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Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Schedule 1Licensing—Further Provisions as to the General System

Applications for the grant and renewal of licences

1(1)An application to a licensing authority for the grant or renewal of a licence shall be—

(a)made in writing in such form as may be determined by the licensing authority;

(b)signed by the applicant or his agent; and

(c)accompanied by such fee as the authority may charge under paragraph 15 below.

(2)An application under sub-paragraph (1) above shall specify—

(a)the kind of licence in respect of which the application is made ;

(b)where the applicant is a natural person, his full name and address and, where the applicant himself is not to be carrying on the day-to-day management of the activity in relation to which the application is made, the full name and address of any employee or agent who is ;

(c)where the application is made by or on behalf of a person other than a natural person,

(i)the full name of the person ;

(ii)the address of its registered or principal office ;

(iii)the names and private addresses of its directors, partners or other persons responsible for its management; and

(iv)the full name and address of any employee or agent who is to carry on the day-to-day management of the activity in relation to which the application is made;

(d)the address of the premises, if any, in or from which and the area in which the activity is to be carried on ; and

(e)such other information as the authority may reasonably require.

(3)Where the application relates to a licence for an activity which is wholly or mainly to be carried on in premises, it shall contain one or other of the following declarations by the applicant, that is to say, a declaration that he is complying with paragraph 2(2) below or a declaration by him that he is unable to do so because he has not such rights of access or other rights in respect of the premises as would enable him to do so, but that he has taken such reasonable steps as are open to him (specifying them) to acquire those rights and has been unable to acquire them.

2(1)A licensing authority shall, as soon as an application for the grant or renewal of a licence is made to them, send a copy of the application to the chief constable and, where the activity is wholly or mainly to be carried on in premises, the fire authority.

(2)Where an application is for the grant or renewal of a licence in relation to an activity wholly or mainly to be carried on in premises, the applicant shall, for a period of 21 days beginning with the date on which the application was submitted to the licensing authority, display a notice complying with sub-paragraph (3) below at or near the premises so that it can conveniently be read by the public.

(3)The notice shall state—

(a)that application has been made for a licence ;

(b)the particulars required under paragraph 1(2) above to be specified in the application ;

(c)that objections and representations in relation to the application may be made to the licensing authority in accordance with paragraph 3 below ;

(d)the effect of paragraph 3(1) to (3) below.

(4)Where an application contains a declaration that the applicant is complying with sub-paragraph (2) above, the applicant shall, as soon as possible after the expiry of the period of 21 days referred to in that sub-paragraph, submit to the licensing authority a certificate stating that he has so complied.

(5)An applicant shall not be treated as having failed to comply with sub-paragraph (2) above if the notice was, without any fault or intention of his, removed, obscured or defaced before the 21 days referred to in that sub-paragraph have elapsed, so long as he has taken reasonable steps for its protection and, if need be, replacement; and if he has cause to rely on this sub-paragraph, his certificate under sub-paragraph (4) above shall state the relevant circumstances.

(6)Where an application contains a declaration that the applicant is complying with sub-paragraph (2) above, and—

(a)he fails to submit the certificate required by sub-paragraph (4) above ;

(b)in the circumstances referred to in sub-paragraph (5) above,

he has not, in the opinion of the licensing authority, taken reasonable steps for the protection or, as the case may require, replacement of the notice ; or

(c)the licensing authority is, at any time before they reach a final decision on the application, satisfied that the notice was not displayed in accordance with this paragraph,

they may require the applicant to display the notice again for a period of 21 days beginning with such date as they may specify and the provisions of this paragraph shall apply in respect of such display as they apply in respect of display under sub-paragraph (2) above.

(7)The licensing authority—

(a)shall, in accordance with sub-paragraph (8) below, cause public notice to be given of every application made to them for the grant or renewal of a licence falling within a prescribed class ;

(b)shall, in accordance with sub-paragraph (8) below, cause public notice to be given of an application made to them for the grant or renewal of a licence in relation to an activity wholly or mainly to be carried on in premises if the application contains a declaration that the applicant has been unable to comply with the requirements of sub-paragraph (2) above;

(c)may, if they think fit, cause public notice to be given, in accordance with sub-paragraph (8) below, of any application for the grant or renewal of a licence which is made to them and notice of which they are not obliged to give under this sub-paragraph.

(8)Public notice of an application shall be given for the purposes of sub-paragraph (7) above by publication of a notice in a newspaper or newspapers circulating in the area of the authority stating—

(a)the particulars required under paragraph 1(2) above to be specified in the application ;

(b)that objections or representations in relation to the application may be made to the licensing authority in accordance with paragraph 3 below ; and

(c)the effect of paragraph 3(1) to (3) below.

(9)The Secretary of State may, by order made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament, prescribe a class or classes of licences for the purposes of sub-paragraph (7) above.

Objections and representations

3(1)Any objection or representation relating to an application for the grant or renewal of a licence shall, subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, be entertained by the licensing authority if, but only if, the objection or representation—

(a)is in writing ;

(b)specifies the grounds of the objection or, as the case may be, the nature of the representation ;

(c)specifies the name and address of the person making it;

(d)is signed by him or on his behalf ;

(e)was made to them within 21 days of whichever is the later or, as the case may be, latest of the following dates—

(i)where public notice of the application was given under paragraph 2(7) above, the date when it was first so given ;

(ii)where the application relates to a licence for an activity which is wholly or mainly to be carried out in premises and the authority have specified a date under paragraph 2(6) above, that date ;

(iii)in any other case, the date when the application was made to them.

(2)Notwithstanding sub-paragraph (1)(e) above, it shall be competent for a licensing authority to entertain an objection or representation received by them before they take a final decision upon the application to which it relates if they are satisfied that there is sufficient reason why it was not made in the time required under that sub-paragraph.

(3)An objection or representation shall be made for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) above if it is delivered by hand within the time there specified to the licensing authority or posted (by registered or recorded delivery post) so that in the normal course of post it might be expected to be delivered to them within that time.

(4)The licensing authority shall send a copy of any relevant objection or representation (within the meaning of paragraph 19 below) to the applicant to whose application it relates.

Disposal of applications for the grant and renewal of licences

4(1)In considering an application for the grant or renewal of a licence, a licensing authority may make such reasonable inquiries as they think fit and include the results of these inquiries in matters they take into account, but where they intend so to include any of these results they shall notify the applicant of that intention.

(2)A licensing authority may, before reaching a final decision upon such an application, give the applicant and any person who has made a relevant objection or representation (within the meaning of paragraph 19 below) in relation to the application an opportunity to be heard by the authority and, where they propose to do so, shall, within such reasonable period (not being less than 7 days) of the date of the hearing, notify the applicant and each such person of that date.

(3)A licensing authority shall not reach a final decision upon such an application—

(a)in relation to which a relevant objection or representation (within the meaning of paragraph 19 below) has been made to them or in relation to which they intend to take into account any result of their inquiries under sub-paragraph (1) above ; and

(b)in respect of which they have not, under this paragraph, given the applicant and any person who has made any such objection or representation an opportunity to be heard,

unless they have given the applicant an opportunity to notify them in writing of his views on such objection or representation or, as the case may be, result within such reasonable period (not being less than 7 days) as they may specify.

(4)The period referred to in sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) above shall begin with the date when the notification given by the licensing authority for the purpose of sub-paragraph (2) or, as the case may be, (3) is delivered to the person concerned and, when it is sent by post, it shall be treated as being delivered at the time when it might be expected to be delivered in the normal course of post.

5(1)Where an application for the grant or renewal of a licence has been made to a licensing authority they shall, in accordance with this paragraph—

(a)grant or renew the licence unconditionally ;

(b)grant or renew the licence subject to conditions : or

(c)refuse to grant or renew the licence.

(2)The conditions referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b) above shall be such reasonable conditions as the licensing authority think fit and, without prejudice to that generality, may include—

(a)conditions restricting the validity of a licence to an area or areas specified in the licence; and

(b)in relation to the grant of a licence, where that licence is intended to replace an existing licence, a condition requiring the holder of the existing licence to surrender it in accordance with paragraph 13 below.

(3)A licensing authority shall refuse an application to grant or renew a licence if, in their opinion—

(a)the applicant or, where the applicant is not a natural person,

any director of it or partner in it or any other person responsible for its management, is either—

(i)for the time being disqualified under section 7(6) of this Act, or

(ii)not a fit and proper person to be the holder of the licence ;

(b)the activity to which it relates would be managed by or carried on for the benefit of a person, other than the applicant, who would be refused the grant or renewal of such a licence if he made the application himself;

(c)where the licence applied for relates to an activity consisting of or including the use of premises or a vehicle or vessel, those premises are not or, as the case may be, that vehicle or vessel is not suitable or convenient for the conduct of the activity having regard to'—

(i)the location, character or condition of the premises or the character or condition of the vehicle or vessel;

(ii)the nature and extent of the proposed activity ;

(iii)the kind of persons likely to be in the premises, vehicle or vessel;

(iv)the possibility of undue public nuisance ; or

(v)public order or public safety ; or

(d)there is other good reason for refusing the application; and otherwise shall grant the application.

(4)A licensing authority shall not, in a case where a certificate falls to be submitted to them under paragraph 2(4) above, reach a final decision under this paragraph in respect of the application to which the certificate relates until it has been so submitted.

(5)A licensing authority shall in accordance with sub-paragraph (6) below, notify their decision under sub-paragraph (1) above to—

(a)the applicant;

(b)the chief constable ;

(c)any person who made a relevant objection or representation (within the meaning of paragraph 19 below) in relation to the application ; and

(d)where the application was for a licence for an activity wholly or mainly to be carried on in premises, the fire authority:

(6)Notification shall be made under sub-paragraph (5)(a), (b) or (d) above within 7 days of the decision to be notified by sending to the person concerned written notice of the decision and under sub-paragraph (5)(c) above either by so doing or by publishing, within that time, in a newspaper circulating in the area of the licensing authority, notice of the decision.

(7)A licensing authority shall make out and deliver a licence to every person to whom a licence is granted or whose licence is renewed by the authority, and shall when requested by any such person and on payment of such fee as they may charge under paragraph 15 below, make out a duplicate of any licence issued under this sub-paragraph and certify such duplicate to be a true copy of that original licence ; and any document purporting to be so certified by the proper officer of the authority shall be sufficient evidence of the terms of that licence.

(8)Where a licensing authority grant a licence in respect of which an employee or agent has been named under paragraph 1(2)(b) or (c) (iv) above, the licence shall be granted jointly in the names of the applicant and of the employee or agent, and in such a case any reference in this Schedule or in Part I or II of this Act to the holder of a licence includes a reference to one or both of those persons, as the case may require.

Restriction on successive applications

6Where a licensing authority have refused an application for the grant or renewal of a licence they shall not, within one year of their refusal, entertain a subsequent application from the same applicant for the grant of the same kind of licence in respect of the same activity in the same area or, where the activity consists of or includes the use of premises or a vehicle or vessel, in respect of an activity consisting of or including the same use of the same premises, vehicle or vessel unless in their opinion there has been, since their refusal, a material change of circumstances.

Temporary licences

7(1)A licensing authority may grant a licence to have effect for such period not exceeding 6 weeks from its being granted as they may determine, and such a licence shall be known as a " temporary licence ".

(2)This Schedule shall apply with the modifications specified in sub-paragraphs (3) to (5) below in relation to applications for temporary licences.

(3)Paragraphs 1(3), 2 to 4, and 5(1), (2) and (4) to (6) shall not apply, but in relation to each application for a temporary licence the licensing authority—

(a)shall consult the chief constable and, where the application relates to an activity wholly or mainly to be carried on in premises, the fire authority ; and

(b)may grant it subject to such conditions as they think fit.

(4)Paragraph 6 shall not apply so as to prevent a licensing authority from entertaining an application for the grant of a licence where they have, within one year, refused an application from the same applicant for a temporary licence for the same activity.

(5)Paragraphs 8, 9, 10 and 18 shall not apply.

(6)A temporary licence shall not be capable of being renewed but, where the holder of or the applicant for a temporary licence has also made an application for a licence under paragraph 1 above in respect of the same activity, the temporary licence, if granted, shall continue to have effect until—

(a)the licence applied for under paragraph 1 has been granted, whether as a result of an appeal under paragraph 18 below or not, or has been deemed to have been granted ; or

(b)where the licensing authority have refused that application, the time within which an appeal under paragraph 18 below against that decision may be made has elapsed ; or

(c)when such an appeal has been lodged, it has been abandoned or determined.

Duration of licences

8(1)Subject to and in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph, a licence shall come into force on being granted by a licensing authority or on such later date as they may specify as a condition of the licence and shall continue in force on being renewed by them,

(2)Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, a licence shall have effect—

(a)for a period of three years from the date when it comes into force ; or

(b)for such shorter period as the licensing authority may decide at the time when they grant or renew the licence.

(3)In the event of the death of a holder of a licence (except in the case of a licence referred to in section 13 of this Act) that licence shall be deemed to have been granted to his executor and shall, unless previously revoked, suspended or surrendered, remain in force until the end of the period of 3 months beginning with the death and shall then expire ; but the licensing authority may from time to time, on the application of the executor, extend or further extend that period if they are satisfied that the extension is necessary for the, purpose of winding up the deceased's estate and that no other circumstances make it undesirable.

(4)Where one of the joint holders of a licence ceases to be such, the licence shall continue in force as if held by its remaining holder for a period of six weeks from the date of such cessation but, where the remaining holder has made an application under paragraph 1 above for a licence in respect of the same activity within that period of six weeks, that period shall be extended until the time specified in sub-paragraph (6) below.

(5)If an application for the renewal of a licence is made before its expiry, the existing licence shall continue to have effect until the time specified in sub-paragraph (6) below.

(6)The time referred to in sub-paragraphs (4) and (5) above is—

(a)the time when the licence applied for under paragraph 1 above is granted or renewed, whether as a result of an appeal under paragraph 18 below or not, or has been deemed to have been granted or renewed ; or

(b)where the licensing authority have refused that application, the time within which an appeal under paragraph 18 below against that decision may be made has elapsed ; or

(c)where such an appeal has been lodged, the time when it has been abandoned or determined.

(7)Where a relevant objection or representation (within the meaning of paragraph 19 below) has been made in relation to an application for the grant of a licence, that licence shall not, unless it has been deemed to have been granted under section 3(4) of this Act, come into force until—

(a)the time within which an appeal under paragraph 18 below against the grant of the licence may be made has elapsed ; or

(b)where such an appeal has been lodged, it has been abandoned or determined in favour of the applicant.

(8)This paragraph is subject to paragraphs 11 to 14 below.

Notification of changes and alterations

9(1)Where there is a material change of circumstances affecting a holder of a licence, or the activity to which the licence relates, the holder of the licence shall, in accordance with this paragraph, notify the licensing authority of the change as soon as reasonably practicable after it has taken place.

(2)The holder of a licence which relates to an activity consisting of or including the use of premises, a vehicle or a vessel shall not, unless in accordance with a requirement imposed by or in pursuance of any enactment other than Parts I or II of this Act, make or Cause to be made or permit there to be made any material change in the premises or, as the case may be, the vehicle or vessel without the prior consent of the licensing authority.

(3)A notification under sub-paragraph (1) above or application for consent under sub-paragraph (2) above shall be accompanied by such fee as the licensing authority may charge under paragraph 15 below.

(4)A licensing authority, before considering whether or not to give their consent under sub-paragraph (2) above, shall be entitled to require the holder of the licence to furnish them with specifications, including plans, of the proposed changes.

(5)A licensing authority, before deciding whether or not to give their consent under sub-paragraph (2) above, shall consult with the chief constable and, in the case of a change in premises, with the fire authority.

(6)Where the licensing authority have given their consent under sub-paragraph (2) above to a change in premises or a vehicle or vessel, it shall not be necessary for the holder of the licence relating to those premises or that vehicle or vessel to notify the licensing authority of that change under sub-paragraph (1) above.

(7)A licensing authority shall, within 7 days of their decision under sub-paragraph (2) above, send written notice of their decision to the holder of the licence and the chief constable and, where the change is to premises, to the fire authority.

(8)In this paragraph, a " material change " includes any material change in the particulars given or referred to in the application for the grant, or, where the licence has been renewed, the most recent application for the renewal, of the licence.

Variation and suspension of licences

10(1)A licensing authority may, at any time, whether or not upon an application made to them by the holder of the licence, vary the terms of a licence on any grounds they think fit.

(2)A licensing authority, before proceeding to vary the terms of a licence under sub-paragraph (1) above—

(a)shall, not later than 7 days before the day on which the proposed variation is to be considered, notify the holder of the licence, the chief constable and, where the licence relates to an activity wholly or mainly carried on in premises, the fire authority of the proposed variation ; and

(b)shall give each of the persons mentioned in sub-sub-paragraph (a) above an opportunity to be heard by the authority on that day.

(3)A licensing authority shall have complied with sub-paragraph (2)(b) above if they have invited each of the persons whom they must notify under that sub-paragraph to attend and to be heard by the authority when the variation of the licence is to be considered.

(4)A licensing authority shall, within 7 days of their decision under sub-paragraph (1) above, send written notice of their decision to the holder of the licence and the chief constable and, where the licence relates to an activity wholly or mainly carried on in premises, to the fire authority.

(5)A variation in the terms of a licence shall come into force-

(a)when the time within which an appeal under paragraph 18 below may be made has elapsed ; or

(b)where such an appeal has been lodged, when the appeal has been abandoned or determined in favour of the variation.

11(1)A licensing authority may, whether upon a complaint made to them or not, suspend a licence in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph.

(2)A licensing authority may order the suspension of a licence if in their opinion—

(a)the holder of the licence or, where the holder is not a natural person, any director of it or partner in it or any other person responsible for its management, is not or is no longer a fit and proper person to hold the licence ;

(b)the activity to which the licence relates is being managed by or carried on for the benefit of a person, other than the licence holder, who would have been refused the grant or renewal of the licence under paragraph 5(3) above ;

(c)the carrying on of the activity to which the licence relates has caused, is causing or is likely to cause undue public nuisance or a threat to public order or public safety;

(d)a condition of the licence has been contravened.

(3)A licensing authority may make an order under sub-paragraph (2)(d) above in respect of a contravention of a condition of a licence notwithstanding that there has been no conviction in that respect.

(4)In considering whether to suspend a licence the licensing authority may—

(a)have regard to—

(i)any misconduct on the part of the holder of the licence, whether or not constituting a breach of any provision of Part I or II of this Act or this Schedule, which in the opinion of the authority has a bearing on his fitness to hold a licence ;

(ii)where the licence relates to an activity consisting of or including the use of premises or a vehicle or vessel, any misconduct on the part of persons frequenting or using the premises, vehicle or vessel occurring there or any misconduct in the immediate vicinity of the premises, vehicle or vessel which is attributable to those persons ;

(b)make such reasonable inquiries as they think fit and, subject to sub-paragraph (5) below, include the results of their inquiries in the matters to which they have regard in such consideration.

(5)Where a licensing authority intend to include any of the results of their inquiries under sub-paragraph (4)(b) above in the matters to which they have regard for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4) above, they shall notify the holder of the licence of that intention.

(6)A licensing authority may, whether upon an application made to them or not, recall an order made under this paragraph.

(7)A licensing authority in considering whether or not to suspend a licence may, but before deciding to do so shall, give—

(a)the holder of the licence ;

(b)any person who has made a complaint relevant to the matters to be considered at the hearing ;

(c)the chief constable ; and

(d)where the licence relates to an activity wholly or mainly carried on in premises, the fire authority,

an opportunity to be heard by the licensing authority.

(8)The licensing authority shall have complied with their duty under sub-paragraph (7) above if they have caused to be sent to the persons entitled under that sub-paragraph to an opportunity to be heard, not later than 21 days before the hearing, notice in writing that the authority propose to hold a hearing, together with a copy of any complaints relevant to the matters to be considered at the hearing and a note of the grounds upon which the suspension of the licence is to be considered and, where they decide to exercise their power under that sub-paragraph, they shall cause such notice, copy and note to be sent to those persons not later than that time.

(9)Where a licensing authority decide to order the suspension of a licence, the suspension shall not, subject to sub-paragraph (10) below, take effect until the expiry of the time within which the holder of the licence may appeal under paragraph 18 below against the suspension or, if such an appeal has been lodged, until it has been abandoned or determined in favour of the suspension.

(10)If, in deciding to order the suspension of a licence, a licensing authority determine that the circumstances of the case justify immediate suspension they may, without prejudice to their other powers under this paragraph, order that the licence shall be suspended immediately.

(11)The period of suspension of a licence under this paragraph shall be the unexpired portion of the duration of the licence, or such shorter period as the licensing authority may fix; and the effect of suspension shall be that the licence shall cease to have effect during the period of the suspension.

(12)A licensing authority shall, within 7 days of their decision under sub-paragraph (1) above, send written notice of their decision to the persons referred to in sub-paragraph (7)(a), (c) and (d) above in relation to the licence and to any person who, in pursuance of sub-paragraph (7)(b) above, was heard by the authority before they reached that decision.

12(1)A licensing authority shall, whether upon a complaint made to them or not, order the suspension under this paragraph of a licence if they are of the opinion that the carrying on of the activity to which the licence relates is causing or is likely to cause a serious threat to public order or public safety.

(2)In considering whether to suspend a licence under this paragraph, a licensing authority may make such reasonable inquiries as they think fit and include the results of their inquiries in the matters to which they have regard in such consideration.

(3)Where a licensing authority intend to include any of the results of their inquiries under sub-paragraph (2) above in the matters to which they have regard for the purposes of this paragraph they shall notify the holder of the licence of that intention.

(4)A licensing authority shall, before reaching a decision on the question whether or not to suspend a licence under this paragraph, consult the chief constable and, where the licence relates to an activity wholly or mainly carried on in premises, the fire authority.

(5)An order under this paragraph suspending a licence shall have effect from the date on which it is made until whichever is the earlier of the following two dates—

(a)a date six weeks after the order was made ;

(b)the date of any decision of the licensing authority whether or not to suspend the licence under paragraph 11 above.

(6)A licensing authority may, whether upon an application made to them or not, recall an order made under this paragraph.

(7)A licensing authority shall, within 7 days of their decision under sub-paragraph (1) or (6) above, send written notice of their decision to the holder of the licence, the chief constable and, where the licence relates to an activity wholly or mainly carried on in premises, to the fire authority.

Supplementary

13(1)A holder of a licence may at any time surrender the licence to the licensing authority and it shall thereupon cease to have effect.

(2)A holder of a licence shall deliver the licence to the licensing authority—

(a)within 7 days after the coming into effect of a decision of a licensing authority to suspend or vary the terms of the licence or of a court, under section 7(6)(a) of this Act, to revoke it;

(b)where the licence relates to an activity which he has given up.

(3)A licensing authority shall, on making an order suspending a licence or on deciding to vary the terms of a licence, cause notice in writing to be given to the holder of the licence of his duty to deliver it under sub-paragraph (2) above.

(4)Where a licence has been surrendered under this paragraph on its revocation under section 7(6Xa) of this Act or its suspension under this Schedule and the revocation or suspension is quashed or recalled the licensing authority shall re-issue the licence.

14(1)A licensing authority shall cause to be kept a register of applications under this Schedule (in this paragraph referred to as " the register ") and shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after—

(a)the receipt of each application, cause details of such receipt; and

(b)their final decision on each application, cause details of that decision to be entered in the register.

(2)The register shall include—

(a)a note of the kind and terms of each licence granted by the licensing authority;

(b)a note of any suspension, variation of the terms, or surrender, of a licence.

(3)The register shall be open to the inspection of any member of the public at such reasonable times and places as may be determined by the licensing authority and any member of the public may make a copy thereof or an extract therefrom.

(4)A licensing authority may, on payment of such fee as they may charge under paragraph 15 below, issue a certified true copy of any entry in the register; and any document purporting to be certified by the proper officer of the licensing authority as a true copy of an entry shall be sufficient evidence of the terms of the original entry.

Fees

15(1)A licensing authority shall, subject to sub-paragraph (2) below—

(a)in respect of applications made to them under this Schedule ;

(b)in respect of the issue of certified duplicate licences under paragraph 5(7) above ;

(c)in respect of their consideration of a material change of circumstances or in premises or a vehicle or vessel under paragraph 9 above and their disposal of the matter;

(d)in respect of the issue under paragraph 14 above of certified true copies charge such reasonable fees as they may, in accordance with sub-paragraph (2) below, determine ; and the authority may under this sub-paragraph determine different fees for different classes of business, and items of business may be classed for that purpose by reference to any factor or factors whatsoever.

(2)Subject to sub-paragraph (3) below, in determining the amount of the different fees under sub-paragraph (1) above, the licensing authority shall seek to ensure that from time to time the total amount of fees receivable by the authority is sufficient to meet the expenses of the authority in exercising their functions under Parts I and II of this Act and this Schedule.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) above does not apply in respect of the fees and expenses in respect of which provision is made by section 12 of this Act

Sending of notice by post

16When a licensing authority sends by post, for the purposes of paragraphs 5(6), 9(7), 10(4), 11(12), or 12(7), written notice of its decision, it shall be treated as having been sent within the time required if it was posted so that in the normal course of post it might be expected to be delivered to the person concerned within that time.

Notification of decisions and giving of reasons

17(1)A licensing authority shall, within 10 days of being required to do so under sub-paragraph (2) below, give reasons in writing for arriving at any decision of theirs under this Schedule-

(a)to grant or renew a licence or to refuse to do so ;

(b)to consent or to refuse to consent to a material change in any premises, vehicle or vessel;

(c)to vary or refuse to vary the terms of a licence ;

(d)in relation to paragraph 11 above—

(i)to suspend a licence or to refuse to do so ;

(ii)as to the period of suspension ;

(iii)ordering immediate suspension ;

(e)to suspend a licence under paragraph 12 above or to refuse to do so.

(2)Reasons for a decision referred to in sub-paragraph (1) above shall be given by the licensing authority on a request being made to the authority by a relevant person within 28 days of the date of the decision.

(3)Nothing in this paragraph affects the power of the sheriff under paragraph 18 below to require a licensing authority to give reasons for a decision of the authority—

(a)which is being appealed to the sheriff under that paragraph ; and

(b)for which reasons have not been given under this paragraph.

(4)In this paragraph, " relevant person " means—

(a)in respect of a decision specified in sub-paragraph (1)(a) above, the applicant or any person who made a relevant objection or representation (within the meaning of paragraph 19 below) in relation to the application to which the decision relates ;

(b)in respect of a decision specified in sub-paragraphs (1)(b) to (e) above, the holder of the licence or the chief constable ;

(c)in respect of a decision specified in sub-paragraphs (1)(b) to (e) above which relates to an activity wholly or mainly carried on in premises, the fire authority ;

(d)in respect of a decision to consent or to refuse to consent to a material change in premises, the fire authority ; and

(e)in respect of a decision specified in sub-paragraph (1)(d) above, any person who, in pursuance of paragraph 11(7)(b) above, was heard by the licensing authority.

Appeals

18(1)Subject to sub-paragraph (2) below, a person who may, under this Schedule, require a licensing authority to give him reasons for their decision may appeal to the sheriff against that decision.

(2)A person shall be entitled to appeal under this paragraph only if he has followed all such procedures under this Schedule for stating his case to the licensing authority as have been made available to him.

(3)A licensing authority may be a party to an appeal under this paragraph.

(4)An appeal under this paragraph shall be made by way of summary application and shall be lodged with the sheriff clerk within 28 days from the date of the decision appealed against.

(5)On good cause being shown, the sheriff may hear an appeal under this paragraph notwithstanding that it was not lodged within the time mentioned in sub-paragraph (4) above.

(6)For the purposes of an appeal under this paragraph, the sheriff may, in the case of a decision of a licensing authority for which reasons have not been given by the authority under paragraph 17 above, require the authority to give reasons for that decision, and the authority shall comply with such a requirement.

(7)The sheriff may uphold an appeal under this paragraph only if he considers that the licensing authority, in arriving at their decision—

(a)erred in law ;

(b)based their decision on any incorrect material fact;

(c)acted contrary to natural justice ; or

(d)exercised their discretion in an unreasonable manner.

(8)In considering an appeal under this paragraph, the sheriff may hear evidence by or on behalf of any party to the appeal.

(9)On upholding an appeal under this paragraph, the sheriff may—

(a)remit the case with the reasons for his decision to the licensing authority for reconsideration of their decision ; or

(b)reverse or modify the decision of the authority, and on remitting a case under sub-sub-paragraph (a) above, the sheriff may—

(i)specify a date by which the reconsideration by the authority must take place;

(ii)modify any procedural steps which otherwise would be required in relation to the matter by or under any enactment (including this Act).

(10)In considering an appeal under this paragraph against suspension of a licence the sheriff may, pending his decision on the appeal, order the recall of any order by the licensing authority under paragraph 11(10) above that the suspension be immediate or of any order made by the authority under paragraph 12 above but he shall not do so unless he is satisfied that all steps which in the circumstances were reasonable have been taken with a view to securing that notice of the appeal and an opportunity of being heard with respect to it have been given to the authority.

(11)The sheriff may include in his decision on an appeal under this paragraph such order as to the expenses of the appeal as he thinks proper.

(12)Any party to an appeal to the sheriff under this paragraph may appeal on a point of law from the sheriff's decision to the Court of Session within 28 days from the date of that decision.

Interpretation

19In this Schedule, "relevant objection or representation" means—

(a)in paragraphs 1 to 4, objection or representation which, under paragraph 3 above, the licensing authority are obliged to or intend to entertain ; and

(b)in the other paragraphs, an objection or representation which, under the said paragraph 3, they were obliged to or intended to entertain.

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