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(1)Where parties to a marriage have been divorced in an overseas country, then, subject to subsection (4) below, if the jurisdiction requirements and the conditions set out in subsections (2) and (3) below respectively are satisfied, the court may entertain an application by one of the parties for an order for financial provision.
(2)The jurisdictional requirements mentioned in subsection (1) above are that—
(a)the applicant was domiciled or habitually resident in Scotland on the date when the application was made; and
(b)the other party to the marriage—
(i)was domiciled or habitually resident in Scotland on the date when the application was made; or
(ii)was domiciled or habitually resident in Scotland when the parties last lived together as husband and wife; or
(iii)on the date when the application was made, was an owner or tenant of, or had a beneficial interest in, property in Scotland which had at some time been a matrimonial home of the parties; and
(c)where the court is the sheriff court, either—
(i)one of the parties was, on the date when the application was made, habitually resident in the sheriffdom; or
(ii)paragraph (b)(iii) above is satisfied in respect of property wholly or partially within the sheriffdom.
(3)The conditions mentioned in subsection (1) above are that—
(a)the divorce falls to be recognised in Scotland;
(b)the other party to the marriage initiated the proceedings for divorce;
(c)the application was made within five years after the date when the divorce took effect;
(d)a court in Scotland would have had jurisdiction to entertain an action for divorce between the parties if such an action had been brought in Scotland immediately before the foreign divorce took effect;
(e)the marriage had a substantial connection with Scotland; and
(f)both parties are living at the time of the application.
(4)Where the jurisdiction of the court to entertain proceedings under this Part of this Act would fall to be determined by reference to the jurisdictional requirements imposed by virtue of Part I of the M1Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments Act 1982 (implementation of certain European conventions) [F1 or by virtue of Council Regulation (EC) No. 44/2001 of 22nd December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial metters or] then—
(a)satisfaction of the requirements of subsection (2) above shall not obviate the need to satisfy the requirements imposed by virtue of [F2that Regulation or] Part I of that Act; and
(b)satisfaction of the requirements imposed by virtue of [F2that Regulation or] Part I of that Act shall obviate the need to satisfy the requirements of subsection (2) above;
and the court shall entertain or not entertain the proceedings accordingly.
(1)Subject to subsections (2) to (5) below, Scots law shall apply, with any necessary modifications, in relation to an application under section 28 above as it would apply if the application were being made in an action for divorce in Scotland.
(2)In disposing of an application entertained by it under the said section 28, the court shall exercise its powers so as to place the parties, in so far as it is reasonable and practicable to do so, in the financial position in which they would have been if the application had been disposed of, in an action for divorce in Scotland, on the date on which the foreign divorce took effect.
(3)In determining what is reasonable and practicable for the purposes of subsection (2) above, the court shall have regard in particular to—
(a)the parties’ resources, present and foreseeable at the date of disposal of the application;
(b)any order made by a foreign court in or in connection with the divorce proceedings for the making of financial provision in whatever form, or the transfer of property, by one of the parties to the other; and
(c)subsection (5) below.
(4)Except where subsection (5) below applies, the court may make an order for an interim award of a periodical allowance where—
(a)it appears from the applicant’s averments that in the disposal of the application an order for financial provision is likely to be made; and
(b)the court considers that such an interim award is necessary to avoid hardship to the applicant.
(5)Where but for section 28(2)(b)(iii) above the court would not have jurisdiction to entertain the application, the court may make an order—
(a)relating to the former matrimonial home or its furniture and plenishings; or
(b)that the other party to the marriage shall pay to the applicant a capital sum not exceeding the value of that other party’s interest in the former matrimonial home and its furniture and plenishings,
but shall not be entitled to make any other order for financial provision.
This Part of this Act shall apply to an annulment, of whatever nature, of a purported marriage, as it applies to a divorce, and references to marriage and divorce shall be construed accordingly.]
(1)In the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Act unless the context otherwise requires—
“the court” means the Court of Session or the sheriff court:
“furniture and plenishings” has the meaning assigned by section 22 of the M2Matrimonial Homes (Family Protection) (Scotland) Act 1981;
“matrimonial home” has the meaning assigned by the said section 22;
“order for financial provision” means any one or more of the orders specified in [F4section 8(1) of the Family Law (Scotland) Act 1985] (financial provision) or an order under section 13 of the Matrimonial Homes (Family Protection) (Scotland) Act 1981 (transfer of tenancy of matrimonial home);
“overseas country” means a country or territory outside the British Islands; and
“tenant” has the meaning assigned by the said section 22.
(2)Any reference in the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Act to a party to a marriage shall include a reference to a party to a marriage which has been terminated.
(1)Section 31(4) of the M3Maintenance Orders (Reciprocal Enforcement) Act 1972 (recovery of maintenance in Scotland from former spouse on order made in convention country) shall have effect with the following amendments.
(2)In paragraph (i), for the words “granted in a convention country” there shall be substituted the words “obtained in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom”.
(3)For paragraph (ii) there shall be substituted the following paragraphs—
“(ii)an order for the payment of maintenance for the benefit of the applicant as a divorced person has, in or by reason of, or subsequent to, the divorce proceedings, been made by a court in a convention country;
(iia)in a case where the order mentioned in paragraph (ii) above was made by a court of a different country from that in which the divorce was obtained, either the applicant or the said former spouse was resident in that different country at the time the application for the order so mentioned was made; and”.
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