Search Legislation

Food and Environment Protection Act 1985

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Food and Environment Protection Act 1985. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to :

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the specific provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act, associated Parts and Chapters where applicable. This includes any insertions of whole new Parts, Chapters or provisions yet to be inserted into this Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing.

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985

 Help about changes and effects
Close

Commencement Orders

This section lists the commencement orders yet to be applied to the whole Act. These effects are included in this view as they may be (but won’t necessarily be) relevant to the specific provision that you are viewing. Where applicable the commencement orders are listed under two headings, firstly those that bring some part of the Act you are viewing into force and secondly, those that bring into force legislation that affects some part of the legislation you are viewing. If you are viewing a prospective version or there is a prospective version available there may be commencement orders listed here that are relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

16 Control of pesticides etc.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)The provisions of this Part of this Act shall have effect—

(a)with a view to the continuous development of means—

(i)to protect the health of human beings, creatures and plants;

(ii)to safeguard the environment; and

(iii)to secure safe, efficient and humane methods of controlling pests; and

(b)with a view to making information about pesticides available to the public;

and references in this Part of this Act to the general purposes of this Part of this Act are references to the purposes mentioned in this subsection.

(2)The Ministers may jointly by regulations—

(a)impose the specified prohibitions in relation to pesticides but exclude from them pesticides of a description specified in the regulations;

(b)provide that the Ministers may jointly give their approval, in relation to pesticides of a description specified in the regulations, to the doing of anything that would otherwise be prohibited by virtue of paragraph (a) above;

(c)provide for the imposition of conditions on an approval, when or after it is given;

(d)provide for the giving of consent by the Ministers or either of them to the doing of anything contrary to a specified prohibition;

(e)provide that a consent given by virtue of paragraph (d) above may be given either without conditions or subject to such conditions as may be specified;

(f)provide—

(i)for the review, revocation or suspension of an approval;

(ii)for the amendment of conditions imposed on an approval;

(g)direct that, if there has been a breach, in relation to any pesticide,—

(i)of any of the specified prohibitions; or

(ii)of a condition imposed by virtue of this subsection,

either of the Ministers [F1and any local authority]shall have power—

(iii)to seize or dispose of it or to require that some other person shall dispose of it;

(iv)to seize or dispose of anything treated with it or to require that some other person shall dispose of any such thing;

(v)to direct some other person to take such remedial action as appears to the Minister [F2or local authority]to be necessary as a result of the contravention;

(h)provide that, if any pesticide has been imported into the United Kingdom in contravention of any of the specified prohibitions or of any such condition, either of the Ministers may require that it shall be removed out of the United Kingdom;

[F3(j)provide for information to be made available to the public, subject to—

(i)any condition that the Ministers consider appropriate; and

(ii)payment of such amount as the Ministers may, with the consent of the Treasury, determine as representing the cost reasonably attributable to the supply of the information;]

(k)specify how much pesticide or pesticide residue may be left in any crop, food or feeding stuff; and

(l)direct that, if there is more pesticide or pesticide residue in any crop, food or feeding stuff than the proportion specified by virtue of paragraph (k) above, either of the Ministers shall have power—

(i)to seize or dispose of the crop, food or feeding stuff in question or to require that some other person shall dispose of it;

(ii)to direct some other person to take such remedial action as appears to the Minister to be necessary as a result of the contravention,

and in this Part of this Act “regulations” means regulations under this section and “approval” means approval under regulations.

[F4(2A)In subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (g), “local authority” has the same meaning as in section 19; and

(b)in paragraph (j), “information” means any information which has been supplied to a government department or other authority at any time for the purposes of, or otherwise in connection with—

(i)any provision made by or under this section;

(ii)the United Kingdom Pesticides Safety Precautions Scheme; or

(iii)the Agricultural Chemicals Approval Scheme.]

(3)In this Part of this Act “the specified prohibitions”, in relation to pesticides, means prohibitions of any of the following—

(a)importation;

(b)sale, offer or exposure for sale or possession for the purpose of sale;

(c)supply or offer to supply;

(d)storage;

(e)use;

(f)advertisement.

(4)Pesticides may be identified in any way for the purposes of this Part of this Act.

(5)In determining any provision to be made by virtue of subsection (2)(j) above the Ministers shall have regard to the interests of persons supplying information to which that provision would relate.

(6)Regulations shall be made by statutory instrument and no regulations shall be made unless a draft of them has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

(7)The Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument jointly establish a committee to give them advice, either when requested to do so or otherwise, on any matters relating to the control of pests in furthering the general purposes of this Part of this Act, and Schedule 5 shall have effect with respect to it.

(8)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(9)The Ministers [F5or the Scottish Ministers] shall consult the committee—

(a)as to regulations which they contemplate making;

(b)as to approvals which they contemplate giving, revoking or suspending; and

(c)as to conditions to which they contemplate making approvals subject.

[F6(9A)The Ministers—

(a)shall consult the Food Standards Agency as to regulations which they contemplate making; and

(b)shall from time to time consult that Agency as to the general approach to be taken by them in relation to the giving, revocation or suspension of approvals and the imposition of conditions on approvals (including the identification of circumstances in which it may be desirable for the Agency to be consulted in relation to particular cases).]

(10)If it appears to the Ministers that regulations which they contemplate making are likely to affect the health or safety of persons at work, it shall be their duty to consult the Health and Safety Commission concerning them.

(11)Either of the Ministers may require the provision of such information by importers, exporters, manufacturers, distributors or users of a pesticide as he considers to be necessary—

(a)for the purpose of controlling pesticides in the United Kingdom; or

(b)for the fulfilment by the government of the United Kingdom of any international obligation to supply information; or

(c)to enable the government of the United Kingdom to determine what action it should take in order to fulfil an international obligation of any other description.

(12)A person who—

(a)without reasonable excuse, contravenes, or causes or permits any other person to contravene—

(i)any provision of regulations;

(ii)any condition of approval of a pesticide; or

(iii)any requirement imposed by virtue of regulations or of subsection (11) above; or

(b)in purporting to give information required by virtue of subsection (11) above—

(i)makes a statement which he knows to be false in a material particular;

(ii)recklessly makes a statement which is false in a material particular; or

(iii)intentionally fails to disclose any material particular,

shall be guilty of an offence.

(13)In subsection (12) above “contravenes” includes “fails to comply with” and “contravene” has a corresponding meaning.

[F7(13A)If either of the Ministers does anything by virtue of this Part of this Act in consequence of a failure on the part of any person to comply with regulations, he may recover from that person expenses reasonably incurred by him in doing it.]

(14)It shall be a defence in proceedings for an offence—

(a)under section 8(b) of the M1Protection of Animals Act 1911;

(b)under section 7(b) of the M2Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act 1912; or

(c)under section 22(2)(b) of the M3Welfare of Animals Act (Northern Ireland) 1972,

(each of which restricts the placing on land of poison and poisonous substances) for the person charged to show that he acted in accordance with an approval.

(15)In this Act—

  • pest” means—

(a)any organism harmful to plants or to wood or other plant products;

(b)any undesired plant; and

(c)any harmful creature;

  • pesticide” means any substance, preparation or organism prepared or used for destroying any pest; and

  • pesticide residue” means any substance resulting from the use of a pesticide including, without prejudice to the generality of this definition, any such derivative as regulations may specify in relation to a particular pesticide.

(16)This Part of this Act applies to any substance, preparation or organism prepared or used for any of the following purposes—

(a)protecting plants or wood or other plant products from harmful organisms;

(b)regulating the growth of plants;

(c)giving protection against harmful creatures;

(d)rendering such creatures harmless;

(e)controlling organisms with harmful or unwanted effects on water systems, buildings or other structures, or on manufactured products;

(f)protecting animals against ectoparasites,

as if it were a pesticide.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F1Words in s. 16(2)(g) inserted (9.9.1998) by 1998 c. 26, ss. 1(1)(2)(a), 3(b)

F2Words in s. 16(2)(g) inserted (9.9.1998) by 1998 c. 26, ss. 1(1)(2)(b), 3(b)

F3S. 16(2)(j) substituted (9.9.1998) by 1998 c. 26, ss. 1(1)(3), 3(b)

F4S. 16(2A) inserted (9.9.1998) by 1998 c. 26, ss. 1(1)(4), 3(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

M31972 c. 7. (N.I.).

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enactedversion that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources