in this subsection to the transfer to a public transport company of its initial undertaking is a reference, in relation to any such company, to the transfer or (if more than one) the first transfer of property, rights and liabilities to that company under section 59(7), 61(11), 68(7) or 70(2) of this Act.

(3)Subject to subsection (5) below, it shall be the duty of any public transport company’s controlling authority to exercise their control over the company so as to ensure that the company—

(a)does not engage in activities in which the controlling authority have no power to engage or permit any body corporate which is its subsidiary to engage in any such activities;

(b)does not—

(i)borrow money from any person other than the controlling authority; or

(ii)permit any body corporate which is its subsidiary to borrow money from any person other than the company, any other subsidiary of the company, or the controlling authority;

with the exception in each case of borrowing by way of temporary loan or overdraft; and

(c)does not—

(i)raise money by the issue of shares or stock to any person other than the controlling authority; or

(ii)permit any body corporate which is its subsidiary to raise money by the issue of shares or stock to any person other than the company.

(4)Where a public transport company’s controlling authority are a composite authority, the duties imposed by the preceding provisions of this section are joint duties of both or all of the component councils of that authority; and subsection (3) above shall apply in any such case as if—

(a)paragraph (a) referred to activities in which none of the component councils have power to engage; and

(b)references in paragraphs (b) and (c) to the controlling authority were references to the component councils.

(5)Subsection (3)(a) above shall not apply—

(a)in the case of a public transport company whose controlling authority are the Passenger Transport Authority for any passenger transport area, in relation to activities within the powers of the Executive for that area or activities which were formerly within those powers but have ceased to be so by virtue of any order made under section 60 of this Act;

(b)in the case of a public transport company within section 72(1)(c) of this Act, in relation to activities which were formerly within the powers of the council who formed or of any council who participated in forming that company, but have ceased to be so by virtue of section 66(1) of this Act.

(6)The Secretary of State may by order prescribe—

(a)the permitted maximum number for the purposes of subsection (1) above; and

(b)the required minimum number for the purposes of subsection (2) above.

74 Disabilities of directors of public transport companies.E

(1)A director of a public transport company who is paid for acting as such or is an employee of the public transport company or a subsidiary of the public transport company shall be disqualified for being elected or being a member—

(a)of any council who are that company’s controlling authority; or

(b)where that company’s controlling authority are a composite authority, of any of the component councils.

(2)Where a public transport company’s controlling authority are a Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales, a director of that company who is paid for acting as such or is an employee of that company or a subsidiary of that company shall be disqualified for being appointed or being a member of that Passenger Transport Authority.

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this section, if a director of a public transport company is a member of any such council as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above or of any such Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (2) above he shall not at any meeting of that council or Authority—

(a)take part in the consideration or discussion of any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company; or

(b)vote on any question with respect to any such contract, proposed contract or other matter.

[F76(3A)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where a director of a public transport company is a member of the executive of any such council as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above which are operating executive arrangements under Part II of the Local Government Act 2000, he shall not, in the course of the discharge of any function that is the responsibility of the executive, take any action in the consideration, or the making of any decision with respect to any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company.

(3B)Subsection (3) or (3A) above shall not prohibit a person from taking part in the consideration or discussion of, or from voting on any question with respect to, a local transport plan or bus strategy.]

[F77(4)The Secretary of State may grant a written dispensation from subsection (3) or (3A) above in the case of any individual member, except that no such dispensation may be granted in the case of a member of a council’s executive acting alone.]

(5)Any such dispensation—

(a)may extend both to the consideration or discussion of any such contract, proposed contract or other matter and to voting with respect to it, or to either alone;

(b)may relate to contracts, proposed contracts or other matters of all descriptions or of any particular description specified in the dispensation; and

(c)may be withdrawn or varied at any time by a notice in writing given by the Secretary of State to the member in question.

[F78(6)The Secretary of State may confer exemptions from subsection (3) or (3A) above either generally or in the case of any class or description of members except that no such exemption may be granted in the case of a member of a council’s executive acting alone; and—

(a)subsection (5)(a) and (b) above shall apply in relation to any such exemption as they apply in relation to any dispensation that may be granted under subsection (4) above; and

(b)any such exemption may be withdrawn or varied at any time by the Secretary of State.]

(7)If any person fails to comply with subsection (3) [F79or (3A)] above he shall for each offence be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale, unless he proves that he did not know that a contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the company concerned was the subject of consideration at the meeting in question.

(8)A prosecution for an offence under this section shall not, in England and Wales, be instituted except by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(9)A council who are a public transport company’s controlling authority or one of the component councils of such an authority, and any Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales who are a public transport company’s controlling authority, may by standing orders provide for the exclusion of a member of that council or authority who is a director of that company from a meeting of that council or Authority while any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company is under consideration.

(10)Subsections (3) and (9) above shall apply as respects members of—

(a)a committee of any such council or Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (9) above; or

(b)a joint committee of two or more local authorities one or more of whom is such a council or Passenger Transport Authority;(including in either case a sub-committee), as they apply in respect of members of that council or Authority, but with the substitution of references to meetings of any such committee for references to meetings of that council or Authority.

(11)In subsection (10)(b) above, “local authority”—

(a)as respects England and Wales, has the same meaning as in the 1972 Act, except that it includes also a metropolitan county passenger transport authority; and

(b)as respects Scotland, has the same meaning as in the M20Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

(12)For the purposes of section 94 of the 1972 Act or section 38 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (disability of members of authorities for voting on account of interest in contracts, etc.) a member of any such council or Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (9) above who is a director of the public transport company in question shall not be treated as having a pecuniary interest in any contract or proposed contract with, or in any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company by reason only of any interest of his in that company or in a subsidiary of that company.

(13)The provisions of this section shall apply in relation to a director of a subsidiary of a public transport company as they apply in relation to a director of such a company.

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Extent Information

E4This version of this provision extends to England only; a separate version has been created for Wales and Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

F76S. 74(3A)(3B) substituted (E.) (11.7.2001) s. 74(3A) by S.I. 2001/2237, arts. 1, 2, 13(a)

F77S. 74(4) substituted (E.) (11.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2237, arts. 1, 2, 13(b)

F78S. 74(6) substituted (E.) (11.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2237, arts. 1, 2, 13(c)

F79WOrds in s. 74(7) inserted (E.) (11.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2237, arts. 1, 2, 13(d)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

74 Disabilities of directors of public transport companies.W

(1)A director of a public transport company who is paid for acting as such or is an employee of the public transport company or a subsidiary of the public transport company shall be disqualified for being elected or being a member—

(a)of any council who are that company’s controlling authority; or

(b)where that company’s controlling authority are a composite authority, of any of the component councils.

(2)Where a public transport company’s controlling authority are a Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales, a director of that company who is paid for acting as such or is an employee of that company or a subsidiary of that company shall be disqualified for being appointed or being a member of that Passenger Transport Authority.

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this section, if a director of a public transport company is a member of any such council as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above or of any such Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (2) above he shall not at any meeting of that council or Authority—

(a)take part in the consideration or discussion of any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company; or

(b)vote on any question with respect to any such contract, proposed contract or other matter.

[F244(3A)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where a director of a public transport company is a member of the executive of any such council as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above which are operating executive arrangements under Part II of the Local Government Act 2000, he shall not, in the course of the discharge of any function that is the responsibility of the executive, take any action in the consideration, or the making of any decision with respect to any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company.

(3B)Subsection (3) or (3A) above shall not prohibit a person from taking part in the consideration or discussion of, or from voting on any question with respect to, a local transport plan or bus strategy.]

[F245F244(4A)The National Assembly for Wales may grant a written dispensation from subsection (3) or (3A) above in the case of any individual member, except that no such dispensation may be granted in the case of a member of a council’s executive acting alone.]

F245(5)Any such dispensation—

(a)may extend both to the consideration or discussion of any such contract, proposed contract or other matter and to voting with respect to it, or to either alone;

(b)may relate to contracts, proposed contracts or other matters of all descriptions or of any particular description specified in the dispensation; and

(c)may be withdrawn or varied at any time by a notice in writing given by the Secretary of State to the member in question.

[F246“(6A)The National Assembly for Wales may confer exemptions from subsection (3) or (3A) above either generally or in the case of any class or description of members except that no such exemption may be granted in the case of a member of a council’s executive acting alone; and—

(a)subsection (5)(a) and (b) above shall apply in relation to any such exemption as they apply in relation to any dispensation that may be granted under subsection (4) above; and

(b)any such exemption may be withdrawn or varied at any time by the National Assembly for Wales]

F246(7)If any person fails to comply with subsection (3) [F247or (3A)]F247 above he shall for each offence be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale, unless he proves that he did not know that a contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the company concerned was the subject of consideration at the meeting in question.

(8)A prosecution for an offence under this section shall not, in England and Wales, be instituted except by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(9)A council who are a public transport company’s controlling authority or one of the component councils of such an authority, and any Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales who are a public transport company’s controlling authority, may by standing orders provide for the exclusion of a member of that council or authority who is a director of that company from a meeting of that council or Authority while any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company is under consideration.

(10)Subsections (3) and (9) above shall apply as respects members of—

(a)a committee of any such council or Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (9) above; or

(b)a joint committee of two or more local authorities one or more of whom is such a council or Passenger Transport Authority;(including in either case a sub-committee), as they apply in respect of members of that council or Authority, but with the substitution of references to meetings of any such committee for references to meetings of that council or Authority.

(11)In subsection (10)(b) above, “local authority”—

(a)as respects England and Wales, has the same meaning as in the 1972 Act, except that it includes also a metropolitan county passenger transport authority; and

(b)as respects Scotland, has the same meaning as in the M82Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

(12)For the purposes of section 94 of the 1972 Act or section 38 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (disability of members of authorities for voting on account of interest in contracts, etc.) a member of any such council or Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (9) above who is a director of the public transport company in question shall not be treated as having a pecuniary interest in any contract or proposed contract with, or in any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company by reason only of any interest of his in that company or in a subsidiary of that company.

(13)The provisions of this section shall apply in relation to a director of a subsidiary of a public transport company as they apply in relation to a director of such a company.

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Extent Information

E15This version of this provision extends to Wales only; separate versions have been created for Scotland and England

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

74 Disabilities of directors of public transport companies.S

(1)A director of a public transport company who is paid for acting as such or is an employee of the public transport company or a subsidiary of the public transport company shall be disqualified for being elected or being a member—

(a)of any council who are that company’s controlling authority; or

(b)where that company’s controlling authority are a composite authority, of any of the component councils.

(2)Where a public transport company’s controlling authority are a Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales, a director of that company who is paid for acting as such or is an employee of that company or a subsidiary of that company shall be disqualified for being appointed or being a member of that Passenger Transport Authority.

(3)Subject to the following provisions of this section, if a director of a public transport company is a member of any such council as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) above or of any such Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (2) above he shall not at any meeting of that council or Authority—

(a)take part in the consideration or discussion of any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company; or

(b)vote on any question with respect to any such contract, proposed contract or other matter.

(4)The Secretary of State may grant a written dispensation from subsection (3) above in the case of any individual member.

(5)Any such dispensation—

(a)may extend both to the consideration or discussion of any such contract, proposed contract or other matter and to voting with respect to it, or to either alone;

(b)may relate to contracts, proposed contracts or other matters of all descriptions or of any particular description specified in the dispensation; and

(c)may be withdrawn or varied at any time by a notice in writing given by the Secretary of State to the member in question.

(6)The Secretary of State may confer exemptions from subsection (3) above either generally or in the case of any class or description of members; and—

(a)subsection (5)(a) and (b) above shall apply in relation to any such exemption as they apply in relation to any dispensation that may be granted under subsection (4) above; and

(b)any such exemption may be withdrawn or varied at any time by the Secretary of State.

(7)If any person fails to comply with subsection (3) above he shall for each offence be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale, unless he proves that he did not know that a contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the company concerned was the subject of consideration at the meeting in question.

(8)A prosecution for an offence under this section shall not, in England and Wales, be instituted except by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(9)A council who are a public transport company’s controlling authority or one of the component councils of such an authority, and any Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales who are a public transport company’s controlling authority, may by standing orders provide for the exclusion of a member of that council or authority who is a director of that company from a meeting of that council or Authority while any contract or proposed contract with, or any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company is under consideration.

(10)Subsections (3) and (9) above shall apply as respects members of—

(a)a committee of any such council or Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (9) above; or

(b)a joint committee of two or more local authorities one or more of whom is such a council or Passenger Transport Authority;(including in either case a sub-committee), as they apply in respect of members of that council or Authority, but with the substitution of references to meetings of any such committee for references to meetings of that council or Authority.

(11)In subsection (10)(b) above, “local authority”—

(a)as respects England and Wales, has the same meaning as in the 1972 Act, except that it includes also a metropolitan county passenger transport authority; and

(b)as respects Scotland, has the same meaning as in the M82Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

(12)For the purposes of section 94 of the 1972 Act or section 38 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (disability of members of authorities for voting on account of interest in contracts, etc.) a member of any such council or Passenger Transport Authority as is mentioned in subsection (9) above who is a director of the public transport company in question shall not be treated as having a pecuniary interest in any contract or proposed contract with, or in any other matter relating to the activities of, the public transport company or a subsidiary of that company by reason only of any interest of his in that company or in a subsidiary of that company.

(13)The provisions of this section shall apply in relation to a director of a subsidiary of a public transport company as they apply in relation to a director of such a company.

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Extent Information

E16This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; separate versions have been created fror England and Wales

Marginal Citations

75 Powers of investment and disposal in relation to public transport companies.E+W+S

(1)Without prejudice to the powers of a Passenger Transport Executive, a Passenger Transport Authority [F80, a district council or, in Scotland, a council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)]

(a)to subscribe for shares on formation of a company formed by them (whether alone or jointly with any other council) in pursuance of any provision of this Part of this Act; or

(b)to acquire any shares in or other securities of a company so formed by way of consideration for any transfer of property, rights and liabilities to that company required or authorised under any such provision;

any such Authority or council shall have power at any time to subscribe for, take up or acquire (as the case may be) any shares in or other securities of any associated company.

(2)Any such Authority or council shall each have power to provide for the disposal, in such manner as they think fit, of any such shares or other securities.

(3)The exercise of the power under subsection (1) or (2) above requires the consent of the Secretary of State; and a public transport company’s controlling authority may not, without that consent, in exercise of their control over that company permit—

(a)the disposal by that company of the whole of that company’s undertaking;

(b)any disposal by that company of any shares in or other securities of a body corporate which is that company’s subsidiary; or

(c)any disposal by that company of any part of that company’s undertaking, or of any assets of that company (other than shares or securities within paragraph (b) above) which appears to that authority (or, in the case of a composite authority, to both or all of the component councils) to affect materially the structure of the company’s business.

(4)A Passenger Transport Authority [F80, a district council or, in Scotland, a council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] who are a public transport company’s controlling authority or (as the case may be) both or all of the component councils of a composite authority who are a public transport company’s controlling authority, may, in exercising their power under subsection (2) above in relation to the disposal of any shares in or other securities of that company, provide for an employees’ share scheme to be established in respect of that company; and any such scheme may provide for the transfer of shares without consideration.

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Amendments (Textual)

F80Words in s. 75(1)(4) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I para. 7(e)

76 Audit of accounts of public transport companies.E+W

(1)It shall be the duty of any public transport company’s controlling authority to exercise their control over that company so as to ensure that the company appoints only auditors who, in addition to being [F81eligible for such appointment in accordance with Part II of the Companies Act 1989], are approved for appointment as auditors of that company by the Audit Commission for Local Authorities in England and Wales.

(2)Where a public transport company’s controlling authority are a composite authority, the duty imposed by subsection (1) above is a joint duty of both or all of the component councils of that authority.

(3)This section shall not apply to Scotland.

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Amendments (Textual)

F81words in s. 76(1) substituted (1.10.1991) by S.I. 1991/1997, reg. 2, Sch. para.57 (with reg. 4)

77 Local authority financial controls in Scotland.E+W+S

(1)Any liability to meet capital expenses incurred by a public transport company shall be treated for the purposes of section 94 of the M21Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (consent of Secretary of State required for the incurring of liability to meet capital expenses) as a liability to meet capital expenses incurred by that company’s controlling authority.

(2)Subject to the following provisions of this section, it shall be the duty of any public transport company’s controlling authority to exercise their control over that company so as to ensure that the company shall appoint only auditors who, in addition to being [F82eligible for such appointment in accordance with Part II of the Companies Act 1989], are approved for appointment as auditors of the company by the Commission for Local Authority Accounts in Scotland.

(3)Where a public transport company’s controlling authority are a Passenger Transport Executive, the reference in subsection (1) above to the controlling authority shall be read, in relation to that company, as a reference to the Passenger Transport Authority for that Executive’s area.

(4)References in this section to a public transport company include references to any subsidiary of such a company.

(5)This section applies to Scotland only.

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Amendments (Textual)

F82Words in s. 77(2) substituted (1.10.1991) by S.I. 1991/1997, reg. 2, Sch. para.57 (with reg. 4)

Marginal Citations

78 Provision of services for public transport companies.E+W+S

(1)A Passenger Transport Executive and a district council or, in Scotland, [F83council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)]a shall each have power to enter into an agreement with any associated company, or with any subsidiary of an associated company, for the provision by that Executive or council for that company or (as the case may be) for that subsidiary of any administrative, professional or technical services.

(2)Any agreement under this section shall include provision for payment of proper commercial charges in respect of services to be provided under the agreement.

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Amendments (Textual)

F83Words in s. 78(1) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. I para. 7(d)

79 Financial backing for establishment and operations of public transport companies.E+W+S

(1)A Passenger Transport Authority and a district council or, in Scotland, a [F84council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] shall each have power to make loans to any associated company, or to guarantee loans made to any associated company by any other person, for the provision of working capital.

(2)The reference in subsection (1) above to guaranteeing loans is a reference to guaranteeing the repayment of the principal of, the payment of interest on, and the discharge of any other financial obligation in connection with, any such loans.

(3)The exercise of the power under subsection (1) above, otherwise than in pursuance of any provision made by any scheme or order under this Part of this Act in connecdtion with any transfer of property, rights and liabilities to the company in question for which that scheme or order provides, requires the consent of the Secretary of State.

(4)A Passenger Transport Authority and a district council or, in Scotland, a [F84council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] shall each have power to make loans—

(a)to any associated company; or

(b)to any subsidiary of an associated company;

for the purpose of meeting any expenses incurred or to be incurred by that company or subsidiary in connection with the provision or improvement of assets in connection with its business.

(5)Any loan under subsection (4) above must be made on terms, both as to rates of interest and otherwise, no more favourable than the terms on which the authority making the loan would themselves be able to borrow at the time when the loan is made.

(6)A Passenger Transport Authority and a district council or, in Scotland, a [F84council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] shall each have power to give any guarantees and do any other things which appear to that Authority or (as the case may be) to that council to be necessary or expedient for the purpose of or in connection with—

(a)any disposal authorised by section 75(2) of this Act; or

(b)any disposal by any associated company of the whole or any part of that company’s undertaking, or of any property, rights or liabilities of that company.

(7)Where any such disposal requires or (as the case may be) may not be permitted without the consent of the Secretary of State, the power under subsection (6) above may not be exercised in relation to that disposal without the consent of the Secretary of State.

(8)Subject to subsection (9) below, a Passenger Transport Authority and a district council or, in Scotland, a [F84council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] shall each have power, with the consent of the Secretary of State, to provide financial assistance by way of grants, loans or guarantees for any associated company which has incurred losses affecting the viability of its business.

(9)The power under subsection (8) above may only be exercised for the purpose of any plan approved by the Secretary of State for improving the efficiency of the company’s operations and its commercial performance generally so as to enable it to carry on business without further assistance from the Authority or council concerned or from any other council who are a member of the company.

(10)A Passenger Transport Authority and a district council or, in Scotland, a [F84council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] shall each have power, where on the winding up of any associated company the assets of the company are not sufficient to meet the company’s liabilities, to make to the creditors of the company such payments as may be necessary to meet the balance of those liabilities (and may accordingly give to persons dealing or proposing to deal with any such company such guarantees with respect to the exercise of their power under this subsection in relation to that company as they think fit).

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Amendments (Textual)

Miscellaneous and supplementaryE+W+S

80 Duty of Passenger Transport Authority not to inhibit competition.E+W+S

A Passenger Transport Authority, in exercising their functions—

(a)in relation to the formation of companies under section 61 of this Act and the formulation of proposals under that section;

(b)in relation generally to the exercise of rights in relation to any public transport company arising from the holding of any shares in or other securities of that company;

(c)in relation in particular to the exercise of control virtue of any such rights over any disposal by any such company of the whole or any part of that company’s undertaking, or of any property, rights or liabilities of that company; and

(d)in relation to any disposal under section 75(2) of this Act;

shall so conduct themselves as not to inhibit competition between persons providing or seeking to provide public passenger transport services in their area.

81 Provision, maintenance and operation of bus stations.E+W+S

(1)A Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area shall have power—

(a)to provide bus stations and associated facilities at any place in or in the vicinity of their area; and

(b)to maintain, repair and operate bus stations and associated facilities provided under paragraph (a) above or under their former powers.

(2)Where a council who, at the time when section 66 of this Act comes into force, are providing a service for the carriage of passengers by road which requires a PSV operator’s licence, have ceased by virtue of subsection (1) of that section to have power to provide such a service, that council shall have power to maintain, repair and operate bus stations and associated facilities provided by them under their former powers.

[F85(2A)Where, immediately before 1st April 1996, a council (the “former council”) had power, by virtue of subsection (2) above, to maintain, repair and operate a bus station and any associated facilities, that power is, on and after that date, exercisable—

(a)where the bus station and any such associated facilities—

(i)was or were, immediately before 1st April 1996, situated wholly within the area of the former council, and

(ii)is or are, on and after that date, situated wholly within a single Welsh county or county borough,

by the council of that county or county borough; and

(b)in any other case, by such Welsh county council or county borough council as the Secretary of State may by order designate.]

(3)Any charges for the use of accommodation for public service vehicles at any bus station provided by the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area or provided by any other person under any agreement entered into by any such Executive under section 10(1)(xv) of the 1968 Act (contracting-out powers) shall be reasonable.

(4)Subsection (3) above only applies where the charges are made by the Executive in question under section 10(1)(xiii) of that Act or by a person who is operating the bus station under any such agreement otherwise than as agent for the Executive.

(5)Any such council as is mentioned in subsection (2) above shall have power—

(a)to make reasonable charges for the use of accommodation for public service vehicles at any bus station provided under their former powers; and

(b)to make reasonable charges for the use of, or let on hire to any person, any associated facilities provided by them in connection with any bus station so provided.

[F86(5A)Any Welsh county council or county borough council by whom any power is exercisable in relation to a bus station and any associated facilities by virtue of subsection (2A) above shall have power—

(a)to make reasonable charges for the use of accommodation for public service vehicles at that bus station; and

(b)to make reasonable charges for the use of, or let on hire to any person, those facilities (if any).]

(6)If any person who is the holder of a PSV operator’s licence in respect of any vehicles using accommodation for public service vehicles at any such bus station as is mentioned in subsection [F87(3), (5) or (5A)] above considers that charges for the use of that accommodation are unreasonable, that person may apply to the traffic commissioner for the traffic area in which the bus station is situated (or, where it is situated partly in one area and partly in another, to the traffic commissioner for such of those areas as may be agreed between the traffic commissioners concerned or, in default of agreement, determined by the Secretary of State).

(7)On any application under subsection (6) above the traffic commissioner may determine the charges to be made in respect of the applicant’s vehicles for such period and on such terms as he thinks fit.

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Amendments (Textual)

82 Bus stations: restrictions on discriminatory practices, etc.E+W+S

(1)Neither a Passenger Transport Executive nor a local authority shall, in the exercise of any of their powers—

(a)in relation to the provision or operation of bus stations or any associated facilities; or

(b)without prejudice to paragraph (a) above) in relation in particular to the charges to be made for the use of any accommodation at a bus station or of any associated facilities;

act in such a way as to discriminate (whether directly or indirectly) against any holder, or class of holder, of a PSV operator’s licence.

(2)In relation to a local authority, the powers in question under subsection (1) above include in particular (without prejudice to the generality of that subsection) their powers under section 38 of the M22Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 (appointment of parking places provided under section 32 of that Act as stations for public service vehicles and provision of accommodation in connection with places so appointed).

(3)Where under any agreement (other than an agency agreement) entered into by a Passenger Transport Executive under section 10(1)(xv) of the 1968 Act (contracting-out powers) a person is operating a bus station or any associated facilities provided by that Executive or provided by that or any other person under any such agreement, that person shall not—

(a)in relation to the operation of that bus station or (as the case may be) of those facilities; or

(b)(without prejudice to paragraph (a) above) in relation in particular to the charges to be made for the use of any accommodation at that station or (as the case may be) for the use of those facilities;

act in such a way as to discriminate (whether directly or indirectly) against any holder, or class of holder, of a PSV operator’s licence.

(4)The reservation of the whole or any part of the accommodation for public service vehicles at any bus station for such vehicles used in providing local services or (as the case may be) for such vehicles used in providing services other than local services shall not be taken to be discrimination prohibited by subsection (1) or (3) above.

[F88(4A)Nothing done pursuant to a quality partnership scheme under Part II of the Transport Act 2000 by—

(a)a Passenger Transport Executive,

(b)a local authority, or

(c)a person to whom subsection (3) above applies,

shall be taken to be discrimination prohibited by subsection (1) or (3) above.]

[F89(4A)Nothing done pursuant to a quality partnership scheme under Part 2 of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 2) by—

(a)the Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive;

(b)a local authority; or

(c)a person to whom subsection (3) above applies,

shall be taken to be discrimination prohibited by subsection (1) or (3) above.]

(5)Notwithstanding anything in section 8 of the M23Transport Act 1983(obligation to accept tenders for carrying on activities of Executives in certain circumstances) a Passenger Transport Executive may not in exercise of their powers under section 10(1)(xv) of the 1968 Act enter into an agreement (other than an agency agreement) for—

(a)the provision of any bus station or associated facilities the Executive have power under section 81 of this Act to provide; or

(b)the operation of any bus station or associated facilities provided by the Executive under that section or under their former powers or provided by any other person under any agreement entered into by the Executive under section 10(1)(xv);

by a person who is the operator of any public passenger transport services or a person connected with any such operator.

(6)In this section “agency agreement” means, in relation to any agreement under section 10(1)(xv), an agreement with any person for the carrying on of activities by that person as agent for the Executive concerned.

(7)Any such agreement as is mentioned in subsection (5)(b) above entered into after this subsection comes into force shall include provision for ensuring that it will come to an end if the person who under the agreement is to operate the bus station or associated facilities to which it applies becomes the operator of any public passenger transport services or a person connected with any such operator.

(8)On and after the date on which this section comes into force, subsection (5) above shall apply in relation to any such agreement as is there mentioned entered into by the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area before that date as if this section had come into force on 11 July 1985.

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Amendments (Textual)

F88S. 82(4A) inserted (E.W.) (1.8.2001 for W. and 26.10.2001 for E.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 14; S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 11; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

Marginal Citations

83 Provisions supplementary to sections 81 and 82.E+W+S

(1)References in section 81 of this Act to the former powers of any such council as is mentioned in subsection (2) of that section are references to any powers which have ceased to be exercisable by that council by virtue of the application to that council of section 66(1) of this Act; and references in that section and in section 82 of this Act to the former powers of a Passenger Transport Executive are references to any powers which have ceased to be exercisable by that Executive by virtue of any order under section 60(5) of this Act.

(2)For the purposes of section 82 of this Act a person is a person connected with the operator of any public passenger transport services if that person is a member of a group of interconnected bodies corporate any one or more of which is such an operator.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above, any two bodies corporate are to be treated as interconnected if one of them is a body corporate of which the other is a subsidiary or if both of them are subsidiaries of the same body corporate; and in that subsection “group of interconnected bodies corporate” means a group consisting of two or more bodies corporate all of which are interconnected with each other in the sense given above.

(4)In section 82 of this Act “local authority” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, the council of a county, London borough or district or the Common Council of the City of London; and

(b)in relation to Scotland, a F90. . . council.

(5)In sections 81 and 82 of this Act and this section—

(a)bus station” means a parking place which may be used by public service vehicles (including any such parking place which forms part of any interchange facilities for enabling passengers travelling by one means of transport to continue their journey by another); and

(b)associated facilities” means, in relation to a bus station, any amenities or facilities provided for use in connection with that station.

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Amendments (Textual)

F90Words in s. 83(4)(b) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

84 Compensation for loss of employment, etc.E+W+S

(1)Regulations may provide for the payment, by such persons as may be prescribed by or determined under the regulations, in such cases and to such extent as may be so prescribed or determined, of pensions, allowances or gratuities by way of compensation to or in respect of persons who have suffered loss of employment or loss or diminution of emoluments or pension rights by reason of—

(a)the disposal under section 75(2) of this Act of any interests held by a Passenger Transport Authority or district [F91council or, in Scotland, a council (other than the council for Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands or Western Isles)] in a public transport company;

(b)the disposal by any such company of the whole or any part of that company’s undertaking; or

(c)any transfer of property, rights and liabilities under section 59, 61, 68 or 70 of this Act.

(2)Regulations under this section may—

(a)include provision as to the manner in which and the persons to whom any claim for compensation is to be made, and for the determination of all questions arising under the regulations;

(b)make or authorise the Secretary of State to make exceptions and conditions in relation to any classes of persons or any circumstances to which the regulations apply; and

(c)be framed so as to have effect from a date earlier than the making of the regulations;

but regulations having effect from a date earlier than their making shall not place any individual who is qualified to participate in the benefits for which the regulations provide in a worse position than he would have been in if the regulations had been so framed as to have effect only from the date of their making.

(3)Regulations under this section may include all or any of the following provisions, namely—

(a)provision authorising the payment, without probate or, in Scotland, confirmation, and without other proof of title, of any sum due under the regulations in respect of a person who has died to his personal representatives or such other persons as may be prescribed by the regulations;

(b)provision rendering void any assignment or, in Scotland, assignation of or charge on, or any agreement to assign or charge, any benefit under the regulations, and provision that on the bankruptcy of or, in Scotland, sequestration of the estate of, or granting of a trust deed for creditors by, a person entitled to such a benefit no part of it shall pass to any trustee or other person acting on behalf of the creditors except in accordance with an order made by a court in pursuance of any enactment specified in the regulations; and

(c)such incidental, supplementary, consequential and transitional provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient.

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, where regulations under this section have made provision for the payment of pensions, allowances or gratuities as mentioned in subsection (1) above, compensation in respect of any such loss of employment or loss or diminution of emoluments or pension rights as is mentioned in that subsection shall be paid only in accordance with those regulations in any case to which those regulations apply; and accordingly such compensation shall not be paid under any other statutory provision, by virtue of any provision in a contract or otherwise.

(5)Subsection (4) above shall not prevent any person from making any payment to which a person is entitled by virtue of contractual rights acquired by him before such date as the Secretary of State may by order specify.

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Amendments (Textual)

F91Words in s. 84(1)(a) substituted (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(1), Sch.1 Pt. I para. 7(f)

85 Incorporation of Passenger Transport Executives in Authorities for their area.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order make provision for the transfer of all functions, property, rights and liabilities of the Passenger Transport Executive for any passenger transport area specified in the order to the Passenger Transport Authority for that area.

(2)An order under this section may contain such supplementary, incidental and consequential provisions as may appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient.

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (2) above, any such order may, in particular—

(a)provide for enactments relating to the functions of Passenger Transport Executives and Authorities respectively to have effect in relation to the passenger transport area specified in the order with such modifications as may be so specified; and

(b)provide for the dissolution of the Passenger Transport Executive for that area.

(4)The property, rights and liabilities to which an order under this section relates shall, subject to subsection (5) below, be transferred and vest in accordance with the order on such date as may be appointed by the order for that purpose.

(5)Subject to the following provisions of this section, Schedule 4 to the 1968 Act shall apply to any transfer under subsection (4) above; and subsection (4) above shall have effect subject to the provisions of that Schedule.

(6)In Schedule 4 as it applies by virtue of subsection (5) above—

(a)any reference to a transfer by or a vesting by virtue of that Act shall be read as a reference to a transfer by or a vesting by virtue of the order; and

(b)the reference in paragraph 13(5) to the relevant provisions of that Act shall be read as including a reference to the relevant provisions of this Act.

(7)Any order under this section may make modifications in Schedule 4 for the purposes of its application to a transfer effected by that order.

(8)No order shall be made under this section unless a draft of the order has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

86 Amendments consequential on orders under section 85.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order provide for the modifications in the enactments mentioned in section 85(3)(a) of this Act, as those modifications apply for the time being in relation to passenger transport areas to which an order under that section applies, to have general effect on the date on which, by virtue of the cumulative effect of orders under that section, they first have effect in relation to all such areas in Great Britain.

(2)Any order made under this section may contain such supplementary, incidental and consequential provisions (including provisions modifying any enactments contained in this or any other Act) as may appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient in consequence of giving general effect to the modifications mentioned in subsection (1) above.

87 Interpretation of Part IV.E+W+S

In this Part of this Act—

(a)references to the initial company shall be read, in relation to any passenger transport area, in accordance with section 60(1) of this Act;

(b)references to a council operating a bus undertaking shall be read in accordance with section 66(2) of this Act;

(c)references to—

(i)a service for the carriage of passengers by road which requires a PSV operator’s licence;

(ii)the provision of any such service by any council; and

(iii)the bus undertaking of any council operating a bus undertaking;

shall be read in accordance with the relevant provisions of section 66(7) of this Act;

(d)references to a joint undertaking of which any council’s bus undertaking forms part shall be read in accordance with section 67(6) of this Act; and

(e)references to—

(i)a public transport company;

(ii)a public transport company’s controlling authority;

(iii)a composite authority;

(iv)component councils of a composite authority; and

(v)an associated company;

shall be read in accordance with the relevant provisions of section 72 of this Act. [F92and

(f)references to a district council shall be read, in relation to Wales, as references to a county council or county borough council, and references to a district shall be so read as references to a county or, as the case may be, county borough.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F92S. 87(f) and word

and

immediately preceding added (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 22(1), Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 39(8) (with ss. 54(5)(7), 55(5), Sch. 17 para. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1996/396, art. 3, Sch. 1

Part VE+W+S Financial Provisions

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C36Part V (except ss. 110, 111): Transfer of functions (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 2, Sch. 1

Expenditure on public passenger transport servicesE+W+S

88 Expenditure on public passenger transport services.E+W

(1)Any power conferred on any authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services to enter into agreements providing for service subsidies (however framed, and whether arising under this Act or under any other enactment) shall be subject to sections 89 to 92 of this Act.

(2)It shall be the duty—

(a)of all such authorities, in exercising and performing their functions with respect to securing the provision of public passenger transport services; and

(b)of all authorities who are—

(i)local education authorities in England and Wales or education authorities in Scotland; or

(ii)local authorities exercising, in England and Wales, social services functions or, in Scotland, social work functions;

in relation to any expenditure on transport for the purposes of or in connection with the exercise and performance of their functions as local education authorities or education authorities or (as the case may be) of their social services or social work functions;

to co-operate with one another so as to secure, in the interests of the ratepayers of their areas, the best value for money from their expenditure on public passenger transport, taken as a whole.

(3)In subsection (2)(b)(ii) above “local authority” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, an authority who are a local authority for the purposes of the M24Local Authority Social Services Act 1970; and

(b)in relation to Scotland, an authority who are a local authority for the purposes of the M25Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968.

(4)It shall be the duty of all authorities mentioned in subsection (2) above to afford to one another such information as may be reasonably required for the purpose of the co-operation required of them under that subsection.

(5)Where, as a result of any such co-operation, any such authority—

(a)incur expenditure which they would not otherwise have incurred; or

(b)receive less revenue than they would otherwise have done;

that authority may, by notice to the other authority or authorities concerned, require that other authority or (as the case may be) those other authorities to reimburse the amount of that expenditure or of that reduction in revenue.

(6)If—

(a)any amount in respect of which, in accordance with a notice under subsection (5) above, any such authority or authorities are required to reimburse another such authority; or

(b)where two or more such authorities are required by any such notice to reimburse another such authority, the share of that amount payable by each authority concerned;

is not determined by agreement between both or all the authorities concerned within six months of the receipt of the notice or such longer period as may be agreed between them, that amount and (where paragraph (b) above applies) the share payable by each authority concerned shall be determined by an arbitrator or, in Scotland, by an arbiter.

(7)Any such arbitrator or (as the case may be) arbiter shall be appointed either by agreement between the authorities concerned or, in default of such agreement, by the President of the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy.

(8)References in this Part of this Act to authorities responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services are references to—

(a)Passenger Transport Executives;

(b)non-metropolitan county and district councils in England and Wales; and

(c)F93. . . councils in Scotland;

and in sections 89 to 92 of this Act include references to [F94Transport for London in relation to any exercise of its power under section 156(2) or (3) (general powers) of the Greater London Authority Act 1999]F94 which by virtue of section 65(3) of this Act is subject to those sections.

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Extent Information

E5This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only. A separate version has been created for Scotland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F93Words in s. 88(8)(c) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37S. 88(1) excluded (E.W.) (26.10.2001 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 124(6), 275; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

S. 88(1) excluded (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 13(9) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. I

Marginal Citations

88 Expenditure on public passenger transport services.S

(1)Any power conferred on any authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services to enter into agreements providing for service subsidies (however framed, and whether arising under this Act or under any other enactment) shall be subject to [F248section]F248 92 of this Act.

(2)It shall be the duty—

(a)of all such authorities, in exercising and performing their functions with respect to securing the provision of public passenger transport services; and

(b)of all authorities who are—

(i)local education authorities in England and Wales or education authorities in Scotland; or

(ii)local authorities exercising, in England and Wales, social services functions or, in Scotland, social work functions;

in relation to any expenditure on transport for the purposes of or in connection with the exercise and performance of their functions as local education authorities or education authorities or (as the case may be) of their social services or social work functions;

to co-operate with one another so as to secure, in the interests of the ratepayers of their areas, the best value for money from their expenditure on public passenger transport, taken as a whole.

(3)In subsection (2)(b)(ii) above “local authority” means—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, an authority who are a local authority for the purposes of the M24Local Authority Social Services Act 1970; and

(b)in relation to Scotland, an authority who are a local authority for the purposes of the M25Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968.

(4)It shall be the duty of all authorities mentioned in subsection (2) above to afford to one another such information as may be reasonably required for the purpose of the co-operation required of them under that subsection.

(5)Where, as a result of any such co-operation, any such authority—

(a)incur expenditure which they would not otherwise have incurred; or

(b)receive less revenue than they would otherwise have done;

that authority may, by notice to the other authority or authorities concerned, require that other authority or (as the case may be) those other authorities to reimburse the amount of that expenditure or of that reduction in revenue.

(6)If—

(a)any amount in respect of which, in accordance with a notice under subsection (5) above, any such authority or authorities are required to reimburse another such authority; or

(b)where two or more such authorities are required by any such notice to reimburse another such authority, the share of that amount payable by each authority concerned;

is not determined by agreement between both or all the authorities concerned within six months of the receipt of the notice or such longer period as may be agreed between them, that amount and (where paragraph (b) above applies) the share payable by each authority concerned shall be determined by an arbitrator or, in Scotland, by an arbiter.

(7)Any such arbitrator or (as the case may be) arbiter shall be appointed either by agreement between the authorities concerned or, in default of such agreement, by the President of the Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy.

(8)References in this Part of this Act to authorities responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services are references to—

(a)Passenger Transport Executives;

(b)non-metropolitan county and district councils in England and Wales; and

(c)F93. . . councils in Scotland;

and in sections 89 to 92 of this Act include references to [F94Transport for London in relation to any exercise of its power under section 156(2) or (3) (general powers) of the Greater London Authority Act 1999]F94 which by virtue of section 65(3) of this Act is subject to those sections.

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Extent Information

E17This version of this provision extends to Scotland only. A separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F93Words in s. 88(8)(c) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

F248Words in s. 88(1) substituted (S.) (1.4.2003) by Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1), ss. 60(3)(b), 62(2); S.S.I. 2003/134, art. 2(1), Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37S. 88(1) excluded (E.W.) (26.10.2001 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 124(6), 275; S.I. 2001/3342, art. 2, Sch.

S. 88(1) excluded (S.) (1.7.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 13(9) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. I

Marginal Citations

89 Obligation to invite tenders for subsidised services.E+W

[F95(1)Subject to sections 90 and 91 of this Act, an authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services may not enter into an agreement providing for service subsidies under which a local service is to be provided except by accepting a tender invited in pursuance of this section.

(2)Where any such authority propose to secure the provision of any local service by entering into any such agreement, the authority shall invite tenders for the provision of that service for such period and on such basis as may be specified in the invitation to tender.

(3)F96. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Subject to subsection (5) below, any such invitation—

(a)must be issued generally, in such manner as the authority issuing the invitation consider appropriate for bringing it to the attention of persons who may be interested; and

(b)must also be issued individually to all persons who have given to that authority a written notice indicating that they wish to receive invitations to tender for the provision of local services for that authority’s area or (as the case may be) for the provision of such services of any description to which the invitation relates.

(5)Any such notice shall specify the address to which any such invitation is to be directed, and it shall be sufficient for the purposes of subsection (4)(b) above if the authority send the invitation to the person giving any such notice at the address so specified.

(6)An authority issuing an invitation to tender under this section shall not accept any tender submitted by a person who is not the holder of either—

(a)a PSV operator’s licence, not being—

F97(i). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(ii)a licence to which any condition is attached under section 26 of this Act prohibiting the holder from using vehicles under the licence to provide local services of all descriptions or (as the case may be) of any description to which the invitation relates; or

(b)a permit under section 22 of this Act.

[F98(7)An authority issuing an invitation to tender under this section shall, in determining whether to accept a tender submitted in response to the invitation or which (if any) of several such tenders to accept, have regard in particular to—

(a)a combination of economy, efficiency and effectiveness;

(b)the implementation of the policies set out in the appropriate bus strategy; and

(c)the reduction or limitation of traffic congestion, noise or air pollution.

F98(8)In subsection (7)(b) above “the appropriate bus strategy” means—

(a)in the case of a local transport authority (within the meaning of section 108(4) of the Transport Act 2000), their bus strategy;

(b)in the case of a district council which is not such an authority, the bus strategy of the council for the county in which the district is situated; and

(c)in the case of a Passenger Transport Executive for a passenger transport area, the bus strategy made jointly by the Passenger Transport Authority for the area and the councils for the metropolitan districts comprised in the area.]]

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Amendments (Textual)

F95S. 89 repealed (S.) (1.4.2003) by Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1), ss. 60(3)(c), 62(2); S.S.I. 2003/134, art. 2(1), Sch.

F96S. 89(3) repealed (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II; S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (with saving in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2002/2024,{art. 2(b)}

F97S. 89(6)(a)(i) repealed (8.11.1995) by 1995 c. 44, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. V Group 2

F98S. 89(7)(8) substituted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 152(2); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (with saving in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 7

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C39S. 89(1) excluded (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1, Sch. s. 51(2) of Order

S. 89(1) excluded (24.7.2002) by S.I. 2001/3627, art. 50

C40S. 89(1) restricted (W.) (1.4.2002) by S.I. 1985/1921, reg. 3 (as substituted by The Service Subsidy Agreements (Tendering) (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/520, reg. 2)

C42S. 89(1) restricted (13.12.2006) by The Luton Dunstable Translink Order 2006; S.I. 2006/3118, art. 35

90 Provisions supplementary to section 89.E+W

[F99(1)The period specified in any invitation to tender issued under section 89 of this Act as the period for which a service to which the invitation relates is to be provided shall not exceed five years beginning with the date on which any agreement entered into by accepting a tender submitted in response to the invitation is concluded.

(2)Such information as may be prescribed with respect to any tenders submitted in response to any such invitation to tender shall be published by the authority issuing the invitation in such manner as may be prescribed.

(3)On entering into an agreement by accepting any such tender that authority shall publish in such manner as may be prescribed their reasons for considering that the payment of service subsidies to secure the service in question in accordance with the terms of that tender [F100accords with section 89(7) of this Act.]

(4)Regulations may provide for treating a specification of terms of service, in such form as may be prescribed—

(a)prepared, with reference to any invitation to tender issued under section 89 of this Act by any authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services, by the authority issuing the invitation with respect to the provision of that service by a company to be formed in pursuance of any requirement under Part IV of this Act to carry on any business which includes any current activities of that authority; and

(b)ratified by that company after its formation within such period and in such manner as may be prescribed;

as if it were a tender submitted in response to that invitation by that company within any period allowed for the submission of tenders in accordance with that invitation.

(5)The reference in subsection (4)(a) above to any current activities of an authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services is a reference to any activities which at the time when the specification of terms of service is prepared are currently carried on by or on behalf of that authority, or by any body of which that authority is a member or to which it appoints any members.F99]

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Amendments (Textual)

F99S. 90 repealed (S.) (1.4.2003) by Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1), ss. 60(3)(c), 62(2); S.S.I. 2003/134, art. 2(1), Sch.

F100Words in s. 90(3) substituted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 152(3); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (with saving in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 7

91 Exceptions from section 89.E+W+S

[F101(1)Regulations may provide for excluding from section 89(1) of this Act agreements of any description specified in the regulations; and any such description may be framed by reference to—

(a)the description of service to which the agreement relates;

(b)the description of persons proposing to operate the service;

(c)the period for which the service is to be provided under the agreement;

(d)the aggregate amount of the service subsidies provided for under the agreement; or

(e)any other relevant circumstances.

(2)Section 89(1) of this Act shall not apply in any case where it appears to an authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services that action is urgently required for the purpose of—

(a)maintaining an existing service;

(b)securing the provision of a service in place of a service which has ceased to operate; or

(c)securing the provision of a service to meet any public transport requirement which has arisen unexpectedly and ought in the opinion of the authority to be met without delay;

and that it is necessary for that purpose to enter into an agreement providing for service subsidies in order to secure that service.

(3)Where by virtue of subsection (2) above any such authority enter into an agreement to which section 89(1) of this Act does not apply, the authority shall as soon as possible invite tenders for the provision of the service which is the subject of that agreement for such period and on such basis as may be specified in the invitation to tender; and sections 89(3) to (8) and 90 of this Act shall apply in any such case as if the invitation had been issued under section 89(2).

(4)Any agreement entered into by virtue of subsection (2) above shall be made so as to remain in force no later than the end of the period of three months beginning with the day immediately following the end of the period allowed for the submission of tenders in accordance with the invitation to tender issued under section (3) above.

(5)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where—

(a)an invitation to tender for the provision of any service is issued under section 89(2) of this Act or subsection (3) above; and

(b)no tender, or no tender which the authority issuing the invitation consider acceptable, is submitted in response to that invitation;

any power of that authority to enter into an agreement providing for service subsidies in order to secure that service shall cease to be subject to section 89(1) of this Act.

(6)Any agreement which by virtue of subsection (5) above is entered into by an authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services otherwise than by acceptance of a tender invited in pursuance of section 89 or subsection (3) above shall be made so as to remain in force no later than the end of the period specified in pursuance of section 90(1) of this Act in the invitation to tender mentioned in subsection (5)(a) above.

(7)On entering into any such agreement an authority shall publish in such manner as may be prescribed either—

(a)a statement that no tender was submitted in response to that invitation to tender; or

(b)a statement of their reasons for considering that no tender so submitted was acceptable;

as the case may require.F101]

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Amendments (Textual)

F101S. 91 repealed (S.) (1.4.2003) by Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1), ss. 60(3)(c), 62(2); S.S.I. 2003/134, art. 2(1), Sch.

92 General provisions with respect to the exercise of service subsidy functions.E+W

(1)An authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services shall, in the exercise and performance of their functions in relation to agreements providing for service subsidies, [F102have regard to the interests of the public and of persons providing public passenger transport services in their area.]

(2)Regulations under this section—

(a)may make further provision for regulating the exercise and performance by authorities responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services of their functions in relation to agreements providing for service subsidies; and

(b)may make provision for limiting to an amount specified in the regulations the aggregate amount of the service subsidies any such authority may agree to pay under any one such agreement; and

(c)may make provision for exceptions from section 89(4) of this Act in such cases as may be prescribed.

(3)The provisions of sections 89 to 91 of this Act shall be subject to this section and any provision made by regulations under this section.

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Extent Information

E6This version of this provision extends to England and Wales; a separate version has been created for Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

F102Words in s. 92(1) substituted (E.W.) (1.2.2001 for E. and 1.8.2001 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 152(4); S.I. 2001/57, art. 3(2), Sch. 3 Pt. I (with saving in Sch. 3 Pt. II (as amended by S.I. 2001/115, art. 3)); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 2, Sch. 1 para. 7

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

92 General provisions with respect to the exercise of service subsidy functions.S

(1)An authority responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services shall, in the exercise and performance of their functions in relation to agreements providing for service subsidies, [F249have regard to the interests of the public and of persons providing] public passenger transport services in their area.

(2)Regulations under this section—

(a)may make further provision for regulating the exercise and performance by authorities responsible for expenditure on public passenger transport services of their functions in relation to agreements providing for service subsidies; and

(b)may make provision for limiting to an amount specified in the regulations the aggregate amount of the service subsidies any such authority may agree to pay under any one such agreement; and

(c)may make provision for exceptions from section 89(4) of this Act in such cases as may be prescribed.

(3)The provisions of sections 89 to 91 of this Act shall be subject to this section and any provision made by regulations under this section.

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Extent Information

E18This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version of this provision has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F249Words in s. 92(1) substituted (S.) (1.4.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 36(4) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. I

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Travel concession schemesE+W+S

93 Travel concession schemes.E+W

(1)Any local authority, or any two or more local authorities acting jointly, may establish a travel concession scheme for the provision of travel concessions on journeys on public passenger transport services—

(a)between places in the principal area covered by the scheme;

(b)between such places and places outside but in the vicinity of that area; or

(c)between places outside but in the vicinity of that area;

by operators of such services participating in the scheme.

(2)For the purposes of this section, the principal area covered by a scheme under this section is—

(a)the area of the local authority concerned or, where two or more such authorities are concerned, the area comprising the areas of both or all those authorities; or

(b)if an area comprised within the area which would be the principal area under paragraph (a) above is specified in the scheme as being the principal area to which the scheme applies, the area so specified.

(3)Any travel concession scheme established under this section shall define—

(a)the travel concessions which are for the time being to be provided by operators participating in the scheme;

(b)the description of persons eligible in accordance with subsection (7) below to receive travel concessions under any such scheme who are for the time being to qualify for travel concessions provided under the scheme; and

(c)the dates in any year currently adopted as the dates on which operators may be admitted to participate in the scheme under section 96 of this Act (referred to below in this section as the standard admission dates);

and may include particulars of any other arrangements for the time being adopted by the authority or authorities concerned in establishing the scheme with respect to the operation, scope and application of the scheme.

(4)Any such scheme may define the standard admission dates by specifying particular dates, or by referring to dates of any specified description or separated by intervals of any specified length; but those dates, however determined, must not be separated by intervals of a length exceeding such period as may be prescribed.

(5)Arrangements adopted by the authority or authorities concerned in establishing any such scheme with respect to the operation, scope and application of the scheme (including the matters specifically mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (3) above) may differ for different descriptions of concessions or services to which the scheme applies.

(6)Subject to section 94 of this Act, where an operator participating in any such scheme in respect of any services operated by him provides travel concessions in accordance with the scheme for persons travelling on those services, the authority responsible for administration of the scheme or (as the case may be) the authorities so responsible in such proportions respectively as they may agree among themselves shall reimburse that operator for providing those concessions.

(7)The persons eligible to receive travel concessions under any such scheme are—

[F103(a)persons who have attained the age of sixty years;]

F103(b)persons whose age does not exceed sixteen years;

(c)persons whose age exceeds sixteen years but does not exceed eighteen years and who are undergoing full-time education;

[F104(d)persons who are blind;

(e)persons who are partially sighted;

(ea)persons who are deaf;

(eb)persons who are without speech;

(ec)persons who have a disability, or have suffered an injury, which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to walk;

(ed)persons who do not have arms or have long-term loss of the use of both arms;

(ee)persons who have a learning disability, that is, a state of arrested or incomplete development of mind which includes significant impairment of intelligence and social functioning;

(ef)persons who, if they applied for the grant of a licence to drive a motor vehicle under Part III of the M26Road Traffic Act 1988, would have their applications refused pursuant to section 92 of that Act (physical fitness) otherwise than on the ground of persistent misuse of drugs or alcohol;

(eg)any person travelling as the companion of a person who—

(i)is eligible to receive travel concessions by virtue of any other paragraph of this subsection; and

(ii)requires the assistance of a companion in order to travel on journeys on public passenger transport services;]

(f)such other classes of persons as the Secretary of State may by order specify.

(8)In this section “local authority”—

(a)means the council of a county or district in England and Wales or a regional or islands council in Scotland; and

(b)includes also, in relation to England and Wales, a metropolitan county passenger transport authority.

(9)Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this section and in the provisions of this Part of this Act relating to schemes under this section to the authority or authorities responsible for administration of a scheme under this section are references—

(a)except in a case to which paragraph (b) below applies, to the authority concerned in establishing the scheme or, where two or more authorities are so concerned, to both or all those authorities acting jointly; or

(b)in relation to England and Wales, a metropolitan county passenger transport authority where the authority or one of the authorities concerned in establishing the scheme are a Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales, to the Passenger Transport Executive for that Authority’s area or (as the case may require) to that Executive and the other authority or authorities so concerned acting jointly; or

(10)Where a Passenger Transport Authority have established a scheme under this section, whether alone or jointly with any other authority or authorities, they shall notify the Passenger Transport Executive for their area of any proposal to vary the scheme, giving particulars of the proposed variation.

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Extent Information

E7This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only

Amendments (Textual)

F104S. 93(7)(d)-(eg) substituted (E.W.) (1.6.2001 for E. and 1.4.2002 for W.) for s. 93(7)(d)(e) by 2000 c. 38, ss. 161, 275, Sch. 11 para. 15; S.I. 2000/3229, art. 2, Sch. Pt. IV (with arts. 3, 4); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 3, Sch. 2 para. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

93 Travel concession schemes.S

(1)Any local authority, or any two or more local authorities acting jointly, may establish a travel concession scheme for the provision of travel concessions on journeys on public passenger transport services—

(a)between places in the principal area covered by the scheme;

(b)between such places and places outside but in the vicinity of that area; or

(c)between places outside but in the vicinity of that area;

by operators of such services participating in the scheme.

(2)For the purposes of this section, the principal area covered by a scheme under this section is—

(a)the area of the local authority concerned or, where two or more such authorities are concerned, the area comprising the areas of both or all those authorities; or

(b)if an area comprised within the area which would be the principal area under paragraph (a) above is specified in the scheme as being the principal area to which the scheme applies, the area so specified.

(3)Any travel concession scheme established under this section shall define—

(a)the travel concessions which are for the time being to be provided by operators participating in the scheme;

(b)the description of persons eligible in accordance with subsection (7) below to receive travel concessions under any such scheme who are for the time being to qualify for travel concessions provided under the scheme; and

(c)the dates in any year currently adopted as the dates on which operators may be admitted to participate in the scheme under section 96 of this Act (referred to below in this section as the standard admission dates);

and may include particulars of any other arrangements for the time being adopted by the authority or authorities concerned in establishing the scheme with respect to the operation, scope and application of the scheme.

(4)Any such scheme may define the standard admission dates by specifying particular dates, or by referring to dates of any specified description or separated by intervals of any specified length; but those dates, however determined, must not be separated by intervals of a length exceeding such period as may be prescribed.

(5)Arrangements adopted by the authority or authorities concerned in establishing any such scheme with respect to the operation, scope and application of the scheme (including the matters specifically mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (3) above) may differ for different descriptions of concessions or services to which the scheme applies.

(6)Subject to section 94 of this Act, where an operator participating in any such scheme in respect of any services operated by him provides travel concessions in accordance with the scheme for persons travelling on those services, the authority responsible for administration of the scheme or (as the case may be) the authorities so responsible in such proportions respectively as they may agree among themselves shall reimburse that operator for providing those concessions.

(7)The persons eligible to receive travel concessions under any such scheme are—

[F250(a)persons who have attained the age of 60 years;]

F250(b)persons whose age does not exceed sixteen years;

(c)persons whose age exceeds sixteen years but does not exceed eighteen years and who are undergoing full-time education;

(d)blind persons, that is to say, persons so blind as to be unable to perform any work for which sight is essential;

(e)persons suffering from any disability or injury which, in the opinion of the authority or any of the authorities responsible for administration of the scheme, seriously impairs their ability to walk; and

(f)such other classes of persons as the Secretary of State may by order specify.

(8)In this section “local authority”—

(a)means the council of a county or district in England and Wales or a [F251regional or islands] council in Scotland; and

(b)includes also [F252

(i)]in relation to England and Wales, a metropolitan county passenger transport authority [F253; and

(ii)in relation to Scotland, Strathclyde Passenger Transport Authority]

(9)Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this section and in the provisions of this Part of this Act relating to schemes under this section to the authority or authorities responsible for administration of a scheme under this section are references—

(a)except in a case to which paragraph (b) [F254or (c)] below applies, to the authority concerned in establishing the scheme or, where two or more authorities are so concerned, to both or all those authorities acting jointly; or

(b)in relation to England and Wales, a metropolitan county passenger transport authority where the authority or one of the authorities concerned in establishing the scheme are a Passenger Transport Authority for a passenger transport area in England and Wales, to the Passenger Transport Executive for that Authority’s area or (as the case may require) to that Executive and the other authority or authorities so concerned acting jointly [F255; or

(c)where the authority or one of the authorities concerned in establishing the scheme are Strathclyde Passenger Transport Authority, to Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive or (as the case may require) to that Executive and the other authority or authorities so concerned acting jointly.]

(10)Where a Passenger Transport Authority have established a scheme under this section, whether alone or jointly with any other authority or authorities, they shall notify the Passenger Transport Executive for their area of any proposal to vary the scheme, giving particulars of the proposed variation.

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Extent Information

E19This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version extends to England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F250S. 93(7)(a) substituted (S.) (1.4.2003) by Local Government in Scotland Act 2003 (asp 1), ss. 44(1), 62(2); S.S.I. 2003/134, art. 2(1), Sch.

F251Words in s. 93(8)(a) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1996/974, art. 2(2), Sch. 2

F252Words in s. 93(8)(b) renumbered as s. 93(8)(b)(i) (S.) (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 39, s. 180(1), Sch. 13 para. 141(a)(i); S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(b)(c)

F255S. 93(9)(c) and word immediately preceding inserted (S.) (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 180(1), Sch. 13 para. 141(b)(ii); S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(b)(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C99Ss. 93-100: functions transferred (S.) (1.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the Shetland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/527), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

S. 93: functions transferred (S.) (7.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the South-West of Scotland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/538), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

Ss. 93-101 applied (S.) (27.4.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Act 2006 (asp 6), s. 54(1) (with s. 75)

Ss. 93-101 applied (S.) (8.5.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Act 2006 (asp 7), s. 54(1) (with s. 76, 84)

Ss. 93-102 applied (13.12.2006) by The Luton Dunstable Translink Order 2006; S.I. 2006/3118, art. 36

94 Administration of schemes: reimbursement, etc.E+W

(1)Regulations under this section may make provision with respect to any of the following matters—

(a)the factors to be taken into account by the authority or authorities responsible for administration of a travel concession scheme under section 93 of this Act in determining the aggregate amount that may be made available for the purpose of reimbursing operators participating in the scheme for providing travel concessions during any period;

(b)the determination by the authority or authorities so responsible of the amounts to be paid to individual operators participating in the scheme, or to any class of such operators, by way of reimbursement for providing such concessions;

(c)the manner of making any payments due to operators by way of such reimbursement;

(d)the provisions or descriptions of provisions that are to be or (as the case may be) may or may not be included in arrangements agreed with operators or adopted by the authority or authorities so responsible with respect to participation of operators in the scheme; and

(e)the terms on which and the extent to which the authority or authorities so responsible may employ any person as their agent for the purposes of the administration of the scheme and the descriptions of persons who may be so employed.

(2)Subject to any provision of regulations made by virtue of subsection (1)(d) above and to the following provisions of this section, the arrangements with respect to participation of operators in any such scheme shall be such as may from time to time be agreed between the authority or authorities responsible for administration of the scheme and individual operators.

(3)Subject to—

(a)any provision of regulations under subsection (1) above;

(b)any modifications that may by virtue of any provision of regulations made by virtue of paragraph (d) of that subsection or in accordance with section 96 of this Act be agreed between the authority or authorities responsible for administration of any such scheme and any individual operator; and

(c)any modifications applied in the case of any individual operator by a direction given under section 98 of this Act;

the arrangements with respect to reimbursement and terms of withdrawal from participation in the scheme applicable to operators of eligible services participating in the scheme shall be such as the authority or authorities responsible for administration may from time to time adopt and must be the same in the case of all such operators.

(4)For the purposes of the provisions of this Part of this Act relating to schemes under section 93 of this Act, [F105eligible service” means—

(a)F106. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)F107... a service using public service vehicles of a class specified in an order made by the Secretary of State (as respects England) or the National Assembly for Wales (as respects Wales).]

(5)The arrangements currently adopted by the authority or authorities responsible for administration of any such scheme with respect to reimbursement of operators of eligible services participating in the scheme are referred to below in this Part of this Act, in relation to that scheme, as the current reimbursement arrangements for eligible service operators participating in the scheme.

(6)In relation to operators participating in any such scheme, references in this section to arrangements with respect to reimbursement are references to conditions of entitlement of such operators to, and the method of determination and manner of payment of, reimbursement in respect of travel concessions provided under the scheme.

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Extent Information

E8This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F105Words in s. 94(4) substituted (E.W.) (1.6.2001 for E. and 1.4.2002 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 161, Sch. 11 para. 16; S.I. 2000/3229, art. 2, Sch. Pt. IV (with arts. 3, 4); S.I. 2001/2788, art. 3, Sch. 2 para. 2

F106S. 94(4)(a) repealed (E.W.) (1.5.2002 for E and 14.8.2002 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II; S.I. 2002/1014, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 Pt. 1; S.I. 2002/2024, art. 2(b)

F107Words in s. 94(4)(b) repealed (E.W.) (1.5.2002 for E. and 14.8.2002 for W.) by 2000 c. 38, s. 274, Sch. 31 Pt. II ; S.I.2002/1014, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. 1; S.I. 2002/2024, art. 2(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C49S. 94(4) excluded (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1 Sch. s. 52 of Order

94 Administration of schemes: reimbursement, etc.S

(1)Regulations under this section may make provision with respect to any of the following matters—

(a)the factors to be taken into account by the authority or authorities responsible for administration of a travel concession scheme under section 93 of this Act in determining the aggregate amount that may be made available for the purpose of reimbursing operators participating in the scheme for providing travel concessions during any period;

(b)the determination by the authority or authorities so responsible of the amounts to be paid to individual operators participating in the scheme, or to any class of such operators, by way of reimbursement for providing such concessions;

(c)the manner of making any payments due to operators by way of such reimbursement;

(d)the provisions or descriptions of provisions that are to be or (as the case may be) may or may not be included in arrangements agreed with operators or adopted by the authority or authorities so responsible with respect to participation of operators in the scheme; and

(e)the terms on which and the extent to which the authority or authorities so responsible may employ any person as their agent for the purposes of the administration of the scheme and the descriptions of persons who may be so employed.

(2)Subject to any provision of regulations made by virtue of subsection (1)(d) above and to the following provisions of this section, the arrangements with respect to participation of operators in any such scheme shall be such as may from time to time be agreed between the authority or authorities responsible for administration of the scheme and individual operators.

(3)Subject to—

(a)any provision of regulations under subsection (1) above;

(b)any modifications that may by virtue of any provision of regulations made by virtue of paragraph (d) of that subsection or in accordance with section 96 of this Act be agreed between the authority or authorities responsible for administration of any such scheme and any individual operator; and

(c)any modifications applied in the case of any individual operator by a direction given under section 98 of this Act;

the arrangements with respect to reimbursement and terms of withdrawal from participation in the scheme applicable to operators of eligible services participating in the scheme shall be such as the authority or authorities responsible for administration may from time to time adopt and must be the same in the case of all such operators.

(4)For the purposes of the provisions of this Part of this Act relating to schemes under section 93 of this Act,

[F256eligible service” means—

(a)

until the repeal of section 92 of the Finance Act 1965 (grants towards duty charged on bus fuel) is effected by the coming into force of section 38(6) of the Transport (Scotland) Act 2001 (asp 2), a service qualifying for fuel duty grant; and

(b)

on and after the repeal of that section, a service using public service vehicles of a class specified in an order made by the Scottish Ministers.]

(5)The arrangements currently adopted by the authority or authorities responsible for administration of any such scheme with respect to reimbursement of operators of eligible services participating in the scheme are referred to below in this Part of this Act, in relation to that scheme, as the current reimbursement arrangements for eligible service operators participating in the scheme.

(6)In relation to operators participating in any such scheme, references in this section to arrangements with respect to reimbursement are references to conditions of entitlement of such operators to, and the method of determination and manner of payment of, reimbursement in respect of travel concessions provided under the scheme.

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Extent Information

E20This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Amendments (Textual)

F256Words in s. 94(4) substituted (S.) (1.4.2001) by 2001 asp 2, s. 83, Sch. 2 para. 4(5) (with s. 66); S.S.I. 2001/132, art. 2(2), Sch. Pt. I

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C101Ss. 93-100: functions transferred (S.) (1.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the Shetland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/527), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

S. 94: functions transferred (S.) (7.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the South-West of Scotland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/538), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

Ss. 93-101 applied (S.) (27.4.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Act 2006 (asp 6), s. 54(1) (with s. 75)

Ss. 93-101 applied (S.) (8.5.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Act 2006 (asp 7), s. 54(1) (with s. 76, 84)

Ss. 93-102 applied (13.12.2006) by The Luton Dunstable Translink Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3118), art. 36

C103S. 94(4) excluded (28.7.1998) by 1998 c. iii, s. 1 Sch. s. 52 of Order

95 Publicity requirements for schemes and reimbursement arrangements.E+W+S

(1)On or before the date on which a scheme under section 93 of this Act comes into operation or, where it comes into operation on different dates with respect to different concessions to be provided under the scheme, on or before the first of those dates—

(a)the authority or authorities concerned in establishing it shall publish particulars of the scheme; and

(b)the authority or authorities responsible for administration of the scheme shall publish particulars of the current reimbursement arrangements for eligible service operators participating in the scheme as they are to apply on initial establishment of the scheme;

in such manner, in either case, as the authority or authorities concerned think fit.

(2)Particulars of any subsequent variations shall be published—

(a)in the case of variations of the scheme, by the authority or authorities concerned in establishing the scheme; and

(b)in the case of variations of the arrangements, by the authority or authorities responsible for administration of the scheme.

(3)Following publication under subsection (1)(a) or (as the case may be) under subsection (1)(b) above of particulars of any scheme or arrangements—

(a)copies of the scheme or (as the case may be) of the arrangements (with any subsequent variations) shall be made available at the principal office of the authority or (as the case may be) of each authority concerned; and

(b)a copy shall be supplied to any person on request (whether at that office or by post) either free of charge or at a charge representing the cost of providing the copy.

(4)Where the authority or any of the authorities concerned in establishing a scheme under section 93 of this Act are a Passenger Transport Authority, they shall notify the Passenger Transport Executive for their area of any proposal to publish particulars of the scheme in advance of its coming into operation, giving the proposed date of publication.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C51Ss. 93-100: functions transferred (S.) (1.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the Shetland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/527), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

Ss. 93-100: functions transferred (S.) (7.11.2006) by The Transfer of Functions to the South-West of Scotland Transport Partnership Order 2006 (S.S.I. 2006/538), art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 5)

Ss. 93-101 applied (S.) (27.4.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line Two) Act 2006 (asp 6), s. 54(1) (with s. 75)

Ss. 93-101 applied (S.) (8.5.2006) by Edinburgh Tram (Line One) Act 2006 (asp 7), s. 54(1) (with s. 76, 84)

96 Right of eligible service operators to participate in travel concession schemes.E+W+S

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, where any operator or prospective operator of an eligible service which runs or will run between places within the limits covered by any scheme under section 93 of this Act applies to the authority or authorities responsible for administration of that scheme to be admitted to participate in it in respect of that service, the authority or authorities in question shall be obliged to admit that operator to participation in the scheme in respect of that service as from any standard admission date under the scheme not later than the one next following—

(a)the end of such period as may be prescribed beginning with the date of his application; or

(b)the date on which the service begins;

whichever last occurs.

(2)The Secretary of State may, on the application of the authority or authorities responsible for administration of any such scheme, exempt the authority or authorities in question from the obligation under subsection (1) above in relation to any service or description of services; and the Secretary of State may at any time withdraw or vary any exemption granted under this subsection.

(3)An exemption may not be granted under subsection (2) above on the application of a Passenger Transport Executive, or on the joint application of authorities who include such an Executive, unless the application is made with the consent of the Passenger Transport Authority for that Executive’s area.