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Prosecution of Offences Act 1985

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18 Award of costs against accused. E+W

(1)Where—

(a)any person is convicted of an offence before a magistrates’ court;

(b)the Crown Court dismisses an appeal against such a conviction or against the sentence imposed on that conviction; or

(c)any person is convicted of an offence before the Crown Court;

the court may make such order as to the costs to be paid by the accused to the prosecutor as it considers just and reasonable.

(2)Where the Court of Appeal dismisses—

(a)an appeal or application for leave to appeal under Part I of the M1Criminal Appeal Act 1968; or

(b)an application by the accused for leave to appeal to the [F1Supreme Court] under Part II of that Act;

it may make such order as to the costs to be paid by the accused, to such person as may be named in the order, as it considers just and reasonable [F2or

(c)an appeal or application for leave to appeal under section 9(11) of the Criminal Justice Act 1987;]

[F3or

(d)an appeal or application for leave to appeal under section 35(1) of the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996.]

[F4(2A)Where the Court of Appeal reverses or varies a ruling on an appeal under Part 9 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, it may make such order as to the costs to be paid by the accused, to such person as may be named in the order, as it considers just and reasonable.]

(3)The amount to be paid by the accused in pursuance of an order under this section shall be specified in the order.

(4)Where any person is convicted of an offence before a magistrates’ court and—

(a)under the conviction the court orders payment of any sum as a fine, penalty, forfeiture or compensation; and

(b)the sum so ordered to be paid does not exceed £5;

the court shall not order the accused to pay any costs under this section unless in the particular circumstances of the case it considers it right to do so.

(5)Where any person under [F5the age of eighteen] is convicted of an offence before a magistrates’ court, the amount of any costs ordered to be paid by the accused under this section shall not exceed the amount of any fine imposed on him.

(6)Costs ordered to be paid under subsection (2) [F6or (2A)] above may include the reasonable cost of any transcript of a record of proceedings made in accordance with rules of court made for the purposes of section 32 of the Act of 1968.

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Amendments (Textual)

F3S. 18(2)(d) and preceding word inserted (4.4.2005) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 312(3), 336; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 25 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2) (as amended by 2005/2122, art. 2 and 2007/391, art. 2)

F4S. 18(2A) inserted (4.4.2005) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 69(3), 336; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 4 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2) (as amended by 2005/2122, art. 2 and 2007/391, art. 2)

F5Words in s. 18(5) substituted (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 168(3), Sch. 9 para. 26; S.I. 1995/127, art. 2(1), Sch. Appendix A

F6Words in s. 18(6) inserted (4.4.2005) by Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44), ss. 69(4), 336; S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 4 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2) (as amended by 2005/2122, art. 2 and 2007/391, art. 2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 18 applied by S.I. 1986/1335, art. 14(1)(2)(3)

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