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Senior Courts Act 1981

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  1. Introductory TextNext Match

  2. Part I CONSTITUTION OF Senior Courts

    1. The Senior Courts

      1. 1. The Senior Courts.

    2. The Court of Appeal

      1. 2. The Court of Appeal.

      2. 3. Divisions of Court of Appeal.

    3. The High Court

      1. 4. The High Court.

      2. 5. Divisions of High Court.

      3. 6. The Patents, Admiralty and Commercial Courts.

      4. 7. Power to alter Divisions or transfer certain courts to different Divisions.

    4. The Crown Court

      1. 8. The Crown Court.

    5. Other provisions

      1. 9. Assistance for transaction of judicial business of Senior Courts.

      2. 10. Appointment of judges of Senior Courts.

      3. 11. Tenure of office of judges of Senior Courts.

      4. 12. Salaries etc. of judges of Senior Courts.

      5. 13. Precedence of judges of Senior Courts.

      6. 14. Power of judge of Senior Courts or Crown Court to act in cases relating to rates and taxes.

  3. Part II JURISDICTIONPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. The Court of Appeal

      1. 15. General jurisdiction of Court of Appeal.

      2. 16. Appeals from High Court.

      3. 17. Applications for new trial.

      4. 18. Restrictions on appeals to Court of Appeal.

    2. The High CourtPrevious MatchNext Match

      1. General jurisdiction

        1. 19. General jurisdiction of High Court.

      2. Admiralty jurisdiction

        1. 20. Admiralty jurisdiction of High Court.

        2. 21. Mode of exercise of Admiralty jurisdiction.

        3. 22. Restrictions on entertainment of actions in personam in collision and other similar cases.

        4. 23. High Court not to have jurisdiction in cases within Rhine Convention.

        5. 24. Supplementary provisions as to Admiralty jurisdiction.

      3. Other particular fields of jurisdictionPrevious MatchNext Match

        1. 25. Probate jurisdiction of High Court.

        2. 26. Matrimonial jurisdiction of High Court.

        3. 27. Prize jurisdiction of High Court.Previous MatchNext Match

        4. 28. Appeals from Crown Court and inferior courts.

        5. 28A. Proceedings on case stated by magistrates’ court or Crown Court.

        6. 29.Mandatory, prohibiting and quashing orders

        7. 30. Injunctions to restrain persons from acting in offices in which they are not entitled to act.

        8. 31. Application for judicial review.

        9. 31A.Transfer of judicial review applications to Upper TribunalPrevious MatchNext Match

      4. PowersPrevious MatchNext Match

        1. 32. Orders for interim payment.

        2. 32A. Orders for provisional damages for personal injuries.

        3. 33. Powers of High Court exercisable before commencement of action.

        4. 34. Power of High Court to order disclosure of documents, inspection of property etc. in proceedings for personal injuries or death.

        5. 35. Provisions supplementary to ss. 33 and 34.

        6. 35A. Power of High Court to award interest on debts and damages.

        7. 36. Subpoena issued by High Court to run throughout United Kingdom.Previous MatchNext Match

        8. 37. Powers of High Court with respect to injunctions and receivers.

        9. 38. Relief against forfeiture for non-payment of rent.

        10. 39. Execution of instrument by person nominated by High Court.

        11. 40. Attachment of debts.

        12. 40A. Administrative and clerical expenses of garnishees.

        13. 41. Wards of court.

        14. 42. Restriction of vexatious legal proceedings.

        15. 43. Power of High Court to vary sentence on application for quashing order.

        16. 43ZA. Power of High Court to vary committal in default.

        17. 43A. Specific powers of arbitrator exercisable by High Court.

      5. Other provisions

        1. 44. Extraordinary functions of judges of High Court.

    3. The Crown Court

      1. 45. General jurisdiction of Crown Court.

      2. 46. Exclusive jurisdiction of Crown Court in trial on indictment.

      3. 46A. Offences committed on ships and abroad.

      4. 47. Sentences and other orders of Crown Court when dealing with offenders.

      5. 48. Appeals to Crown Court.

    4. General Provisions

      1. Law and equity

        1. 49. Concurrent administration of law and equity.

        2. 50. Power to award damages as well as, or in substitution for, injunction or specific performance.

      2. Costs

        1. 51. Costs in civil division of Court of Appeal, High Court and county courts.

        2. 52. Costs in Crown Court.

  4. Part III PRACTICE AND PROCEDUREPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. The Court of Appeal

      1. Distribution of business

        1. 53. Distribution of business between civil and criminal divisions.

      2. Composition of court

        1. 54. Court of civil division.

        2. 55. Court of criminal division.

        3. 56. Judges not to sit on appeal from their own judgments, etc.

        4. 56A. Circuit judges not to sit on certain appeals.

        5. 56B. Allocation of cases in criminal division.

      3. Sittings and vacations

        1. 57. Sittings and vacations.

      4. Other provisions

        1. 58. Calling into question of incidental decisions in civil division.

        2. 59. Form of judgment of court of criminal division.

        3. 60. Rules of court, and decisions of Court of Appeal, as to whether judgment or order is final or interlocutory.

    2. The High Court

      1. Distribution of business

        1. 61. Distribution of business among Divisions.

        2. 62. Business of Patents, Admiralty and Commercial Courts.

        3. 63. Business assigned to specially nominated judges.

        4. 64. Choice of Division by plaintiff.

        5. 65. Power of transfer.

      2. Divisional courts

        1. 66. Divisional courts of High Court.

      3. Mode of conducting business

        1. 67. Proceedings in court and in chambers.

        2. 68. Exercise of High Court jurisdiction otherwise than by judges of that court.

        3. 69. Trial by jury.

        4. 70. Assessors and scientific advisers.

      4. Sittings and vacations

        1. 71. Sittings and vacations.

      5. Other provisions

        1. 72. Withdrawal of privilege against incrimination of self or spouse in certain proceedings.

    3. The Crown Court

      1. Composition of court

        1. 73. General provisions.

        2. 74. Appeals and committals for sentence.

      2. Distribution of business

        1. 75. Allocation of cases according to composition of court, etc.

        2. 76. Committal for trial: alteration of place of trial.

        3. 77. Committal for trial: date of trial.

      3. Sittings

        1. 78. Sittings.

      4. Other provisionsPrevious MatchNext Match

        1. 79. Practice and procedure in connection with indictable offences and appeals.

        2. 80. Process to compel appearance.Previous MatchNext Match

        3. 81. Bail.

        4. 82. Duties of officers of Crown Court.

        5. 83. Right of audience for solicitors in certain Crown Court centres.

    4. Rules of Court

      1. 84. Power to make rules of court.

      2. 85. The Senior Courts Rule Committee.

      3. 86. The Crown Court Rule Committee.

      4. 86A.Process for making rules of court under section 84

      5. 86B.Rules to be made if required by Lord Chancellor

      6. 87. Particular matters for which rules of court may provide.

  5. Part IV OFFICERS AND OFFICES

    1. Appointment of certain officers of Senior Courts

      1. 88. Qualification for office.

      2. 89. Masters and registrars.

      3. 90. Official Solicitor.

      4. 91. Deputies and temporary appointments.

    2. Other provisions relating to officers of Senior Courts

      1. 92. Tenure of office.

      2. 93. Status of officers for purposes of salary and pension.

      3. 94.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      4. 95. Property held by officers.

    3. Central Office and Accountant General

      1. 96. Central Office.

      2. 97. Accountant General.

    4. Judges’ clerks and secretaries

      1. 98. Judges’ clerks and secretaries.

    5. District registries and district registrars

      1. 99. District registries.

      2. 100. District judges

      3. 101. Power of one district registrar to act for another.

      4. 102. Deputy district registrars.

      5. 103. Assistant district registrars.

    6. District probate registries

      1. 104. District probate registries.

  6. Part V PROBATE CAUSES AND MATTERS

    1. Procedure in probate registries in relation to grants of representation

      1. 105. Applications.

      2. 106. Grants by district probate registrars.

      3. 107. No grant where conflicting applications.

      4. 108. Caveats.

      5. 109. Refusal of grant where capital transfer tax unpaid.

      6. 110. Documents to be delivered to Commissioners of Inland Revenue.

      7. 111. Records of grants.

    2. Powers of court in relation to personal representatives

      1. 112. Summons to executor to prove or renounce.

      2. 113. Power of court to sever grant.

      3. 114. Number of personal representatives.

      4. 115. Grants to trust corporations.

      5. 116. Power of court to pass over prior claims to grant.

      6. 117. Administration pending suit.

      7. 118. Effect of appointment of minor as executor.

      8. 119. Administration with will annexed.

      9. 120. Power to require administrators to produce sureties.

    3. Revocation of grants and cancellation of resealing at instance of court

      1. 121. Revocation of grants and cancellation of resealing at instance of court.

    4. Ancillary powers of court

      1. 122. Examination of person with knowledge of testamentary document.

      2. 123. Subpoena to bring in testamentary document.

    5. Provisions as to documents

      1. 124. Place for deposit of original wills and other documents.

      2. 125. Copies of wills and grants.

      3. 126. Depositories for wills of living persons.

    6. Probate rules

      1. 127. Probate rules.

    7. Interpretation of Part V and other probate provisions

      1. 128. Interpretation of Part V and other probate provisions.

  7. Part VI MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTARYPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. Miscellaneous provisionsPrevious MatchNext Match

      1. 129. Lords Commissioners to represent Lord Chancellor when Great Seal in commission.

      2. 130. Fees to be taken in Supreme Court.

      3. 131. Conveyancing counsel of Senior Courts.

      4. 132. Proof of documents bearing seal or stamp of Senior Courts or any office thereof.Previous MatchNext Match

      5. 133. Enrolment and engrossment of instruments.

      6. 134. Powers of attorney deposited before October 1971.Previous MatchNext Match

      7. 135. Bonds given under order of court.

      8. 136. Production of documents filed in, or in custody of, Senior Courts.

      9. 137. Money paid into court under enactment subsequently repealed.

      10. 138. Effect of writs of execution against goods.

      11. 138A. Sales under executions.

      12. 138B. Protection of officer selling goods under execution.

      13. 139. Attachment of National Savings Bank deposits.

      14. 140. Enforcement of fines and forfeited recognizances.

      15. 141. Abolition of certain writs.

      16. 142. Selection of judges for trial of election petitions.

      17. 143.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      18. 144.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

      19. 145. Amendment of Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act 1968.Previous MatchNext Match

      20. 146. Amendment of Courts Act 1971.

      21. 147. Amendment of Solicitors Act 1974.

      22. 148. Amendment of Arbitration Act 1979.

      23. 149.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    2. SupplementaryPrevious MatchNext Match

      1. 150. Admiralty jurisdiction: provisions as to Channel Islands, Isle of Man, colonies etc.Previous MatchNext Match

      2. 151. Interpretation of this Act, and rules of construction for other Acts and documents.Previous MatchNext Match

      3. 152. Amendments of other Acts, transitional provisions, savings and repeals.Previous MatchNext Match

      4. 153. Citation, commencement and extent.Previous MatchNext Match

  8. SCHEDULES

    1. SCHEDULE 1

      Distribution of Business in High Court

      1. Chancery Division

        1. 1.To the Chancery Division are assigned all causes and matters...

      2. Queen’s Bench Division

        1. 2.To the Queen’s Bench Division are assigned—

      3. Family Division

        1. 3.To the Family Division are assigned— (a) all matrimonial causes...

    2. SCHEDULE 2Previous MatchNext Match

      List of offices in Senior Courts for purposes of Part 4Previous MatchNext Match

      1. Part 1 Previous MatchNext Match

      2. Part 2 Previous MatchNext Match

      3. Part 3 Previous MatchNext Match

    3. SCHEDULE 3

      1. . . . . . . . . . ....

    4. SCHEDULE 4Previous MatchNext Match

      Construction of References to Superseded Courts and OfficersPrevious MatchNext Match

      1. GeneralPrevious MatchNext Match

        1. 1.(1) So much of any enactment as refers or relates...Previous MatchNext Match

      2. The Accountants-General of the Courts of Chancery and Exchequer

        1. 2.Any enactment or document referring to the Accountant-General of the...

      3. The Court of Criminal Appeal and its registrar

        1. 3.In any enactment or document passed or made before 1st...

      4. Principal registrar of Family Division

        1. 4.In any enactment or document passed or made before the...

    5. SCHEDULE 5Previous MatchNext Match

      Consequential AmendmentsPrevious MatchNext Match

      1. COLONIAL PROBATES ACT 1892 (c. 6)

        1. In section 2(1), for “156A of the Supreme Court of...

        2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      2. ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES ACT 1925 (c. 23)

        1. In section 47A(7) (notices to principal registrar of Family Division)—...

      3. LAW OF PROPERTY (AMENDMENT) ACT 1926 (c. 11)

        1. In section 3(1), “for Supreme Court of Judicature (Consolidation) Act...

      4. FOREIGN JUDGMENTS (RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT) ACT 1933 (c. 13)

        1. 1.In section 3(1), for “ninety-nine of the Supreme Court of...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.. . . . . . . . . ....Previous MatchNext Match

      5. ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ACT 1933 (c. 36)

        1. Section 2(2)(b) shall continue to have effect with the amendments...

        2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      6. CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT 1948 (c. 58)

        1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      7. CONSULAR CONVENTIONS ACT 1949 (c. 29)

        1. In section 1(4)— for “(1) of section one hundred and...

      8. ARBITRATION ACT 1950 (c. 27)

        1. In section 38(3), for “ninety-nine of the Supreme Court of...

      9. ARMY ACT 1955 (c. 18)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. Section 110(1) shall continue to have effect with the amendments...

      10. AIR FORCE ACT 1955 (c. 19)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. [Section 110(1) shall continue to have effect with the amendments...

        2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        5. . . . . . . . . . ....

      11. PROFESSIONS SUPPLEMENTARY TO MEDICINE ACT 1960 (c. 66)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 2, for “forty-nine of the...

      12. NURSES (AMENDMENT) ACT 1961 (c. 14)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In section 9(2), for “forty-nine of the Supreme Court of...

      13. RIVERS (PREVENTION OF POLLUTION) ACT 1961 (c. 50)

        1. In section 6(5), for “twenty-seven of the Supreme Court of...

      14. PUBLIC HEALTH ACT 1961 (c. 64)

        1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      15. ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE ACT 1964 (c. 42)

        1. In section 28 (exception of prerogative proceedings from general power...

      16. ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE ACT 1965 (c. 2)

        1. 1.In section 4(1) (mode of effecting payment of money into...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.In section 6 (mode of dealing with money in Supreme...Previous MatchNext Match

        3. 3.In section 18, in the definition of “Supreme Court”, for...

      17. VETERINARY SURGEONS ACT 1966 (c. 36)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In paragraph 4(2) of Schedule 2, for “49 of the...

      18. ARBITRATION (INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT DISPUTES) ACT 1966 (c. 41)

        1. In sections 1(6) and 2(2), for “99 of the Supreme...

      19. MATRIMONIAL CAUSES ACT 1967 (c. 56)

        1. In section 10(1), for the definition of “matrimonial cause” substitute—...

      20. CRIMINAL APPEAL ACT 1968 (c. 19)

        1. 1.In section 33 (right of appeal to House of Lords...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.For subsection (1) of, and the side-note to, section 45...Previous MatchNext Match

        3. 3.In Schedule 2 (provisions applicable on order for retrial), paragraph...

      21. HEARING AID COUNCIL ACT 1968 (c. 50)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In section 10(2), for “49 of the Supreme Court of...

      22. HOVERCRAFT ACT 1968 (c. 59)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. 1.In section 1(1)(h)(i) (power to apply to hovercraft etc. enactments...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.(1) Section 2 (Admiralty jurisdiction etc.) shall be amended as...Previous MatchNext Match

        3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. . . . . . . . . . ....

      23. ADMINISTRATION OF ESTATES ACT 1971 (c. 25)

        1. 1.(1) Section 11 (sealing of Commonwealth and Colonial grants) shall...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.In section 14(3), for “8” substitute “ 9 ”. Previous MatchNext Match

      24. MISUSE OF DRUGS ACT 1971 (c. 38)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In paragraph 5(2) of Schedule 3, for “49 of the...

      25. MERCHANT SHIPPING (OIL POLLUTION) ACT 1971 (c. 59)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      26. TRIBUNALS AND INQUIRIES ACT 1971 (c. 62)

        1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      27. LAND CHARGES ACT 1972 (c. 61)

        1. In section 6(4) (effect of non-registration of writs and orders...

      28. HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ETC. ACT 1974 (c. 37)

        1. In section 69(4), for “27 of the Supreme Court of...

        2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      29. MERCHANT SHIPPING ACT 1974 (c. 43)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      30. SOLICITORS ACT 1974 (c. 47)

        1. 1.In section 19(2), for “120 of the Supreme Court of...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.After section 81 insert— Fees for administering oaths and taking...Previous MatchNext Match

      31. HOUSE OF COMMONS DISQUALIFICATION ACT 1975 (c. 24)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In Part III of Schedule 1, in the entry beginning...

      32. NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY DISQUALIFICATION ACT 1975 (c. 25)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. Part 111 of Schedule 1 shall have effect with the...

      33. EVIDENCE (PROCEEDINGS IN OTHER JURISDICTIONS) ACT 1975 (c. 34)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. 1.In section 4 (extension of powers of High Court etc....Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.In section 7, for “99 of the Supreme Court of...Previous MatchNext Match

      34. FARRIERS (REGISTRATION) ACT 1975 (c. 35)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In paragraph 4(2) of Schedule 3, for “49 of the...

      35. TORTS (INTERFERENCE WITH GOODS) ACT 1977 (c. 32)

        1. In section 4— in subsection (4), for “99 of the...

      36. INSURANCE BROKERS (REGISTRATION) ACT 1977 (c. 46)Previous MatchNext Match

        1. In section 19(2), for “49 of the Supreme Court of...

        2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      37. EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION (CONSOLIDATION) ACT 1978 (c. 44)

        1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      38. ARBITRATION ACT 1979 (c. 42)

        1. In section 2(3), for “27 of the Supreme Court of...

      39. CHARGING ORDERS ACT 1979 (c. 53)

        1. In section 5(2), for “99 of the Supreme Court of...

      40. MAGISTRATES’ COURTS ACT 1980 (c. 43)

        1. 1.After section 43 insert— Functions of magistrates’ court where a...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.In section 87(2) for “penalty” substitute “ sum ”. Previous MatchNext Match

        3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      41. JUDICIAL PENSIONS ACT 1981 (c. 20)

        1. 1.For subsection (2) of section 34 (county court registrars and...Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 2.Schedule 1 (pensions, etc. of certain judicial officers) shall be...Previous MatchNext Match

    6. SCHEDULE 6Previous MatchNext Match

      Transitional Provisions and SavingsPrevious MatchNext Match

      1. 1.. . . . . . . . . ....Previous MatchNext Match

      2. Continuity of appointments of officers

        1. 2.(1) Any person holding an office immediately before the commencement...

      3. Tenure, etc. of certain officersPrevious MatchNext Match

        1. 3.. . . . . . . . . ....Previous MatchNext Match

        2. 4.. . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 5.This Act, so far as it amends or repeals any...

        4. 6.. . . . . . . . . ....

      4. Inland Revenue affidavits

        1. 7.In relation to deaths occurring before 13th March 1975 (the...

      5. Grants of representation made under provisions of 1925 Act not reproduced in this Act

        1. 8.Nothing in the repeals made by this Act shall affect—...

      6. Minor executors

        1. 9.Any appointment of a minor as executor which, immediately before...

      7. Administration bonds given before 1st January 1972

        1. 10.Nothing in this Act shall affect the continued operation of...

      8. Grants and resealings liable to revocation or cancellation at instance of court

        1. 11.Section 121 applies whether the grant in question was made...

      9. Appeals from certain orders and decisions under section 54(3) of Magistrates’ Courts Act 1952

        1. 12.In paragraph 3(d) of Schedule 1, the reference to an...

      10. Interpretation

        1. 13.(1) In this Schedule “the1925 Act” means the Senior Courts...

    7. SCHEDULE 7Previous MatchNext Match

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