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Rating and Valuation (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 1984

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Part IRating and Local Government Finance

1Basis of apportionment of needs element of rate support grants

(1)In Part I of Schedule 1 to the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966 (which among other things relates to the apportionment of the needs element of rate support grants), after paragraph 3 there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

3AWithout prejudice to sections 5 and 5A of this Act or to the generality of paragraphs 1 and 3 above, the Secretary of State may, in prescribing a basis for apportionment under either of those paragraphs or in providing for apportionment under paragraph 3 above, have regard to the extent to which, in his opinion, either or both—

(a)the actual expenditure of an individual authority has conformed (whether or not in the year for which the amount of the needs element is payable),

(b)the estimated expenditure of such an authority conforms,

with any guidance issued by him, before the start of the year to which the expenditure relates, as to what that expenditure ought to be..

(2)Schedule 1 to the said Act of 1966 is set out as amended by this section in Schedule 1 to this Act.

2Procedure under section 5 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966

(1)In section 5 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966 (reduction in certain circumstances of rate support grant and rates), after subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)A report under subsection (1) above may relate to more than one local authority and, if a report so relating is approved by a resolution of the Commons House of Parliament, subsections (4) and (5) above shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to the report..

(2)Sections 2 to 7 of the said Act of 1966 are set out as amended by this section in Schedule 1 to this Act.

3Power of Secretary of State to control rates

After section 108A of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 there shall be inserted the following sections— Power of Secretary of State to control rate levels.

108B(1)The Secretary of State may, as respects the rates to be determined under section 108 of this Act by local authorities in respect of any financial year, by order prescribe—

(a)the maximum amount by which those rates may be greater than ; or

(b)the minimum amount by which those rates shall be less than,

the rates so determined in respect of the immediately preceding financial year.

(2)Any amount prescribed under subsection (1) above—

(a)may be expressed as a percentage ;

(b)shall be prescribed in relation to one or more of the following classes of rate, that is to say—

(i)the regional rate ;

(ii)the general rate ;

(iii)the district rate.

(3)The Secretary of State may, under subsections (1) and (2) above, prescribe differently in respect of the different classes of rate specified in the said subsection (2).

(4)Nil may be the amount prescribed under subsection (1) above.

(5)The Secretary of State shall, before making an order under this section, consult such associations of local authorities as appear to him to be concerned.

(6)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall not have effect until approved by a resolution of the Commons House of Parliament.

(7)If—

(a)an order under this section has effect in relation to a local authority ; and

(b)the authority have not, by the date prescribed under section 108(1) of this Act, determined their rate in accordance with the order,

then the authority shall be deemed to have, on that date, determined the rate at which the maximum or, as the case may be, the minimum amount referred to in the order is exactly complied with.

(8)A reference in this Act (except section 108(1)) or in any other enactment, whether passed or made before or after the passing of this Act, to such rates as are determined under the said section 108 shall be construed as including such rates as are deemed to have been determined under subsection (7) above. Derogations from rates control under section 108B.

108C(1)The Secretary of State may, on the application of a local authority, direct that nothing in an order under section 108B of this Act specified in the direction shall apply to the local authority.

(2)A direction under subsection (1) above may be made subject to such conditions as may be specified in it.

(3)An application under subsection (1) above shall be in such form and be accompanied by such information as the Secretary of State may direct.

(4)A direction made under this section may be revoked or amended by a further direction so made..

4Consultation with non-domestic ratepayers

In section 108 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (determination of rates) there shall be inserted after subsection (2) the following subsections—

(3)Before determining a rate under this section, a local authority shall, in accordance with such procedure as the Secretary of State may direct—

(a)make available to the persons mentioned in subsection (4) below such information as he may direct; and

(b)consult those persons on that information and on the rate which the local authority propose to determine.

(4)The persons referred to in subsection (3) above are—

(a)those liable to pay rates in respect of lands and heritages other than dwelling-houses (construed in accordance with section 7(3) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966); and

(b)bodies appearing to the local authority to be representative of persons so liable.

(5)A direction made under subsection (3) above may be revoked or amended by a further direction so made.

(6)The duty under subsection (3) above does not apply in relation to the determination of a rate under section 108A of this Act or section 5(4)(b) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966 or in relation to a deemed determination of a rate under the proviso to the said section 5(4)(b) or under section 108B of this Act..

5Premises qualifying for rates relief for institutions for the disabled

(1)In section 5 of the Rating (Disabled Persons) Act 1978 (rate rebates for institutions for the disabled)—

(a)in subsection (1) for the words from " and are " onwards there shall be substituted the following— if half or more of the floor area of so much of any building or, where there are more than one, those buildings as is comprehended in the lands and heritages is used exclusively for one or more of the purposes specified in subsection (2) below or purposes ancillary thereto, or is available so to be used.

(b)for subsection (5) there shall be substituted the following subsections—

(5)The rebate under this section in respect of any lands and heritages shall be so much of the rates chargeable on the lands and heritages as is attributable to so much of the lands and heritages as is used exclusively for one or more of the purposes specified in subsection (2) above or purposes ancillary thereto or is available so to be used; and, where the lands and heritages qualify for rebate for part of a rebate period, the rebate shall be proportionately reduced.

(5A)For the purposes of calculating the rebate under this section, the assessor shall certify what amount of rateable value is attributable to so much of the lands and heritages as is used as mentioned in subsection (5) above or is available so to be used and, subject to subsection (7) below, the assessor's certificate shall be conclusive.;

(c)after subsection (6) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(7)An appeal shall lie in respect of a certificate under subsection (5A) above and a complaint may be made about such a certificate in either case to the valuation appeal committee; and the provisions of the previous Valuation Acts relating to application to the assessor for redress, to appeals and complaints to the valuation appeal committee and to appeals from that committee to the Lands Valuation Appeal Court shall, with the necessary modifications, apply for the purposes of this subsection..

(2)In section 6 of the said Act of 1978 (administration and appeals)—

(a)after subsection (5) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(5A)A person who has been granted a rebate under section 5 of this Act but is nevertheless dissatisfied with the amount of rebate may appeal to the sheriff; and if the sheriff allows the appeal he may give the rating authority such direction as respects the matters mentioned in subsection (5) of that section as he thinks fit.; and

(b)in subsection (6) after the word " (5) " there shall be inserted the words

or (5A).

6Relief of rates in respect of lands and heritages partly occupied for a short time

After section 243 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 there shall be inserted the following section— Relief of rates in respect of lands and heritages partly occupied for a short time.

243A(1)If it appears to the rating authority that part of any lands and heritages included in the valuation roll is unoccupied but will remain so for a short time only, the authority may request the assessor to apportion the rateable value between the occupied and unoccupied parts and on being thus requested the assessor shall apportion the rateable value accordingly.

(2)As from whichever is the later of the following—

(a)the date upon which lands and heritages the rateable value of which has been apportioned under section (1) above became partly occupied ;

(b)the commencement of the financial year in which the request under that subsection relating to those lands and heritages was made,

until whichever of the events specified in subsection (3) of this section first occurs, the value apportioned to the occupied part of the lands and heritages shall be treated for rating purposes as if it were the rateable value ascribed to the lands and heritages in the valuation roll.

(3)The events mentioned in subsection (2) above are—

(a)the reoccupation of any of the unoccupied part;

(b)the end of the financial year in which the request was made;

(c)a further apportionment of the value of the lands and heritages taking effect under subsection (1) above.

(4)Notwithstanding paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above, if it appears to the rating authority that the part of the lands and heritages which was unoccupied at the date of an apportionment of the rateable value thereof under subsection (1) above has continued after the end of the financial year referred to in that paragraph to be unoccupied but will remain so for a short time only, the authority may direct that the apportionment shall continue to have effect for the next financial year ; and subsections (2) and (3)(a) and (c) above shall have effect in relation to that year accordingly.

(5)In this section, " financial year" has the meaning assigned to it by section 96(5) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973.

(6)This section shall have effect as if it had come into force on 1st April 1984..

7Relief of rates in respect of non-domestic lands and heritages not in active use

After section 243 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 there shall be inserted the following section— Relief of rates in respect of non-domestic lands and heritages not in active use.

243B(1)For the purposes of—

(a)section 243 of this Act, lands and heritages to which this section applies shall be treated as unoccupied and unfurnished;

(b)section 243A of this Act and sections 24 to 27 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966 (rating of unoccupied property), lands and heritages to which this section applies shall be treated as unoccupied,

if, apart from this section, they would fall to be treated as occupied (or, as the case may be, occupied or furnished) by reason only of there being kept on the lands and heritages plant, machinery or equipment—

(i)which was last used on the lands and heritages when they were last in use ; or

(ii)which is intended for use on the lands and heritages.

(2)This section applies to lands and heritages which are not a dwelling-house, a private garage or private storage premises ; and in this subsection—

(a)" private garage " means a building having a floor area not exceeding 25 square metres which is used wholly or mainly for the accommodation of a motor vehicle; and

(b)" private storage premises" means lands and heritages which are used wholly in connection with a dwelling-house or dwelling-houses and wholly or mainly for the storage of articles of domestic use (including bicycles and similar vehicles) belonging to persons residing there.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) of this section lands and heritages that are not in use shall nevertheless be treated as a dwelling-house, a private garage or private storage premises if it appears that, when next in use, they will be lands and heritages of that description..

8Power of Secretary of State to limit estimated rate fund contributions to housing revenue account

(1)After section 23 of the Housing (Financial Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1972 there shall be inserted the following section— Power of Secretary of State to limit estimated rate fund contributions to housing revenue account.

23A(1)The Secretary of State may by order impose, as respects a local authority or class thereof specified in the order, a limit to the amount of contribution out of their general fund which the authority or, as the case may be, an authority of the class may estimate that they will carry to the credit of their housing revenue account for the year specified in the order; and it shall be the duty of the local authority so to estimate that amount as not to exceed that limit.

(2)The limit referred to in subsection (1) above may be expressed in whatever way the Secretary of State thinks fit.

(3)An order under this section shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4)Every local authority shall, during the year 1984-85 and each of the subsequent years, submit to the Secretary of State an estimate of the income and expenditure an account of which they are obliged, under section 23 of this Act, to keep in their housing revenue account for the year next following.

(5)In subsection (1) above, " general fund " means the fund maintained by a local authority under section 93 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973..

9Separate accounts of expenditure by local authorities under section 83 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973. 10. Inspection of local authorities' accounts

In section 83 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (power of local authorities to incur expenditure for certain purposes not otherwise authorised) after subsection (6) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(7)The accounts kept under section 96 of this Act by a local authority shall include a separate account of any expenditure incurred by the authority under this section..

10(1)For subsection (1) of section 101 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 there shall be substituted the following subsection—

(1)At each audit under this Part of this Act of a local authority's accounts, any persons interested may inspect the accounts to be audited and all books, deeds, contracts, bills, vouchers and receipts relating thereto and make copies of all or any part of the accounts and those other documents..

(2)In section 105(1)(d) of that Act (regulations as to the period in which accounts may be inspected and as to informing persons about their rights of inspection and objection) for the words " abstract and accounts " there shall be substituted the words

accounts and other documents.

Part IIValuation

11Right of appeal on change of owner, tenant or occupier

In section 3 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1975 (appeal against entry in valuation roll) after subsection (2) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(2A)Where a person becomes the proprietor, tenant or occupier of lands and heritages which are included in the valuation roll he shall thereupon have the same right of appeal under subsection (2) above as he would have had if there had been sent to him the notice referred to in that subsection, except that the last date for lodging an appeal by virtue of this subsection shall be the last day of a period of six months beginning with the day upon which the person became the proprietor, tenant or occupier and all other time limits prescribed under the Valuation Acts in that regard shall have effect accordingly.

(2B)The right of appeal conferred by subsection (2A) above may be exercised whether or not any previous proprietor, tenant or occupier of the lands and heritages had reached agreement with the assessor as mentioned in section 2(3) of this Act or had appealed or obtained redress under subsection (2) above..

12Jurisdiction in valuation matters of Lands Tribunal for Scotland

(1)In section 1 of the Lands Tribunal Act 1949 (which amongst other things provides as to the jurisdiction of the Lands Tribunal for Scotland), after subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsections—

(3A)The Lands Tribunal for Scotland may also determine any appeal or complaint under the Valuation Acts (within the meaning of section 37(1) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1975) referred to it by a valuation appeal committee.

(3B)The jurisdiction conferred by subsection (3A) of this section includes power, in relation to an individual appeal or complaint, to decline with reason stated to proceed to determine it.

(3C)The provisions of the said Valuation Acts with regard to appeal to judges of the Court of Session shall, with any necessary modifications, apply in relation to determinations of the Lands Tribunal for Scotland under subsection (3A) of this section as they apply in relation to decisions of valuation appeal committees.

(3D)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument repeal or amend any enactment (including this Act) to the extent necessary to give full effect to this section.

(3E)A statutory instrument containing an order under subsection (3D) above shall have no effect until approved by resolution of each House of Parliament..

(2)In section 15 of the Local Government (Financial Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1963 after subsection (2) (regulations as to valuation appeal committees) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(2A)The Secretary of State may make regulations governing—

(a)the circumstances and manner in which an appeal or complaint may be referred to the Lands Tribunal for Scotland in pursuance of subsection (3A) of section 1 of the Lands Tribunal Act 1949 (jurisdiction of the Tribunal to determine valuation cases referred to it); and

(b)the consideration of the appeal or complaint by a valuation appeal committee in a case where the Tribunal have declined under subsection (3B) of that section to proceed to determine it..

13Constitution of lands valuation appeal court

(1)In section 8 of the Valuation of Lands (Scotland) Amendment Act 1867 and in section 7 of the Valuation of Lands (Scotland) Amendment Act 1879 (which sections, construed as originally enacted, provide, amongst other things, that appeals in valuation matters shall lie to two judges of the Court of Session), for the words " any two " there shall be substituted the words

a judge or (in a case in relation to which the judge to whom it was submitted has directed that it be heard by three judges or where the appeal is against a determination of the Lands Tribunal for Scotland under section 1(3A) of the Lands Tribunal Act 1949) three.

(2)In the proviso to the said section 8, after the word " said " there shall be substituted the words

judge or, as the case may be..

(3)In the said section 7—

(a)for the word " judges ", where secondly and thirdly occurring, there shall be substituted the words

judge or, as the case may be, judges; and

(b)for the word " their ", in each place where it occurs, there shall be substituted the words

his or, as the case may be, their.

(4)Section 7(2) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1908 (which provides for the construction of the said section 8 and section 7 as if the references to two judges were references to three judges) shall cease to have effect.

14Separate entry in valuation roll of pitches for static caravans

After subsection (8) of section 3 of the Rating (Caravan Sites) Act 1976 (valuation and rating of caravan sites) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(8A)Where—

(a)a caravan site is treated under subsection (1) above as a single unit of lands and heritages ;

(b)a caravan pitch on that site would be taken as including, as part of lands and heritages, the caravan for the time being on it; and

(c)the caravan pitch is separately occupied by a person other than the site operator,

the assessor shall, on the application of that person, omit the pitch from the single unit and enter it separately in the valuation roll..

15Percentage derating of static caravans

After section 3 of the Rating (Caravan Sites) Act 1976 there shall be inserted the following section— Percentage derating of static caravans.

3A(1)The Secretary of State may by order provide that the rateable value of a caravan site to which this section applies shall be the sum of the following amounts—

(a)the amount produced by deducting from the aggregate net annual value of the caravan pitches on the site, which are caravan pitches to which this section applies, such percentage of that aggregate value as may be specified in the order;

(b)the amount of the net annual value of so much of the site as does not consist of those pitches.

(2)This section applies to any caravan site which is treated under section 3(1) above as a single unit of lands and heritages.

(3)This section applies to caravan pitches—

(a)each of which when taken under section 3(5) above, as including the caravan for the time being on it, would constitute a dwelling-house for the purposes of section 7 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1966 (reduction of rates on dwellings by reference to the domestic element);

(b)each of which is separately occupied by a person other than the site operator; and

(c)none of which has been entered separately in the valuation roll under section 3(8A) above.

(4)An order under this section shall be made by statutory instrument which shall be laid before the Commons House of Parliament and shall not have effect until approved by a resolution of that House..

16Exemption of reed beds from rates

(1)In subsection (2) of section 7 of the Valuation and Rating (Scotland) Act 1956 (valuation of agricultural lands and heritages), in the definition of " agricultural lands and heritages ", after the word " orchards " there shall be inserted the words

, reed beds.

(2)In subsection (3) of the said section 7 after the words " agricultural lands and heritages ", where secondly occurring, there shall be inserted the words

(other than agricultural lands and heritages being lands and heritages used as reed beds) and on and after the first day of April nineteen hundred and eighty four have effect in the case of agricultural lands and heritages being lands and heritages used as reed beds.

(3)After the said subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(3A)Any reference in the valuation roll to any lands and heritages used as reed beds shall, as from 1st April 1984, be of no effect..

17Common parts of shopping malls not to be entered separately in valuation roll

After section 8 of the Valuation and Rating (Scotland) Act 1956 there shall be inserted the following section— Common parts of shopping malls not to be entered separately in valuation roll.

8AThere shall not be entered separately in the valuation roll any part of a covered shopping mall, being a part the sole or main purpose of which is to serve two or more of the lands and heritages comprised in the mall..

18Exemption from valuation and rating of certain moorings

After section 8 of the Valuation and Rating (Scotland) Act 1956 there shall be inserted the following section— Exemption from valuation and rating of certain moorings.

8AA(1)For the purpose of ascertaining the net annual value of any lands and heritages no account shall be taken of any mooring to which this section applies.

(2)This section applies to any mooring—

(a)used or intended to be used by a boat or ship; and

(b)equipped only with a buoy attached to an anchor, weight or other device—

(i)which rests on or in the bed of the sea or any river or other waters when in use; and

(ii)which is designed to be raised from that bed from time to time..

19Comparison with hereditaments in England and Wales

At the end of subsection (1) of section 15 of the Local Government (Financial Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1963 (comparison with other lands and heritages) there shall be inserted— or, in accordance with subsections (1A) to (1C) below, on hereditaments in England and Wales.

(1A)It shall be competent to found, by way of comparison, on hereditaments in England and Wales only if—

(a)there is no evidence available as to lands and heritages in Scotland comparable to those which are the subject of the proceedings ; or

(b)such evidence as is available in that regard is not adequate to enable the committee or, as the case may be, the Lands Tribunal for Scotland to draw conclusions as to the rent at which the lands and heritages which are the subject of the proceedings might reasonably be expected to let from year to year in the circumstances mentioned in section 6(2) or, as the case may be, 6(8) of the Valuation and Rating (Scotland) Act 1956 (ascertainment of gross and net annual values by reference to expected rent).

(1B)The net annual value ascribed in the valuation list maintained under the General Rate Act 1967 to a hereditament in England and Wales shall, for the purposes of subsections (1) and (1A) above, be treated as equal to the rent at which the hereditament (as at the date as at which its net annual value was ascribed to it) might reasonably be expected to let from year to year if the tenant undertook to pay all usual tenants' rates and taxes and to bear the cost of the repairs and insurance and the other expenses, if any, necessary to maintain the hereditament in a state to command that rent.

(1C)A valuation appeal committee or the Lands Tribunal for Scotland shall, in considering a hereditament in England and Wales by way of comparison in pursuance of this section, make such adjustment as is, in their opinion, necessary—

(a)to its rent as established by the evidence, so as to take account of (amongst any other things) the date at which that rent became payable ;

(b)to its rent as established under subsection (1B) above, so as to take account of (amongst any other things) the date as at which, under that subsection, that rent is to be treated as payable..

20Alteration of " material change of circumstances "

In section 37(1) of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1975, in the definition of " material change of circumstances "—

(a)the word " and ", where fourthly occurring, shall be omitted; and

(b)for the words from " but" onwards there shall be substituted the words

and any decision of that Court, committee or Tribunal which alters the gross or net annual value or rateable value of any comparable lands and heritages;.

Part IIIGeneral

21Amendments and repeals

(1)The enactments specified in Schedule 2 to this Act shall have effect subject to the amendments specified in that Schedule.

(2)The enactments specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are hereby repealed to the extent specified in column 3 of that Schedule.

22Financial provisions

There shall be paid out of moneys provided by Parliament—

(a)any administrative expenses of the Secretary of State under this Act; and

(b)any increase attributable to the provisions of this Act in the sums payable out of moneys so provided under any other Act.

23Citation, commencement and extent

(1)This Act, which may be cited as the Rating and Valuation (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 1984, shall come into force as follows—

(a)sections 1, 2 and 4 and this section shall come into force on the day this Act is passed ;

(b)sections 7, 9 to 13, 17 to 19 and paragraphs 9, 12 to 15 and 17 of Schedule 2 shall come into force on 1st April 1985 ;

(c)the other provisions shall come into force at the end of the period of two months beginning with the day on which this Act is passed.

(2)This Act applies to Scotland only.

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