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Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984

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Disposal of Dead BodiesE+W

46 Burial and cremation.E+W

(1)It shall be the duty of a local authority to cause to be buried or cremated the body of any person who has died or been found dead in their area, in any case where it appears to the authority that no suitable arrangements for the disposal of the body have been or are being made otherwise than by the authority.

[F1(2)Any council which is the local authority for the purposes of the Local Authority Social Services Act 1970 may cause to be buried or cremated the body of any deceased person who immediately before his death was being provided with accommodation under Part 1 of the Care Act 2014.

(2A)A local authority within the meaning of the Social Services and Well-being (Wales) Act 2014 may cause to be buried or cremated the body of any deceased person who immediately before his death was being provided with accommodation under Part 4 of that Act.]

(3)An authority shall not cause a body to be cremated under subsection (1) or (2) above where they have reason to believe that cremation would be contrary to the wishes of the deceased.

(4)Subsections (1) and (2) above do not affect any enactment regulating or authorising the burial, cremation or anatomical examination of the body of a deceased person.

(5)An authority may recover from the estate of the deceased person F2... expenses incurred under subsection (1) or subsection (2) above, F3...

(6)Without prejudice to any other method of recovery, a sum due to an authority under subsection (5) above is recoverable summarily as a civil debt by proceedings brought within three years after the sum becomes due.

(7)The Secretary of State may cause such inquiries to be held as he may deem necessary or desirable for the purposes of this section.

(8)The Secretary of State may by order made by statutory instrument direct that this section, in its application to the Isles of Scilly, shall have effect subject to exceptions, adaptations and modifications.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 46 applied (with modifications) (E.) (24.3.2011) by The Hull and Goole Port Health Authority Order 2011 (S.I. 2011/939), arts. 1(1), 9, Sch. 2

C5S. 46 Functions transferred and modified (14.6.2016) by The River Tees Port Health Authority Order 2016 (S.I. 2016/644), arts. 1(1), 9, Sch. 2

C6S. 46 functions etc. assigned to the port health authority and modified (31.3.2017) by The Weymouth Port Health Authority Order 2017 (S.I. 2017/558), arts. 1(1), 9, Sch. 2 (with art. 9(3))

47 Regulations about dead bodies.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations imposing any conditions and restrictions—

(a)with respect to means of disposal of dead bodies otherwise than by burial or cremation,

(b)as to the period of time a body may be retained after death on any premises, or

(c)with respect to embalming or preservation,

which may appear to be desirable in the interests of public health or public safety.

(2)The power to make regulations under this section shall be exercisable by statutory instrument.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7S. 47 modified (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8(2)(3), Sch. 2

S. 47 modified (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8(2)(3), Sch. 2

C8S. 47: certain functions transferred (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8(1)(3), Sch. 2

S. 47: certain functions transferred (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8(1)(3), Sch. 2

48 Removal of body to mortuary or for immediate burial. E+W

(1)If a justice of the peace (acting, if he deems it necessary, ex parte) is satisfied, on a certificate of the proper officer of the local authority for the district in which a dead body lies, that the retention of the body [F4in any place would endanger the health of any person], he may order—

(a)that the body be removed by, and at the cost of, the local authority to a mortuary, and

(b)that the necessary steps be taken to secure that it is buried within a time limited by the order or, if he considers immediate burial necessary, immediately.

(2)Where an order is made under subsection (1) above, relatives or friends of the deceased person shall be deemed to comply with the order if they cause the body to be cremated within the time limited by the order or, as the case may be, immediately.

(3)An order under this section shall be an authority to any officer named in it to do all acts necessary for giving effect to the order.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F4Words in s. 48(1) substituted (6.4.2010 for E., 26.7.2010 for W.) by Health and Social Care Act 2008 (c. 14), s. 170(3)(4), Sch. 11 para. 7; S.I. 2010/708, art. 6(e) (with Sch. 2); S.I. 2010/1547, art. 2(e) (with Sch. 1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 48 applied by S.I. 1988/1546, reg. 3, Sch. 1

C10S. 48 modified (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8(2)(3), Sch.2

S. 48 modified (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8(2)(3), Sch. 2

C11S. 48: certain functions transferred (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8(1)(3), Sch.2

S. 48: certain functions transferred (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8(1)(3), Sch. 2

C18S. 48 Functions transferred and modified (E.) (14.6.2016) by The River Tees Port Health Authority Order 2016 (S.I. 2016/644), arts. 1(1), 9, Sch. 2

C19S. 48 functions etc. assigned to the port health authority and modified (31.3.2017) by The Weymouth Port Health Authority Order 2017 (S.I. 2017/558), arts. 1(1), 9, Sch. 2 (with art. 9(3))

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