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Prosecution of Offences Act 1985

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

16Defence costs

(1)Where

(a)an information laid before a justice of the peace for any area, charging any person with an offence, is not proceeded with;

(b)a magistrates' court inquiring into an indictable offence as examining justices determines not to commit the accused for trial;

(c)a magistrates' court dealing summarily with an offence dismisses the information;

that court or, in a case falling within paragraph (a) above, a magistrates' court for that area, may make an order in favour of the accused for a payment to be made out of central funds in respect of his costs (a " defendant's costs order ").

(2)Where

(a)any person is not tried for an offence for which he has been indicted or committed for trial; or

(b)any person is tried on indictment and acquitted on any count in the indictment;

the Crown Court may make a defendant's costs order in favour of the accused

(3)Where a person convicted of an offence by a magistrates' court appeals to the Crown Court under section 108 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (right of appeal against conviction or sentence) and, in consequence of the decision on appeal—

(a)his conviction is set aside ; or

(b)a less severe punishment is awarded;

the Crown Court may make a defendant's costs order in favour of the accused.

(4)Where the Court of Appeal—

(a)allows an appeal under Part I of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 against—

(i)conviction;

(ii)a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity;

or

(iii)a finding under section 4 of the Criminal Procedure (Insanity) Act 1964 that the appellant is under disability;

(b)on an appeal under that Part against conviction—

(i)substitutes a verdict of guilty of another offence;

(ii)in a case where a special verdict has been found, orders a different conclusion on the effect of that verdict to be recorded ; or

(iii)is of the opinion that the case falls within paragraph (a) or (b) of section 6(1) of that Act (cases where the court substitutes a finding of insanity or unfitness to plead); or

(c)on an appeal under that Part against sentence, exercises its powers under section 11(3) of that Act (powers where the court considers that the appellant should be sentenced differently for an offence for which he was dealt with by the court below);

the court may make a defendant's costs order in favour of the accused.

(5)Where

(a)any proceedings in a criminal cause or matter are determined before a Divisional Court of the Queen's Bench Division;

(b)the House of Lords determines an appeal, or application for leave to appeal, from such a Divisional Court in a criminal cause or matter;

(c)the Court of Appeal determines an application for leave to appeal to the House of Lords under Part II of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 ; or

(d)the House of Lords determines an appeal, or application for leave to appeal, under Part II of that Act; the court may make a defendant's costs order in favour of the accused.

(6)A defendant's costs order shall, subject to the following provisions of this section, be for the payment out of central funds, to the person in whose favour the order is made, of such amount as the court considers reasonably sufficient to compensate him for any expenses properly incurred by him in the proceedings.

(7)Where a court makes a defendant's costs order but is of the opinion that there are circumstances which make it inappropriate that the person in whose favour the order is made should recover the full amount mentioned in subsection (6) above, the court shall—

(a)assess what amount would, in its opinion, be just and reasonable; and

(b)specify that amount in the order.

(8)Where a defendant's costs order is made in favour of a legally assisted person, any expenses incurred on his behalf pursuant to the legal aid order in question shall be disregarded in determining (for the purposes of this section) the amount of the expenses incurred by him in the proceedings.

(9)Subject to subsection (7) above, the amount to be paid out of central funds in pursuance of a defendant's costs order shall—

(a)be specified in the order, in any case where the court considers it appropriate for the amount to be so specified and the person in whose favour the order is made agrees the amount; and

(b)in any other case, be determined in accordance with regulations made by the Lord Chancellor for the purposes of this section.

(10)Subsection (6) above shall have effect, in relation to any case falling within subsection (l)(a) or (2)(a) above, as if for the words " in the proceedings" there were substituted the words

in or about the defence.

(11)Where a person ordered to be retried is acquitted at his retrial, the costs which may be ordered to be paid out of central funds under this section shall include—

(a)any costs which, at the original trial, could have been ordered to be so paid under this section if he had been acquitted; and

(b)if no order was made under this section in respect of his expenses on appeal, any sums for the payment of which such an order could have been made.

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